CN203750409U - Flue gas purifying treatment device in waste incineration process - Google Patents

Flue gas purifying treatment device in waste incineration process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203750409U
CN203750409U CN201420055165.4U CN201420055165U CN203750409U CN 203750409 U CN203750409 U CN 203750409U CN 201420055165 U CN201420055165 U CN 201420055165U CN 203750409 U CN203750409 U CN 203750409U
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China
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flue gas
activated carbon
outlet
tower
sack cleaner
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CN201420055165.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢忠
简瑞民
张正
张健
段佳
华银锋
金山
陶友谊
宋仁清
李晓燕
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SHANGHAI LIMING RESOURCE REUSE Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI LIMING RESOURCE REUSE Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a flue gas purifying treatment device in waste incineration process. The waste incineration flue gas purifying treatment device comprises a quench tower, a bag-type dust collector, a flue gas/flue gas heat exchanger, a scrubbing tower, a steam heater, a draught fan, a chimney, a slaked lime and activated carbon combined ejecting device and an activated carbon adsorption tower. Flue gas passing through the quench tower is absorbed by alkaline liquor in the slaked lime and activated carbon combined ejecting device, and acid gases and dioxin as well as heavy metals are adsorbed and absorbed preliminarily; then the flue gas enters the bag-type dust collector to remove flue gas and dust, passes through a unit consisting of the flue gas/flue gas heat exchanger and the alkaline liquor scrubbing tower to further remove the acid gas by the alkaline liquor absorption effect; the temperature of the scrubbed flue gas is reduced; the flue gas is heated up by a steam heater and is sent into the activated carbon adsorption tower for adsorbing and removing dioxin and heavy metals finally; the flue gas reaching European Union 2000 emission standard is exhausted by the draught fan and the chimney.

Description

The purifying processing device of the flue gas producing in a kind of Refuse Incineration Process
Technical field
The utility model relates to the purifying processing device of flue gas in a kind of Refuse Incineration Process.
Background technology
In the flue gas producing in Refuse Incineration Process, contain a large amount of pollutant (as particle, sour gas, dioxin, heavy metal etc.), these materials have harm in various degree to environment.Therefore, before the flue gas producing enters atmosphere, must carry out purified treatment in burning process, make it to reach discharge standard.Flue gas purification system is the key that prevents garbage burning factory secondary pollution efficiently.
Dust removal method in the flue gas producing in Refuse Incineration Process has electrostatic precipitation, Venturi scrubbing and bag-type dust etc.Compare conventional process electrostatic precipitation and Venturi scrubbing etc., bag-type dusting had both had the effect of dedusting, the function that simultaneously has the acid gas clean-up of secondary concurrently, in the sour gas removing equipment of upstream, unreacted basic species is attached on filter bag, flue gas by time can again react with sour gas.Active carbon is commonly used brown coal active carbon, and this active carbon can mechanical dust-separating, removes noxious material by chemisorbed and physical absorption simultaneously, such as organic toxic species (PCDF, PCDD, PCB, PAH etc.), heavy metal (mercury, lead, cadmium), dust, inorganic noxious material (SO 2, HCl, HF).
Sour gas in the flue gas producing in Refuse Incineration Process is mainly HCl, HF and SO x, can select the removing process such as dry method, wet method, semidry method.The semidry method deacidifying flue gas technique of application mainly contains following three kinds of technology at home: spray drying process flue gases purification; Circulation suspension method flue gases purification; Multicomponent poisonous fume is administered technology.The independent use of any deacidification technique is all difficult to make pollutant levels to reach the discharge standard requirement of regulation, must adopt group technology.
Group technology is not simply two or three technique to be superposeed, and need to consider influencing each other between each technique, reaches the most efficient treatment effect.
Waste incinerated smoke purification system adopts one or both flue gas combined treatment process (CN101701716 B) substantially at present, as semidry method depickling, active carbon spray (CN101310835 B, CN102895856 A) such as absorption dioxin and sack cleaner dedustings.Being limited by each technique simply combines, a kind of function is fixed in each unit, behind a unit, flue gas enters next unit, pollutant removing effect is limited, treated flue gas be difficult to reach discharge standard (" consumer waste incineration pollutant control criterion " (GB18485-2001)) especially " European Union (2000/76/EC) " require smoke content to be less than 10mg/m 3, nitrogen oxide is less than 200mg/m 3, sulfur dioxide is less than 50 mg/m 3, hydrogen chloride is less than 10 mg/m 3, hydrogen fluoride 1 mg/m 3, dioxin 0.1ngTEQ/ m 3.Sour gas and dioxin are the pollutants that is difficult to remove, and only adopt one-level charcoal absorption to be generally difficult to reach requirement.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is that the flue gas that produces in above-mentioned Refuse Incineration Process is processed thoroughly in order to solve, the pollutant emission such as dioxin, heavy metal in flue gas is difficult to the technical problem such as up to standard and a kind of purifying processing device of flue gas of refuse burning is provided.This device, in the application of burning away the refuse in processing, adopts " dry method+active carbon injection+sack cleaner+flue gas heat-exchange unit+wet scrubber tower+steam heater+absorbent charcoal adsorber " group technology.In conjunction with each technological advantage, consider rational technological process, remove to greatest extent dust in flue gas, toxic organic compound, heavy metal, sour gas and dioxin.
Know-why of the present utility model
The cigarette temperature at boiler export place, generally 200 ~ 220 DEG C of left and right, in order to protect the service life of filter bag of dust collector, arranges cooling protection device before deduster, in the time that cigarette temperature exceedes filter bag operating limit temperature, start spraying temp. lowering apparatus by cigarette temperature drop to 150 DEG C left and right.In flue before entering sack cleaner, spray into calcium hydroxide and active carbon and (multiple spraying into is a little set, in case when spray nozzle clogging as for subsequent use), wherein active carbon powder granularity is less than 200 orders, after entering deduster, these active carbon powders are trapped within cloth bag surface equally, in the time that flue gas passes through cloth bag, in flue gas, dioxin is purified by charcoal absorption.When cigarette temperature exceedes cloth bag serviceability temperature scope, start temperature-reducing tower, water is sprayed into temperature-reducing tower by atomizer, to increase with the reduction of temperature owing to absorbing the ability of acid ingredient in flue gas, and too low temperature will strengthen the bonding trend of flying dust in temperature-reducing tower, take into account these two kinds of trend and generally flue-gas temperature is controlled to above 10~20 DEG C of acid dew point by regulating pondage.
Between deduster and wet scrubbing tower, flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit is set, utilize sack cleaner hot flue gas scrubbing tower out cold flue gas out, maintain wet scrubbing tower flue-gas temperature out more than flue gas acid dew point (120 DEG C), this flue gas heat-exchange unit has also reclaimed the heat of part of smoke simultaneously.
Alkali lye in scrubbing tower is sent into by membrane pump, and tower top arranges two-layer alkali lye spray system, separately establishes the built-in demister of two-stage.Flue gas enters in scrubbing tower, flows from bottom to top to spray downward alkali lye with spraying layer and drip and react, washing SO 2, SO 3, the pernicious gas such as HF, HCl.Alkali lye by the high-efficiency helical atomizer ejection in alkali lye spray system forms very thin vaporific drop under spray effect, produces efficient sufficient gas-liquid-solid three and contact in tower.At the bottom of reacted slurries fall into tower, fully mixed by the assistance of agitator, mixed slurries are exported through excavationg pump, and tower weight new reaction is washed in a part of back scrubbing, and another part enters wastewater disposal basin, is delivered to Waste Water Treatment through sump pump.
The technical solution of the utility model
A kind of purifying processing device of flue gas of refuse burning comprises quench tower, calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus, sack cleaner, flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit, alkali liquid washing tower, steam heater, activated carbon adsorber, air-introduced machine and chimney, its medium-slaking lime and activated carbon combined injection apparatus are the capital equipments removing in order to realize sour gas and dioxin etc., and activated carbon adsorber is further to remove sour gas and dioxin and special setting.
The purifying processing device of above-mentioned a kind of flue gas of refuse burning, quench tower top is provided with the entrance of flue gas, and bottom is provided with outlet, and sidewall is provided with exhanst gas outlet;
The calcium hydroxide being connected with on flue between the smoke inlet that the exhanst gas outlet of quench tower and sack cleaner are provided with and activated carbon combined injection apparatus;
Sack cleaner is provided with exhanst gas outlet, and it is connected with the smoke inlet that the sidewall of flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit is provided with through piping; The bottom of sack cleaner is provided with ash dropping hopper for collecting the flying dust in the flue gas that enters sack cleaner;
The exhanst gas outlet that flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit sidewall is provided with is connected with the smoke inlet that alkali liquid washing tower side wall is provided with, alkali liquid washing top of tower is provided with exhanst gas outlet, this exhanst gas outlet is connected with the entrance at flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit top, and flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit outlet at bottom is connected with the entrance of steam heater;
The outlet of steam heater is connected with the top entrance of activated carbon adsorber after valve I by pipeline, and the outlet at bottom of activated carbon adsorber is connected with the entrance of air-introduced machine through valve III by pipeline, and the outlet of air-introduced machine is connected with chimney;
Pipeline between the outlet of described steam heater and valve I is provided with a branch road and after valve II, is connected with the pipeline after the valve III of the outlet at bottom of activated carbon adsorber and together enters air-introduced machine, its effect is mainly in activated carbon adsorber fault or when inactive, from steam heater flue gas out directly enters air-introduced machine, discharges by chimney.
Described calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus, calcium hydroxide and active carbon ship from factory, and deliver to storage bin by the pneumatic transporting of tank car, for preventing flying upward in course of conveying everywhere, storage bin top is provided with deduster and collects dust, and storage bin bottom is provided with the outlet of calcium hydroxide and active carbon and sends into calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus by roots blower;
Active carbon from storage bin sprays into after flue by calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus together with calcium hydroxide, in flue, start the heavy metal contaminants such as absorbing acid gases, dioxin and Hg, but do not reach capacity, enter together with flue gas subsequently in sack cleaner and be adsorbed on filter bag surface, with fully contact by the flue gas on filter bag surface, finally reach and remove the object of acid gas in flue gas, dioxin and heavy metal;
Described sack cleaner can corresponding raising desulfuration efficiency and efficiency of dust collection, and be more conducive to remove part heavy metal and dioxin, according to the character of the composition of waste gas in waste incineration and waste gas, described sack cleaner adopts high-pressure pulse deashing sack cleaner, the cloth bag of deduster is selected superpower polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and PTFE membrane filter material, such filtrate has acid-proof, alkali, resistant to hydrolysis performance, its high-temperature resistant is up to 280 DEG C, for preventing low dewfall and the sticky grey problem of causing of sack cleaner bottom temp, the ash bucket of sack cleaner is taked electric tracer heating system;
Described alkali liquid washing tower, comprise scrubbing tower tower body, spray system and pump, the tower top of scrubbing tower tower body arranges two-layer alkali lye spray system, separately establish the built-in demister of two-stage, flue gas enters in alkali liquid washing tower, flow from bottom to top and spray downward alkali lye with spraying layer and drip and react, at the bottom of reacted slurries fall into tower, after being assisted fully to mix by agitator, export through excavationg pump, a part is returned alkali liquid washing tower weight new reaction, another part enters wastewater disposal basin, is delivered to Waste Water Treatment by wastewater disposal basin sump pump;
Described steam heater is shell-and-tube heater;
Described activated carbon adsorber, formed by following part: active carbon input system, activated carbon reactor, output conveying worm, gathering screw conveyer and can lock funnel, active carbon is sent into activated carbon reactor by active carbon input system, the useless charcoal producing in activated carbon reactor set output equipment in activated carbon reactor outputs to output conveying worm, output conveying worm is collected and has been adsorbed the active carbon waste material of pollutant and be sent to gathering screw conveyer, cross deuterostrophies transmission at gathering screw conveyer back warp, the charcoal that will give up is delivered to and can be locked funnel.
Active carbon input system is made up of four parts: input hopper, pneumatic operated valve, distributing auger conveyer, charcoal bed input conveying worm.The active carbon of storage silo enters input hopper by strength transmission system.Input hopper top is provided with deduster, and input hopper bottom is provided with pneumatic operated valve.In the time that the amounts of activated carbon indicator for displaying in activated carbon reactor need be fed in raw material, pneumatic operated valve is opened, and the input conveying worm of this activated carbon reactor delivered to active carbon by the distributing auger conveyer under input hopper.Till such process is continued until that charcoal amount indicator no longer includes the instruction on the low side of charcoal amount.When inputting the last time conveying worm active carbon being delivered to activated carbon reactor, the pneumatic operated valve of input hopper bottom cuts out.
Described activated carbon reactor adopts fixed bed pattern, inner containing following three parts: water conservancy diversion venetian blind type import baffle plate, perforated plate, the shock proof outlet shutter formula of band metal grill baffle plate.This three part is 3 layers by activated carbon reactor internal separation, and the active carbon in every layer has independently waste material output equipment, and wherein the 1st layer and the 3rd layer all uses the output equipment of cylinder and rotary valve type, and each cylinder all uses as an output conveyer; The 2nd layer only uses two cylinders as output equipment.A kind of so independent output device can utilize each layer of active carbon substantially.In activated carbon reactor, have amounts of activated carbon indicator, in the time that its instruction amounts of activated carbon is on the low side, it can start active carbon input automatically.
The purifying processing device of above-mentioned a kind of flue gas of refuse burning is for gas cleaning processing, and its operating path is as follows:
The calcium hydroxide of flue gas after quench tower in calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus and active carbon complete preliminary absorption and the absorption of sour gas and dioxin and heavy metal, then enter sack cleaner further de-dirt remove acid gas in flue gas, dioxin and heavy metal, remove sour gas through further de-dirt, flue gas after dioxin and heavy metal through the unit of flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit and alkali liquid washing tower composition further by alkali liquid washing absorption further to remove sour gas, flue-gas temperature after alkali liquid washing reduces, after flue gas being heated through steam heater, send into activated carbon adsorber and carry out the de-dirt dioxin of final absorption and heavy metal, final clean flue gas is discharged through chimney after air-introduced machine,
When activated carbon adsorber fault or when inactive, directly entering air-introduced machine, the flue gas of discharging from steam heater discharges through chimney.
The beneficial effects of the utility model
The purifying processing device of a kind of flue gas of refuse burning of the present utility model, owing to adopting calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus, alkali liquid washing tower, activated carbon adsorber, adopt two-stage alkali liquor absorption washing and two-stage active carbon adsorption technology, therefore there is larger superiority at acid gas removal and dioxin, heavy metal adsorption aspect removing.First, in calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus, the very first time by absorb and suction-operated by the sour gas (SO of flue gas middle and high concentration 2, SO 3, HF, HCl), dioxin and heavy metal removing, complete to absorb and separated with flue gas in high-efficient cloth-bag dust precipitator with adsorbing calcium hydroxide and active carbon powder, and sour gas, dioxin and heavy metal residual in flue gas are further removed, sour gas in the flue gas being separated is again absorbed in alkali liquid washing tower, and in the flue gas being separated, residual dioxin and heavy metal again adsorbed further to remove by active carbon in activated carbon adsorber.Because flue gas flow is longer, and through the washing of alkali liquid washing tower, flue-gas temperature can reduce a lot, and flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit of setting up and steam heater unit are in order to improve the temperature of the flue gas that enters activated carbon adsorber, and then the adsorption efficiency of raising final stage active carbon.
Further, after the purified treatment of the flue gas that the purifying processing device of a kind of flue gas of refuse burning of the present utility model produces for Refuse Incineration Process, smoke content 10mg/m in the flue gas of discharge 3, nitrogen oxide 200mg/m 3, sulfur dioxide 50 mg/m 3, hydrogen chloride 10 mg/m 3, hydrogen fluoride 1 mg/m 3, mercury and cadmium are measured average 0.05mg/m 3, plumbous average 0.5 mg/m that measures 3, dioxin 0.1ngTEQ/ m 3.Ji Da European Union 2000 discharge standards (European Union's standard limit of smog release (2000/76/EC)).
Brief description of the drawings
The structural representation of Fig. 1, flue gas integrated purifying treating apparatus.
Detailed description of the invention
Also by reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is further set forth below by specific embodiment, but do not limit the utility model.
embodiment 1
The purifying processing device of the flue gas producing in a kind of Refuse Incineration Process, its structural representation as shown in Figure 1, comprises quench tower 2, calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus 3, sack cleaner 4, flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6, alkali liquid washing tower 7, steam heater 8, activated carbon adsorber 9, air-introduced machine 10 and chimney 11;
Quench tower 2 tops are provided with the entrance 1 of flue gas, and bottom is provided with outlet 12, and sidewall is provided with exhanst gas outlet;
The calcium hydroxide being connected with on flue between the smoke inlet that the sidewall upper smoke outlet of quench tower 2 and sack cleaner 4 are provided with and activated carbon combined injection apparatus 3;
Sack cleaner 4 is provided with exhanst gas outlet, and it is connected with the smoke inlet that the sidewall of flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 is provided with through piping; The bottom of sack cleaner 4 is provided with ash dropping hopper 5 for collecting the flying dust in the flue gas that enters sack cleaner 4;
The exhanst gas outlet that flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 sidewalls are provided with is connected with the smoke inlet that alkali liquid washing tower 7 sidewalls are provided with, alkali liquid washing tower 7 tops are provided with exhanst gas outlet, this exhanst gas outlet is connected with the entrance at flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 tops, flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 outlet at bottoms are connected with the entrance of steam heater 8, the outlet of steam heater 8 by pipeline through valve I(13) after be connected with the top entrance of activated carbon adsorber 9, the outlet at bottom of activated carbon adsorber 9 by pipeline through valve III(15) be connected with the entrance of air-introduced machine 10
The outlet of air-introduced machine 10 is connected with chimney 11;
The outlet of described steam heater 8 and valve I(13) between pipeline be provided with a branch road and through valve II(14) after with the valve III(15 of the outlet at bottom of activated carbon adsorber 9) after pipeline be connected and together enter air-introduced machine 10, its effect is mainly in activated carbon adsorber fault or when inactive, from steam heater 8 flue gas out directly enters air-introduced machine 10, discharges by chimney 11.
The purifying processing device of the flue gas producing in above-mentioned a kind of Refuse Incineration Process, its operating path is as follows:
The flue gas producing in Refuse Incineration Process from the entrance 1 of the flue gas on quench tower 2 tops enters quench tower 2 through spray cooling process after, the outlet 12 that wherein flying dust of gained is provided with from bottom is discharged, turn back and upwards draw through calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus 3 and carry out after depickling and adsorption treatment from quench tower middle part through the flue gas after treatment of lowering the temperature, the mixing calcium hydroxide of gained and the flue gas of activated carbon granule enter sack cleaner 4 and carry out dedusting, after dedusting, the flying dust of gained enters the ash dropping hopper 5 that the bottom of sack cleaner 4 is provided with and collects, flying dust after collection is delivered to grey storehouse by carrier chain,
After sack cleaner 4 dedustings, the exhanst gas outlet of the flue gas of gained on sack cleaner 4 enters flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 through pipeline, flue gas through the low temperature of flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 heat exchange gained out enters alkali liquid washing tower 7 middle parts from the exhanst gas outlet of flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6, alkali liquid washing tower 7 interior after alkali liquid washing on flow, from discharging, alkali liquid washing tower 7 top exits again enter the entrance at flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 tops, again entering flue gas in flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 discharges from the outlet at bottom of flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 after heated flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 is interior, the flue gas of outlet enters steam heater 8, flue gas after steam heater 8 heating by pipeline through valve I(13) to enter activated carbon adsorber 9 interior through three layers of charcoal absorption processing, flue gas after adsorption treatment at the outlet at bottom of activated carbon adsorber 9 by pipeline through valve III(15) enter air-introduced machine 10, enter the flue gas of air-introduced machine 10 again by discharging through chimney 11 after the outlet of air-introduced machine 10, in the above-mentioned course of work, valve II14 closes.
When activated carbon adsorber 9 is during in fault or dead status, valve-off I(13) and valve III(15), open valve II(14), the flue gas ejecting from steam heater 8 can be directly by pipeline through valve II(14) discharge by chimney 11 after entering air-introduced machine 10.
application Example 1
Utilize the purifying processing device of a kind of flue gas of refuse burning described in embodiment 1 to process the flue gas producing in Refuse Incineration Process, its operating path is as follows:
The flue gas being ejected by garbage burning boiler, since the entrance 1 on quench tower 2 tops enters into quench tower 2, enters sack cleaner 4 after spray cooling after calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus 3 again;
The calcium hydroxide being provided with on the flue between quench tower 2 and sack cleaner 4 and activated carbon combined injection apparatus 3, spray into calcium hydroxide powder and active carbon powder herein, calcium hydroxide reacts with sour gas, and active carbon adsorbs the pollutant such as dioxin, heavy metal for the first time.The reaction product of calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus 3 and flue gas together enter sack cleaner 4, filter bag surface at sack cleaner 4 forms filter course, carry out high efficiency filter further to remove the pollutant such as dioxin, heavy metal residual in flue gas, the calcium hydroxide of complete reaction does not continue to react with the sour gas in flue gas.The fraction reaction product of quench tower 2 bottoms is discharged by bottom outlet 12, and the flying dust that sack cleaner ash dropping hopper 5 is collected is sent to grey storehouse through carrier chain;
The flue gas being exported by sack cleaner 4 enters flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6, carry out heat exchange with the cold flue gas from alkali liquid washing tower 7, exothermic flue gas enters from alkali liquid washing tower 7 middle parts, and the cold flue gas of absorption heat is left flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 bottoms and entered steam heater 8 entrances;
And, in alkali liquid washing tower 7, react with sodium hydroxide lye from flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit 6 flue gas out, remove unreacted sour gas, the waste liquid of generation drains into waste water system and processes;
The flue gas that enters steam heater 8 enters activated carbon adsorber 9 and carries out charcoal absorption for the second time after heating up, further to remove remaining dioxin, heavy metal etc., flue gas after charcoal absorption is sent into chimney 11 by air-introduced machine 10 again and is entered atmosphere for the second time, thereby realizes the purified treatment of flue gas of refuse burning.
In the flue gas that the purifying processing device of the flue gas through producing in above-mentioned a kind of Refuse Incineration Process is discharged after processing, smoke content 10mg/m 3, nitrogen oxide 200mg/m 3, sulfur dioxide 50mg/m 3, hydrogen chloride 10mg/m 3, hydrogen fluoride 1mg/m 3, mercury and cadmium are measured average 0.05mg/m 3, the plumbous average 0.5mg/m that measures 3, dioxin 0.1ngTEQ/m 3.Be contained dust, dioxin and acidic materials Yi Da European Union 2000 discharge standards.
control Example 1
The flue gas combined treatment process that adopts " semidry method depickling+active carbon sprays the dedusting of absorption dioxin+sack cleaner " of prior art, pollutant emission meets standard-required, smoke content 80mg/m 3, sulfur dioxide 260mg/m 3, hydrogen chloride 75mg/m 3, mercury and cadmium are measured average 0.15mg/m 3, the plumbous average 1.6mg/m that measures 3, dioxin 1.0ngTEQ/m 3, wherein dust, dioxin and acidic materials fail to reach European Union's 2000 discharge standards.
Contrast by above-mentioned Application Example 1 and control Example 1, can find out, the purifying processing device of the flue gas producing in a kind of Refuse Incineration Process of the present utility model is for the purified treatment of flue gas of refuse burning, it is at smoke content, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, in the index such as heavy metal and dioxin, combine and remove owing to having passed through two-stage absorption, therefore its treatment effect is greatly improved than prior art, smoke content and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions are reduced to 1/8 and 1/5 times of prior art, hydrogen chloride has reduced 1/7.5, and Heavy Metals element mercury, cadmium and plumbous grade are discharged as 1/3 of prior art, dioxin discharge is only 1/10 of prior art, show that thus flue-gas purification equipment of the present utility model has obvious advantage at flue gas pollutant aspect removing.
Foregoing is only the basic explanation under the utility model design, and any equivalent transformation of doing according to the technical solution of the utility model all should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (3)

1. the purifying processing device of a flue gas of refuse burning ,comprise quench tower, sack cleaner, flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit, alkali liquid washing tower, steam heater, air-introduced machine and chimney, characterized by further comprising calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus and activated carbon adsorber;
Quench tower top is provided with the entrance of flue gas, and bottom is provided with outlet, and sidewall is provided with exhanst gas outlet;
On flue between the smoke inlet that the exhanst gas outlet of quench tower and sack cleaner are provided with, be connected with calcium hydroxide and activated carbon combined injection apparatus;
Sack cleaner is provided with exhanst gas outlet, and it is connected with the smoke inlet that the sidewall of flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit is provided with through piping, and the bottom of sack cleaner is provided with ash dropping hopper;
The exhanst gas outlet that flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit sidewall is provided with is connected with the smoke inlet that alkali liquid washing tower side wall is provided with, alkali liquid washing top of tower is provided with exhanst gas outlet, this exhanst gas outlet is connected with the entrance at flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit top, and flue gas/flue gas heat-exchange unit outlet at bottom is connected with the entrance of steam heater;
The outlet of steam heater is connected with the top entrance of activated carbon adsorber after valve I by pipeline, and the outlet at bottom of activated carbon adsorber is connected with the entrance of air-introduced machine through valve III by pipeline,
The outlet of air-introduced machine is connected with chimney;
Pipeline between the outlet of described steam heater and valve I is provided with a branch road and after valve II, is connected with the pipeline after the valve III of the outlet at bottom of activated carbon adsorber and together enters air-introduced machine.
2. the purifying processing device of a kind of flue gas of refuse burning as claimed in claim 1 ,it is characterized in that described sack cleaner adopts high-pressure pulse deashing sack cleaner, the cloth bag of deduster is selected superpower polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and PTFE membrane filter material.
3. the purifying processing device of a kind of flue gas of refuse burning as claimed in claim 1 ,it is characterized in that described activated carbon adsorber comprises activated carbon reactor;
Described activated carbon reactor adopts fixed bed pattern, inner containing following three parts: water conservancy diversion venetian blind type import baffle plate, perforated plate, the shock proof outlet shutter formula of band metal grill baffle plate, this three part is 3 layers by activated carbon reactor internal separation, active carbon in every layer has independently waste material output equipment, wherein the 1st layer and the 3rd layer all uses the output equipment of cylinder and rotary valve type, and each cylinder all uses as an output conveyer; The 2nd layer only uses two cylinders as output equipment.
CN201420055165.4U 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 Flue gas purifying treatment device in waste incineration process Withdrawn - After Issue CN203750409U (en)

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CN104258709A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-07 成都中环资(集团)有限公司 Waste derived fuel burning smoke separation and purifying process
CN104406184A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-03-11 威海鲁源科技环保设备有限公司 Tail gas purification treatment device of cremation machine
CN104689682A (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-06-10 苏州仕净环保设备有限公司 Organic waste gas treatment system
CN104819477A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-08-05 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Multi-physical-state incineration technology for industrial hazardous wastes
CN105032117A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-11 东南大学 Apparatus for gas-solid reaction between heavy metal vapor and adsorbent
CN105642095A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-08 安徽省绿巨人环境技术有限公司 Device and method for treating fluoride-containing waste gas
CN105854571A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-08-17 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Novel medical waste incineration flue gas purification system
CN106594709A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-04-26 陈彦羽 Smoke removing type vertical boiler equipment with biomass as energy fuel

Cited By (12)

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CN103768929A (en) * 2014-01-28 2014-05-07 上海黎明资源再利用有限公司 Purification treatment device for flue gas generated in garbage incineration process, and application of purification treatment device
CN103768929B (en) * 2014-01-28 2016-04-27 上海黎明资源再利用有限公司 The purifying processing device of the flue gas produced in a kind of Refuse Incineration Process and application thereof
CN104258709A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-07 成都中环资(集团)有限公司 Waste derived fuel burning smoke separation and purifying process
CN104258709B (en) * 2014-09-26 2016-08-24 成都中环资(集团)有限公司 A kind of waste-derived fuel incineration flue gas isolation of purified technique
CN104406184A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-03-11 威海鲁源科技环保设备有限公司 Tail gas purification treatment device of cremation machine
CN104689682A (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-06-10 苏州仕净环保设备有限公司 Organic waste gas treatment system
CN104819477A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-08-05 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Multi-physical-state incineration technology for industrial hazardous wastes
CN105032117A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-11 东南大学 Apparatus for gas-solid reaction between heavy metal vapor and adsorbent
CN105642095A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-08 安徽省绿巨人环境技术有限公司 Device and method for treating fluoride-containing waste gas
CN105854571A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-08-17 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Novel medical waste incineration flue gas purification system
CN106594709A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-04-26 陈彦羽 Smoke removing type vertical boiler equipment with biomass as energy fuel
CN106594709B (en) * 2016-12-09 2018-08-24 赣州市怡辰新能源开发有限公司 A kind of smoke abatement type vertical boiler equipment using biomass as energy fuel

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