CN203986045U - A kind of methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house - Google Patents

A kind of methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203986045U
CN203986045U CN201420472062.8U CN201420472062U CN203986045U CN 203986045 U CN203986045 U CN 203986045U CN 201420472062 U CN201420472062 U CN 201420472062U CN 203986045 U CN203986045 U CN 203986045U
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China
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methyl alcohol
baking vessel
curing house
heat
tobacco flue
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420472062.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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卢小贤
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卢小贤
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house, comprise baking vessel, supply hot cell and dewatering station, between described baking vessel and confession hot cell, be provided with ventilating opening and lower ventilating opening, in described baking vessel, be provided with the tobacco leaf frame of some extension tobacco leaves, and baking vessel's wall be provided with shutter moisture exhausting port; Indoor methyl alcohol combustion-type heater and the circulating fan of being provided with of described heat supply, described methyl alcohol combustion-type heater is arranged on circulating fan below; The bottom of described dewatering station is communicated with the shutter moisture exhausting port of described baking vessel, the top of described dewatering station is communicated with the described upper end for hot cell, in dewatering station, be provided with dewater unit, drainage arrangement and intake and automatically regulate mouth, described drainage arrangement is located at dewater unit below, and described intake regulates mouth to be located on dewatering station's wall automatically.The utility model utilizes methyl alcohol for the energy, and cost is low, there is no flue dust and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions, thereby reaches the requirement of energy-conserving and environment-protective, and the heat secondary utilization rate reclaiming after dehydration can reach 20%.

Description

A kind of methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house, belongs to flue-curing device field.
Background technology
Flue-cured tobacco is a kind of special product, and it is that Mature Tobacco Leaves sheet is carried out to preliminary working in specific roasting plant, forms specific inherent quality dry its quality of fixing.In flue-cured tobacco preparation technology, tobacco leaf is inner can there are a series of biochemical variations, dehydrates this process need lot of energy simultaneously.The general fashion of energy consumption is: by heating element heater, produce heat energy, by heat dissipation equipment, heat the air in barn again, hot-air does work to tobacco leaf, leaf temperature is raise, moisture loss is to leaf surface, and then vaporization is in air, forms damp-heat air and discharges outside tobacco flue-curing house, lasting heat makes blade high temperature drying.In practice, heat exhaustion at least comprises: tobacco leaf temperature raises and aqueous vapor vaporization heat dissipation, enters after the cold air heating of tobacco flue-curing house from exhaust outlet discharge damp-heat air heat dissipation, tobacco flue-curing house enclosed structure and smoke hanging shelf heat dissipation etc.
In Tobacco Leaf Curing, heat dissipation is divided into effective heat dissipation and invalid heat dissipation.Effectively heat dissipation is mainly used to impel evaporation and the eliminating of moisture content in leaves.In general, in bake process, the required actual heat of every eliminating 1Kg moisture is theoretical 2.778-4.505 times.The tobacco flue-curing house thermal efficiency is at 22.2%-36.0%, and invalid heat dissipation is mainly radiation loss.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house, and this tobacco flue-curing house can effectively be saved energy, not only cost-saving, and non-exhaust emission, environmentally safe.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technology of the present utility model by the following technical solutions:
A kind of methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house, comprise baking vessel, supply hot cell and dewatering station, between described baking vessel and confession hot cell, be provided with ventilating opening and lower ventilating opening, in described baking vessel, be provided with the tobacco leaf frame of some extension tobacco leaves, and baking vessel's wall be provided with shutter moisture exhausting port; Indoor methyl alcohol combustion-type heater and the circulating fan of being provided with of described heat supply, described methyl alcohol combustion-type heater is arranged on circulating fan below; The bottom of described dewatering station is communicated with the shutter moisture exhausting port of described baking vessel, the top of described dewatering station is communicated with the described upper end for hot cell, in dewatering station, be provided with dewater unit, drainage arrangement and intake and automatically regulate mouth, described drainage arrangement is located at dewater unit below, and described intake regulates mouth to be located on dewatering station's wall automatically.
Further, described methyl alcohol combustion-type heater comprises head, the first heating box, radiator, the second heating box and blast pipe, described head is connected with the first heating box, described radiator two ends connect respectively the first heating box and the second heating box, and described blast pipe is located at the second heating box tail end; In described head, be provided with methanol burner, described methanol burner is connected with cartridge.
Further, described radiator two ends are that seamless riveting mouth mode is connected with the second heating box with the first heating box respectively, and riveting mouth formula junction also scribbles biological glue sealing, thereby reach gastight effects of energy conservation and environmental protection, after tobacco flue-curing, without any peculiar smell, keep the former savory of tobacco leaf simultaneously.
Further, described radiator comprises some radiating copper aluminum finned tubes, and described radiating copper aluminum finned tube surrounds the radiator of described hollow-core construction, good heat dissipation effect.
Further, described dewater unit comprises dehydration blower fan and dehydration bend pipe, and described dehydration blower fan is located at described dehydration bend pipe top, and described dehydration bend pipe is provided with water inlet switch, water inlet, effluent switch and delivery port.
Further, described drainage arrangement comprises cistern, draining pump and drainpipe, and described cistern is located at subsurface, and described draining pump is located in described cistern, and described drainpipe connects described draining pump.
Further, in described baking vessel, be provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor.
Further, the utility model also comprises PLC controller, described methyl alcohol combustion-type heater, Temperature Humidity Sensor, intake regulate mouth, water inlet switch, effluent switch, circulating fan, electrical heating machine and dehydration blower fan to be all connected with described PLC controller automatically, and controlled by PLC controller.
Further, described shutter moisture exhausting port is located at top or the bottom on described baking vessel wall.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect the utlity model has is:
(1) the utility model utilizes methyl alcohol for clean energy resource, low for tobacco flue-curing cost, there is no flue dust and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions, thereby reaches the requirement of energy-conserving and environment-protective;
(2) dewater unit of the present utility model can be separated with moisture by the heat of discharging when hydrofuge, thereby reach the object reusing after heat recovery, not only can be by air circulation utilization, and can really for tobacco grower, save the cost of baking tobacco leaves, the heat secondary utilization rate reclaiming after dehydration can reach 20%;
(3) can realize Based Intelligent Control, accurately control technical process, improve flue cured tobacco quality class, reduction in the numbers of seconds, reduces labour intensity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model preferred embodiment;
Fig. 2 supplies the right view in hot cell in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the methyl alcohol combustion-type heater of the utility model preferred embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional structure schematic diagram of methyl alcohol combustion-type heater in Fig. 3.
In figure: 1-baking vessel; 2-is for hot cell; 3-dewatering station; The upper ventilating opening of 4-; Ventilating opening under 5-; 6-tobacco leaf frame; 7-shutter moisture exhausting port; 8-methyl alcohol combustion-type heater; 81-head; 82-the first heating box; 83-radiator; 84-the second heating box; 85-blast pipe; 86-methanol burner; 87-cartridge; 88-radiating copper aluminum finned tube; 89-fin; 9-circulating fan; The 10-blower fan that dewaters; The 11-bend pipe that dewaters; 12-cistern; 13-draining pump; 14-drainpipe; 15-intake regulates mouth automatically; 16-water inlet switch; 17-effluent switch.
The specific embodiment
For allowing the more clear and intuitive understanding the utility model of those skilled in the art, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
As Fig. 1 ~ 4 are depicted as preferred embodiment of the present utility model.
A kind of methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house, comprise baking vessel 1, supply hot cell 2 and dewatering station 3, between baking vessel 1 and confession hot cell 2, be provided with ventilating opening 4 and lower ventilating opening 5, in baking vessel 2, be provided with tobacco leaf frame 6 and the Temperature Humidity Sensor (not shown) of some extension tobacco leaves, and baking vessel 1 wall top and the bottom are provided with shutter moisture exhausting port 7; For in hot cell 2, be provided with methyl alcohol combustion-type heater 8 and circulating fan 9, methyl alcohol combustion-type heater 8 is arranged on circulating fan 10 belows; The bottom of dewatering station 3 is communicated with the shutter moisture exhausting port 7 of baking vessel 1, the upper end in the Yu Gong hot cell, top 2 of dewatering station 3 is communicated with, and is provided with dehydration blower fan 10, dehydration bend pipe 11, cistern 12, draining pump 13, drainpipe 14 and intake and automatically regulates mouth 15 in dewatering station 3; Cistern 12 is located at the subsurface of dehydration bend pipe 11 belows, draining pump 13 is located in cistern 12, drainpipe 14 connects draining pump 13, intake regulates mouth 15 to be located on dewatering station's 3 walls automatically, dehydration blower fan 10 is located at dehydration bend pipe 11 tops, and is respectively equipped with water inlet switch 16 and effluent switch 17 on the water inlet of dehydration bend pipe 11 and delivery port.
Methyl alcohol combustion-type heater 8 comprises head 81, the first heating box 82, radiator 83, the second heating box 84 and blast pipe 85, head 81 is connected with the first heating box 82, radiator 83 two ends connect respectively the first heating box 82 and the second heating box 84, and blast pipe 85 is located at the second heating box 84 tail ends; In head 81, be provided with methanol burner 86, methanol burner 86 is connected with cartridge 87; Radiator 83 two ends are that seamless riveting mouth mode is connected with the second heating box 84 with the first heating box 82 respectively, and riveting mouth formula junction also scribbles biological glue sealing, thereby reach gastight effects of energy conservation and environmental protection; Radiator 83 comprises some radiating copper aluminum finned tubes 88, and radiating copper aluminum finned tube 88 surrounds the radiator 83 of hollow-core construction, and radiating copper aluminum finned tube 88 tube walls are provided with the fin 89 of evagination.
In addition, in order to realize intelligent automatic control of the present utility model, the utility model is also provided with PLC controller (not shown), methyl alcohol combustion-type heater 8, circulating fan 9, dehydration blower fan 10, intake automatically regulate mouth 15, water inlet switch 16, effluent switch 17 and Temperature Humidity Sensor to be all connected with PLC controller, and controlled by PLC controller.

Claims (9)

1. a methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house, it is characterized in that: comprise baking vessel, supply hot cell and dewatering station, between described baking vessel and confession hot cell, be provided with ventilating opening and lower ventilating opening, in described baking vessel, be provided with the tobacco leaf frame of some extension tobacco leaves, and baking vessel's wall be provided with shutter moisture exhausting port; Indoor methyl alcohol combustion-type heater and the circulating fan of being provided with of described heat supply, described methyl alcohol combustion-type heater is arranged on circulating fan below; The bottom of described dewatering station is communicated with the shutter moisture exhausting port of described baking vessel, the top of described dewatering station is communicated with the described upper end for hot cell, in dewatering station, be provided with dewater unit, drainage arrangement and intake and automatically regulate mouth, described drainage arrangement is located at dewater unit below, and described intake regulates mouth to be located on dewatering station's wall automatically.
2. methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described methyl alcohol combustion-type heater comprises head, the first heating box, radiator, the second heating box and blast pipe, described head is connected with the first heating box, described radiator two ends connect respectively the first heating box and the second heating box, and described blast pipe is located at the second heating box tail end; In described head, be provided with methanol burner, described methanol burner is connected with cartridge.
3. methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described radiator two ends are that seamless riveting mouth mode is connected with the second heating box with the first heating box respectively, and riveting mouth formula junction also scribbles biological glue sealing.
4. methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described radiator comprises some radiating copper aluminum finned tubes, and described radiating copper aluminum finned tube surrounds the radiator of described hollow-core construction.
5. methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described dewater unit comprises dehydration blower fan and dehydration bend pipe, described dehydration blower fan is located at described dehydration bend pipe top, and described dehydration bend pipe is provided with water inlet switch, water inlet, effluent switch and delivery port.
6. methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described drainage arrangement comprises cistern, draining pump and drainpipe, described cistern is located at subsurface, and described draining pump is located in described cistern, and described drainpipe connects described draining pump.
7. methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 6, is characterized in that: in described baking vessel, be provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor.
8. methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: also comprise PLC controller, described methyl alcohol combustion-type heater, Temperature Humidity Sensor, intake regulate mouth, water inlet switch, effluent switch, circulating fan, electrical heating machine and dehydration blower fan to be all connected with described PLC controller automatically, and controlled by PLC controller.
9. methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described shutter moisture exhausting port is located at top or the bottom on described baking vessel wall.
CN201420472062.8U 2014-08-21 2014-08-21 A kind of methyl alcohol heat-supply type tobacco flue-curing house Expired - Fee Related CN203986045U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105054271A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-11-18 深圳市赛维沃科技有限公司 Alcohol group fuel tobacco curing house
CN105266187A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-01-27 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Tobacco curing barn with floor heating using alcohol-based fuel
CN105361231A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-02 深圳市赛维沃科技有限公司 Hot-gas fin tobacco curing barn making use of alcohol-base fuel
CN105361232A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-02 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Cyclically solar-heated tobacco curing barn
CN105476056A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-04-13 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Alcohol-based fuel type radiator tobacco curing barn with heat-insulation walls
CN106539120A (en) * 2017-01-21 2017-03-29 段钧元 A kind of improved tobacco flue-curing house

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105054271A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-11-18 深圳市赛维沃科技有限公司 Alcohol group fuel tobacco curing house
CN105266187A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-01-27 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Tobacco curing barn with floor heating using alcohol-based fuel
CN105361231A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-02 深圳市赛维沃科技有限公司 Hot-gas fin tobacco curing barn making use of alcohol-base fuel
CN105361232A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-02 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Cyclically solar-heated tobacco curing barn
CN105476056A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-04-13 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Alcohol-based fuel type radiator tobacco curing barn with heat-insulation walls
CN106539120A (en) * 2017-01-21 2017-03-29 段钧元 A kind of improved tobacco flue-curing house
CN106539120B (en) * 2017-01-21 2018-07-10 段钧元 A kind of improved tobacco flue-curing house

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141210

Termination date: 20170821

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee