CN203960077U - A kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer - Google Patents

A kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203960077U
CN203960077U CN201420362319.4U CN201420362319U CN203960077U CN 203960077 U CN203960077 U CN 203960077U CN 201420362319 U CN201420362319 U CN 201420362319U CN 203960077 U CN203960077 U CN 203960077U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transverse arm
tank
flitch
helical stir
roll
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420362319.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘应平
吴桂英
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SICHUAN XINSHENG BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SICHUAN XINSHENG BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420362319.4U priority Critical patent/CN203960077U/en
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Publication of CN203960077U publication Critical patent/CN203960077U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer, comprise screen-dividing machine, mixer and crusher, the raw material that crusher is pulverized is led in stock chest by charging guide plate, the raw material of screen-dividing machine sorting is also transported in stock chest by the first worm conveyor, and the raw material that collects in stock chest is sent in the tank body of mixer and is mixed by the second worm conveyor again, the automatization that has realized pulverizing, sub-sieve and mixed, can mix raw material fast, has advantages of that energy consumption is lower and cost is less.

Description

A kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer.
Background technology
The technical process of composite fertilizer production line can be divided into conventionally: preparation of raw material, raw material stirring, raw material granulation, particle are dried, particle is cooling, gradation, finished product coating, end product packing.In preparation of raw material operation, the particle diameter of various raw materials is had to different requirements, the fertilizer of existing various elements need to be pulverized, sub-sieve, remove impurity, make it to become mix and blend needed granular.There is following defect in existing screen-dividing machine: the one, and opening for feed is on top, and in sub-sieve process, material easily forms and stops up when entering sieve, and the 2nd, the material of screening can not enter next procedure automatically; Three raw materials that particle is larger when sub-sieve or owing to stacking reason and form the caking of raw material rest on compass screen surface when sub-sieve duration, have reduced the efficiency of sub-sieve.
Separately there is Chinese patent notification number to be: CN202214299U, the day for announcing is: the cage that rolls that 2012.5.9 discloses a kind of composite fertilizer sieves, mainly contain sieve, fine particle discharge port, finished product discharge port, macrobead discharge port, is characterized in that: described sieve fine particle sieve, finished product sieve from charging are connected as a single entity; Macrobead screen overflow feed opening is corresponding up and down with macrobead discharge port.When rolling the rolling of cage sieve, fine particle and fine powder drop down onto rotary conveyor through fine particle discharge port, deliver to compound fertilizer granulating system as raw material; Finished product drops down onto rotary conveyor through finished product discharge port and delivers to lower road coating operation; And macrobead enters macrobead discharge port from its screen overflow feed opening, drop down onto rotary conveyor and deliver to further fragmentation of crushing system.When raw material is carried out to sub-sieve, screen cloth easily stops up, and is difficult for breaing up carries out sub-sieve for the raw material of caking.
Also have China Patent No. " 201220159802.3 " to disclose a kind of composite fertilizer blending device, its open day is on January 2nd, 2013, its technical scheme is that described composite fertilizer blending device comprises support, tank body, opening for feed, discharge port, agitator motor, whipping appts, described tank body is rack-mount, agitator motor is positioned on tank body, whipping appts is positioned at tank interior, whipping appts is connected with agitator motor by connecting rod, opening for feed is positioned at tank body top, described opening for feed is comprised of two semicircle removable covers, two rotating machines are positioned at the tank body left and right sides, rotating machine is connected with tank body by revolving bar.But in actual use, also there is following defect in this patent: one, due to the deadweight of tank body itself and the various raw materials in tank body, while making batch mixing, the quality of tank body is very heavy, but in this patent, during batch mixing, tank body is by two rotating machine driven rotary, and such structure needs high-power rotating machine can drive tank body rotation, not only causes the energy consumption of blending device large, also cause the production cost of composite fertilizer higher, also have baroque shortcoming simultaneously.Raw material during two, due to batch mixing in tank body is more, and the axial line of stir shaft and tank body is perpendicular, and raw material produces larger pressure to stir shaft and agitating vane under the effect of gravity, exists whipping appts and starts the difficult and flimsy problem of appearance.Three, whipping appts can stir fast agitating vane through the raw material in region, but raw material in other region is difficult to effectively be stirred under the effect of gravity, causes the Blending Efficiency of Blending of raw material poor.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the defect of above-mentioned prior art, the utility model provides a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer, this equipment will be worked continuously to the pulverizing of material or raw material, sub-sieve and conglomerate integration, pulverizer can strike off and be attached to material on breaker roll in broken material, the high-level efficiency that guarantees material is broken, material enters screen cloth, can not cause screen plugging, screening can enter mixed processes automatically with the material of pulverizing, during mixing, material can stir raw material along inner tank wall circumferential direction and direction from bottom to top simultaneously, reaches the object that mixes fast raw material.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
An equipment of preparing composite fertilizer, comprises screen-dividing machine, crusher and mixer, it is characterized in that: described screen-dividing machine comprises material screening device and material conveying device; Described material screening device comprises motor one, cylindrical screen and hopper; Described motor one drives cylindrical screen to rotate around its axis, and one end of described cylindrical screen is provided with annular opening for feed, and described hopper coordinates with annular opening for feed, in cylindrical screen, send material; Described material conveying device comprises blanking bin, the first worm conveyor, stock chest, the bottom of described blanking bin is communicated with worm conveyor, the top of blanking bin coordinates with described cylindrical screen, for accepting the material of cylindrical screen sub-sieve, the discharge end of described worm conveyor is connected with stock chest;
Described mixer comprises tank body, motor two, the second worm conveyor and whipping appts, described tank body top is provided with opening for feed, bottom is provided with discharge port, the import of described the second worm conveyor is connected with stock chest, the outlet of described the second worm conveyor is connected with the opening for feed on tank body top, described motor two is fixedly installed on top, tank body outside, and described whipping appts is arranged in tank body, and described motor two-way over-driving device drives the whipping appts in tank body to stir material;
Described crusher comprises crusher frame, on described crusher frame, be fixedly installed feeding warehouse, breaker roll, motor, scraper and charging guide plate, described feeding warehouse is fixedly installed on breaker roll top, and described charging guide plate is inclined at breaker roll below, and described charging guide plate is connected with stock chest; Described breaker roll comprises drive roll and driven roll, the two ends of described drive roll and the two ends of driven roll are fixed on central rack by bearing respectively, one end of drive roll is connected with motor by belt pulley, the other end meshes by gear and driven roll, described scraper comprises two material scraping plates, and the both sides that two material scraping plates are inclined at breaker roll are for striking off the material sticking on drive roll and driven roll.
Described drive unit comprises rotation axis, support tube, transverse arm one and transverse arm two; Described whipping appts comprises helical stir axle one and helical stir axle two; Described transverse arm one and transverse arm two are horizontally installed on the top in tank body, described rotation axis is vertically arranged on the top in tank body, one end of rotation axis is connected with the clutch end of motor two, the other end is connected with transverse arm two with transverse arm one respectively by cone gear, described helical stir axle one and helical stir axle two are inclined in tank body, and the upper end of helical stir axle one is connected to the end of transverse arm one by cone gear, the upper end of helical stir axle two is connected to the end of transverse arm two by cone gear; Described support tube comprises lateral brace cylinder and is vertically fixed on the vertical supporting cylinder on lateral brace cylinder, described vertical supporting cylinder permanent sleeve is located at outside rotation axis, described lateral brace jacket casing is located on transverse arm one and transverse arm two, and in lateral brace cylinder, is provided with for supporting the bearing of transverse arm one and transverse arm two; During batch mixing, rotation axis drives support tube rotation, and drives helical stir axle one and two rotations of helical stir axle by transverse arm one and transverse arm two simultaneously.
The end of described transverse arm one is connected with gear shaft one by cone gear, and described helical stir axle one is fixedly connected with gear shaft one by flange; The end of described transverse arm two is connected with gear shaft two by cone gear, and described helical stir axle two is fixedly connected with gear shaft two by flange.
The axial line of described helical stir axle one is parallel with inner tank wall, and the axial line of described helical stir axle two is parallel with inner tank wall, and the length of helical stir axle one is greater than the length of helical stir axle two.
Described headstock gear comprises connecting cylinder, the active catch flitch that is provided with fixed stop flitch in described connecting cylinder and rotates around connecting cylinder axial line, and active catch flitch is arranged on fixed stop flitch below, and fixed stop flitch coordinates with active catch flitch opens or closes discharge port.
Described fixed stop flitch and active catch flitch include three fanning strips, three fanning strips in fixed stop flitch are evenly arranged in connecting cylinder, three fanning strips in active catch flitch are fixedly connected with in aggregates, and be connected with turning handle on any fanning strip in active catch flitch, while opening discharge port, three fanning strips on active catch flitch and three fanning strips in fixed stop flitch coincide same facing in projection plane, while closing discharge port, three fanning strips on active catch flitch and three fanning strips in fixed stop flitch same face in projection plane, form circular.
The inwall of described cylindrical screen is axially arranged with stiffening web along it, and described stiffening web protrudes from the inwall of cylindrical screen, and the height that described stiffening web protrudes from the inwall of cylindrical screen is 2cm-5cm, and the both sides of described stiffening web are respectively equipped with thorn sheet.
Described scraper also comprises many adjusting screw(rod)s, many adjusting screw(rod)s are symmetricly set on the both sides of two material scraping plates, one end of described adjusting screw(rod) is by nut fixed frame, the other end is arranged on the scarp of material scraping plate, adjusting screw(rod) coordinates the gap regulating between material scraping plate and breaker roll with material scraping plate, the two ends of described material scraping plate are connected in frame by connection piece, and described connection piece is arranged on the bottom on material scraping plate scarp, and described adjusting screw(rod) is arranged on the top on material scraping plate scarp.
The bearing at described drive roll two ends is fixed in frame, and the bearing at described driven roll two ends is fixed in frame by adjusting bolt, and the adjusting bolt at driven roll two ends coordinates the distance regulating between drive roll and driven roll.
The two ends of described breaker roll are provided with backgauge dividing plate, and described backgauge dividing plate is fixed on feeding warehouse.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, the utility model is prepared the device of composite fertilizer, comprise screen-dividing machine, crusher and mixer, the raw material that crusher is pulverized and the raw material of screen-dividing machine sorting all enter stock chest, the entrance end of the second worm conveyor is connected with stock chest, its exit end is connected with the opening for feed of mixer, therefore the raw material that crusher is pulverized and the raw material of screen-dividing machine sorting are all sent into mixer by the second worm conveyor, thereby realized pulverizing, sub-sieve and the automatization mixing, wherein material is inputted in cylindrical screen by annular opening for feed in hopper, cylindrical screen motor dynamic action under rotation material is carried out to sub-sieve, because the one end at cylindrical screen is provided with annular opening for feed, material enters in cylindrical screen can not form obstruction, because material screening device is connected with worm conveyor by blanking bin, material after sub-sieve is by the first worm conveyor input stock chest, and while using for mixer, tank body need not rotate, and adopts a motor just can mix fast raw material, have advantages of that energy consumption is lower and cost is less.In addition, be arranged on the support tube outside rotation axis and transverse arm, can either provide firm support to transverse arm, can prevent that again raw material from entering the junctions such as cone gear mixer is caused to damage, be conducive to improve stability and the work-ing life of mixer, also for crusher of the present utility model, owing on drive roll and driven roll, rotating vane not being set, drive roll and driven roll are smooth breaker roll, add the cooperation of the material scraping plate that is arranged on breaker roll both sides, material after fragmentation can be fallen on charging guide plate fast, said structure can strike off and be attached to material on breaker roll in broken material, can either prevent the solid accumulation in crusher, the high-level efficiency that has guaranteed again material is broken, and fragmentation falls into the material into crusher completely, crusher after fragmentation is completed is cleaner and tidier, not only alleviated the cleaning before next broken material, can also avoid crusher to stop up.In addition, the two ends of described drive roll and the two ends of driven roll are fixed on central rack by bearing respectively, one end of drive roll is connected with motor by belt pulley, the other end meshes by gear and driven roll, make crusher just can complete efficiently broken work by a motor, the structure of crusher is simpler, more convenient to operate.
2, in the utility model, rotation axis is fixedly connected with support tube, rotation axis is connected with transverse arm two gears with transverse arm one respectively, transverse arm one is connected with helical stir axle two gears with helical stir axle one respectively with transverse arm two, such structure makes rotation axis when driving support tube and helical stir axle to move in a circle in tank body, and helical stir axle can rotation.Wherein, the helical stir axle moving in a circle can stir raw material, prevents raw material accumulation; The helical stir axle of two rotations and inclination can drive raw material to move from bottom to top, lower feed is in the process of moving upward, between two tilting screw stir shafts, the raw material on top moves to tank body lower part naturally, two kinds of rotating manners of helical stir axle match, can stir raw material along inner tank wall circumferential direction and direction from bottom to top simultaneously, thereby can fully raw material be mixed fast.In addition, adopt the structure of vertical screw-stirring axle, raw material is little to the pressure of helical stir axle, and stir shaft is not easy to damage, and the startup of mixer is also more prone to, and is conducive to significantly save production cost.
3, in the utility model, the end of described transverse arm one is connected with gear shaft one by cone gear, and described helical stir axle one is fixedly connected with gear shaft one by flange; The end of described transverse arm two is connected with gear shaft two by cone gear, described helical stir axle two is fixedly connected with gear shaft two by flange, this structure can provide stable support for the helical stir axle tilting, and guarantees the rotation smoothly when moving in a circle of helical stir axle.
4, in the utility model, the length of helical stir axle one is greater than the length of helical stir axle two, this structure can increase the stirring amplitude of helical stir axle to raw material, thereby raw material is stirred fast in tank body, with the axial line of helical stir axle one and helical stir axle two respectively the structure parallel with inner tank wall match, the mixing time that can significantly economize in raw materials and significantly improve the Blending Efficiency of Blending of raw material.
5, in the utility model, the structure that fixed stop flitch is arranged on connecting cylinder top has improved the bearing of headstock gear, and under the pressure of raw material, permanent use is not easy distortion, the life-span that makes that is conducive to improve headstock gear; And active catch flitch is arranged on the structure of connecting cylinder bottom, make the opening and closing of discharge port lighter, discharge port can be opened or close to the less power of artificial use just.
6, in the utility model, described fixed stop flitch and active catch flitch include three fanning strips, three fanning strips in fixed stop flitch are evenly arranged in connecting cylinder, three fanning strips in active catch flitch are fixedly connected with in aggregates, while opening discharge port, three fanning strips on active catch flitch and three fanning strips in fixed stop flitch coincide same facing in projection plane, while closing discharge port, three fanning strips on active catch flitch and three fanning strips in fixed stop flitch same face in projection plane, form circular, closure after this structure is closed discharge port is better, can effectively prevent the raw material seepage in tank body, be conducive to the homogeneity that guarantees that raw material mixes.By turning handle, make the open and close of discharge port simpler.
7, the inwall of cylindrical screen of the present utility model is axially arranged with stiffening web along it, described stiffening web protrudes from the inwall of cylindrical screen, stiffening web can make the structure of cylindrical screen more firm, especially for caking comparatively loose in raw material, when cylindrical screen rotary sieve, because stiffening web protrudes from the inwall of cylindrical screen, loose caking constantly collides with stiffening web in cylindrical screen, thereby by the material scattering of caking and then carry out sub-sieve, be conducive to the sorting of material.The height that stiffening web protrudes from the inwall of cylindrical screen is 2cm-5cm, can guarantee the sub-sieve requirement of cylindrical screen to material, can ensure again the material scattering of caking and then carry out sub-sieve.
8, the both sides of stiffening web of the present utility model are respectively equipped with thorn sheet, and for the larger material of cake strength, cylindrical screen is when rotary sieve, by thorn sheet, caking is punctured, under the cooperation of stiffening web, more easily smashed simultaneously, and then sub-sieve, make the raw material after sub-sieve enter next procedure.
9, in the utility model, described scraper also comprises many adjusting screw(rod)s, one end of described adjusting screw(rod) is by nut fixed frame, the other end is arranged on the scarp of material scraping plate, adjusting screw(rod) coordinates the gap regulating between material scraping plate and breaker roll with material scraping plate, at material scraping plate, wear and tear too much in the situation that, can regulate rapidly the obliquity of material scraping plate by adjusting screw(rod), make material scraping plate energy continuously effective and strike off the material being attached on breaker roll, guaranteed crushing efficiency.The two ends of described material scraping plate are connected in frame by connection piece, described connection piece is arranged on the bottom on material scraping plate scarp, described adjusting screw(rod) is arranged on the top on material scraping plate scarp, and this structure makes the adjusting in gap between material scraping plate and breaker roll more simple and convenient.
10, in the utility model, the bearing at described drive roll two ends is fixed in frame, the bearing at described driven roll two ends is fixed in frame by adjusting bolt, the adjusting bolt at driven roll two ends coordinates the distance regulating between drive roll and driven roll, this structure makes crusher can on demand material be broken into the particle of different sizes, and the scope of application is wider.
11, in the utility model; the two ends of described breaker roll are provided with backgauge dividing plate; by backgauge dividing plate, can prevent that not broken material is scattered from breaker roll two ends; can avoid material waste; in described frame, be fixedly installed the protective guard for the protection of gear; by protective guard, can avoid foreign material to enter between gear, gear is formed to protection, be conducive to extend the work-ing life of gear.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is screen-dividing machine structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is that A-A of Fig. 2 is to view;
Fig. 4 is mixer structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the discharge port of mixer of the present utility model headstock gear while opening;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the discharge port of mixer of the present utility model headstock gear while closing.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of crusher of the present utility model;
Fig. 8 is the plan structure schematic diagram without feeding warehouse of crusher of the present utility model;
Fig. 9 is the right TV structure schematic diagram without feeding warehouse of crusher of the present utility model.
Mark in figure: a, screen-dividing machine, b, mixer, c, crusher, 1, frame, 2, motor one, 3, rotating shaft, 4, cylindrical screen, 5, hopper, 6, blanking bin, 7, the first worm conveyor, 8, stock chest, 9, stiffening web, 10, thorn sheet, 11, annular opening for feed, 12, the second worm conveyor, 13, tank body, 14, motor two, 15, rotation axis, 16, transverse arm one, 17, transverse arm two, 18, helical stir axle one, 19, helical stir axle two, 20, opening for feed, 21, discharge port, 22, cone gear, 23, lateral brace cylinder, 24, vertical supporting cylinder, 25, bearing, 26, gear shaft one, 27, gear shaft two, 28, connecting cylinder, 29, fixed stop flitch, 30, active catch flitch, 31, fanning strip, 32, turning handle, 33, service platform, 34, cover plate, 35, guardrail, 36, vision slit, 37, crusher frame, 38, feeding warehouse, 39, motor three, 40, charging guide plate, 41, drive roll, 42, driven roll, 43, bearing, 44, belt pulley, 45, gear, 46, material scraping plate, 47, adjusting screw(rod), 48, connection piece, 49, adjusting bolt, 50, backgauge dividing plate, 51, protective guard.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail:
Embodiment 1
As shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 9, a kind of device of preparing composite fertilizer, comprises screen-dividing machine a, mixer b and crusher c, and described screen-dividing machine a comprises material screening device and material conveying device; Described material screening device comprises motor 2, rotating shaft 3, cylindrical screen 4 and hopper 5; Described rotating shaft 3 is positioned on the axis of cylindrical screen (center), described rotating shaft 3 drives cylindrical screen 4 to rotate around its axis, described motor 2 is connected with rotating shaft 3, starter motor 2, motor 2 drives rotating shaft 3 to rotate, rotating shaft 3 drives cylindrical screen 4 to rotate, and to adding material (composite fertilizer material) wherein to carry out sub-sieve; One end of described cylindrical screen 4 is provided with annular opening for feed 11, described hopper 5 coordinates with annular opening for feed 11, in cylindrical screen 4, send material, and the opening for feed of hopper 5 stretches into annular opening for feed 11, and hopper 5 is skewed, material can enter in tubular screen cloth 4 automatically;
Above-mentioned material conveying device comprises blanking bin 6, the first worm conveyor 7, stock chest 8, described blanking bin both ends open Shang Xia 6, the material channel forming, the bottom of blanking bin 6 is communicated with the first worm conveyor 7, the top of blanking bin 6 coordinates with described cylindrical screen 4, the top that is blanking bin 6 is undertaken on cylindrical screen 4 leakage material parts, for accepting the material of cylindrical screen 4 sub-sieves, the first worm conveyor 7 is connected with stock chest 8, the first worm conveyor 7 is accepted sub-sieve material, by transmitting screw rod, material is sent into stock chest 8, to get ready with operation (as sent in mixing machine each raw material is mixed by worm conveyor again, thereby make composite fertilizer),
It should be noted that and also include frame 1, material screen screening device and material conveying device are all fixed in frame 1.
Described mixer comprises tank body 13, motor 2 14, the second worm conveyor 12 and whipping appts, described tank body 13 tops are provided with opening for feed 20, bottom is provided with discharge port 21, the import of described the second worm conveyor 12 is connected with stock chest 8, the outlet of described the second worm conveyor 12 is connected (as shown in Figure 1 with the opening for feed 20 on tank body 13 tops, the material of screen-dividing machine sorting is sent in tank body 13 and is stirred by the second worm conveyor 12), described motor 2 14 is fixedly installed on the top, outside of tank body 13, described whipping appts is arranged in tank body 13, described motor 2 14 drives the whipping appts in tank body 13 to stir material by drive unit.
Comprise crusher frame 37, on described crusher frame 37, be fixedly installed feeding warehouse 38, breaker roll, motor village 39, scraper and charging guide plate 40, described feeding warehouse 38 is fixedly installed on breaker roll top, described charging guide plate 40 is inclined at breaker roll below, and described charging guide plate 40 is connected with stock chest 8; Described breaker roll comprises drive roll 41 and driven roll 42, the two ends of the two ends of described drive roll 41 and driven roll 42 are fixed on crusher frame 37 middle parts by bearing 43 respectively, one end of drive roll 41 is connected with motor 3 39 by belt pulley 44, the other end is by gear 45 and driven roll 42 engagements, described scraper comprises that both sides that 46, two material scraping plates 46 of two material scraping plates are inclined at breaker roll are for striking off the material sticking on drive roll 41 and driven roll 42.
The raw material that it should be noted that crusher pulverizing is led in stock chest 8 by charging guide plate 40, the raw material of screen-dividing machine sorting is also transported in stock chest 8 by the first worm conveyor 7, and the raw material that collects in stock chest 8 is sent in the tank body 13 of mixer and mixed by the second worm conveyor 12 again.
Drive unit in mixer comprises rotation axis 15, support tube, transverse arm 1 and transverse arm 2 17; Described whipping appts comprises helical stir axle 1 and helical stir axle 2 19; On discharge port 21, be fixedly connected with and be useful on the headstock gear of opening or closing discharge port; Described transverse arm 1 and transverse arm 2 17 are horizontally installed on the top in tank body 13, described rotation axis 15 is vertically arranged on the top in tank body 13, one end of rotation axis 13 is connected with the clutch end of motor 20, the other end is connected with transverse arm 2 17 with transverse arm 1 respectively by cone gear 22, described helical stir axle 1 and helical stir axle 2 19 are inclined in tank body 13, and the upper end of helical stir axle 1 is connected to the end of transverse arm 1 by cone gear 22, the upper end of helical stir axle 2 19 is connected to the end of transverse arm 2 17 by cone gear 22; Described support tube comprises lateral brace cylinder 23 and is vertically fixed on the vertical supporting cylinder 24 on lateral brace cylinder, described vertical supporting cylinder 24 permanent sleeves are located at outside rotation axis 15, described lateral brace cylinder 23 is set on transverse arm 1 and transverse arm 2 17, and in lateral brace cylinder 23, is provided with for supporting the bearing 25 of transverse arm 1 and transverse arm 2 17; During batch mixing, rotation axis 15 drives support tube to circle, and driving transverse arm 1 and transverse arm 2 17 to circle by cone gear 22 simultaneously, transverse arm 1 and transverse arm 2 17 drive respectively helical stir axle 1 and helical stir axle 2 19 to rotate by cone gear 22 again.
In the present embodiment, the end of described rotation axis 15 is provided with cone gear 22, one end of described transverse arm 1 is provided with cone gear 22, one end of described transverse arm 2 17 is provided with cone gear 22, and the cone gear 22 of rotation axis 15 ends meshes with the cone gear 22 of transverse arm 1 and the cone gear of transverse arm 2 17 22 respectively; The other end of transverse arm 1 is connected with cone gear 22 and gear shaft 1, helical stir axle 1 is fixedly connected with gear shaft 1 by flange, the other end of transverse arm 2 17 is connected with cone gear 22 and gear shaft 2 27, and helical stir axle 2 19 is fixedly connected with gear shaft 2 27 by flange.By the cone gear 22 at the cone gear 22 on rotation axis 15, transverse arm 1 and transverse arm 2 17 two ends, realized and stirred turning to of power and being obliquely installed of helical stir axle.
For mixer, further, the two ends of described lateral brace cylinder 23 are bent to form kink downwards, and gear shaft 1 and gear shaft 2 27 are all positioned at kink, so that protect better the tie point of transverse arm and gear shaft.
In the present embodiment, for mixer, described tank body 13 tops are provided with cover plate 34 and service platform 33, described service platform 33 arranges along tank body 13 top circumference, service platform 13 is provided with guardrail 35 around, on described cover plate 34, be provided with vision slit 36, described motor 2 14 and opening for feed 20 are all arranged on cover plate 34, and cover plate 34 is positioned at service platform 33 tops.
In the present embodiment, for mixer, described headstock gear comprises connecting cylinder 28, the active catch flitch 30 that is provided with fixed stop flitch 29 in described connecting cylinder 28 and rotates around connecting cylinder axial line, active catch flitch 30 is arranged on the below of fixed stop flitch 29, and the gap between active catch flitch 30 and fixed stop flitch 29 is very little, fixed stop flitch 29 coordinates with active catch flitch 30 opens or closes discharge port.Further, described fixed stop flitch 29 and active catch flitch 30 include three fanning strips 31, three fanning strips 31 in fixed stop flitch 29 are evenly arranged in connecting cylinder 28, three fanning strips 31 in active catch flitch 30 are fixedly connected with in aggregates, and be connected with turning handle 32 on any fanning strip 31 in active catch flitch 30, while opening discharge port, three fanning strips 31 on active catch flitch 30 coincide same facing in projection plane with three fanning strips 31 in fixed stop flitch 29, while closing discharge port, three fanning strips 31 in three fanning strips on active catch flitch 30 31 and fixed stop flitch 29 same face in projection plane, form circular.Wherein, on the axial line of connecting cylinder 28, be provided with fixed link, on the barrel of connecting cylinder 28, be provided with the guide groove rotating for turning handle 32, fixed link is fixed on connecting cylinder 28 inwalls, in fixed stop flitch 29, the central part of three fanning strips 31 is fixed on the same plane of fixed link, arc is fixed on the inwall of connecting cylinder 28, and in active catch flitch 30, the central part of three fanning strips 31 is fixed on same bearing, and is located on fixed link by this bearing housing.Like this, by turning handle 32, just can rotate active catch flitch 30 in light and fast ground, realize the quick unlatching of discharge port 21 or close.
For screen-dividing machine, further, when raw material carries out sub-sieve, raw material likely lumps in storage, when sub-sieve, the raw material of caking can constantly be assembled at cylindrical screen 4, cause the interior block raw material of cylindrical screen 4 to increase, affect its minute screen capacity, thereby along it, be axially arranged with stiffening web 9 at the inwall of cylindrical screen 4, described stiffening web 9 protrudes from the inwall of cylindrical screen 4, and (or stiffening web 9 is L-shaped, be that protrusion direction is along the radially protrusion of cylindrical screen 4), the height that stiffening web protrudes from the inwall of cylindrical screen is 2cm-5cm, stiffening web 9 can make the structure of cylindrical screen 4 more firm, especially for caking comparatively loose in raw material, when cylindrical screen rotary sieve, because stiffening web protrudes from the inwall of cylindrical screen, loose caking is continuous and stiffening web collision in cylindrical screen, thereby by the material scattering of caking and then carry out sub-sieve, be conducive to the sorting of material.
For screen-dividing machine, further, for the larger material of cake strength, to be smashed, and then sub-sieve, therefore in the both sides of stiffening web 9, be respectively equipped with thorn sheet 10, cylindrical screen 4 is when rotary sieve, by 10 pairs of cakings of thorn sheet, puncture, under the cooperation of stiffening web, more easily smashed simultaneously, and then sub-sieve, in cylindrical screen 4, just can not assemble material, result in blockage, impact minute screen capacity.
In the utility model, for crusher, described scraper also comprises many adjusting screw(rod)s 47, many adjusting screw(rod)s 47 are symmetricly set on the both sides of two material scraping plates 46, one end of described adjusting screw(rod) 47 is by nut fixed frame 1, the other end is arranged on the scarp of material scraping plate 46, and adjusting screw(rod) 47 coordinates the gap regulating between material scraping plate 46 and breaker roll with material scraping plate 46.
For crusher, further, the two ends of described material scraping plate 46 are connected on crusher frame 37 by connection piece 48, and described connection piece 48 is arranged on the bottom on material scraping plate 46 scarp, and described adjusting screw(rod) 47 is arranged on the top on material scraping plate 46 scarp.
For crusher, further, the quantity of described adjusting screw(rod) 47 is 6, and 6 adjusting screw(rod)s 47 are symmetricly set on respectively the both sides of breaker roll, and 3 adjusting screw(rod)s 47 of breaker roll both sides are separately positioned on two ends and the middle part of material scraping plate 46.
For crusher, in the present embodiment, the bearing 7 at described drive roll 5 two ends is fixed in frame 1 by standing bolt, the bearing 43 at described driven roll 6 two ends is fixed on crusher frame 37 by adjusting bolt 49, the zygomorphy of driven roll 42 every one end is provided with adjusting bolt 49, one end of described adjusting bolt 49 is through being fixed on the nut on crusher frame 37, the other end is supported on bearing 43, adjusting bolt 49 cooperations at driven roll 426 two ends are fixed on driven roll 42 on crusher frame 37, the distance that also can regulate between driven roll 42 and drive roll 41 by adjusting bolt 49 when needed.Further, in order to guarantee the stability of driven shaft on crusher frame 37, preferably on bearing 43, offer depressed part, the end portion supports of adjusting bolt 49 is in depressed part.
In the present embodiment, the two ends of described breaker roll are provided with backgauge dividing plate 50, and the top of described backgauge dividing plate 50 is fixed on feeding warehouse 38, and bottom is provided with the arc notch suitable with breaker roll shape.Like this, when backgauge dividing plate 50 is fixed on the top at breaker roll two ends, can effectively prevent material spilling.
In the present embodiment, be fixedly installed the protective guard 51 for the protection of gear 45 on described crusher frame 37, described protective guard 51 is fixedly connected on crusher frame 37 by connection piece 48.
Principle of work of the present utility model: the raw material after broken and sub-sieve enters in stock chest, the second worm conveyor is sent into the raw material in stock chest in the tank body of mixer and is stirred, and is mixed into composite fertilizer.

Claims (10)

1. an equipment of preparing composite fertilizer, comprises screen-dividing machine, crusher and mixer, it is characterized in that: described screen-dividing machine comprises material screening device and material conveying device; Described material screening device comprises motor one, cylindrical screen and hopper; Described motor one drives cylindrical screen to rotate around its axis, and one end of described cylindrical screen is provided with annular opening for feed, and described hopper coordinates with annular opening for feed, in cylindrical screen, send material; Described material conveying device comprises blanking bin, the first worm conveyor, stock chest, the bottom of described blanking bin is communicated with worm conveyor, the top of blanking bin coordinates with described cylindrical screen, for accepting the material of cylindrical screen sub-sieve, the discharge end of described worm conveyor is connected with stock chest;
Described mixer comprises tank body, motor two, the second worm conveyor and whipping appts, described tank body top is provided with opening for feed, bottom is provided with discharge port, the import of described the second worm conveyor is connected with stock chest, the outlet of described the second worm conveyor is connected with the opening for feed on tank body top, described motor two is fixedly installed on top, tank body outside, and described whipping appts is arranged in tank body, and described motor two-way over-driving device drives the whipping appts in tank body to stir material;
Described crusher comprises crusher frame, on described crusher frame, be fixedly installed feeding warehouse, breaker roll, motor, scraper and charging guide plate, described feeding warehouse is fixedly installed on breaker roll top, and described charging guide plate is inclined at breaker roll below, and described charging guide plate is connected with stock chest; Described breaker roll comprises drive roll and driven roll, the two ends of described drive roll and the two ends of driven roll are fixed on central rack by bearing respectively, one end of drive roll is connected with motor by belt pulley, the other end meshes by gear and driven roll, described scraper comprises two material scraping plates, and the both sides that two material scraping plates are inclined at breaker roll are for striking off the material sticking on drive roll and driven roll.
2. a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described drive unit comprises rotation axis, support tube, transverse arm one and transverse arm two; Described whipping appts comprises helical stir axle one and helical stir axle two; Described transverse arm one and transverse arm two are horizontally installed on the top in tank body, described rotation axis is vertically arranged on the top in tank body, one end of rotation axis is connected with the clutch end of motor two, the other end is connected with transverse arm two with transverse arm one respectively by cone gear, described helical stir axle one and helical stir axle two are inclined in tank body, and the upper end of helical stir axle one is connected to the end of transverse arm one by cone gear, the upper end of helical stir axle two is connected to the end of transverse arm two by cone gear; Described support tube comprises lateral brace cylinder and is vertically fixed on the vertical supporting cylinder on lateral brace cylinder, described vertical supporting cylinder permanent sleeve is located at outside rotation axis, described lateral brace jacket casing is located on transverse arm one and transverse arm two, and in lateral brace cylinder, is provided with for supporting the bearing of transverse arm one and transverse arm two; During batch mixing, rotation axis drives support tube rotation, and drives helical stir axle one and two rotations of helical stir axle by transverse arm one and transverse arm two simultaneously.
3. a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the end of described transverse arm one is connected with gear shaft one by cone gear, and described helical stir axle one is fixedly connected with gear shaft one by flange; The end of described transverse arm two is connected with gear shaft two by cone gear, and described helical stir axle two is fixedly connected with gear shaft two by flange.
4. a kind of device of preparing composite fertilizer according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the axial line of described helical stir axle one is parallel with inner tank wall, the axial line of described helical stir axle two is parallel with inner tank wall, and the length of helical stir axle one is greater than the length of helical stir axle two.
5. a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described headstock gear comprises connecting cylinder, the active catch flitch that is provided with fixed stop flitch in described connecting cylinder and rotates around connecting cylinder axial line, active catch flitch is arranged on fixed stop flitch below, and fixed stop flitch coordinates with active catch flitch opens or close discharge port.
6. a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described fixed stop flitch and active catch flitch include three fanning strips, three fanning strips in fixed stop flitch are evenly arranged in connecting cylinder, three fanning strips in active catch flitch are fixedly connected with in aggregates, and be connected with turning handle on any fanning strip in active catch flitch, while opening discharge port, three fanning strips on active catch flitch and three fanning strips in fixed stop flitch coincide same facing in projection plane, while closing discharge port, three fanning strips on active catch flitch and three fanning strips in fixed stop flitch same face in projection plane, form circular.
7. a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the inwall of described cylindrical screen is axially arranged with stiffening web along it, described stiffening web protrudes from the inwall of cylindrical screen, the height that described stiffening web protrudes from the inwall of cylindrical screen is 2cm-5cm, and the both sides of described stiffening web are respectively equipped with thorn sheet.
8. a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described scraper also comprises many adjusting screw(rod)s, many adjusting screw(rod)s are symmetricly set on the both sides of two material scraping plates, one end of described adjusting screw(rod) is by nut fixed frame, the other end is arranged on the scarp of material scraping plate, adjusting screw(rod) coordinates the gap regulating between material scraping plate and breaker roll with material scraping plate, the two ends of described material scraping plate are connected in frame by connection piece, described connection piece is arranged on the bottom on material scraping plate scarp, described adjusting screw(rod) is arranged on the top on material scraping plate scarp.
9. a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bearing at described drive roll two ends is fixed in frame, the bearing at described driven roll two ends is fixed in frame by adjusting bolt, and the adjusting bolt at driven roll two ends coordinates the distance regulating between drive roll and driven roll.
10. a kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the two ends of described breaker roll are provided with backgauge dividing plate, and described backgauge dividing plate is fixed on feeding warehouse.
CN201420362319.4U 2014-07-02 2014-07-02 A kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer Expired - Fee Related CN203960077U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420362319.4U CN203960077U (en) 2014-07-02 2014-07-02 A kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420362319.4U CN203960077U (en) 2014-07-02 2014-07-02 A kind of equipment of preparing composite fertilizer

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108358676A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-08-03 江西王品农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of heap feed bin of organic biofertilizer production
CN112047034A (en) * 2020-08-30 2020-12-08 湖南启农生物科技有限公司 Quantitative conveying device for producing compound microbial fertilizer

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108358676A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-08-03 江西王品农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of heap feed bin of organic biofertilizer production
CN112047034A (en) * 2020-08-30 2020-12-08 湖南启农生物科技有限公司 Quantitative conveying device for producing compound microbial fertilizer

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