CN204004268U - A kind of field stalk is collected immediately, pulverizing, forming integrated machine - Google Patents

A kind of field stalk is collected immediately, pulverizing, forming integrated machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204004268U
CN204004268U CN201420377679.1U CN201420377679U CN204004268U CN 204004268 U CN204004268 U CN 204004268U CN 201420377679 U CN201420377679 U CN 201420377679U CN 204004268 U CN204004268 U CN 204004268U
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China
Prior art keywords
power
integrated machine
forming
transmission
crushing
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420377679.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李骅
鲜洁宇
钱燕
钱有张
尹文庆
况少华
姜伟强
熊敏
黄红亮
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Nanjing Agricultural Univ
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Nanjing Agricultural Univ
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Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

Straw collecting, pulverizing, a forming integrated machine that field is instant, is characterized in that comprising power input shaft, pick-up mechanism, conveyor belt, crushing mechanism, forming machanism, vehicle frame, V band wheels, cone gear group, connection set etc.; Described integrated machine pick-up mechanism is located in frame shell, and the back shaft in the middle of pick-up mechanism is connected on frame shell by bearing; And crushing mechanism, forming machanism are fixed on frame shell by shredder supporting frame and briquetting machine supporting frame respectively; When described collection, pulverizing, forming integrated machine work, by tractor-drawn, the power of pto=power take-off output is as the total output of integrated machine after tractor; Power input shaft on integrated machine is connected with the pto=power take-off of tractor, respectively power is sent to pick-up mechanism, crushing mechanism, forming machanism by belt wheel.

Description

A kind of field stalk is collected immediately, pulverizing, forming integrated machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of for the results rice straw of latter airing 3-5 days in field, can be stalk fuel by the rice straw collection of 20% left and right of moisture content in field, pulverizing, compound stalk forming, relate in particular to that a kind of field stalk is collected immediately, pulverizing, forming integrated machine, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technique
Along with non-renewable resources constantly reduce, be now badly in need of a kind of new energy and replace renewable energy sources.A large amount of stalks that the every annual meeting of China produces, but waste situation is very severe, if by straw fuel made, the stalk fuel of moulding and coal facies ratio, its volatilization is few, and black smoke is few, burning is lasting, and therefore replacing non-renewable energy resources with straw briquette fuel is problems extremely with researching value.Present stage, China's straw briquette fuel process of producing was to arrive first in field, to collect stalk and then deliver to and pulverize processing factory and pulverize through transportation depot, and the particle after pulverizing is delivered to stalk forming factory through transportation depot again and carried out compound stalk forming and be processed as stalk fuel.Transport is in this course very loaded down with trivial details, not only wastes time and energy, and also needs stalk and stalk particle to store.
Summary of the invention
For addressing the above problem, the purpose of this utility model, just in order to solve above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provides the instant straw collecting in a kind of field, pulverizing, forming integrated machine.
For addressing the above problem, the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: straw collecting, pulverizing, forming integrated machine that a kind of field is instant, is characterized in that comprising power input shaft, pick-up mechanism, conveyor belt, crushing mechanism, forming machanism, vehicle frame, V band wheels, cone gear group, connection set etc.; Described integrated machine pick-up mechanism is located in frame shell, and the back shaft in the middle of pick-up mechanism is connected on frame shell by bearing; And crushing mechanism, forming machanism are fixed on frame shell by shredder supporting frame and briquetting machine supporting frame respectively; When described collection, pulverizing, forming integrated machine work, by tractor-drawn, the power of pto=power take-off output is as the total output of integrated machine after tractor; Power input shaft on integrated machine is connected with the pto=power take-off of tractor, respectively power is sent to pick-up mechanism, crushing mechanism, forming machanism by belt wheel.
Instant straw collecting, pulverizing, its pick-up mechanism of forming integrated machine in a kind of field of the present utility model comprises reel spring tine mechanism, Qu Dao, conveyor belt rotating shaft and frame shell; Back shaft and conveyor belt rotating shaft in the middle of reel spring tine mechanism are connected on frame shell by bearing respectively, all can rotate; Er Qu road is directly fixed in frame shell and cannot rotates, and in the groove between the elastic claw Cong Qu road on reel spring tine mechanism, stretches out, and forms interlaced form to facilitate the running of reel elastic claw; Stalk that elastic claw picks up is convenient to along its surperficial down sliding in bent road, then by conveyor belt, stalk is delivered in crushing mechanism.
Instant straw collecting, pulverizing, the bearing of its support reel elastic claw axle of forming integrated machine and the bearing of support belt axle in a kind of field of the present utility model is 2, is arranged on respectively the both sides of frame shell; Elastic claw on reel spring tine mechanism is fixed in the U-shaped groove in reel, and can produce certain resiliently deformable.
Instant straw collecting, pulverizing, its crushing mechanism of forming integrated machine in a kind of field of the present utility model comprises a pair of tooth plate, a sieve, a fan and 8 groups of hammer leaves; Hammer slice axis is connected on disintegrator shell by pair of bearings, and a pair of tooth plate is separately fixed at shredder upper half part, and sieve is fixed on shredder lower half portion, and fan is arranged in the fan room on shredder side, and fan room bottom is connected with shredder bottom.Fan rotates to form negative pressure, by chippy stalk particle sucking-off, is transported in forming machanism by connection set.
Instant straw collecting, pulverizing, its forming machanism of forming integrated machine in a kind of field of the present utility model comprises a pair of roller, material distributing disc, template and discharge port, the position of two rollers is about template center's line symmetry, the center line of material distributing disc overlaps with the center line of template, and is positioned at template top; Template is fixed on the bottom of briquetting machine housing, and stalk particle is under the extruding of roller and template, and final molding is discharged by discharge port.
In the instant straw collecting in a kind of field of the present utility model, pulverizing, forming integrated machine one pair of rollers, bearing is housed respectively, roller in the time that self axis rotates also around template center's line revolution; What forming machanism adopted in addition is flat-die briquetting technique.
It has a shredder supporting frame, briquetting machine supporting frame, bevel gear supporting frame and a pair of wheels hub the instant straw collecting in a kind of field of the present utility model, pulverizing, forming integrated machine above vehicle frame; On vehicle frame, have axis hole, axle two ends are connected with V belt wheel with bevel gear respectively; Crushing mechanism and forming machanism are bolted respectively and are fixed on shredder supporting frame and briquetting machine supporting frame simultaneously.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
Thereby instant straw collecting, pulverizing, its power transmission of forming integrated machine in a kind of field of the present utility model realized and reached the required working speed of Mei Zhong mechanism compared with the gearing down of big speed ratio by the different V belt wheel of 6 packet sizes; Realize the change of transmission direction by 3 groups of cone gears, turn round normally thereby realize whole mechanism; Its power input shaft is completed primary speed-down and transmission of power is arrived to bevel gear set by band wheels, and bevel gear set completes 2 grades when changing transmission direction slows down and transmission of power is arrived to being with wheels, thereby drives crushing mechanism to carry out work; Band wheels complete three grades of acceleration transmission of power are arrived to crushing mechanism, thereby make crushing mechanism obtain required rotating speed and power; Its band wheels by transmission of power to bevel gear set, bevel gear set change complete primary speed-down when transmission direction and by transmission of power to band wheels, band wheels complete 2 grades of decelerations finally by transmission of power to forming machanism, make forming machanism obtain required rotating speed and power.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is structure plan view of the present utility model.
Wherein: 1, power input shaft; 2, conveyor belt; 3, crushing mechanism; 4, forming machanism; 5, discharge port; 6, briquetting machine supporting frame; 7, shredder supporting frame; 8, nave boss; 9, V belt wheel 10, bevel gear supporting frame; 11, vehicle frame; 12, V band wheels; 13, frame shell; 14, carry tape spool; 15, back shaft; 16, pick-up mechanism; 17, reel spring tine mechanism; 18, Qu Dao; 19, cone gear group; 20, cone gear group; 21, V band wheels 22, V are with wheels; 23, V band wheels; 24, V band wheels; 25, cone gear group; 26, fan; 27, sieve; 28, hammer leaf; 29, tooth plate; 30, connection set; 31, roller; 32, material distributing disc; 33, template.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of field stalk is collected immediately, pulverizing, forming integrated machine, and its principal organ comprises power input shaft 1, pick-up mechanism 16, conveyor belt 2, crushing mechanism 3, forming machanism 4, vehicle frame 11, V band wheels (9,12,21,22,23,24), cone gear group (19,20,25), connection set 23 etc.Described integrated machine pick-up mechanism 16 is located in frame shell 13, and the back shaft 15 in the middle of pick-up mechanism 16 is connected on frame shell 13 by bearing, and crushing mechanism 3, forming machanism 4 are fixed on vehicle frame 11 by shredder supporting frame 7 and briquetting machine supporting frame 6 respectively; When collection, pulverizing, forming integrated machine work, by tractor-drawn, the power of pto=power take-off output is as the total output of integrated machine after tractor; Power input shaft 1 on integrated machine is connected with the pto=power take-off of tractor, respectively power is sent to pick-up mechanism 16, crushing mechanism 3, forming machanism 4 by V belt wheel (9,12,21,22,23,24).
Instant straw collecting, pulverizing, its pick-up mechanism of forming integrated machine in a kind of field of the present utility model comprises reel spring tine mechanism 17, bent road 18, back shaft 15, conveyor belt rotating shaft 14, frame shell 13, be arranged on respectively frame shell two ends with the back shaft of reel spring tine mechanism and the bearing of carrying tape spool to be connected, when work, can rotate, bent road is directly fixed on frame shell two ends, when work, can not rotate.
Instant straw collecting, pulverizing, its crushing mechanism of forming integrated machine in a kind of field of the present utility model comprises tooth plate 29, hammer leaf 28, sieve 27 and fan 26, a pair of tooth plate is positioned at crushing mechanism upper end, sieve aperture is positioned at shredder lower end, fan is positioned at the fan room on shredder side, and fan room bottom communicates with shredder bottom; When work, fan rotates the negative pressure producing the stalk particle sucking-off falling by sieve, is sent to forming machanism 4 via connection set 30.
Instant straw collecting, pulverizing, its forming machanism of forming integrated machine in a kind of field of the present utility model comprises a pair of roller 31, material distributing disc 32, template 33 and discharge port 5, stalk particle is evenly distributed in template by material distributing disc, roller is suppressed stalk particle according to the shape in hole in template, and the stalk briquette being extruded is discharged by discharge port again.
Instant straw collecting, pulverizing, its driving mechanism of forming integrated machine in a kind of field of the present utility model comprises 6 groups of belt wheels 9,12,21,22,23,24 and cone gear group 19,20,25, thereby realized and reached the required working speed of Mei Zhong mechanism compared with the gearing down of big speed ratio by the different belt wheel of 6 packet sizes; Realize the change of transmission direction by 3 groups of cone gears, turn round normally thereby realize whole mechanism.
When work, power input shaft 1 is connected with tractor output shaft by universal joint, tractor output shaft sends power to integrated machine, integrated machine input shaft 1 is connected with belt wheel, power is being passed to respectively pick-up mechanism 16, crushing mechanism 3 and forming machanism 4 by band wheels and bevel gear honor, thereby drives three mechanisms normally to move.Pick-up mechanism gets up the straw field pickup in field to flow to crushing mechanism 3 by conveyor belt 2 again and pulverize, and the stalk of pulverizing by blower fan sucking-off, is transported to and in forming machanism 4, is carried out final compound stalk forming by connection set after sieve screening.Compressing stalk fuel is discharged by discharge port 5 again.
Below disclose the utility model with better enforcement, so it is not in order to limit the utility model, all take to be equal to replace or technological scheme that equivalent transformation obtains, all drop in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

  1. Field stalk immediately collect, pulverizing, a forming integrated machine, its principal organ comprises power input shaft (1), pick-up mechanism (16), conveyor belt (2), crushing mechanism (3), forming machanism (4), vehicle frame (11), V band wheels (9,12,21,22,23,24), cone gear group (19,20,25), connection set (23) etc.; Described integrated machine pick-up mechanism (16) is located in frame shell (13), it is upper that back shaft (15) in the middle of pick-up mechanism (16) is connected to frame shell (13) by bearing, and crushing mechanism (3), forming machanism (4) are fixed on vehicle frame (11) by shredder supporting frame (7) and briquetting machine supporting frame (6) respectively; When collection, pulverizing, forming integrated machine work, by tractor-drawn, the power of pto=power take-off output is as the total output of integrated machine after tractor; Power input shaft (1) on integrated machine is connected with the pto=power take-off of tractor, respectively power is sent to pick-up mechanism (16), crushing mechanism (3), forming machanism (4) by V belt wheel (9,12,21,22,23,24).
  2. A kind of field according to claim 1 stalk immediately collect, pulverizing, forming integrated machine, it is characterized in that pick-up mechanism (16) comprises reel spring tine mechanism (17), bent road (18), conveyor belt rotating shaft (14) and frame shell (13); It is upper that back shaft (15) in the middle of reel spring tine mechanism (17) and conveyor belt rotating shaft (14) are connected to frame shell (13) by bearing respectively, all can rotate; Er Qu road (18) is directly fixed in frame shell (13) and cannot rotates, in groove between elastic claw Cong Qu road (18) on reel spring tine mechanism (17), stretch out, form interlaced form to facilitate the running of reel elastic claw; Stalk that elastic claw picks up is convenient to along its surperficial down sliding in bent road (18), then by conveyor belt (2), stalk is delivered in crushing mechanism (3).
  3. A kind of field according to claim 1 stalk immediately collect, pulverizing, forming integrated machine, it is characterized in that the bearing that is connected with back shaft (15) and the bearing of support belt axle (14) are 2, are separately fixed at the two ends of frame shell (13); Elastic claw on reel spring tine mechanism (17) is fixed in the U-shaped groove in reel, and can produce certain resiliently deformable; Described crushing mechanism (3) comprises a pair of tooth plate (29), a sieve (27), a fan (26) and 8 groups of hammer leaves (28); Hammer slice axis is connected on disintegrator shell by pair of bearings, a pair of tooth plate (29) is separately fixed at shredder upper half part, sieve (27) is fixed on shredder lower half portion, fan (26) is arranged in the fan room on shredder side, and fan room bottom is connected with shredder bottom; Fan (26) rotates to form negative pressure, by chippy stalk particle sucking-off, is transported in forming machanism (4) by connection set (30).
  4. A kind of field according to claim 1 stalk immediately collect, pulverizing, forming integrated machine, it is characterized in that forming machanism (4) comprises a pair of roller (31), material distributing disc (32), template (33) and discharge port (5), the position of two rollers (31) is about template center's line symmetry, the center line of material distributing disc (32) overlaps with the center line of template (33), and is positioned at template (33) top; Template (33) is fixed on the bottom of briquetting machine housing, and stalk particle is under the extruding of roller (31) and template (33), and final molding is discharged by discharge port (5); In described a pair of roller (31), bearing is housed respectively, roller (31) also revolves round the sun around template (33) center line in the time that self axis rotates; What forming machanism (4) adopted in addition is flat-die briquetting technique.
  5. A kind of field according to claim 1 stalk immediately collect, pulverizing, forming integrated machine, it is characterized in that vehicle frame (11) has a shredder supporting frame (7), a briquetting machine supporting frame (6), bevel gear supporting frame (10) and pair of wheels hub (8) above; Vehicle frame has axis hole on (10), and axle two ends are connected with V belt wheel with bevel gear respectively; Crushing mechanism (3) and forming machanism (4) are bolted respectively and are fixed on shredder supporting frame (7) and briquetting machine supporting frame (6) simultaneously.
  6. A kind of field according to claim 1 stalk immediately collect, pulverizing, forming integrated machine, it is characterized in that integrated machine power transmission by the different belt wheel of 6 packet sizes (9,12,21,22,23,24) thus realize and reach the required working speed of Mei Zhong mechanism compared with the gearing down of big speed ratio; Realize the change of transmission direction by 3 groups of cone gears (19,20,25),
    Thereby realizing whole mechanism turns round normally; Described power input shaft (1) is completed primary speed-down and transmission of power is arrived to bevel gear set (25) by band wheels (23), bevel gear set (25) completes 2 grades when changing transmission direction slows down and transmission of power is arrived to band wheels (24), thereby drives crushing mechanism to carry out work.
  7. 7. straw collecting according to claim 1, pulverize, forming integrated machine, it is characterized in that power input shaft (1) completes one-level by band wheels (22) and accelerates and transmission of power is arrived to bevel gear set (19), bevel gear set (19) completes 2 grades and accelerates and transmission of power is arrived to band wheels (12) when changing transmission direction, band wheels (12) complete three grades of acceleration transmission of power are arrived to crushing mechanism, thereby make crushing mechanism obtain required rotating speed and power and described band wheels (12) by transmission of power to bevel gear set (20), bevel gear set (20) change complete primary speed-down when transmission direction and by transmission of power to band wheels (9), band wheels (9) complete 2 grades of decelerations finally by transmission of power to forming machanism, make forming machanism obtain required rotating speed and power.
CN201420377679.1U 2014-07-07 2014-07-07 A kind of field stalk is collected immediately, pulverizing, forming integrated machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN204004268U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104061305A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-09-24 南京农业大学 Field straw immediate collecting, smashing and forming all-in-one machine
CN104476799A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-01 苏州青青生态种植园 Pressing block molding equipment for straw crushing production line
CN104604445A (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-05-13 孟令启 Straw field returning device
CN108551897A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-09-21 陆林娣 A kind of automatic collect of stalk smashes locomotive and its application method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104061305A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-09-24 南京农业大学 Field straw immediate collecting, smashing and forming all-in-one machine
CN104476799A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-01 苏州青青生态种植园 Pressing block molding equipment for straw crushing production line
CN104604445A (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-05-13 孟令启 Straw field returning device
CN108551897A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-09-21 陆林娣 A kind of automatic collect of stalk smashes locomotive and its application method

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
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Granted publication date: 20141210

Effective date of abandoning: 20170926