CN203822194U - Mechanized working device for oil field well repair - Google Patents

Mechanized working device for oil field well repair Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203822194U
CN203822194U CN201420018434.XU CN201420018434U CN203822194U CN 203822194 U CN203822194 U CN 203822194U CN 201420018434 U CN201420018434 U CN 201420018434U CN 203822194 U CN203822194 U CN 203822194U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil pipe
arm
elevator
oil
righting
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420018434.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
付增
宋辉辉
郝丽伟
金鑫
张方圆
张辉
岳振玉
苏秋涵
唐倩雯
Original Assignee
中国石油化工股份有限公司
中国石油化工股份有限公司胜利油田分公司采油工艺研究院
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Priority to CN201420018434.XU priority Critical patent/CN203822194U/en
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Publication of CN203822194U publication Critical patent/CN203822194U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a mechanized working device for oil field well repair. The mechanized working device comprises a work platform system, an automatic elevator system, an automatic fastening and unfastening system, an oil pipe centralizing push-pull system, an oil tube lifting system, a surface drainage pipe system and a control system; the lower end of the work platform system is connected with a well mouth casing pipe four-way joint by use of a flange; the automatic elevator system and the automatic fastening and unfastening system both are fixed on the work platform system; the oil pipe centralizing push-pull system is connected to the base of the automatic fastening and unfastening system by virtue of a pin shaft; the oil tube lifting system is mounted at one side of the automatic fastening and unfastening system; the surface drainage pipe system is mounted at any one side of the oil tube lifting system and matched with the oil tube lifting system to transfer an oil tube; other systems are connected with the control system, respectively. The mechanized working device is capable of realizing unmanned well mouth operations, reducing the labor intensity of a worker, improving the work safety and guarantee smooth tripping operation of a tubular column.

Description

A kind of oil well machinery equalization device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the mechanization workover operation device of petroleum industry, specifically a kind of oil well machinery equalization device.
Background technology
Workover treatment is the important step of oilfield process, labor-intensive production for many years always, at present, traditional equipment availability is used in most of oil fields, generally need 5 above work work compounds, a driller operates tractor hoist or workover rig lower oil tube, two workmans emptying pipe thread on well head lift to move elevator, dislodging suspension ring, push-and-pull hydraulic tongs, two workmans dilatory oil pipe on well site, is responsible for the conveying of oil pipe and the discharge of oil pipe between well head and oil pipe row.Especially well head light maintenance operation, its working link is severe, and labor strength is large, and also has potential safety hazard in operating process.
Enhancing along with people-based concept and safety and environmental protection consciousness, this to rely on for a long time the work pattern that operating worker manually completes urgently to change, development along with automation detection and control technology, improve the work situation of work operations, reduce labour intensity, realize workover treatment machineryization, particularly well head operation is unmanned, has become oil well repairing operation urgent problem.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of oil well machinery equalization device, realizes well head operation unmanned, reduces workman's labour intensity, improves operational security, guarantees that tubing string removes smoothly.
The purpose of this utility model can be achieved by the following technical measures:
This device comprises job platform system, automatic elevator system, automatically goes up shackle system, oil pipe righting push-pull system, oil pipe hoisting system, ground pipe system, control system; Described job platform system lower end is connected with wellhead casing pipe four-way by flange; Described automatic elevator system, automatically go up shackle system and be all fixed in job platform system; Described oil pipe righting push-pull system is connected on the pedestal of automatically upper shackle system by bearing pin; Described oil pipe hoisting system is arranged on a side of automatically upper shackle system, and has apart from interval with job platform system, and meanwhile, on oil pipe hoisting system, having V-type groove and V-type groove will overlap with well head center line; Described ground pipe system is arranged on any side of oil pipe hoisting system, coordinates with oil pipe hoisting system the transhipment that realizes oil pipe; Described job platform system, automatic elevator system, automatically go up shackle system, oil pipe righting push-pull system, oil pipe hoisting system, ground pipe system and be connected with control system respectively.
The purpose of this utility model also can be achieved by the following technical measures:
Described job platform system comprises operation plane, job platform guardrail, job platform, blowout preventer set, supporting cylinder, platform base for supporting, lower transverse beam, support post; Described lower transverse beam is connected with wellhead casing pipe four-way by the flange of self; Described blowout preventer set is arranged on lower transverse beam; Described supporting cylinder lower end is threaded connection and is fixed on lower transverse beam, and described operation plane is connected with supporting cylinder upper end by bearing pin; Described operation planar peripheral is provided with job platform, and described job platform is welded by frame construction, has laid antiskid plate above, and job platform is connected with four support posts by bearing pin; Described job platform guardrail is arranged on job platform by guardrail cover, and guardrail cover is welded on job platform; Job platform bottom arranges support post, and support post bottom arranges platform base for supporting.
Described automatic elevator system comprises automatic elevator, elevator transporter, suspension ring set-out device, suspension ring erection device; Described elevator transporter, suspension ring erection device are fixed in job platform system simultaneously, described suspension ring set-out device adopts bolt to be arranged on operation hook, described elevator transporter is used for accepting and transporting automatic elevator, the suspension ring of suspension ring set-out device for seting out on automatic elevator, suspension ring erection device is for the suspension ring on righting automatic elevator.
Described automatic elevator comprises automatic elevator gland, automatic elevator housing, elevator pin, back-moving spring, elevator valve, locking spring, valve locking device, gear, gear device, valve tripper, hydraulic cylinder; Described elevator pin is U-shaped structure, and long one end, one end is short, and long one end is hollow section, and for placing back-moving spring, elevator pin is arranged in the U-rail of elevator housing; Described automatic elevator gland is arranged on the upper surface of elevator housing, and described back-moving spring upper end withstands on the inner surface of automatic elevator gland; Described elevator valve outer rim has rack structure, is arranged in the elevator valve groove of elevator housing; Described gear is arranged on elevator housing by bearing pin, gear and the engagement of elevator valve, and described gear device driven wheel rotates, thereby realizes the switch of valve; Described gear also connects valve locking device, the other end of valve locking device connects locking spring, described locking spring is arranged in the spring eye of elevator housing, locking spring makes valve locking device locking gear, thereby realize the locking of elevator valve, valve locking device is also connected with valve tripper, and valve locking device is normal latch mechanism; Described valve tripper is arranged on elevator housing by hydraulic cylinder.
Described elevator transporter mainly comprises support column, connecting axle, elevator transhipment groove, whirligig, lifting gear; Described whirligig is connected on transferring platform by bearing or axle sleeve, and described lifting gear is threaded connection on whirligig, and described support column is connected with lifting gear by screw thread; Connecting axle is connected with support column by welding; Described elevator transhipment slot welding is connected on connecting axle, and elevator transhipment groove is a slabbed construction, has elevator spigot surface, is mainly used in accepting automatic elevator; This elevator transporter includes two covers, is all arranged on job platform, and symmetrical about operation wellhead.
Described suspension ring set-out device is arranged on the lower end of operation hook by bolt; The inside of suspension ring set-out device is provided with drive unit, and drive unit connection expansion link also stretches out expansion link or retracts, thereby struts or regain suspension ring; Described guide head is arranged on the end of expansion link.
Described suspension ring erection device mainly comprises base for supporting, lifting gear, rotating driving device, driving gear, driven gear, front and back righting arm, left and right righting arm, hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods, expansion link; Described base for supporting is fixed by welding in job platform system; Described lifting gear is welded on to be supported on base; Described rotating driving device is bolted on lifting gear; Described driving gear is connected with rotating driving device, thereby rotary power is passed on driving gear; The driven gear of driving gear both sides and driving gear engagement; Described front and back righting arm is connected with the driven gear of both sides respectively; Described hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods be arranged on wherein one before and after on righting arm; Described hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods both sides connection expansion link.
Described automatically upper shackle system comprises supporting base, hydraulic tongs track, hydraulic tongs base, hydraulic tongs, hydraulic cylinder; Described supporting base is frame construction, is welded in job platform system; Described hydraulic tongs track welding is being supported on pedestal; Hydraulic tongs base is provided with roller; Hydraulic tongs is bolted on hydraulic tongs base, the motion of Hydraulic Cylinder hydraulic tongs base.
Described oil pipe righting push-pull system mainly comprises orbit, orientation barrel, righting arm, main aligning, auxiliary aligning, supporting base; Described supporting base is welded in job platform system; Orbit is welded on supporting base; Described orientation barrel is cylinder type, inner core and urceolus, consists of, and upper end has spigot surface, has the breach of oil pipe turnover in the cylinder sides of orientation barrel, and orientation barrel drives hydraulic cylinder to move on orbit by the orientation barrel connecting; On supporting base, be fixed with 2 fixed pin shafts, one is righting arm axis of rotation, and another is the fixed pin shaft of righting arm driving hydraulic cylinder; Righting arm drives hydraulic cylinder by righting arm, to drive the fixed pin shaft of hydraulic cylinder to be connected with righting arm, and when righting arm drives hydraulic cylinder to do rectilinear motion, righting arm rotates around righting arm axis of rotation, thereby oil pipe can be transported to well head; Described main aligning is connected on righting arm by bearing pin, and main aligning connects aligning hydraulic cylinder; Described righting arm middle part is the auxiliary righting mechanism of hinged four connecting rods that are synchronized with the movement also, and the auxiliary righting mechanism of four connecting rods has two fixedly points of rotation, and one is that four connecting rod ball seats are welded on supporting base, and another is that four connecting rod axis of rotation are fixed on righting arm.
Described oil pipe hoisting system mainly comprises conveying arm, lifting leading truck, lifting track, oil pipe crawl arm, oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft, V-type groove, oil tube slide car, V-type groove supporting seat, oil pipe rising arm, elevator bearing plate, oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft supporting seat, pedestal, lift arm; Described lift arm is fixed on pedestal by bearing pin, and the lifting leading truck of the front end of described lift arm is along lifting orbital motion, and lifting leading truck and lifting hydraulic cylinder support as the front end of lift arm simultaneously, and lift arm indoor design has the orbit of conveying arm; Conveying arm coordinates with lift arm, be arranged in the lifting track of lift arm, described conveying arm is connected with pedestal by conveying liquid cylinder pressure, and conveying liquid cylinder pressure connects driving conveying arm and advances or retreat along orbit, and conveying arm indoor design has the orbit of elevator bearing plate; Described elevator bearing plate is arranged in the track of conveying arm design, and by hydraulic cylinder bearing pin, it is fixedly connected with conveying arm; Described oil pipe rising arm is fixed on conveying arm by bearing pin, and the orbit design of described conveying arm is on the support arm of elevator bearing plate; Described V-type groove supporting seat is welded on conveying arm, and V-type groove is connected with V-type groove supporting seat by bearing pin; On V-type groove, oil tube slide car is installed, oil tube slide car seesaws on V-type groove by the hydraulic motor being attached thereto, and hydraulic motor is by chain drive oil tube slide car; Described oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft supporting seat is welded on pedestal side, and oil pipe crawl arm is welded on oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft, and oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft is connected on oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft supporting seat by bearing or axle sleeve.
Described ground pipe system mainly comprises end fixed support, oil pipe roller track, block, oil pipe lifting device guide peg, cantilever support device, oil pipe stool, oil pipe cross-arm, described oil pipe cross-arm is used for arranging placement oil pipe, cross-arm at least arranges one deck, and be seated on the oil pipe stool of below, oil pipe stool is lined up the row identical with individual layer oil pipe cross-arm quantity, a plurality of oil pipe stools of every row's spaced set, the height energy up-down adjustment of oil pipe stool, each row's oil pipe stool is high according to well head far-end height, the principle that well head near-end height is low is put, meanwhile, the most significant end of each row oil pipe stool, in same level, makes oil pipe cross-arm form inclination angle, on oil pipe cross-arm, be provided with block, prevent that oil pipe from rolling out cross-arm, described end fixed support is connected with the oil pipe roller track of top by bearing pin, below oil pipe roller track, be also connected with a plurality of cantilever support devices, be positioned at well head midline position oil pipe lifting device is set, on oil pipe lifting device, be provided with oil pipe lifting device guide peg, described end fixed support is shorter apart from the distance of well head center line than the end of oil pipe lifting device guide peg, the height of end fixed support is lower than the level height of the most significant end of oil pipe lifting device guide peg, the maximum height of described cantilever support device will be lower than the level height of end fixed support, from well head near-end to well head far-end, the height of cantilever support device reduces successively, the support arm upper support of described cantilever support device is provided with oil pipe roller track limited block, prevent the landing from support arm of oil pipe roller track, the height of oil pipe roller track limited block should be less than the height that supports oil pipe roller track, described cantilever support device can regulate height by oil pipe support arm elevating lever, in the both sides of oil pipe stool, oil pipe, oil pipe oil pipe bridge that cross-arm forms, the spacing of the bottom fixed support of two relative cantilever support devices is greater than the length of long oil pipe.
Described ground pipe system also comprises guiding device, guiding device is arranged on the well head far-end of the oil pipe bridge of oil pipe cross-arm formation, guiding device can stretch up and down by the upper support of guiding device, described upper support upper end is hinged with guide peg, guide peg is provided with a plurality of pin-and-holes, upper support lower end is positioned on fixed support, between described guide peg and fixed support, is hinged with bearing diagonal; After guiding device is installed, between the end of guide peg and oil pipe roller track, the locus that has an oil pipe at least, the height of guiding device at least will be higher than the height of the top one oil exit pipe cross-arm, the distance of guide peg end-to-end distance well head center line should be less than oil pipe cross-arm apart from the distance of well head center line, and guide peg and the projection of oil pipe cross-arm in perpendicular are intersected.
Described ground pipe system also comprises oil pipe separator, single oil pipe storing unit, described oil pipe separator is arranged on oil pipe cross-arm inner side, described oil pipe separator comprises lift arm, guide peg, support column, guide peg wherein one end is hinged on the upper end of lift arm, the other end is overlapped on and supports, oil pipe separator can move up and down by the lift arm of self, and before separated oil pipe, the height of oil pipe separator lift arm should be lower than the level height of the top one deck oil pipe; Single oil pipe storing unit is arranged between oil pipe cross-arm and oil pipe crawl arm, single oil pipe storing unit should be greater than oil pipe separator from the distance of well head center line most proximal end from the distance of well head center line distal-most end, simultaneously after the lifting of oil pipe separator, the least significant end of the guide peg of the crossing or oil pipe separator of the guide peg of the guide peg of oil pipe separator and single oil pipe storing unit will be higher than the most significant end of single oil pipe storing unit.Single oil pipe storing unit is high from one end height away from well head center line, one end height away from well head center line is low, oil pipe can roll under Action of Gravity Field on single oil pipe storing unit, the least significant end of single oil pipe storing unit has gear oil pipe device, prevent that oil pipe from rolling out single oil pipe storing unit, oil pipe lifting device crawl arm drops to after least significant end, its least significant end should be lower than the least significant end of single oil pipe storing unit, and the distal-most end of its crawl arm should be greater than the most proximal end of single oil pipe storing unit from the distance of well head center line from the distance of well head center line.
Described control system is mainly comprised of hydraulic control system, automatic control system, monitoring system; Described hydraulic control system is mainly comprised of the hydraulic pump being connected successively with hydraulic valve piece by hydraulic line, motor or diesel engine; Described automatic control system is mainly comprised of the electromagnetism valve member, the sensing element that are all connected with PLC controller; Described monitoring system is mainly by consisting of the interconnective camera of transmission line, display screen.
The utlity model has following beneficial effect:
1, realize do mechanization operation, both alleviated workman's labour intensity, reduced again potential safety hazard;
2, the utility model is furnished with automatic detection and control system and monitoring system, can realize the automation of operation, has reduced operating personnel simultaneously, especially well head operating personnel;
3, the utility model is simple in structure, and attaching/detaching is convenient, and can arrange according to well site actual conditions;
4, according to existing operating type, innovative design automatic elevator, this elevator can be realized the automatic switch of valve and the automatic picking off and hanging of elevator pin;
5, elevator transporter can be transferred to well head by elevator, and elevator can be carried out to lifting, has realized the function of man-handling of materials elevator, greatly reduces workman's labour intensity;
6, suspension ring set-out device is arranged on operation hook, can realize the automatic picking off and hanging of suspension ring under power set effect;
7, the quadric chain of oil pipe righting push-pull system and righting arm are together with a power source, and realization is synchronized with the movement, and in motion process, when certain altitude, the movement locus of quadric chain can be avoided well head center line, do not affect the motion of oil pipe lifting device;
8, oil pipe lifting device has been realized the transfer of oil pipe from well head to well site, has solved the operation of on-the-spot lift to move oil pipe;
9, well site pipe racking device is simple in structure, easy for installation, utilizes gravity principle to realize automatic tube-arranging operation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is job platform structural representation;
Fig. 3 is automatic elevator system schematic;
Fig. 4 is automatic elevator structural representation;
Fig. 5 is the top view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is elevator transporter structural representation;
Fig. 7 is the top view of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the scheme of installation of suspension ring set-out device;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of suspension ring set-out device;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of suspension ring erection device;
Figure 11 is the top view of Fig. 9;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of automatically upper shackle system;
Figure 13 is oil pipe righting push-pull device at fixed structural representation;
Schematic diagram when Figure 14 is oil pipe righting push-pull device at fixed centering oil pipe;
Figure 15 is oil pipe lifting device top view;
Figure 16 is oil pipe lifting device structural representation;
Figure 17 is ground pipe racking device top view;
Figure 18 is ground pipe racking device structural representation;
Figure 19 is oil pipe separator structural representation;
Figure 20 is comb both sides, ground cantilever support apparatus structure schematic diagrames;
Figure 21 is ground comb guiding device structural representation.
Wherein:
1 is job platform system, and 11 is operation plane, and 12 is job platform guardrail, and 13 is job platform, and 14 is blowout preventer set, and 15 is supporting cylinder, and 16 is wellhead casing pipe four-way, and 17 is platform base for supporting, and 18 is lower transverse beam, and 19 is support post;
2 is automatic elevator system, 201 is automatic elevator, 202 is elevator transporter, 203 is suspension ring set-out device, 204 is suspension ring erection device, 21 is automatic elevator gland, 22 is automatic elevator housing, 23 is elevator pin, 24 is back-moving spring, 25 is elevator valve, 26 is locking spring, 27 is valve locking device, 28 is gear, 29 is gear device (hydraulic motor or motor etc.), 210 is valve tripper, 211 is hydraulic cylinder, 212 is support column, 213 is connecting axle, 214 is elevator transhipment groove, 215 is whirligig, 216 is elevator transhipment lifting gear, 217 is operation hook, 218 is suspension ring, 219 is suspension ring set-out device housing, 220 is drive unit, 221 is expansion link, 222 is guide head, 223 is base for supporting, 224 is suspension ring righting lifting gear, 225 is rotating driving device (hydraulic motor or motor), 226 is driving gear, 227 is driven gear, 228 is front and back righting arm, 229 is left and right righting arm, 230 is hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods, 231 is expansion link,
3 is automatically upper shackle system, and 31 is supporting base, and 32 is hydraulic tongs track, and 33 is hydraulic tongs base, and 34 is hydraulic tongs, and 35 is hydraulic cylinder;
4 is oil pipe righting push-pull system, and 41 is bearing pin, and 42 is four connecting rod ball seats, 43 is orbit, and 44 is orientation barrel, and 45 is oil pipe, 46 is the auxiliary righting mechanisms of four connecting rods, and 47 is righting arm, and 48 is aligning hydraulic cylinder, 49 is main aligning, and 410 is four connecting rod axis of rotation, and 411 is auxiliary aligning, 412 is bearing pin, and 413 for orientation barrel drives hydraulic cylinder, and 414 is supporting base, 415 for righting arm drives hydraulic cylinder, and 416 is righting arm axis of rotation;
5 is oil pipe hoisting system, and 51 is conveying liquid cylinder pressure, and 52 is conveying arm, 53 is lifting leading truck, and 54 is lifting track, and 55 is lifting hydraulic cylinder, 56 is oil pipe crawl arm, and 57 is oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft, and 58 is hydraulic motor, 59 is V-type groove, and 510 is oil tube slide car, and 511 is V-type groove supporting seat, 512 is oil pipe rising arm, and 513 is elevator bearing plate, and 514 is oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft supporting seat, 515 is pedestal, and 516 is lift arm;
6 ground pipe systems, 61 is oil pipe, 62 is end fixed support, 63 is oil pipe roller track, 64 is single oil pipe storing unit, 65 is block, 66 is oil pipe separator, 67 is oil pipe crawl arm, 68 is oil pipe lifting device, 69 is well head center line, 610 is oil pipe lifting device guide peg, 611 is cantilever support device, 612 is guiding device, 613 is oil pipe cross-arm, 614 is oil pipe stool, 661 is oil pipe separator lift arm, 662 is oil pipe separator guide peg, 663 is support arm, 6111 is bottom fixed support, 6112 is oil pipe support arm elevating lever, 6113 is oil pipe support arm upper support, 6114 is oil pipe support arm block, 6121 is bottom fixed support, 6122 is upper support, 6123 is guide peg, 6124 is pin-and-hole, 6125 is bearing diagonal,
7 is control system;
8 is well head.
The specific embodiment
Relevant detailed description of the present utility model and technology contents, coordinate accompanying drawing to be described as follows, yet accompanying drawing only provides the use of reference with explanation, is not used for the utility model to be limited.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises job platform system 1, automatic elevator system 2, automatically goes up shackle system 3, oil pipe righting push-pull system 4, oil pipe hoisting system 5, ground pipe system 6, control system 7 etc.; Job platform system 1 lower end is connected with wellhead casing pipe four-way 16 by flange; Automatic elevator system 2, automatically go up shackle system 3 by welding, be threaded or other connected mode is fixed in job platform system 1; Oil pipe righting push-pull system 4 is connected on the pedestal of automatically upper shackle system 3 by bearing pin; Oil pipe hoisting system 5 is arranged on a side (automatically going up a side of shackle system 3) of well head, and has with a certain distance from job platform system 1, and meanwhile, the V-type groove of oil pipe hoisting system 5 will overlap with well head center line 69; Ground pipe system 6 is arranged on any side of oil pipe hoisting system 5, coordinates with oil pipe hoisting system 5 transhipment that realizes oil pipe; Job platform system 1, automatic elevator system 2, automatically go up shackle system 3, oil pipe righting push-pull system 4, oil pipe hoisting system 5, ground pipe system 6 and be connected with control system 7 respectively.Also comprise dynamical system, described dynamical system mainly provides the power of lower oil tube, mainly by tractor hoist and derrick, or workover rig, or the working rig of other pattern forms.Described control system is mainly comprised of hydraulic control system, automatic control system, monitoring system; Described hydraulic control system is mainly comprised of the hydraulic pump being connected successively with hydraulic valve piece by hydraulic line, motor or diesel engine; Described automatic control system is mainly comprised of the electromagnetism valve member, the sensing element that are all connected with PLC controller, sensing element is arranged on execution unit, and for image data signal, PLC is for the treatment of data, control electromagnetism valve member and carry out corresponding actions, thereby realize the mechanized operation of operation; Described monitoring system mainly, by consisting of the interconnective camera of transmission line, display screen, is installed according to field position, for monitoring site operation situation.
As shown in Figure 2, job platform system 1 comprises operation plane 11, job platform guardrail 12, job platform 13, blowout preventer set 14, supporting cylinder 15, platform base for supporting 17, lower transverse beam 18, support post 19 etc.; Job platform system 1 is connected with wellhead casing pipe four-way 16 by the flange of lower transverse beam 18, realizes being connected and fixed of job platform system 1; Blowout preventer set 14 is arranged on lower transverse beam 18; Supporting cylinder 15 is threaded connection and is fixed on lower transverse beam 18, operation plane 11 is connected with supporting cylinder 15 by bearing pin, operation plane 11 is accepted the weight that automatic elevator hangs tubing string during for operation, like this by operation plane 11, supporting cylinder 15, lower transverse beam 18 by oil pipe weight transmitting to well head four-way 16; Job platform 13 is welded by frame construction, has laid antiskid plate above, and job platform 13 is connected with four support posts 19 by bearing pin; Job platform guardrail 12 is arranged on job platform 13 by guardrail cover, and guardrail cover is welded on job platform 13; 4 platform base for supporting 17 are connected with 4 support posts 19 by bearing pin, and 4 platform base for supporting 17 are by contacting supplemental support job platform system 1 with ground.
As shown in Figure 3, automatic elevator system 2 comprises automatic elevator 201, elevator transporter 202, suspension ring set-out device 203, suspension ring erection device 204.Elevator transporter 202, suspension ring erection device 204 are fixed in job platform system 1, and suspension ring set-out device 203 adopts bolt to be arranged on operation hook; Elevator transporter 202 is for accepting and transport automatic elevator 201, and suspension ring set-out device 203 is for the suspension ring of seting out, and suspension ring erection device 204 is for righting suspension ring.
As shown in Figures 4 and 5, automatic elevator 201 is mainly by automatic elevator gland 21, automatic elevator housing 22, elevator pin 23, back-moving spring 24, elevator valve 25, locking spring 26, valve locking device 27, gear 28, gear device 29, valve tripper 210, hydraulic cylinder 211 compositions such as grade; Elevator pin 23 is " U " type structure, and long one end, one end is short, and long one end is hollow section, and for placing back-moving spring 24, elevator pin 23 is arranged in " U " type track of elevator housing 22; Automatic elevator gland 21 is arranged on the upper surface of elevator housing 22, makes back-moving spring 24 have certain pretightning force, prevents that elevator pin 23 from deviating from simultaneously; Elevator valve 25 outer rims have rack structure, are arranged in the elevator valve groove of elevator housing 22; Gear 28 is arranged on elevator housing 22 by bearing pin, gear 28 and 25 engagements of elevator valve, and gear device 29 driven wheels 28 rotate, thereby realize the switch of valve; Locking spring 26 is arranged in the spring eye of elevator housing 22, locking spring 26 makes valve locking device 27 locking gears 28, thereby realize the locking of elevator valve 25, valve locking device 27 is normal latch mechanism, when valve tripper 210 is not worked, elevator valve 25 is always in locking state, thereby prevents that oil pipe from deviating from from elevator valve 25; The hydraulic cylinder 211 of valve tripper 210 can be arranged on elevator housing 22, also can install separately, hydraulic cylinder 211 drives 210 motions of valve tripper, thereby make valve tripper 210 compression locking springs 26, make locking device 27 releases, now, gear device 29 can be realized by gear 28 switch of suspension ring valve 25, after hydraulic cylinder 211 drives valve tripper 210 to reset, locking spring 26 resets, and realizes the locking of elevator valve 25.
As shown in Fig. 6~7, elevator transporter 202 is mainly by support column 212, connecting axle 213, elevator transhipment groove 214, whirligig 215, elevator transhipment lifting gear 216 compositions such as grade; Whirligig 215 is connected on job platform 13 by bearing or axle sleeve, and whirligig 215 can drive elevator transhipment groove 214 to rotate to an angle; Elevator transhipment lifting gear 216 is threaded connection on whirligig 215, and elevator transhipment lifting gear 216 can drive elevator transhipment groove 214 to rise or decline certain distance; Support column 212 is connected with elevator transhipment lifting gear 216 by screw thread; Connecting axle 213 is connected with support column 212 by welding; Elevator transhipment groove 214 is welded on connecting axle 213, and elevator transhipment groove 214 is a slabbed construction, has elevator spigot surface, is mainly used in accepting automatic elevator 219; This system is comprised of two elevator transporters, is all arranged on job platform 13, and about operation wellhead 8 symmetries;
As shown in Fig. 8~9, suspension ring set-out device 203 is mainly by drive unit 220, expansion link 221, guide head 222 compositions such as grade; Suspension ring set-out device 203 is arranged on the lower end of operation hook 217 by bolt; The inside of suspension ring set-out device 203 is provided with drive unit 220, and drive unit 220 can make expansion link 221 stretch out or retract, thereby struts or regain suspension ring 218; Guide head 222 is arranged on the end of expansion link 221, and the suspension ring 218 that are mainly used in leading are positioned at guide head 222 when suspension ring 218 are seted out.
As shown in Figure 10~11, suspension ring erection device 204 is mainly by base for supporting 223, suspension ring righting lifting gear 224, rotating driving device (hydraulic motor or motor) 225, driving gear 226, driven gear 227, front and back righting arm 228, left and right righting arm 229, hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230, expansion link 231 compositions such as grade; Base for supporting 223 is fixed by welding in job platform system 1; Suspension ring righting lifting gear 224 is welded on to be supported on base 223, and suspension ring righting lifting gear 224 can make upper unit rise or decline certain distance; Rotating driving device 225 is bolted on suspension ring righting lifting gear 224, and before and after rotating driving device 225 can make, righting arm 228 rotates to an angle, stepping down while simultaneously realizing operation; Driving gear 226 is connected with rotating driving device 225, thereby rotary power is passed on driving gear 226; The driven gear 227 of both sides and driving gear engagement; Front and back righting arm 228 is connected with the driven gear 227 of both sides respectively, and when driven gear 227 rotates like this, before and after can driving, righting arm 228 rotates to an angle; Hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230 be arranged on wherein one before and after on righting arm, be mainly left and right righting arm 229 motion-promotion force be provided; Expansion link 231 and the hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230 of both sides are threaded connection; Left and right righting arm 229 welds or is bolted on expansion link 231.
As shown in figure 12, automatically go up shackle system 3 and comprise supporting base 31, hydraulic tongs track 32, hydraulic tongs base 33, hydraulic tongs 34, hydraulic cylinder 35; Supporting base 31 is frame construction, is welded in job platform system 1; Hydraulic tongs track 32 is welded on to be supported on pedestal 31; Hydraulic tongs base 33 is provided with roller, can do away from or approach moving of well head along hydraulic tongs track 32; Hydraulic tongs 34 is bolted on hydraulic tongs base 33, mainly main pincers, back-up tong, height quick change retaining device, link etc., consists of, and is mainly used in the upper shackle operation of oil pipe; Hydraulic cylinder 35 promotes 33 motions of hydraulic tongs base, thereby realizes advancing or retreating of hydraulic tongs.
As shown in Figure 13~14, oil pipe righting push-pull system 4 mainly comprises orbit 43, and orientation barrel 44, four connecting rods are assisted righting mechanism 46, righting arm 47, main aligning 49, auxiliary aligning 411, supporting base 414 etc., supporting base 414 is Welding frame structure, by being welded to connect in job platform system, supports pedestal 414 also can as same pedestal, use with the supporting base 31 of automatically upper shackle system 3, orbit 43 is welded on supporting base 414, and hydraulic tongs track 43 also can be used as same parts with the hydraulic tongs track 32 of automatically upper shackle system 3, orientation barrel 44 is cylinder type, inner core and urceolus, consists of, and upper end has spigot surface, and interior cylinder size is slightly larger than the external diameter of guiding oil pipe, has the breach of oil pipe turnover in the cylinder sides of orientation barrel 44, and orientation barrel 44 is arranged on base and moves on orbit, orientation barrel drives hydraulic cylinder 413 to drive orientation barrel 44 to move along orbit 43, and orientation barrel drives hydraulic cylinder 413 also can as same hydraulic cylinder, use with the hydraulic cylinder 35 of automatically upper shackle system 3, on supporting base 414, be fixed with 2 fixed pin shafts, one is righting arm 47 axis of rotation 416, and righting arm 47 is around the rotatable certain angle of this axle, and another is the fixed pin shaft of righting arm driving hydraulic cylinder 415, and this bearing pin is used for supporting fixer cylinder pressure 415, righting arm drives hydraulic cylinder 415 to be connected with righting arm 47 by bearing pin 41, and when righting arm drives hydraulic cylinder 415 to do rectilinear motion, righting arm 47 rotates around bearing pin 416, thereby oil pipe can be transported to well head, main aligning 49 is connected on righting arm 47 by bearing pin, and aligning hydraulic cylinder 48 can make 90 ° of main aligning 49 upsets, the auxiliary righting mechanism 46 of four connecting rods has two fixedly points of rotation, one is that four connecting rod ball seats 42 are welded on supporting base, bulb can be 360 ° of tilted certain angles of scope on four connecting rod ball seats 42, thereby the running orbit that adapts to the auxiliary righting mechanism 46 of four connecting rods, another is that four connecting rod axis of rotation 410 are fixed on righting arm 47, there is certain inclination angle with righting arm 47, the auxiliary righting mechanism 46 of four connecting rods is synchronized with the movement with righting arm 47, when righting arm 47 moves to well head, auxiliary aligning 411 is synchronized with the movement to well head, the centering of realization to oil pipe, as shown in figure 14, this axis of rotation 410 makes the running orbit of the auxiliary righting mechanism 46 of four connecting rods in well head center line 69 directions, avoid the running orbit of oil pipe hoisting system 5 simultaneously.
As shown in Figure 15~16, oil pipe hoisting system 5 mainly comprises conveying arm 52, lifting leading truck 53, lifting track 54, oil pipe crawl arm 56, oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft 57, V-type groove 59, oil tube slide car 510, V-type groove supporting seat 511, oil pipe rising arm 512, elevator bearing plate 513, oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft supporting seat 514, pedestal 515, lift arm 516 etc.; Pedestal 515 is Welding frame structure, lift arm 516 is fixed on pedestal 515 by bearing pin, lift arm 516 can be under the effect of lifting hydraulic cylinder 55 lifting certain altitude, lift arm 516 rear ends rotate to an angle along fixed pin shaft, the lifting leading truck 53 of the front end of lift arm 516 moves along lifting track 54, lifting leading truck 53 supports as the front end of lift arm 516 with lifting hydraulic cylinder 55 simultaneously, like this can be by oil pipe lifting, and lift arm 516 indoor designs have the orbit of conveying arm 52; Conveying arm 52 coordinates with lift arm 516, be arranged in the track of lift arm 516, conveying arm 52 is connected with pedestal 515 by conveying liquid cylinder pressure 51, and 51 motions of conveying liquid cylinder pressure can make conveying arm 52 advance or retreat along orbit, and conveying arm 52 indoor designs have the orbit of elevator bearing plate 513; Elevator bearing plate 513 is arranged in the track of conveying arm 52 designs, by hydraulic cylinder bearing pin, it is fixedly connected with conveying arm 52, and hydraulic cylinder can make elevator bearing plate 513 advance or retreat, and realizes the adjustment of elevator bearing plate 513 longitudinal separations; Oil pipe rising arm 512 is fixed on conveying arm 52 by bearing pin, orbit design is on the support arm of elevator bearing plate 513, orbit is the inclined-plane of an inclination, when elevator bearing plate 513 travels forward, one end of oil pipe rising arm 512 is fixed, the other end moves along orbit from low to high, oil pipe rising arm 512 lifts the front end of oil pipe, can realize like this disengaging of elevator 201 and oil pipe, can make the smooth down sliding of oil pipe simultaneously, when elevator bearing plate 513 is return, oil pipe rising arm 512 drops to initial position, and this device is only used when playing oil pipe; V-type groove supporting seat 511 is welded on conveying arm 52, and V-type groove 59 is connected with V-type groove supporting seat 511 by bearing pin, V-type groove 59 under hydraulic cylinder or other dynamic action turning 90 °; Oil tube slide car 510 is installed on V-type groove 59, and oil tube slide car 510 can seesaw under the effect of hydraulic motor 58 on V-type groove 59, and hydraulic motor 58 is by chain drive oil tube slide car 510; Oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft supporting seat 514 is welded on pedestal 515 sides, oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft 57 is connected on oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft supporting seat 514 by bearing or axle sleeve, oil pipe crawl arm 56 is welded on oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft 57, oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft 57 rotatable certain angles, oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft 57 drives 56 rotations of oil pipe crawl arm, so both can realize the crawl of single oil pipe.
As shown in Figure 17~21, ground pipe system 6 mainly comprises end fixed support 62, oil pipe roller track 63, single oil pipe storing unit 64, block 65, oil pipe separator 66, oil pipe conveying device guide peg 610, cantilever support device 611, guiding device 612, oil pipe stool 614 etc.; Oil pipe stool 614 is lined up the row identical with individual layer oil pipe cross-arm 613 quantity, a plurality of oil pipe stools 614 of every row's spaced set, the height of oil pipe stool 614 is adjustable to adapt to different well sites, each row's oil pipe stool 614 is high according to well head far-end height, the principle that well head near-end height is low is put, simultaneously, the most significant end of each row oil pipe stool 614 is in same level, make oil pipe cross-arm 613 form certain inclination angle, thereby make oil pipe bridge form certain angle of inclination, on oil pipe cross-arm 613, be provided with block 65, prevent that oil pipe from rolling out cross-arm 613; End fixed support 62 is installed on oil pipe lifting device 68 or ground way end, end fixed support 62 is shorter apart from the distance of well head center line 69 than the end of oil pipe lifting device guide peg 610, the height of end fixed support 62 is lower than the level height of the most significant end of oil pipe lifting device guide peg 610, the height of end fixed support 62 is adjustable, to adapt to different well sites; End fixed support 62 is connected with oil pipe roller track 63 by bearing pin, thereby realize the end portion supports of oil pipe roller track 63 and fix, in oil pipe bridge upper end, by a plurality of cantilever support devices 611, support oil pipe roller track 63, the maximum height of cantilever support device 611 will be lower than the level height of end fixed support 62, from well head near-end to well head far-end, the height of cantilever support device 611 reduces successively, make oil pipe roller track 63 and horizontal plane form certain inclination angle, thereby oil pipe is rolled under Action of Gravity Field on oil pipe roller track 63; In the support arm upper support 6113 of cantilever support device 611, be provided with oil pipe roller track limited block 6114, prevent oil pipe roller track 63 landing from support arm 6113, the height of oil pipe roller track limited block 6114 should be less than the height that supports oil pipe roller track 63, oil pipe support arm elevating lever 6112 liftables of cantilever support device 611, thereby the ground that adapts to different well sites, oil pipe bridge both sides, the spacing of the bottom fixed support 6111 of two relative cantilever support devices 611 is greater than the length of long oil pipe;
Guiding device 612 is arranged on the well head far-end of oil pipe bridge, the upper support 6122 of guiding device 612 is scalable to adapt to different oil pipe rows' height, upper support 6122 is connected by bearing pin with guide peg 6123, guide peg 6123 is provided with a plurality of pin-and-holes, bearing diagonal 6125 is connected with bottom fixed support 6121 by bearing pin one end, one end is connected with guide peg 6123, and bearing diagonal 6125 pin-and-hole different from guide peg 6123 connects can form different angles of inclination.After guiding device 612 is installed, between the end of guide peg 6123 and oil pipe roller track 63, the locus that has an oil pipe at least, the height of guiding device 612 at least will be higher than the height of the top one oil exit pipe cross-arm, the distance of guide peg 6123 end-to-end distance well head center lines 69 should be less than oil pipe cross-arm 613 apart from the distance of well head center line 69, and guide peg 6123 intersects with the projection of oil pipe cross-arm 613 in perpendicular;
Oil pipe separator 66 is arranged on oil pipe cross-arm 613 inner sides, and oil pipe separator lift arm 66 can move up and down, and before separated oil pipe, the height of oil pipe separator lift arm 66 should be lower than the level height of the top one deck oil pipe.Single oil pipe storing unit 64 should be greater than oil pipe separator 66 from the distance of well head center line most proximal end from the distance of well head center line distal-most end, after oil pipe separator 66 liftings simultaneously, in the elevation of ground oil conduit separator, the guide peg of the guide peg of oil pipe separator 66 662 and single oil pipe storing unit 64 intersects or the least significant end of the guide peg 662 of oil pipe separator 66 will be higher than the most significant end of single oil pipe storing unit 64.Single oil pipe storing unit 64 is high from one end height away from well head center line 69, one end height away from well head center line 69 is low, thereby single oil pipe storing unit 64 has certain angle of inclination, oil pipe can roll under Action of Gravity Field on single oil pipe storing unit 64, the least significant end of single oil pipe storing unit 64 has gear oil pipe device, prevents that oil pipe from rolling out single oil pipe storing unit 64.Oil pipe lifting device crawl arm 67 drops to after least significant end, its least significant end should be lower than the least significant end of single oil pipe storing unit 64, and the distal-most end of its crawl arm 67 should be greater than the most proximal end of single oil pipe storing unit 64 from the distance of well head center line from the distance of well head center line.
Well pulling job process is: original state: automatic elevator 201 carrying down-hole oil tube weight, automatic elevator 201 is placed and is present on the elevator transporter 202 (being made as " elevator transporter 1 ") of well head 8, oil pipe hoisting system 5 is lifted to peak, awaits orders.Another elevator transporter 202 (being made as " elevator transporter 2 ") carry do not hang tubing string automatic elevator 201 in minimum point, await orders.First, the drive unit 220 of suspension ring set-out device 203 stretches out expansion link 221, guide head 222 struts suspension ring 218, operation hook 217 declines, when the fast contact automatic elevator of suspension ring 218 201 upper surface, righting arm 228 half-twists before and after the rotating driving device 225 of suspension ring erection device 204 makes, front and back righting suspension ring 218 limit the front and back position of suspension ring, suspension ring righting lifting gear 224 declines, hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230 drives expansion link 231 to shrink, thereby make left and right righting arm 229 limit position, suspension ring left and right, suspension ring 218 continue to decline, when the soffit of suspension ring 218 drops to the upper surface of automatic elevator 201 when following, the drive unit 220 of suspension ring set-out device 203 shrinks expansion link 221, when suspension ring 218 drop in the both sides earhole of automatic elevator 201, suspension ring 218 under Action of Gravity Field in vertical state, thereby suspension ring 218 are hung in the earhole of automatic elevator 201.Now, the hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230 of suspension ring erection device 204 drives expansion link 231 to stretch out, suspension ring righting lifting gear 224 rises, before and after rotating driving device 225 makes, righting arm 228 reverse rotation is 90 °, on the straight line of front and back righting arm 228 in same level, get out of the way space to the operation of operation hook 217 simultaneously.Operation hook 217 drives automatic elevator 201 up, and the elevator pin 23 of automatic elevator 201 declines under back-moving spring 24 and self gravitation effect, thereby pinning suspension ring 218 prevent suspension ring 218, from the earhole of automatic elevator 201, deviates from.When automatic elevator 201 leaves well head " elevator transporter 1 " surperficial, " elevator transporter 1 " whiz well head 8 under the effect of whirligig 215, elevator transhipment lifting gear 216 drives " elevator transporter 1 " to rise to peak and awaits orders.When next root tubing coupling is exposed after well head 8, the automatic elevator 201 that " elevator transporter 2 " transported elevator in groove 214 under the effect of whirligig 215 is transported to well head, hydraulic cylinder 211 motions of automatic elevator 201 make 25 releases of elevator valve, gear device 29 driven wheels 28 rotate, thereby elevator valve 25 is closed, hydraulic cylinder 211 counter motions, valve locking device 27 is locked elevator valve 25 under the effect of locking spring 26.Operation hook 217 declines, and makes on the automatic elevator 201 of tubing coupling seat in " elevator transporter 2 ".Now, automatically go up the hydraulic tongs 34 of shackle system 3 under the effect of hydraulic cylinder 35, along hydraulic tongs track 32, move to well head 8, hydraulic tongs 34 emptying pipe threads, unsnatch after tubing thread, and 34 pairs of good breach of hydraulic tongs are return under the effect of hydraulic cylinder 35.Meanwhile, the righting arm 47 of oil pipe righting push-pull system 4 moves to well head under the effect of righting arm driving hydraulic cylinder 415, main aligning 49 overturns 90 ° under the effect of aligning hydraulic cylinder 48, auxiliary aligning 411 also moves to well head at righting arm 47, thereby main aligning 49 and auxiliary aligning 411 are clamped oil pipe.On operation hook 217, carry oil pipe, righting arm drives hydraulic cylinder 415 motions, makes main aligning 49 promote oil pipe to oil pipe hoisting system 5.In promoting oil pipe motion process, because four connecting rod axis of rotation 410 of oil pipe righting push-pull system 4 have certain inclination angle with righting arm 47, auxiliary aligning 411 is when dropping to the lift height of oil pipe hoisting system 5, auxiliary aligning 411 has offseted the distance of oil pipe hoisting system 5 widths, and auxiliary aligning 411 can normally decline.Main aligning 49 is pushed into oil pipe lower end on the oil tube slide car 510 of oil pipe hoisting system 5, and main aligning 49 90 ° of reverse flip under the effect of aligning hydraulic cylinder 48 make main aligning 49 be in a straight line with righting arm 47.Operation hook 217 declines, oil tube slide car 510 pulls oil pipe along moving on V-type groove 59 under the effect of hydraulic motor 58, simultaneously, the conveying arm 52 of oil pipe hoisting system 5 by elevator bearing plate 513 be delivered to well head 8 directly over, oil tube slide car 510 moves to after correct position, after automatic elevator 201 declines, can just be placed on elevator bearing plate 513, hydraulic cylinder 211 motions of automatic elevator 201 make 25 releases of elevator valve, gear device 29 driven wheels 28 rotate, thereby elevator valve 25 is opened, hydraulic cylinder 211 counter motions, valve locking device 27 is locked elevator valve 25 under the effect of locking spring 26.Elevator bearing plate 513 travels forward, oil pipe rising arm 512 is risen the front end of oil pipe, thereby automatic elevator 201 departs from oil pipe, oil tube slide car 510 continues motion backward, oil pipe also slides backward along with continuing, and making oil pipe is that space is abdicated in the lifting of automatic elevator 201.On operation hook 217, carry automatic elevator 201, automatic elevator 201 departs from after elevator bearing plate 513, elevator bearing plate 513 retreats, make oil pipe rising arm 512 drop to initial position, conveying arm 52 drives V-type groove 59 to retreat to lowermost end under 51 effects of conveying liquid cylinder pressure, and lifting hydraulic cylinder 55 drives lift arm 516 to drop to least significant end.Turning 90 ° of V-type groove 59, oil pipe rolls out from oil tube slide car 510, through oil pipe conveying device guide peg 610, oil pipe is transferred on oil pipe roller track 63, end oil pipe at oil pipe roller track 63 is transferred on oil pipe bridge through guiding device 612, because oil pipe bridge also has certain angle of inclination, oil pipe, under Action of Gravity Field, is rolled into well head near-end on oil pipe bridge.Oil pipe is after oil tube slide car 510 rolls out, and 90 ° of V-type groove 59 reverse flip right, and lift arm 516 is lifted to most significant end, awaits orders.Meanwhile, " elevator transporter 1 " the effect backspin of whirligig 215 go to well head 8 directly over, operation hook 217 drives automatic elevator 201 to decline, when automatic elevator 201 contacts with the continuing surface of " elevator transporter 1 " soon, righting arm 228 half-twists before and after the rotating driving device 225 of suspension ring erection device 204 makes, front and back righting suspension ring 218 limit the front and back position of suspension ring, hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230 drives expansion link 231 to shrink, thereby make left and right righting arm 229 limit position, suspension ring left and right, suspension ring 218 continue to decline, in the time of in automatic elevator 201 is put in " elevator transporter 1 ", the hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230 of suspension ring erection device 204 drives expansion link 231 to stretch out, before and after rotating driving device 225 makes, righting arm 228 reverse rotation is 90 °, on the straight line of front and back righting arm 228 in same level, get out of the way space to the operation of operation hook 217.Operation hook 217 drives on empty suspension ring 218 to be carried, and " elevator transporter 1 " carries automatic elevator 201 whiz well heads under the effect of whirligig 215, and drops to least significant end under 216 effects of elevator transhipment lifting gear, awaits orders.Like this, now state has been got back to again the original state of oil pipe, and so circulation, can realize mechanization well pulling job.
Lower oil pipe operation process is: original state: automatic elevator 201 carrying down-hole oil tube weight, automatic elevator 201 is placed and is present on the elevator transporter 202 (being made as " elevator transporter 1 ") of well head 8, operation hook 217 hangs another automatic elevator 201 and awaits orders directly over well head, and another elevator transporter 202 (being made as " elevator transporter 2 ") drops to least significant end and awaits orders.First, oil pipe separator 66 is lifting certain altitude under the effect of oil pipe separator lift arm 661, thereby from one deck oil pipe, row isolates single oil pipe, and oil pipe, under the guide effect of oil pipe separator guide peg 662, is transferred to oil pipe on single oil pipe storing unit 64.90 ° of waits of V-type groove 59 upset receive crawled oil pipe, oil pipe crawl arm 56 drops to minimum point under the effect of oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft 57, oil pipe crawl arm 56 rises under the effect of oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft 57, capture the single oil pipe on single oil pipe storing unit 64, oil pipe crawl arm 56 rises to after peak, oil pipe is rolled in oil tube slide car 510, 90 ° of V-type groove 59 reverse flip right, lift arm 516 is lifted to most significant end, oil tube slide car 510 promotes oil pipe and advances under the effect of hydraulic motor 58, the distance that makes tubing coupling expose elevator bearing plate 513 is at least greater than the height of automatic elevator 201, conveying arm 52 advance make the front end of oil pipe be positioned at well head 8 directly over, the top of the automatic elevator 201 that now oil pipe hangs in operation hook 217, the below of operation hook 217, between two suspension ring 218.On operation hook 217, carry, oil pipe enters in the opening of automatic elevator 201, then, operation hook 217 declines, oil tube slide car 510 pulls oil pipe to retreat, after automatic elevator 201 is declined, seat, on elevator bearing plate 513, is closed the elevator valve 25 of automatic elevator 201 under the effect of gear device 29 just.On operation hook 217, carry oil pipe, oil tube slide car 510 travels forward according to the front line speed of oil pipe, simultaneously, the main aligning 49 of oil pipe righting push-pull system overturns 90 ° under the effect of aligning hydraulic cylinder 48, when oil pipe contacts with main aligning 49, then conveying arm 52 retreats to lowermost end,, lift arm 516 drops to least significant end, awaits orders.Meanwhile, orientation barrel 44 at orientation barrel, drive under the effect of hydraulic cylinder 413, move to well head 8 directly over, righting arm 47 drives at righting arm under the effect of hydraulic cylinder 415, and oil pipe is transferred to directly over well head, and operation hook 217 drives oil pipes to decline, oil pipe continues descending under the effect of orientation barrel 44, auxiliary aligning 411 also moves to well head with righting arm 47 simultaneously, and oil pipe is clamped, and realizes the accurate centering of oil pipe, oil pipe continues descending, thereby oil pipe lower end is entered in tubing coupling.Orientation barrel 44 drives at orientation barrel under the effect of hydraulic cylinder 413 away from well head, 90 ° of main aligning 49 reverse flip, righting arm 47 drives at righting arm under the effect of hydraulic cylinder 415 away from well head 8, thereby makes main aligning 49 and auxiliary aligning 411 return to original state.The hydraulic tongs 34 of automatically upper shackle system 3, under the effect of hydraulic cylinder 35, moves to well head 8 along hydraulic tongs track 32, tubing thread on hydraulic tongs 34, and after upper complete tubing thread, 34 pairs of good breach of hydraulic tongs are return under the effect of hydraulic cylinder 35.On operation hook 217, carry oil pipe one segment distance, hydraulic cylinder 211 motions of automatic elevator 201 make 25 releases of elevator valve, gear device 29 driven wheels 28 rotate, thereby elevator valve 25 is opened, hydraulic cylinder 211 counter motions, valve locking device 27 is locked elevator valve 25 under the effect of locking spring 26." elevator transporter 1 " drives the automatic elevator 201 whiz well heads 8 of well head under the effect of whirligig 215, then rises to peak and awaits orders.Operation hook 217 drives oil pipe to decline, and when tubing coupling G.I.H, " elevator transporter 2 " goes to well head 8 at the effect backspin of whirligig 215, for receiving the automatic elevator 201 of operation hook 217 suspentions.When automatic elevator 201 contacts with the continuing surface of " elevator transporter 2 " soon, righting arm 228 half-twists before and after the rotating driving device 225 of suspension ring erection device 204 makes, front and back righting suspension ring 218 limit the front and back position of suspension ring, suspension ring righting lifting gear 224 drives suspension ring erection device 204 to decline, hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230 drives expansion link 231 to shrink, thereby make left and right righting arm 229 limit position, suspension ring left and right, operation hook 217 continues to decline, in the time of in automatic elevator 201 is put in " elevator transporter 2 ", the hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230 of suspension ring erection device 204 drives expansion link 231 to stretch out, suspension ring righting lifting gear 224 drives suspension ring erection device 204 to rise, before and after rotating driving device 225 makes, righting arm 228 reverse rotation is 90 °, on the straight line of front and back righting arm 228 in same level, get out of the way space to the operation of operation hook 217.The drive unit 220 of suspension ring set-out device 203 stretches out expansion link 221, guide head 222 struts suspension ring 218, operation hook 217 drives suspension ring 218 to rise to the upper end of elevator transporter 202 peaks, " elevator transporter 1 " the effect backspin of whirligig 215 go to well head 8 directly over, operation hook 217 drives suspension ring 218 to decline, when the fast contact automatic elevator of suspension ring 218 201 upper surface, righting arm 228 half-twists before and after the rotating driving device 225 of suspension ring erection device 204 makes, front and back righting suspension ring 218 limit the front and back position of suspension ring, hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230 drives expansion link 231 to shrink, thereby make left and right righting arm 229 limit position, suspension ring left and right, suspension ring 218 continue to decline, when the soffit of suspension ring 218 drops to the upper surface of automatic elevator 201 when following, the drive unit 220 of suspension ring set-out device 203 shrinks expansion link 221, when suspension ring 218 drop in the both sides earhole of automatic elevator 201, suspension ring 218 under Action of Gravity Field in vertical state, thereby suspension ring 218 are hung in the earhole of automatic elevator 201.Now, the hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods 230 of suspension ring erection device 204 drives expansion link 231 to stretch out, before and after rotating driving device 225 makes, righting arm 228 reverse rotation is 90 °, on the straight line of front and back righting arm 228 in same level, get out of the way space to the operation of operation hook 217 simultaneously, suspension ring erection device 204 drops to least significant end, awaits orders.Operation hook 217 drives automatic elevator 201 up, the elevator pin 23 of automatic elevator 201 declines under back-moving spring 24 and self gravitation effect, thereby pinning suspension ring 218 prevent suspension ring 218 and deviate from from the earhole of automatic elevator 201, operation hook 217 drives the up segment distance of automatic elevator 201, awaits orders." elevator transporter 1 " whiz well head 8 under the effect of whirligig 215, and drop to minimum point under the effect of elevator transhipment lifting gear 216, await orders.Like this, now state is got back to again the original state of lower oil pipe, and so circulation, can realize oil pipe operation under mechanization.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, non-in order to limit the scope of the claims of the present utility model, other use the equivalence of patent spirit of the present utility model to change, and all should all belong to the scope of the claims of the present utility model.

Claims (12)

1. an oil well machinery equalization device, is characterized in that, comprises job platform system, automatic elevator system, automatically goes up shackle system, oil pipe righting push-pull system, oil pipe hoisting system, ground pipe system, control system; Described job platform system lower end is connected with wellhead casing pipe four-way by flange; Described automatic elevator system, automatically go up shackle system and be all fixed in job platform system; Described oil pipe righting push-pull system is connected on the pedestal of automatically upper shackle system by bearing pin; Described oil pipe hoisting system is arranged on a side of automatically upper shackle system, and has apart from interval with job platform system, meanwhile, has V-type groove on oil pipe hoisting system; Described ground pipe system is arranged on any side of oil pipe hoisting system; Described job platform system, automatic elevator system, automatically go up shackle system, oil pipe righting push-pull system, oil pipe hoisting system, ground pipe system and be connected with control system respectively.
2. a kind of oil well machinery equalization device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described job platform system comprises operation plane, job platform guardrail, job platform, blowout preventer set, supporting cylinder, platform base for supporting, lower transverse beam, support post; Described lower transverse beam is connected with wellhead casing pipe four-way by the flange of self; Described blowout preventer set is arranged on lower transverse beam; Described supporting cylinder lower end is threaded connection and is fixed on lower transverse beam, and described operation plane is connected with supporting cylinder upper end by bearing pin; Described operation planar peripheral is provided with job platform, and described job platform is welded by frame construction, has laid antiskid plate above, and job platform is connected with four support posts by bearing pin; Described job platform guardrail is arranged on job platform by guardrail cover, and guardrail cover is welded on job platform; Job platform bottom arranges support post, and support post bottom arranges platform base for supporting.
3. a kind of oil well machinery equalization device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described automatic elevator system comprises automatic elevator, elevator transporter, suspension ring set-out device, suspension ring erection device; Described elevator transporter, suspension ring erection device are fixed in job platform system simultaneously, described suspension ring set-out device adopts bolt to be arranged on operation hook, described elevator transporter is used for accepting and transporting automatic elevator, the suspension ring of suspension ring set-out device for seting out on automatic elevator, suspension ring erection device is for the suspension ring on righting automatic elevator.
4. a kind of oil well machinery equalization device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described automatic elevator comprises automatic elevator gland, automatic elevator housing, elevator pin, back-moving spring, elevator valve, locking spring, valve locking device, gear, gear device, valve tripper, hydraulic cylinder; Described elevator pin is U-shaped structure, and long one end, one end is short, and long one end is hollow section, and for placing back-moving spring, elevator pin is arranged in the U-rail of elevator housing; Described automatic elevator gland is arranged on the upper surface of elevator housing, and described back-moving spring upper end withstands on the inner surface of automatic elevator gland; Described elevator valve outer rim has rack structure, is arranged in the elevator valve groove of elevator housing; Described gear is arranged on elevator housing by bearing pin, gear and the engagement of elevator valve, and described gear device driven wheel rotates, thereby realizes the switch of valve; Described gear also connects valve locking device, the other end of valve locking device connects locking spring, described locking spring is arranged in the spring eye of elevator housing, locking spring makes valve locking device locking gear, thereby realize the locking of elevator valve, valve locking device is also connected with valve tripper, and valve locking device is normal latch mechanism; Described valve tripper is arranged on elevator housing by hydraulic cylinder.
5. a kind of oil well machinery equalization device according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described elevator transporter mainly comprises support column, connecting axle, elevator transhipment groove, whirligig, lifting gear; Described whirligig is connected on transferring platform by bearing or axle sleeve, and described lifting gear is threaded connection on whirligig, and described support column is connected with lifting gear by screw thread; Connecting axle is connected with support column by welding; Described elevator transhipment slot welding is connected on connecting axle, and elevator transhipment groove is a slabbed construction, has elevator spigot surface, is mainly used in accepting automatic elevator; This elevator transporter includes two covers, is all arranged on job platform, and symmetrical about operation wellhead.
6. a kind of oil well machinery equalization device according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described suspension ring set-out device is arranged on the lower end of operation hook by bolt; The inside of suspension ring set-out device is provided with drive unit, and drive unit connection expansion link also stretches out expansion link or retracts, thereby struts or regain suspension ring, and the end of expansion link is provided with guide head.
7. a kind of oil well machinery equalization device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described suspension ring erection device mainly comprises base for supporting, lifting gear, rotating driving device, driving gear, driven gear, front and back righting arm, left and right righting arm, hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods, expansion link; Described base for supporting is fixed by welding in job platform system; Described lifting gear is welded on to be supported on base; Described rotating driving device is bolted on lifting gear; Described driving gear is connected with rotating driving device, thereby rotary power is passed on driving gear; The driven gear of driving gear both sides and driving gear engagement; Described front and back righting arm is connected with the driven gear of both sides respectively; Described hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods be arranged on wherein one before and after on righting arm; Described hydraulic cylinder with double piston rods both sides connection expansion link.
8. a kind of oil well machinery equalization device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described automatically upper shackle system comprises supporting base, hydraulic tongs track, hydraulic tongs base, hydraulic tongs, hydraulic cylinder; Described supporting base is frame construction, is welded in job platform system; Described hydraulic tongs track welding is being supported on pedestal; Hydraulic tongs base is provided with roller; Hydraulic tongs is bolted on hydraulic tongs base, the motion of Hydraulic Cylinder hydraulic tongs base.
9. a kind of oil well machinery equalization device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described oil pipe righting push-pull system mainly comprises orbit, orientation barrel, righting arm, main aligning, auxiliary aligning, supporting base; Described supporting base is welded in job platform system; Orbit is welded on supporting base; Described orientation barrel is cylinder type, inner core and urceolus, consists of, and upper end has spigot surface, has the breach of oil pipe turnover in the cylinder sides of orientation barrel, and orientation barrel drives hydraulic cylinder to move on orbit by the orientation barrel connecting; On supporting base, be fixed with 2 fixed pin shafts, one is righting arm axis of rotation, and another is the fixed pin shaft of righting arm driving hydraulic cylinder; Righting arm drives hydraulic cylinder by righting arm, to drive the fixed pin shaft of hydraulic cylinder to be connected with righting arm, and when righting arm drives hydraulic cylinder to do rectilinear motion, righting arm rotates around righting arm axis of rotation, thereby oil pipe can be transported to well head; Described main aligning is connected on righting arm by bearing pin, and main aligning connects aligning hydraulic cylinder; Described righting arm middle part is the auxiliary righting mechanism of hinged four connecting rods that are synchronized with the movement also, and the auxiliary righting mechanism of four connecting rods has two fixedly points of rotation, and one is that four connecting rod ball seats are welded on supporting base, and another is that four connecting rod axis of rotation are fixed on righting arm.
10. a kind of oil well machinery equalization device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described oil pipe hoisting system mainly comprises conveying arm, lifting leading truck, lifting track, oil pipe crawl arm, oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft, V-type groove, oil tube slide car, V-type groove supporting seat, oil pipe rising arm, elevator bearing plate, oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft supporting seat, pedestal, lift arm; Described lift arm is fixed on pedestal by bearing pin, and the lifting leading truck of the front end of described lift arm is along lifting orbital motion, and lifting leading truck and lifting hydraulic cylinder support as the front end of lift arm simultaneously, and lift arm indoor design has the orbit of conveying arm; Conveying arm coordinates with lift arm, be arranged in the lifting track of lift arm, described conveying arm is connected with pedestal by conveying liquid cylinder pressure, and conveying liquid cylinder pressure connects driving conveying arm and advances or retreat along orbit, and conveying arm indoor design has the orbit of elevator bearing plate; Described elevator bearing plate is arranged in the track of conveying arm design, and by hydraulic cylinder bearing pin, it is fixedly connected with conveying arm; Described oil pipe rising arm is fixed on conveying arm by bearing pin, and the orbit design of described conveying arm is on the support arm of elevator bearing plate; Described V-type groove supporting seat is welded on conveying arm, and V-type groove is connected with V-type groove supporting seat by bearing pin; On V-type groove, oil tube slide car is installed, oil tube slide car seesaws on V-type groove by the hydraulic motor being attached thereto, and hydraulic motor is by chain drive oil tube slide car; Described oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft supporting seat is welded on pedestal side, and oil pipe crawl arm is welded on oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft, and oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft is connected on oil pipe crawl arm driving shaft supporting seat by bearing or axle sleeve.
11. a kind of oil well machinery equalization devices according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described ground pipe system mainly comprises end fixed support, oil pipe roller track, block, oil pipe lifting device guide peg, cantilever support device, oil pipe stool, oil pipe cross-arm, described oil pipe cross-arm is used for arranging placement oil pipe, cross-arm at least arranges one deck, and be seated on the oil pipe stool of below, oil pipe stool is lined up the row identical with individual layer oil pipe cross-arm quantity, a plurality of oil pipe stools of every row's spaced set, the height energy up-down adjustment of oil pipe stool, each row's oil pipe stool is high according to well head far-end height, the principle that well head near-end height is low is put, meanwhile, the most significant end of each row oil pipe stool, in same level, makes oil pipe cross-arm form inclination angle, on oil pipe cross-arm, be provided with block, prevent that oil pipe from rolling out cross-arm, described end fixed support is connected with the oil pipe roller track of top by bearing pin, below oil pipe roller track, be also connected with a plurality of cantilever support devices, be positioned at well head midline position oil pipe lifting device is set, on oil pipe lifting device, be provided with oil pipe lifting device guide peg, described end fixed support is shorter apart from the distance of well head center line than the end of oil pipe lifting device guide peg, the height of end fixed support is lower than the level height of the most significant end of oil pipe lifting device guide peg, the maximum height of described cantilever support device will be lower than the level height of end fixed support, from well head near-end to well head far-end, the height of cantilever support device reduces successively, the support arm upper support of described cantilever support device is provided with oil pipe roller track limited block, prevent the landing from support arm of oil pipe roller track, the height of oil pipe roller track limited block should be less than the height that supports oil pipe roller track, described cantilever support device can regulate height by oil pipe support arm elevating lever, in the both sides of oil pipe stool, oil pipe, oil pipe oil pipe bridge that cross-arm forms, the spacing of the bottom fixed support of two relative cantilever support devices is greater than the length of long oil pipe.
12. a kind of oil well machinery equalization devices according to claim 11, it is characterized in that, described ground pipe system also comprises guiding device, guiding device is arranged on the well head far-end of the oil pipe bridge of oil pipe cross-arm formation, guiding device can stretch up and down by the upper support of guiding device, and described upper support upper end is hinged with guide peg, and guide peg is provided with a plurality of pin-and-holes, upper support lower end is positioned on fixed support, between described guide peg and fixed support, is hinged with bearing diagonal; After guiding device is installed, between the end of guide peg and oil pipe roller track, the locus that has an oil pipe at least, the height of guiding device at least will be higher than the height of the top one oil exit pipe cross-arm, the distance of guide peg end-to-end distance well head center line should be less than oil pipe cross-arm apart from the distance of well head center line, and guide peg and the projection of oil pipe cross-arm in perpendicular are intersected.
CN201420018434.XU 2014-01-13 2014-01-13 Mechanized working device for oil field well repair CN203822194U (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105156044A (en) * 2015-10-14 2015-12-16 大庆市超力机械制造有限公司 Oil pipe pulling unscrewing device
CN105822241A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-08-03 孟庆拥 Automatic auxiliary device for well repair
CN105927172A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-09-07 哈尔滨工业大学 Automatic operation system for oil well repairing
CN106194068A (en) * 2016-09-22 2016-12-07 东营市仨兴智能机械有限公司 A kind of movable drillstring discharge machine of oil field drilling well workover
CN107120075A (en) * 2015-05-22 2017-09-01 李奕萱 A kind of application method of oil well repairing operation equipment
CN109138868A (en) * 2017-06-28 2019-01-04 江苏如通石油机械股份有限公司 Light maintenance well head automatic operation device
CN109611038A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-04-12 西安石油大学 A kind of marine drilling platform automatic tube-arranging device
CN111927347A (en) * 2020-09-22 2020-11-13 胜利油田康贝石油工程装备有限公司 Wellhead positioning integrated guide type vertical operation well repairing catwalk and using method thereof

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107120075A (en) * 2015-05-22 2017-09-01 李奕萱 A kind of application method of oil well repairing operation equipment
CN105156044A (en) * 2015-10-14 2015-12-16 大庆市超力机械制造有限公司 Oil pipe pulling unscrewing device
CN105822241A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-08-03 孟庆拥 Automatic auxiliary device for well repair
CN105927172A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-09-07 哈尔滨工业大学 Automatic operation system for oil well repairing
CN105927172B (en) * 2016-06-07 2018-01-30 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of workover automatization operation system
CN106194068A (en) * 2016-09-22 2016-12-07 东营市仨兴智能机械有限公司 A kind of movable drillstring discharge machine of oil field drilling well workover
CN106194068B (en) * 2016-09-22 2018-04-24 张成功 A kind of movable drillstring discharge machine of oil field drilling and repairing well
CN109138868A (en) * 2017-06-28 2019-01-04 江苏如通石油机械股份有限公司 Light maintenance well head automatic operation device
CN109611038A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-04-12 西安石油大学 A kind of marine drilling platform automatic tube-arranging device
CN111927347A (en) * 2020-09-22 2020-11-13 胜利油田康贝石油工程装备有限公司 Wellhead positioning integrated guide type vertical operation well repairing catwalk and using method thereof

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