CN204012595U - A kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine - Google Patents

A kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204012595U
CN204012595U CN201420421997.3U CN201420421997U CN204012595U CN 204012595 U CN204012595 U CN 204012595U CN 201420421997 U CN201420421997 U CN 201420421997U CN 204012595 U CN204012595 U CN 204012595U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
deicing
transmission line
fixed
ice bucket
motor
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420421997.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈双涛
刘国清
侯予
赖天伟
刘秀芳
Original Assignee
云南电力试验研究院(集团)有限公司电力研究院
西安交通大学
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Application filed by 云南电力试验研究院(集团)有限公司电力研究院, 西安交通大学 filed Critical 云南电力试验研究院(集团)有限公司电力研究院
Priority to CN201420421997.3U priority Critical patent/CN204012595U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204012595U publication Critical patent/CN204012595U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine, form frame by upper and lower two parts, there are walking unit, stabilization element, deicing unit in frame inside; What deicing unit adopted is that the mode of turning eliminates the icing on circuit, deicing motor drives except ice bucket rotation by gear drive, be fixed on the deicing lathe tool rotary cutting that removes ice bucket end face except overhead transmission line icing, except ice bucket is spliced card on the line by upper and lower two parts, the through hole at center transports away the trash ice of excision; Walking unit is made up of with its support section and drive part two principal and subordinate's road wheels that clamp, be expert under motor driven, positive transport wheel drives whole ice removing machine to advance, and is clamped circuit and is ensured that circuit is stable by stabilization element, and in the time that circuit diameter changes, central lines of track does not change; The utility model can be removed the icing of different model circuit efficiently, efficiently.

Description

A kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of mechanical device that is arranged on the removing icing on overhead transmission line, is specifically related to a kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine.
Background technology
China's winter climate changes greatly in recent years, some areas sleety weather increases, accumulated snow and sleet constantly gather, condense on overhead transmission line, thickening, form the larger icing layer of thickness, ultra-high-tension power transmission line fracture can be caused in serious area, electric power carries tower to collapse, and causes large-area power outage, causes very large loss to productive life.There are a lot of problems in the method for traditional dependence manpower deicing, efficiency is low, the cycle is long, labour consumes greatly, is difficult to realize the requirement of large-scale circuit deicing.For ensureing the normal even running of transmission line, development multiple deicing technology, be mainly that mechanical type deicing method, thermal ice-melting method, coating are anti-icing etc.De-icing method is to apply method more widely, implement difficulty relatively low, but the method need to apply large electric current, causes very large energy consumption, and equipment needed thereby cost is also higher.Coating is anti-icing cannot accomplish high efficient and reliable deicing, also cannot stop the generation of line ice coating completely.Existing mechanical deicing method adopt knocks, roots out, the mode deicing such as extruding, in ice detachment, can cause larger vibrations, there is larger resistance.
Summary of the invention
For solving above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine, can remove efficiently, efficiently the icing of different model circuit.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
A kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine, by upper bracket 2, lower bearing bracket 3 and be arranged on upper bracket 2 and lower bearing bracket 3 in deicing unit, walking unit, stabilization element form;
Described deicing unit comprises the upper backup pad and the lower supporting plate that are separately fixed on upper bracket 2 and lower bearing bracket 3, by hemisphere bearing 20 be movably fixed between upper backup pad and lower supporting plate except ice bucket 21, the described ice bucket 21 that removes is made up of the upper ice bucket 21A of removing and the lower ice bucket 21B of removing, and be stuck in transmission line 1 surface, be fixed with deicing lathe tool 22 upper except ice bucket 21A and the lower end surface symmetric except ice bucket 21B, also comprise the deicing motor 24A being fixed on deicing motor base 24B, described deicing motor 24A engages with the gear removing on ice bucket 21 by travelling gear 23, drive removes ice bucket 21 and rotates, and then make deicing lathe tool 22 rotate the icing on turning transmission line 1,
Described walking unit comprises the walking motor 4 being fixed on upper bracket 2, the positive transport wheel 8 being connected with walking motor 4 by driving chain 7, and described positive transport wheel 8 is fixed on upper bracket 2 by positive transport wheel support 6; Also comprise by driven road wheel support 11 and be movably fixed to the driven road wheel 10 on lower bearing bracket 3, described driven road wheel 10 is also fixed on lower bearing bracket 3 by front back-moving spring 12A, ensures that described positive transport wheel 8 and driven road wheel 10 clamp transmission line 1;
Described stabilization element is arranged between walking unit and deicing unit, comprise the upper center rest 13 being movably fixed on upper bracket 2, be fixed on the upper pinch wheels 14 on center rest 13, described upper center rest 13 is fixed on upper bracket 2 by middle back-moving spring 12B, and in guarantee, pinch wheels 14 clamps transmission line 1; Also comprise and be fixed on the first time center rest 17A and the second time center rest 17B that on lower bearing bracket 3, are preset angles, be separately fixed at first time pinch wheels 15A and second time pinch wheels 15B on first time center rest 17A and second time center rest 17B, between described first time center rest 17A and second time center rest 17B, be connected with fastening spring 16, under the effect of fastening spring 16, make first time pinch wheels 15A and second time pinch wheels 15B clamp transmission line 1.
On described deicing lathe tool 22, have tongue-and-groove 22-1, bolt is fastened on deicing lathe tool 22 except on ice bucket 21 through tongue-and-groove 22-1, can also move radially deicing lathe tool 22 by tongue-and-groove 22-1, ensures that ice removing machine is applicable to the transmission line 1 of different-diameter.
Described walking motor 4 and deicing motor 24A are upper with control system, directly control its start and stop advance and retreat by remote controller.
Described lower bearing bracket hangs the left right balanced storage battery of guaranteed ice removing machine for 3 times, and in order to walk, motor 4 and deicing motor 24A provide electric energy.
The position of the position that described walking motor 4 is fixing and deicing motor 24A is with respect to transmission line 1 both sides symmetry.
Compared to the prior art, the utlity model has following advantage:
1, the utility model adopts two groups of supporting constructions, one group of supporting construction is made up of a fixed lever and an axial motion bar, be respectively the positive transport wheel support being fixed on upper bracket and be movably fixed to the driven road wheel support composition on lower bearing bracket, fixed lever top is provided with positive transport wheel, drive whole ice removing machine walking, the driven road wheel on motion bar top is played a supporting role, and back-moving spring can ensure that two road wheels clamp according to transmission line diameter is different.
2, the utility model adopts tower structure, alleviates ice removing machine weight, can make turning trash ice directly drop simultaneously, avoids accumulating on ice removing machine.Adopt deicing lathe tool turning icing, the spiral resistance advancing in process is little; Deicing lathe tool is made simple, can regulate radial position to use different high-tension line demands.The ice remover length adopting is enough, can the large ice sheet of turning thickness under the prerequisite that enough power is provided.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is main TV structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is tail support section side-looking structural representation.
Fig. 3 is middle part supporting section sectional structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 opens sectional structure schematic diagram except ice bucket supporting section is 45° angle.
Fig. 5 is deicing lathe tool mounting structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is deicing lathe tool perspective view.
Fig. 7 is except ice bucket perspective view.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 4 and Figure 5, the utility model turning formula overhead transmission line ice removing machine, formed by a frame, frame is divided into upper bracket 2 and lower bearing bracket 3 two parts, and deicing unit is by the first lower supporting plate 18A and the second lower supporting plate 18B, the first upper backup pad 19A and the second upper backup pad 19B, episphere bearing 20A and lower semisphere bearing 20B, above except ice bucket 21A with form except ice bucket 21B, deicing lathe tool 22, travelling gear 23, deicing motor 24A, deicing motor base 24B down, upper except ice bucket 21A and lower to ice bucket 21B two parts, locate and ensure by episphere bearing 20A and lower semisphere bearing 20B and normally rotate except ice bucket 21, episphere bearing 20A is fixed on parallel the first upper backup pad 19A and the second upper backup pad 19B, lower semisphere bearing 20B is fixed on parallel the first lower supporting plate 18A and the second lower supporting plate 18B, two being fixed on except on the end face of ice bucket 21 of being centrosymmetric with reeded deicing lathe tool 22 use bolts, deicing motor 24A is fixed on deicing motor base 24B, by travelling gear 23 with cog except ice bucket 21 engage to drive and rotate except ice bucket 21, make deicing lathe tool 22 rotate turning icing, except the through hole at ice bucket 21 centers transports away the trash ice of excision.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, walking unit is made up of the motor 4 of walking, motor flywheel 5, positive transport wheel support 6, driving chain 7, positive transport wheel 8, positive transport wheel flywheel 9, driven road wheel 10, driven road wheel support 11, front back-moving spring 12A; Walking motor 4 is fixed on upper bracket 2 tops, the position of position and deicing motor is with respect to transmission line 1 both sides symmetry, drive positive transport wheel 8 to walk on transmission line 1 by motor flywheel 5, driving chain 7, positive transport wheel flywheel 9, the front back-moving spring 12A tension of driven road wheel support 11 use, ensure that positive transport wheel 8 and driven road wheel 10 clamp transmission line 1, increasing friction force, prevents that ice removing machine from skidding.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, stabilization element is made up of upper center rest 13, upper pinch wheels 14, middle back-moving spring 12B, first time pinch wheels 15A and second time pinch wheels 15B, fastening spring 16, first time center rest 17A and second time center rest 17B; Upper center rest 13 makes pinch wheels 14 clamp transmission line 1 under middle back-moving spring 12B effect, first time center rest 17A and second time center rest 17B make first time pinch wheels 15A and second time pinch wheels 15B clamp transmission line 1 under fastening spring 16 effects, when circuit diameter changes, three pinch wheels clamp circuit all the time under spring-force driven dual, three travel(l)ing rests ensure that central lines of track can not change and be offset with circuit diameter, the high-tension line of self adaptation different-diameter.
As described in Figure 6, as preferred implementation of the present utility model, on deicing lathe tool 22, there is tongue-and-groove 22-1, bolt carries out fastening through tongue-and-groove 22-1, can also move radially deicing lathe tool 22 by tongue-and-groove 22-1, make the distance of two lathe tools allow variation within the specific limits, ensure that ice removing machine is applicable to the transmission line 1 of different-diameter.
As shown in Figure 7, locate respectively episphere bearing 20A and lower semisphere bearing 20B except ice bucket 21 end face bolts hole are used for 22, two grooves of fastening deicing lathe tool, also play a supporting role, remove ice bucket 21 and rotate except the gear on ice bucket 21 engage drive with travelling gear 23.
As preferred implementation of the present utility model, what the start and stop of ice removing machine relied on is Long-distance Control mode, on be expert at motor 4 and deicing motor 24A, is accompanied with control system, advances and retreat by the start and stop of remote controller direct control unit device; Below frame, hang storage battery and provide electric energy for motor, arranging of storage battery ensures ice removing machine left and right balance, can also make whole machine center move down, and increases stability.
In addition, in figure, the 15th, lower pinch wheels; The 20th, hemisphere bearing; The 17th, lower center rest.

Claims (5)

1. a turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine, is characterized in that: by upper bracket (2), lower bearing bracket (3) and be arranged on upper bracket (2) and lower bearing bracket (3) in deicing unit, walking unit, stabilization element form;
Described deicing unit comprises the upper backup pad and the lower supporting plate that are separately fixed on upper bracket (2) and lower bearing bracket (3), by hemisphere bearing (20) be movably fixed between upper backup pad and lower supporting plate except ice bucket (21), it is described except ice bucket (21) is by the upper ice bucket (21A) and lower to ice bucket (21B) formation that removes, and be stuck in transmission line (1) surface, be fixed with deicing lathe tool (22) upper except ice bucket (21A) and the lower end surface symmetric that removes ice bucket (21B), also comprise the deicing motor (24A) being fixed on deicing motor base (24B), described deicing motor (24A) drives except ice bucket (21) rotation with the engaging of gear except on ice bucket (21) by travelling gear (23), and then make deicing lathe tool (22) rotate the icing on turning transmission line (1),
Described walking unit comprises the walking motor (4) being fixed on upper bracket (2), the positive transport wheel (8) being connected with walking motor (4) by driving chain (7), described positive transport wheel (8) is fixed on upper bracket (2) by positive transport wheel support (6); Also comprise by driven road wheel support (11) and be movably fixed to the driven road wheel (10) on lower bearing bracket (3), it is upper that described driven road wheel (10) is also fixed on lower bearing bracket (3) by front back-moving spring (12A), ensures that described positive transport wheel (8) and driven road wheel (10) clamp transmission line (1);
Described stabilization element is arranged between walking unit and deicing unit, comprise the upper center rest (13) being movably fixed on upper bracket (2), be fixed on the upper pinch wheels (14) on center rest (13), it is upper that described upper center rest (13) is fixed on upper bracket (2) by middle back-moving spring (12B), and pinch wheels in guarantee (14) clamps transmission line (1), also comprise and be fixed on the first time center rest (17A) and the second time center rest (17B) that on lower bearing bracket (3), are preset angles, be separately fixed at first time pinch wheels (15A) and second time pinch wheels (15B) on first time center rest (17A) and second time center rest (17B), between described first time center rest (17A) and second time center rest (17B), be connected with fastening spring (16), under the effect of fastening spring (16), make first time pinch wheels (15A) and second time pinch wheels (15B) clamp transmission line (1).
2. a kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on described deicing lathe tool (22), have tongue-and-groove (22-1), bolt is fastened on deicing lathe tool (22) except on ice bucket (21) through tongue-and-groove (22-1), can also move radially deicing lathe tool (22) by tongue-and-groove (22-1), ensure that ice removing machine is applicable to the transmission line of different-diameter (1).
3. a kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described walking motor (4) and deicing motor (24A) are upper with control system, directly controls its start and stop advance and retreat by remote controller.
4. a kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the lower left right balanced storage battery of guaranteed ice removing machine that hangs of described lower bearing bracket (3), in order to walk, motor (4) and deicing motor (24A) provide electric energy.
5. a kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the position of the position that described walking motor (4) is fixing and deicing motor (24A) is with respect to transmission line (1) both sides symmetry.
CN201420421997.3U 2014-07-29 2014-07-29 A kind of turning formula overhead transmission line deicing machine CN204012595U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105870867A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-08-17 国家电网公司 Automatic deicing equipment for power lines
CN105896442A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-08-24 富阳鸿祥技术服务有限公司 Deicing mechanism on single high voltage power line
CN106058774A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-10-26 杭州启澄科技有限公司 High-voltage anti-icing device based on wire drawing power generation
CN107887873A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-04-06 国家电网公司 A kind of self-propelled power circuit barrier clearing device
CN110086115A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-08-02 国家电网有限公司 A kind of power grid transmission line inspection device of view-based access control model
CN110311341A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-10-08 王治安 A kind of automation overhead line deicing robot
CN111244868A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-05 中国矿业大学 Cable deicing robot and deicing method thereof

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105870867A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-08-17 国家电网公司 Automatic deicing equipment for power lines
CN105896442A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-08-24 富阳鸿祥技术服务有限公司 Deicing mechanism on single high voltage power line
CN106058774A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-10-26 杭州启澄科技有限公司 High-voltage anti-icing device based on wire drawing power generation
CN105896442B (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-07-11 国网浙江永康市供电公司 A kind of deicing mechanism on single high-voltage line
CN106058774B (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-11-24 台州环洋机电有限公司 A kind of high-tension bus-bar anti-icing equipment to be generated electricity based on wire drawing
CN107887873A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-04-06 国家电网公司 A kind of self-propelled power circuit barrier clearing device
CN107887873B (en) * 2017-11-15 2019-12-10 国家电网公司 Self-propelled power line clearance sacrifice device
CN110086115A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-08-02 国家电网有限公司 A kind of power grid transmission line inspection device of view-based access control model
CN110311341A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-10-08 王治安 A kind of automation overhead line deicing robot
CN111244868A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-05 中国矿业大学 Cable deicing robot and deicing method thereof
CN111244868B (en) * 2020-03-19 2021-01-05 中国矿业大学 Cable deicing robot and deicing method thereof

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GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141210

Termination date: 20150729