CN203734998U - Energy-saving server cabinet - Google Patents

Energy-saving server cabinet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203734998U
CN203734998U CN201420132986.3U CN201420132986U CN203734998U CN 203734998 U CN203734998 U CN 203734998U CN 201420132986 U CN201420132986 U CN 201420132986U CN 203734998 U CN203734998 U CN 203734998U
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China
Prior art keywords
cabinet
air
air inlet
rack
machine cabinet
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420132986.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何祥宇
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何祥宇
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Priority to CN201420132986.3U priority Critical patent/CN203734998U/en
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Publication of CN203734998U publication Critical patent/CN203734998U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an energy-saving server cabinet. The cabinet is wholly in a cuboid shape and is formed by a cabinet top plate, a cabinet base plate, a front door plate, a back door plate and two side door plates. The cabinet is internally provided with server devices which are placed up and down. The front ends of the server devices are respectively provided with a pseudo panel. The pseudo panels enable the server devices to be connected up and down. The tops of the pseudo panels are connected with the cabinet top plate. The bottoms of the pseudo panels are connected with the cabinet base plate through a guidance cover. The front end of the cabinet base plate is provided with an air inlet, wherein the air inlet is connected with an air conditioner through an air hose. The back end of the cabinet top plate is provided with an air outlet. The cabinet utilizes a fixed point refrigeration mode, thereby realizing refrigerating capacity of the cabinet to be allocated according to needs, and reducing the refrigeration burden of the air conditioner; the server devices are subjected to accuracy refrigeration, thereby reducing the error rate due to local overheating and improving the stability of equipment operation; and the air channel utilizes a fully-closed structure, thereby reducing dust invasion, prolonging the service life of the main device, and reducing the maintenance cost.

Description

A kind of energy conservation server machine cabinet
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of energy conservation server machine cabinet, belongs to Internet data center (IDC) computer room structure design field.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of IT industry, modern IDC machine room has proposed more and more higher requirement to server cabinet.Except playing the function of carrying server, also aspect high density, energy-conservation, intelligent management, all having higher requirement.
Along with the raising of the integrated degree of server, the power of data center machine room single chassis significantly promotes, and high power consumption certainly leads to high heating, and this becomes terribly local pyrexia, and temperature gradient changes greatly, and aeration-cooling processing is complicated.The shutdown of air-conditioning short time or refrigerating capacity are not enough, and computer room temperature can be elevated to rapidly limiting temperature, cause server all to report to the police and even shut down.By greatly solving to the structural design of server cabinet these quagmires that modern IDC machine room runs into.
The rack refrigeration modes that IDC center has been used is at present the technical scheme that adopts the interior air-conditioning temperature-reducing of monolithic chamber or rack advancing air.
Air-conditioning temperature-reducing is that rack is put into airtight space in monolithic chamber, adopts air-conditioning to concentrate cooling, need to make like this employings of comprehensively lowering the temperature of whole space, and air-conditioning electric energy is one to be wasted greatly.And indoor precision air conditioner is sent cold air into rack front panel by employing horizontal blast mode in rack advancing air scheme, air outlet after rack server, this kind of scheme is because cold wind arbitrarily exchanges in diffusive condition and cold and hot air, easily cause the phenomenon of hot localised points, make rack refrigeration disunity.For improving rack refrigeration, can only reach by turning down air-conditioner temperature the object of comprehensive refrigeration, consequence is exactly to cause the electric energy significant wastage of air-conditioning.Even if adopt cold drop scheme also to there will be, because cold air pressure in floor is inhomogeneous, cause far-end rack refrigeration to weaken, also need to turn down air conditioning exhausting temperature.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of energy conservation server machine cabinet, solves in IDC machine room that conventional cabinet refrigeration is low, local overheating, causes air conditioning energy consumption to cross the problems such as high.
The technical scheme that the utility model solves the problems of the technologies described above is as follows: a kind of energy conservation server machine cabinet, rack integral body is cuboid, by rack top board, bottom plate of machine cabinet, front door, Rear Door and two side door plates form, in described rack, be provided with the server apparatus of placing up and down, the front end of described server apparatus is provided with filler panel, described filler panel and server apparatus are alternately, described filler panel couples together server apparatus up and down, the top of described filler panel is connected with rack top board, the bottom of described filler panel is connected with bottom plate of machine cabinet by kuppe, the front end of described bottom plate of machine cabinet is provided with air inlet, described air inlet is connected with air-conditioning by airduct, the locus of described air inlet is between kuppe and front door, between described filler panel and front door, be provided with cold air duct, the rear end of described rack top board is provided with air outlet.
On the basis of technique scheme, the utility model can also be done following improvement.
Further, described rack top board middle part is provided with incoming line.
Further, described Rear Door is provided with a plurality of perforates for ventilating.
Further, described air outlet place is provided with temperature sensor.
Further, the front end of described bottom plate of machine cabinet is also provided with for controlling the air inlet adjustable plate of air inlet size.
Owing to being provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor in every rack, attendant can realize understanding directly perceived to the in-cabinet temperature of separate unit rack, during temperature anomaly, by air inlet adjustable plate, regulate air inlet size, by Automatic Control Theory, realized cold and regulated manually or automatically, to in-cabinet temperature, can network and realize centralized monitor.
The utility model is Novel server cabinet, and its major technique bright spot is by structure Duct design cleverly, makes this Novel server cabinet than traditional server rack, have great raising in high density and aspect server radiating effect.The utility model is changed conventional cabinet design concept from structure.Air inlet under rack is connected with air-conditioning by airduct, be provided with the adjustable aerofoil of air intake simultaneously, thereby realized the object of distribution according to need refrigerating capacity, also the blast that has guaranteed main air duct is supplied with, the most effectively bright spot is to combine Theory of Automatic Control, the adjusting of air door and the interlock of rack leaving air temp, realize automatic constant-temperature and control.Thereby the refrigeration power consumption that has greatly reduced air-conditioning, has reached energy-conservation effect.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: rack of the present utility model adopts the mode of fixed point refrigeration, have realized the cold distribution according to need of rack, can alleviate air conditioner refrigerating burden, promote IDC machine room PUE value; Server apparatus is realized to accurately refrigeration, reduce the error rate causing because of local overheating, lifting means operation stability; Because air channel adopts full-closed structure, thereby reduce dust invasion and attack, extend main equipment useful life, reduce maintenance cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of the utility model side-looking;
Fig. 2 is the sectional structure schematic diagram that the utility model is faced.
In accompanying drawing, the list of parts of each label representative is as follows:
1, rack top board, 2, bottom plate of machine cabinet, 3, front door, 4, Rear Door, 5, server apparatus, 6, filler panel, 7, side door plate, 8, kuppe, 9, air inlet, 10, air outlet, 11, cold air duct, 12, incoming line, 13, air inlet adjustable plate, 14, perforate.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, principle of the present utility model and feature are described, example, only for explaining the utility model, is not intended to limit scope of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of energy conservation server machine cabinet, rack integral body is cuboid, by rack top board 1, bottom plate of machine cabinet 2, front door 3, Rear Door 4 and two side door plates 7 form, in described rack, be provided with the server apparatus 5 of placing up and down, the front end of described server apparatus 5 is provided with filler panel 6, described filler panel 6 and server apparatus 5 are alternately, described filler panel 6 couples together server apparatus 5 up and down, the top of described filler panel 6 is connected with rack top board 1, the bottom of described filler panel 6 is connected with bottom plate of machine cabinet 2 by kuppe 8, the front end of described bottom plate of machine cabinet 2 is provided with air inlet 9, described air inlet 9 is connected with air-conditioning by airduct, the locus of described air inlet 9 is between kuppe 8 and front door 3, between described filler panel 6 and front door 3, be provided with cold air duct 11, the rear end of described rack top board 1 is provided with air outlet 10.
Above air inlet 9, be provided with the kuppe 8 that a height is 180mm~260mm, kuppe 8 is curved surface, and guiding cold wind enters the region (cold air duct 11) between front door 3 and filler panel 6.Kuppe 8 should be reasonable in design, and except open front, other places should seal with bottom plate of machine cabinet 2, should prevent that cold wind from directly flowing to frame rear portion or both sides, reduce as far as possible again air drag.
Wanting to make full use of cold air is server apparatus 5 refrigeration, just must allow cold air be limited in server apparatus 5 fronts.And in conventional cabinet, the positive facial plane of server is filled with flaws, does not have on the one hand the front and back, layer position of build-in services device to connect, and column both sides connect before and after being also on the other hand, only have a small amount of Quilt with air conditioning server to suck, a large amount of cold air is to leak and run off along rack opening part.In order to change this drawback, not having the layer position of build-in services device equipment 5 that 1u and the high filler panel 6 of 2u are completely installed, can also add sealing plate in server apparatus 5 both sides, keep sealing with side door plate 7, guaranteed that cold air can not be lost to that rack is latter half of have been gone.
Utilize server apparatus 5, filler panel 6 and front door 3, in rack, form enough large, airtight cold air path 11.Because the positive facial plane of server apparatus 5 seals together with filler panel 6, and front door 3 is also hermetic, has naturally just formed an airtight cold air path 11.What cold air path 11 adopted is plenum chamber principle, and cold air is pressed into server apparatus 5.Plenum chamber is an air confined chamber that keeps certain pressure, and with one or more outlets that are connected with pipeline or nozzle, in the utility model, cold air path 11 is exactly in fact a plenum chamber, by bottom air inlet mouth 9, be filled with cold wind, then airtight cold air path 11 around, by the principle of static pressure, cold air is pressed into a plurality of outlets (front end of server apparatus 5), realize the cooling-down effect of cold air to server apparatus 5.
In order to meet the basic demand of a rack 4kW refrigeration duty, stipulated to the clear spacing front door 3, must not be less than 160mm from the positive facial plane of server apparatus 5.From cold air path 11 cross-sectional areas, has 0.08m at least 2, suppose that cold air outlet wind speed 4m/s calculates, and also has 0.32m 3/ s air quantity enters in rack, by 15 ℃ of calculating of the turnover temperature difference, can bring 6.2kW cold into.Certainly consider that server effluent air temp is unbalanced, may have overheated gas and be flocked in rack and be difficult for leaving.
Described rack top board 1 middle part is provided with incoming line 12.Rack top board 1 can also add radiator fan and solve rack power problems of too.For some rack power, surpass 4kW, reach the IDC machine room of 6kW left and right, adopt lower air supply duct design, directly air-conditioning cold air is directly directly sent to the existing cold air fixed point of rack bottom air inlet cause for gossip with air channel form and sends into, thereby reach, prevent that cold air diffusion from significantly improving refrigerating efficiency.
Described Rear Door 4 is provided with a plurality of perforates 14 for ventilating.
Described air outlet 10 places are provided with temperature sensor.
Owing to being provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor in every rack, temperature sensor can be connected with air inlet adjustable plate 13, attendant can realize understanding directly perceived to the in-cabinet temperature of separate unit rack, during temperature anomaly, by air inlet adjustable plate 13, regulate air inlet 9 sizes, by Automatic Control Theory, realized cold and regulated manually or automatically, to in-cabinet temperature, can network and realize centralized monitor.
The front end of described bottom plate of machine cabinet 2 is also provided with for controlling the air inlet adjustable plate 13 of air inlet 9 sizes.
Rack air inlet 9 places are provided with air inlet adjustable plate 13, when air inlet adjustable plate 13 is opened full area minimum should >=400mm(is wide) * 350mm(is dark), its forward position is no more than 30mm apart from rack lower section frame inner side.Air inlet 9 arranges adjusting device (as slide cover), and the large I of air inlet 9 is regulated continuously between standard-sized sheet and full cut-off.Air inlet adjustable plate 13 simple operations, smooth and easy, are connected closely with frame bottom, during air inlet adjustable plate 13 contract fully, should guarantee without cooling gas leakage in rack; Air inlet 9 side frame subscripts are marked with the scale of least unit 5mm simultaneously, so that accurately calculate accurately management of air port area, realization.When air inlet adjustable plate 13 is opened entirely, area reaches 0.14m 2, suppose that cold air outlet wind speed 4m/s calculates, and namely has 0.56m 3/ s air quantity enters in rack, by 15 ℃ of calculating of the turnover temperature difference, can bring 10.8kW cold into.Certainly, in fact real bottleneck is the cold air path before server, and so many cold air cannot be carried in there.
Concrete operation step of the present utility model is: first open front door 3, server apparatus 5 and filler panel 6 are put in rack, then closed front door 3, make sealing in rack; Utilize airduct that air-conditioner air outlet is connected with the air inlet 9 of rack bottom, cold wind enters cold air duct 11 by the guiding of air inlet 9 and kuppe 8; By the hydrostatic pressure of cold air duct 11, cold wind is pressed into server apparatus 5, carry out the cooling to server apparatus 5; Gas after cold and hot exchange, by the perforate 14 on air outlet 10 or Rear Door 4, is discharged rack.At air outlet 10, go out the temperature that set temperature transducer can be measured air-out, temperature sensor is controlled air inlet adjustable plate 13 by control system, during temperature anomaly, by air inlet adjustable plate 13, regulate air inlet 9 sizes, and then the inlet of control cold wind, the control of realization to server apparatus 5 temperature, reaches the full-automatic object of processing.
The utility model raising efficiency is preferential, it is main saving investment, can also take into account equipment construction problem simultaneously, realize the object that old machine room is easily transformed, new room is easily built, the utility model provides a set of real forward-looking IDC machine room refrigeration solution, improves ease for use and the availability of IDC machine room.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit the utility model, all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. an energy conservation server machine cabinet, rack integral body is cuboid, by rack top board (1), bottom plate of machine cabinet (2), front door (3), Rear Door (4) and two side door plates (7) form, in described rack, be provided with the server apparatus (5) of placing up and down, it is characterized in that, the front end of described server apparatus (5) is provided with filler panel (6), described filler panel (6) and server apparatus (5) are alternately, described filler panel (6) couples together server apparatus (5) up and down, the top of described filler panel (6) is connected with rack top board (1), the bottom of described filler panel (6) is connected with bottom plate of machine cabinet (2) by kuppe (8), the front end of described bottom plate of machine cabinet (2) is provided with air inlet (9), described air inlet (9) is connected with air-conditioning by airduct, the locus of described air inlet (9) is positioned between kuppe (8) and front door (3), between described filler panel (6) and front door (3), be provided with cold air duct (11), the rear end of described rack top board (1) is provided with air outlet (10).
2. energy conservation server machine cabinet according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described rack top board (1) middle part is provided with incoming line (12).
3. energy conservation server machine cabinet according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Rear Door (4) is provided with a plurality of perforates (14) for ventilating.
4. energy conservation server machine cabinet according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described air outlet (10) locates to be provided with temperature sensor.
5. according to energy conservation server machine cabinet described in claim 1 to 4 any one, it is characterized in that, the front end of described bottom plate of machine cabinet (2) is also provided with for controlling the air inlet adjustable plate (13) of air inlet (9) size.
CN201420132986.3U 2014-03-21 2014-03-21 Energy-saving server cabinet Expired - Fee Related CN203734998U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420132986.3U CN203734998U (en) 2014-03-21 2014-03-21 Energy-saving server cabinet

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420132986.3U CN203734998U (en) 2014-03-21 2014-03-21 Energy-saving server cabinet

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105430999A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-23 重庆德为通信技术有限公司 Cabinet capable of self temperature regulation
CN105828580A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-03 深圳市德世科通讯科技有限公司 Combined cabinet capable of separately adjusting heat dissipation of cabinets
CN105873394A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-17 深圳市德世科通讯科技有限公司 Combined cabinet and skylight control method thereof
CN106211720A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 苏州新海宜通信科技股份有限公司 A kind of closed integrated passage of heat rack that can independently extend precisely air-supply
CN111447781A (en) * 2019-01-16 2020-07-24 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 Flow guide assembly, server system and data center
CN113438845A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-09-24 浪潮商用机器有限公司 Server cabinet with internal temperature regulation function

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105430999A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-23 重庆德为通信技术有限公司 Cabinet capable of self temperature regulation
CN105828580A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-03 深圳市德世科通讯科技有限公司 Combined cabinet capable of separately adjusting heat dissipation of cabinets
CN105873394A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-17 深圳市德世科通讯科技有限公司 Combined cabinet and skylight control method thereof
CN105828580B (en) * 2016-05-06 2018-06-26 深圳市德世科通讯科技有限公司 A kind of combined cabinet that can individually adjust cooling machine cabinet
CN106211720A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 苏州新海宜通信科技股份有限公司 A kind of closed integrated passage of heat rack that can independently extend precisely air-supply
CN111447781A (en) * 2019-01-16 2020-07-24 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 Flow guide assembly, server system and data center
CN111447781B (en) * 2019-01-16 2022-03-29 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 Flow guide assembly, server system and data center
CN113438845A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-09-24 浪潮商用机器有限公司 Server cabinet with internal temperature regulation function

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140723

Termination date: 20150321

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model