CN203817588U - Metal 3D printer based on electric-arc welding - Google Patents

Metal 3D printer based on electric-arc welding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203817588U
CN203817588U CN201420250363.6U CN201420250363U CN203817588U CN 203817588 U CN203817588 U CN 203817588U CN 201420250363 U CN201420250363 U CN 201420250363U CN 203817588 U CN203817588 U CN 203817588U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
printer
metal
welder
screw mandrel
arc welding
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420250363.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯坚
Original Assignee
东莞市亚美精密机械配件有限公司
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Priority to CN201420250363.6U priority Critical patent/CN203817588U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203817588U publication Critical patent/CN203817588U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a metal 3D printer based on electric-arc welding. The metal 3D printer comprises a base and a support arranged on the base. The base is provided with a workbench which moves in the X-axis direction and the Y-axis direction. A welding device is arranged on the support. The welding device and the workbench work away from each other. According to the metal 3D printer based on electric-arc welding, a first guide base and a second guide base are arranged on the base, a first screw rod arranged on the first guide base and a second screw rod arranged on the second guide base are cooperated to achieve the motion of a work panel in the Y-axis direction or the X-axis direction, the distance between a welding device and the work panel is adjusted through a third screw rod arranged in the Z-axis direction, welding wires on a welding head can be welded layer by layer according to set of 3D programming, then a complete 3D product in a solid object product shape is formed, raw material losses caused in the mold opening process are avoided, product molding efficiency is improved, and meanwhile the product manufacturing cost is reduced.

Description

Metal 3D printer based on arc welding
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of rapid shaping processing technique field, especially relates to a kind of metal 3D printer based on arc welding.
Background technology
Known three-dimensional melting rapid shaping technique is to utilize 3-dimensional digital printer that the apply material of printing is carried out to heating and melting by heater in printing head, then by certain drive unit, by forming liquid melted material, penetrate, thereby realize the fast deposition of material and moulding.
Due to the material require being printed possesses can be by instantaneous heating and melting, instantaneous deposition, and be combined into whole technological requirement with matrix, the core of three-dimensional melting rapid shaping technique is raw-material research and development, raw material for three-dimensional melting rapid shaping are comparatively special, must be able to liquefy, silkization, powdered, after printing, can again combine again, material technology requires high.At present common used material belongs to plastics, rubber, non-ferrous metal class more, mainly in prospective research and development link, carries out instance model trial-production, is really applied to that the high-melting-point heavy metal manufactured is current also cannot be realized.
Current three-dimensional melting rapid shaping technique is widely used in forming plastic cement model, and it is less to be applied to the device of forming metal model, and the device that this forming metal model is used is all to adopt LASER HEATING, and its structure is very complicated, cost is higher.
Utility model content
Based on this, be necessary for the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of simple in structure, cost is low, and the metal 3D printer based on arc welding workable, that guarantee Forming Quality.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of metal 3D printer based on arc welding, it comprises pedestal and is arranged on the support on described pedestal, on described pedestal, be provided with the workbench moving along X-direction and Y direction, on described support, be provided with welder; Described welder and workbench are each other away from running.
In an embodiment, described welder is arranged on described support movably along Z-direction therein.
In an embodiment, described workbench is provided with the first guide bracket therein, in described the first guide bracket, is provided with the first screw mandrel, and described the first screw mandrel is connected with the first drive unit; Described the first guide bracket top is provided with the second guide bracket, in described the second guide bracket, is provided with the second screw mandrel, and described the second screw mandrel is connected with the second drive unit, and described the second guide bracket top is provided with working panel.
In an embodiment, described the first drive unit and the second drive unit are motor configuration therein.
In an embodiment, described working panel is steel plate structure therein.
In an embodiment, described the second guide bracket below is provided with slide block therein, and described slide block is held on described the first screw mandrel.
In an embodiment, be provided with the 3rd screw mandrel and wire feeder on described support therein, described welder is arranged on described working panel top; Described welder is held on the 3rd screw mandrel, and described welder operates back and forth along Z-direction under the running of the 3rd screw mandrel, and described welder is provided with plumb joint.
In an embodiment, the inner coupling of described welder plumb joint place is provided with protective gas shower nozzle therein, and on described support, a side is provided with protective gas tank, and described protective gas tank is communicated with the shower nozzle in welder by pipeline.
In an embodiment, described welder is contravariant arc welding machine, on described wire feeder, is mounted with welding wire therein, and described welding wire extends in plumb joint.
In an embodiment, described pedestal surrounding edge extends upward and is provided with outer cover therein, and described outer cover covers workbench.
In sum, the metal 3D printer of the utility model based on arc welding by arranging the first guide bracket and the second guide bracket on pedestal, coordinate the first screw mandrel of wherein setting and the running of the second screw mandrel to complete the action along Y-axis or X-direction to working panel, and the 3rd screw mandrel arranging by Z-direction, regulate the distance between welder and working panel, welding wire on plumb joint can successively be welded according to the setting of 3D programming, an and then complete 3D solid body shape product of formation, saved the material loss causing in die sinking process and increased formed product efficiency, also reduced production cost simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the metal 3D printer of the utility model based on arc welding;
Fig. 2 is that the metal 3D printer of the utility model based on arc welding hidden the structural representation after outer cover;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the utility model workbench.
The specific embodiment
For further understanding feature of the present utility model, technological means and the specific purposes that reach, function, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the metal 3D printer of the utility model based on arc welding comprises pedestal 10 and is arranged on the support 20 on described pedestal 10, on described pedestal 10, be provided with the workbench 30 that can move along X-direction and Y direction, described support 20 is vertically set on described pedestal 10 1 sides, is provided with the welder 40 that can move along Z-direction on described support 20; Described pedestal 10 surrounding edge extend upward and are provided with outer cover 50, and described outer cover 50 covers workbench 30, prevent that workbench 30 from causing the quality influence of product in specific works process because of external environment condition variation.
Particularly, described workbench 30 is provided with the first guide bracket 31, in described the first guide bracket 31, is provided with the first screw mandrel 311, and described the first screw mandrel 311 is connected with the first drive unit 312, described the first drive unit 312 is motor configuration, and described the first drive unit 312 drives the first screw mandrel 311 to rotate; Described the first guide bracket 31 tops are provided with the second guide bracket 32, described the second guide bracket 32 belows are provided with slide block 321, described slide block 321 is held on described the first screw mandrel 311, in described the second guide bracket 32, be provided with the second screw mandrel 322, described the second screw mandrel 322 is connected with the second drive unit 323, described the second drive unit 323 is motor configuration, described the second drive unit 323 drives the second screw mandrel 322 to rotate, described the second screw mandrel 322 rotates band movable slider 321 and back and forth operates, and enters and makes the second guide bracket 32 along moving perpendicular to the first guide bracket 31 directions; Described the second guide bracket 32 tops are provided with working panel 33, described working panel 33 is steel plate structure, described working panel 33 is held on the second screw mandrel 322 and can back and forth operates back and forth along the second screw mandrel 322 directions, by the first screw mandrel 311 and coordinating of the second screw mandrel 322 having operated the adjusting to the X-axis of working panel 33 and Y direction.
In an embodiment, be provided with the 3rd screw mandrel 21 and wire feeder 22 on described support 20 therein, described welder 40 is arranged on described working panel 33 tops; Described welder 40 is held on the 3rd screw mandrel 21, and described welder 40 can operate back and forth along Z-direction under the running of the 3rd screw mandrel 21, on described wire feeder 22, is mounted with welding wire 221; Described welder 40 is contravariant arc welding machine, described welder 40 is provided with plumb joint 41, described welding wire 221 extends in plumb joint 41, the inner coupling of described welder 40 plumb joint 41 places are provided with protective gas shower nozzle, described shower nozzle is when welding wire 221 docks with working panel 33, ejection protective gas protects welding position, avoid welding wire 221 oxidized and affect welding effect in welding process, wherein, described protective gas can adopt argon gas, helium, carbon dioxide or its mist etc.; Along with contacting of welding wire 221 and working panel 33, working panel 33 operates according to desired trajectory, simultaneously plumb joint 41 and working panel 33 along Z-direction each other gradually away from, make successively to accumulate from plumb joint 41 welding weld part out, an and then complete 3D solid body shape of formation, saved the material loss causing in die sinking process and increased formed product efficiency, also having reduced production cost simultaneously.
Particularly, on described support 20, a side is provided with protective gas tank 60, and described protective gas tank 60 is communicated with the shower nozzle in welder 40 by pipeline.
In other embodiments, described welder 40 is fixed on described support 20 tops, and described workbench 30 can be along Z-direction start back and forth, makes welder 40 and the workbench 30 can be each other away from motion.
Particularly, described the first guide bracket 31 is held on described the 3rd screw mandrel 21, described the first guide bracket 31 can be along Z-direction towards operating away from welder 40 directions under the drive of the 3rd screw mandrel 21, realize the setting that the welding wire 221 on plumb joint 41 can not show according to controller composition and successively weld, and then form a complete 3D solid body shape product.
During the utility model work, by controlling organization, control the first drive unit 312 or the second drive unit 323 runnings, working panel 33 can back and forth be operated back and forth along Y-axis or X-axis, simultaneously, controlling organization is controlled the 3rd screw mandrel 21 runnings, welder 40 can back and forth be operated back and forth along the 3rd screw mandrel 21, controlling organization control plumb joint 41 and working panel 33 along the 3rd screw mandrel 21 directions each other away from, welding wire 221 on plumb joint 41 can successively be welded according to the setting of controlling organization 3D programming, an and then complete 3D solid body shape product of formation, saved the material loss causing in die sinking process and increased formed product efficiency, also reduced production cost simultaneously.
Particularly; regulate the plumb joint 41 in welder 40; welding wire 221 can be exposed from plumb joint 41; by pipeline, shower nozzle is communicated with protective gas tank 60; regulate welding current and the voltage of welder 40; start controlling organization, by the running that makes to cooperatively interact between the first screw mandrel 311, the second screw mandrel 322 and the 3rd screw mandrel 21 of controlling organization inner setting program, and then successively welded a complete 3D solid body shape product.
In sum, the metal 3D printer of the utility model based on arc welding by arranging the first guide bracket 31 and the second guide bracket 32 on pedestal 10, coordinate the first screw mandrel 311 of wherein setting and the running of the second screw mandrel 322 to complete the action along Y-axis or X-direction to working panel 33, and the 3rd screw mandrel 21 arranging by Z-direction, regulate the distance between welder 40 and working panel 33, welding wire 221 on plumb joint 41 can successively be welded according to the setting of 3D programming, an and then complete 3D solid body shape product of formation, saved the material loss causing in die sinking process and increased formed product efficiency, also reduced production cost simultaneously.
The above embodiment has only expressed several embodiment of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but can not therefore be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model scope.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, protection domain of the present utility model should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (10)

1. the metal 3D printer based on arc welding, it is characterized in that: comprise pedestal (10) and be arranged on the support (20) on described pedestal (10), on described pedestal (10), be provided with the workbench (30) moving along X-direction and Y direction, on described support (20), be provided with welder (40); Described welder (40) and workbench (30) are each other away from running.
2. the metal 3D printer based on arc welding according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described welder (40) is arranged on described support (20) movably along Z-direction.
3. the metal 3D printer based on arc welding according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described workbench (30) is provided with the first guide bracket (31), in described the first guide bracket (31), be provided with the first screw mandrel (311), described the first screw mandrel (311) is connected with the first drive unit (312); Described the first guide bracket (31) top is provided with the second guide bracket (32), in described the second guide bracket (32), be provided with the second screw mandrel (322), described the second screw mandrel (322) is connected with the second drive unit (323), and described the second guide bracket (32) top is provided with working panel (33).
4. the metal 3D printer based on arc welding according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described the first drive unit (312) and the second drive unit (323) are motor configuration.
5. the metal 3D printer based on arc welding according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described working panel (33) is steel plate structure.
6. the metal 3D printer based on arc welding according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described the second guide bracket (32) below is provided with slide block (321), and described slide block (321) is held on described the first screw mandrel (311).
7. the metal 3D printer based on arc welding according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: on described support (20), be provided with the 3rd screw mandrel (21) and wire feeder (22), described welder (40) is arranged on described working panel (33) top; It is upper that described welder (40) is held in the 3rd screw mandrel (21), and described welder (40) operates back and forth along Z-direction under the running of the 3rd screw mandrel (21), and described welder (40) is provided with plumb joint (41).
8. the metal 3D printer based on arc welding according to claim 7; it is characterized in that: described welder (40) inner coupling plumb joint (41) locates to be provided with protective gas shower nozzle; the upper side of described support (20) is provided with protective gas tank (60), and described protective gas tank (60) is communicated with the shower nozzle in welder (40) by pipeline.
9. the metal 3D printer based on arc welding according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described welder (40) is contravariant arc welding machine, on described wire feeder (22), be mounted with welding wire (221), described welding wire (221) extends in plumb joint (41).
10. the metal 3D printer based on arc welding according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described pedestal (10) surrounding edge extends upward and is provided with outer cover (50), and described outer cover (50) covers workbench (30).
CN201420250363.6U 2014-05-15 2014-05-15 Metal 3D printer based on electric-arc welding CN203817588U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104668564A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-06-03 周红 3D (Three-Dimensional) printing equipment and 3D printing shaping method utilizing metal wires as raw material
CN105127415A (en) * 2015-10-19 2015-12-09 北京化工大学 Metal 3D printing and fast prototyping device
CN105397251A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-03-16 山东大学 3D printing device and method for molten metal
CN105643053A (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-06-08 贵州师范大学 Consumable electrode gas shielded arc deposition three-dimensional printing method
US20160158866A1 (en) * 2007-10-26 2016-06-09 Ariel Andre Waitzman Automated welding of moulds and stamping tools
CN105799172A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-27 华南理工大学 Equipment and method for 3D printing of architectural ornaments
CN106141373A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-11-23 南京航空航天大学 The electric arc 3D printing device of aluminum alloy junction component and Method of printing
GB2539485A (en) * 2015-06-18 2016-12-21 Mcor Tech Ltd 3D Printing apparatus and a corresponding 3D metal printing method
EP3173183A1 (en) 2015-11-25 2017-05-31 Progemec S.r.l. Autonomous and universal fitting for 3d printing
CN110216289A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-09-10 桂林理工大学 A kind of preparation method of 3D metallic print machine and 3D printing metallic article

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10279413B2 (en) 2007-10-26 2019-05-07 Ariel Andre Waitzman Automated welding of moulds and stamping tools
US9776274B2 (en) * 2007-10-26 2017-10-03 Ariel Andre Waitzman Automated welding of moulds and stamping tools
US20160158866A1 (en) * 2007-10-26 2016-06-09 Ariel Andre Waitzman Automated welding of moulds and stamping tools
CN104668564A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-06-03 周红 3D (Three-Dimensional) printing equipment and 3D printing shaping method utilizing metal wires as raw material
GB2539485A (en) * 2015-06-18 2016-12-21 Mcor Tech Ltd 3D Printing apparatus and a corresponding 3D metal printing method
CN105127415A (en) * 2015-10-19 2015-12-09 北京化工大学 Metal 3D printing and fast prototyping device
EP3173183A1 (en) 2015-11-25 2017-05-31 Progemec S.r.l. Autonomous and universal fitting for 3d printing
CN105397251A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-03-16 山东大学 3D printing device and method for molten metal
CN105643053A (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-06-08 贵州师范大学 Consumable electrode gas shielded arc deposition three-dimensional printing method
CN105799172A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-27 华南理工大学 Equipment and method for 3D printing of architectural ornaments
CN105799172B (en) * 2016-04-28 2018-12-11 华南理工大学 A kind of apparatus and method for of 3D printing building decoration
CN106141373A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-11-23 南京航空航天大学 The electric arc 3D printing device of aluminum alloy junction component and Method of printing
CN110216289A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-09-10 桂林理工大学 A kind of preparation method of 3D metallic print machine and 3D printing metallic article

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