CN203788746U - Peanut picker - Google Patents

Peanut picker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203788746U
CN203788746U CN201420171109.7U CN201420171109U CN203788746U CN 203788746 U CN203788746 U CN 203788746U CN 201420171109 U CN201420171109 U CN 201420171109U CN 203788746 U CN203788746 U CN 203788746U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
beating
conveyor belt
axle
conveyer
groundnut picker
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420171109.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨献雷
Original Assignee
杨献雷
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 杨献雷 filed Critical 杨献雷
Priority to CN201420171109.7U priority Critical patent/CN203788746U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203788746U publication Critical patent/CN203788746U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a peanut picker and belongs to peanut harvesting machinery. The peanut picker comprises a rack, wherein a conveying device, a beating device and a speed-change reversing device are arranged on the rack; the conveying device comprises an upper conveying device and a lower conveying device; and the speed-change reversing device is connected with the beating device and the conveying device. According to the peanut picker, the picking efficiency after peanut harvesting can be improved, the labor intensity of peasants can be reduced, and the peanut picker is convenient to carry and suitable for farmland mobile operation.

Description

Groundnut picker
Technical field
The utility model belongs to peanut harvesting machinery, specifically, relates in particular to a kind of groundnut picker.
Background technology
Peanut is as a kind of main oil crop, wider at northern China planting range, and still, for a long time, the results of peanut are all the rural activities that a kind of physical labor intensity is large.Although peanut combine is promoted the use of in some places, but it seems at present, this peanut combine has certain limitation, some plant on a large scale and the good field of soil environment in to gather in the crops effect comparatively desirable, but in the farmland that fritter is planted and agricultural land soil environment is unsatisfactory, artificial results remain topmost harvesting peanut mode.In this case, the harvesting of peanut is generally beaten peanut seedling by manpower, and fruit is dropped, and often wastes time and energy and inefficiency, and labour intensity is larger.If there be a kind of can addressing this problem greatly at simple in structure and suitable machine for picking fruits tool in farm work.
Summary of the invention
The utility model discloses a kind of groundnut picker, it can improve the picking efficiency after harvesting peanut, reduces peasant's labour intensity, and easy to carry, suitable farmland operation.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Groundnut picker described in the utility model, comprise frame, described frame is provided with conveyer, beating device, variable speed commutator apparatus, and described conveyer comprises upper conveyor, lower conveyer, and described variable speed commutator apparatus is connected with beating device, conveyer.
Say further, the upper conveyor described in the utility model comprises uploads action roller, upper help roll, upper conveyor belt; Described lower conveyer comprises lower driving roller, at least two lower help rolls, lower conveyor belt.
Say further, the beating device described in the utility model comprises pats axle first, beating axle second, and described beating axle first, beating axle second are provided with contiguous block, pat sheet.
Say further, the frame described in the utility model is provided with final drive shaft, and described final drive shaft is connected with variable speed commutator apparatus or is connected with beating axle first by belt.
Say further, described in the utility model upload on action roller, upper help roll, lower driving roller, lower help roll and/or upper conveyor belt, lower conveyor belt are provided with anti-bias structure first, anti-bias structure second.Anti-bias structure can prevent that conveyer belt cause and effect seedling is subject to involving conveyer belt when beating device is patted and causes conveyer belt to depart from the situation generation of roller well.
Say further, the final drive shaft described in the utility model is provided with flabellum, and the frame at described beating device place is provided with gear fruit screen cloth, and the frame between described lower conveyor belt and upper conveyor belt is provided with fruit stopping means.Flabellum can play the effect of fan blower in the time that final drive shaft rotates, and the light-duty impurity such as the mulch film of carrying secretly in peanut fruit are blown away; Gear fruit screen cloth makes the peanut fruit can be along with the soil particle beating device that flies out, and fruit stopping means can be placed on lower conveyor belt of the present utility model peanut seedling fast and accurately.
Say further, the final drive shaft described in the utility model is provided with power input wheel, and power input wheel can be connected with internal combustion engine, and farm machinery, taking internal combustion engine as main, can reach the object of quick adaptation using internal combustion engine as power.
Say further, the frame described in the utility model is provided with electromotor, and described electromotor is connected with variable speed commutator apparatus or is connected with beating axle first by belt.Electromotor is as a kind of power set of clean energy resource, and itself and adaptive mode of the present utility model are two kinds, can directly be connected with variable speed commutator apparatus, also can be connected with beating axle first by belt.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following beneficial effect:
1, the utility model can be realized continuous operations, significantly improves the picking efficiency of fruit after harvesting peanut;
2, the utility model makes fruit seedling good separating effect, and foreign material are as few in the content of mulch film etc., can reduce to greatest extent peasant's labour intensity and secondary labour intensity;
3, the utility model can improve the integrity degree of fruit seedling, and can avoid fruit seedling to be doped into harmful substance, thereby avoids fruit seedling in the time of pasture, livestock to be fallen ill;
4, the utlity model has simple in structure, volume is little, be convenient for carrying, suitable mobile operating in farmland, and good to the suitability of power set;
5, the utility model manufacturing cost is lower, and stable performance, suitablely promotes the use of on a large scale.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is vertical view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is that the utility model is installed the structural representation after electromotor;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the anti-bias structure first in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the anti-bias structure second in the utility model.
In figure: 1, lower help roll; 2, lower conveyor belt; 3, belt wheel; 4, upper help roll; 5, contiguous block; 6, pat sheet; 7, upload action roller; 8, frame; 9, final drive shaft; 10, flabellum; 11, belt; 12, gear fruit screen cloth; 13, variable speed commutator apparatus; 14, fruit stopping means; 15, anti-bias structure first; 16, anti-bias structure second; 17, pat axle second; 18, lower driving roller; 19, upper conveyor belt; 20, pat axle first; 21, power input wheel; 22, electromotor.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further.
Embodiment 1: a kind of groundnut picker, comprise frame 8, described frame 8 is provided with conveyer, beating device, variable speed commutator apparatus 13, and described conveyer comprises upper conveyor, lower conveyer, and described variable speed commutator apparatus 13 is connected with beating device, conveyer.
Embodiment 2: a kind of groundnut picker, described upper conveyor comprises uploads action roller 7, upper help roll 4, upper conveyor belt 19; Described lower conveyer comprises lower driving roller 18, at least two lower help rolls 1, lower conveyor belt 2; Described beating device comprises pats axle first 20, beating axle second 17, is equipped with contiguous block 5, pats sheet 6 in described beating axle first 20, beating axle second 17; Described frame 8 is provided with electromotor 22, and described electromotor 22 is connected with variable speed commutator apparatus 13 or is connected with beating axle first 20 by belt 11.All the other device parts are identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3: a kind of groundnut picker, comprise frame 8, described frame 8 is provided with conveyer, beating device, variable speed commutator apparatus 13, and described conveyer comprises upper conveyor, lower conveyer, and described variable speed commutator apparatus 13 is connected with beating device, conveyer; Described upper conveyor comprises uploads action roller 7, upper help roll 4, upper conveyor belt 19; Described lower conveyer comprises lower driving roller 18, at least two lower help rolls 1, lower conveyor belt 2; Described beating device comprises pats axle first 20, beating axle second 17, is equipped with contiguous block 5, pats sheet 6 in described beating axle first 20, beating axle second 17; Described frame 8 is provided with final drive shaft 9, and described final drive shaft 9 is connected with beating axle first 20 by belt 11; The described action roller 7, upper help roll 4, lower driving roller 18, lower help roll 1 uploaded is provided with anti-bias structure first 15, and described upper conveyor belt 19, lower conveyor belt 2 are provided with anti-bias structure second 16; Described final drive shaft 9 is provided with flabellum 10, and a side of the frame 8 at described beating device place is provided with gear fruit screen cloth 12, and the frame 8 between described lower conveyor belt 2 and upper conveyor belt 19 is provided with fruit stopping means 14; Described final drive shaft 9 is connected with internal combustion engine by power input wheel 21.
Embodiment 4: a kind of groundnut picker, comprise frame 8, described frame 8 is provided with conveyer, beating device, variable speed commutator apparatus 13, and described conveyer comprises upper conveyor, lower conveyer, and described variable speed commutator apparatus 13 is connected with beating device, conveyer; Described upper conveyor comprises uploads action roller 7, upper help roll 4, upper conveyor belt 19; Described lower conveyer comprises lower driving roller 18, at least two lower help rolls 1, lower conveyor belt 2; Described beating device comprises pats axle first 20, beating axle second 17, is equipped with contiguous block 5, pats sheet 6 in described beating axle first 20, beating axle second 17; Described frame 8 is provided with final drive shaft 9, and described final drive shaft 9 is connected with beating axle first 20 by belt 11; The described action roller 7, upper help roll 4, lower driving roller 18, lower help roll 1 uploaded is provided with anti-bias structure first 15, and described upper conveyor belt 19, lower conveyor belt 2 are provided with anti-bias structure second 16; Described final drive shaft 9 is provided with flabellum 10, and a side of the frame 8 at described beating device place is provided with gear fruit screen cloth 12, and the frame 8 between described lower conveyor belt 2 and upper conveyor belt 19 is provided with fruit stopping means 14; Described frame 8 is provided with electromotor 22, and electromotor 22 is connected with beating axle first 20 by belt 11.
In view of above-described embodiment and accompanying drawing, the utility model in use, can be used as power source by internal combustion engine or electromotor 22, final drive shaft 9 by transmission of power to variable speed commutator apparatus 13 or beating device, thereby drive upper conveyor, lower conveyer and beating device action.Between upper conveyor and lower conveyer, be provided with the gap that can push down fruit seedling, treat that fruit seedling is sent to fruit in season seedling between upper conveyor and lower conveyer from lower conveyer and is held down, the residing position of peanut is in beating device.Described beating device adopts and pats axle first 20, pats the mode that the beating sheet 6 in axle second 17 is alternately patted, because beating axle first 20, beating axle second 17 make under the effect of variable speed commutator apparatus 13, direction of rotation is contrary each other, thereby make peanut can reach the effect of manually beating on upper and lower both direction, and patting sheet 6 is quality of rubber materials, further alleviate the injury to plucking fruit.
Because the utility model adopts the upper conveyor belt 19 in transport process, the harvesting that lower conveyor belt 2 clamping fruit seedlings are realized peanut, under the effect of beating device, fruit seedling certainly will be offset a part of distance to beating device direction with upper conveyor belt 19, lower conveyor belt 2, therefore the utility model described upload action roller 7, on be provided with anti-bias structure first 15 or be provided with anti-bias structure second 16 at upper conveyor belt 19, lower conveyor belt 2 on help roll 4, lower driving roller 18, lower help roll 1, can ensure so steadily normal operation of equipment.
Final drive shaft 9 is connected with internal combustion engine by the power input wheel 21 which is provided with, and final drive shaft 9 can be connected with variable speed commutator apparatus 13, also can be connected with the beating axle first 20 in beating device by belt 11.In the time that belt 11 is connected with the beating axle first 20 in beating device, the flabellum 10 on final drive shaft 9 plays the effect of blower fan in the time of High Rotation Speed, blows away lighter impurity such as patting the weeds that are mingled with in the peanut fruit that drops, dead leaf, mulch film.

Claims (9)

1. a groundnut picker, comprise frame (8), it is characterized in that: described frame (8) is provided with conveyer, beating device, variable speed commutator apparatus (13), described conveyer comprises upper conveyor, lower conveyer, and described variable speed commutator apparatus (13) is connected with beating device, conveyer.
2. groundnut picker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described upper conveyor comprises uploads action roller (7), upper help roll (4), upper conveyor belt (19); Described lower conveyer comprises lower driving roller (18), at least two lower help rolls (1), lower conveyor belt (2).
3. groundnut picker according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described beating device comprises pats axle first (20), beating axle second (17), and described beating axle first (20), beating axle second (17) are provided with contiguous block (5), pat sheet (6).
4. groundnut picker according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described frame (8) is provided with final drive shaft (9), final drive shaft (9) is connected with variable speed commutator apparatus (13) or is connected with beating axle first (20) by belt (11).
5. groundnut picker according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described in upload the upper and/or upper conveyor belt (19) of action roller (7), upper help roll (4), lower driving roller (18), lower help roll (1), lower conveyor belt (2) is provided with anti-bias structure first (15), anti-bias structure second (16).
6. groundnut picker according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described final drive shaft (9) is provided with flabellum (10), and the frame (8) at described beating device place is provided with gear fruit screen cloth (12); Frame (8) between described lower conveyor belt (2) and upper conveyor belt (19) is provided with fruit stopping means (14).
7. groundnut picker according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described final drive shaft (9) is provided with power input wheel (21) and connects.
8. according to the groundnut picker described in claim 1 or 2 or 6, it is characterized in that: described frame (8) is provided with electromotor (22), described electromotor (22) is connected with variable speed commutator apparatus (13) or is connected with beating axle first (20) by belt (11).
9. groundnut picker according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described beating sheet (6) is rubber.
CN201420171109.7U 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 Peanut picker Expired - Fee Related CN203788746U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420171109.7U CN203788746U (en) 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 Peanut picker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420171109.7U CN203788746U (en) 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 Peanut picker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203788746U true CN203788746U (en) 2014-08-27

Family

ID=51371046

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420171109.7U Expired - Fee Related CN203788746U (en) 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 Peanut picker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203788746U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103875370A (en) * 2014-04-10 2014-06-25 杨献雷 Peanut picker
CN104285598A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-21 宾阳县新桥镇前程机械厂 Peanut picker

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103875370A (en) * 2014-04-10 2014-06-25 杨献雷 Peanut picker
CN103875370B (en) * 2014-04-10 2017-02-15 杨献雷 Peanut picker
CN104285598A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-21 宾阳县新桥镇前程机械厂 Peanut picker

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140827

Termination date: 20150410

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model