CN209430130U - A kind of unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head - Google Patents

A kind of unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209430130U
CN209430130U CN201822102870.6U CN201822102870U CN209430130U CN 209430130 U CN209430130 U CN 209430130U CN 201822102870 U CN201822102870 U CN 201822102870U CN 209430130 U CN209430130 U CN 209430130U
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China
Prior art keywords
module
well head
job platform
tubing string
wellhead
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CN201822102870.6U
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Inventor
崔海亮
冷光明
刘泳江
王晓霞
安学彬
甄红帅
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Ding Shi Intelligent Equipment (qingdao) Co Ltd
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Ding Shi Intelligent Equipment (qingdao) Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of unmanned light maintenance operating systems of well head, including wellhead module, travelling module, place module and control module;The wellhead module is installed on right above well head to be repaired, support, upper button, shackle for wellhead column;The travelling module is mounted below combination hook-block, the lifting for tubing string;The place module is located at the periphery of wellhead module, for the conveying of tubing string and the processing of waste liquid;The control module includes integrated control system and monitoring system;The wellhead module includes the preventer of job platform and job platform flanged joint, the air spider being set on job platform, the centralising manipulator for being set to the automatic liquid pressing tongs of air spider upper side on job platform and being set on job platform;It is equipped with below the job platform and stores umbrella with the waste liquid of place module piping connection.The utility model has the beneficial effects that realizing that well head is unmanned and automation, integration degree is high, compact-sized, and light-weight to take up little area seating velocity fast.

Description

A kind of unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head
Technical field
The utility model belongs to oil field drilling and workover machines tool technical field more particularly to a kind of well head unmanned light maintenance operation system System.
Background technique
Oil well repairing operation is the important component of oilfield process, and main purpose is to guarantee the normal production capacity of oil well. Workover treatment is divided into heavy repair task and light maintenance operation according to complexity and operating equipment again.Light maintenance operation working contents are Daily maintenance operation, including inspection pump, unfreezing, sand-flushing, simple salvaging etc., these operations all must be by frequently removing oil Pipe realizes, 4 or more workers will set out repeatedly hanging ring under the hook of working rig, lift to move elevator, lift to move oil pipe, upper oil discharge pipe Screw thread.Therefore, the work of light maintenance operation lower oil tube is most heavy, the maximum process of risk, great work intensity, environment evil It is bad, safety accident frequent occurrence.
According to statistics, the safety accident occurred in light maintenance operation accounts for 60% or more of oilfield safety accident;And because of long-term lift to move Elevator and oil pipe, many operating workers are suffering from the diseases such as different degrees of lumbar muscle strain or protrusion of lumber intervertebral disc, seriously affect The quality of life of worker.Because of the above reason, the problem of line operating worker recruitment is difficult, " recruitment is waste " is also current all petroleum The problem that enterprise faces.
In recent years with the raising that Environmental protection, personnel safety guard require, economical and practical complete of market in urgent need Automatic light maintenance operating equipment prefers to realize unattended near well head.But since Large Oil takes company and petroleum equipment company More superior resources are applied on marine drilling platform and the technical research of exploration, drilling well and overhaul facilities, light maintenance is caused The automation research and development of operating equipment are constantly in dead state.Up to the present, the whole nation so that in the world there are no go out The practical full-automatic light maintenance operating equipment being widely recognized as by market of ready-made ripe reliable and economic.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head, it is therefore an objective to Realize that well head is unmanned and automates, integration degree is high, and compact-sized, the light-weight seating velocity that takes up little area is fast, is especially suitable for The short frequent light maintenance operation of resettlement duty cycle.
The technical solution of the utility model are as follows:
A kind of unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head, including wellhead module, travelling module, place module and control module;Institute It states wellhead module to be installed on right above well head to be repaired, support, upper button, shackle for wellhead column;The travelling module installation Lifting below combination hook-block, for tubing string;The place module is located at the periphery of wellhead module, conveying and waste liquid for tubing string Processing;The control module includes integrated control system and monitoring system;The wellhead module includes job platform and operation The preventer of platform flange connection, is set on job platform on air spider side the air spider being set on job platform The automatic liquid pressing tongs of side and the centralising manipulator being set on job platform;It is equipped with waste liquid below the job platform and stores umbrella, The waste liquid storage umbrella is connect by pipeline with place module.
Compared to the prior art, this programme devises the unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head, increases blowout prevention in wellhead module Device is simultaneously able to achieve carrying preventer whole Transporting, the efficiency for improving installation and transporting;Wellhead module, which has, collects well head waste liquid Function, and connect with place module, form complete live Mead-Bauer recovery system.
Based on above scheme, the utility model is also made that following improvement:
Further, the hanging ring that the travelling module includes the hanging ring connecting with combination hook-block, connect respectively with hanging ring and combination hook-block Arrangement for deflecting passes through the turnable automatic elevator of hanging ring and combination hook-block suspension connection.In the technical program, automatic elevator has automatically Folding and self-turnover, hanging ring deflection device can make hanging ring generate swing, turnable automatic elevator can be pushed away well Mouth position, realizes the automatic evacuation to string collar;Elevator does not generate any contact with centralising manipulator.
Further, the place module includes tubing string conveyer, arranges for tubing string positioned at tubing string conveyer side Tube bridging and the environment-friendly processing unit for passing through piping connection with job platform.This technology is completed in improving by tubing string conveyer The orderly discharge of place tubing string is realized in the conveying slave well head to ground of tubing string by pipe bridge frame;Environment-friendly disposal system is for real The collection and preliminary treatment of existing well head waste liquid.
Further, the monitoring system is mounted on job platform, and the integrated control system is mounted on light maintenance operation The side of machine operative position.During this technology is improved, control module is mounted on by driller's operation position of car for repairing well, can pass through peace Live real-time imaging is thrown to realization on the display screen of integrated control system and is visually turned by the camera on job platform Industry.
Further, the wellhead module plan shape is square.During this technology is improved, wellhead module can be any 90 ° of rotations, can be there are many Ground arrangement mode, and not dismount any equipment in the process can be realized.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that integration degree is high, compact-sized, the light-weight seating velocity that takes up little area is fast, especially It is suitble to the short frequent light maintenance operation of resettlement duty cycle;Limited working space can be adapted to there are many Ground arrangement mode Property is extremely strong;Spacious well head space is still remained on the basis of realizing unmanned well head and automation, does not influence special work Artificial shaft mouth operation under condition.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure diagram;
Fig. 2 is the utility model control module and wellhead module structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the utility model travelling modular structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the section structure of the utility model wellhead module;
Fig. 5,6 are the utility model difference place state arrangement schematic diagrames.
In figure, 10, wellhead module;20, free module;30, place module;40, control module;50, light maintenance working rig; 60, combination hook-block;70, well head;11, job platform;12, preventer;13, air spider;14, automatic liquid pressing tongs;15, centralising mechanical Hand;16, waste liquid stores umbrella;17, job platform flange;21, hanging ring;22, automatic elevator may be reversed;23, hanging ring arrangement for deflecting; 31, tubing string conveyer;32, pipe bridge frame;33, environment-friendly processing unit;41, integrated control system;42, monitoring system.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1-3, a kind of unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head, including wellhead module, travelling module, place module and Control module;The wellhead module is installed on right above well head to be repaired (70), support, upper button, shackle for wellhead column;Institute It states travelling module to be mounted below combination hook-block, the lifting for tubing string;The place module is located at the periphery of wellhead module, for managing The conveying of column and the processing of waste liquid;The control module includes integrated control system and monitoring system.
The wellhead module (10) include job platform (11), with the preventer (12) of job platform (11) flanged joint, The air spider (13) that is set on job platform, the automatic liquid pressing tongs for being set to air spider upper side on job platform (14) and the centralising manipulator (15) that is set on job platform;It is equipped with waste liquid below the job platform (11) and stores umbrella (16), waste liquid storage umbrella (16) is located between job platform (11) and job platform flange (17), passes through pipeline and place module Connection.Job platform (11) is connect by the bottom flange dish of job platform flange with preventer (12) top flange, and is passed through Four outrigger support ground are to enhance stability.The job platform (11) has well head sewage collecting function, passes through sewage pipe Sewage transport to environment-friendly disposal system (33) is carried out storage and preliminary treatment by line.Job platform (11) is provided simultaneously with folding The staircase for expanding platform and position flexibility and changeability, allows to be installed on well head (70) with multi-direction, enhances the place of equipment Adaptability.Air spider (13) is using compressed air as power, by the occlusion to tubing string outer wall come tubing string in clamping well.Automatic liquid Pressing tongs (14), which can be realized, moves forward to well head automatically, is engaged two root canal columns above well head and the opposite rotation of progress with hydraulic for power Turn, to complete upper button and shackle function.Centralising manipulator (15) is in well pulling job, for that will play out well head shackle and divide From tubing string end be pushed on the slideway of tubing string conveyer (31), be delivered to it on place.Centralising manipulator (15) is in lower oil When pipe operation, the tubing string end to come is conveyed by tubing string conveyer (31) for accepting and catching, keeps tubing string end controlled and quasi- The really tubing string of alignment well head, is convenient for next make-up, upper button operation.
Travelling module (20) includes the hanging ring (21) connecting with combination hook-block, connect respectively with hanging ring (21) and combination hook-block (60) Hanging ring arrangement for deflecting (23), pass through hanging ring and combination hook-block suspension connection turnable automatic elevator (22).Automatic elevator may be reversed (22) has power folding function, the box cupling shaft shoulder for clamping tubing string upper end.Automatic elevator (22) may be reversed simultaneously also to be had Power turn over function can allow to be turned to suitable angle to fasten the tubing string being in vertically or under heeling condition. Automatic elevator (22) may be reversed with the vertical motion realized along well head center that moves up and down of combination hook-block (60), for lifting well head pipe Column.The power that hanging ring (21) may be implemented in hanging ring deflection device (23) is swung, so that reaching makes may be reversed automatic elevator (22) pendulum The effect at well head center out.The purpose is to so that turnable automatic elevator (22) is avoided oil pipe automatically in clamping well mouth oil pipe Box cupling avoids interference with, and realizes the automatic clamping of no manual intervention.
The place module (30) includes tubing string conveyer (31), is located at tubing string conveyer (31) side for tubing string arrangement Tube bridging (32) and the environment-friendly processing unit (33) that passes through piping connection with job platform.Tubing string conveyer (31) is one Top has the lifting device of slideway, and the direction of slideway will be directed at well head and consistent with the direction of action of centralising manipulator (15) It places.It in lift pipe string operation, is slided from the slideway on its top by the tubing string of shackle, until tubing string lies in its slideway completely On;In the pipe bridge frame (32) that tubing string is delivered on ground by its subsequent lifting device;Pipe bridge frame that vice versa (32) is by multiple The portal structure positioned at ground certain altitude that bracket and oil pipe are combined into, for making tubing string conveyer (31) be delivered to ground Tubing string ordered arrangement.Environment-friendly disposal system (33) can be placed on any position in place, the row with job platform (11) Dirty mouth connection, the sewage of storage well head discharge simultaneously carry out preliminary sedimentation to it.Sewage and clear water after sedimentation can be separately recovered Processing works instead of the hard work of live hand digging cesspool.
Integrated control system (41) is mounted on beside driller's job position, is had touch screen operation, be can be realized each equipment Manual activity and whole system teamwork.Monitoring system includes the camera being mounted on job platform (11), will be showed Field real-time imaging, which is thrown on the display screen of integrated control system (41), realizes visualization operation.Driller can be made to realize visualization Without dead angle operation, or even realize remote job.
Wellhead module (10) plan shape is square;Therefore can any 90 ° of rotations, can be there are many Ground arrangement Mode, not dismount any equipment in the process can be realized.
As shown in Figure 4,5, the utility model has a variety of Ground arrangement modes for the limited site condition in scene.Root According to the mutual alignment relation of tubing string conveyer (31) and light maintenance working rig (50), 2 kinds of Ground arrangement modes, respectively Fig. 4 are shared Shown in tubing string conveyer (31) forward arranged with light maintenance working rig (50).Tubing string conveyer shown in Fig. 5 (31) and light maintenance operation Machine (50) is arranged vertically its side.
It plays Guan Zuoye: fastening wellhead column clamping as shown in Figure 1, automatic elevator (22) may be reversed;Open air spider (13);Mention combination hook-block (51) above to drive and automatic elevator (22) and tubing string may be reversed together by operating light maintenance working rig (50) Above mention.When box cupling below tubing string is in the height that automatic liquid pressing tongs (14) is adapted to, is mentioned in stopping and close air spider (13), it is held in the tubing string of lower part on job platform (11).Automatic liquid pressing tongs (14) advances automatically, encases tubing string completion and unloads Button, automatic liquid pressing tongs (14) automatic homing.Well head is gone to grab pipe before centralising manipulator (15), subsequent upper lifting pipe post makes itself and lower square tube The connection screw thread of column is kept completely separate.Tubing string conveyer (31) raising, moves to its top slide by well head.Centralising manipulator (15) tubing string bottom is transferred on the slideway of tubing string conveyer (31).Tubing string is transferred, as shown in figure 3, tubing string is conveyed along tubing string Machine (31) slideway glides, until tubing string is lain on slideway completely.Automatic elevator (22) may be reversed at this time to carry out with tubing string The overturning of certain angle, automatic elevator (22), which may be reversed, and open is detached from it with tubing string;Tubing string conveyer (31) decline, by tubing string It is delivered on pipe bridge frame (32);Roustabout arranges tubing string.Automatic elevator (22) may be reversed and right into original state, and pass through Hanging ring deflection device (23) completes certain offset;It transfers and automatic elevator (22) may be reversed, the upper end for avoiding tubing string reaches tubing string The lower end of the box cupling shaft shoulder.Hanging ring deflection device (23) resets, and automatic elevator (22) may be reversed and cover on wellhead column and realize dynamic Power fastens.So far have been completed a root canal column plays Guan Zuoye, and above step is repeated if continuous processing many endowels.
Lowering-in operation can be realized with pipe job step contrary is played.
The above descriptions are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not to make other forms to the utility model Limitation, any person skilled in the art is changed or is modified as possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above equivalent The equivalence enforcement of variation, but it is all without departing from the content of the technical scheme of the utility model, according to the technical essence of the utility model Any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling to the above embodiments, still fall within the protection of technical solutions of the utility model Range.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head, including wellhead module, travelling module, place module and control module;It is described Wellhead module is installed on right above well head to be repaired, support, upper button, shackle for wellhead column;The travelling module is mounted on Below combination hook-block, the lifting for tubing string;The place module is located at the periphery of wellhead module, conveying and waste liquid for tubing string Processing;The control module includes integrated control system and monitoring system;It is characterized by: the wellhead module includes operation horizontal Platform, with the preventer of job platform flanged joint, the air spider being set on job platform, be set on job platform it is pneumatic The automatic liquid pressing tongs of chuck upper side and the centralising manipulator being set on job platform;It is equipped with below the job platform useless Liquid stores umbrella, and the waste liquid storage umbrella is connect by pipeline with place module.
2. the unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the travelling module includes and trip The hanging ring of hook connects, the hanging ring arrangement for deflecting connecting respectively with hanging ring and combination hook-block are turned over by hanging ring with what combination hook-block suspension connected Turn automatic elevator.
3. the unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the place module includes tubing string Conveyer, the tube bridging that tubing string arrangement is used for positioned at tubing string conveyer side and the environmental protection for passing through piping connection with job platform Processing unit.
4. the unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the monitoring system is mounted on work On industry platform, the integrated control system is mounted on the side of light maintenance working rig operative position;The monitoring system includes being mounted on Camera on job platform.
5. the unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the wellhead module plan shape It is square.
6. the unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: tubing string conveyer is a top Lifting device with slideway, the direction alignment well head of slideway simultaneously consistent with the direction of action of centralising manipulator are placed;Pipe bridge Frame is the portal structure positioned at ground certain altitude being combined by multiple brackets and oil pipe.
CN201822102870.6U 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 A kind of unmanned light maintenance operating system of well head Active CN209430130U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111911097A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-11-10 中国海洋大学 Automatic operation system and operation method for oilfield major workover operation
CN113250630A (en) * 2021-07-14 2021-08-13 中国石油大学胜利学院 Master-slave type visual remote control minor repair mechanized well repair operation control system and method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111911097A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-11-10 中国海洋大学 Automatic operation system and operation method for oilfield major workover operation
CN113250630A (en) * 2021-07-14 2021-08-13 中国石油大学胜利学院 Master-slave type visual remote control minor repair mechanized well repair operation control system and method
CN113250630B (en) * 2021-07-14 2021-11-12 中国石油大学胜利学院 Master-slave type visual remote control minor repair mechanized well repair operation control system and method

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