CN203731365U - Biomass steam generator - Google Patents

Biomass steam generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203731365U
CN203731365U CN 201320893763 CN201320893763U CN203731365U CN 203731365 U CN203731365 U CN 203731365U CN 201320893763 CN201320893763 CN 201320893763 CN 201320893763 U CN201320893763 U CN 201320893763U CN 203731365 U CN203731365 U CN 203731365U
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furnace
main
provided
steam
steam generator
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CN 201320893763
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Chinese (zh)
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郑文虎
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郑文虎
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Abstract

The utility model particularly relates to a biomass steam generator and belongs to the technical field of fuel equipment. The biomass steam generator comprises a main furnace, an auxiliary furnace, a feeder and an electric control system, wherein the main furnace and the auxiliary furnace are communicated through a flame communicating pipe, a water communicating pipe and a steam communicating pipe; the feeder is arranged on one side of the main furnace, and the tail end of the feeder is provided with a combustion chamber which is arranged under the main furnace; the top end of the main furnace is provided with a steam outlet, the side wall of the auxiliary furnace is provided with a water inlet and a drain outlet, and the top end of the auxiliary furnace is provided with an air intake pipe penetrating the auxiliary furnace, the inside of the combustion chamber is provided with heat exchange pipes which are communicated with the flame communication pipe, and the top of the main furnace is provided with a filtering plate. The biomass steam generator isolates superfluous water in steam through the filtering plate to reduce the moisture of the steam and further provide high-quality steam, thereby avoiding damage to human bodies due to overhigh humidity.

Description

生物质蒸汽发生器 Biomass steam generator

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型属于燃料设备技术领域,涉及一种蒸汽发生器,特指一种生物质蒸汽发生器。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of fuel apparatus, to a steam generator, in particular to a steam generator biomass.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 蒸汽发生器是利用燃料或其他能源的热能把水加热成为热水或蒸汽的机械设备,广泛应用于各种领域,如餐饮、桑拿等,为人们的生活带来了便利。 [0002] The steam generator is the use of fuel or other energy hot water heating can become hot water or steam, mechanical equipment, widely used in various fields such as catering, sauna, etc., to bring convenience to people's lives. 如今蒸汽发生器基本采用燃气加热的方式,市场常用的燃气蒸汽机均是比较机械式的,不够智能化,在安全防护方面明显不足,特别是水位控制方面和点火控制方面基本没有非常健全的安全防护,机器工作容易出现爆燃现象,轻则损坏机器,重则危害人们的身体健康以及财富。 Today, the steam generator by way of the basic gas heating, gas steam engines are commonly used market is more mechanical, less intelligent, clearly insufficient in terms of security, in particular control and ignition control of the water level is not very sound basic security , machine work prone to deflagration phenomenon, ranging from damage to the machine, while in harm people's health and wealth. 从能源消耗的角度考虑,现在已经出现生物质蒸汽发生器,以燃烧生物质燃料为主,授权公告号为CN203203013U的实用新型专利中就公开了这种生物质蒸汽发生器的技术,它解决的技术问题是,提高了蒸汽发生器的安全性,有效节约资源,提高了对生物质燃料燃烧的利用率。 From the perspective of energy consumption consider now appear biomass steam generator to burn biomass fuel-based, authorized announcement No. CN203203013U utility model patent discloses a technique in on this biomass steam generator, it solves technical problem is to improve the safety of the steam generator, the effective conservation of resources, increased biomass fuel combustion efficiency. 但是该实用新型专利在实际使用中存在所产生的蒸汽湿度过高的问题,蒸汽湿度过高,含水量大,对人体的健康会产生负面影响。 But the utility model patents exist in actual use, the problem of high humidity steam generated by the steam humidity is too high, a large water content, will have a negative impact on human health. 湿度过大时,人体中一种叫松果腺体分泌出的松果激素量也较大,使得体内甲状腺素及肾上腺素的浓度就相对降低,细胞就会“偷懒”,人就会无精打采,萎靡不振。 When the humidity is too large, the pineal gland in humans called hormone secreted by the pineal amount is also large, so that the concentration of adrenaline and thyroxine body is relatively decreased, the cell will "lazy", people will listless, dispirited. 长时间在湿度较大的地方工作、生活,还容易患湿痹症。 Work long hours in high humidity areas, life, but also prone to damp arthralgia.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型的目的是提供一种节能环保、降低蒸汽湿度的生物质蒸汽发生器。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide an energy saving, reduction of the biomass moisture vapor steam generator.

[0004] 本实用新型的目的是这样实现的:生物质蒸汽发生器,包括主炉膛、副炉膛、送料器和电控系统,其中主、副炉膛通过连火管、连水管、连汽管连通,送料器位于主炉膛的一侦U,且送料器末端设置有燃烧室,燃烧室位于主炉膛下方,主炉膛顶端设置有出汽口,副炉膛侧壁上设置有进水口和排污口,且其顶端设置有贯穿副炉膛的引风管,其中,所述燃烧室内设置有换热管,所述换热管与所述连火管连通,所述主炉膛内的顶部设置有过滤板。 [0004] The object of the present invention is achieved: biomass steam generator, includes a main furnace, the sub furnace, the feeder and electric control system, wherein the primary and secondary fire hearth through the communication pipe, and even water, even steam pipe communicating , located in the main feeder of a furnace investigation U, and the feeder terminal is provided with a combustion chamber located below the main furnace, the furnace is provided with a top of the main steam outlet, is provided on the sub-hearth and side walls sewage water inlet port and its top end is provided with a lead through the sub-duct of the furnace, wherein said combustion chamber is provided with heat exchange tubes, the heat exchange tubes connected in communication with the fire tube, the top of the furnace is provided with a main filter plate.

[0005] 据上所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其中,所述主炉膛的侧壁上设置有水位管。 [0005] According to the biomass on the steam generator, wherein a water pipe on the side wall of the main furnace.

[0006] 据上所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其中,所述主炉膛的顶端设置有安全阀。 [0006] According to the biomass on the steam generator, wherein the top of said primary furnace is provided with a safety valve.

[0007] 据上所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其中,所述主炉膛的顶端设置有压力表。 [0007] According to the biomass on the steam generator, wherein the top of said primary furnace is provided with a pressure gauge.

[0008] 据上所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其中,所述连水管位于所述主炉膛和副炉膛的底部,且具体为两根。 [0008] According to the biomass on the steam generator, wherein said connection pipe at the bottom of the main and sub-hearth furnace, and in particular to two.

[0009] 据上所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其中,所述连火管位于所述主炉膛和副炉膛的中部。 [0009] According to the biomass on the steam generator, wherein, in said main and sub-hearth furnace is connected to the central fire tube.

[0010] 据上所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其中,所述连汽管位于所述主炉膛和副炉膛的顶部,且具体为两根。 [0010] According to the biomass on the steam generator, wherein the steam tube connected at the top of the main and sub-hearth furnace, and in particular to two.

[0011] 本实用新型相比现有技术突出且有益的技术效果是:通过过滤板将蒸汽中的多余水分进行隔离,降低蒸汽的湿度,提供优质的蒸汽,避免了湿度过大对人体造成伤害;安装简便,无须请专业安装队人员安装,同时也节省了大量安装材料;所用燃料为节能环保的生物质燃料,属于节能环保的可再生资料,来源广泛,经济实惠,其运行成本是电锅炉的六分之一,是燃油锅炉的三分之一。 [0011] The present invention as compared to prior art projection and advantageous technical effects: vapor excess water by filtration plate isolation, reducing the humidity of steam to provide steam quality, avoid excessive humidity cause injury ; easy to install, no need to ask a professional installation team personnel to install, but also saves a lot of installation material; the fuel used for the energy saving of biofuels students, belonging to energy saving and renewable materials, widely available, affordable, its operating costs are electric boilers one sixth, one-third of the oil-fired boiler. 燃烧过程中无烟无尘,燃料完全燃烧后仅有少量粉末状灰分残余物,留存于集灰室,容易处理;只需要将水、电接好,按下开关键,锅炉便自动进入全自动运行状态,安全更省心。 After the non-combustion process clean, complete combustion of the fuel powder only a small amount of ash residue, retained in the ash chamber, easy to handle; only need water and power and press the key, the boiler will enter automatic run, safer and more peace of mind.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0012] 图1是本实用新型的主视示意图; [0012] Figure 1 is a schematic front view of the invention;

[0013] 图2是本实用新型的立体结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 2 is a perspective schematic structural view of the present a new type of utility.

[0014] 图中:10_主炉膛,11-副炉膛,12-连火管,13-连水管,14-连汽管,15-燃烧室,16-出汽口,17-进水口,18-排污口,19-引风管,20-换热管,21-过滤板,22-水位管,23-安全阀,24-压力表,25-送料器。 [0014] FIG.: 10_ main hearth furnace sub 11-, 12- and even fire tube, 13 even water, 14 even steam pipe, the combustion chamber 15, 16 air outlet, 17-inlet, 18 - outfall, 19- air inducing pipe, the heat transfer tubes 20, 21 filter plate, 22 water pipe, 23 safety valve, 24 pressure gauge, 25 feeder.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 下面结合附图以具体实施例对本实用新型作进一步描述,参见图1一2:生物质蒸汽发生器,包括主炉膛10、副炉膛11、送料器25和电控系统,其中主、副炉膛通过连火管12、连水管13、连汽管14连通,送料器25位于主炉膛10的一侧,且送料器25末端设置有燃烧室15,燃烧室15位于主炉膛10下方,主炉膛10顶端设置有出汽口16,副炉膛11侧壁上设置有进水口17和排污口18,且其顶端设置有贯穿副炉膛11的引风管19,其中,所述燃烧室15内设置有换热管20,所述换热管20与所述连火管12连通,燃烧室15内燃烧产生的热量,一部分加热主炉膛10内的水,另一部分通过连火管12将热量引入副炉膛11的引风管19中,对副炉膛11内的水加热,主要是为了对烟气进行余热回收,提高了对生物质燃料燃烧的利用率,有效节约资源,所述主炉膛10内的顶部设置有过滤板21,通过过滤板21 [0015] DRAWINGS The following specific examples further describe the present invention for, see Fig 1 a 2: biomass steam generator includes a main hearth 10, the sub hearth 11, feeders 25 and electric control system, wherein the master, furnace through the communication sub-fire tube 12, pipe 13 is connected, even steam pipe 14 communicating, at one side of the main feeder 25 of the furnace 10, and the feeder terminal 25 is provided with a combustion chamber 15, combustion chamber 15 is located below the main hearth 10, a main the top of the furnace 10 is provided with a steam outlet 16, side wall 11 is provided on the sub-hearth sewage water inlet 17 and outlet 18, and which is provided with a top furnace through the sub-air inducing duct 11 of 19, wherein the combustion chamber 15 is provided there are 20 heat exchange tubes, the heat exchange tubes 20 in communication with the connected fire tube 12, heat produced by combustion within the combustion chamber 15, the water within the main part of the heating furnace 10, another portion is introduced through the communication sub-heat squib 12 11 the wind furnace tube 19, the water in the sub-heating furnace 11, mainly in order to flue gas heat recovery, improved biomass fuel combustion efficiency, the effective conservation of resources, within the main hearth 10 top plate 21 is provided with a filter, the filter plate 21 by 蒸汽中的多余水分进行隔离,降低蒸汽的湿度,提供优质的蒸汽,避免了湿度过大对人体造成伤害。 The excess water vapor in isolation, reduce the humidity of steam, the steam to provide quality, avoid excessive humidity cause injury.

[0016] 进一步优化,所述主炉膛10的侧壁上设置有水位管22,实时反映炉膛内部水位情况,水位管22与电控系统连通,当水位不在正常范围内时,电控系统会发出报警信号,同时启动自动补水装置或自动排水装置,直至水位正常。 [0016] Further optimization of the main hearth 10 is provided on the side wall 22 with a water pipe, the water level inside the furnace reflected in real time, water tube 22 communicates with the electronic control system, when the water level is not within the normal range, the electronic control system will issue alarm signal, while the automatic replenishment start automatic drainage device or devices until the water level is normal.

[0017] 进一步优化,所述主炉膛10的顶端设置有安全阀23,当炉膛内的压力过高时,通过安全阀23进行泄压,确保使用安全。 [0017] Further optimization of the furnace 10 is disposed to the top of the main relief valve 23, when the pressure in the furnace is too high, a pressure relief valve 23 through, to ensure safe use.

[0018] 进一步优化,所述主炉膛10的顶端设置有压力表24,检测炉膛内的压力,确保安全。 [0018] Further optimization of the main top furnace 10 is provided with a pressure gauge 24, the pressure in the furnace is detected, to ensure safety.

[0019] 进一步优化,所述连水管13位于所述主炉膛10和副炉膛11的底部,且具体为两根,方便主、副炉膛内水的循环流动。 [0019] Further optimization of the pipe 13 is connected at the bottom of the main furnace 10 and the secondary 11 of the furnace, and in particular to two, main convenience, the sub-furnace circulating water.

[0020] 进一步优化,所述连火管12位于所述主炉膛10和副炉膛11的中部,可以保证热 [0020] Further optimization of the fire tube 12 even in the middle of the main hearth 10 and the auxiliary hearth 11, ensures heat

量福射范围最大,提闻热效率。 The maximum amount of the projection range Fu, smell mentioned thermal efficiency.

[0021] 进一步优化,所述连汽管14位于所述主炉膛10和副炉膛11的顶部,且具体为两根,提高蒸汽流通率。 [0021] Further optimization of the steam pipe 14 is connected at the top of the main sub-hearth furnace 10 and 11, and in particular two, raising steam flow rate.

[0022] 工作原理及工作过程:[0023] 使用生物质燃料燃烧,火从主炉膛10流向副炉膛11的,最后经过引风管19排除,蒸汽分别由主炉膛10和副炉膛11产生,副炉膛11的蒸汽最终流向主炉膛10,通过过滤板21将蒸汽中的多余水分进行隔离,降低蒸汽的湿度,提供优质的蒸汽,避免了湿度过大对人体造成伤害。 [0022] The working principle and the work process: [0023] biomass fuel combustion, the fire 10 flows from the main hearth sub furnace 11, and finally through the air inducing pipe 19 to exclude steam are generated by the main hearth 10 and the auxiliary hearth 11, the sub the steam flows to the main hearth 11 of the furnace 10 finally, 21 the excess water vapor in the filter plate by isolation, reducing the humidity of steam to provide steam quality, avoid excessive humidity cause injury.

[0024] 上述实施例仅为本实用新型的较佳实施例,并非依此限制本实用新型的保护范围,故:凡依本实用新型的结构、形状、原理所做的等效变化,均应涵盖于本实用新型的保护范围之内。 [0024] In the above-described embodiments are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention embodiments are not so limiting the scope of protection of the present invention, so that: where the structure under this invention, the shape, the principle of equivalent variations may be made while included within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.生物质蒸汽发生器,包括主炉膛、副炉膛、送料器和电控系统,其中主、副炉膛通过连火管、连水管、连汽管连通,送料器位于主炉膛的一侧,且送料器末端设置有燃烧室,燃烧室位于主炉膛下方,主炉膛顶端设置有出汽口,副炉膛侧壁上设置有进水口和排污口,且其顶端设置有贯穿副炉膛的引风管,其特征在于:所述燃烧室内设置有换热管,所述换热管与所述连火管连通,所述主炉膛内的顶部设置有过滤板。 1. Biomass steam generator, includes a main furnace, the sub furnace, the feeder and electric control system, wherein the primary and secondary fire hearth through the communication pipe, even pipes, steam pipes connected in communication, on one side of the main feeder of the furnace, and feeder terminal is provided with a combustion chamber located below the main furnace, the furnace is provided with a top of the main steam outlet, is provided on the sub-hearth side walls and sewage water inlet port and through which the sub-top is provided with a furnace air inducing pipe, wherein: the indoor heat exchange tubes is provided, in communication with the heat exchange tubes connected to the fire tube, the top of the furnace is provided with a main combustion of the filter plate.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其特征在于:所述主炉膛的侧壁上设置有水位管。 2. The biomass according to claim 1 of the steam generator, wherein: water is provided with a side wall of the main tube furnace.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其特征在于:所述主炉膛的顶端设置有安全阀。 3. The biomass according to claim 1 of the steam generator, wherein: the top of the main furnace is provided with a safety valve.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其特征在于:所述主炉膛的顶端设置有压力表。 Biomass according to claim steam generator of claim 1, wherein: the top of the main furnace is provided with a pressure gauge.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其特征在于:所述连水管位于所述主炉膛和副炉膛的底部,且具体为两根。 5. The biomass according to claim 1 of the steam generator, wherein: said connecting pipe at the bottom of the main and sub-hearth furnace, and in particular to two.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其特征在于:所述连火管位于所述主炉膛和副炉膛的中部。 6. The biomass according to claim 1 of the steam generator, wherein: the central fire tube connected to the main and sub-hearth furnace.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的生物质蒸汽发生器,其特征在于:所述连汽管位于所述主炉膛和副炉膛的顶部,且具体为两根。 Biomass according to claim steam generator of claim 1, wherein: said steam tube connected at the top of the main and sub-hearth furnace, and in particular to two.
CN 201320893763 2013-12-31 2013-12-31 Biomass steam generator CN203731365U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104180360A (en) * 2014-08-19 2014-12-03 灵璧县长城锅炉制造厂 Biomass steam generator
CN104373924A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-02-25 杭州天霸电子有限公司 Biomass steam generator
CN104566322A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-04-29 浙江中力工具制造有限公司 Biomass vapor generator
CN104613638A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-05-13 浙江中力工具制造有限公司 Inner container biomass boiler

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104180360A (en) * 2014-08-19 2014-12-03 灵璧县长城锅炉制造厂 Biomass steam generator
CN104373924A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-02-25 杭州天霸电子有限公司 Biomass steam generator
CN104373924B (en) * 2014-11-05 2016-08-17 杭州天霸光电科技有限公司 One kind of biomass steam generator
CN104566322A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-04-29 浙江中力工具制造有限公司 Biomass vapor generator
CN104613638A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-05-13 浙江中力工具制造有限公司 Inner container biomass boiler

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