CN203838134U - Cup type combustor suitable for testing fire extinguishing performance of steam state fire extinguishing agents - Google Patents

Cup type combustor suitable for testing fire extinguishing performance of steam state fire extinguishing agents Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203838134U
CN203838134U CN201420184588.6U CN201420184588U CN203838134U CN 203838134 U CN203838134 U CN 203838134U CN 201420184588 U CN201420184588 U CN 201420184588U CN 203838134 U CN203838134 U CN 203838134U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fire extinguishing
steam
extinguishing agent
storage tank
cup
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420184588.6U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
倪小敏
赵媚
张少刚
王喜世
张和平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
University of Science and Technology of China USTC
Original Assignee
University of Science and Technology of China USTC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by University of Science and Technology of China USTC filed Critical University of Science and Technology of China USTC
Priority to CN201420184588.6U priority Critical patent/CN203838134U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203838134U publication Critical patent/CN203838134U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a cup type combustor suitable for testing fire extinguishing performance of steam state fire extinguishing agents. The cup type combustor suitable for testing the fire extinguishing performance of the steam state fire extinguishing agents comprises a support, wherein a combustion cup cover is vertically arranged on the support, a combustion cup is located on the center axis of the combustion cup cover, a cylindrical flow assist cavity is arranged below the combustion cup cover in sealing mode, a fuel feed pipe with a flow control valve is arranged on the side wall of the cylindrical flow assist cavity, one end of the fuel feed pipe is connected with the lower portion of a combustion cup, the other end of the fuel feed pipe is connected with an external fuel storage tank, a flow assist gas delivery pipe with a flow control valve is further arranged on the side wall of the cylindrical flow assist cavity, at least a rectification net is arranged between the flow assist gas delivery pipe and the fuel feed pipe, a fire extinguishing agent storage tank is connected with the lower portion of the cylindrical flow assist cavity in sealing mode, a fire extinguishing agent input pipe with a flow control valve is arranged above the side wall of the fire extinguishing agent storage tank, and a heating plate is arranged in the fire extinguishing agent storage tank. The cup type combustor suitable for testing the fire extinguishing performance of the steam state fire extinguishing agents is used to test the fire extinguishing performance of the steam state fire extinguishing agents such as water and perfluorinated hexanone, and fuel used for the cup type combustor suitable for testing the fire extinguishing performance of the steam state fire extinguishing agents can be liquid or gas. The cup type combustor suitable for testing the fire extinguishing performance of the steam state fire extinguishing agents is simple in structure, convenient to operate, and good in reusability.

Description

A kind of cup burner that is applicable to steam the test of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of cup burner, is specifically related to a kind of cup burner that is applicable to steam the test of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property.
Background technology
As substituting of halon extinguishing agent, inertia fire extinguishing agent is applied widely as carbon dioxide, thin water smoke, compressed-air foam etc.But water vapor is as the effective reactionlessness gas medium of one, the harsh conditions that must adopt high temperature to transport because it can condense at normal temperatures, have limited substituting as halon extinguishing agent.But at a lot of industrial sites, water vapor can obtain in a large number as starting material or the secondary product produced, therefore the application in industry fire extinguishing field obtains concern just day by day.
What the research majority of at present relevant water vapor inhibition knock down the flame adopted is Premixed Laminar Flow system, but under actual Fire Conditions, most of flame belongs to Turbulence Diffusion Combustion, and is accompanied by strong Air Entrainment effect.Therefore, the mechanism of only utilizing water vapor to suppress Premixed Laminar Flow is scientifically to reason out the extinguishing mechanism under diffusion combustion condition, need under the condition that more approaches actual flame, carry out the fire extinguishing research of water vapor.
The cup burner of being invented the earliest by Hirst and the Booth of Imperial Chemical Industries belongs to the low speed coaxial flow flame device of getting angry, and is widely used in the measurement of various gas extinguishing agent extinguishing concentrations and the research of extinguishing mechanism.In cup burner, fuel and oxygenant are positioned at the both sides of flame front, coaxially flow; Fire extinguishing agent relies on the rolling action of oxygenant to enter flame zone.Fuel equivalence ratio during due to control combustion is much smaller than 1, and therefore flame combustion can obtain sufficient oxygen, has reduced the impact of flowing on flameholding.Because cup burner combustion system is to simulate as much as possible actual buoyancy diffusion flame, therefore generally set it as the Scale Model of fire extinguishing experiment.Simultaneously, compared with actual flame, the flame in cup burner is more stable, and the required foamite amount of fray-out of flame is also larger, is therefore considered to measurement result and has the larger margin of safety.Cup burner method is adopted by the international important mechanism such as International Standards Organization (ISO), National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) (NFPA) at present, becomes the universal standard of measurement gas extinguishing concentration.
Except water vapor, as bromine fluorine propylene, the clean gas fire extinguishing agents such as perfluor hexanone, although be liquid at normal temperatures, but put out a fire with gaseous state, also not applicable extinguishing property test experience device of the fire extinguishing agent of putting out a fire in steam state mode for this type of.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of small-scale experiment device that gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property detects that is applicable to steam.
For addressing the above problem, the utility model provides a kind of cup burner that is applicable to steam the test of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property, comprise a support, on support, be uprightly provided with a combustion cup cover, combustion cup is positioned on the axis of described combustion cup cover, the below sealing of described combustion cup cover is provided with a coflow chamber cylindraceous, coflow chamber sidewall is provided with the fuel-supply pipe with flow control valve, fuel-supply pipe one end is connected with combustion cup below, the other end is connected with external fuel storage tank, in coflow chamber sidewall, be also provided with the coflow air shooter with flow control valve, between described coflow air shooter and fuel-supply pipe, be provided with at least one deck screens, the sealing of coflow chamber below is connected with fire extinguishing agent storage tank, and described flame snuffer storage tank sidewall top is provided with the fire extinguishing agent input pipe with flow control valve, and fire extinguishing agent tank inside is provided with heating plate.
Further, between described coflow chamber and fire extinguishing agent storage tank, be also sealedly connected with a steam cylindraceous and carry cavity, steam is carried in cavity and is provided with a T shape steam mozzle, the cylindrical structure that described steam mozzle is upper and lower opening, the upper opening edge of steam mozzle extends to the periphery base and steam and carries the sidewall sealing of cavity to be connected, and the steam conveyor chamber body sidewall below described base is provided with takes stream air shooter with flow control valve.
Further, described steam mozzle and fire extinguishing agent storage tank coaxially arrange, and the internal diameter of steam mozzle lower opening is 3/4~1/2 of fire extinguishing agent storage tank internal diameter.
Further, described fuel-supply pipe is connected by square elbow with combustion cup below.
Further, described fire extinguishing agent storage tank top sidewall is provided with a run-down pipe.
Further, described fire extinguishing agent tank bottom is provided with a discharge port, and discharge port is provided with sealing-plug.
Further, described heating plate heating-up temperature scope is 5~300 DEG C.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, on the basis of former cup burner, by installing controllable heater and steam delivery device additional, can make it for the research with extinction using vapour agent extinguishing property, expand the purposes of cup burner, also filled up existing shortage and be applicable to steam the deficiency of the small-scale experiment device that gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property detects.
2, applicability is strong, and this installs set various fuel delivery interface, can be used for connecting fuel and the gas of various different shapes and kind.
3, the utility model is simple in structure, assembling flexibly, convenient disassembly, all easily processing and dismounting of parts such as contained heating arrangement, fuel delivery interface, air shooter, are convenient to maintenance, mobile and carry.
4, this device, under the state not heating, is closed and is taken stream air shooter valve, also can be used for common gas extinguishing agent extinguishing property research.
Brief description of the drawings
Be described in further detail with regard to embodiment of the present utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of invention;
In figure: 1-support, 2-combustion cup cover, 3-combustion cup, 4-coflow chamber, 5-fuel-supply pipe, 6-coflow air shooter, 7-screens, 8-fire extinguishing agent storage tank, 9-fire extinguishing agent input pipe, 10-heating plate, 11-steam is carried cavity, 12-steam mozzle, 13-base, 14-takes stream air shooter, 15-flow control valve, 16-flow control valve, 17-flow control valve, 18-flow control valve, 19-run-down pipe, 20-discharge port, 21-sealing-plug, 22-square elbow.
Embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1, this device is a kind of cup burner that is applicable to steam the test of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property, comprise a support 1, on support 1, be uprightly provided with a combustion cup cover 2, combustion cup 3 is positioned on the axis of combustion cup cover 2, the 2 below sealings of combustion cup cover are provided with a coflow chamber 4 cylindraceous, coflow chamber 4 sidewalls are provided with the fuel-supply pipe 5 with flow control valve 15, fuel-supply pipe 5 one end are connected by square elbow 22 with combustion cup 3 belows, the other end is connected with external fuel storage tank, on coflow chamber 4 sidewalls, be also provided with the coflow air shooter 6 with flow control valve 16, between coflow air shooter 6 and fuel-supply pipe 5, be provided with at least one deck screens 7.
Coflow chamber 4 belows are sealedly connected with a steam cylindraceous and carry cavity 11, steam is carried in cavity 11 and is provided with a T shape steam mozzle 12, the cylindrical structure that described steam mozzle 12 is upper and lower opening, the upper opening edge of steam mozzle 12 extends to the periphery base 13 and carries the sidewall sealing of cavity 11 to be connected with steam, and the sidewall of the steam conveying cavity 11 of base 13 belows is provided with taking of flow control valve 17 and flows air shooter 14.
Steam carries the below sealing of cavity 11 to be connected with fire extinguishing agent storage tank 8, described flame snuffer storage tank 8 sidewall tops are provided with the fire extinguishing agent input pipe 9 with flow control valve 18, fire extinguishing agent storage tank 8 inside are provided with heating plate 10, the heating-up temperature scope of heating plate 10 is 5~300 DEG C, fire extinguishing agent storage tank 8 coaxially arranges with steam mozzle 12, and the internal diameter of steam mozzle 12 lower opening is 3/4~1/2 of fire extinguishing agent storage tank 8 internal diameters.Fire extinguishing agent storage tank 8 top sidewalls are also provided with a run-down pipe 19 simultaneously, prevent that fire extinguishing agent from overflowing flame snuffer storage tank, and fire extinguishing agent storage tank 8 bottoms are provided with a discharge port 20, and discharge port 20 is provided with sealing-plug 21.
The optional water intaking of fire extinguishing agent, bromo trifluoro propene and the perfluor hexanones etc. that this device uses are liquid at normal temperatures, evaporate into the firing-fighting medium of steam with gaseous state fire extinguishing while being heated.Fuel can be selected gas or liquid, and coflow gas can be selected the oxygenous mixed gas of air, oxygen or other proportionings, takes gas body and can select the inert gases such as air and nitrogen, helium.
When use, first open the flow control valve 18 of fire extinguishing agent input pipe 9, the required fire extinguishing agent of injection experiments is in fire extinguishing agent storage tank 8; Again the flow control valve of fuel-supply pipe 5 15 is opened, passed into fuel, light flame at combustion cup 3 rims of a cup; The flow control valve 16 of opening afterwards coflow air shooter 6, passes into coflow gas by coflow air shooter 6, and coflow gas arrives in combustion cup cover 2 after by screens 7 rectifications; Then open the power supply of heating plate 10, to fire extinguishing agent, heating makes it to produce steam, open again the flow control valve 17 of taking stream air shooter 14 and pass into and take gas body, make it to carry fire extinguishing agent steam and enter in combustion cup cover 2 by steam mozzle 12 and screens 7, carry out extinguishing property detection.After experiment finishes, close the power supply of heating plate 10, close flow control valve 15, the coflow air shooter 6 of fuel-supply pipe 5 flow control valve 16, take flow control valve 17, propellant cutoff and the gas of stream air shooter 14.After experimental provision is cooled to room temperature, to open the sealing-plug 21 at discharge port 20 places and emit residue fire extinguishing agent, residue fire extinguishing agent is recyclable to be utilized again; Finally can add clean-out system to clean fire extinguishing agent storage tank 8 by fire extinguishing agent delivery pipe 9.
The above; it is only the better embodiment of the utility model; but the utility model protection domain is not limited to this; any be familiar with those skilled in the art the present invention disclose technical scope in; the variation that can expect easily or replacement, within all should being encompassed in protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore the utility model protection domain is as the criterion with the protection domain of claims.

Claims (7)

1. one kind is applicable to steam the cup burner of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property test, comprise a support, on support, be uprightly provided with a combustion cup cover, combustion cup is positioned on the axis of described combustion cup cover, it is characterized in that: the below sealing of described combustion cup cover is provided with a coflow chamber cylindraceous, coflow chamber sidewall is provided with the fuel-supply pipe with flow control valve, and fuel-supply pipe one end is connected with combustion cup below, and the other end is connected with external fuel storage tank; In coflow chamber sidewall, be also provided with the coflow air shooter with flow control valve, between described coflow air shooter and fuel-supply pipe, be provided with at least one deck screens; The sealing of coflow chamber below is connected with fire extinguishing agent storage tank, and described flame snuffer storage tank sidewall top is provided with the fire extinguishing agent input pipe with flow control valve, and fire extinguishing agent tank inside is provided with heating plate.
2. a kind of cup burner that is applicable to steam the test of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that between described coflow chamber and fire extinguishing agent storage tank, being also sealedly connected with a steam cylindraceous carries cavity, steam is carried in cavity and is provided with a T shape steam mozzle, the cylindrical structure that described steam mozzle is upper and lower opening, the upper opening edge of steam mozzle extends to the periphery base and steam and carries the sidewall sealing of cavity to be connected, and the steam conveyor chamber body sidewall below described base is provided with takes stream air shooter with flow control valve.
3. a kind of cup burner that is applicable to steam the test of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that described steam mozzle and fire extinguishing agent storage tank coaxially arrange, the internal diameter of steam mozzle lower opening is 3/4~1/2 of fire extinguishing agent storage tank internal diameter.
4. a kind of cup burner that is applicable to steam the test of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described fuel-supply pipe is connected by square elbow with combustion cup below.
5. a kind of cup burner that is applicable to steam the test of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described fire extinguishing agent storage tank top sidewall is provided with a run-down pipe.
6. a kind of cup burner that is applicable to steam the test of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described fire extinguishing agent tank bottom is provided with a discharge port, and discharge port is provided with sealing-plug.
7. a kind of cup burner that is applicable to steam the test of gaseous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described heating plate heating-up temperature scope is 5~300 DEG C.
CN201420184588.6U 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Cup type combustor suitable for testing fire extinguishing performance of steam state fire extinguishing agents Withdrawn - After Issue CN203838134U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420184588.6U CN203838134U (en) 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Cup type combustor suitable for testing fire extinguishing performance of steam state fire extinguishing agents

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420184588.6U CN203838134U (en) 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Cup type combustor suitable for testing fire extinguishing performance of steam state fire extinguishing agents

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203838134U true CN203838134U (en) 2014-09-17

Family

ID=51515958

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420184588.6U Withdrawn - After Issue CN203838134U (en) 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Cup type combustor suitable for testing fire extinguishing performance of steam state fire extinguishing agents

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203838134U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103901156A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-02 中国科学技术大学 Cup-type burner applicable to test of fire extinguishing performance of vapor-state fire extinguishing agent
CN104597210A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-05-06 杨康莉 Powdered fire-extinguishing agent dispersion device
CN110146644A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-08-20 应急管理部天津消防研究所 It is a kind of for testing the device and method of liquid extinguisher vaporized gas extinguishing property
CN110221016A (en) * 2018-03-02 2019-09-10 南京理工大学 Perfluorethyl isopropyl ketone extinguishing chemical extinguishing concentration test device and its test method
RU207427U1 (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-10-28 Сергей Владимирович Лекторович FIRE CHAMBER FOR DETERMINING THE VALUE OF THE EXTINGUISHING GAS CONCENTRATION OF EXTINGUISHING GAS SUBSTANCES

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103901156A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-02 中国科学技术大学 Cup-type burner applicable to test of fire extinguishing performance of vapor-state fire extinguishing agent
CN103901156B (en) * 2014-04-16 2016-01-27 中国科学技术大学 A kind of cup burner being applicable to the test of vaporous fire extinguishing agent extinguishing property
CN104597210A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-05-06 杨康莉 Powdered fire-extinguishing agent dispersion device
CN110221016A (en) * 2018-03-02 2019-09-10 南京理工大学 Perfluorethyl isopropyl ketone extinguishing chemical extinguishing concentration test device and its test method
CN110146644A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-08-20 应急管理部天津消防研究所 It is a kind of for testing the device and method of liquid extinguisher vaporized gas extinguishing property
RU207427U1 (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-10-28 Сергей Владимирович Лекторович FIRE CHAMBER FOR DETERMINING THE VALUE OF THE EXTINGUISHING GAS CONCENTRATION OF EXTINGUISHING GAS SUBSTANCES

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203838134U (en) Cup type combustor suitable for testing fire extinguishing performance of steam state fire extinguishing agents
CN103901156A (en) Cup-type burner applicable to test of fire extinguishing performance of vapor-state fire extinguishing agent
CN201925935U (en) Combustible gas combustion device
CN103520865B (en) A kind of atomizing burner of mensurated gas composition extinguishing chemical extinguishing property
CN201537571U (en) Oil mist particle generator
CN203564677U (en) Spray-type burner for determining fire extinguishing performance of gaseous extinguishing agent
CN102974257B (en) Dynamic activity detection mixer
CN106051760B (en) Fuel injection device
CN104315557A (en) High-efficiency energy-saving gas stove core
JP2013152196A (en) Apparatus for evaluating minimum ignition energy of powder
CN201935857U (en) Corrosive gas test box
KR20170107022A (en) Volatile organic compounds combustion device, boiler, tanker, and volatile organic compound combustion method
Guo et al. Study on kerosene spray combustion and self-extinguishing behaviors under limited ventilation
CN103884014A (en) Gas and high-temperature air mixing burner
CN205640902U (en) Direct -flow gas burning unit
CN205122075U (en) Novel inhibition with demonstration teaching aid
CN203628662U (en) Pre-heating type energy-saving igniter of gas stove
CN203964974U (en) With the gas meter, flow meter of protective valve
CN103454387A (en) Cup type combustor for foam extinguishing agent experiment
CN103162316A (en) Gas stove
CN212005659U (en) Device for simulating and stabilizing combustion environment of combustion improver
CN213516964U (en) Experimental device for influencing explosion characteristics of combustible gas by superfine water mist
CN206285373U (en) A kind of steam curtain for preventing naked light from being contacted with fuel gas
CN210401338U (en) Test device for forming jet fire by leakage ignition of high-pressure gas pipeline
CN206739305U (en) A kind of biomass, domestic waste high-temperature cracking furnace cracking gas part burning pure oxygen burner

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140917

Effective date of abandoning: 20160127