CN203884514U - Pesticide applying device - Google Patents

Pesticide applying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203884514U
CN203884514U CN201320753541.2U CN201320753541U CN203884514U CN 203884514 U CN203884514 U CN 203884514U CN 201320753541 U CN201320753541 U CN 201320753541U CN 203884514 U CN203884514 U CN 203884514U
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China
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liquid
flow
air
box
control
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CN201320753541.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈田来
张立祯
吕荣波
顿宝红
马国江
陈永红
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陈田来
陈永红
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Abstract

The utility model provides a pesticide applying device. By applying the pesticide applying device, a pesticide is applied in a way of small grain diameter and concentrated particle spectrum, and can be effectively absorbed by targeted objects, so as not to be likely to be left and wasted; the pesticide applying device integrates a plurality of advantages such as pesticide saving, water saving, labor saving, energy saving, convenience and environmental protection, and relative to the prior art, enables the pesticide to be saved at least by over 30-70%; after the pesticide application is over, the amount of left pesticide liquid or left water can be effectively controlled and decreased up to over 25-50%; meanwhile, the rapid expanding propagation of a biological active pesticide in the natural state can be realized, so that the biological active pesticide reaches a maximum effective biological equivalent within shorter time, and the use cost is effectively lowered; therefore the device can be widely applied in the fields of agriculture, air humidification, hygiene disinfection, air pollution treatment and the like.

Description

A kind of device for administration of drugs
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device for administration of drugs, relate in particular to a kind of device for administration of drugs for agricultural chemicals.
Background technology
Along with economic develop rapidly, flat also having obtained of the people's material life liquid enriched greatly and meets.Yet, being accompanied by a feast for the eyes production & marketing supply, problem has had again new variation, and that is exactly day by day highlighting of food-safety problem.And Pesticide Residue is one of at present very serious food-safety problem.And the backwardness of agricultural chemicals device for administration of drugs, poor efficiency are to cause the main cause of the excessive use of agricultural chemicals and residue of pesticide.
The protection ground facilities such as agricultural greenhouse, greenhouse, shed are the main place that the crop protections such as vegetables or anti-season are produced; but it differs from land for growing field crops environment; in environment, air humidity is large; sick, insect pest is many; required pesticide spraying amount is large, spraying times is many, and spray insecticide in a large number frequently, not only can cause the residual of agricultural chemicals, also can cause air humidity in canopy to increase; promote conversely the growth of damage by disease and insect, vicious circle.Based on this, people urgently wish that pesticide supplying effect is good, frequently dispenser, the dispenser means that can not cause air ambient to worsen.And exist this urgent technical need except the protection such as agricultural greenhouse, greenhouse, shed ground facility, modern agriculture livestock culture factory due to fowl poultry by the space of stable breeding because fowl poultry is more, it is poor that air flow property flows, and epidemic situation often occurs.For avoiding epidemic situation, in breeding process, often to use the products such as antibiotic, disinfectant to fowl poultry is a large amount of, thereby also cause the agricultural product that cultivate out to have the problem of some element severe overweight.Therefore, in agricultural product cultivation places such as livestock culture factories, also exigence is a kind of can carry out sterilizing to livestock culture place effectively, reduce fowl epidemic disease of domestic animals feelings dangerous, thereby avoid a large amount of dispenser means of using the medicines such as antibiotic, disinfectant to cause some element of agricultural product to exceed standard of fowl poultry.
In the face of the above-mentioned urgent demand of China, in China market, still mainly to take the conventional back carried hand compression sprayer of the seventies and eighties design be principal mode for common agricultural pesticide application device, dispenser inefficiency, droplet is large, and grain spectrum is wider, fragile, run, emit, leak, drip phenomenon commonplace, expense medicine, expense liquid, easily cause environmental pollution, need manual operation, the amount of labour is large, human cost is high, easily cause agricultural chemicals dispenser personnel's pesticide poisoning under specific condition.Other type, as power driven sprayer, dispenser efficiency is higher, droplet is little compared with back carried hand compression sprayer, grain spectrum is wider, exist noise large, from great, operating environment is poor, need the shortcomings such as professional person keeps in repair.And some power sprayes that developed in recent years, dispenser efficiency is higher, and labour intensity decreases, and uses more convenient, but exist droplet grain spectrum wider, battery capacity is limited, and model brand is too many, the problems such as accessory is different not general, and rapid wear and expense are higher, are difficult to large scale application.
On the other hand; also there are mistaken ideas in China's prior art; mostly prior art all rests on to the mode of directly spraying insecticide on dispenser object; especially for non-volatile liquid and/or for the situation of specific dispenser target, prior art is the thinking to only have and medicine is directly sprayed onto in dispenser target to (as the crops in agricultural protection facility) just can obtains and not only save agricultural chemicals and have the effect that improves pesticide supplying effect of prejudice especially.But be uncared-forly, when agricultural chemicals is directly sprayed onto in dispenser target by the form with drop or medicinal powder, large and the inhomogeneous dead angle that also exists agricultural chemicals not arrive of particle diameter not only, thereby the actual absorption effect of dispenser target bad and easily cause the residual in a large number of agricultural chemicals, this spray prescription formula of prior art not only easily to cause a large amount of wastes of agricultural chemicals and easily cause the residual and excessive dispenser pollution to dispenser target place space of agricultural chemicals in dispenser target.
Based on this active demand, someone proposes to utilize the rotatable extract circle that a porous material makes or the fixedly liquid-sucking core with capillary suction ability constantly to extract liquid, recycling hot air extract circle or put on dispenser target by the gaseous flow that fixing liquid-sucking core capillarity makes liquid from extract circle or the formation of fixedly constantly overflowing liquid-sucking core contains ultra micro drug particles.Although comparing above-mentioned traditional spraying equipment, these technology there is better technique effect, but we find still to exist some drawbacks through use afterwards: the liquid-sucking core of making due to the extract circle that porous material is made or capillary materials is as necessary condition, when long-term use especially adopts the relatively poor agricultural chemicals species of dissolubility, undissolved some drugs molecule is easily stopped and stays in material by the micro-pore of porous material or liquid-sucking core, long-term use not only can cause the waste of medicine, also can cause the reduction of pesticide supplying effect, the fixedly liquid-sucking core that this drawback especially has a capillary suction ability for employing constantly extracts liquid, the spraying equipment of evaporation liquid, it is particularly serious that problem seems especially.
By the existing the problems referred to above of prior art, we see, a kind ofly than prior art, be more simple and easy to use, droplet is little, grain spectrum is concentrated, deposition and coverage density on object and the distributed mass comparatively ideal collection wide spectrum of liquid active principle on object, economize medicine, less manpower, environmental protection, energy-conservation, easy to use, the plurality of advantages low pollutions such as easy cleaning, low expense, the Novel pesticide application device of effective use seems particularly necessary for a long time, especially can life cycle longer, universality is higher, more convenient operation economy and the better Novel pesticide application device of pesticide supplying effect is badly in need of to solve current spraying equipment.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of simplicity of design, easy-to-use, droplet is little, grain spectrum is concentrated, the low pollution of the plurality of advantages such as the deposition of liquid active principle on object and the coverage density on object and distributed mass be comparatively ideal integrates wide spectrum, economize medicine, economize liquid, less manpower, environmental protection, energy-conservation, easy to use, easy cleaning, low expense, the Novel pesticide application device of effective use for a long time.
The creationary proposition of the application for this reason will be removed as the liquid raising device of necessary parts in first to file always, by the setting of sonic oscillation device and the improvement of other correlation means with optimize the preparation that contains ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow that realizes better effects if.
Summary of the invention of the present invention is as follows:
1, a device for administration of drugs, is characterised in that, comprises following structure:
Mist generating device, it comprises that one can receiving medical liquids and be its spray chamber and supersonic oscillations device to described liquid enforcement atomizing that provides atomization that space and institute's generation gaseous flow transfer passage occur, the oscillating element of this supersonic oscillations device is arranged to and described liquid fluid contact, so that described liquid is implemented to oscillation action, makes its atomization;
Air-flow conveying assembly, it comprises dynamic air-flow air-flow input module and air-flow output precision, wherein dynamic air-flow input module is when described supersonic oscillations device is constantly by described medical liquid atomizing, to the continuous supplying power air-flow of described spray chamber, described air-flow output precision, takes away the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles of described dynamic air-flow and the formation of described atomization liquid put in the environment at dispenser target place.
2, the device for administration of drugs as described in above-mentioned 1 technical scheme, is characterized in that:
The spray chamber of described mist generating device is arranged on the centre position of device for administration of drugs, described supersonic oscillations device is arranged on the bottom of spray chamber, at the described spray chamber opposite side relative with bellows, described mist generating device also arranges a fluid storage tank, this fluid storage tank by be arranged on liquid to be atomized on the right wall of the spray chamber being adjacent for entrance to described spray chamber feed flow; Described dynamic air-flow input module comprises that one is arranged on the bellows in spray chamber left side, bellows are provided with the air-inlet grille of dynamic air-flow, in bellows, be provided with pressure fan, the dynamic air-flow that bellows provide is by the dynamic air-flow input port input spray chamber on the left wall of spray chamber being adjacent, at the gaseous flow equipped at outlet port that is positioned at spray chamber top, described air-flow output precision is set, the gaseous flow that contains drug particles that spray chamber is generated is sent outside device for administration of drugs; In the bottom of described bellows, be provided with a base that is supported on device for administration of drugs bottom, it is provided with the entrance of the dynamic air-flow being in communication with the outside, its inside is formed with air channel, bottom, and while being provided with work in this air channel, have used heat to produce and need the electric component of heat radiation, this air channel is by controlled being communicated with described bellows fluid; Preferably, this electric component includes the voltage-stablizer of described supersonic oscillations device; Further preferred, electric component also comprises drive motors and required electric control element and the circuit board of device for administration of drugs control system of the set agitating device of fluid storage tank.
3, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 2, it is characterized in that: described dynamic air-flow input port is a little more than the entrance that supplies of atomization liquid, described gaseous flow delivery outlet is roughly formed on the centre position at kuppe top, and the angle between the axis of the delivery outlet of gaseous flow and the axis of dynamic air-flow input port is between 90 degree~130 degree.
4, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 3, is characterized in that: the import of a dynamic air-flow is at least set in the position near liquid liquid level; The transmitting power of described dynamic air-flow is from being positioned at the pressure fan of upstream, medical liquid atomizing place and/or air-introduced machine and/or the ejector in downstream, medical liquid atomizing place; Preferably, at least in the upstream in medical liquid atomizing place, one pressure fan is set transmitting power is provided; Preferably, when adopting ejector, the high speed compression bleed stream that ejector itself adopts is medicine air-flow or air stream; Further preferred, the air-flow source of described dynamic air-flow is air stream.
5, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 3 or 4 any one, is characterized in that: the temperature range of described dynamic air-flow is chosen between 5~30 ℃; Further preferred, when the temperature of dispenser target place environment is during lower than 0~10 ℃, dynamic air-flow higher than the difference of environmental temperature within the scope of 5~20 ℃.
6, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 5, is characterized in that: before described dynamic air-flow offers the liquid of described atomization, selectable through a heating region, this heating region is at least provided with needs the electric component of heat radiation as heating source; Further preferred, electric component at least includes the voltage-stablizer for supersonic oscillations device; Further preferred, be also provided with the drive motors of fluid storage tank agitating device and the electronic component of control system, circuit board; Further preferred, this heating region is also controlled is provided with PULSE HEATING or ohmic heating or PTC potsherd as active electric heating element.
7, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 6, it is characterized in that: on the described outflow path that contains ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow, be provided with heater means, one or more light sources that can generate heat preferably, this heating light source is near equipped at outlet port of gaseous flow.
8, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 4, is characterized in that: while adopting ejector that transmitting power is provided, the temperature of the high speed compression bleed stream of adjusting input jet device regulates the output temperature of gaseous flow.
9, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 2, it is characterized in that: described spray chamber is the Split type structure that upper and lower two parts form, its middle and lower part is divided into box at the bottom of the feed flow of upper shed, and top is divided into up and down all kuppes of opening, and both are dismountable combines between the higher and lower levels together; But box is not only formed on the bottom of kuppe at the bottom of feed flow, also extend in the bottom of described fluid storage tank; Further preferred, kuppe is split left and right structure, left and right housing, consists of; Further preferred, the lower end of described kuppe forms to tighten up and mouthful injects at the bottom of feed flow box inwall at the bottom of box inside makes its outer wall and feed flow and be close together.
10, device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 9, it is characterized in that: at the bottom of described feed flow, box is a trapezium structure, the part coordinating with kuppe is positioned at the bottom of trapezium structure, the internal face of bottom forms a cavity, be used as the chamber that supersonic oscillations device is set and holds the required liquid of atomization, and extending up to higher position by bottom, its top coordinates with the bottom of fluid storage tank, on the one hand for supporting fluid storage tank and providing fluid storage tank parts required installing space, the feed flow runner that utilizes on the one hand inner wall surface thereof to form to be communicated with bottom cavity is with by the liquid supply spray chamber providing in fluid storage tank, preferably, the runner that described feed flow runner is inner wall smooth.
11, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 10, is characterized in that: at the bottom of described feed flow, box is separate part or is formed by described base upper bottom surface; Preferably, at the bottom of described feed flow, box is an independent member, supports end face on described base in its lower section and forms and the planform that at the bottom of feed flow, box bottom surface is corresponding, and what both structures were coincide fits together.
12, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 9, it is characterized in that: described kuppe is double-decker, it is by dismountable being assembled together of left and right two halves housing, and the front and rear wall of its inner housing is designed to arc inner wall and make the inwall of kuppe to the gaseous flow delivery outlet convergence that is positioned at top; Preferably, on the inner housing of kuppe, be also formed with the pod apertures with spray chamber internal communication.
13, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 12, it is characterized in that: described kuppe is divided into three sections from bottom to top: seal liquid section, fog channel section, go out mist section, the liquid supply opening of spray chamber is arranged on sealing liquid section, the air inlet of dynamic air-flow is arranged between sealing liquid section and fog channel section, and gaseous flow delivery outlet is arranged on out the port of mist section.
14, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 13, is characterized in that: the fog channel section at kuppe inwall is formed with the foam rib that disappears, and preferred, the foam rib that disappears longitudinally arranges along described kuppe inwall, further preferred, and the rib top of the foam rib that disappears is pinnacle; Further preferably, the foam rib that disappears described in is formed on the left and/or right inside wall of described kuppe.
15, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 12, it is characterized in that: the air flow stream outgoing direction in the dynamic air-flow input port of described kuppe left shell, be provided with diversion comb, preferred, the end of diversion comb also forms a blocking solution dike that is connected to each diversion comb end; Further preferred, the end of the end of diversion comb or blocking solution dike is formed with a plurality of downward prominent tips.
16, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 15, it is characterized in that: described diversion comb consists of horizontal water diversion part and vertical water diversion part, horizontal diversion comb part horizontal stretching certain length in direction spray chamber from the dynamic air-flow input port of kuppe wherein, preferred 20~35mm place, to box below bending at the bottom of feed flow, extend to form vertical diversion comb part again, width is 20~35mm preferably.
17,12 device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme, is characterized in that: before the inwall of described spray chamber kuppe, be provided with dismountable resistance foam net, preferably, be formed with the little grid of 1~3 * 1~3mm2 specification on it; Preferably, described resistance foam net is formed on the front inwall of body seam position, spray chamber kuppe left and right.
18, the device for administration of drugs as described in 2 as described in technique scheme, it is characterized in that: described supersonic oscillations device is integrated form supersonic oscillations devices, it comprises one or more supersonic oscillations unit, those oscillating units are arranged in a seal casinghousing, each supersonic oscillations unit is provided with one or more oscillating elements, the ceramic transduction piece of those oscillating elements exposes seal casinghousing and contacts to implement supersonic oscillations effect with liquid to be atomized, preferably, the overall control of the oscillating element of described sonic oscillation device is 3-10; Further preferred, described supersonic oscillations device is also provided with liquid level control piece and stable-pressure device, and wherein said liquid level control piece is arranged on seal casinghousing, and stable-pressure device is arranged in the air channel, bottom of described base; Further preferred, described device for administration of drugs can also be to be arranged alone or in combination by one or more described integrated form supersonic oscillations devices.
19, the device for administration of drugs as described in 2 as described in technique scheme, it is characterized in that: described supersonic oscillations device is by dismountable outside bottom that is arranged on box at the bottom of feed flow, its oscillating element by feed flow at the bottom of at the bottom of perforate on box diapire and described feed flow the liquid in box in fluid contact relation, apply supersonic oscillations effect; Preferably, at the bottom of feed flow, on the diapire of box, also form the partition of certain altitude, on partition, have liquid flow hole; Preferably, the back of described supersonic oscillations device be arranged in base air channel, bottom or can with air channel, bottom fluid contact.
20, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 18, it is characterized in that: described supersonic oscillations device is by dismountable bottom that is arranged on the inside of box at the bottom of feed flow, at the bottom of described feed flow in box along being provided with guide rod in liquid level direction, described its seal casinghousing of supersonic oscillations device is slidably mounted on this guide rod, further preferred, the seal casinghousing of described supersonic oscillations device is provided with and increases or reduce buoyancy measure; Further preferred, the oscillatory work frequency of the ceramic transduction piece of described supersonic oscillations device is configured to be greater than the frequency work of 1.7MHz, and preferably its oscillatory work frequency is 2.0 ~ 5.0MHz.
21, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 2, it is characterized in that: described device for administration of drugs arranges a control liquid and surely imitates device, be used for and described sonic oscillation device cooperating, this control liquid is surely imitated device, and it comprises a cover body, this cover body surrounds a cavity of opening downwards by roof and periphery wall, for covering on the top of sonic oscillation device; The roof of described cover body is formed with the perforate corresponding with the oscillating element quantity of described sonic oscillation device and position, the below of each perforate is extended to form the through type cylindrical shell of a both ends open downwards by the internal face of described roof, this cylindrical shell, for covering on the periphery of the oscillating element corresponding with it, consists of the steady effect chamber of its corresponding oscillating element the inner chamber of its both ends open; Cavity between the internal face of the outside wall surface of described cylindrical shell and described cover body periphery wall forms control sap cavity, the cavity that described control sap cavity is upper end closed, and its end face consists of the non-open area of described cover body roof; Between the upper surface of the lower surface of described cover body periphery wall and described sonic oscillation device, form one or more gaps as the control liquid gap of described control sap cavity; Between the lower surface of cylindrical shell and the epitaxial surface of described oscillating element, form one or more gaps as the feed flow gap in described steady effect chamber; The extreme higher position in feed flow gap, described steady effect chamber is less than or equal to the extreme higher position of described control sap cavity control liquid gap opening.
22, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 18, it is characterized in that: the liquid level control piece arranging on corresponding sonic oscillation device, control liquid is surely imitated device and is also formed a liquid level chamber, and while normally working, its top communicates with outside air, and its bottom is communicated with steady effect chamber, control sap cavity liquid around; When the centre position of described liquid level control piece at described sonic oscillation device, the constituted mode in preferred described liquid level chamber is: the cover body roof position corresponding with liquid level control piece of surely imitating device at described control liquid forms the through type cylindrical shell that a class quasi-static is imitated cavity configuration, utilizes its inner chamber to form the full cartridge type liquid level chamber of liquid level control piece; Form between the through type cylindrical shell in liquid level chamber and the outer face of liquid level control piece and be formed with one or more feed liquors gap; When the surrounding position of described liquid level control piece at described sonic oscillation device, the constituted mode in preferred described liquid level chamber is: make the periphery wall of cover body in the position corresponding with liquid level control piece, form one to half recessed tubular recess of control sap cavity, utilize the internal face of box at the bottom of the side wall surface of this recess and feed flow to form the half cartridge type liquid level chamber that can detect for sonic oscillation device liquid level control piece, whether this kind of liquid level chamber can be divided into half open-top liquid level chamber and half top seal formula liquid level chamber by the sealing of the roof of cover body according to the top of its cavity again.
23, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 21 or 22, is characterized in that: described control liquid is surely imitated device or is supported on sonic oscillation device or is lifted on top and its formation ligand of supersonic oscillations device.
24, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 23, is characterized in that: control liquid is surely imitated device and sonic oscillation device and controlled liquid and surely imitate bindiny mechanism on device and realize cooperatively interacting of the two and be connected to become an assembly by being positioned at; Preferably, bindiny mechanism is a claw structure, and sonic oscillation device forms the nosing making progress in its periphery and coordinates with claw, makes to control liquid and surely imitates device and be fixed and support and cover on the upper surface that is combined in sonic oscillation device; Maybe control liquid is surely imitated to device is dismountable to be fixed on kuppe, the setting position of surely imitating device by kuppe and control liquid coordinates to be made to control liquid and surely imitates device and be lifted on the upper surface of sonic oscillation device with required control liquid gap, feed flow gap, feed liquor gap; Or control liquid is surely imitated device and kuppe and the resistance compound composition assembly of foam net and the use of integrated form sonic oscillation matched with devices.
25, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 21, it is characterized in that: the one side that the preferred constituted mode in described control liquid gap, feed flow gap, feed liquor gap is the cover body periphery wall end along open downwards or several times or every face are formed with one or more gap gap as control liquid gap, in the one side of the straight-through barrel tip in steady effect chamber or several times or every face, be formed with one or more gap gap as gap, steady effect chamber; Or make to control between the epitaxial surface of the bottom face in the bottom face of sap cavity, the bottom face of surely imitating chamber, liquid level chamber and sonic oscillation device outer peripheral face, oscillating element epitaxial surface, liquid level control piece, left certain assemblage gap as the control liquid gap of control sap cavity, surely imitate the feed flow gap in chamber, the feed liquor gap in liquid level chamber.
26, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 25, it is characterized in that: control liquid gap is controlled or adjustable: in allowed band, by adjustments, control that liquid is surely imitated the hanging height of device or the bearing height on sonic oscillation device can be realized controlling width or big or small adjusting and the setting in liquid gap.
27, as technique scheme 10, 18, device for administration of drugs described in 25, it is characterized in that: the outflow set positions of its post rod type location liquid supply assembly arranging from fluid storage tank according to liquid of the optimal liquid level of the liquid of box at the bottom of described feed flow, shutting down liquid level leans on the liquid level control piece of supersonic oscillations device to detect and implement stoppage protection, at the bottom of described feed flow, at the bottom of the extreme lower position of the supply opening of box and feed flow, the extreme lower position of box is in the extreme lower position of box in same level or at the bottom of a little higher than feed flow, at the bottom of described feed flow, its lowest position in the control liquid gap of device is surely imitated in the extreme higher position of the supply opening of box lower than control liquid.
28, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 2, it is characterized in that: described chemicals feeder is also provided with a fluid storage tank, between described fluid storage tank and box at the bottom of feed flow, be formed with the runner that is communicated with both, described liquid first injects fluid storage tank and by this runner, is fed at the bottom of feed flow in box, further preferred, described chemicals feeder is also provided with a multipurpose water tank, between this multipurpose water tank and fluid storage tank, also form a runner, preferably, described stating on the inwall that the runner between box and the runner between multipurpose water tank and fluid storage tank at the bottom of fluid storage tank and feed flow be integrally formed in box at the bottom of feed flow, and along multipurpose water tank, fluid storage tank, box at the bottom of feed flow, reduce highly successively, can utilize on the one hand it to provide hot water to improve the liquid liquid temperature that is entered box at the bottom of feed flow by fluid storage tank for described fluid storage tank, can utilize on the other hand water in it to realize Yao road cleaning function before or after device for administration of drugs, further preferred, further preferred, at the bottom of described feed flow, box is stepped, it forms the groove of receiving medical liquids and described supersonic oscillations device is set compared with lower part, from the diapire of box at the bottom of the described feed flow of this lower position part, extend upward in the bottom of liquid injecting box, multipurpose water tank, make described fluid storage tank, multipurpose water tank be located at the place, higher position of box at the bottom of feed flow, further preferred, at the bottom of described feed flow, the diapire of box forms the runner that can fluid be communicated with fluid storage tank, multipurpose water tank, further preferred, described fluid storage tank is provided with the positive and negative scale of measuring, with easy to use, further preferred, a copy is removably set on box at the bottom of described feed flow, the interior shape of box at the bottom of this copy copy feed flow, overlays on the inwall of box at the bottom of feed flow.
29, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 28, it is characterized in that: described fluid storage tank comprises that container, the container that can store liquid is provided with less first opening and the second larger opening, the first wherein less opening is for being communicated with the liquid runner on box at the bottom of described feed flow, the dismountable Yi great Gai that is sealed with of the second larger opening, preferably, large lid is threaded engagement with the second opening, at the second opening, be formed with cylindrical shape external screw thread wall, corresponding large lid is formed with internal thread wall makes it if a nut screwing clamping is in the columnar threaded walls of the second opening.
30, device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 28, it is characterized in that: the runner at the bottom of described fluid storage tank and feed flow between box is provided with liquid for hydraulic control liquid device, so that the liquid of fluid storage tank by controlled for box at the bottom of feeding, this liquid comprises post rod type location liquid supply assembly and push rod Control Component for hydraulic control liquid device, the first opening that is wherein positioned at fluid storage tank bottom arranges post rod type location liquid supply assembly, this post rod type location liquid supply assembly forms liquid flow cavity and the liquid head piece being communicated with spray chamber feed flow runner, push rod Control Component comprises that one for applying the push rod of External Force Acting to post rod type location liquid supply assembly, it is arranged on the below of post rod type location liquid supply assembly, controlled and opened or closed as required the liquid head piece that post rod type location liquid supply assembly is controlled.
31, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 30, it is characterized in that: this post rod type location liquid supply assembly comprises fur cap plug, liquid supply assembly inner guiding post, spring, spacing duct ring, top flat and encloses and receive those assemblies and form liquid flow cavity and the housing of liquid head piece, concrete structure and work relationship are as follows: the first opening of the outer wall of housing and container is tightly connected, inwall forms liquid flow cavity, and it goes out interruption-forming liquid head piece; Fur cap plug acts on liquid head piece and is used to open or close liquid head piece, and fur cap plug is fixed on the upper end of inner guiding post, and inner guiding post lower end is through being located at spacing duct ring in inner walls and being fixedly connected with for receiving the top flat of external force; Inner guiding post periphery is arranged with spring, and this spring is telescopic to be located between the spacing duct ring and top flat of liquid head piece.
32, device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 30 or 31, it is characterized in that: described push rod Control Component is realized by increasing or reduce the effective depth of push rod the controllability of the effect of post rod type location liquid supply assembly by push rod, preferred described push rod is screw, by manual or electronic Control Component, screw rod is upwards screwed out or screw in the effective depth that regulates push rod downwards, or described push rod is designed to folding or extension type or dismountable suit one can extend the cap bag of push rod effective length at push rod top, the effective depth of push rod is manually adjusted as required.
33, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 29, is characterized in that: in described fluid storage tank, be provided with paddle and/or expand numerous cylinder; Preferably, described paddle and/or expand that numerous cylinder is dismountable is arranged on covering greatly of fluid storage tank; Further preferred, together with the numerous cylinder of described expansion is removably mounted on paddle and can be with an overall structure and independent structure is dismountable is separately installed to covering greatly of fluid storage tank.
34, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 33, it is characterized in that: a power-actuated paddle is set in described fluid storage tank, the box upper inside wall face position relative with paddle rotating shaft at the bottom of feed flow, the round wall shape of protuberance formation one hollow that makes progress structure, the drive motors driving of paddle rotating shaft box below through hollow round wall shape structure and at the bottom of being arranged on feed flow is connected; Further preferred, at the bottom of feed flow, the internal face on box top also forms one lower than the boss of hollow circle wall shape structure upper surface in the periphery of hollow circle wall shape structure, and the periphery of boss forms an annular channel being communicated with runner entrance; Further preferred, be positioned at the feed flow of conduit periphery at the bottom of box internal face to annular channel, reduce gradually, and annular channel also reduces gradually to runner entrance, runner also reduces gradually to the supply opening of spray chamber; Further preferred, the extreme lower position of conduit and runner is all designed to be greater than to the highest liquid level working solution plane of box at the bottom of spray chamber feed flow, the upper surface of hollow circle wall shape structure is higher than the extreme higher position of annular channel.
35, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 33, is characterized in that: the second opening of container and corresponding large lid are arranged on the bottom of fluid storage tank container; Paddle by rotating shaft, seal, be sleeved on wheel hub in rotating shaft, be formed on the drive motors setting that blade on wheel hub and drive shaft rotate and form, rotating being fixed in upper end of paddle rotating shaft covers greatly and puts in container, and lower end is stretched out large lid and is directly or indirectly connected with the drive motors being arranged on outside large lid; Preferably, large lid forms a cylindrical shape peripheral flange, the position of this flange is relative with above-mentioned annular channel, the inner side of flange is formed with the cylindrical shape external screw thread wall of being combined with medical liquid container the second opening, the centre position of large lid forms a boss that can put in vessel port, and the dorsal part of boss forms cavity can be fastened at the bottom of feed flow in the formed hollow circle of box upper inside wall face wall shape structure it; Paddle is supported on the boss of large lid, and its rotating shaft is directly or indirectly rotationally connected through large lid and the drive motors that is arranged on large lid outside, and the drive motors of described paddle is arranged in the air channel, bottom of base.
36, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 33, is characterized in that: expand numerous cylinder and comprise and accommodate the cylindrical shell of biological active matter carrier and be arranged on installation or the syndeton below cylindrical shell on cylindrical shell, to have a plurality of regular or irregular hollow holes; Preferred expand numerous cylindrical shell by expanding numerous cylinder shell, expand that numerous cylinder is upper, end socket, low head form dismountable tube structure; Preferably, its body and low head are two halves and form, and wherein between left half housing and left half low head, form integrative-structure, between right half low head and right half housing, form integrative-structure, and two parts are combined with demountable structure again; Further preferred, left and right half housing and left and right half low head form slot in corresponding cooperation place one side, and a side forms plug, and what both mated splices together; Further preferred, the installation below described cylindrical shell or syndeton are used for expanding on the dismountable inwall that is fixed on container of numerous cylinder, or it is dismountablely fixed on paddle or it is dismountablely fixed on to covering greatly of container.
37, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 35,36, it is characterized in that: fluid storage tank container the second opening and corresponding large lid are arranged on the bottom of container, both adopt removable seal syndeton, paddle is coaxial design and forms an overall structure by the structure that removably connects with the numerous cylinder of expansion, expand the dismountable paddle top that is arranged on of numerous cylinder, dismountable being arranged on greatly of paddle covers, and expands numerous cylinder, paddle is all put in container.
38, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 37, it is characterized in that: described in the structure that removably connects, it comprises that one is dismountablely set in beam barrel portion on rotating shaft top and from the connection outward flange of the beam barrel portion outward extending broadening formation in top, the dismountable periphery that is set in beam barrel portion of wheel hub of paddle; The installation or the syndeton that are positioned at numerous bottom of expansion form elasticity connection draw-in groove at the outer wall of low head, connect outward flange and utilize the dismountable elasticity that is fixed on of elasticity of elasticity draw-in groove to connect in draw-in groove.
39, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 38, it is characterized in that: the generation type of described elasticity draw-in groove is: the corresponding ring-type inverted T shape clamp structure that is provided with on left and right low head, those structures form does not have flexible connection draw-in groove (3751), the corresponding elasticity inverted T shape inward flange (3752) that is provided with in the position of left and right low head docking, those structures form has flexible connection draw-in groove (3751), connects outward flange and can utilize the elasticity of elasticity inverted T shape inward flange to be placed in link slot or by its taking-up, further preferred, from connector or partly upwards preferably approximately not exclusively fastening being set together of structure of splicing of numerous left shell of expansion 371 of 20~30mm position and numerous right shell body 372 of expansion of link slot of expanding numerous bottom low head annular snap wrench structure, preferably, approximately the structure of splicing of numerous left shell of expansion 371 of the above position of 20~30mm and numerous right shell body of expansion can further adopt glue bond to fix, and make progress numerous left shell of expansion 371 of about 20~30mm position and the structure structure of splicing that expands numerous right shell body of connector or link slot do not adopt glue bond fastening, and only utilize the structure of splicing to realize docking between the two.
40, device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 33, it is characterized in that: paddle or expand between numerous cylinder and the large lid of container the setting structure that removably connects: in both shared rotating shafts, a upper bearing (metal) is set, the axis hole place of large lid arranges a lower bearing, two bearings forms fit structure, rotating shaft is passed from the boss of large lid, be connected with the shaft coupling that is arranged on large lid outside, this shaft coupling is connected with drive motors, preferably, the bottom of shaft coupling forms one and expands chamber, formative gear structure on the inwall in expansion chamber, the rotating shaft of drive motors is by coordinating with this gear structure, drive shaft coupling and paddle and/or expand the rotating shaft rotation of numerous, preferably, the size that shaft coupling expands chamber just in time covers in the hollow circle wall shape structure on the boss of box upper inside wall face at the bottom of feed flow.
41, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 33, is characterized in that: the function that expands numerous cylinder and paddle is integrated upper to expanding numerous cylinder, on the upper cover of numerous of expansion and/or low head and/or housing side face, stirrer paddle is set.
42, as described in technique scheme 33 device for administration of drugs, it is characterized in that: the function that expands numerous cylinder and paddle is integrated to paddle, biological active matter carrier is filled in during the blade of paddle described distortion and/or large size and/or oar body divide, and has the hollow out passage that can flow into or flow out for liquid on its blade and/or slurry.
43, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 2, is characterized in that:
Air-flow conveying assembly is divided into air-flow input module and air-flow output precision two large divisions, wherein air-flow input module comprises the bellows that are provided with pressure fan 200 in, it is arranged on the left side of spray chamber, the dynamic air-flow providing is by the dynamic air-flow input port input spray chamber on the left wall of spray chamber being adjacent, and air-flow output precision is arranged on the above-mentioned top that is positioned at spray chamber, dynamic air-flow and the formed gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles of atomization medicine mist are passed out in the environment at dispenser target place; Further preferred, in spray chamber upstream, pressure fan is set, the air outlet of this pressure fan spiral case (153) is corresponding with above-mentioned dynamic air-flow input port (154), and the angle of the direction relative level face that air-flow is sent from this dynamic air-flow input port is preferably between-20 degree~20 degree.
44, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 43, it is characterized in that: air-flow conveying assembly also comprises the air channel, bottom that a base forms, this air channel, bottom adopts Split type structure, by pedestal (120) and base (100), fasten and form, below pedestal, be provided with leg, preferred, on leg, can be provided with the pulleys such as universal joint to facilitate the movement of device for administration of drugs, further preferred again, leg also can be designed to telescopic leg and according to dispenser object, adjust the dispenser height of device for administration of drugs.
45, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 44, is characterized in that: the heating electric appliance parts such as the voltage-stablizer for device for administration of drugs, functional switch 111, control circuit board 700, paddle motor 359, negative ion generating device are arranged on to air channel, bottom.
46, as described in technique scheme 43 device for administration of drugs, it is characterized in that: air-flow output precision (500) is arranged on the gaseous flow delivery outlet (420) at spray chamber top and locates, the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles is applied in the environment at dispenser target place; Concrete is preferred: comprise the rotating shower nozzle (500) of kuppe gaseous flow delivery outlet (420) and the drive unit that drives shower nozzle to rotate relative to gaseous flow delivery outlet of being arranged on, concrete, the bottom of shower nozzle is established and is formed a gear ring structure, drive unit comprises a motor and travelling gear, under the drive of motor, band nutating gear rotates, and shower nozzle gear ring is owing to meshing together with travelling gear, also be driven rotation, thereby can realize the comprehensive dispenser of 360 degree.
47, as described in technique scheme 46 device for administration of drugs, it is characterized in that: described shower nozzle is roughly divided into three parts: gaseous flow input section (D1), gaseous flow break-in section (D2), gaseous flow deferent segment (D3), it is characterized in that: the rear section of the forward part of described gaseous flow break-in section (D2) and described gaseous flow input section (D1) is layback shape, the forward part of the rear section of gaseous flow break-in section (D2) and gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) is the shape that leans forward, and described gaseous flow input section (D1), gaseous flow break-in section (D2), transition face between the internal face of gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) is smooth surface, preferably, to gaseous flow break-in section (D2), it forms layback shape to described gaseous flow input section (D1), and 1≤90 ° of its gaseous flow the first loss break-in angle δ, preferably between 5 degree angles, degree angle~30, described gaseous flow break-in section (D2) to gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) forms the shape that leans forward, 2≤90 ° of the effective break-in angle δ of its gaseous flow second, preferably, between 5 degree angles, degree angle~30,3≤90 ° of gaseous flow flow liquid angle δ, preferably between 5 degree angles, degree angle~30, further preferred, escape displacement Δ d≤0, preferably, from described gaseous flow input section (D1) to gaseous flow break-in section (D2) again to gaseous flow deferent segment (D3), its size of the sectional area of whole level and smooth negative camber is basic keeps identical or consistent, further preferred, the gaseous flow delivery outlet sectional area of the gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) of described special-shaped shower nozzle is more than or equal to the sectional area of described gaseous flow input section (D1) gaseous flow input port, further preferred, in escape, apart from the internal face apart from the special-shaped shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment in (d1) part or all of length range in (d2) or flow liquid, adopt pitted skin inwall, further preferred, the lower internal face starting from described shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment gaseous flow flow liquid point with certain angle gradually to the convex surface concave vertex place extension in described special shaped spray head inwall.
48, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 43,44, it is characterized in that: the prominent or waterwall of the upper evagination dash that is provided with circle or polygon or other shape for edge, through wires hole hole and the control panel place of cabling of articles injection-moulded bellows (130), base (100), to prevent that medicine that the liquid of atomization forms because of liquefaction from dripping or dripping that to flow into device for administration of drugs inner.
49, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 1, it is characterized in that: the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles that makes above-mentioned formation before being applied in dispenser target place environment with OH-or O3-negative electrical charge, preferably, this band electric process can be realized by plasma or anion generator, and described plasma or anion generator are arranged in air channel, bottom.
50, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 43, is characterized in that: gaseous flow delivery outlet or close equipped at outlet port at spray chamber also arrange an air-introduced machine or ejector generation backfloweffect.
51, the device for administration of drugs as described in technique scheme 50, it is characterized in that: utilize dynamic air-flow to produce described backfloweffect, thereby both utilized the backfloweffect of this dynamic air-flow and the liquid of described atomization to form the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles, and utilized again the backfloweffect of this dynamic air-flow to realize described atomization liquid to the output of described dispenser target environment; Preferably, described dynamic air-flow or high speed compression air-flow are high-speed compressed air stream or high speed compression medicine air-flow.
52, as described in technique scheme 1-51 any one as described in device for administration of drugs, it is characterized in that: the environment that described in it, enclosed environment is relative closure, described enclosed environment is booth for crop growth, greenhouse, shed, freezer, fresh-keeping warehouse, air-conditioned cold store, animal house for agricultural storage, raise the relative closure environment such as house, public office or private inhabitation place, the vehicles, dispenser target in described enclosed environment is for determining dispenser target and/or uncertain dispenser target, preferably, described uncertain dispenser target is the air without solid form in enclosed environment, described definite dispenser target be in enclosed environment, have solid form without life entity and/or have life entity, further preferred, definite dispenser target in described agricultural enclosed environment is crops or agricultural product or agricultural facility, as vegetables, melon and fruit, flowers, mushroom, medicinal material, tobacco, tealeaves, the crops such as livestock culture or agricultural product or its agricultural facility, further preferred, to the dispenser object of described crops or agricultural product, it is deinsectization and/or except sick and/or process and/or the vernalization of crops and/or the objects such as adjusting of growing of crops except the after-ripening of remains of pesticide and/or agricultural product, to the dispenser object of described agricultural facility, be sterilize and/or remove disease and/or deinsectization and/or immunity and/or produce the objects such as antibiotic-free product, further preferred, to the definite dispenser target in described public office and/or private inhabitation place and/or vehicle environmental, be that air carries out disinfection and/or degerming and/or deinsectization and/or deodorizing and/or except the object of the air cleanings such as formaldehyde.
Technique scheme of the present invention, at least has following several large effect compared to existing technology:
1. for operator provides a kind of brand-new application equipment.
2. expanded the range of choice of operator medicine when dispenser.
3. form the gaseous flow intensity contain ultra micro drug particles high and can keep stablizing, good continuity dispenser, and dispenser particle little (can arrive diameter and be less than 10 microns), be easy to three-dimensional diffusion and absorbed by plant corpus, adhesive ability is strong, in space, solid is killed damage by disease and insect source, and the good residue of pesticide of pesticide supplying effect are few.
4. the actual usage amount that can significantly reduce agricultural chemicals reaches more than 50%, energy-saving and environmental protecting.
5. other measures such as dispenser and environment intensification are made overall plans, and realize a tractor serves several purposes.
6. can automatically complete dispenser, without artificial directly contact dispenser, reduce the infringement of agricultural chemicals to human body.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: device for administration of drugs construction package schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2: be an embodiment device for administration of drugs schematic diagram;
Fig. 3: the common shower nozzle with base and drive unit is dissected schematic diagram;
Fig. 4: the special-shaped shower nozzle with base and drive unit is dissected schematic diagram;
Fig. 5: not with the fluid storage tank schematic diagram of paddle;
Fig. 6: with the fluid storage tank schematic diagram of large lid formula paddle;
Fig. 7: cover greatly formula paddle and other assembly schematic diagram;
Fig. 8: cover greatly formula paddle explosive view;
Fig. 9: cover greatly formula paddle profile;
Figure 10: kuppe is surely imitated device combination unit schematic diagram with control liquid;
Figure 11: kuppe is surely imitated device front view with control liquid;
Figure 12: kuppe is surely imitated device rearview with control liquid;
Figure 13: kuppe left shell schematic diagram;
Figure 14: kuppe right shell body schematic diagram;
Figure 15: diversion comb and kuppe left shell coplanar integral type schematic diagram
Figure 16: resistance foam net schematic diagram;
Figure 17: band resistance foam net and control liquid are surely imitated the kuppe schematic cross-section of device;
Figure 18: coordinate the control liquid of the integrated form sonic oscillation device of ten ultrasonic oscillators compositions surely to imitate device (full cartridge type liquid level chamber);
Figure 19: coordinate the control liquid of the integrated form sonic oscillation device of ten ultrasonic oscillators compositions surely to imitate device front view (full cartridge type liquid level chamber);
Figure 20: coordinate the control liquid of the integrated form sonic oscillation device of ten ultrasonic oscillators compositions surely to imitate device rearview (half open liquid level chamber);
Figure 21: coordinate the control liquid of the integrated form sonic oscillation device of ten ultrasonic oscillators compositions surely to imitate device rearview (half closed liquid level chamber);
Figure 22: the integrated form sonic oscillation device being formed by ten ultrasonic oscillators;
Figure 23: supersonic oscillations device is arranged on the structural representation on box at the bottom of feed flow by cinclides;
Figure 24: the integrated form sonic oscillation device being comprised of ten ultrasonic oscillators and control liquid are surely imitated device assembly design sketch;
Figure 25: the integrated form sonic oscillation device being comprised of ten ultrasonic oscillators and control liquid are surely imitated device assembly explosive view;
Figure 26: electronic screw-type liquid feed device ejector lifting device schematic diagram (liquid feed device is opened);
Figure 27: electronic screw-type liquid feed device ejector lifting device schematic diagram (liquid feed device is closed);
Figure 28: hand thread formula liquid feed device ejector lifting device schematic diagram (liquid feed device is opened);
Figure 29: hand thread formula liquid feed device ejector lifting device schematic diagram (liquid feed device is closed);
Figure 30: manual cap sleeve formula liquid feed device ejector lifting device schematic diagram (liquid feed device is opened);
Figure 31: manual cap sleeve formula liquid feed device ejector lifting device schematic diagram (liquid feed device is closed);
Figure 32: collapsible or lever liquid feed device ejector lifting device schematic diagram (liquid feed device is opened);
Figure 33: collapsible or lever liquid feed device ejector lifting device schematic diagram (liquid feed device is closed);
Figure 34: box schematic diagram at the bottom of feed flow;
Figure 35: bio-pulp complexes schematic diagram;
Figure 36: bio-pulp complexes are dissected schematic diagram;
Figure 37: a kind of agitating mode schematic diagram that expands the alternative paddle of numerous bucket;
Figure 38: expand the numerous barrel of distortion paddle schematic diagram uniting two into one with paddle;
Figure 39: bio-pulp expands numerous bucket and paddle integral type schematic diagram in expanding numerous device container;
Figure 40: bio-pulp expands numerous bucket and paddle non-Unitary heteropleural schematic diagram in expanding numerous device container;
Figure 41: bio-pulp expands and expands numerous bucket and paddle non-Unitary homonymy schematic diagram in numerous device container;
Figure 42: bio-pulp expands and expands numerous bucket and paddle non-Unitary heteropleural schematic diagram in numerous device container;
Figure 43: biological oar is in the ceiling mounting type structure of medicine-chest upper position;
Figure 44: expand numerous left and right housing schematic diagram;
Figure 45: expand the syndeton schematic diagram on numerous cylinder shell low head;
Figure 46:: expand numerous cylinder shell upper cover schematic diagram;
Figure 47: add the numerous effect schematic diagram of expansion after carrier;
Figure 48: single-cylinder type expands numerous schematic diagram;
Figure 49: multi-layer expands numerous schematic diagram;
Figure 50: cut off or numerous schematic diagram of iris type expansion;
Figure 51: special-shaped shower nozzle sectional structure chart;
Figure 52: post rod type location liquid supply assembly and control liquid are surely imitated device work schematic diagram;
Figure 53: fluidic device schematic diagram;
Figure 54: be another embodiment pesticide applicator schematic diagram with multipurpose water tank;
description of reference numerals:
Kuppe: 410, kuppe left shell: 411, kuppe right shell body: 412, wind-guiding face in arc: 421, foam groove disappears: 441, gaseous flow delivery outlet: 420, comb keeps out the wind in air channel: 442, horizontal diversion comb: 4421, vertical diversion comb: 4422, pod apertures: 4211, blocking solution dike: 443, screw link position: 450, sonic oscillation device and kuppe scarfing slot: 460, integrated form sonic oscillation device: 360, liquid level control piece: 361, integrated form sonic oscillation device voltage-stablizer: 362, integrated form sonic oscillation device upper surface: 363, integrated form sonic oscillation device epitaxial surface: 364, single ultrasonic oscillator unit: 366, control liquid is surely imitated device: 430, control liquid is surely imitated device cover body roof: 431, steady effect chamber: 432, steady effect chamber wall: 4321, steady effect chamber is high: 4322, steady effect feed liquor gap, chamber: 4323, control sap cavity: 4330, control liquid is surely imitated device cover body periphery wall: 4331, control liquid gap: 434, control liquid is surely imitated device lower surface: 435, control liquid is surely imitated device and integrated form sonic oscillation device connector: 436, liquid level chamber: 437, anion generator: 600, air outlet diversion comb: 511, shower nozzle nozzle boss: 525, gear and motor connection bearing: 523, gear cover: 524, gear connecting axle: 523, pinion: 522, gear wheel: 521, shower nozzle electric rotating machine: 530, abnormity shower nozzle: 599, shower nozzle gaseous flow input port: 420, shower nozzle gaseous flow delivery outlet: 555, D1: gaseous flow input section, D2: gaseous flow break-in section, D3: gaseous flow deferent segment, δ 1: gaseous flow the first loss break-in angle, δ 2: gaseous flow second effective break-in angle, δ 3: gaseous flow flow liquid angle, A: gaseous flow escape point, B: gaseous flow flow liquid point, d2: distance in gaseous flow escape, d1: distance in gaseous flow flow liquid, Δ d: gaseous flow escape displacement, E: the gaseous flow remote point that on gaseous flow input section gaseous flow input port inwall and gaseous flow deferent segment end, inwall gaseous flow is escaped between an A, F: the gaseous flow remote point under gaseous flow input section gaseous flow input port inwall and gaseous flow deferent segment end between inwall gaseous flow flow liquid point B, N: convex surface concave vertex in special shaped spray head inwall, L1: gaseous flow input direction tangent plane line, L4: under gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end, inwall is selected B along gaseous flow flow liquid and selected the plumb cut line with gaseous flow input direction tangent plane line L1, L7: on gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end, inwall is escaped and select that A selects and the plumb cut line of gaseous flow input direction tangent plane line L1 along gaseous flow, L2: on gaseous flow deferent segment end, inwall is along the plumb cut line of gaseous flow escape point A point and L4, L3:: under gaseous flow deferent segment end, inwall is along the plumb cut line of gaseous flow flow liquid point B point and L4, L5: on gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end, inwall is along a gaseous flow escape point A point, convex surface concave vertex N point in special shaped spray head inwall, on gaseous flow input section gaseous flow input port inwall and gaseous flow deferent segment end, gaseous flow remote point E between the A tangent plane line between selecting is selected in the escape of inwall gaseous flow, L6: the gaseous flow remote point F point under gaseous flow input section gaseous flow input port inwall and gaseous flow deferent segment end between inwall gaseous flow flow liquid point B, tangent plane line between the interior convex surface concave vertex N of special shaped spray head inwall selects, L8: under gaseous flow deferent segment end, inwall gaseous flow flow liquid is selected B and selected along the inside tangent plane line of lower inwall, box at the bottom of feed flow: 390, medical liquid atomizing chamber: 391, liquid runner: 392, supply opening: 3922, dynamic air-flow delivery outlet: 153, dynamic air-flow input port: 154, feed flow push rod: 339, hollow circle wall shape structure: 397, boss: 3971, conduit: 3972, the first openings: 335 ,the second opening: 337, large lid: 340, large lid inner seal ring: 341, large lid inner convex platform: 342, paddle: 350, paddle blade: 351, paddle eddy current circle: 352, paddle and the numerous barrel shell connector of expansion: 353, beam barrel portion: 3531, connect outward flange: 3532, the outer connecting shaft of paddle holds 3541, the inline bearing of paddle: 3542, paddle lower bearing: 3543, on paddle, seal: 355, paddle lower seal: 356, paddle is connected lower coupler with paddle motor: 357, paddle upper coupling: 358, paddle motor: 359, expand numerous cylinder: 370, expand numerous left shell: 371, expand numerous right shell body: 372, expand numerous upper cover: 373, expand numerous low head: 374, expand numerous lower-left end socket: 3741, expand numerous bottom right end socket: 3742, expand numerous cylinder shell and paddle connector: 375, the link slot of ring-type inverted T shape clamp structure: 3751, elasticity inverted T shape flange: 3752, hollow hole: 376, left and right housing connecting sewing: 377, every cylinder: 3781, dividing plate: 3782, bio-carrier: 379, post rod type location liquid supply assembly: 330, fur cap plug: 331, liquid supply assembly inner guiding post: 332, liquid supply assembly inner spring: 333, guide card in liquid supply assembly: 334, liquid level location gap: 336, , spacing duct ring: 338, push rod: 339, push rod adjusting part 339X, push rod sliding part: 3391, push rod mobile screw assembly: 3392, push rod slip screw thread and push rod slip drive motors connection bearing: 3393, push rod slip drive motors bearing block: 3394, push rod slip drive motors: 3395, push rod slip drive motors and subbase connection support: 3396, push rod cap sleeve: 3397, push rod in cap sleeve: 3398, collapsible or lever push rod: 3399, base: 100, control panel: 110, functional switch: 111, timer: 112, air intake fence: 123, bottom: 120, leg: 121, bottom screw column: 125, bottom keeper: 126, the anti-pan position of bottom voltage-stabilized power supply: 127, spout hole: 128, holding screw post: 129, bottom attacker: 122, shell on bellows: 130, fluid storage tank: 300, multipurpose water tank: 302, medicine-chest or fluid storage tank attacker: 310, supply hub: 141, power line: 142, control circuit board: 700, centrifugal fan device: 200, left wind wheel: 210, right wind wheel: 220, blower fan and motor connector: 230, volute of blower: 240, blower motor: 250, blower fan electric capacity: 260, base air channel: 270, jet chamber device: 450, fluidic module and fixture: 451, jet orifice: 452, high velocity air or liquid inflow entrance: 453.
Embodiment
First explanation is, various preferred embodiments about various aspects of the present invention, concept and feature have been described herein, but these descriptions are not the complete or detailed inventories of all embodiments of the present invention, unless otherwise specified, otherwise those descriptions do not show that these features are essential, exclusiveness.The description of the exemplary preferred structure of the application is not to be read as and only limits to this kind of embodiment, unless present specification is clearly set fourth as this kind of situation.And in the situation that not conflicting; even if the Different Optimization means of the application's different embodiment and each embodiment are not set forth in same embodiment; also should be understood as that and can be applied to any other side described here, embodiment or example; unless incompatible or be explicitly excluded outside in this article with it, otherwise combination or sub-portfolio between all embodiments that there is no a limit of the application is all in protection scope of the present invention.Below in conjunction with specification and accompanying drawing, elaborate purport of the present invention and preferred embodiment thereof.
Generally, the application is for solving prior art defect and those skilled in the art's prejudice, creationary proposition will be removed as the fixedly liquid-sucking core of necessary parts or rotation extract circle in prior art always, and change into by sonic oscillation device simpler with coordinating with optimization implementation structure of dynamic air-flow, more convenient operation, dispenser droplet is less, grain spectrum is more concentrated, on dispenser object, deposition still less, coverage density and distributed mass more preferably collect wide spectrum, economize medicine, economize liquid, less manpower, environmental protection, energy-conservation, easy to use, the plurality of advantages low pollutions such as easy cleaning, low expense, the more new and effective device for administration of drugs of effective use for a long time:
Illustrate:
1) the ultra micro drug particles described in the application is to describe from the angle of microcosmic, if no special instructions, the appellations such as the drug particles described in the application, atomization grain drip, atomization medicine drips, liquid grain drips have identical implication with it, and those particle integral body can be described as atomizing steam, medicine spray, cloud etc. conventionally, this area should not distinguished with the scientific definition in strict physics the deciphering of those technical terms of the application.
2) the so-called dynamic air-flow of the present invention, refer at least and partly atomized liquid grain can be dripped to the air-flow carrying away, and the application explains " utilize this dynamic air-flow by described atomization liquid take away in the environment that puts on dispenser target place " do not get rid of and except dynamic air-flow, also there are other transmitting powers atomization liquid (atomizing steam) is carried in the environment at dispenser target place.
3) " gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles " described in the application is dynamic air-flow by medical liquid atomizing, formed ultra micro drug particles carries to formed gaseous flow in the process of outlet.
Generally, the technical scheme of the claimed device for administration of drugs of the application is whole as follows:
a device for administration of drugs, is characterised in that, comprises following structure:
Mist generating device, it comprises that one can receiving medical liquids and be that it provides the spray chamber that space occurs in atomization and sonic oscillation device of described liquid being implemented to atomizing, the oscillating element of this sonic oscillation device is arranged to and described liquid fluid contact, so that described liquid is implemented to oscillation action, makes its atomization;
Air-flow conveying assembly, it comprises air-flow input module and air-flow output precision, wherein air-flow input module is when described sonic oscillation device is constantly by described medical liquid atomizing, to the continuous supplying power air-flow of described spray chamber, described air-flow output precision is taken away the liquid of described atomization put in the environment at dispenser target place.
overall technology effect:
The device for administration of drugs that the application protects is not simply dynamic air-flow to be combined with sonic oscillation device; but considered the advantage that the air-flow of taking offence is combined with sonic oscillation device; by both ingenious cooperation and optimization; both are brought out the best in each other, realize application and two complex art effects that means do not realize separately that limited resources maximum is rationalized most:
1) the supporting power of utilizing dynamic air-flow by the atomization of sonic oscillation device liquid in the larger drop of particle because gravity returns to liquid surface in a large number, reduce atomizing effect, the gaseous flow of sweeping along formation to contain ultra micro drug particles of also utilizing on the other hand dynamic air-flow to drip atomization liquid grain, this gaseous flow makes to produce friction effect between dynamic air-flow and atomization powder and between atomization powder and atomization powder, promote well fragmentation and evaporation that atomization medicine drips, make dispenser droplet less, grain spectrum is more concentrated, on dispenser object, deposition still less, coverage density and distributed mass are better.
2) utilize sonic oscillation device to realize medical liquid atomizing, not only can realize the atomizing to liquid, also can prevent that liquid from precipitation or flocculation reaction occurring, the atomization droplets diameter very little (being generally particulate) simultaneously producing due to supersonic oscillations effect is applicable to dynamic air-flow ground and carries and form with dynamic air-flow the gaseous flow that contains the ultra micro drug particles that particle diameter is less very much.
3) the present invention becomes aerosolizable liquid by the atomization of sonic oscillation device and in conjunction with dynamic air-flow, to realize dispenser process again applied Pharmaceutical Fitting, make no matter institute's dispenser thing is solid agent or pulvis or suspending agent or liquid agent or finish, no matter its volatility does not still have volatility, no matter be chemically-reactive substance or biological active matter, also no matter it is the weed killer herbicide that kills or prevent pest, insecticide, bactericide, disinfectant, antibiotic, immunizing agent, still promote micro-fertilizer of crop growth or the bio-hormone of adjusting crop growth state, or for removing remains of pesticide, sulphur dioxide exceeds standard, the biological active matter of the harmful substances such as formaldehyde, can both realize efficient dispenser process, the universality of device for administration of drugs strengthens greatly.Certainly, the medicine that makes described in the application exists with aerosolizable liquid form before dispenser, can be both the configuration having completed before producer dispatches from the factory, and can be also the configuration oneself completing before user's dispenser.
4) the present invention is when utilizing the oscillation action of sonic oscillation device, ultrasonic energy has three kinds of transition forms, part ultrasonic energy makes medical liquid atomizing and forms the gaseous flow of ultra micro drug particles with dynamic air-flow, another part ultrasonic energy makes liquid form the liquid post with certain altitude potential energy, liquid post also can be owing to the impact of liquid liquid level being reached to the object that stirs liquid when dropping to liquid surface, a part of ultrasonic energy of waste discharges the temperature that can be used to provide liquid with the form of heat energy, be conducive to improve the atomizing effect of sonic oscillation device, realize the application that limited resources maximum is rationalized most.
5) because applied medicine ingredient is different, what have contains certain or multiple effective chemical active ingredient or component, the list that contains having is planted or several mineral materials composition or component, the list that contains having is planted or multiple effective chemistry or bioactive organic principle or component, has plenty of the natural frond extract that contains complicated ingredient, thereby liquid surface may produce the atomizing effect that a large amount of foams affects sonic oscillation device under the effect of sonic oscillation device, and applying of dynamic air-flow also can be played the technique effect that presses down bubble or froth breaking.
6) the present invention utilize dynamic air-flow by atomization liquid take away and put in the environment at dispenser target place, due to carrying that dynamic air-flow drips atomization medicine, make to adopt the shower nozzle of device for administration of drugs of the present invention on can abandoning tradition meaning by air-flow, to carry in the environment that is applied to dispenser target place, and act on dispenser target in the mode of free disperse, also make thus the present invention in the situation that there is no nozzle component, not only simplify structure and the cost of labor of device for administration of drugs, also make existing conventional device for administration of drugs need to rely on shower nozzle to regulate the size of dispenser particle diameter to become history, also make to be stopped up by shower nozzle simultaneously, damage, the race that the reasons such as improper use cause, emit, leak, the phenomenon such as dripping has obtained thoroughly doing away with up hill and dale.Moreover, also obtain better pesticide supplying effect, because the present invention is carried to medical liquid atomizing in the space at dispenser target place to discharge by dynamic air-flow, make drug particles mode with free disperse in the environment of dispenser target place act on dispenser target, obtain comprehensively three-dimensional, all-pervasive pesticide supplying effect, simultaneously because the transmitting power of air-flow can also be realized larger dispenser scope, and the coverage density on dispenser object and the uniformity of distribution are all better than prior art far away, also make thus the relative prior art of the present invention be more suitable in dispenser target many, under the large situation of shared environment space, use.
7) due to above-mentioned 1)-6) some advantage comprehensive existence, less and the particle diameter of the gaseous flow mist droplet particle size that contains ultra micro drug particles that device for administration of drugs that the application proposes forms is more evenly distributed, and more easily by dispenser object especially crops, absorbed, reduced the ineffective deposition amount of institute's dispenser thing.
Accompanying drawing below in conjunction with the application: Fig. 1~Figure 54, detailed description the application's device for administration of drugs.
one, relevant device for administration of drugs:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, specifically describe the application's device for administration of drugs and preferred embodiment thereof.
Described herein, without prejudice to inventive concept in the situation that, the application is also embodied on the corresponding component or structure of this device for administration of drugs equally at the described technique effect of embodiment part.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the application's device for administration of drugs, comprises following a few part on the whole:
mist generating device:it comprises that one provides the spray chamber 391 that space and air-flow transfer passage occur in atomization and the sonic oscillation device 360 of described liquid being implemented to atomizing for liquid, this sonic oscillation device has and is arranged to and the oscillating element of described liquid in fluid contact relation, implements oscillation action make its atomization with the liquid in described spray chamber;
air-flow conveying assembly:it comprises air-flow input module and air-flow output precision, and wherein air-flow input module is when described sonic oscillation device 360 is constantly by described medical liquid atomizing, to the continuous supplying power air-flow of described spray chamber 391; Air-flow output precision, takes away the gaseous flow of described dynamic air-flow and the formation of described atomization liquid put in the environment at dispenser target place.
Although it is interrelated with function that above-mentioned component part can be prepared into several relatively independent modules, but for ease of Operation & use, the application is preferably made into one by medical liquid atomizing generating means, air-flow conveying assembly and is convenient to the compact single unit system that moves and carry.Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, elaborate and variously preferred embodiment the structure of device for administration of drugs of the present invention is arranged to detailed description.
embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, from overall structure, the present embodiment device for administration of drugs integral body is the combining structure of a compactness.Wherein, the spray chamber 391 of mist generating device is arranged on the roughly centre position of device for administration of drugs, be used for the space and the place that medical liquid atomizing are provided and form ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow, sonic oscillation device 360 is arranged on the bottom of spray chamber 391 inside in the mode of integration member.For making the compact conformation of device for administration of drugs, the air-flow output precision that air-flow conveying assembly is divided into dynamic air-flow input module and contains drug particles (being called for short air-flow output precision) two large divisions, wherein dynamic air-flow input module comprises the bellows 130 that are provided with pressure fan 200 in, it is arranged on the left side of spray chamber 391, the dynamic air-flow providing is by the dynamic air-flow input port 154 input spray chambers 391 on the left wall of spray chamber 391 being adjacent, the final gaseous flow that contains drug particles that generates and export at spray chamber 391 is sent outside device for administration of drugs by the air-flow output precision that is arranged on gaseous flow delivery outlet 420 places at spray chamber 391 tops.The amount of liquid medicine that feeds spray chamber 391 for favourable control is to guarantee atomization quantity and atomizing effect, the present embodiment is also at the opposite side relative with bellows of spray chamber 391, one fluid storage tank 300 is set, between this fluid storage tank and spray chamber 391, be provided with runner and liquid location liquid feed device to ensure and to control the feed flow to spray chamber 391, during use, liquid first injects fluid storage tank 300 again in the input port infeed spray chamber by the liquid to be atomized on the right wall of spray chamber 391.Although being the necessary feed pipe that passes through such as alternative, directly from the export-oriented spray chamber 391 of device for administration of drugs, do not supply this fluid storage tank 300, but this structure seems simple essence, in use need outer to draw that feed pipe operation is pretty troublesome is also unfavorable for that the integral body of device for administration of drugs controls automatically, so the present embodiment preferably arranges a fluid storage tank to guarantee the feed flow controlled to spray chamber 391.
The preferred dynamic air-flow of the present embodiment is air stream.For this kind of source of the gas, prior art is all to adopt special firing equipment to make it have uniform temperature to guarantee atomizing effect for it provides heat.But the present embodiment, is preferably provided with an air channel, bottom 270 being communicated with bellows fluid in the bottom of bellows, this air channel, bottom arranges the bottom of whole device for administration of drugs with base form, can be used for supporting on the one hand the parts such as bellows, spray chamber 391, two, its inside produces used heat while being used to arrange the work such as the voltage-stablizer of sonic oscillation device and the drive motors of fluid storage tank agitating device and the electric control element of control system and circuit board and needs the electric component of heat radiation, when being moved, those can need the electric component of heat radiation to be arranged in air channel, bottom, not only make those parts that need to dispel the heat obtain good heat radiation, thereby its used heat also can heat the input temp that the air being inhaled in air channel, bottom improves dynamic air-flow, make this device for administration of drugs not only can improve nebulization efficiency, improve the generation of ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow and the pesticide supplying effect of device for administration of drugs, can also obtain good energy-saving effect and make the overall structure of this device for administration of drugs and technique become more simple.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, for the said structure of the present embodiment, do further and illustrate:
(1), about spray chamber:
As shown in Fig. 1, Figure 34, Figure 13~Figure 15, for ease of the dismounting of sonic oscillation device 360 and the cleaning of spray chamber 391, the present embodiment is preferably processed into spray chamber the Split type structure that upper and lower two parts form, its middle and lower part is divided into box 390 at the bottom of the feed flow of upper shed, top is divided into kuppe 410, and both provide medical liquid atomizing together and form the required space of ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow dismountable combining between the higher and lower levels.This space should not be too small and should provide enough flow processs make atomization liquor granule be not to be sent once mixing with air-flow, and the atomizing particle that should make dynamic air-flow and atomization liquid is thoroughly mixed to form the less more uniform gaseous flow of contained drug grain diameter, but should be not excessive yet, with prevent some atomizations liquor granule because flow process in container is long, return in a large number the atomizer pesticide supplying effect that liquid surface affects supersonic atomizer.
Further, as shown in figure 34, at the bottom of the feed flow of spray chamber box one sidewall form liquid to be atomized for entrance 392 so that liquid to be atomized flows at the bottom of feed flow 391 position in box 390, for 360 effects of integrated form sonic oscillation device, there are atomizations; On another sidewall of box at the bottom of feed flow, be provided with dynamic air-flow input port 154, for dynamic air-flow, enter in spray chamber the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles is taken away and formed to produced atomization medicine mist in time; At the top of kuppe, gaseous flow delivery outlet 420 is set, so that gaseous flow flows out spray chamber.
The application supplies entrance by the above-mentioned liquid to spray chamber, dynamic air-flow input port, the delivery outlet that contains ultra micro medicine gaseous flow and and the best relation that is oppositely arranged of liquid liquid level and the design of these parameters of angle between the axis of the delivery outlet of gaseous flow and the axis of dynamic air-flow input port, there is no input and the output function of simply being given liquid and air-flow, but considered the impact of air-flow on medical liquid atomizing quality and gaseous flow formation and output effect of taking offence, by cooperation and the optimization of parameter, for the atomizing of take offence air-flow and sonic oscillation device provides the combination more bringing out the best in each other, realize the application of limited resources maximum reasonable and the complex art effect that means all do not realize separately.
For the above-mentioned spray chamber of the application, the also following further improvement of creationary proposition of the application, makes the relative prior art of the present invention can obtain more significant technique effect:
1, about the setting of box at the bottom of feed flow
In actual agricultural production, more numerous and diverse and the various especially agricultural chemicals of kind of medicine, after each dispenser finishes, in order to improve effect and the safety of using next time, all need device for administration of drugs to carry out necessary cleaning, but be subject to the restriction of device for administration of drugs structure, it is preferred that this process is difficult to reach desired actual effect, for this reason the application by feed flow at the bottom of the further optimal design of box:
As Figure 34, shown in Fig. 1, at the bottom of this enforcement feed flow, box is also improved to a trapezium structure, the part coordinating with kuppe is positioned at the bottom of trapezium structure, the internal face of bottom forms a cavity 391, be used as the chamber 391 that sonic oscillation device is set and holds the required liquid of atomization, and the step top that is extended up to a higher position by bottom coordinates with the bottom of fluid storage tank 300, on the one hand with it, support fluid storage tank and provide fluid storage tank and installing space that parts are required, the feed flow runner 392 that utilizes on the one hand inner wall surface thereof to form to be communicated with bottom cavity 391 is with by the cavity 391 at box sonic oscillation device place at the bottom of the liquid supply spray chamber inflow feed flow providing in fluid storage tank, preferably, described feed flow runner is the smooth runner with certain slope.
Further preferably, as shown in figure 34, for making liquid can facilitate, controllably flow into the cavity 391 at spray chamber sonic oscillation device place from fluid storage tank, on the runner 392 of box at the bottom of above-mentioned connection fluid storage tank and feed flow, be provided with the push rod 339 that is communicated with or closes with runner 392 for controlling fluid storage tank 300, at the bottom of fluid storage tank is seated in feed flow on the bottom surface on the top of box time, this push rod 339 is for opening fluid storage tank 300, make its liquid to runner flow out (concrete push rod how to control fluid storage tank liquid 300 liquids output in the back fluid storage tank partly will elaborate).
Further, as shown in Figure 1, the application preferably arranges a power-actuated mixing plant 350 in fluid storage tank 300, for realizing with simple compact structure the installation of mixing plant driver part, the box upper inside wall face position corresponding with shaft at the bottom of feed flow, upwards protuberance forms a hollow circle wall shape structure 397, as Figure 34, shown in Figure 52, the rotating shaft bottom of mixing plant or the shaft coupling being connected with rotating shaft can be arranged at least partly in hollow circle wall shape structure 397 and drive and be connected with drive motors 359, so the space that arranges of mixing plant driving mechanism has been saved in design on the one hand, also make on the other hand position that rotating shaft passes box at the bottom of feed flow in a higher position, thereby prevent that liquid from passing leakage from the rotating shaft of box at the bottom of feed flow.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 34, at the bottom of the present embodiment feed flow, box upper inside wall face also forms one lower than the boss 3971 of hollow circle wall shape structure upper surface in the periphery of hollow circle wall shape structure 397, and the periphery of boss forms a conduit being communicated with runner 3972.Further preferred, the extreme lower position of conduit and runner is all designed to be greater than to the high workload liquid level face of box at the bottom of spray chamber feed flow, the upper surface of hollow circle wall shape structure 397 higher than circularthe extreme higher position of conduit.
So the design of boss can obtain following technique effect:
(1), at the bottom of the bottom outer wall face of fluid storage tank, feed flow the top of box, the superstructure shape of base is corresponding:
Be formed on the conduit 3972 of box upper inside wall face at the bottom of feed flow and the mounting limit structure that boss 3971 can be used as fluid storage tank, corresponding with this structure, one recess and the protuberance corresponding with this boss formed on the bottom of fluid storage tank, at the bottom of fluid storage tank is arranged on feed flow, during the top of box, fluid storage tank can not rock and be knocked over easily; Preferably, as shown in Figure 36~Figure 42, be located at large lid structure and this conduit 3972 and boss 3971 corresponding matching of fluid storage tank bottom, be arranged in shaft joint 358 on the paddle of large lid and can stretch into the lower coupler 357 that the hollow circle wall shape structure 397 of box 390 is connected with paddle motor at the bottom of feed flow and connect and coordinate, and large cap body inwall and cover greatly in paddle on cavity between shaft joint 358 outer walls can the round wall shape of the hollow of box at the bottom of feed flow 390 structure 397 is included; Equally, at the bottom of arrangement feed flow, the position base of box position has a slightly thin round wall shape structure mutually with box at the bottom of feed flow with echoing, the lower coupler 357 being connected with paddle motor is positioned at wherein, when box at the bottom of feed flow is arranged on base, at the bottom of feed flow, the hollow of box 390 circle wall shape structure 397 just can be included by the thin round wall shape structure of the summary on base; Like this, even if there is leakage in large lid sealing, at the bottom of leakage also exists only in feed flow, box hollow is justified outside wall shape structure 397, also outside the round wall shape structure that only summary on base is thin at most, being present in the leakage outside box hollow circle wall shape structure 397 at the bottom of feed flow flows into liquid runner 392 places of box at the bottom of feed flows along boss 3971 and conduit 3972 and enters spray chamber, be present in leakage outside base circle wall shape structure and flow at the bottom of feed flow and be contained in the position base under box 391 positions, the measure of several roads can effectively prevent that leakage from entering in paddle motor or base air channel.
(2), utilize the setting of boss 3971 make at the bottom of feed flow box internal face at the bottom of boss periphery forms annular channel 3972 and feed flow box upper inside wall towards the reduction of annular channel, liquid medicine collecting on boss 3971 can be sent in spray chamber by runner to unified in conduit, to prevent liquid from can not fully flow in the cavity of box bottom at the bottom of feed flow, be trapped in the waste that liquid is caused at some dead angle of box at the bottom of feed flow.
, because propeller drive shaft has higher height from the extended position of box at the bottom of feed flow, can effectively prevent that the running clearance that liquid coordinates with box at the bottom of feed flow from rotating shaft of stirrer from revealing because of poorly sealed, thereby greatly reduce sealing load.
For above-mentioned hollow circle wall shape structure, boss, conduit, runner, if further carry out following optimal design, also can obtain better technique effect:
As shown in figure 34, box internal face at the bottom of being positioned at the feed flow of conduit periphery is designed to conduit, reduce gradually, and conduit also reduces gradually to runner entrance, runner also reduces gradually to the supply opening 3922 of spray chamber.So, reduction by liquid flow direction position height can make be no matter the controlled outflow of box at the bottom of feed flow liquid or due to the reason seepage such as poorly sealed flow out at the bottom of feed flow on box upper wall surface liquid, can be sent fully to the bottom of box at the bottom of feed flow and be used to atomization, thereby avoided the stagnant phenomenon producing in liquid supply process, both avoid the waste of liquid, also reduced cleaning.And it is further preferred, the extreme lower position of conduit and runner is all designed to be greater than to the high workload liquid level face of box at the bottom of spray chamber feed flow, the upper surface of hollow circle wall shape structure 397, higher than the extreme higher position of conduit 3972, further reaches and effectively prevents that liquid from entering the technique effect of machine intimate.
At the bottom of the application's feed flow, box has not only formed the bottom of spray chamber, also by the step-like bottom that is extended to fluid storage tank, and form on wall within it and be communicated with fluid storage tank fluid and there is the runner of potential difference and have the conduit of potential difference with runner, at the bottom of making fluid storage tank liquid can be easy to from the fluid storage tank of higher position to the feed flow of lower position, the cavity of box flows to, also make to be created in liquid outside runner can by be arranged in boss periphery conduit flow to the cavity that runner flows to box bottom at the bottom of feed flow together with feed flow.In addition at the bottom of feed flow, box extends at fluid storage tank, the bottom of these easy generation liquid outflows in service of spray chamber, make at the bottom of feed flow box just as one barrier and connect dish, favourablely prevented that the parts (as critical components such as stirring motors) that arrange in its lower section from being made dirty by liquid, even cause the short circuit of motor, also make this device for administration of drugs can be only disassembled simply by box at the bottom of feed flow just very easily clean, because in actual agricultural production, the kind of agricultural chemicals is more numerous and diverse and various, after each dispenser finishes, in order to improve effect and the safety of using next time, all need device for administration of drugs to carry out necessary cleaning, but be subject to the restriction of device for administration of drugs structure, this process is difficult to reach desired actual effect, and this setting of box at the bottom of the application's feed flow, to improve actual pesticide supplying effect and the operation that facilitates actual user, while cleaning after dispenser operation, only box at the bottom of feed flow need be taken off, and will whole device for administration of drugs all do not take in one's arms to clean only need to clean lower feed flow at the bottom of box just passable.
It should be noted that, above-mentioned setting for box at the bottom of feed flow, if do not consider the technique effect of the favourable cleaning of box at the bottom of feed flow, in fact can cancel box at the bottom of feed flow, and directly utilize the upper end face of base (the application is optimized for air channel, bottom by base) to form the similar structures of box at the bottom of feed flow, as sonic oscillation device is set and the required cavity (as shown in Figure 1) of atomization liquid is also enforceable, but brought great inconvenience can to like this cleaning of product, when needs clean spray chamber bottom and each parts, whole base or whole machine need to have been removed and cleaned, it is very inconvenient to use.And at the bottom of feed flow box this seem extremely simple structure setting, but make the application's feed flow at the bottom of box there is the remarkable technique effect of achieving many things at one stroke, be the large income of little improvement.
For the above-mentioned two kinds of embodiments of the application, the application also can provide another embodiment, as shown in figure 34, the upper end face of base (the application is optimized for air channel, bottom by base) forms the planform of entirely mating with outer box wall at the bottom of above-mentioned feed flow, make together with box can coincide with the upper end face of base (the application is optimized for air channel, bottom by base) at the bottom of feed flow coupling, just as a copy part, be fitted on the upper end face of base, not only overall structure is more simple compact, also further improves the effect of the anti-dirty easy cleaning of single unit system.
2, about the setting of kuppe:
As shown in Fig. 1, Figure 10~Figure 17, for convenience of setting and the replacing of sonic oscillation device, clean, kuppe, by dismountable being assembled together of left and right two halves housing, makes kuppe have dismountable convenient, flexible property.Further, as shown in Figure 10, Figure 13 and Figure 14, kuppe is also optimized for double-decker (shell body is 411, inner housing is 421), so can be in the situation that not changing outward appearance and affecting other respective outer side edges, utilize its inwall to form smooth runner, optimize the generation of atomization liquid and gaseous flow and draw effect, as shown in figure 14, the present embodiment is designed to arc inner wall by the front and rear wall of the inner housing of kuppe and the inwall of kuppe is restrained to top gaseous flow delivery outlet, one reduces flow losses, and two increase the outputting power of gaseous flow; Further preferred, on the inner housing of kuppe, also form pod apertures 4211, as shown in figure 14, make to escape into from left and right housing binding site liquid that the medicine spray film between inner and outer shell produces and again drawn back and in spray chamber, carry out atomization.
Further preferred, the application is for making kuppe more fully also can efficiently be carried off and well-mixed space by dynamic air-flow for liquid provides atomization, the present embodiment is preferred, and as shown in Figure 13~Figure 15, kuppe is preferably divided into three sections from bottom to top: envelope liquid section 471; Fog channel section 472; Go out mist section 473, and be to prevent that kuppe 410 and the junction of box at the bottom of feed flow from producing liquid outflow, kuppe 410 envelope liquid sections 471 form one and tighten up that mouthful to inject at the bottom of feed flow box inner and be close to box inwall at the bottom of feed flow, so not only prevent from leaking out, even if also make liquid sputter at also can be left on kuppe at the bottom of feed flow in box and reach the technique effect that prevents leakage, preferably, insertion depth is advisable between 15~30mm.
The liquid supply opening 3922 of above-mentioned spray chamber is arranged on sealing liquid section, and the air inlet 154 of dynamic air-flow is arranged between sealing liquid section and fog channel section, and dynamic air current delivery outlet 420 is arranged on out the port of mist section.
It should be noted that: although kuppe from physical arrangement for the component part of spray chamber and contributed the required space of medical liquid atomizing, but in fact it also has the effect of pneumatic conveyer for it, for the conveying of medicine mist and the generation of gaseous flow and send the flowing space and transfer passage are provided, in view of these effects of kuppe, the application also increases following improvement to kuppe:
(1), the disappear setting of foam rib 441: as shown in Figure 13~Figure 15, in the preferred fog channel section of kuppe 410 inwall, be formed with the foam rib 441 that disappears, not only can reduce or eliminate bubble or foam that ultrasonic oscillator produced in the course of the work, thereby weaken because of bubble or foam ultrasonic oscillator the interference of medical liquid atomizing amount and atomization ability and impact, while also contributing to end-of-job because bubble or foam cause the impact on residue liquid residual volume; Can also play drainage to atomized flow, power air stream, prevent liquid outflow simultaneously.
Preferably, the foam rib that disappears roughly longitudinally arranges along kuppe, so not only can better realize above-mentioned effect, is also unlikely to increase the resistance that gaseous flow is drawn.Further preferred, the rib top of the foam rib that disappears is pinnacle, and the effect of eliminating foam reagent of the foam rib that can make to disappear is better.
(2), the setting of diversion comb 442:as shown in figure 13, at kuppe, be provided with on the sidewall (the left wall adjacent with bellows) of dynamic air-flow input port and be not only formed with the foam rib 441 that disappears, also at the air flow stream outgoing direction of dynamic air-flow input port, be provided with diversion comb 442, this diversion comb consists of horizontal diversion comb part 4421 and vertical diversion comb part 4422, specifically as shown in figure 13, horizontal diversion comb part 4421 extending transversely certain length in direction spray chamber from the dynamic air-flow input port of kuppe, preferred 20 ~ 35m place, to box below bending at the bottom of feed flow, extend to form vertical diversion comb part 4422 again, so can obtain following significantly technique effect:
First, utilizing diversion comb that dynamic air-flow input port is separated into several little dynamic air-flow input ports makes dynamic air-flow be sent uniformly to spray chamber, the excessive air intake of air-flow momentum that can prevent from the taking offence supersonic oscillations liquid post that blows down causes the loss without reason of sonic oscillation energy, also (sonic oscillation device has little time vibration and just by dynamic air-flow, is swept along and take out of to greatly reduce invalid atomization quantity, but near finally mostly returning to spray chamber or be deposited to device for administration of drugs because droplet is too large, fail to arrive dispenser target), thereby atomization generating capacity and the Energy Efficiency Ratio of device for administration of drugs of the present invention have effectively been improved.
Second, the formed horizontal water diversion part of diversion comb and vertical water conservancy diversion two parts not only can play the effect of guiding dynamic air-flow, the excessive air intake of air-flow momentum that can also prevent from the taking offence supersonic oscillations liquid post that blows down, thereby reduced the loss without reason of sonic oscillation energy, also (sonic oscillation device has little time vibration and just by dynamic air-flow, is swept along and take out of to greatly reduce invalid atomization quantity, but near finally mostly returning to spray chamber or be deposited to device for administration of drugs because droplet is too large, fail to arrive dispenser target), atomization generating capacity and the Energy Efficiency Ratio of device for administration of drugs of the present invention have effectively been improved.
For above-mentioned diversion comb structure, also further optimize:
As shown in figure 13, for reducing unnecessary fluid resistance loss, preferably between diversion comb 442 wide * height=20~35mm * 17~55mm, preferred wide * height=25mm * 27mm, the vertical broach width of diversion comb is greater than horizontal broach width.
On the broach that the broach of diversion comb especially vertically arranges, also further preferably also form the foam rib 441 that disappears.
(3), blocking solution dike443 setting:as shown in figure 13, the end of the vertical water diversion part of diversion comb also forms a blocking solution dike 443, be connected to the end of each vertical water conservancy diversion broach, to prevent that the generation that liquid flows backwards and causes machine intimate drops physic liquor or ooze liquid phenomenon from appearring when the uneven duty in device for administration of drugs, also can improve by being connected to diversion comb end the bulk strength of diversion comb simultaneously.
(4), the setting of prominent tip 445:as shown in figure 13, the end of blocking solution dike 443 is also formed with a plurality of downward prominent tips 445, not only can strengthen the guide functions of diversion comb, also the foam producing in medical liquid atomizing process is had to the effect of puncturing, thereby greatly reduce the generation of foam in this device for administration of drugs atomization process, preventing that atomization liquid from entering because producing a large amount of foams the generation that machine intimate causes drops physic liquor or oozes liquid phenomenon brokenly, is one action multiple-effect.
The setting of above-mentioned diversion comb, blocking solution dike, prominent tip, can be integrally formed, and also can form respectively, is preferably integrally formed.In addition, in the situation that the effect of blocking solution dike guarantees by standard operation person and other control device, can cancel blocking solution dike, make, between each broach of diversion comb, blocking solution dike is not separately set endways, so not only make each broach of diversion comb there is good shunting to dynamic air-flow, drainage, can also make each broach there is good drain effect, the drop that makes to produce on kuppe wall can be easy to guide in box at the bottom of the feed flow of diversion comb below, and can preferably at each broach end, also can form downward prominent tip, the liquid by it that it not only can be favourable is introduced at the bottom of the feed flow of spray chamber bottom of its below in box, can also there is the effect of puncturing to the foam producing in atomization process, there is good the effect of eliminating foam reagent, the effect that generation is achieved many things at one stroke.
In addition, horizontal water diversion part and vertical water diversion part for diversion comb can also wholely form an arc structure, or the horizontal diversion comb of cancellation part is directly partly formed at vertical diversion comb the air-flow input port of kuppe as shown in figure 14, by input port along stretching downwards.
(5), the setting of resistance foam net 449:as shown in Figure 16, Figure 17, while containing various single farm chemical ingredients that plant or compound, disinfectant composition, organic or inorganic composition in solution, when being subject to the External Force Acting of similar stirring action, just can produce all size and big or small bubble or foam, thereby have a strong impact on practical effect or have a strong impact on the safety and stability performance of machine.For this reason, as shown in figure 17, the application can also arrange a dismountable individual components before the internal face of spray chamber---resistance foam net 449, the surface of this resistance foam net is formed with the little grid of numerous 1~3 * 1~3mm2 specifications, preferably be arranged on other walls of non-dynamic air-flow entrance place wall of spray chamber, before inwall before or after spray chamber and/or the side inwall relative with dynamic air-flow input port.Concrete fixed form can be arranged on the inwall of spray chamber by removablies such as clamping, grafting, screw are fixing, also can clamping, grafting, screw be fixing etc., and removably is arranged on the sonic oscillation device that is positioned at spray chamber bottom.No matter adopt which kind of mode, as shown in Figure 16, Figure 17, the resistance foam net 449 little grids by 1~3 * 1~3mm2 specifications numerous on it can effectively be blocked in this kind of bubble or foam at the bottom of feed flow in box region, prevent that bubble or foam from being swept along down from the arbitrary structures gap effusion machine of machine and causing the excessive of liquid outward by wind-force, by its on the safety and stability performance of machine may affect and threat drops to minimum level, and then improve practical effect.
Finally also it should be noted that:
1) for the application, more above-mentioned parts belong to spray chamber or belong to the structure of the air-flow conveying assembly the following describes, be not absolute, as some improvement structures of diversion comb, dynamic air-flow input port, gaseous flow delivery outlet, kuppe are all formed on the wall of spray chamber from physical location, but from its function, but the generation and the output that are mainly reflected in the gaseous flow of improving the input of dynamic air-flow and containing ultra micro drug particles are upper, so those parts see that from function being regarded as is that the structure of pneumatic conveyer is also fine.
2) level, vertical these direction technical terms, should not be understood to absolute, and should be understood as approximate horizontal generally, vertical implication roughly.
(2), the optimization of sonic oscillation device:
For can constantly form the effect of the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles, the present invention has abandoned prior art take the liquid raising device that porous material is carrier.Because we test discovery, when when using the relatively poor agricultural chemicals species of dissolubility, undissolved some drugs molecule is easily stopped by the micro-pore of porous material, can cause the waste without reason of part agricultural chemicals, also can have influence on the actual effect of applying pesticides, its advantage has become shortcoming on the contrary.Meanwhile, due to the difference of various places actual conditions, liquid matter is widely different, uses for a long time, and the area that liquid matter hardness is high, easily occurs that liquid alkali stops up the phenomenon of the liquid raising device of porous material carrier, has increased in the use on the one hand trouble and workload; In addition, after dispenser finishes, in the further cleaning of device for administration of drugs, also can easily occur cleaning and thoroughly, easily not damage the disadvantages such as these parts.
And utilize sonic oscillation device can realize the object of medical liquid atomizing, intensification and medicinal liquid agitating simultaneously, the result of use with a thing triple effect, on the one hand liquid is atomized, absorb on the one hand the heat energy heating liquid producing in sonic oscillation process and promote atomization, utilize hyperacoustic oscillation action on the one hand and the fluid column that constantly forms and fall is realized stirring action.
Under specifically describing below about the improvement of sonic oscillation apparatus structure part.
1, the set-up mode of sonic oscillation device
Sonic oscillation principle itself is very simple.Its atomizing to liquid is that the oscillating element (as ceramic transduction piece) contacting with liquid by sonic oscillation device is realized, specific works principle is to utilize ultrasonic oscillation element to launch ultrasonic in liquid, utilize hyperacoustic oscillation action that liquid is broken and produce the ultra micro fog-like liquid particulate that diameter is μ m level (3-10 μ m conventionally), because the drug particles generating is ultramicro powder, be very beneficial for the absorption of the plant life bodies such as dispenser target absorption, especially crops.And we are applied in device for administration of drugs, be not only also because this point, to have seen that its oscillating element electronic section can produce heat in the course of the work, to the effect of heating of the liquid particle of atomization, in addition liquid itself also can produce heat under hyperacoustic oscillation action, thereby be particularly conducive to the formation of ultra micro drug particles and the absorption of dispenser target, these effects have the application of sonic oscillation device in spraying equipment field and are different from the unforeseeable technique effect that other field is applied.
No matter which kind of set-up mode sonic oscillation device 360 adopts, the atomizing of liquid is all implemented to atomizing by 366 pairs of liquids of its oscillating element and realize, if the ceramic transduction piece of disc-shape is the oscillating element form of the normal employing of sonic oscillation device in the market.And no matter sonic oscillation device is to adopt a plurality of independently ultrasonic oscillators or adopt an integrated form ultrasonic oscillator, as long as guarantee that its oscillating element contacts with liquid, just can make liquid generation atomizing.But for sonic oscillation device, be arranged on the mode directly contacting with liquid in container, the best choice set accepted way of doing sth of ultrasonic oscillator sonic oscillation device, so that clean.The application's sonic oscillation device preferably following these two kinds of embodiments is realized:
(1), sonic oscillation device the first set-up mode:
As shown in figure 23, sonic oscillation device is formed by a ultrasonic oscillator or by a plurality of independently ultrasonic oscillators unit, be arranged on the wall of box at the bottom of feed flow, only its oscillating element/ceramic transduction piece sees through the perforate on box wall at the bottom of feed flow and contacts and apply oscillation action with the liquid of box at the bottom of feed flow.
Concrete, as shown in figure 23, on the diapire of box at the bottom of feed flow, form 3~10 perforates that are positioned at lower position, or 3~10 ultrasonic oscillators (part because projection relation is not shown) that belong to same integrated form sonic oscillation device or belong to different ultrasonic oscillators are located on the diapire of box at the bottom of feed flow, see through those perforates and contact and implement atomizing with the liquid in box at the bottom of feed flow, bottom its underpart is preferably arranged in air channel or can with air channel, bottom fluid contact.Further, for the energy loss that prevents that the unordered transmission of sonic oscillation energy in liquid from causing, at the bottom of feed flow, on the diapire of box, also form and cut off (as shown in figure 23), but for guaranteeing the circulation effect of liquid in box at the bottom of feed flow, the so-called partition is not to cut off completely, but have opening on cutting off, make the liquid between the corresponding vibration of each oscillating element region can also have certain circulation;
Above-mentioned embodiment, can bring following technique effect:
1) due to sonic oscillation device, be arranged on the outside of box at the bottom of feed flow, be convenient to very much dismounting and the replacing of ultrasonic oscillator, be also convenient to start as required the number of ultrasonic oscillator.
2) sonic oscillation device can be easy to be arranged on the lower position place of box at the bottom of feed flow, makes this device not need the liquid liquid level that remains very high, and atomizing effect is good, and dispenser to finish rear invalid amount of liquid medicine few.
3) sonic oscillation device inoperative part can be arranged in air channel, bottom, not only make sonic oscillation device obtain good cooling, the used heat producing while also making the work of sonic oscillation device is utilized heating and feeds from air channel, bottom the input temp that improves dynamic air-flow bellows.
But the deficiency of aforesaid way is that the requirement to sealing between box at the bottom of sonic oscillation device and feed flow is very high, if airtight quality is bad, easily causes liquid leakage.For this reason, the application also proposes the embodiment that the second seal request is lower:
(2), sonic oscillation device the second set-up mode:
As shown in figure 22, select an integrated form sonic oscillation device, be placed in the liquid of the inside of box at the bottom of the feed flow of spray chamber liquid is covered it completely, and only oscillating element really contacts enforcement oscillation action as ceramic transduction piece exposes seal casinghousing with the liquid in spray chamber.Overall structure is as follows:
Integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 comprises seal casinghousing 360, liquid level control piece 361 and 3~10 ultrasonic oscillators 366, and those oscillating elements expose seal casinghousing and contact with liquid.
Visible this kind of embodiment needn't be to medical liquid container perforate, does not relate to the sealing difficulty problem with medical liquid container, easy operation simple in structure, and owing to adopting seal casinghousing Integrated design, therefore greatly improved the convenience of safety and the dismounting of product.But this mode, because whole sonic oscillation device is arranged in the liquid of box inside at the bottom of feed flow, the normal work of the liquid level guarantee sonic oscillation device that certainly will have relatively high expectations, and device for administration of drugs finishes rear easy residual liquor, need frequent cleaning and also cause the waste of liquid and the waste of liquid resource.
For above-mentioned two kinds of modes, the application is usingd the second way as preferred embodiment, because it does not have the seal request that first kind of way is so high, is difficult for causing the medicine of container to reveal, and job security is higher.
(3), other Optimized Measures of sonic oscillation device:
When supersonic oscillations device by dismountable be arranged on feed flow at the bottom of during the bottom of inside of box, in box at the bottom of described feed flow along being provided with guide rod in liquid level direction, described its seal casinghousing of supersonic oscillations device can be slidably mounted on this guide rod, further preferred, in box at the bottom of described feed flow, can also be provided with the measure that increases or reduce buoyancy to the seal casinghousing of described supersonic oscillations device, to facilitate, be chosen in the occupation mode to supersonic oscillations device under different objects and condition.
2, the running parameter of supersonic oscillations device
Although there are on the market a lot of supersonic oscillations devices for humidifier, although these also can be used on the application's device for administration of drugs for the supersonic oscillations device of humidifier, but consider that device for administration of drugs is not exclusively same as again humidifier, the atomization difficulty of liquid is greater than water, therefore select to be applicable to the running parameter of the supersonic oscillations device of device for administration of drugs atomizing and can well control grain size and the particle diameter distribution consistency degree that atomization medicine drips, also can greatly reduce atomization medicine simultaneously and drip the ineffective dose of returning to liquid surface, not only can improve thus nebulization efficiency and the effect of supersonic oscillations device, can also make the present invention be not used in the too many transmitting power of input just can drip atomization medicine to take away smoothly in the environment that puts on dispenser target place.Therefore, the frequency of the supersonic oscillations device that our suggestion is selected more usedly than humidifier by the supersonic oscillations device operating frequency of device for administration of drugs is slightly larger, its operating frequency is configured to work being greater than under the frequency of 1.7MHz, preferably its operating frequency is 2.0 ~ 5.0MHz, wherein, for the larger liquid of viscosity, frequency obtains larger a little, and for the less solution of viscosity, as water liquid medicine, frequency can be selected smaller.
3, the type of this body structure of ultrasonic oscillator and optimization
The device that the application utilizes supersonic oscillations principle to realize liquid vibration atomization is sonic oscillation device, it can comprise one or more ultrasonic oscillators, and each ultrasonic oscillator comprises the parts such as ultrasonic oscillator (common as ceramic transduction piece), thermal component, control circuit.The application preferably adopts those component parts is all integrated in to the integrated form supersonic oscillations device that in a seal casinghousing, only ultrasonic oscillator contacts with worked liquid, and to adapt to liquid, this is different from the use object of water.
But the inside constituted mode of integrated form supersonic oscillations device, it can be to be provided with a plurality of ultrasonic oscillators also by all oscillating elements, thermal component, the large ultrasonic oscillator that the parts such as driving and control circuit all integrate, it can also be the modularized integrated sonic oscillation device that inside comprises one or more ultrasonic oscillators, and each ultrasonic oscillator can be one independently by above-mentioned ceramic transduction piece, thermal component, the complete ultrasonic oscillator that the parts such as driving and control circuit form, also can be the oscillating unit that only comprises oscillating element and thermal component (note herein can not with conflict about arranging of air channel, bottom above).Inside constituted mode in any case, is preferably fixed on the bottom of box 390 at the bottom of feed flow with removablies such as draw-in groove, buckle or screws during use.
During use, can sonic oscillation device be set directly in liquid or be arranged on the wall of medical liquid container outer (the present embodiment be feed flow at the bottom of box) but all guarantee that ultrasonic oscillator (as ceramic transduction piece) contacts (the present embodiment is preferably arranged in the liquid in container) with liquid to be atomized.During operation, can produce the driving voltage consistent with ceramic transduction piece resonant frequency with driving and the control circuit of liquid isolation after energising, this voltage will be applied on electroceramics sheet and make it produce oscillation energy.Oscillation energy is propagated along the direction vertical with ceramic transduction piece surface in liquid, this energy of upwards propagating makes medicine water pile liquid post one by one, the top of liquid post produces a large amount of small tensile waves, the surface tension of liquid face of making to swell significantly reduces, thereby form micro-liquid particle of many atomization shapes, because the working oscillation frequency of ceramic transduction piece is in hyperacoustic frequency range, so be called supersonic oscillations atomization.And preferred, the degree of depth of liquid preferably remains on the liquid degree of depth of 20~60mm, at the medicine liquid-column height of this degree of depth prescribe medicine water pile, roughly at the height of 60~100mm, is conducive to the atomization of liquid and the generation of gaseous flow.
In prior art, ultrasonic oscillator is applied to air wetting field conventionally, because water and liquid have larger difference at aspects such as proportion, unit weight, electrical conductivity, electrolyzing rate, viscosity, acid-base values, therefore, the application is not simply applied to device for administration of drugs field by it when utilizing it to carry out dispenser, but has carried out the improvement that matches with its liquid object.Except the improvement of above-mentioned integrated form ultrasonic oscillator, the application also quantity optimization of creationary discovery supersonic oscillations oscillating element also plays good effect to the raising of the Energy Efficiency Ratio of device for administration of drugs.
4, the selection of supersonic oscillations oscillating element quantity
Through a large amount of field trial, can obtain the oscillating element quantity, dispenser duration of every machine supersonic oscillations device, relatively closed environment humidity, plant leaf blade positive and negative absorb, the correlation between control efficiency being optimized.
Result of the test is in Table one.
Relation between the ultrasonic oscillator of table one varying number and dispenser duration, relative closed environment humidity, plant leaf blade reverse side assimilation effect, control efficiency
As can be seen from Table I, the ultrasonic oscillator quantity of every machine and the length of spraying time are proportional, and the oscillating element quantity of every machine supersonic oscillations device is more, and condensation rate is higher, and spraying time is just shorter; Between spraying time and control efficiency, blade back absorption ratio, be parabolic type relation, when spraying time is within the scope of 1~2 hour, spraying time is longer, control efficiency and blade back absorption ratio are better, and reach peak value, when spraying time surpasses 2 hours, control efficiency and blade back absorption ratio reduce with the growth of spraying time; Spraying time and booth humidity are proportional, and spraying time is longer, and booth humidity is higher.Therefore spraying time be take about 2 hours as best, now the air humidity in relative closed environment increases little, it is basic with to close after canopy the air humidity in canopy suitable, the assimilation effect of plant leaf blade leaf back and control efficiency are the best, because the absorption of plant corpus overground part is mainly absorbed as master with blade, and blade absorbs and to be absorbed as master with blade back, therefore, the height that blade back absorbs is with low directly related with the good and evil idea of whole control efficiency.
From table one, also can find out, every machine can be integrated the oscillating element quantity of sonic oscillation device 360 can configure accordingly as required, take comprehensive cost performance as standard, take every machine sonic oscillation device oscillating element quantity as 3~10 be quantity preferably, particularly preferably 6~10, condensation rate be take and is greater than 3.0kg/ hour as good.Like this, can form rapidly the gaseous flow intensity that contains ultra micro drug particles on the one hand, and then improve dispenser efficiency, can avoid unnecessary energy and liquid waste on the one hand.
(3), control liquid is surely imitated device and optimization thereof:
For solving the problem of above-mentioned sonic oscillation device the second embodiment, the application proposes a special improvement for the second sonic oscillation device embodiments, one control liquid is set and surely imitates device 430 and sonic oscillation device cooperating, as shown in Figure 18~Figure 21.This measure not only can improve the nebulization efficiency of above-mentioned the second sonic oscillation device set-up mode greatly, can also effectively reduce the residue liquid residual volume after device for administration of drugs end-of-job, thereby realize real energy-saving and emission-reduction object and make device for administration of drugs there is maneuverable simple structure.
As shown in Figure 18~Figure 21, the application proposed and surely to imitate device 430 as follows for the control liquid that is arranged on sonic oscillation device in medical liquid container and carries out adaptive work:
1, control liquid is surely imitated overall structure and the basic functional principle of device 430:
---it comprises a cover body, and this cover body surrounds a cavity of opening downwards by roof 431 and periphery wall 4331, for covering on the top of sonic oscillation device;
---the roof of described cover body is formed with the perforate corresponding with the oscillating element quantity of described sonic oscillation device and position, as shown in figure 25, the below of each perforate is extended to form the through type cylindrical shell of a both ends open downwards by the internal face of described roof, as shown in Figure 19~Figure 21, this cylindrical shell, for covering on the periphery of the oscillating element corresponding with it, consists of the steady effect chamber 432 of its corresponding oscillating element the inner chamber of its both ends open;
---the cavity between the outside wall surface 4321 of described cylindrical shell and the internal face 4331 of described cover body periphery wall forms control sap cavity 4330, the cavity that described control sap cavity is upper end closed, and its end face consists of the non-open area of described cover body roof;
---between the lower surface 435 of described cover body periphery wall 4331 and the upper surface of described sonic oscillation device, form one or more gaps as the control liquid gap 434 of described control sap cavity 4330;
---as shown in figure 22, between the lower surface of cylindrical shell and the epitaxial surface of described oscillating element 364, also form one or more gaps as the feed flow gap 4323 in described steady effect chamber 4320;
---the extreme higher position in feed flow gap, described steady effect chamber is less than or equal to the extreme higher position of described control sap cavity control liquid gap opening.
above-mentioned control liquid is surely imitated device 430 and is designed according to law of connected vessels and siphonage, and concrete operation principle is:
As shown in Figure 52, when fluid storage tank 300 is opened while providing liquid to box 390 at the bottom of the feed flow of spray chamber, first liquid flows into control liquid and surely imitates at the bottom of device 430 and sonic oscillation device 360 and feed flow in the space between box 390, when liquid is full of control liquid in advance, surely imitates the surrounding of device 430 and sonic oscillation device 360 and liquid liquid level and reach while surely imitating the control liquid gap 434 of device 430 a little more than control liquid, the control liquid gap that liquid is also surely imitated on device 430 by control liquid simultaneously enters control sap cavity and surely imitates in chamber:
Because control sap cavity 4330 is that the non-open area that control liquid is surely imitated device roof 431 is surely imitated device with control liquid 430the cavity forming between perisporium (also controlling sap cavity wall) 4331 and straight-through drum outer wall (also surely imitating chamber wall) 4321, therefore the upper surface in its chamber is airtight, lower surface communicates with air by control liquid gap 434, when therefore the liquid in box at the bottom of feed flow enters this control sap cavity by control liquid gap 434, the top of control sap cavity will form an airtight air chamber, when the liquid level of control sap cavity raises, air pressure under the compression of fluid column in confined air air cavity also will raise, and this pressure can make liquid can not be full of its whole cavity completely.
Surely imitate difference of chamber 432, because its cavity forms (upper and lower end face all communicates with air) by the cylindrical shell leading directly to, and form feed flow gap between the epitaxial surface 364 of its lower end and oscillating element, therefore the liquid entering in control sap cavity flows into some again in steady effect chamber, and surely imitate chamber because its upper end is communicated with outside air, liquid wherein can change the air pressure of its top because liquid raises, and yet when liquid enters steady effect chamber from gap, steady effect chamber, can freely rise and can not be hampered by air pressure along its cavity inner wall.
Above-mentioned steady effect chamber, the design of control sap cavity makes surely to imitate chamber and surely imitates device liquid around with control liquid and formed " linker effect ", once therefore when sonic oscillation device and control liquid are surely imitated device liquid liquid level around higher than the highest liquid level of control sap cavity, liquid level in steady effect chamber keeps dynamically identical by surely imitating liquid liquid level around of device (being the liquid level in box cavity at the bottom of feed flow) with control liquid, and the liquid level in control sap cavity is because its top is formed with airtight air chamber, under the pressure action of sealing air, liquid level in control sap cavity will certainly surely be imitated device liquid level around lower than surely imitating in chamber and controlling liquid.And the space between box and ultrasonic oscillator and steady effect control liquid device is very little at the bottom of feed flow, set gap is mainly in order to guarantee the needs of sonic oscillation device radiation, be filled in that control liquid is surely imitated device and sonic oscillation device around and and feed flow at the bottom of amount of liquid medicine between box inwall seldom.Therefore, adopted the sonic oscillation device of steady effect control liquid device just without must supply with the atomizing safely and effectively that a large amount of liquid guarantees is arranged on the sonic oscillation device of internal tank as prior art, thereby farthest reduced the residue liquid residual volume after device for administration of drugs end-of-job and guaranteed the highly effective and safe work of sonic oscillation device, and because the application is designed to the extreme higher position less than or equal to described control sap cavity control liquid gap opening by the extreme higher position of surely imitating feed flow gap, chamber.Therefore even fluid storage tank has stopped feed flow, even in runner, there is no liquid, as long as the liquid liquid level at the bottom of feed flow in box is also higher than the extreme higher position of controlling liquid gap, because thereby law of connected vessels and siphonage liquid still can enter identical its best effort liquid level that maintains of liquid liquid level keeping in steady effect chamber with box at the bottom of feed flow, make the described sonic oscillation device 360 from start to finish can be with best state atomization liquid.And even if liquid level has arrived shutdown liquid level and can not make liquid enter steady effect chamber, now owing to still can keeping certain liquid level also can not cause " dry shaking " in steady effect chamber.But duty now if to continue be disadvantageous to sonic oscillation device undoubtedly; therefore the application is set as shutting down liquid level line by the extreme higher position in control liquid gap, and the liquid at the bottom of the detecting element 361 on sonic oscillation device detects feed flow in box reaches or stop during lower than the extreme lower position in control liquid gap the work of sonic oscillation device.
For above-mentioned optimal liquid level, lean on dispenser forefathers for selecting or arranging, the determining positions that it flows out by fluid storage tank liquid conventionally.From analysis above; feed liquor effect is played in the application's feed liquor gap constantly; and control liquid gap in liquid level high or when best without effect, only in the ending phase liquid level of dispenser, approach while shutting down liquid level and just work, mainly for controlling the liquor residue amount after liquid is in the end shut down.Minimum or shutdown liquid level detects and implements stoppage protection by liquid level control piece 361; At the bottom of feed flow, at the bottom of the extreme lower position of the supply opening 3922 of box and feed flow, 391 positions of box are preferably in same level, and the extreme higher position of supply opening is lower than its lowest position in control liquid gap, to guarantee that there is at any time liquid supply in feed liquor gap in whole dispenser process.
The application's control liquid is surely imitated the above-mentioned technique effect of device, not only make it can be applied to adopt the device for administration of drugs of ultrasonic oscillator, also can be for other any employing ultrasonic oscillators by the occasion of its place liquid in container atomization, the place that can also need to control liquid level for the above-mentioned principle of other any employings.
Operation principle based on above-mentioned, if the application can further take following Optimized Measures, also can obtain better technique effect.
2, control liquid is surely imitated the Optimized Measures of device
(1) design in the liquid level chamber of liquid level control piece
For making sonic oscillation device stop the work of sonic oscillation device when shutting down liquid level line, as shown in figure 22, the application is also preferably provided with liquid level control piece 361 on sonic oscillation device, for guaranteeing effective work of this liquid level control piece, control liquid surely imitates that device 430 also forms a liquid level chamber so that liquid level control piece can accurately carry out testing, the operation principle in this liquid level chamber is also to utilize law of connected vessels to make the liquid level and steady effect chamber in it, it is identical that control liquid is surely imitated liquid liquid level around of device (accommodating the liquid level that sonic oscillation device and control liquid are surely imitated box at the bottom of the feed flow of device), as shown in Figure 18~Figure 21.Based on this principle, the generation type in liquid level chamber can have following several:
One of: as shown in figure 18, form the through type cylindrical shell of a class quasi-static effect cavity configuration in its cover body roof position corresponding with liquid level control piece 361, the liquid level chamber 437(that utilizes its inner chamber to form liquid level control piece calls " full cartridge type liquid level chamber " in the following text); In such cases, form the one or more feed liquors gap (as shown in figure 19) that is formed with similar feed flow gap between the through type cylindrical shell in liquid level chamber and the outer face of liquid level control piece;
Two: the periphery wall that makes cover body forms one to half recessed tubular recess 437 of control sap cavity in the position corresponding with liquid level control piece 361, as shown in Figure 20, Figure 21, utilize the internal face of box at the bottom of the side wall surface of this recess and feed flow to form the liquid level chamber (calling half cartridge type liquid level chamber in the following text) that can detect for sonic oscillation device liquid level control piece, whether this kind of liquid level chamber can be divided into half open-top liquid level chamber (as shown in figure 20) and half top seal formula liquid level (as shown in figure 21) by the sealing of the roof of cover body according to the top of its cavity again.
For above-mentioned liquid level chamber generation type, control liquid is surely imitated device and is adopted which kind of liquid level chamber, preferably mate with the set-up mode of the liquid level control piece 361 of sonic oscillation device, when liquid level control piece is arranged on the centre position of upper surface of sonic oscillation device, control liquid is surely imitated device and is just applicable to adopting full cartridge type liquid level chamber, when if liquid level control piece is arranged on the both sides, upper surface of sonic oscillation device, just be applicable to adopting half cartridge type liquid level chamber, and the setting position of liquid level control piece is conventionally with ultrasonic oscillator, that number is set is relevant, lists preferred embodiment several below:
a, the control liquid with full cylinder liquid level chamber are surely imitated the embodiment of device 430:
As shown in figure 22, no matter be to coordinate by three, four, five, six, or ten integrated form ultrasonic units 360 that ultrasonic oscillator forms, because liquid level control piece is arranged on the centre position of the upper surface of sonic oscillation device, control liquid is surely imitated device and is just adopted full cartridge type liquid level chamber (as shown in figure 18), the liquid level chamber 437 that the control liquid corresponding with the liquid level control piece 361 that is positioned at described integrated form ultrasonic unit 360 surfaces is surely imitated device 430 is tubular, and is the through type that upper and lower both ends of the surface all communicate with air.
b, the control liquid with half open-top liquid level chamber are surely imitated the embodiment of device 430:
As shown in figure 22, no matter be to coordinate by three, four, five, six, or the control liquid of the integrated form ultrasonic unit 360 of ten ultrasonic oscillator compositions is surely imitated device 430 and is applicable to adopting which, because liquid level control piece is arranged on the both sides, upper surface of sonic oscillation device, just adopt half cartridge type liquid level chamber (as Figure 20, shown in Figure 21), but its top is open, the liquid level chamber 437 that the control liquid corresponding with the liquid level control piece 361 that is positioned at described integrated form ultrasonic unit 360 surfaces is surely imitated device 430 is half tubular, the roof of surely imitating device 430 due to the not controlled liquid in its upper surface seals, therefore its lower surface and upper surface still communicate (as shown in figure 20) with air.
c, the control liquid with half top seal formula liquid level chamber are surely imitated device 430:
As shown in figure 22, no matter be to coordinate by three, four, five, six, or the control liquid of the integrated form ultrasonic unit 360 of ten ultrasonic oscillator compositions is surely imitated device 430 and is also applicable to adopting which, because liquid level control piece is arranged on the both sides, upper surface of sonic oscillation device, just adopt half cartridge type liquid level chamber (as shown in Figure 20, Figure 21), but its top is enclosed, the liquid level chamber 437 that the control liquid corresponding with the liquid level control piece 361 that is positioned at described integrated form ultrasonic unit 360 surfaces is surely imitated device 430 is half tubular.Because its upper surface is formed by the roof of controlling liquid and surely imitate device 430, therefore half of described liquid level chamber still communicates (as shown in figure 21) with air with upper and lower end face.
From above-mentioned several liquid levels chamber constituted mode; no matter be any; its top all communicates with outside air; its bottom is all communicated with steady effect chamber, control sap cavity liquid around, so liquid level control piece can utilize law of connected vessels to be detected and judged at the bottom of feed flow whether the liquid in box and the liquid liquid level of surely imitating in chamber take corresponding control measure in shutdown liquid level line by the liquid level to liquid level chamber.
(2) control liquid is surely imitated the assembling mode of device:
Control liquid surely imitate device and sonic oscillation device cooperation can by with integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 directly form assembly realize also can by control liquid surely imitate device 430 with pneumatic conveyer if kuppe 410(is as shown in Figure 10~Figure 12) be connected or fixing and/or work in coordination with and be connected or fix (as shown in figure 17) with the parts such as resistance foam net of kuppe 410;
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, describe its embodiment in detail:
a, control liquid are surely imitated device 430 and are formed assemblies with integrated form sonic oscillation device 360, then with the matching used form of kuppe:
As shown in Figure 24, Figure 25, control liquid is surely imitated device 430 and integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 and is surely imitated bindiny mechanism 436 on device 430 and realize cooperatively interacting of the two and be connected to become an assembly by being positioned at control liquid.
Preferably, bindiny mechanism 436 is a claw structure, and sonic oscillation device forms the nosing making progress in its periphery and coordinates with claw, makes to control liquid and surely imitates device and be fixed and support and cover on the upper surface that is combined in sonic oscillation device.Gai Zhong bindiny mechanism can make to control liquid surely imitate device 430 with being connected easily of integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 installing, install firm, quick detachable, repeatably.
b, control liquid are surely imitated device 430 and are formed assembly and the matching used lifting form of integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 with kuppe 410:
As shown in Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 17, control liquid is surely imitated to device is dismountable to be fixed on kuppe, the setting position of surely imitating device 430 by kuppe 410 and control liquid coordinates to be made to control liquid and surely imitates device and be lifted on the upper surface of sonic oscillation device with required control liquid gap, feed flow gap, feed liquor gap.
c, control liquid are surely imitated device 430 and are formed assembly and the matching used fixedly assembling form of integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 with kuppe 410:
As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, on kuppe 410, set out in advance control liquid and surely imitate the mounting groove 460 of device 430, the surrounding that control liquid is surely imitated the roof face of device 430 cover bodies is outwards formed with epitaxial surface, this epitaxial surface just can be inserted in the mounting groove 460 on kuppe 410, as shown in Figure 10, Figure 12, Figure 17, then liquid is surely imitated device and kuppe forms assembly (slot also will bond or screw is fixed) by mode bonding or that be screwed by controlling.
d, control liquid are surely imitated device 430 and kuppe 410 and resistance foam net 449 compound composition assemblies and integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 matching used forms:
As shown in Figure 16,17, the first step first arranges corresponding optimization screw hole is installed on control liquid is surely imitated device 430 and resistance foam net 449, and by screw, making to control liquid, surely to imitate device 430 fixing in advance with resistance foam net 449; Second step, as shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, on kuppe 410, set out in advance control liquid and surely imitate the mounting groove 460 of device 430, the outside epitaxial surface insertion control liquid of surrounding of control liquid surely being imitated to the top wall panel of device 430 cover bodies is surely imitated in the mounting groove 460 of device 430, the 3rd step, said modules is formed to assembly by mode bonding or that be screwed, then realize matching used object by the optimization of carrying out position with integrated form sonic oscillation device 360.
Control liquid is surely imitated device whom is formed assembly with, but finally all still to use with integrated form sonic oscillation matched with devices, the conglomerate that integrated form sonic oscillation device is comprised of plural ultrasonic oscillator, also can be the conglomerate forming between described conglomerate or different conglomerate, control liquid be surely imitated device and can be complemented one another according to the occupation mode of described different integrated form sonic oscillation device.
(3) generation type in control liquid gap, feed flow gap, feed liquor gap
According to above-mentioned assembling situation, control liquid surely imitate the control liquid gap of device and the constituted mode in feed flow gap can be accordingly preferred following embodiment:
a, for control liquid, surely imitate device 430 and directly form assembly with integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 or need both in advance fixedly time:
The preferred generation type in control liquid gap is: as shown in figure 19, on edge, the one side of open cover body periphery wall (controlling sap cavity wall) 4331 ends or several times or every face all have one or more gap gap downwards, so that the lower surface of periphery wall of surely imitating device at control liquid is when fit with the end face of sonic oscillation device, form one or more control liquid gap 434 between the two, and the lower surface of other parts sidewall except forming control liquid gap 434 can just cover and be fitted on the circumferential outer of sonic oscillation device.
Feed flow gap, the generation type in feed liquor gap: because each corresponding with oscillating element 366 positions is surely imitated the periphery (surely imitate cylindrical shell lower surface, chamber internal diameter and be all greater than corresponding oscillating element as the external diameter of ceramic transduction piece) that chamber cylindrical shell (i.e. steady effect chamber) can cover on corresponding oscillating element pottery transduction piece, the cylindrical shell 437(corresponding with liquid level control piece 361 positions is liquid level chamber) lower surface can cover on the periphery (its internal diameter is greater than the external diameter of corresponding liquid level control piece) of corresponding liquid level control piece, for forming feed flow gap, feed liquor gap, on the bottom face of cylindrical shell that forms steady effect chamber 432 and liquid level chamber 437, be formed with the feed flow gap 4323 of a plurality of preferably 2~6 gap types, while making cover body cover on sonic oscillation device, form steady effect chamber, the cylindrical shell of admission chamber and corresponding oscillating element, between liquid level control piece, form feed flow gap.
b, surely imitate device while adopting the mode of lifting to be arranged on the top of sonic oscillation device when control liquid:
Control liquid gap, feed flow gap is except adopting above-mentioned generation type, the installation gap that can also directly surely be imitated between device and sonic oscillation device by control liquid forms, be that both upper and lower end faces do not contact, make to control the bottom face (being also the bottom face of periphery wall) of sap cavity, the bottom face (being also the bottom face of cylindrical shell) in steady effect chamber, the bottom face in liquid level chamber and sonic oscillation device outer peripheral face, between the epitaxial surface of oscillating element or liquid level control piece, left certain assemblage gap as control liquid gap, steady effect chamber, the feed flow gap in liquid level chamber, thereby needn't on wall, process specially the feed flow gap 4323 of feed liquor gap type.
Generation type for above-mentioned control liquid gap, feed flow gap, feed liquor gap also needs to meet their status requirement simultaneously, and those skilled in the art are intelligible, by adjusting the endface position of corresponding housing depth and cooperation, can realize.
(4) other Optimized Measures
As required, each independent chamber can be individual layer or single wall, can be also multiple layer or many walls in the steady effect chamber that a, control liquid are surely imitated device, thereby can make the operating efficiency of integrated form sonic oscillation device reach optimum;
Control liquid is surely imitated the steady effect chamber of device, be no matter individual layer or single wall, also be no matter multiple layer or many walls, according to different needs, can select different Jing He chambeies, chamber high, be advisable with 10~25mm in the footpath, chamber, upper surface of the outermost maximum cavity in described chamber its individual layer or single wall and/or described chambeies multiple layer or many walls, be advisable with 15~35mm in footpath, chamber, lower surface, or surely to imitate cylindrical shell lower surface, chamber internal diameter, be greater than corresponding oscillating element and be advisable as the external diameter 1~10mm of ceramic transduction piece, chamber is high is not advisable higher than the liquid degree of depth with 11~55mm;
B, control liquid are surely imitated the control liquid gap 434 on device 430: it is high that its chinky altitude is less than chamber, and for control liquid object generally, to be advisable between 1~10mm, the present embodiment is preferably 2mm; Further preferred, control liquid gap 434 also can be arranged to controlled or adjustable: in allowed band, by adjustment, control that liquid is surely imitated the hanging height of device or the bearing height on sonic oscillation device can be realized adjusting and the setting to the width in control liquid gap 434 or size, to improve its degree easy to use and universality.
3, above-mentioned control liquid is surely imitated device 430 and can be brought following technique effect:
(1), utilize control liquid surely to imitate the effect liquid scope that sonic oscillation energy has been fixed in the steady effect chamber 432 on device 430 relatively, the energy loss that can effectively stop the unordered transmission of sonic oscillation energy in liquid to cause, can effectively improve sonic oscillation ability 10 ﹪~30 ﹪ of integrated form sonic oscillation device, integrated form sonic oscillation device is stablized liquid medical liquid atomizing ability and atomization quantity, thereby reached the object of steady effect.
, control liquid surely imitates device 430 in when work, in control sap cavity 4330 automatic control liquid gap more than 434 part by air, filled, liquid exists only in control liquid gap 434 and surely imitates in chamber 432.The use of control sap cavity 4330 can make remaining liquid residual volume be reduced to minimum level when end-of-job, and remaining liquid residual volume can be controlled in below 300ml.
(3), the position of box 390 herb liquids and integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 residing 391 at the bottom of feed flow, even if reached the minimum liquid level value limit while shutting down, the not enough 300ml of the control liquid gap amount of liquid medicine of filling 434 below, but can be to reach the temperature while reducing integrated form sonic oscillation device busy and to protect the unlikely damage of integrated form sonic oscillation device associated component;
(4), due to control liquid gap 434, the setting in feed liquor gap 4323, be positioned over the control liquid in box 390 at the bottom of feed flow and surely imitate the assembly that device 430 and integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 form, at the bottom of the liquid runner 399 of fluid storage tank liquid by box 390 at the bottom of feed flow flows into feed flows during box 391 position, liquid just can enter steady effect chamber 432(or 4320 by control liquid gap 434 and feed flow gap 4323) in, when best atomization liquid position be set as higher than control extreme higher position, sap cavity control liquid gap a certain position time, liquid level in steady effect chamber just remains one dynamic (during work) or (while the not working) balance of static state or identical relation with the best atomization liquid position of setting, thereby integrated form sonic oscillation device can be remained in the middle of best atomization duty, until reached the minimum liquid level limit while shutting down, quit work.
This device for administration of drugs is owing to adopting above-mentioned control liquid surely to imitate the matching structure of device and sonic oscillation device, not only greatly reduce the energy loss that the unordered transmission of sonic oscillation energy in liquid causes, nebulization efficiency is greatly improved, also by the ingenious cooperation in above-mentioned physical arrangement, realized the control of the liquid liquid level of the sonic oscillation device that supplies, make this device for administration of drugs just can realize efficient atomization by less feed flow, and solved the waste of the liquid that need to cause compared with the normal work of large liquid level assurance sonic oscillation device.
For above-mentioned control liquid, surely imitate adaptation and the optimization of device and sonic oscillation device, even if be used in other occasions as humidifier, all equally can obtain good technique effect, that is to say that its mist object is that liquid or solution do not affect the realization of its above-mentioned technique effect.
4, control liquid is surely imitated the range of application of device 430:
Control liquid is surely imitated device 430 and not only can be widely used in having in the device for administration of drugs in each field of sonic oscillation atomizing, is also widely used in and take in the air humidifier that water is hydraulic fluid.
1), agriculture field:
Utilize the application's crops at agriculture field or agricultural product or agricultural facility for prevention or the control of damage by disease and insect or kill and/or regulate and/or object is discharged in the sterilization in place etc. except growing of remains of pesticide and/or crops, effectively reduce the usage amount of agricultural chemicals, reduce the use cost of agricultural chemicals;
2), air pollution treatment and field of purification;
Utilize the application air pollution treatment field as the room of individual or public place or place in for the air cleaning object of the removal object of the pollutant such as airborne formaldehydes, benzene class, peculiar smell in to this environment, effectively reduce the usage amount of biological active matter, reduce the cost of air pollution treatment;
3), air wetting field:
Utilize the application and air wetting field, can effectively reduce the manufacturing cost of air humidifier, improve its operating efficiency, reduce its work energy consumption, realize energy-saving and emission-reduction;
4), health field:
Utilize the application other field of Environment Protection as fields such as the degraded of dirty liquid is processed, rubbish is dissolved place rubbish and elimination of off flavor, bio-fertilizer or biogas production, disinfectings in the application of relevant medicine, reduce use cost, effectively avoid the generation of secondary pollution;
5), other field:
Utilize the application anyly need to carry out that liquid level control or restriction and/or other are any need to carry out total amount of liquid or weight is controlled or limited and/or other any any equipment and/or the place that need to carry out liquid residue control or restriction at other;
For above-mentioned each field, the hydraulic fluid that the control liquid providing with the application is surely imitated the supporting sonic oscillation device of device is liquid or water or other solution, as long as can realize atomization by sonic oscillation device, the application's control liquid surely imitates device and all can use.
(4), fluid storage tank
Guarantee that liquid that spray chamber supplies is very important to the atomizing effect of sonic oscillation device and the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles in a rational liquid level.Therefore, the application preferably arranges a fluid storage tank to guarantee controlled to spray chamber as required feed flow.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, the present embodiment fluid storage tank comprises that container, the container that can store liquid is provided with less first opening 335 and the second larger opening 337, the first wherein less opening 335 is provided with liquid feed flow control device 330, the dismountable large lid 340 that is sealed with of the second larger opening 337, preferably, large lid the 340 and second opening 337 is threaded engagement, at the second opening 337, be formed with cylindrical shape external screw thread wall, corresponding large lid 340 is formed with internal thread wall makes it if a nut screwing clamping is in the columnar threaded walls of the second opening 337.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, describe the embodiment of the application's fluid storage tank in detail:
1, liquid feed flow control device
For realizing fluid storage tank to the controlled supply of spray chamber liquid to be atomized, the application's fluid storage tank arranges liquid feed flow control device.
In existing design, mostly the liquid feed flow control device of fluid storage tank is to coordinate with the post rod type location liquid supply assembly being arranged on fluid storage tank diapire the supply that realizes liquid by a push rod that is arranged on fluid storage tank below.For this control mode, because mostly push rod is to be fixedly installed on the support bottom surface that is positioned at fluid storage tank below, when fluid storage tank is seated on support bottom surface, post rod type location liquid supply assembly will be opened its liquid inflow entrance under the effect of push rod, do not there is controllability, this uncontrollable mode has very large drawback for the multifunction of fluid storage tank, as being placed into the starting stage that it supports bottom surface when fluid storage tank 300, owing to being subject to the jack-up of push rod 339, always have the liquid flow hole from being exposed to flow out and reach this part of liquid that just stops while setting liquid level flowing out and flow out in advance.In addition, when fluid storage tank arranges firing equipment and/or mixing plant and/or expands numerous equipment, owing to cannot controlling flexibly the feed flow time of liquid, unless fluid storage tank is taken off from device for administration of drugs, and in actual use, seldom have user to carry out the operation of trouble like this.This makes some heating processes and/or whipping process and/or expands numerous process just can not just be fed to fully spray chamber atomization because push rod 339 makes the too early jack-up of guide rod.As we find through a large amount of field trials, for existing device for administration of drugs, peasant is in using agricultural chemicals process, the phenomenon of ubiquity agricultural chemicals working concentration inequality, as do not shake up fully institute's vehicle while preparing agricultural chemicals, and cause pesticide supplying effect poor, poisoning occurs constantly.Although prior art also has employing liquid medicine stirring device, but still be difficult to avoid the situation of initial liquor strength inequality.
Search to the bottom, the reason that causes this technical problem of prior art is to be uncontrollable for controlling push rod position and the length of post rod type location liquid supply assembly, make as long as box is seated on the support bottom surface at push rod place at the bottom of feed flow, push rod corresponding to liquid inflow entrance of controlling with post rod type location liquid supply assembly will act on liquid supply assembly, and liquid inflow entrance is opened.Meanwhile, the liquid supply of this mode fluid storage tank not only can not have good controllability.Therefore, our creationary proposition, is optimized the solution that above problem just can obtain making overall plans to the push rod in the liquid feed device of liquid location.
For solving the deficiencies in the prior art, the application proposes a kind of liquid feed flow control device consisting of post rod type location liquid supply assembly 330 and push rod Control Component 339X, whole structure setting is as Figure 26~Figure 33, shown in Figure 52, the first opening 335 that is positioned at fluid storage tank bottom arranges a post rod type location liquid supply assembly 330, this post rod type location liquid supply assembly 330 forms liquid flow cavity and the liquid inflow entrance being communicated with spray chamber feed flow runner, liquid flow export, liquid location liquid feed device at least its push rod is arranged on the below that post rod type is located liquid supply assembly, be used to open or close the liquid inflow entrance of post rod type location liquid supply assembly 330, to realize, the output of fluid storage tank liquid is controlled, but push rod is controlled to the effect of post rod type location liquid supply assembly.
1) post rod type location liquid supply assembly 330
As shown in Figure 52, this post rod type location liquid supply assembly is a post rod type post rod type location liquid supply assembly 330, preferably, comprise fur cap plug 331, liquid supply assembly inner guiding post 332, inner spring 333, spacing duct ring 338, top flat 334, liquid level location gap 336 and enclose and receive those assemblies and form liquid flow cavity and the housing of liquid inflow entrance, concrete structure and work relationship are as follows:
Post rod type location liquid supply assembly 330 is tightly connected by outer wall and first opening 335 of housing, inwall forms liquid flow cavity, the first opening 335 of fluid storage tank bottom is that the import of described liquid flow cavity forms liquid inflow entrance, and gap 336 places, liquid level location go out interruption-forming liquid flow export; Fur cap plug 331 acts on and on liquid inflow entrance, is used to open or close liquid inflow entrance, fur cap plug 331 is fixed on the upper end of inner guiding post 332, and inner guiding post 332 lower ends are fixedly connected with (comprising the situation being integrally formed) through the spacing duct ring 338 of being located in inner walls with the top flat 334 that receives external force.Inner guiding post periphery is arranged with inner spring 333, and this spring is telescopic to be located between the spacing duct ring and top flat of liquid inflow entrance.When top flat is not applied in jack-up active force, inner spring 333 is stretched out downwards naturally, and the fur cap plug 331 liquid inflow entrance that stretched is downwards sealed by it, and liquid can not flow out.When top flat is done the used time by push rod, in liquid supply assembly in liquid supply assembly housing, guide card 334 is by upwards compression of liquid supply assembly inner spring 333, in fur cap plug 331, liquid supply assembly inner guiding post 332, liquid supply assembly, guide card 334 together moves up, inner guiding post backs down fur cap plug, liquid flows out, until liquid just stops flowing out automatically when at the bottom of feed flow, the liquid in box reaches the optimal liquid level line height of setting.And cause liquid level to drop to when lower than optimal liquid level height when the liquid of box at the bottom of feed flow is discharged to consume by device for administration of drugs, liquid flows out from the liquid inflow entrance being exposed by post rod type location liquid supply assembly again, and when the amount of liquid medicine flowing out from fluid storage tank 300 reaches the liquid level line height being set again, liquid stops again flowing out automatically, so moves in circles.
As shown in Figure 52, the application's best liquid liquid level is the liquid flow export set positions that finally flows out from post rod type location liquid supply assembly liquid flow cavity according to liquid, because the liquid flow export of liquid flow cavity be communicated with the runner on box at the bottom of feed flow, and liquid circulation in runner and box at the bottom of feed flow, so the position of the liquid flow export of liquid flow cavity is usually used to arrange the best liquid liquid level in box at the bottom of feed flow.
By the application's post rod type location the above-mentioned of liquid supply assembly, arranged, it is opened and depends on that can push rod apply external force to top flat with closing, below described push rod Control Component make the effect of the application's push rod there is controllability.Specific embodiments is as follows:
2) push rod Control Component
The application, when having post rod type location liquid supply assembly 330, is also aided with location feed flow control device 339X and makes the effect of push rod have controllability.Angle from operation, push rod Control Component can also can be controlled by automatic by manual control, from inventive principle, push rod can be processed into screw rod upwards screwing out or screwing in and change its effective active length that is positioned at bottom support face (being also the upper bottom surface on box top at the bottom of feed flow) upper end (be also push rod top its locate the distance between the top flat of liquid supply assembly with post rod type) by itself downwards, also can be processed into the distance that collapsible or scalable form changes its top and top flat, also can make the effect of push rod controlled by establish a dismountable cap bag on push rod, provide several preferred embodiments of location feed flow control device 339X below:
embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 26 and Figure 27, it comprises the parts such as liftable threaded electronic push rod 339, push rod installation component 3391,3392,3393,3394, rotating driving mechanism 3395 described automatic location feed flow control device 339X, wherein electronic push rod and push rod installation component threaded engagement, rotating being arranged on push rod installation component, its downside end is connected with rotating driving mechanism, by forward or the anti-pass of the motor of rotating driving mechanism, is realized the liter of liftable threaded electronic push rod 339 or is fallen.Preferably, the liter of liftable threaded electronic push rod 339 or the pitch of falling and/or falling or rising can complete by function control switch 111 or the respective keys on control panel 110, so just can realize as required push rod the unlatching of top flat is controlled opportunity.In addition, preferred, push rod installation component is a frame structure, makes the electronic push rod can be without rocking stable lifting.
For compact conformation, can also guarantee to comprise and be located at the bottom that box at the bottom of feed flow need to be stretched out in the lower end of box push rod at the bottom of feed flow, enter into the air channel, bottom 100 of box bottom at the bottom of feed flow, and drive driving mechanism that this push rod rotates to be preferably arranged in air channel 270, bottom as drive motors 3395, one simplifies overall structure, two carry out also can utilize the wind cooling motor in air channel, bottom and in heated base air channel, will give the wind of bellows as dynamic air-flow conversely, to improve the temperature of dynamic air-flow.Sealing at the bottom of the feed flow that now needs seal to guarantee push rod and pass between the wall in box, air channel, bottom.
above-mentioned electronic mode also can be realized by following manual embodiment:
embodiment 2:
This embodiment, as shown in Figure 28 and Figure 29, it is provided with a push rod down manual control device hand thread formula location feed flow control device 339X, mainly by threaded rod 3392, manual nut formula push rod 339, formed, by rotation up and down, be arranged in manual nut formula push rod 339 on threaded rod 3392 and realize the height of manual nut formula push rod 339 and lowly realize opening or closing of quantitative Control Component 330 fur cap plugs 331, thereby realize the outflow of liquid described in described spray tank or do not flow out;
embodiment 3:
In this embodiment, the length of push rod itself can not be located liquid supply assembly to post rod type and be applied top power, only have when putting cap sleeve at push rod top and could apply active force to top flat, if do not wish that like this fluid storage tank has on box time liquid to flow out at the bottom of being placed into feed flow, only need take off cap sleeve.Even if now fluid storage tank has been placed at the bottom of feed flow on box, but because the length of push rod can not meet the needs that act on top flat, just can not make liquid flow out.
Concrete, as shown in Figure 30 and Figure 31, described manual cap sleeve formula location feed flow control device 339X push rod down manual control device is comprised of push rod in cap sleeve 3398, cap bag 3397, by plugging or take off the cap bag 3397 on push rod 3398 in cover and cap sleeve, realize the height of whole cap bag push rod and low, and then realize opening or closing of fur cap plug 331 in quantitative Control Component 330, thereby realize the outflow of liquid described in described spray tank or do not flow out.
embodiment 4:
As shown in Figure 32 and Figure 33, described collapsible location feed flow control device 339X push rod down manual control device is comprised of collapsible push rod 3399, by to upper plate or the collapsible push rod 3399 that fell downwards realize opening or closing of fur cap plug 331 in quantitative Control Component 330, thereby realize the outflow of liquid described in described spray tank or do not flow out.
Above-mentioned design, no matter be manual or powered version, push rod can both be according to controlled the applying effect or not applying effect, this technique effect top flat of demand, make the application's fluid storage tank not only can guarantee the location feed flow to spray chamber, be also beneficial to the realization of the multifunction of fluid storage tank own.In addition, for different liquids, the best atomization liquid liquid level of sonic oscillation device may be different, and the above-mentioned design of the application's post rod type location liquid supply assembly, also makes the application's device for administration of drugs become possibility in the selection of carrying out dispenser measure.Normally, the best atomization liquid liquid level of sonic oscillation device is in the scope of 15~55mm.
Except above-mentioned post rod type location liquid supply assembly and push rod Control Component, the application is for guaranteeing the normal safe work of sonic oscillation device and guaranteeing medical liquid atomizing amount, the application's liquid feed flow control device also can arrange minimum liquid level detector, to prevent misoperation or to control in the situation such as malfunctioning, to spray chamber feed flow deficiency, causes ultrasonic oscillator to be burned.Concrete just can be used as minimum liquid level detector as known sensors such as optical pickocffs.Further, for making the application can there is increasingly automated effect, reduce manual operation, this device for administration of drugs also can associate the supply of the supply of the detection means of above-mentioned liquid level and alarm device or liquid, sonic oscillation device, dynamic air-flow by microprocessor and realize Automatic Control.For example, when reaching minimum liquid level, minimum liquid level sensor can be exported the signal that associated components is closed.For example, sonic oscillation device can be switched off, and even can also comprise the blowing fan of dynamic air-flow.In addition, minimum liquid level sensor can cause to user and send warning signal, and for example visual cautionary is as light and/or audible signal bleep for example.
Further, fluid storage tank also can arrange the highest liquid level detector.Concrete control mode can be with reference to the control mode of minimum liquid level.
2, the multi-functional realization of fluid storage tank
Except liquid feed flow control device, mixer means is also preferably set on fluid storage tank and/or expands numerous means, make it not only there is storage liquid and the controlled function to spray chamber feed flow, also have and stir and/or expand numerous function, thereby improve the effect of sonic oscillation device atomization.
1), the setting of paddle
Liquid is stored for a long time and precipitation is easily occurred or suspend, thereby affects the performance of the atomization of liquid and the generation of gaseous flow and the property of medicine, and the application preferably establishes a paddle for this reason.As shown in Fig. 7~Fig. 9, paddle 350 by rotating shaft 353, be sleeved on wheel hub in rotating shaft, be formed on the drive motors 359 that blade 351 on wheel hub and drive shaft rotate and form, preferably, for preventing that the intensity of eddy current and reinforcement paddle from appearring in paddle in the process stirring, and also arranges the eddy current circle 352 of each blade of connection.
From enforceable angle, paddle can be arranged on alone on top, bottom or the sidewall of container.But the application is preferred, as shown in Figure 6, be arranged on the bottom of container and the large lid of container is wholely set.
Concrete, as shown in Fig. 6~Fig. 9, rotating being fixed on greatly in one end of paddle covers and puts in container.Concrete, large lid forms a peripheral flange, the inner side of flange is formed with the screw thread with medical liquid container the second opening 337 combinations, the centre position of the inner side of large lid forms a boss 342 that can put in vessel port simultaneously, as shown in Fig. 7, Fig. 9, paddle 350 is arranged on this boss 342, its rotating shaft is passed from the boss of large lid, be connected with the drive motors 359 that is arranged on large lid outside, and the shaft coupling of drive motors is preferably at least partially housed in the cavity of large lid boss back side formation to save space.
The large lid of paddle and container is combined together to form to a dismountable global facility, not only use the detachability of large lid, the ingenious detachable setting that has realized mixing plant, also utilize large lid to realize cleverly the support of paddle, structure &processes of the present invention is more simplified, at one stroke multiple-effect.
2), expand the setting of numerous barrel
Except above-mentioned paddle, for making the application can be applicable to bio-pharmaceutical, fluid storage tank medical liquid container is interior can also preferably arrange the numerous bucket of an expansion.Object be for prior art in the application equipment of biological active matter medicine by the numerous process of the expansion of biological active matter and dispenser process by same extract circle the way that realizes in same container, the proposition of the invention arranges one and expands the numerous effect of expansion that numerous device is realized biological active matter in the fluid storage tank of device for administration of drugs, thereby making to expand numerous process can not be limited to separately dispenser process and guarantees that biological active matter obtains expanding fully numerous before dispenser, and be to make the overall structure of device for administration of drugs because expanding the increase of numerous function, not become complicated huge, the present invention is integrated and is made liquid reservoir not only have storage liquid feed flow function with the function of storing liquid equipment expanding numerous device cleverly, also there is numerous function of expansion.
As shown in Figure 44~Figure 50, expand numerous cylinder and comprise and accommodate cylindrical shell 370, the end socket of biological active matter carrier 379 and be arranged on installation or the syndeton 375 below cylindrical shell.Wherein expand the preferred Split type structure that adopts of numerous cylindrical shell 370, by expanding numerous cylinder shell 371,372 and expanding numerous low head 374, expand numerous upper cover 373 and form dismountable tube structure.Preferably, for being further convenient to the dismounting of cylindrical shell, the application preferably as shown in figure 44, housing and low head are two halves and form, wherein between left half housing and left half low head, form integrative-structure, between right half low head and right half housing, form integrative-structure, two parts are combined with demountable structure again, concrete dismountable mode is preferably: both are in cooperation place, one side forms slot, one side forms plug, left, right half housing, left, right half end socket forms splicing together of tight coupling, and left and right half housing, the suitable for reading of the formed cavity of left and right half end socket also with between upper cover 373 forms the structure of splicing corresponding to coupling, so form simpler tube structure.This structure is applicable to expanding the disassembly, cleaning that are installed on of the interior carrier of numerous cylinder very much.
In addition, cylindrical shell can be single barrel of single layer structure, as shown in figure 48, can be also many barrels of multilayer structures, and its inside can adopt in layer as shown in figure 49 without cutting off, also can be by as shown in Figure 48, Figure 49, and adopt and in layer, have partition.
As shown in Figure 47~Figure 50, be filled in biological oar and expand the porous light carrier 379 that can promote each component growth and breeding of biological active matter in numerous cylindrical shell 370, having of being preferably that porous blown polyurethane materials the forms complex that certain thickness or ring bodies or plates or blocks and/or volcanic rock material and/or absorbent charcoal material and/or two or more materials wherein form.
For realizing the numerous effect of the expansion of biological active matter solution, as shown in figure 47, on biological oar housing, there are a plurality of regular or irregular hollow holes 376, to facilitate inflow or the outflow of described biological active matter solution.
During work, expand in the biological active matter solution in the container 300 that completely or partially immerses Multifunction liquid storage case for numerous 370, making to be filled in the porous light carrier 379 expanding in numerous cylinder 370 is constantly flooded or washes away by described biological active matter solution, various aerobic in the immobilized described biological active matter solution being stranded in porous light carrier 379, double oxygen, each biological active matter component such as anaerobism just can obtain Growth and reproduction fast, and be constantly washed in the middle of the described biological active matter solution of described paddle 300, after reaching the regular hour, each biological active matter component of biological active matter solution in Multifunction liquid storage box container just can obtain expanding fast numerous, thereby reach a desirable effective bioequivalence.
And be to make to expand numerous cylinder also can there is certain active or passive mixing effect to liquid, the application also can be preferably expanding local on the upper cover of numerous and/or low head and/or housing or is integrally forming the evagination oar of one or more similar paddle blade 351 structures, make to expand numerous cylinder and no matter arranged separately or be set together with paddle, can both be utilized and produce certain stirring action.
Mounting structure 375(below cylindrical shell is as shown in Figure 45) be used for installing and expand numerous, or by its independent inwall that is fixed on container, or be fixed on paddle or be fixed in covering greatly of container, certainly here said fixing be not absolute fixing, comprise rotating fixing, also comprise and allow to expand numerous cylinder flexible fixed form of activity within the specific limits.Concrete mounting structure those skilled in the art are known, have a lot of prior aries to realize, and therefore not to repeat here.But will provide some preferred embodiment in the application's content below.
Although from enforceable angle, expanding numerous bucket can be arranged on top, bottom or the sidewall of container by its mounting structure as paddle.But the application is preferred, as shown in figure 39, be arranged on the bottom of container and the large lid of container is wholely set.Concrete set-up mode can be with reference to the set-up mode of paddle.
By paddle and/or expand numerous cylinder and be arranged on covering greatly of container, can be when not affecting lid closing function, utilize the detachability of lid to realize the detachable of paddle, thereby also can use lid simultaneously, realize and support fixing and special supporting construction need not be set the structure of the application's device for administration of drugs is more simplified.
3), expand numerous bucket arranges with paddle simultaneously
When device for administration of drugs is used for the dispenser of biological active matter liquid, the equivalence unit of biological active matter is most important to the pesticide supplying effect of bio-pharmaceutical, especially concerning utilizing the device for administration of drugs that supersonic oscillations principle preparation contains ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow, make biological active matter before dispenser, obtain well expanding and numerously to improving the performance of device for administration of drugs, have great importance.And on the other hand, because a lot of active liquids are using medicine as solute and the solution made of solvent, long time stored easy generation precipitation or suspension, thereby affect the performance of the atomization of liquid and the generation of gaseous flow and the property of medicine, and the application is creationary, those functions are attached to and on fluid storage tank, form a Multifunction liquid storage case and realize, make this Multifunction liquid storage case both can store liquid and to gaseous flow, occur and conveying plant is carried the liquid expanding after numerous as required, can make again liquid obtain stirring the homogeneity that guarantees liquid storing and expand during numerous, and make its biological active matter be able to fast-propagation under nature.
If only need to realize paddle and expand numerous cylinder function separately, paddle, expand numerous cylinder and can separately or be arranged on a global facility on the sidewall of container, on roof, on diapire or container 300 other anyly can produce to liquid the position of its action effect.But these modes, need in container, form two mounting structures, structure complicated, so the application preferably forms numerous of paddle and expansion a combination setting, expand numerous cylinder and directly do not install and be connected with container inner wall, concrete combination can adopt one to connect also can adopt allosome connection.When paddle 350 is connected with the numerous cylinder of expansion 370 allosome formulas: paddle 350 can be on same axis with the axle center of expanding numerous cylinder 370, also can be not on same axis, paddle 350 and biological oar 370 can be arranged on the interior any position that can need installation of container of the numerous device of multi-functional expansion; When paddle 350 and expand numerous cylinder 370 integral types and is connected, both can an overall structure be arranged on any position that can need installation of spray chamber.
The numerous cylinder of the multi-functional expansion of the present invention and paddle are arranged in the container of fluid storage tank simultaneously, at least can bring following unforeseeable technique effect: the numerous cylinder of expansion and paddle are used in conjunction with, making liquid is not that static immersion is expanded in numerous cylinder, but enter dynamically, expand in numerous cylinder, so not only guarantee that the biological active matter in solution obtains expanding the most fully numerous, also make the carrier expanding in numerous cylinder obtain utilizing the most fully, thereby the numerous effect of expansion of the numerous device of multi-functional expansion of the present invention is strengthened greatly.And on the other hand, the stirring action of stirring arm also makes the phenomenons such as the liquid in the numerous device of multi-functional expansion can not precipitate, flocculation, further assurance is with generation and the pesticide supplying effect of the ultra micro medicine gaseous flow of the device for administration of drugs of ultra micro gaseous flow form dispenser.
For above-mentioned embodiment and technique effect, the application is also further preferably by the numerous cylinder of expansion, paddle, dismountable the combining of the large lid of container three, wherein not only expand numerous cylinder and paddle is selectable combines, large lid is also selectable with paddle or expand numerous cylinder or expand numerous and combine.So not only can be when not affecting large lid closing function, utilize the detachability of large lid, realize paddle, to expand numerous install detachable, thereby also can use large lid simultaneously, realize and support fixing and special supporting construction need not be set the structure of the application's device for administration of drugs is more simplified.And expand numerous cylinder, paddle not only can be combined together to form an integrated member (referred to as " bio-pulp "), also can need to only select to expand numerous cylinder or paddle is combined with the large lid of container according to unifunctional, making the application's fluid storage tank not only can select only to have agitating function also can select only to have and expand numerous function and also can select not only have agitating function but also have numerous function of expansion, thereby it is multi-functional that fluid storage tank has not only been had with simple structure, can also select flexibly those functions according to actual demand.
Below by legend, describe above-mentioned most preferred embodiment in detail:
As shown in Fig. 7~Fig. 9 and Figure 35~Figure 50, container the second opening is preferably arranged on the bottom of container, large lid is set to removably connect with vessel port, expand for convenience numerous cylinder and paddle between installation and removal, and guarantee to expand rotating with paddle that numerous cylinder can firm stable in paddle rotation process, paddle is optimized for coaxial design and forms an overall structure by the structure that removably connects with the numerous cylinder of expansion, and consider that paddle and the function that expands numerous need, above the application is preferably arranged on the numerous cylinder of expansion, below paddle is arranged on, and be directly connected with rotating shaft, but overall structure is rotatable, dismountablely be arranged on large lid liquid one side, and put in container.
Concrete:
The structure that removably connects of large lid and container the second opening:
For detachable large lid from container, large lid forms a peripheral flange, by the inwall of flange, form the screw thread with second mouthful of combination of container, the interior week of flange, also the centre position of large lid inner side to recessed in container, form a boss 342 that can put in vessel port, paddle with expand on the rotating boss that is supported on large lid of the formed overall structure of numerous cylinder, both rotating shafts are passed from the boss of large lid, be connected with the drive motors 359 that is arranged on large lid outside, and drive motors is preferably at least partially housed in the cavity that the large lid boss back side forms to save space.As shown in Figure 8, Figure 9, in addition, for realizing relatively rotating and guaranteeing between rotating shaft and container top, seal, the threaded connection place of lid and be provided with sealing ring 355,341 and 356 with the cooperation place of rotating shaft, rotating shaft through the entering of large lid, export bearing 3541,3542,3543 be set, to guarantee rotating shaft rotating and the rotational support of lid countershaft relative to lid, and be that drive shaft is rotated, turn the tip of the axis and be also provided with a shaft coupling and be connected with the driving shaft of drive source motor, so design can facilitate installation and the setting of motor.And preferred, the rotating speed of biological oar 370 and/or paddle 350 and/or drive motors 359 is preferably more than 50 revs/min, and especially 100~200 revs/min is best.According to using needs, biological oar or paddle motor 359 can adopt uniform speed electric motor, also can adopt variable speed electric motors, particularly, can also adopt clockwise and anticlockwise motor, to improve its eurytopicity.
Preferably, the structure that removably connects between the numerous cylinder of paddle and expansion is:
Shown in Fig. 9, Figure 45, for the connector 353 removably connecting between paddle and the numerous cylinder of expansion, it comprises a dismountable beam barrel portion 3531 that is set in rotating shaft top and from the connection outward flange 3532 of the outward extending broadening formation in beam barrel top, the dismountable periphery that is set in this connector beam barrel portion of wheel hub of paddle; On the low head of numerous bottom of expansion, be formed with the link slot 3751(of annular snap wrench structure formation as shown in figure 45), the link slot of this annular snap wrench structure is in the position part of low head docking by two elasticity inverted T shape inward flange 3752(as shown in figure 45) form, the connection outward flange by those structural connections can utilize the elasticity of elasticity inverted T shape inward flange to be placed in link slot or by its taking-up.Further preferred, from connector or partly upwards preferably approximately not exclusively fastening being set together of structure of splicing of numerous left shell of expansion 371 of 20~30mm position and numerous right shell body 372 of expansion of link slot of expanding numerous bottom low head annular snap wrench structure, the structure of splicing of numerous left shell of expansion 371 of the above position of 20~30mm and numerous right shell body 372 of expansion can further adopt glue bond to fix according to appointment, and make progress numerous left shell of expansion 371 of about 20~30mm position and the structure structure of splicing that expands numerous right shell body 372 of connector or link slot do not adopt glue bond fastening, and only utilize the structure of splicing to realize docking between the two.When needs are connected paddle with numerous of expansion, can by paddle with expand numerous cylinder shell connector 353 top broadening formation be connected outward flange, upwards insert annular connection wall or the link slot of the connector that expands numerous bottom low head annular snap wrench structure, now, numerous left shell of expansion 371 of not bonded 20~30mm position and the mother-son mouth expanding between numerous right shell body 372 will slightly open in the situation that being subject to external force, make paddle and being connected outward flange 3532 and can inserting easily and expand in annular snap wrench structure 375 link slots 3571 that cover under numerous bottom of top broadening formation of expanding numerous cylinder shell connector 353, and having two inward flanges 3752 of elasticity inverted T shape, the link slot 3751 of this annular snap wrench structure 375 and two ends thereof the connection outward flange 3532 of the top broadening formation of the connector of insertion 353 will be hooked, two connectors are realized and being fixedly secured, in the time of can guaranteeing to rotate, do not get loose.
When taking off while expanding numerous from paddle, due to paddle and expand numerous connector 353 top broadening formation be connected its outside dimension of outward flange only than the large 1~2mm of radial diameter that expands the connector of annular snap wrench structure 375 of numerous bottom or link slot and two ends thereof and have two inward flanges of elasticity inverted T shape, can drag down very like a cork, be easy to realize mutual disengaging.
When only needing to expand numerous cylinder with rotating shaft and lid is connected greatly, connector is first pulled down from the top of rotating shaft, then paddle is taken off from the top of rotating shaft, finally again connector be set in to rotating shaft and be connected and fixed with the numerous cylinder of expansion.
Paddle and/or the structure that removably connects expanding between numerous cylinder and the large lid of container are:
As shown in Figure 8, two upper bearing (metal)s are set in both rotating shafts: outreach bearing 3541, inline bearing 3542, the axis hole place of large lid arranges a lower bearing 3543, several bearings form fit structure, rotating shaft beam barrel portion 3531 is passed from the boss of large lid, be connected with the shaft coupling 358 that is arranged at least partly large lid outside, this shaft coupling 358 is connected with drive motors 359, between each rotatable parts, be provided with sealing, as the upper sealing 355 between rotating shaft and paddle, the lower seal 356 that rotating shaft and upper coupling are 358, to prevent that liquid from passing through upper coupling 358 and coordinating with lower coupler 357 on paddle motor shaft while connecting and flow in paddle motor 359 and base air channel 270, preferably, the bottom of shaft coupling forms one and expands chamber, expands formative gear structure on the inwall in chamber, and the rotating shaft of drive motors is by coordinating with this gear structure, drives shaft coupling and paddle and/or expands the rotating shaft rotation of numerous, preferably, this expansion chamber cover is buckled in the round wall shape structure of hollow circle wall shape structure on the boss of box upper inside wall face at the bottom of feed flow and corresponding position base, thereby has further prevented outflow and the erosion to parts around it of liquid.
technique effect:when expanding numerous cylinder and paddle, be combined together to form a global facility--during bio-pulp, when stirring arm is driven in rotation, expanding numerous cylinder is also driven to rotate, thereby make to expand numerous cylinder and not only there is numerous function of expansion, also there is agitating function, increased undoubtedly the stirring degree of depth of stirring arm, also make the liquid in each corner in the container of the numerous device of whole multi-functional expansion all obtain good mixing effect, especially for adopting, easily to produce the numerous device effect of multi-functional expansion of the noncircular section vessel that stirs dead angle more remarkable.And on the other hand, by expanding numerous cylinder and paddle, be combined together to form a global facility and also make the structure of the numerous device of multi-functional expansion and manufacturing process obtain great simplification, make universal mixer of the present invention not only there is more simple structure, function also more can be powerful, apply more flexible: the numerous cylinder of expansion and paddle are fixed together with dismountable combination, not only making to expand numerous cylinder can rotate when at needs, it rotates together with paddle, can also when not needing it to rotate, as expanded numerous cylinder, need dismounting, clean, changing in carrier or container the liquid of storing does not need to expand and numerously does the used time and dismantled, make bio-pulp and adopt the numerous device of multi-functional expansion of this bio-pulp to there is greater flexibility and adjustable to the use of the liquid of different demands, also make the multifunctional bio utensil of the present embodiment have the more wide scope of application, not only can be used for biological active matter liquid, also can be used for abiotic liquid, and simple in structure, flexible to operation.
other embodiments of Multifunction liquid storage case: fluid storage tank considers the simplicity that the pluses and minuses separately of above-mentioned embodiment and the integrally-built simplification of device for administration of drugs and driving mechanism are installed, for structure is further simplified needs, the application also can be directly by paddle with expand numerous cylinder container that a parts 3500 is arranged on fluid storage tank that unite two into one and cover greatly, as shown in figure 38, directly whole biological oar 370 is designed to paddle 3500 distortion and/or large size exactly, on it, there is equally hollow out passage 376 and the end socket that can flow into or flow out for liquid, biological active matter carrier 359 is filled in the middle of the blade and/or oar body of paddle 3500 described distortion and/or large size, the function that expands numerous cylinder and paddle can certainly be integrated upper to expanding numerous cylinder, as shown in figure 37, also can on the upper cover of numerous of expansion and/or low head and/or housing side face, stirrer paddle be set.
(5), about air-flow mode of movement
The preferred dynamic air-flow of the application is air stream, because it provides most convenient, controls also the simplyst, limits also minimum.If but will realize a machine multiple medicines object; recommend adoption medicine air-flow; if so device for administration of drugs conventionally also needs to arrange an extra medicine air-flow and forms structure; this is that those skilled in the art are completely enforceable for concrete generation type, as medicine flashed to gas, just mixes and can form medicine air-flow again with air.
No matter be that air stream might as well, medicine air-flow might as well, it can come from and be positioned at the air-supply power that the fan of liquid upstream produces the transmitting power of liquor granule, also can come from and be positioned at the air inducing power that the fan in liquid downstream produces, can also be the backfloweffect that an ejector produces, can also be the combination of those modes or combination between two.No matter pressure fan or air-introduced machine or ejector or the combination of these modes are set, it is all the preferred mode that is conducive to medical liquid atomizing, but more favourable, while guaranteeing that dynamic air-flow is introduced into the container that liquid is housed, liquid can flow through liquid surface and not only can improve atomizing effect and be also beneficial to atomization liquid and taken away by dynamic air-flow.For this reason, the application preferably at least arranges the import of a dynamic air-flow in the position near liquid liquid level.
And as preferred embodiment more preferably, at least in the upstream of liquid, one pressure fan is set, can more easily promote atomization and the conveying of liquid like this, especially more can guarantee requirement and the energy-saving effect of medical liquid atomizing particle diameter and the uniformity, and preferably adopt centrifugal blower for pressure fan, and further preferred, also can adopt step motor control, with according to institute's formulation rate controlled wind speed, make the present invention not only can improve atomizing effect and also reduced energy cost.And further can be preferred, above liquid face, the position of close dispenser mouth arranges separately or again an air-introduced machine or ejector and also can further improve air-flow transmitting power, moreover, when adopting ejector to carry, also there is other unforeseeable technique effects: when ejector being set transmitting power is provided, as shown in Figure 53, need to input a high speed compression bleed stream to ejector, the bleed stream of this high speed compression not only can utilize backfloweffect to promote greatly the evaporation of liquid, atomization, also can promote greatly atomization medicine drip with air-flow between collision with mix, within drawing the environment that the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles under airflow function is applied to dispenser target place, high speed compression can improve greatly the distance of conveying, and it is preferred, this high speed compression air-flow can be selected high-speed compressed air stream or high speed compression medicine air-flow or utilize above-mentioned dynamic air-flow to produce backfloweffect simultaneously, when utilizing dynamic air-flow to produce backfloweffect, not only utilize the backfloweffect of this dynamic air-flow and the liquid of atomization to form the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles, also utilize the backfloweffect of dynamic air-flow to realize atomization liquid to the output of dispenser target environment.In addition, this kind of mode more advantageously, also can utilize the temperature of high speed compression bleed stream to control the output temperature control that realizes gaseous flow, if and adopt this embodiment, the application preferably adopts high-speed compressed air stream, so that the adjusting of temperature and prevent from affecting the property of medicine in temperature adjustment process, if but a machine multiple medicines object can adopt the high speed compression gas flow that contains medicine.The actual temp control mode of bleed stream is very simple, and temperature control means can be set on its flow path, also can control temperature at source of the gas preparatory phase.
Be no matter to adopt above-mentioned which kind of dynamic air-flow and dynamic air-flow presentation mode, final the application is applied to medicine in the environment at dispenser target place and completes dispenser process in the gaseous flow mode that contains ultra micro drug particles.
1, the generated gaseous flow output temperature that contains ultra micro drug particles is carried out to regulation and control:
The environmental temperature at dispenser target place is not unalterable, and especially two different seasons of winter and summer, dispenser target place environmental temperature differs larger, and if can consider the airflow convection effect that the temperature difference is brought, can further improve pesticide supplying effect.
Because be conventional vegetable supply dull season the seasons such as winter in spring and autumn; also because the ambient temperature of protection facility is lower; need to carry out in the protection facility of anti-season production; for guaranteeing that the normal growth of anti-season crops needs; in protection facility, just need to remain on canopy temperature more than certain critical temperature; therefore, improve or keep certain canopy temperature just need to increase other intensification or Insulation, can provide thermal current just to there is very important realistic meaning.
Therefore the present invention proposes following Optimized Measures and is:
In winter particularly autumn and winter, the temperature of dispenser target place environment is corresponding lower, and when the temperature of dispenser target place environment is during lower than 0~10 ℃, preferably dynamic air-flow is higher than environmental temperature, and difference is within the scope of 5~20 ℃.For realizing above-mentioned control, the control that gaseous flow output temperature detection means and dispenser target place environmental temperature detection means realize gaseous flow output temperature can be set.
Concrete, the output temperature of controlling gaseous flow is the corresponding benefit of temperature of itself and dispenser target place environment: when the temperature of the environment at dispenser target place is lower, the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles with relatively high temperature or heat enthalpy value is put in the environment at dispenser target place, can make the hot gaseous stream disperse in dispenser space that contains ultra micro drug particles, while running into the dispenser object of relatively lower temp or heat enthalpy value, can be quick in dispenser subject surface, three-dimensionally form liquid film of condensate, when the time reaches 0.5~3 hour, effective liquid thin layer when formed liquid film of condensate just becomes dispenser operation, when this effective liquid thin layer continues 1~2 hour, will well realize dispenser object.
Concrete, the measure the application who controls the output temperature of described gaseous flow preferably adopts following means:
One of, the input temp of control dynamic air-flow.
For controlling the input temp of dynamic air-flow, be preferably dynamic air-flow one temperature control means are set, these means can be to realize heating and/or cooling means, further preferred, this heating and/or cooling way can regulate according to dispenser target place environmental temperature, control adds heat (both having comprised that cold also comprised heat), certainly, if dynamic air-flow draws from outside air, and outside air environmental temperature is while being satisfied with the dispenser temperature requirements of dispenser target place environment, dynamic air-flow can be without any heating or cooling procedure, directly impose on the liquid of atomization, but preferred, ambient air stream is guided in the process of pressure fan through a heating region, this heating region is preferably the air channel that is provided with electric component, make electric component can obtain cooling effect, and ambient air stream can obtain heating effect, preferably, this electric component at least comprises the voltage-stablizer that sonic oscillation device is required, further preferred, control required circuit board and the stirring motor of device for administration of drugs and be also arranged in this air channel.
Preferably, the temperature range of dynamic air-flow is chosen between 5~30 ℃.During hot stream temperature too low (as 5 ℃ of ﹤), although produce some impacts to forming the intensity of the gaseous flow contain ultra micro drug particles, the more important thing is the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles that directly has influence on formation quick disperse and the settling velocity on dispenser object in confined space relatively; When excess Temperature is when (as ﹥ 35 or 40 ℃), easily cause and as thering is the biologic product agricultural chemicals of biological active matter, its validity is affected to the more sensitive agricultural chemicals of temperature.The temperature range of thermal current is chosen between 5~30 ℃, except having considered above-mentioned thermal current advantage, the OK range of also having considered universality of the present invention and having selected, but during actual use, if the biologic product agricultural chemicals of biological active matter, temperature can be selected lower, in order to avoid affect the activity of biological active matter, if the biologic product agricultural chemicals of abiotic active matter is as chemical pesticide, the temperature of thermal current can be selected higherly, even can also be suitable than 30 degree higher.
Two, when utilizing ejector that the power of conveying ultra micro medicine gaseous flow is provided, can regulate the output temperature of last gaseous flow by the temperature that regulates the high speed compression bleed of input jet device to flow, and when high speed compression air-flow is high speed compression medicine air-flow, also can realize a machine multiple medicines effect.
Three, on the outflow path that contains ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow, be provided with the heater means in one or more light sources that can generate heat or one or more circling gas flows path.By heating or the last delivery temperature of heat regulation gaseous flow not.
Preferably, at the equipped at outlet port near gaseous flow, the light source that employing can be generated heat, can utilize temperature difference effect and density contrast effect that atomizing steam is easily upwards flowed on the one hand, even can cancel the power of fan.Due to density contrast effect, little thermal can cause that carried secretly steam raises; And on the other hand, can also utilize light source that insect is produced to drive luminous effect close to device for administration of drugs, if device for administration of drugs can be equipped with other machinery means of getting rid of insects again simultaneously, as electrical network, sticky net, haftplatte etc., more make the light source that can generate heat produce the effect of achieving many things at one stroke.
Four, for described liquid arranges temperature adjustment means.This kind of means can be to a certain degree change gaseous flow temperature, can also be conducive to the atomizing of sonic oscillation device to liquid, improve the atomizing effect of liquid.The preferred partition heat exchange mode that adopts regulates described liquid for liquid temp, to avoid the destruction that directly heating may cause drug effect; Except heater means, also can be liquid stirring intensity and/or the controllable mixer means of mixing direction are set, utilize on the one hand the stirring action of liquid is prevented to liquid precipitation or solidifying wadding, utilize on the other hand the rubbing action of agitating device and liquid that liquid is heated up.
2, gaseous flow conveying assembly:
For introducing from external environment as the air stream of dynamic air-flow source of the gas, and after preferably being heated to pressurization, it is transported to again spray chamber, make dynamic air-flow not only take away the atomization medicine mist that spray chamber produces, also less with atomization medicine mist formation powder granularity in the process that carries off atomization medicine mist, the more ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow of homogeneous that distributes is sent, the application is provided with air-flow conveying assembly, the air-flow output precision that this air-flow conveying assembly is divided into dynamic air-flow input module and contains drug particles (being called for short air-flow output precision) two large divisions, wherein dynamic air-flow input module comprises the bellows 130 that are provided with pressure fan 200 in, it is arranged on the left side of spray chamber 391, the dynamic air-flow providing is by the dynamic air-flow input port 154 input spray chambers 391 on the left wall of spray chamber 391 being adjacent, and air-flow output precision is arranged on above-mentioned spray chamber 391 tops that are positioned at, so that the formed gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles of air-flow and medical liquid atomizing medicine mist of taking offence is passed out in the environment at dispenser target place.
Concrete, dynamic air-flow input module comprises dynamic air-flow is fed to the power source in spray chamber, if do not consider the input position of dynamic air-flow, this power source can be arranged on the pressure fan of spray chamber upstream, also can be arranged on air-introduced machine or the ejector in spray chamber downstream, but consider that aforesaid liquid is for entrance, dynamic air-flow input port, the complex optimums such as gaseous flow delivery outlet arrange had technique effect, the present embodiment preferably arranges pressure fan 200 in spray chamber upstream, the air outlet 153 of these pressure fan 200 spiral cases is corresponding with above-mentioned dynamic air-flow input port 154, the angle of the direction relative level face that air-flow is sent from this dynamic air-flow input port is preferably between-20 degree ~ 20 degree.
Further, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the application's dynamic air-flow input module also preferred on bellows the bottom of shell 130 be provided with an air channel, bottom being communicated with bellows fluid, on this air channel, have at least one air inlet 123, when blower fan is rotated, outside air also can be entered in air channel, bottom and be entered in bellows 130 again by those air inlets, thereby has increased intake.But the object that the application so arranges also and is not only this, the application is creationary has given air channel other important technique effect: by electric elements (as transformer 362), control assembly is (as functional switch 111, control circuit board 700), other drive source (as paddle motor 359), negative ion generating device 600 heating positions such as grade are arranged in this air channel, not only make electric elements and the circuit-line of the application's device for administration of drugs be simplified and avoid by liquid medicine contamination and the phenomenon that is short-circuited, can also make heat generating components obtain good heat radiation, and this heat can make to enter the heat heating that natural wind in this air channel, bottom can be arranged on those heat generating components in air channel, and then without cost heating cost in the situation that, improved dynamic air-flow and inputted the temperature of spray chamber and the atomizing effect of liquid, be to achieve many things at one stroke.Preferably, this air channel, bottom with base form arrange whole device for administration of drugs below, it has had again the functions such as support blower fan, spray chamber like this, further preferred, maintain and replace for ease of inner member, air channel, bottom adopts Split type structure, by a bottom 120 and base 100, fasten and form, below base, be provided with leg 121, preferably, on leg, can be provided with the pulleys such as universal joint to facilitate the movement of device for administration of drugs, more further preferred, leg also can be designed to telescopic leg and according to dispenser object, adjust the dispenser height of device for administration of drugs.
3, the Optimized Measures to gaseous flow output precision shower nozzle:
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, air-flow output precision 500 is arranged on gaseous flow delivery outlet 420 places at atomization generation chamber top, so that the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles is applied in the environment at dispenser target place.Concrete optimal way, as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4: comprise a rotating shower nozzle 500 that is arranged on kuppe gaseous flow delivery outlet 420 or 599 and the drive unit that drives shower nozzle to rotate relative to gaseous flow delivery outlet, concrete, the bottom of shower nozzle is established and is formed a gear ring structure 521, drive unit comprises a motor 530 and travelling gear 522, under the drive of motor, band nutating gear 522 rotates, shower nozzle gear ring 521 is owing to meshing together with travelling gear, also be driven rotation, thereby can realize the comprehensive dispenser of 360 degree.Certainly, the drive unit of shower nozzle is not limited to this kind of drives structure, the drives structure that also can adopt other can make shower nozzle rotate.
The rotatable design of shower nozzle, has improved dispenser scope greatly, and this device can be guaranteed without dispenser dead angle.And be further to optimize the pesticide supplying effect of shower nozzle to ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow, the application is also the shower nozzle of an approximate S shape cleverly by sprinkler design, as shown in Figure 51, be probably divided into three parts: the gaseous flow importation being connected with gaseous flow delivery outlet 420 rotatable sealings, gaseous flow break-in part, gaseous flow output.Although this structure is not very complicated, but ingenious solution when gaseous flow is exported easily causes a large amount of medicines to drip settlement issues near device for administration of drugs, that is: utilizing the variation of shower nozzle inner flow passage direction to prevent that larger drop from being swept along to take out of by dynamic air-flow cannot effectively impose on the waste of dispenser target and cause again device for administration of drugs surface by sedimentation medicine, to be dripped the drawback of making dirty and getting wet near being deposited to rapidly device for administration of drugs because of Action of Gravity Field afterwards, be little improvement, large income.And be to avoid special-shaped shower nozzle runner direction to change the negative influence to the leaving momentum of air-flow and output area, the application also preferably further takes shower nozzle following at least one improvement to obtain better pesticide supplying effect:
As shown in Figure 51, above-mentioned special-shaped shower nozzle, probably can be divided into three parts: three parts such as gaseous flow input section (D1), gaseous flow break-in section (D2), gaseous flow deferent segment (D3), gaseous flow enters special-shaped shower nozzle 599 from gaseous flow input port 420, when flowing through gaseous flow break-in section and gaseous flow deferent segment, the flow direction of gaseous flow has been passed through at least twice direction change that break-in angle is 5 degree angles, degree angle~30 (representing break-in angle with δ, as shown in Figure 51).
As shown in Figure 51, 599 is described special-shaped shower nozzle, 420 is shower nozzle gaseous flow input port, 555 is shower nozzle gaseous flow delivery outlet, D1 is gaseous flow input section, D2 is gaseous flow break-in section, D3 is gaseous flow deferent segment, δ 1 is gaseous flow the first loss break-in angle, δ 2 is gaseous flow second effective break-in angle, δ 3 is gaseous flow flow liquid angle, A is gaseous flow escape point, B is gaseous flow flow liquid point, d2 is distance during gaseous flow is escaped, d1 is distance in gaseous flow flow liquid, Δ d is gaseous flow escape displacement, E is the gaseous flow remote point that on gaseous flow input section gaseous flow input port inwall and gaseous flow deferent segment end, inwall gaseous flow is escaped between some A, F is the gaseous flow remote point between inwall gaseous flow flow liquid point B under gaseous flow input section gaseous flow input port inwall and gaseous flow deferent segment end, N is convex surface concave vertex in special shaped spray head inwall, L1 is gaseous flow input direction tangent plane line, L4 is that under gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end, inwall is selected B along gaseous flow flow liquid and selected the plumb cut line with gaseous flow input direction tangent plane line L1, L7 is that on gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end, inwall is escaped and select that A selects and the plumb cut line of gaseous flow input direction tangent plane line L1 along gaseous flow, L2 be on gaseous flow deferent segment end inwall along the escape plumb cut line of some A point and L4 of gaseous flow, L3 be under gaseous flow deferent segment end inwall along the plumb cut line of gaseous flow flow liquid point B point and L4, L5 is that on gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end, inwall is escaped and put an A point along gaseous flow, convex surface concave vertex N point in special shaped spray head inwall, on gaseous flow input section gaseous flow input port inwall and gaseous flow deferent segment end, gaseous flow remote point E between the A tangent plane line between selecting is selected in the escape of inwall gaseous flow, L6 is the gaseous flow remote point F point between inwall gaseous flow flow liquid point B under gaseous flow input section gaseous flow input port inwall and gaseous flow deferent segment end, tangent plane line between the interior convex surface concave vertex N of special shaped spray head inwall selects, L8 is that under gaseous flow deferent segment end, inwall gaseous flow flow liquid is selected B and selected along the inside tangent plane line of lower inwall,
The sectional area of supposing gaseous flow delivery outlet 420 is S420, and the sectional area of special-shaped shower nozzle gaseous flow output delivery outlet 555 is S555;
When the transmitting power of gaseous flow is identical or one regularly, the first loss break-in angle δ 1 is larger for gaseous flow, the output loss of gaseous flow is just more, and gaseous flow is just nearer from the distance of the gaseous flow delivery outlet output of special-shaped shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment, effective break-in angle δ 2 is larger for gaseous flow second, and effective output of gaseous flow is just more, and gaseous flow is also far away from the distance of the gaseous flow delivery outlet output of special-shaped shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment, as d2 > d1, and gaseous flow escape displacement Δ d(Δ d=d2 ﹣ d1) larger, the gaseous flow that inwall is escaped out along gaseous flow escape point A point from gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end is just more, apart from the invalid of the nearly gaseous flow delivery outlet of shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment D3 or waste formulation rate, increase on year-on-year basis, simultaneously, be accumulated under gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end the gaseous flow liquid being liquefied between inwall gaseous flow flow liquid point B just more, now, if there is no suitable gaseous flow flow liquid angle δ 3, the described gaseous flow liquid being liquefied that is accumulated in inwall gaseous flow flow liquid point B place under gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end is just easy to outside the gaseous flow flow liquid point B point place outflow shower nozzle of inwall under gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end, cause equally apart from the increase of the invalid of the nearly gaseous flow delivery outlet of shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment D3 or waste formulation rate.
Based on above reason, when the described special-shaped shower nozzle of design, mainly from taking Optimized Measures with lower angle:
(1), whole shower nozzle adopts the three section type designs such as gaseous flow input section (D1), a gaseous flow break-in section (D2), gaseous flow deferent segment (D3), different sections are brought into play different effects; The rear section of the forward part of gaseous flow break-in section (D2) and described gaseous flow input section (D1) is layback shape, the forward part of the rear section of gaseous flow break-in section (D2) and gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) is the shape that leans forward, and the transition face between the internal face of described gaseous flow input section (D1), gaseous flow break-in section (D2), gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) is smooth surface, the resistance while carrying to reduce gaseous flow.
(2), optimize the angle of gaseous flow the first loss break-in angle δ 1 and gaseous flow second effective break-in angle δ 2:
For take into account reduce gaseous flow in gaseous flow break-in process break-in waste, increase from effective gaseous flow quantity of gaseous flow deferent segment gaseous flow delivery outlet output and this gaseous flow realized to the conveying of maximum distance, can be optimized gaseous flow the first loss break-in angle δ 1 and the effective break-in angle δ 2 of gaseous flow second.
No matter gaseous flow the first loss break-in angle δ 1, or the effective break-in angle δ 2 of gaseous flow second, can be referred to as break-in angle δ.When δ=90, break-in angle °, when gaseous flow is flowed through gaseous flow importation and gaseous flow output from gaseous flow delivery outlet 420, do not flow to and change, gaseous flow still flows out along the direction of flowing through of original gaseous flow delivery outlet 420; When 90 ° of break-in angle δ >, there is the variation of mirror image in gaseous flow importation and gaseous flow output just, and nozzle structure and gaseous flow flow to and do not change; When δ=45, break-in angle ° (as shown in Figure 3), described shower nozzle is exactly common common shower nozzle 500, and when gaseous flow is flowed through gaseous flow importation and gaseous flow output from gaseous flow delivery outlet 420, the change of 90 ° has only occurred the flow direction of gaseous flow.
Therefore, preferred, 1≤90 ° of gaseous flow the first loss break-in angle δ, further preferably between 5 degree angles, degree angle~30; Preferably, 2≤90 ° of the effective break-in angle δ of gaseous flow second, further preferably between 5 degree angles, degree angle~30.
(3), the Optimized Measures of gaseous flow flow liquid angle δ 3:
For flowing out shower nozzle from the gaseous flow flow liquid point B point place of inwall under gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end at an easy rate, the gaseous flow liquid being liquefied that prevents from being accumulated in inwall gaseous flow flow liquid point B place under gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end causes increase invalid or waste formulation rate outward, the lower inwall of gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end gaseous flow delivery outlet can be located to inwall under gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end selects B along gaseous flow flow liquid and selects the lower position with the plumb cut line L4 of gaseous flow input direction tangent plane line L1, and it is extended gradually to convex surface concave vertex N point in special shaped spray head inwall with certain angle, like this, even inwall gaseous flow flow liquid point B place is formed with the drop of liquefaction under gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end, this drop also can again flow into spray chamber under Action of Gravity Field and unlikely being swept along by gaseous flow taken out of beyond shower nozzle.
Preferably, 3≤90 ° of gaseous flow flow liquid angle δ, further preferably between 5 degree angles, degree angle~30.
(4), the Optimized Measures of gaseous flow escape displacement Δ d:
For preventing and reducing the gaseous flow point A point of escaping from inwall on gaseous flow deferent segment D3 end along gaseous flow and escape, gaseous flow escape in apart from d2 than being the bigger the better apart from d2 in gaseous flow flow liquid, be also that gaseous flow escape displacement Δ d is the bigger the better.
Preferably, d2 >=d1, Δ d≤0.
(5), other Optimized Measures:
Whole shower nozzle not only adopts the three section type designs such as gaseous flow input section (D1), gaseous flow break-in section (D2), gaseous flow deferent segment (D3), and for guaranteeing the least possible gaseous flow loss, the transition face that not only makes described gaseous flow input between the internal face of section (D1), gaseous flow break-in section (D2), gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) adopts level and smooth curved design, and from described gaseous flow input section (D1) to gaseous flow break-in section (D2) again to gaseous flow deferent segment (D3), maintenance is identical or consistent substantially for its size of the sectional area of whole level and smooth negative camber.
Preferably, S555 >=S420;
Further preferred, in escape, apart from the internal face apart from the special-shaped shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment in (d1) part or all of length range in (d2) or flow liquid, adopt pitted skin inwall.Its reason is: when the ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow of atomization is flowed through the inwall of gaseous flow deferent segment of shower nozzle, always the liquefaction of the ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow of some atomization forms drop, when the inwall of shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment is smooth inner wall surface, because resistance between drop and smooth inner wall surface is very little, easily by dynamic air-flow, swept along and take out of, thereby drop on outside shower nozzle gaseous flow output delivery outlet, cause outside the gaseous flow delivery outlet apart from shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment the waste of invalid dose in the scope of nearly 100cm; But, after adopting pitted skin inwall, some windages may have been increased a little, but the increase due to resistance between drop and the inner wall surface of pitted skin, the drop having liquefied is just not easy to be swept along and take out of by dynamic air-flow, thereby the invalid dose dropping within the scope of the outer nearly 100cm of shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment gaseous flow delivery outlet will greatly reduce or stop.
The design of above-mentioned shower nozzle, can prevent that water droplet from being swept along and taking out of from air outlet by wind, cause the waste of invalid dose in the scope apart from air outlet 100cm, thoroughly eliminate the plant corpus pesticide injury causing due to agricultural chemicals that may occur within the scope of this, really realize the result of use of green energy conservation, actual effect sees the following form two.
Table two: dissimilar shower nozzle is in the experiment of invalid amount of liquid medicine within the scope of shower nozzle delivery outlet 100cm
Above-mentioned Optimized Measures makes the dispenser scope of the relative prior art of the application obtain great lifting.And following measures also can make the designed shower nozzle advantageous effect of the present invention more obvious:
As shown in Figure 3, the gaseous flow deferent segment gaseous flow delivery outlet of shower nozzle is also formed with air-flow grid 511, and preferred, air-flow grid are elongate in shape, and the whole air-out cambered surface that forms an evagination, so that air-flow obtains, better distributes and output more at a distance; Preferably, the inner gaseous flow deferent segment of shower nozzle is also provided with a guider, this guider is provided with 2~5 blades that are curved surface, and one end of blade is fixed on shower nozzle inwall, and the other end is fixed on an axle, those blades are in-line arrangement, curved surface guiding function due to the runner forming between blade, can drive flow rotation, makes air-flow obtain acceleration effect, effectively increase the wind pressure that of gaseous flow, make that air-flow output area is larger, dispenser is more even.
The application is considering that shower nozzle can rotate and how can further obtain the improved while of shower nozzle that scope is larger, dispenser distance is farther, waste is less by 360 degree, also preferably propose shower nozzle and can also pass through the selection in conjunction with stepper motor and control circuit board, can be as required with Arbitrary Rotation in any range of 0~360 degree by the selection of control panel function key; Also preferred proposition is also provided with a rotating block at dispenser mouth; during use, block turns to the position that does not stop that dispenser implication stream flows out; as the behind of dispenser mouth; not affect the output of gas flow; device for administration of drugs is not covered on air outlet while not using; protection air outlet, avoids foul, foreign matter to enter.
(6) ion or anion generator
The application preferably makes the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles of above-mentioned formation charged before being applied in dispenser target place environment, preferably, the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles that makes above-mentioned formation before being applied in dispenser target place environment with OH-or O3-negative electrical charge, preferably, this band electric process can be realized by plasma or anion generator, described plasma or anion generator are arranged in air channel, bottom, as shown in Figure 1.
two, the use target of this product:
Invention is preferably applicable to the dispenser environment of relative closure, as protection facility or agricultural storage freezer for crop growth, fresh-keeping warehouse, the cultivation of air-conditioned cold store or agricultural product generally all meets this requirement with colony house etc., and do not have any specific (special) requirements for dispenser target of the present invention, can be to determine dispenser target, also uncertain dispenser target, and described uncertain dispenser target can be the air without solid form, as the formaldehyde treated in room, and described definite dispenser target be in enclosed environment, have solid form without life entity and/or have life entity, as crops or agricultural product or agricultural facility etc., as to the deinsectization of crops or agricultural product or agricultural facility and/or except sick and/or except remains of pesticide and/or disinfectant anti-epidemic and/or grow and regulate etc.But with regard to effect; the present invention is the most remarkable with the pesticide supplying effect of the farms such as colony house institute with protection facility or freezer agricultural storage for, fresh-keeping warehouse, air-conditioned cold store or agricultural product cultivation at agriculture field especially crop growth, as to as described in the dispenser object of agricultural facility be can sterilize and/or except objects such as disease and/or deinsectization and/or immune and/or production antibiotic-free products.All there is compared to existing technology superiority.
Its medicine using can be solid agent or pulvis or suspending agent or liquid agent or finish in form, and described agricultural chemicals or solution can have volatility in volatility also can not have volatility, on attribute, be chemically-reactive substance or biological active matter, biological active matter can include biologic activity single plant or multiple unicellular organism (as microorganism) or extract or culture or fermentation product He ∕ or have a biologic activity single plant or multiple proteins (as biology enzyme) or extract or culture or fermentation product with ∕ or singly plant or multiplely have the unicellular organism of biologic activity and a complex of protein or extract or culture or fermentation product, and the configuration that the configuration of described biological active matter liquid can be producer to be completed before dispatching from the factory, also can be the configuration completing before user lays,
Described dispenser object is for carrying out disinfection to air in enclosed environment and/or degerming and/or deinsectization and/or deodorizing and/or except air cleaning objects such as formaldehyde, can be also the deinsectization of crops or agricultural product or livestock and/or except sick and/or process and/or the vernalization of crops and/or the objects such as regulating the micro-fertilizer of object, weeding, desinsection, sterilization, sterilization of growing of crops except the after-ripening of remains of pesticide and/or agricultural product.
three, with several embodiment, its technique effect is described below:
As shown in Fig. 2, Figure 54, take below the simplest embodiment as example illustrates working method of the present invention.
embodiment mono-, use high-effective microorganism solution to use fruit after 800 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder to remove the effect of residue of pesticide to protection ground graw mold of tomato.
experimental group:device for administration of drugs of the present invention as shown in Figure 2;
This machine comprises following assembly: the input module that is provided with the dynamic air-flow of pressure fan and air intake passage, by the spray chamber that at the bottom of kuppe 410 and feed flow, box 390 forms, the integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 being formed by 10 ultrasonic oscillation element, the pneumatic conveyer of the output precision of the gaseous flow that contains drug particles being formed by dynamic air-flow and special-shaped shower nozzle 599, automaton, biological oar (covers greatly 340, numerous 370 of paddle 350 and the expansion that contains carrier 379) and expand numerous container 300.
Wherein:
Multifunction liquid storage case comprises container 300 and is arranged on biological oar assembly paddle 350 in container, expands numerous cylinder 370 and post rod type location liquid supply assembly 330 and location feed flow control device 339X;
Pneumatic conveyer is provided with the air-flow input port 123 that is arranged on base, air-flow delivery port 555, S shape shower nozzle 599, by the centrifugal fan in extraneous air-flow introducing machine;
The control panel 110 installing in outer base, gauge tap 112, function change-over switch 111, when starting just with the prompting of light, bright light or sound;
Source of the gas is air;
Flow-control equipment is above-mentioned preferred manually cap sleeve formula location liquid feed device 330;
AC220V power supply.
This embodiment working method of the present invention is as follows:
The first step: in biological active matter solution, the expansion of biological active matter is numerous:
As shown in figure 31, the present embodiment adopts above-mentioned manual cap sleeve formula liquid feed device push rod down manual control device 3390.
First, machine is placed in place, and prepare as requested liquid, and liquid is added in container 300, tighten the large lid 340 of container, after determining that container 300 is without leakage situation, take off cover and locate the cap bag 3397 on push rod 3398 in liquid feed device 330 cap sleeves with manual cap sleeve formula, the container 300 that liquid is housed is put into it in the container position of base.Now, because push rod 339 is lowered highly not top lifting, work, fur cap plug 331 is just by the liquid flow hole sealing in feed flow liquid case 300, and liquid just can not flow out from container 300.Machine power line 142 is inserted to electric socket to switch on power, gauge tap on control panel 110 112 is set as to 2 hours, and 111 of functional switches are selected paddle and biological oar work, after 2 hours, machine quits work, and in biological active matter solution, the numerous work of the expansion of biological active matter completes.
Second step: the use of expanding numerous artifact active matter solution:
As shown in figure 30, from machine, take off container 300, by cap bag 3397 covers on push rod 3398 in liquid feed device 330 cap sleeves of manual cap sleeve formula location thereon, the above-mentioned container 300 that numerous 2 hours liquids of expansion are housed is reloaded to it in the container position of base.Now, top flat 334 in push rod 339 jack-up liquid supply assemblies, in liquid supply assembly, top flat 334 makes to be enclosed within the upwards compression of liquid supply assembly inner spring 333 on liquid supply assembly inner guiding post 332, the liquid supply assembly inner guiding post 332 on the interior top flat 334 of liquid supply assembly is fixed in promotion and fur cap plug 331 moves up and the complete jack-up of quilt, liquid in container 300 is flowed out from the liquid flow hole being exposed, volume control device is opened, now, fur cap plug 331 is always by push rod 339 jack-up, when the amount of liquid medicine flowing out in fluid storage tank 300 reaches the liquid level line height being set, liquid just stops flowing out automatically, select the power supply gear of 220v, power line on machine 142 plugs are inserted to 220V power interface, pressing lower total power switch switches on power, selection function switch 111, make the paddle in container 300 and expand numerous cylinder to start to rotate and start to stir liquid, spraying time function key on control panel is set as to 2 hours, air outlet anglec of rotation function key is set as to 360 ° of anglecs of rotation, it is within every 12 minutes, to revolve the rotating speed rotation of turning around that air outlet is rotated to rotating speed functions key assignments, pressing lower integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 power switches switches on power, machine starts normal work.Now, liquid liquid level at the bottom of feed flow in box 390 reaches working solution bit line, start working in a plurality of ultrasonic oscillators unit in integrated form sonic oscillation device 360, air is blown out from the first air-flow delivery port 153 by centrifugal type draught fan through air-flow input port 123 and through controlling, enters the position that at the bottom of storage liquid, in box, integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 4~10cm place, top medicine mists form through the second air-flow delivery port 154.Now, liquid through 360 atomizations of integrated form sonic oscillation device has started to form the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles, a large amount of OH-anions that OH-anion generator produces are blown into the drug particle that forms the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles and start to carry out anion exchange through centrifugal blower in company with air-flow, subsequently, electronegative drug particle and other a large amount of OH-anion are finally blown from air-flow delivery port 555 in the lump.After machine work certain hour, liquid position in box at the bottom of feed flow 390 is during lower than minimum liquid position, liquid in container 300 starts to flow into box 390 at the bottom of feed flow again, until stop when at the bottom of feed flow, the liquid position in box 390 reaches maximum liquid position again flowing into, flow into and so forth, until the liquid in container all flows at the bottom of feed flow box for extremely.Liquid liquid level in box at the bottom of feed flow is during lower than minimum liquid level line, and integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 auto-breakings quit work, and when reaching the setting-up time of 2 hours, machine auto-breaking stops whole work.
control group:prior art for do not possess biological oar as the machine of Fig. 2 same model.
Using method is with above-mentioned working method.
embodiment mono-: distinct methods expands the impact of numerous effect on high-effective microorganism:
High-effective microorganism instructions for use: utilizing high-effective microorganism to remove formaldehyde or when the residue of pesticide, in order to reach the high-effective microorganism concentration of equivalence unit, requiring working concentration is the amount of dilution of 200 times; In order to reduce use cost, can utilize the present invention to the high-effective microorganism solution of low concentration (as the dilution of 400 times), to expand numerous in advance.
The preparation of high-effective microorganism solution: control group is identical with experimental group compound method; Be 400 times of consumptions of high-effective microorganism dilution, the ZN high-effective microorganism that is about to 10ml is diluted in liquid supply box with 4 liters of clear liquid medicines.
The expansion of high-effective microorganism solution is numerous: utilize the expanding propagation method of biological active matter in above-mentioned biological active matter solution to expand the high-effective microorganism in high-effective microorganism solution numerous, after 2 hours, detect respectively the high-effective microorganism concentration in described high-effective microorganism solution.
The detection method of high-effective microorganism solution: the total determination method that calculating instrument is directly counted.
Calculating instrument is the total determination method of counting directly: unicellular microorganism (bacterium) suspension of getting constant volume dilution is placed on bateria chamber, counts under the microscope the average cell number in certain volume, converses the cell number for test sample product.
Every milliliter of original bacteria liquid is counted the average bacterium number * 4000000 * extension rate of the every little lattice of ﹦ containing bacterium,
(on tally in every little lattice bacterium liquid=1/4000000 milliliter)
Table three distinct methods expands the impact of numerous effect on high-effective microorganism
Result shows, control group and the present invention can promote significantly the fast-propagation of high-effective microorganism and reduce actual use cost, but the present invention can improve 42.7% the numerous effect of expansion compared with control group, compared with control group, reduce actual use cost approximately 22.7%.
embodiment bis-, use high-effective microorganism solution to use fruit after 800 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder to remove the effect of residue of pesticide to protection ground graw mold of tomato.
the present embodiment experimental group equipment: use shown in the above-mentioned Fig. 2 of the present invention machine.
This machine comprises following assembly: be provided with the input module, the spray chamber by box 390 forms at the bottom of kuppe 410 and feed flow, the integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 being comprised of 10 ultrasonic oscillator unit of the dynamic air-flow of pressure fan and air intake passage, pneumatic conveyer, the control liquid of the output precision of the gaseous flow that contains drug particles that is comprised of dynamic air-flow and special-shaped shower nozzle 599 are surely imitated device 430, automaton, paddle 350 and fluid storage tank 300.
Wherein:
Fluid storage tank 300 and the paddle 350 and the post rod type that are arranged in fluid storage tank are located liquid supply assembly 330 and location feed flow control device 339X;
Pneumatic conveyer is provided with the air-flow input port 123 that is arranged on base, air-flow delivery port 555, S shape shower nozzle 599, by the centrifugal fan in extraneous air-flow introducing machine;
The control panel 110 installing in outer base, gauge tap 112, function change-over switch 111, when starting just with the prompting of light, bright light or sound;
Source of the gas is air;
Flow-control equipment is above-mentioned preferred manually cap sleeve formula location liquid feed device 330;
AC220V power supply.
Experimental group application equipment using method is with above-described embodiment working method.
the present embodiment control group is used equipment:for DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer common on market.
Use DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer and the present invention to measure to utilize ZN high-effective microorganism to use fruit after 800 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder to remove the effect of residue of pesticide to protection ground graw mold of tomato.
embodiment bis-, different device for administration of drugs utilize high-effective microorganism solution to use fruit after 800 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder to remove the effect of residue of pesticide to protection ground graw mold of tomato:
Adopt respectively DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer and the present invention to use ZN high-effective microorganism protection ground graw mold of tomato to be used to the effect of removing residue of pesticide after 800 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder.Wherein, experimental group is pressed 200 times of consumptions of ZN high-effective microorganism dilution, and the ZN high-effective microorganism that is about to 15ml is diluted in fluid storage tank with 3 liters, clear water, puts into device for administration of drugs of the present invention and carries out dispenser; Control group is pressed 200 times of consumptions of ZN high-effective microorganism dilution equally, and the ZN high-effective microorganism that is about to 75ml is diluted in DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer and sprays with 15 liters, clear water.Respectively at execute 800 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder after 3 days in 3 days every day carry out once, measure the numerical value of residue of pesticide, and add up actual medication total amount and dilution medication total amount.
The method of table four different administration ZN high-effective microorganism is used the fruit residue of pesticide effect comparison after 800 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder to protection ground graw mold of tomato
test item dFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer the present invention
residue of pesticide (ppm) 0.015 0.01
every protection ground dilution medication total amount (kg) 90(15kg * 6 barrel) 27(3kg * 9 barrel)
every actual medication total amount (ml) of protecting 450(75ml * 6 barrel) 135(15ml * 9 barrel)
medicine-chest volume (liter) 15 7
total barrelage of using 6 barrels (2 barrels+2 barrels+2 barrels) 9 barrels (3 barrels+3 barrels+3 barrels)
protection ground specification long 50 meters, wide 7.5 meters, high 3.5 meters long 50 meters, wide 7.5 meters, high 3.5 meters
dispenser period fructescence, use 800 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder after 3 days in 3 days every day carry out once, totally three times.Allow residue of pesticide 0.3 ppm fructescence, use 800 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder after 3 days in 3 days every day carry out once, totally three times.Allow residue of pesticide 0.3 ppm
Result shows, DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer and the present invention use ZN high-effective microorganism to use and remove residue of pesticide after 800 times of liquid of 50% Sukeling wetting powder and all have good removal effect protection ground graw mold of tomato.But the present invention has province's medicine clearly, the effect of water-saving compared with DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer, economize each 70 ﹪ of medicine water-saving.
embodiment tri-, use DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer and the present invention to measure to utilize ZN high-effective microorganism to interior decoration the effect except formaldehyde.
the present embodiment experimental group equipment: use shown in the above-mentioned Fig. 2 of the present invention machine.
This machine comprises following assembly: be provided with the input module, the spray chamber by box 390 forms at the bottom of kuppe 410 and feed flow, the integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 being comprised of 10 ultrasonic oscillator unit of the dynamic air-flow of pressure fan and air intake passage, pneumatic conveyer, the control liquid of the output precision of the gaseous flow that contains drug particles that is comprised of dynamic air-flow and special-shaped shower nozzle 599 are surely imitated device 430, automaton, paddle 350 and fluid storage tank 300.
Wherein:
Fluid storage tank 300 and the paddle 350 and the post rod type that are arranged in fluid storage tank are located liquid supply assembly 330 and location feed flow control device 339X;
Pneumatic conveyer is provided with the air-flow input port 123 that is arranged on base, air-flow delivery port 555, S shape shower nozzle 599, by the centrifugal fan in extraneous air-flow introducing machine;
The control panel 110 installing in outer base, gauge tap 112, function change-over switch 111, when starting just with the prompting of light, bright light or sound;
Source of the gas is air;
Flow-control equipment is above-mentioned preferred manually cap sleeve formula location liquid feed device 330;
AC220V power supply.
Experimental group application equipment using method is with above-described embodiment working method.
the present embodiment control group is used equipment:for DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer common on market.
embodiment tri-, different device for administration of drugs utilize the removal effect of ZN high-effective microorganism to interior decoration formaldehyde:
Wherein, experimental group is pressed 200 times of consumptions of ZN high-effective microorganism dilution, and the ZN high-effective microorganism that is about to 10ml is diluted in fluid storage tank with 2 liters, clear water, puts into device for administration of drugs of the present invention and carries out dispenser; Control group is pressed 200 times of consumptions of ZN high-effective microorganism dilution equally, and the ZN high-effective microorganism that is about to 75ml is diluted in DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer and sprays with 15 liters, clear water.To what just complete finishing, indoorly spray processing respectively, coprocessing 3 days, process once every day, measures the numerical value of indoor formaldehyde, and add up actual medication total amount and dilution medication total amount.
The removal effect comparison of the method for table five different administration ZN high-effective microorganism to interior decoration formaldehyde
test item dFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer the present invention
formaldehyde initial content (mg/m3) 0.25 0.35
content (mg/m3) after formaldehyde is used once 0.15 0.25
content (mg/m3) after formaldehyde use secondary 0.05 0.05
content (mg/m3) after formaldehyde is used three times 0.00 0.00
dilution medication total amount (kg) 90(15kg * 6 barrel) 12(2kg * 6 barrel)
actual medication total amount (ml) 450(75ml * 6 barrel) 60(10ml * 6 barrel)
medicine-chest volume (liter) 15 3
total barrelage of using 6 barrels (2 barrels+2 barrels+2 barrels) 6 barrels (2 barrels+2 barrels+2 barrels)
careat (square metre) 92 92
remarks metope roof is scraped and is greasyly whitewashed, the basic finishing of dado mopping, ground brick paving etc., disfurnishes.Coprocessing 3 days, every day Timing Processing once.Detect classification I, allow content of formaldehyde 0.10mg/m3 metope roof is scraped and is greasyly whitewashed, the basic finishing of dado mopping, ground brick paving etc., disfurnishes.Coprocessing 3 days, every day Timing Processing once.Detect classification I, allow content of formaldehyde 0.10mg/m3
Result shows, DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer and device for administration of drugs of the present invention are used ZN high-effective microorganism all to have good removal effect to the removal effect of interior decoration formaldehyde.But the present invention has province's medicine clearly, the effect of water-saving compared with DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer, economize medicine water-saving effect and respectively reach 86.7%.
embodiment tetra-: the control efficiency of test 0.5% pyrethrin emulsion to protection ground vigorous period cucumber aphid.
the present embodiment experimental group equipment:use shown in the above-mentioned Figure 54 of the present invention machine.
This machine comprises following assembly: be provided with the input module, the spray chamber by box 390 forms at the bottom of kuppe 410 and feed flow, the integrated form sonic oscillation device 360 being comprised of 10 ultrasonic oscillator unit of the dynamic air-flow of pressure fan and air intake passage, pneumatic conveyer, automaton, paddle 350, fluid storage tank 300 and the multipurpose water tank 302 of the output precision of the gaseous flow that contains drug particles that is comprised of dynamic air-flow and special-shaped shower nozzle 599.
Wherein:
Be arranged on large lid 340 and paddle 350, post rod type location liquid supply assembly 330 and location feed flow control device 339X on fluid storage tank 300;
Pneumatic conveyer is provided with the air-flow input port 123 that is arranged on base, air-flow delivery port 555, S shape shower nozzle 599, by the centrifugal fan in extraneous air-flow introducing machine;
The control panel 110 installing in outer base, gauge tap 112, function change-over switch 111, when starting just with the prompting of light, bright light or sound;
Source of the gas is air;
Flow-control equipment is above-mentioned preferred manually cap sleeve formula location liquid feed device 330;
AC220V power supply.
Using method is with above-described embodiment working method, only after end-of-job, use water liquid in multipurpose water tank to liquid runner and feed flow at the bottom of box rinse.
the present embodiment control group equipment:dFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer.
embodiment tetra-, different device for administration of drugs utilize the control efficiency of 0.5% pyrethrin emulsion to protection ground vigorous period cucumber aphid:
The method that the present invention adopts: by 300 times of consumptions of 0.5% pyrethrin emulsion dilution, be about to 10 milliliter of 0.5% pyrethrin emulsion and be diluted in fluid storage tank with 3 liters, clear water, put into device for administration of drugs of the present invention and carry out dispenser;
Prior art is used DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer, equally by 750 times of consumptions of 0.5% pyrethrin, is about to 20 milliliter of 0.5% pyrethrin emulsion and is diluted in DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer and sprays with 15 liters, clear water.
Respectively at the borer population of living of the aphid on 1 day and 2 days check protection purpleflower violet herb seedling after medicine, calculate control efficiency, and add up actual medication total amount and dilution aqua liquid medication total amount.
The present invention and conventional knapsack hand sprayer spraying equipment application and the feature in agricultural protection ground facility is compared as follows:
The control efficiency comparison of protection ground vigorous period cucumber aphid after the different application method dispensers of table six
test item dFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer the present invention
1 day control efficiency (%) after medicine 87 90
2 days control efficiency (%) after medicine 91 93
every protection ground dilution aqua liquid total amount (kg) 60(15kg * 4 barrel) 9(3kg * 3 barrel)
every actual medication total amount (ml) of protecting 80(20ml * 4 barrel) 30(10ml * 3 barrel)
medicine-chest volume (liter) 15 7
protection ground specification long 50 meters, wide 7.5 meters, high 3.5 meters long 50 meters, wide 7.5 meters, high 3.5 meters
dispenser period seedling growth stage, plant height 80~120cm. seedling growth stage, plant height 80~120cm.
remarks the present embodiment in triplicate the present embodiment in triplicate
Result shows, after medicine after 1 day and medicine 2 days, DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer and the present invention all had good control efficiency to protection purpleflower violet herb aphid.But agricultural chemicals fumigator in the situation that having identical drug effect, has province's medicine clearly, the effect of water-saving compared with DFH-16A type knapsack hand sprayer, economize medicine 62.5 ﹪, water-saving 85 ﹪.
In sum, this application invention is not only simple to operate, convenient and easy, droplet grain spectrum is more consistent, and the drug microparticles forming is electronegative drug microparticles that diameter is less than 10 microns, adhesive ability is strong, in space, solid realizes dispenser object, and the actual usage amount that can significantly reduce medicine reaches 22.7 ﹪~86.7%, energy-saving and environmental protecting, realized the overall process of automatic dispenser, do not needed artificial.Have simple, economize the plurality of advantages such as medicine, water-saving, energy-saving and environmental protection.
And can be expected that, after the various Optimized Measures that the present invention adopts the present invention to propose, the experimental result than current is obtained to better technique effect.
Finally explanation:
1) in present specification (comprising all words of specification and institute's drawings attached) and technical scheme, term " comprises " and " holding " and other similar statement mean " including, but are not limited to ", and and is not used in (and not being) and gets rid of other parts, additive, member or step.
2) in present specification (comprising all words of specification and institute's drawings attached) and technical scheme, odd number is contained plural number, unless context separately has requirement.Especially, when using " one " to represent indefinite article rather than refering in particular to quantity " one ", " one " should be understood to not only comprise plural form but also comprise singulative, unless context separately has requirement.
3) even if the disclosed various preferred embodiments of the application not set forth in same embodiment; also should be understood as that and can be applied to any other side described here, embodiment or example; unless incompatible or be explicitly excluded outside in this article with it, otherwise combination or sub-portfolio between all embodiments that there is no a limit of the application is all in protection scope of the present invention.
4) the various preferred embodiments about various aspects of the present invention, concept and feature have been described herein, but these descriptions are not the complete or detailed inventories of all embodiments of the present invention, unless otherwise specified, otherwise those descriptions do not show that these features are essential, exclusiveness.The description of the exemplary preferred structure of the application is not to be read as and only limits to this kind of embodiment, unless present specification is clearly set fourth as this kind of situation.

Claims (22)

1. a device for administration of drugs, is characterised in that, comprises following structure:
Mist generating device, it comprises that one can receiving medical liquids and be its spray chamber and supersonic oscillations device to described liquid enforcement atomizing that provides atomization that space and institute's generation gaseous flow transfer passage occur, the oscillating element of this supersonic oscillations device is arranged to and described liquid fluid contact, so that described liquid is implemented to oscillation action, makes its atomization;
Air-flow conveying assembly, it comprises dynamic air-flow input module and air-flow output precision, wherein dynamic air-flow input module is when described supersonic oscillations device is constantly by described medical liquid atomizing, to the continuous supplying power air-flow of described spray chamber, described air-flow output precision, takes away the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles of described dynamic air-flow and the formation of described atomization liquid put in the environment at dispenser target place.
2. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that:
The spray chamber of described mist generating device is arranged on the centre position of device for administration of drugs, and described supersonic oscillations device is arranged on the bottom of spray chamber; At the described spray chamber opposite side relative with bellows, described mist generating device also arranges a fluid storage tank, this fluid storage tank by be arranged on liquid to be atomized on the right wall of the spray chamber being adjacent for entrance to described spray chamber feed flow; Described dynamic air-flow input module comprises that one is arranged on the bellows in spray chamber left side, bellows are provided with the air-inlet grille of dynamic air-flow, in bellows, be provided with pressure fan, the dynamic air-flow that bellows provide is by the dynamic air-flow input port input spray chamber on the left wall of spray chamber being adjacent, at the gaseous flow equipped at outlet port that is positioned at spray chamber top, described air-flow output precision is set, the gaseous flow that contains drug particles that spray chamber is generated is sent outside device for administration of drugs; In the bottom of described bellows, be provided with a base that is supported on device for administration of drugs bottom, it is provided with the entrance of the dynamic air-flow being in communication with the outside, its inside is formed with air channel, bottom, and while being provided with work in this air channel, have used heat to produce and need the electric component of heat radiation, this air channel is by controlled being communicated with described bellows fluid; This electric component includes the voltage-stablizer of described supersonic oscillations device; Electric component also comprises drive motors and required electric control element and the circuit board of device for administration of drugs control system of the set agitating device of fluid storage tank.
3. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dynamic air-flow input port is a little more than the entrance that supplies of atomization liquid, described gaseous flow delivery outlet is roughly formed on the centre position at kuppe top, and the angle between the axis of the delivery outlet of gaseous flow and the axis of dynamic air-flow input port is between 90 degree~130 degree; The import of one dynamic air-flow is at least set in the position near liquid liquid level; The transmitting power of described dynamic air-flow is from being positioned at the pressure fan of upstream, medical liquid atomizing place and/or air-introduced machine and/or the ejector in downstream, medical liquid atomizing place; At least in the upstream in medical liquid atomizing place, one pressure fan is set transmitting power is provided; When adopting ejector, the high speed compression bleed stream that ejector itself adopts is medicine air-flow or air stream; The air-flow source of described dynamic air-flow is air stream; The temperature range of described dynamic air-flow is chosen between 5~30 ℃; When the temperature of dispenser target place environment is during lower than 0~10 ℃, dynamic air-flow higher than the difference of environmental temperature within the scope of 5~20 ℃, before described dynamic air-flow offers the liquid of described atomization, selectable through a heating region, this heating region is at least provided with needs the electric component of heat radiation as heating source; Electric component at least includes the voltage-stablizer for supersonic oscillations device; Also be provided with the drive motors of fluid storage tank agitating device and the electronic component of control system, circuit board; This heating region is also controlled is provided with PULSE HEATING or ohmic heating or PTC potsherd as active electric heating element; On the described outflow path that contains ultra micro drug particles gaseous flow, being provided with heater means, is one or more light sources that can generate heat, and this heating light source is near the equipped at outlet port of gaseous flow; While adopting ejector that transmitting power is provided, the temperature of the high speed compression bleed stream of adjusting input jet device regulates the output temperature of gaseous flow.
4. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described spray chamber is the Split type structure that upper and lower two parts form, its middle and lower part is divided into box at the bottom of the feed flow of upper shed, and top is divided into up and down all kuppes of opening, and both are dismountable combines between the higher and lower levels together; But box is not only formed on the bottom of kuppe at the bottom of feed flow, also extend in the bottom of described fluid storage tank; Kuppe is split left and right structure, left and right housing, consists of; The lower end of described kuppe forms to tighten up and mouthful injects at the bottom of feed flow box inwall at the bottom of box inside makes its outer wall and feed flow and be close together; At the bottom of described feed flow, box is a trapezium structure, the part coordinating with kuppe is positioned at the bottom of trapezium structure, the internal face of bottom forms a cavity, be used as the chamber that supersonic oscillations device is set and holds the required liquid of atomization, and extending up to higher position by bottom, its top coordinates with the bottom of fluid storage tank, on the one hand for supporting fluid storage tank and providing fluid storage tank parts required installing space, the feed flow runner that utilizes on the one hand inner wall surface thereof to form to be communicated with bottom cavity is with by the liquid supply spray chamber providing in fluid storage tank; The runner that described feed flow runner is inner wall smooth; At the bottom of described feed flow, box is separate part or is formed by described base upper bottom surface; At the bottom of described feed flow, box is an independent member, supports end face on described base in its lower section and forms and the planform that at the bottom of feed flow, box bottom surface is corresponding, and what both structures were coincide fits together; Described kuppe is double-decker, and it is by dismountable being assembled together of left and right two halves housing, and the front and rear wall of its inner housing is designed to arc inner wall and make the inwall of kuppe to the gaseous flow delivery outlet convergence that is positioned at top; On the inner housing of kuppe, be also formed with the pod apertures with spray chamber internal communication; Described kuppe is divided into three sections from bottom to top: seal liquid section, fog channel section, go out mist section, the liquid supply opening of spray chamber is arranged on sealing liquid section, and the air inlet of dynamic air-flow is arranged between sealing liquid section and fog channel section, and gaseous flow delivery outlet is arranged on out the port of mist section; Fog channel section at kuppe inwall is formed with the foam rib that disappears, and the foam rib that disappears longitudinally arranges along described kuppe inwall, and the rib top of the foam rib that disappears is pinnacle; The described foam rib that disappears is formed on the left and/or right inside wall of described kuppe; Air flow stream outgoing direction in the dynamic air-flow input port of the left wall of described spray chamber, is provided with diversion comb, and the end of diversion comb also forms a blocking solution dike that is connected to each diversion comb end; The end of the end of diversion comb or blocking solution dike is formed with a plurality of downward prominent tips; Described diversion comb consists of horizontal water diversion part and vertical water diversion part, wherein horizontal diversion comb part is from horizontal stretching 20~35mm in the upper direction spray chamber of the dynamic air-flow input port of kuppe, to box below bending at the bottom of feed flow, extend to form vertical diversion comb part, width 20~35mm again; Before the inwall of described spray chamber, be provided with dismountable resistance foam net, on it, be formed with 1~3 * 1~3mm 2the little grid of specification; Described resistance foam net be formed on spray chamber before or after on inwall.
5. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described supersonic oscillations device is integrated form supersonic oscillations devices, it comprises one or more supersonic oscillations unit, those oscillating units are arranged in a seal casinghousing, each supersonic oscillations unit is provided with one or more oscillating elements, those oscillating elements expose seal casinghousing and contact to implement supersonic oscillations effect with liquid to be atomized, and the overall control of the oscillating element of described sonic oscillation device is 3-10; Described supersonic oscillations device is also provided with liquid level control piece and stable-pressure device, and wherein said liquid level control piece is arranged on seal casinghousing, and stable-pressure device is arranged in the air channel, bottom of described base; Described supersonic oscillations device is by dismountable outside bottom that is arranged on box at the bottom of feed flow, its oscillating element by feed flow at the bottom of at the bottom of perforate on box diapire and described feed flow the liquid in box in fluid contact relation, apply supersonic oscillations effect; At the bottom of feed flow, on the diapire of box, also form the partition of certain altitude, on partition, have liquid flow hole; The back of described supersonic oscillations device be arranged in base air channel, bottom or can with air channel, bottom fluid contact; Described supersonic oscillations device is by dismountable bottom that is arranged on the inside of box at the bottom of feed flow, at the bottom of described feed flow in box along being provided with guide rod in liquid level direction, described its seal casinghousing of supersonic oscillations device is slidably mounted on this guide rod, and the seal casinghousing of described supersonic oscillations device is provided with and increases or reduce buoyancy measure; The oscillatory work frequency of described supersonic oscillations device is configured to 2.0~5.0MHz.
6. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described device for administration of drugs arranges a control liquid and surely imitates device, be used for and described sonic oscillation device cooperating, this control liquid is surely imitated device, and it comprises a cover body, this cover body surrounds a cavity of opening downwards by roof and periphery wall, for covering on the top of sonic oscillation device; The roof of described cover body is formed with the perforate corresponding with the oscillating element quantity of described sonic oscillation device and position, the below of each perforate is extended to form the through type cylindrical shell of a both ends open downwards by the internal face of described roof, this cylindrical shell, for covering on the periphery of the oscillating element corresponding with it, consists of the steady effect chamber of its corresponding oscillating element the inner chamber of its both ends open; Cavity between the internal face of the outside wall surface of described cylindrical shell and described cover body periphery wall forms control sap cavity, the cavity that described control sap cavity is upper end closed, and its end face consists of the non-open area of described cover body roof; Between the upper surface of the lower surface of described cover body periphery wall and described sonic oscillation device, form one or more gaps as the control liquid gap of described control sap cavity; Between the lower surface of cylindrical shell and the epitaxial surface of described oscillating element, form one or more gaps as the feed flow gap in described steady effect chamber; The extreme higher position in feed flow gap, described steady effect chamber is less than or equal to the extreme higher position of described control sap cavity control liquid gap opening.
7. the device for administration of drugs as described in the claims 5 or 6, it is characterized in that: on sonic oscillation device, be provided with liquid level control piece, control liquid is surely imitated device and is also formed a liquid level chamber, and while normally working, its top communicates with outside air, and its bottom is communicated with steady effect chamber, control sap cavity liquid around; When the centre position of described liquid level control piece at described sonic oscillation device, the constituted mode in described liquid level chamber is: the cover body roof position corresponding with liquid level control piece of surely imitating device at described control liquid forms the through type cylindrical shell that a class quasi-static is imitated cavity configuration, utilizes its inner chamber to form the full cartridge type liquid level chamber of liquid level control piece; Form between the through type cylindrical shell in liquid level chamber and the outer face of liquid level control piece and be formed with one or more feed liquors gap; When the surrounding position of described liquid level control piece at described sonic oscillation device, the constituted mode in described liquid level chamber is: make the periphery wall of cover body in the position corresponding with liquid level control piece, form one to half recessed tubular recess of control sap cavity, utilize the internal face of box at the bottom of the side wall surface of this recess and feed flow to form the half cartridge type liquid level chamber that can detect for sonic oscillation device liquid level control piece, whether this kind of liquid level chamber can be divided into half open-top liquid level chamber and half top seal formula liquid level chamber by the sealing of the roof of cover body according to the top of its cavity again.
8. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: described control liquid is surely imitated device or is supported on sonic oscillation device or is lifted on top and its formation ligand of supersonic oscillations device; Described control liquid is surely imitated device and sonic oscillation device and is surely imitated bindiny mechanism on device and realize cooperatively interacting of the two and be connected to become an assembly by being positioned at control liquid; Bindiny mechanism is a claw structure, and sonic oscillation device forms the nosing making progress in its periphery and coordinates with claw, makes to control liquid and surely imitates device and be fixed and support and cover on the upper surface that is combined in sonic oscillation device; Maybe control liquid is surely imitated to device is dismountable to be fixed on kuppe, the setting position of surely imitating device by kuppe and control liquid coordinates to be made to control liquid and surely imitates device and be lifted on the upper surface of sonic oscillation device with required control liquid gap, feed flow gap, feed liquor gap; Or control liquid is surely imitated device and kuppe and the resistance compound composition assembly of foam net and the use of integrated form sonic oscillation matched with devices; The one side that the constituted mode in described control liquid gap, feed flow gap, feed liquor gap is the cover body periphery wall end along open downwards or several times or every face are formed with one or more gap gap as control liquid gap, in the one side of the straight-through barrel tip in steady effect chamber or several times or every face, are formed with one or more gap gap as gap, steady effect chamber; Or make to control between the epitaxial surface of the bottom face in the bottom face of sap cavity, the bottom face of surely imitating chamber, liquid level chamber and sonic oscillation device outer peripheral face, oscillating element epitaxial surface, liquid level control piece, left certain assemblage gap as the control liquid gap of control sap cavity, surely imitate the feed flow gap in chamber, the feed liquor gap in liquid level chamber; Control liquid gap is controlled or adjustable: in allowed band, control that liquid is surely imitated the hanging height of device or the bearing height on sonic oscillation device can be realized controlling width or big or small adjusting and the setting in liquid gap by adjustments.
9. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the outflow set positions of its post rod type location liquid supply assembly arranging from fluid storage tank according to liquid of the optimal liquid level of the liquid of box at the bottom of described feed flow, shutting down liquid level leans on the liquid level control piece of supersonic oscillations device to detect and implement stoppage protection, at the bottom of described feed flow, at the bottom of the extreme lower position of the supply opening of box and feed flow, the extreme lower position of box is in the extreme lower position of box in same level or at the bottom of a little higher than feed flow, at the bottom of described feed flow, its lowest position in the control liquid gap of device is surely imitated in the extreme higher position of the supply opening of box lower than control liquid.
10. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that: described chemicals feeder is also provided with a fluid storage tank, between described fluid storage tank and box at the bottom of feed flow, be formed with the runner that is communicated with both, described liquid first injects fluid storage tank and by this runner, is fed at the bottom of feed flow in box; Described chemicals feeder is also provided with a multipurpose water tank, between this multipurpose water tank and fluid storage tank, also form a runner, described stating on the inwall that the runner between box and the runner between multipurpose water tank and fluid storage tank at the bottom of fluid storage tank and feed flow be integrally formed in box at the bottom of feed flow, and along box at the bottom of multipurpose water tank, fluid storage tank, feed flow, reduce highly successively, can utilize on the one hand it to provide hot water to improve the liquid liquid temperature that is entered box at the bottom of feed flow by fluid storage tank for described fluid storage tank, can utilize on the other hand water in it to realize Yao road cleaning function before or after device for administration of drugs; At the bottom of described feed flow, box is stepped, it forms the groove of receiving medical liquids and described supersonic oscillations device is set compared with lower part, from the diapire of box at the bottom of the described feed flow of this lower position part, extend upward in the bottom of liquid injecting box, multipurpose water tank, make described fluid storage tank, multipurpose water tank be located at the place, higher position of box at the bottom of feed flow, at the bottom of described feed flow, the diapire of box forms the runner that can fluid be communicated with fluid storage tank, multipurpose water tank; Described fluid storage tank is provided with the positive and negative scale of measuring, with easy to use; One copy is removably set on box at the bottom of described feed flow, and the interior shape of box at the bottom of this copy copy feed flow, overlays on the inwall of box at the bottom of feed flow.
11. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 10, it is characterized in that: described fluid storage tank comprises that container, the container that can store liquid is provided with less first opening and the second larger opening, the first wherein less opening is for being communicated with the liquid runner on box at the bottom of described feed flow, the dismountable Yi great Gai that is sealed with of the second larger opening, large lid is threaded engagement with the second opening, at the second opening, be formed with cylindrical shape external screw thread wall, corresponding large lid is formed with internal thread wall makes it if a nut screwing clamping is in the columnar threaded walls of the second opening.
12. device for administration of drugs as described in the claims 11, it is characterized in that: the runner at the bottom of described fluid storage tank and feed flow between box is provided with liquid for hydraulic control liquid device, so that the liquid of fluid storage tank by controlled for box at the bottom of feeding, this liquid comprises post rod type location liquid supply assembly and push rod Control Component for hydraulic control liquid device, the first opening that is wherein positioned at fluid storage tank bottom arranges post rod type location liquid supply assembly, this post rod type location liquid supply assembly forms liquid flow cavity and the liquid head piece being communicated with spray chamber feed flow runner, push rod Control Component comprises that one for applying the push rod of External Force Acting to post rod type location liquid supply assembly, it is arranged on the below of post rod type location liquid supply assembly, controlled and opened or closed as required the liquid head piece that post rod type location liquid supply assembly is controlled, this post rod type location liquid supply assembly comprises fur cap plug, liquid supply assembly inner guiding post, spring, spacing duct ring, top flat and encloses and receive those assemblies and form liquid flow cavity and the housing of liquid head piece, concrete structure and work relationship are as follows: the first opening of the outer wall of housing and container is tightly connected, inwall forms liquid flow cavity, and it goes out interruption-forming liquid head piece, fur cap plug acts on liquid head piece and is used to open or close liquid head piece, and fur cap plug is fixed on the upper end of inner guiding post, and inner guiding post lower end is through being located at spacing duct ring in inner walls and being fixedly connected with for receiving the top flat of external force, inner guiding post periphery is arranged with spring, and this spring is telescopic to be located between the spacing duct ring and top flat of liquid head piece, described push rod is realized by increasing or reduce the effective depth of push rod the controllability of the effect of post rod type location liquid supply assembly, described push rod is screw, by manual or electronic Control Component, screw rod is upwards screwed out or screw in the effective depth that regulates push rod downwards, or described push rod is designed to folding or extension type or dismountable suit one can extend the cap bag of push rod effective length at push rod top, the effective depth of push rod is manually adjusted as required.
13. device for administration of drugs as described in the claims 11, is characterized in that: in described fluid storage tank, be provided with paddle and/or expand numerous cylinder; Described paddle and/or expand that numerous cylinder is dismountable is arranged on covering greatly of fluid storage tank; Together with the numerous cylinder of described expansion is removably mounted on paddle and can be with an overall structure and independent structure is dismountable is separately installed to covering greatly of fluid storage tank.
14. device for administration of drugs as described in the claims 13, it is characterized in that: a power-actuated paddle is set in described fluid storage tank, the box upper inside wall face position relative with paddle rotating shaft at the bottom of feed flow, the round wall shape of protuberance formation one hollow that makes progress structure, the drive motors driving of paddle rotating shaft box below through hollow round wall shape structure and at the bottom of being arranged on feed flow is connected; At the bottom of feed flow, the internal face on box top also forms one lower than the boss of hollow circle wall shape structure upper surface in the periphery of hollow circle wall shape structure, and the periphery of boss forms an annular channel being communicated with runner entrance; At the bottom of being positioned at the feed flow of conduit periphery, box internal face reduces to annular channel gradually, and annular channel also reduces gradually to runner entrance, and runner also reduces gradually to the supply opening of spray chamber; The highest liquid level working solution plane that the extreme lower position of conduit and runner is all designed to be greater than to box at the bottom of spray chamber feed flow, the upper surface of hollow circle wall shape structure is higher than the extreme higher position of annular channel.
15. device for administration of drugs as described in the claims 14, is characterized in that: the second opening of container and corresponding large lid are arranged on the bottom of container; Paddle by rotating shaft, seal, be sleeved on wheel hub in rotating shaft, be formed on the drive motors setting that blade on wheel hub and drive shaft rotate and form, rotating being fixed in upper end of paddle rotating shaft covers greatly and puts in container, and lower end is stretched out large lid and is directly or indirectly connected with the drive motors being arranged on outside large lid; Large lid forms a cylindrical shape peripheral flange, the position of this flange is relative with above-mentioned annular channel, the inner side of flange is formed with the cylindrical shape external screw thread wall of being combined with medical liquid container the second opening, the centre position of large lid forms a boss that can put in vessel port, and the dorsal part of boss forms cavity can be fastened at the bottom of feed flow in the formed hollow circle of box upper inside wall face wall shape structure it; Paddle is supported on the boss of large lid, and its rotating shaft is directly or indirectly rotationally connected through large lid and the drive motors that is arranged on large lid outside, and the drive motors of described paddle is arranged in the air channel, bottom of base.
16. device for administration of drugs as described in the claims 13, is characterized in that: expand numerous cylinder and comprise and accommodate the cylindrical shell of biological active matter carrier and be arranged on installation or the syndeton below cylindrical shell on cylindrical shell, to have a plurality of regular or irregular hollow holes; Expand numerous cylindrical shell by expanding numerous cylinder shell, expand that numerous cylinder is upper, end socket, low head form dismountable tube structure; Its body and low head are two halves and form, and wherein between left half housing and left half low head, form integrative-structure, between right half low head and right half housing, form integrative-structure, and two parts are combined with demountable structure again; Left and right half housing and left and right half low head form slot in corresponding cooperation place one side, and a side forms plug, and what both mated splices together; Installation below described cylindrical shell or syndeton are used for expanding on the dismountable inwall that is fixed on container of numerous cylinder, or it is dismountablely fixed on paddle or it is dismountablely fixed on to covering greatly of container; Container second opening of liquid reservoir and corresponding large lid are arranged on the bottom of container, both adopt removable seal to connect, paddle is coaxial design and forms an overall structure by the structure that removably connects with the numerous cylinder of expansion, expand the dismountable paddle top that is arranged on of numerous cylinder, dismountable being arranged on greatly of paddle covers, and expands numerous cylinder, paddle is all put in container; The described structure that removably connects, it comprises that one is dismountablely set in beam barrel portion on rotating shaft top and from the connection outward flange of the beam barrel portion outward extending broadening formation in top, the dismountable periphery that is set in beam barrel portion of wheel hub of paddle; The installation or the syndeton that are positioned at numerous bottom of expansion form elasticity connection draw-in groove at the outer wall of low head, connect outward flange and utilize the dismountable elasticity that is fixed on of elasticity of elasticity draw-in groove to connect in draw-in groove; The generation type of described elasticity draw-in groove is: the corresponding ring-type inverted T shape clamp structure that is provided with on left and right low head, those structures form does not have flexible connection draw-in groove (3751), the corresponding elasticity inverted T shape inward flange (3752) that is provided with in the position of left and right low head docking, those structures form has flexible connection draw-in groove (3751), connects outward flange and can utilize the elasticity of elasticity inverted T shape inward flange to be placed in link slot or by its taking-up; From connector or partly upwards not exclusively fastening being set together of structure of splicing of numerous left shell of expansion 371 of 20~30mm position and numerous right shell body 372 of expansion of link slot of expanding numerous bottom low head annular snap wrench structure, the structure of splicing of numerous left shell of expansion 371 of the above position of 20~30mm and numerous right shell body of expansion can further adopt glue bond to fix, and connector or link slot upwards numerous left shell of expansion 371 of 20~30mm position and the structure structure of splicing that expands numerous right shell body do not adopt glue bond fastening, and only utilize the structure of splicing to realize docking between the two; Paddle or expand between numerous cylinder and the large lid of container the setting structure that removably connects: in both shared rotating shafts, a upper bearing (metal) is set, the axis hole place of large lid arranges a lower bearing, two bearings forms fit structure, rotating shaft is passed from the boss of large lid, be connected with the shaft coupling that is arranged on large lid outside, this shaft coupling is connected with drive motors, the bottom of shaft coupling forms one and expands chamber, formative gear structure on the inwall in expansion chamber, the rotating shaft of drive motors is by coordinating with this gear structure, drives shaft coupling and paddle and/or expands the rotating shaft rotation of numerous; The size that shaft coupling expands chamber just in time covers in the hollow circle wall shape structure on the boss of box upper inside wall face at the bottom of feed flow; The function that expands numerous cylinder and paddle is integrated upper to expanding numerous cylinder, on the upper cover of numerous of expansion and/or low head and/or housing side face, stirrer paddle is set; The function that expands numerous cylinder and paddle is integrated to paddle, and biological active matter carrier is filled in during the blade of described paddle and/or oar body divide, and has and can flow into or the hollow out passage of outflow for liquid on its blade and/or oar body.
17. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that:
Air-flow conveying assembly is divided into air-flow input module and air-flow output precision two large divisions, wherein air-flow input module comprises the bellows that are provided with pressure fan in, it is arranged on the left side of spray chamber, the dynamic air-flow providing is by the dynamic air-flow input port input spray chamber on the left wall of spray chamber being adjacent, and air-flow output precision is arranged on the top of spray chamber, dynamic air-flow and the formed gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles of atomization medicine mist are passed out in the environment at dispenser target place; In spray chamber upstream, pressure fan is set, the air outlet of this pressure fan spiral case (153) is corresponding with above-mentioned dynamic air-flow input port (154), and the angle of the direction relative level face that air-flow is sent from this dynamic air-flow input port is preferably between-20 degree~20 degree; Air-flow conveying assembly also comprises the air channel, bottom that a base forms, this air channel, bottom adopts Split type structure, by pedestal (120) and casing (100), fasten and form, below pedestal, be provided with leg, on leg, can be provided with the pulleys such as universal joint to facilitate the movement of device for administration of drugs, leg also can be designed to telescopic leg and according to dispenser object, adjust the dispenser height of device for administration of drugs; The heating electric appliance parts such as the voltage-stablizer for device for administration of drugs, functional switch 111, control circuit board 700, paddle motor 359, negative ion generating device are arranged on to air channel, bottom; Air-flow output precision (500) is arranged on the gaseous flow delivery outlet (420) at spray chamber top and locates, the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles is applied in the environment at dispenser target place; Concrete: comprise the rotating shower nozzle (500) of kuppe gaseous flow delivery outlet (420) and the drive unit that drives shower nozzle to rotate relative to gaseous flow delivery outlet of being arranged on, concrete, the bottom of shower nozzle is established and is formed a gear ring structure, drive unit comprises a motor and travelling gear, under the drive of motor, band nutating gear rotates, and shower nozzle gear ring is owing to meshing together with travelling gear, also be driven rotation, thereby can realize the comprehensive dispenser of 360 degree.
18. device for administration of drugs as described in the claims 17, it is characterized in that: described shower nozzle is roughly divided into three parts: gaseous flow input section (D1), gaseous flow break-in section (D2), gaseous flow deferent segment (D3), it is characterized in that: the rear section of the forward part of described gaseous flow break-in section (D2) and described gaseous flow input section (D1) is layback shape, the forward part of the rear section of gaseous flow break-in section (D2) and gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) is the shape that leans forward, and described gaseous flow input section (D1), gaseous flow break-in section (D2), transition face between the internal face of gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) is smooth surface, to gaseous flow break-in section (D2), it forms layback shape, its gaseous flow first loss break-in angle 5 °≤δ to described gaseous flow input section (D1) 1≤ 30 °, described gaseous flow break-in section (D2) to gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) forms the shape that leans forward, the effective break-in angle 5 °≤δ of its gaseous flow second 2≤ 30 °, gaseous flow flow liquid angle 5 °≤δ 1≤ 30 °, escape displacement Δ d≤0, from described gaseous flow input section (D1) to gaseous flow break-in section (D2) again to gaseous flow deferent segment (D3), its size of the sectional area of whole level and smooth negative camber is basic keeps identical or consistent, and the gaseous flow delivery outlet sectional area of the gaseous flow deferent segment (D3) of described shower nozzle is more than or equal to the sectional area of described gaseous flow input section (D1) gaseous flow input port, in escape, apart from the internal face apart from the shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment in (d1) part or all of length range in (d2) or flow liquid, adopt pitted skin inwall, the lower internal face starting from described shower nozzle gaseous flow deferent segment gaseous flow flow liquid point extends to the convex surface concave vertex place in described shower nozzle inwall gradually with certain angle.
19. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: gaseous flow delivery outlet or close equipped at outlet port at spray chamber also arrange an air-introduced machine or ejector generation backfloweffect; Utilize described dynamic air-flow to produce backfloweffect, thereby both utilized the backfloweffect of this dynamic air-flow and the liquid of described atomization to form the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles, and utilized again the backfloweffect of this dynamic air-flow to realize described atomization liquid to the output of described dispenser target environment; Described dynamic air-flow or high speed compression air-flow are high-speed compressed air stream or high speed compression medicine air-flow.
20. device for administration of drugs as described in the claims 19, it is characterized in that: the prominent or waterwall of the upper evagination dash that is provided with circle or polygon or other shape for edge, through wires hole hole and the control panel place of cabling of articles injection-moulded bellows (130), base (100), to prevent that medicine that the liquid of atomization forms because of liquefaction from dripping or dripping that to flow into device for administration of drugs inner.
21. device for administration of drugs as described in the claims 19, is characterized in that: the gaseous flow that contains ultra micro drug particles that makes above-mentioned formation before being applied in dispenser target place environment with OH --or O 3-negative electrical charge, this band electric process can be realized by plasma or anion generator, and described plasma or anion generator are arranged in air channel, bottom.
22. as above-mentioned device for administration of drugs claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described in it, environment is relative closure environment, described enclosed environment is booth for crop growth, greenhouse, shed, freezer, fresh-keeping warehouse, air-conditioned cold store, animal house for agricultural storage, raise the relative closure environment such as house, public office or private inhabitation place, the vehicles, dispenser target in described enclosed environment is for determining dispenser target and/or uncertain dispenser target, described uncertain dispenser target is the air without solid form in enclosed environment, described definite dispenser target be in enclosed environment, have solid form without life entity and/or have life entity, further, definite dispenser target in described enclosed environment is crops or agricultural product or agricultural facility, as vegetables, melon and fruit, flowers, mushroom, medicinal material, tobacco, tealeaves, the crops such as livestock culture or agricultural product or its agricultural facility, to the dispenser object of described crops or agricultural product, it is deinsectization and/or except sick and/or process and/or the vernalization of crops and/or the objects such as adjusting of growing of crops except the after-ripening of remains of pesticide and/or agricultural product, to the dispenser object of described agricultural facility, be sterilize and/or remove disease and/or deinsectization and/or immunity and/or produce the objects such as antibiotic-free product, to the definite dispenser target in described public office and/or private inhabitation place and/or vehicle environmental, be that air carries out disinfection and/or degerming and/or deinsectization and/or deodorizing and/or except the object of the air cleanings such as formaldehyde.
CN201320753541.2U 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Pesticide applying device Expired - Fee Related CN203884514U (en)

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CN201320753541.2U Expired - Fee Related CN203884514U (en) 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Pesticide applying device

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104663633A (en) * 2013-11-26 2015-06-03 陈田来 Medicine application device and medicine application method
CN106135175A (en) * 2015-04-12 2016-11-23 陈田来 A kind of multi-purpose intelligent car
CN110075333A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-08-02 太原市动物卫生监督所 A kind of prevention and control chlorination equipment of bird flu
CN111565568A (en) * 2017-11-27 2020-08-21 艾格赛尔工业公司 Spraying device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104663633A (en) * 2013-11-26 2015-06-03 陈田来 Medicine application device and medicine application method
CN104663633B (en) * 2013-11-26 2018-07-27 北京中献智农科技有限公司 A kind of device for administration of drugs and application method
CN106135175A (en) * 2015-04-12 2016-11-23 陈田来 A kind of multi-purpose intelligent car
CN111565568A (en) * 2017-11-27 2020-08-21 艾格赛尔工业公司 Spraying device
CN110075333A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-08-02 太原市动物卫生监督所 A kind of prevention and control chlorination equipment of bird flu

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