CN203837253U - Square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace - Google Patents

Square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203837253U
CN203837253U CN201420166660.2U CN201420166660U CN203837253U CN 203837253 U CN203837253 U CN 203837253U CN 201420166660 U CN201420166660 U CN 201420166660U CN 203837253 U CN203837253 U CN 203837253U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
coal
fired furnace
furnace
water
flue
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420166660.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
修丰礼
徐永强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Haiyang Feng Li Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Haiyang Feng Li Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201320864454.4 priority Critical
Priority to CN201320864454 priority
Application filed by Haiyang Feng Li Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Haiyang Feng Li Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420166660.2U priority patent/CN203837253U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203837253U publication Critical patent/CN203837253U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of coal-fired furnaces, relates to an energy-saving coal-fired furnace, in particular to a square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace. The square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace is characterized by comprising an inner container and an outer container surrounding the inner container, the inner container is divided by a water cooling fire grate into an upper combustor and a lower combustor, the upper combustor and the lower combustor are communicated with a counter flame tube nest, a water jacket is arranged on the upper portion of the upper combustor, the lower portion of the lower combustor is connected with a dust storage chamber through a lower fire grate, a coal inlet is formed in the side face of an internal furnace, a mixed flame blocking tube nest and a flue are arranged on the upper portion of the water jacket and communicated with a furnace chamber, smoke generated by a furnace body is introduced into a chimney communicated with the outside world through the flue, an eddy airflow dust removal chamber controlled by a dust collection draught fan and a chimney are arranged between the flue and the chimney, the mixed flame blocking tube nest is arranged on the upper portion of the water jacket, and the outer container is connected with a heating system through a water outlet and inlet pipe arranged on the outer container. The square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace is low in energy consumption and high in heat efficiency; according to tests on the square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace, the heat efficiency can reach up to 85.85%, the energy saving rate can reach up to 27%, and the time saving rate can reach more than 12%; the square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace is free of dust emission and meets the requirement for environmental protection.

Description

A kind of square anti-manufacture hot water's Enevgy-saving coal-fired furnace
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of Enevgy-saving coal-fired furnace, belongs to coal furnace technical field.
Background technology
At present, the various back firing boilers that occur on market, its structure is circular, is applicable to the place that heating area is less.This New-type boiler is updated to square on circular foundation, and larger than circular boiler capacity, heating area is more, and longer service life is applicable to medium-and-large-sized place.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to solve the problem that heating area is less, capacity is less that above-mentioned prior art exists, and a kind of square anti-manufacture hot water's Enevgy-saving coal-fired furnace is provided,
Technical solution of the present utility model is:
A kind of square anti-manufacture hot water's Enevgy-saving coal-fired furnace, it is characterized in that the outer courage 13 that comprises inner bag 12 and be enclosed in inner bag 12 peripheries, described inner bag 12 is divided into upper combustion chamber 5 and lower combustion chamber 3 by water-cooled grate 4, described upper combustion chamber 5 and lower combustion chamber 3 are communicated with anti-fire tube group 6, described upper combustion chamber 5 tops are provided with water jacket 9, described lower burning is connected with dust-storage chamber 1 in 3 bottom via lower fire grating 2, in burner hearth side, be provided with coal feed point 7, the top of described water jacket 9 is provided with the mixing being connected with furnace chamber and blocks fire tube group 11 and flue 14, the flue dust that described flue 14 produces body of heater is introduced the extraneous chimney 20 being connected, between described flue 14 and chimney 20, be provided with whirlpool wind dirt pocket 15 and the chimney 20 by dust absorption fan 19, controlled, the top of described water jacket 9 is provided with to mix blocks fire tube group 11, described outer courage 13 is connected with heating system by the water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe 17 which is provided with.
Described outer courage 13 tops are provided with steam vent 18;
The below of described water jacket 9 is provided with reflecting plate 8;
The top of described water jacket 9 is provided with dedusting mouth 10;
On described whirlpool wind dirt pocket 15 with whirlpool wind dedusting mouth 16.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, energy consumption is low, thermal effect is high.The utility model coal furnace, owing to adopting counter-burning type oxygenation burning, add coal-fired burning repeatedly in combustion chamber 3 and combustion chamber 5, coal-fired heat energy is close under sealing state of thermal isolation and fully discharges, its inner counter fire tube group 6 and block fire tube group 11, make heat almost loss in the situation that by Absorption of Medium, its energy loss-rate tradition coal furnace is low, and its thermal efficiency is higher than traditional coal furnace, and the thermal efficiency can reach 85.85% after tested, fractional energy savings can reach 27%, and during joint, rate can reach more than 12%.
2,, without dust emission, meet environmental requirement.The utility model coal furnace, fire coal is close in sealing and fully burns under state of thermal isolation, produces flue dust and falls in dust storage bank and wouldn't discharge, and only needs Timing Processing, make normal combustion institute must the waste gas of discharge in the contamination particle such as smoke dust, meet environmental requirement.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: be this use new structure principle schematic;
Fig. 2: the top view that is Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, provide the utility model specific embodiment, the utility model is described further.
Embodiment 1
A kind of multiplex square anti-burning energy-saving pollutionless coal-fired, comprise upper combustion chamber 5, lower combustion chamber 3 and water jacket 9, dust-storage chamber 1, lower fire grating 2 and water-cooled grate 4, be arranged on the coal feed point 7 of burner hearth side, be arranged on outer courage 13 around of burner hearth and the mixing being connected with burner hearth and block fire tube group 11 and flue 14, whirlpool wind dirt pocket 15, dust absorption fan 19 and chimney 20, in stove, be provided with inner bag 12 and with the water-cooled grate 4 and the water jacket 9 that cross the inner bag that is connected, by water-cooled grate 4, inner bag 12 bottoms are separated into upper combustion chamber 3, the double combustion chamber of lower combustion chamber 5, in lower combustion chamber, anti-fire tube group 6 is set.The anti-fire tube group 6 that top communicates with combustion chamber, the effect of upper combustion chamber 5 is that aflame roaring flame undershoot is to water-cooled grate 4, Double layer burning after the sufficient air of fuel mix on lower combustion chamber 3 and lower fire grating 2, form the vibration repeatedly of burning up and down, until tiny powder is burnt down, flue dust can be discharged to air.High temperature roaring flame arrives and blocks fire tube group 11 heat releases through anti-fire tube group 6 from lower combustion chamber 3, heat is fully discharged, then enter whirlpool wind dirt pocket 15 through flue 14, by dust absorption fan 19, through chimney 20, cigarette ash is discharged.The water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe 17 being connected with outer courage 13 is connected with heating system, intrasystem water circulation operation, and outer courage top is provided with steam vent 18, the gas leak that boiler is produced, thus whole heating system is normally moved.
The utility model principle:
By combustibles, light upper combustion chamber's 5 bunker coals after igniting as thin timber etc., coal expands flame in natural oxygenation, inner bag temperature improves constantly, and flame rushes at the thinner water-cooled grate of arrangement 4 downwards, and in heat medium, part dust and live charcoal falls into lower fire grating 3 and burn away.The flame that Dual-layer is red-hot makes fuel combustion thoroughly and fully, and when significantly heating up, the cinder after burning is settled down to dust-storage chamber's 1 bottom, in dust-storage chamber, is trapped, and regularly removes.High-temperature flue gas is through anti-fire tube group 6, further after absorption heat, enter to arrive and block fire tube group 11 by Decay heat removal, the part powdery flue dust carried secretly in flue gas is when blocking fire tube group 11 on drop value water jacket 9, by dedusting mouth 10, removed, flue gas enters whirlpool wind dirt pocket 15 through flue 14 again, by whirlpool wind dedusting mouth 16, remove remaining flue dust, then cigarette is discharged through chimney 20 by dust absorption fan 19, complete combustion process.
The utility model flue dust is few, thermal effect plateau because of: aflame coal grain undershoot is to lower combustion chamber 3, in lower combustion chamber 3, form and mix hugging with lower fire grating 2, burning thoroughly, until burn down, flue dust can be discharged to air, and the main heat that burning produces is by inner bag 12, anti-fire tube group 6 and block fire tube group 11, reflecting plate 8 is absorbed by water.
The overall process of burning is close in heat-insulating and sealing and carries out, and it is inevitable outcome that environmental protection and energy saving are better than traditional coal furnace, and Inner Wall of Combustion Chamber adopts bellows, blocks fire tube and mines massively and can strengthen heat transfer area with efficient screwed pipe, delays the flame rate of climb, raising heat conduction efficiency.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, integral type design, simple in structure.The utility model hot-water boiler changes the burner of plain cylindrical furnace into counter-burning type burner, and capacity is larger, for larger heating area, uses, and the life-span is long, sturdy and durable.
2, energy consumption is low.The utility model boiler adopts Double grate back burning back-fire type combustion system, make fuel combustion fully thorough, heat energy is close under sealing state of thermal isolation fully to be discharged, its energy loss-rate plain cylindrical furnace is low, and the setting of economizer and multitube parallel heat dump can carry out towards periphery second heat transmission in the situation that replacing traditional waste gas exhausting device smoke evacuation, its thermal efficiency is higher than plain cylindrical furnace, fractional energy savings >=27%, and during joint, rate reaches more than 12%.
3, thermal effect is high.The utility model burns from top to bottom at the flame of when burning water-cooled grate, and the flame of lower fire grating burns from bottom to top, and two strands of flame fully burns to converge to enter together after inner bag is heated up in lower combustion chamber and blocks the strong heat release of fire tube group, washes away and blocks fire tube group.This kind of combustion system is stereo burning, sufficient combustion, and thermal effect is high.
4, meet environmental requirement.Under this practical boiler combustion status, be close under sealing state of thermal isolation and fully burn, the coal-fired flue dust producing leaves a part at deduster; At ash storage box, leave major part; In whirlpool, wind deduster is all held back, and only needs periodic cleaning, makes in waste gas that normal combustion discharges the contamination particles such as smoke dust, pollutes few.

Claims (5)

1. square anti-manufacture hot water's Enevgy-saving coal-fired furnace, it is characterized in that the outer courage (13) that comprises inner bag (12) and be enclosed in inner bag (12) periphery, described inner bag (12) is divided into upper combustion chamber (5) and lower combustion chamber (3) by water-cooled grate (4), described upper combustion chamber (5) and lower combustion chamber (3) are communicated with anti-fire tube group (6), described upper combustion chamber (5) top is provided with water jacket (9), the bottom of described lower combustion chamber (3) is connected with dust-storage chamber (1) via lower fire grating (2), in burner hearth side, be provided with coal feed point (7), the top of described water jacket (9) is provided with the mixing being connected with furnace chamber and blocks fire tube group (11) and flue (14), the flue dust that described flue (14) produces body of heater is introduced the extraneous chimney (20) being connected, between described flue (14) and chimney (20), be provided with whirlpool wind dirt pocket (15) and the chimney (20) by dust absorption fan (19), controlled, the top of described water jacket (9) is provided with to mix blocks fire tube group (11), described outer courage (13) is connected with heating system by the water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe (17) which is provided with.
2. a kind of square anti-manufacture hot water's Enevgy-saving coal-fired furnace as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described outer courage (13) top is provided with steam vent (18).
3. a kind of square anti-manufacture hot water's Enevgy-saving coal-fired furnace as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that the top of described water jacket (9) is provided with reflecting plate (8).
4. a kind of square anti-manufacture hot water's Enevgy-saving coal-fired furnace as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that the top of described water jacket (9) is provided with dedusting mouth (10).
5. a kind of square anti-manufacture hot water's Enevgy-saving coal-fired furnace as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described whirlpool wind dirt pocket (15) is upper with whirlpool wind dedusting mouth (16).
CN201420166660.2U 2013-12-26 2014-04-09 Square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace Expired - Fee Related CN203837253U (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320864454.4 2013-12-26
CN201320864454 2013-12-26
CN201420166660.2U CN203837253U (en) 2013-12-26 2014-04-09 Square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420166660.2U CN203837253U (en) 2013-12-26 2014-04-09 Square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203837253U true CN203837253U (en) 2014-09-17

Family

ID=51515080

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420166660.2U Expired - Fee Related CN203837253U (en) 2013-12-26 2014-04-09 Square counter-heating energy-saving water heating coal-fired furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203837253U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106500306A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-03-15 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 A kind of counter-burning type wellsite heater

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106500306A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-03-15 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 A kind of counter-burning type wellsite heater

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140917

Termination date: 20160409