CN203857752U - Fully-solar dryer - Google Patents

Fully-solar dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203857752U
CN203857752U CN201420209694.5U CN201420209694U CN203857752U CN 203857752 U CN203857752 U CN 203857752U CN 201420209694 U CN201420209694 U CN 201420209694U CN 203857752 U CN203857752 U CN 203857752U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying
energy
solar
heat
air
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420209694.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王贵富
吕欢
Original Assignee
潍坊富顺节能科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201420209694.5U priority Critical patent/CN203857752U/en
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Publication of CN203857752U publication Critical patent/CN203857752U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The utility model discloses a fully-solar dryer. The fully-solar dryer comprises a wood drying system internally provided with a cavity, a photoelectric conversion system for providing electric energy for a dry kiln, a heat collection system for providing a heat source for wood, and an auxiliary heating system. According to the fully-solar dryer, solar energy is converted to a heat source by using a heat absorbing plate and is converted to the electric energy by using the photoelectric conversion system, heat is replenished for a system by the auxiliary heating system, energy sources provided by the outside are not needed in a whole drying process, the fully-solar dryer can independently complete the drying process, the drying energy consumption is decreased, environmental pollution is reduced, and the production cost is lowered.

Description

A kind of full solar drying apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of full solar drying apparatus, and particularly a kind of solar energy Wood drying apparatus, belongs to drying of wood field.
Background technology
The drying of wood is of paramount importance production link in wood processing industry, and he can improve mechanical strength, cementing strength and the incrustation quality of timber and woodwork, improves the processing characteristics of timber; The dimensional stability that can improve timber and woodwork, prevents timber crack; Prevention lumber is rotten and rotten in advance, extends the service life of woodwork; Can alleviate the quality of timber, be conducive to improve the carrying capacity of vehicle; Can improve thermal insulation and the electrical insulating property of timber; But at present fossil fuel be take as drying source in China, energy consumption for drying is large, seriously polluted, and in dry run, the power consumption such as blower fan is higher.Solar energy is a kind of clean, cheap energy, adopts solar energy drying timber, for the use that reduces fossil energy, preserves the ecological environment and has great economic and social benefit.
So far, a lot of scholars are devoted to the solar energy drying of wood, and develop a series of dry solar energy equipments that can be used in.Publication number is that the patent of CN 203053159 U has been announced a kind of solar dryer, this solar dryer is simple and reasonable, efficiently convenient, by the hot-air in thermal-collecting tube, entering drying box realizes dry, hot-air in drying box on flow, can the material on rack be dried uniformly, operating efficiency is high and economize on resources.Publication number is that the patent of CN 202216496 U has been announced a kind of infant industry solar dryer, this apparatus structure is simple, easy to operate, efficiently convenient, utilize solar energy realize to dry metal dust as the energy, greatly increase work efficiency, environment friendly and pollution-free, save the energy.Publication number is that the patent of CN 101907381 A has been announced a kind of method of utilizing solar energy drying timber, and this invention utilizes the method for solar energy drying timber stable, and temperature control is flexible, and it is constant that baking temperature can keep, and realizes continuous drying; And energy consumption for drying significantly reduces, drying cost reduces, and has good dry mass; The inventive method solar thermal collector area is large, and the thermal efficiency is high, and transformation efficiency is high.Publication number is that the patent of CN 101907384 A has been announced a kind of solar drying apparatus, and the solar drying apparatus of this invention is stable, and solar conversion efficiency is high, and energy consumption for drying significantly reduces, thereby reduces drying cost, and has good dry mass.Publication number is that the patent of CN 101776377 A has been announced a kind of drying means and solar drying apparatus that utilizes solar energy, and the movably solar drying apparatus of this invention is stable, and it is constant that baking temperature can keep, and realizes continuous drying; And energy consumption for drying significantly reduces, thereby reduce drying cost, and there is good dry mass; The inventive method solar conversion efficiency is high.Although these methods for dry, have been saved the energy by solar energy, have reduced environmental pollution, but these methods are only using solar energy as thermal source dried material, for other devices, as the operation of blower fan, the switch of actuator also needs to consume electric energy, makes power consumption higher, has improved production cost.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for the problem of above prior art and a kind of full solar drying apparatus is provided, this device adopts absorber plate to convert solar energy into thermal source, employing photoelectric converting device converts solar energy into electrical energy, in whole dry run, do not need the external world that the energy is provided, can complete independently dry run, both reduce energy consumption, reduced environmental pollution, also reduced production cost.
For realizing the purpose of this utility model, the utility model provides a kind of timber dryer, comprises that inside has the wood drying system of cavity; For dry kiln provides the photoelectric conversion system of electric energy; For timber provides collecting system and the concurrent heating system of thermal source.Wherein:
Described wood drying system comprises the heat-preserving wall for insulation effect, the material that is dried heap, and deep bead, porting, impels the circulating fan of Air Flow in drying box.
Particularly the material of heat-preserving wall and thickness can be according to the environmental condition of land used is determined.
Especially in material heap, timber need separate with parting bead, and formation can be by the air channel of hot-air.
Described photoelectric conversion system comprises inverter, charging-discharging controller, and batteries and solar cell array form.
Particularly the consumption of solar cell array can arbitrarily regulate according to actual needs.
Described collecting system comprises thermal-collecting tube, heat collector, and air-valve, centrifugal blower and pipeline form.
Particularly the cold junction of thermal-collecting tube has installed helical fin additional, can strengthen heat exchange.
Especially air-valve can carry out open circulation or closed cycle to dry kiln according to actual requirement.
Described concurrent heating system is mainly comprised of electric heater.
Advantage of the present invention:
(1) take solar energy as drying of wood thermal source, both reduced the consumption of fossil fuel, avoid environmental pollution, also reduce production costs.
(2) adopt photoelectric converting device to convert solar energy into electrical energy, in whole dry run, do not need the external world that the energy is provided, can complete independently dry run, both saved the energy, reduce environmental pollution, also reduce production costs.
(3) advantages such as employing solar energy and electrical heating cooperatively interact, and can guarantee continuous drying timber in the situation that of solar energy deficiency, and the stability of the system of assurance, have dry mass good, and arid cycle is short.
(4) adopting hot-air is heat transferring medium, hot-air be heat transferring medium be also drying medium, in dry run, adopt heat exchange form one time, heat utilization ratio is high.
accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Description of reference numerals: 1, wood drying system; 11, heat-preserving wall; 12, be dried material heap; 13, deep bead; 14, porting; 15, circulating fan; 2, photoelectric conversion system; 21, comprise inverter; 22, charging-discharging controller; 23, batteries; 24, solar cell array; 3, collecting system; 31, thermal-collecting tube; 32, heat collector; 33, air-valve; 34, centrifugal blower; 35, pipeline; 4, concurrent heating system; 41, electric heater.
the specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of full solar drying apparatus of the utility model comprises photoelectric conversion system, solar energy is walked around and is turned to electric energy, for the unit such as blower fan provide electric energy; Collecting system absorbs solar energy, and solar energy is changed into heat energy, for the drying of wood provides thermal source; Four parts of the continuous and stable desiccated wood of drying system and concurrent heating system form.Wherein:
Photoelectric conversion system comprises inverter (21), charging-discharging controller (22), batteries (23) and solar cell array (24).In the course of work, after solar irradiation is mapped on solar cell array (24), solar cell array (24) absorbs luminous energy, and two ends produce electromotive force, and light energy conversion is become to electric energy.And luminous energy is stored in to batteries (23) the inside, under the effect of charging-discharging controller (22), batteries (23) neither can be overcharged also not can overdischarge, and can power to the load at any time, finally, under the effect of inverter (21), the direct current that solar cell is produced changes into alternating current for unit such as circulating fans.
Collecting system comprises thermal-collecting tube (31), heat collector (32), air-valve (33), centrifugal blower (34) and pipeline (35), in the course of work, thermal-collecting tube (31) converts solar energy into heat energy, and the heat energy that heat collector (32) is collected, under the effect of centrifugal blower (34), is sent heat into drying experiment chamber by pipeline (35).
Drying system comprises the heat-preserving wall (11) for insulation effect, the material that is dried heap (12), and deep bead (13), porting (14), impels the circulating fan (15) of Air Flow in drying box.In dry run, first as requested to log yard pile of lumber (12), under the effect of circulating fan (15), the hot-air that heat collector is sent into hothouse flows through material heap (12) along deep bead (13), transfer heat to timber, and the moisture being dried out in timber is taken away, thereby complete dry run.Finally, under the effect of centrifugal blower (34), cold air is got back to again heat collector by return duct (35) and is heated.Concurrent heating system is mainly comprised of electric heater (41), and during, rainy day not enough or cloudy at solar energy, heater (41), makes dry indoor temperature reach dry needed value, thereby guarantees that dry run carries out continuously.

Claims (9)

1. a full solar drying apparatus, is characterized in that: comprise
Inside has the wood drying system (1) of cavity; For dry kiln provides the photoelectric conversion system (2) of electric energy; For timber provides collecting system (3) and the concurrent heating system (4) of thermal source;
Described wood drying system comprises material heap (12), promotes the circulating fan (15) of circulation of air and plays the deep bead (13) of wind-guiding effect;
Described photoelectric conversion system comprises the inverter (21) that direct current is changed into alternating current, the charging-discharging controller (22) of protection batteries, the batteries that electric power storage is used (23) and the solar cell array (24) converting solar energy into electrical energy;
Described collecting system comprises the thermal-collecting tube (31) that converts solar energy into heat energy, collects the heat collector (32) of heat, controls the air-valve (33) of hot blast circulation, promotes mobile centrifugal blower (34) and the pipeline (35) of hot blast;
Described concurrent heating system comprises electric heater (41).
2. full solar drying apparatus as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: this device inner air is under the effect of described circulating fan (15) and described deep bead (13), and hot-air can be crossed material heap (12) by uniform-flow.
3. full solar drying apparatus as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described circulating fan (15) and described deep bead (13) are positioned at the top of material heap.
4. full solar drying apparatus as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described photoelectric conversion system can provide electric energy to fan unit, does not need the external world that electric energy is provided.
5. full solar drying apparatus as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described photoelectric conversion system can be equipped with arbitrarily the consumption of solar cell as required.
6. full solar drying apparatus as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: by described thermal-collecting tube (31), convert solar energy into heat energy, and adopt described heat collector (32) to collect heat.
7. the full solar drying apparatus as described in claim 1 or 6, is characterized in that: hot blast can enter dry kiln by described centrifugal blower (34) and described pipeline (35).
8. full solar drying apparatus as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: adopt described electric heater (41) to supplement heat energy, can guarantee continuous drying timber in the situation that of solar energy deficiency.
9. the full solar drying apparatus as described in any one in claim 1 to 6 or 8, is characterized in that: employing hot-air is heat transferring medium, hot-air be heat transferring medium be also drying medium, in dry run, adopt heat exchange form one time, heat utilization ratio is high.
CN201420209694.5U 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 Fully-solar dryer CN203857752U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420209694.5U CN203857752U (en) 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 Fully-solar dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420209694.5U CN203857752U (en) 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 Fully-solar dryer

Publications (1)

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CN203857752U true CN203857752U (en) 2014-10-01

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105494704A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-20 衡阳智源农业科技有限公司 Tea roasting machine
CN105716388A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-06-29 陈建荣 Wood dryer
CN106403502A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Drying system for intelligently controlling rotation speed of motor through inlet temperature
CN106403501A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Drying system controlling feeding air quantity intelligently according to coal supply amount
CN106403563A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Drying system controlling coal supply amount intelligently according to outlet temperature

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105494704A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-20 衡阳智源农业科技有限公司 Tea roasting machine
CN105716388A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-06-29 陈建荣 Wood dryer
CN106403502A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Drying system for intelligently controlling rotation speed of motor through inlet temperature
CN106403501A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Drying system controlling feeding air quantity intelligently according to coal supply amount
CN106403563A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Drying system controlling coal supply amount intelligently according to outlet temperature
CN106403502B (en) * 2016-09-28 2019-03-26 青岛科技大学 A kind of drying system according to inlet temperature intelligent control motor revolving speed

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141001

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee