CN203716877U - Smart oil well working device - Google Patents

Smart oil well working device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203716877U
CN203716877U CN201420099774.XU CN201420099774U CN203716877U CN 203716877 U CN203716877 U CN 203716877U CN 201420099774 U CN201420099774 U CN 201420099774U CN 203716877 U CN203716877 U CN 203716877U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rod tube
shackle
pull
oil pipe
hanger
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420099774.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王春光
熊红英
冯国栋
姜春娟
樊娜
曲立明
杨勇
席琦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Petroleum and Chemical Corp
Technology Inspection Center of Sinopec Shengli Oilfield Co
Original Assignee
China Petroleum and Chemical Corp
Technology Inspection Center of Sinopec Shengli Oilfield Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Petroleum and Chemical Corp, Technology Inspection Center of Sinopec Shengli Oilfield Co filed Critical China Petroleum and Chemical Corp
Priority to CN201420099774.XU priority Critical patent/CN203716877U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203716877U publication Critical patent/CN203716877U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a smart oil well working device which comprises a rod tube lifting mechanism, a rod tube pull mechanism, an automatic shackling device and an automatic rod tube placing mechanism, wherein the rod tube lifting mechanism, the rod tube pull mechanism and the automatic shackling device are all mounted on a system frame of a well mouth; the rod tube lifting mechanism is positioned right above the automatic shackling device; the rod tube pull mechanism is positioned at a position of a side part of the upper side of the an automatic shackling device; the automatic rod tube placing mechanism is positioned on the ground of the periphery of the well mouth; the rod tube pull mechanism is used for pushing an oil tube or an oil rod on the rod tube lifting mechanism to the automatic rod tube placing mechanism or pulling to the automatic shackling device. A hydraulic guide track is further arranged between the rod tube pull mechanism and the automatic rod tube placing mechanism. By adopting the device, less labor is needed for controlling a novel well repairing system, so that high-efficiency low-carbon working is achieved, not only are the defects of a conventional well repairing machine overcome to a great extent, but also the happening of security accidents is prevented to the maximum extent, and sanitary and safe production is achieved.

Description

A kind of intelligent well apparatus for work
Technical field
The utility model relates to workover operation device, specifically a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work.
Background technology
Traditional workover rig mostly is crawler type diesel machine, and cost is high, noise is large, have tail gas, and the maximum feature of this two classes machinery is to rely on manual operation completely, mainly comprises following link.1, manual operation throttle carries out the pulling process that rises of beam hanger (oil pipe); 2, operate by manually carrying out upper shackle; 3, by manually the beam hanger unloading (pipe) being put into assigned address.Several steps all exist in the time extracting beam hanger (pipe) and below beam hanger (pipe) operation above.Maximum feature in traditional work process is that required manpower is more, and labor strength is large, inefficiency, pollution large (comprising noise and waste gas), and potential safety hazard is compared greatly simultaneously.Can carry out upgrading to traditional well workover system so need to utilize hydraulic pressure, machine vision, automatic technology, converter technique.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work, thereby can novel well workover system realize high-efficiency low-carbon operation with less manpower control.Not only can overcome to a great extent the drawback of traditional workover rig, and can farthest prevent and treat the generation of security incident, accomplish cleaner production, safety in production.
In order to reach above-mentioned purpose, the utility model has adopted following technical scheme, a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work, comprise rod tube hoisting mechanism, rod tube push-pull mechanism, automatically upper shackle device, rod tube automatic putting mechanism, described rod tube hoisting mechanism, rod tube push-pull mechanism, automatically upper shackle device is installed on the system framework of well head, and rod tube hoisting mechanism is positioned at automatically position directly over upper shackle device, and rod tube push-pull mechanism is positioned at the position, side above automatically upper shackle device, described rod tube automatic putting mechanism is positioned at well head surrounding ground, described rod tube push-pull mechanism is pushed into the oil pipe on rod tube hoisting mechanism or beam hanger rod tube automatic putting mechanism or is pulled to automatically upper shackle device.
Described rod tube automatic putting mechanism comprises bearing support, link motion structure, and described link motion structure is arranged on the position, the left and right sides, top of bearing support, and described link motion structure drives oil pipe or beam hanger automatic putting on bogey by self moving forward and backward; Described link motion structure comprises servomotor, head sprocket, driven sprocket, chain, and described head sprocket, driven sprocket are separately positioned on bogey front and back end, and is wound around the chain of sealing, and described servomotor connects head sprocket and drives head sprocket rotation; Described link motion structure bottom is provided with hydraulic lifting mechanism, after first floor occupies on bearing support, under the effect of hydraulic lifting mechanism, drives link motion structure to rise overally, for lower one deck oil pipe or putting of beam hanger are prepared.
On described chain, be provided with locker, locker is stabilized in oil pipe or beam hanger on chain, to carry out positioning trip; The end of described bearing support is provided with vertical vertical baffle plate.
Automatically upper shackle device, comprises shackle device body, visual identity device, and described visual identity device is position sensor, and position sensor is arranged on horizontal direction one side of shackle device body; When described rod tube lifting appliance promotes oil pipe or beam hanger or transfer, position sensor detects connecing while buckleing signal of oil pipe or beam hanger, and upper shackle device body carries out upper shackle work with regard to automatically carrying out to oil pipe or beam hanger.
The upper shackle device that described automatically upper shackle device is fluid pressure type, comprises interconnective upper shackle gripping arm and hydraulic drive mechanism; Described rod tube hoisting mechanism is in the time of handling oil pipe or beam hanger, and described upper shackle device body, position sensor lay respectively at the both sides of oil pipe or beam hanger.
Between described rod tube push-pull mechanism and rod tube automatic putting mechanism, be also provided with hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism.
Described rod tube push-pull mechanism is pushed to rod tube on delivery hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism by hydraulic pressure push rod, after rod tube is clamped by the clamping body on hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism, hydraulic pressure guide rail on hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism drags at hydraulic motor under the effect of chain carries rod tube to assigned address, thereby realizes the automatic push-pull operation of oil pipe.
Also include operating desk, described operating desk is made up of controller and the display, signal acquisition module, power module, the drive circuit that are connected on controller; Signal acquisition module is by gathering rod tube hoisting mechanism, rod tube push-pull mechanism, automatically going up the relevant information of shackle device, visual identity device, rod tube automatic putting mechanism and be input to PLC, PLC judges the operation that should carry out according to these information, and operation information is sent to drive circuit, drive corresponding motor and Hydraulic Station, Hydraulic Station drives related fluid pressure motor and hydraulic stem to carry out corresponding operation.
Compared to prior art, the utlity model has following beneficial effect:
1, the amount of labour used greatly reduces, and reduces to 2 people by 5-6 people, and labour intensity greatly reduces simultaneously.
2, replace original burning diesel oil with net electricity, in conjunction with converter technique, noise reduces with polluting greatly.
3, energy conservation reaches more than 90%, has reduced the personal oil gas consumption in oil field, increases the commodity amount of oil gas.
4, simple to operate, dependable performance, easy to maintenance.
5, can meet the requirement of safety, low-carbon (LC), environment-friendly and green production completely.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of automatically going up shackle device;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of rod tube automatic putting mechanism;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of rod tube push-pull mechanism.
In figure: 1 is that rod tube hoisting mechanism, 2 is that rod tube push-pull mechanism, 3 is that system framework, 4 is that upper shackle device body, 5 hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanisms, 6 are that visual identity device, 7 is that rod tube automatic putting mechanism, 8 is that operating desk, 9 is oil pipe or beam hanger.
201, folder hook; 202, hydraulic stem; 501 is driven sprocket; 502 is chain; 503, hydraulic pressure guide rail; 504, clamping body.
701 is bearing support; 702 is chain; 703 is locker; 704 is hydraulic lifting mechanism; 705 is baffle plate; 706 is servomotor.
Detailed description of the invention
Relevant detailed description of the present utility model and technology contents, coordinate brief description of the drawings as follows, but accompanying drawing only provides the use of reference with explanation, is not used for the utility model to be limited.
As Figure 1-4, a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work, comprise rod tube hoisting mechanism 1, rod tube push-pull mechanism 2, automatically upper shackle device, rod tube automatic putting mechanism 7, described rod tube hoisting mechanism, rod tube push-pull mechanism, automatically upper shackle device is installed on the system framework 3 of well head, and rod tube hoisting mechanism is positioned at automatically position directly over upper shackle device, and rod tube push-pull mechanism is positioned at the position, side above automatically upper shackle device, described rod tube automatic putting mechanism is positioned at well head surrounding ground, described rod tube push-pull mechanism is pushed into the oil pipe on rod tube hoisting mechanism or beam hanger rod tube automatic putting mechanism or is pulled to automatically upper shackle device.Between described rod tube push-pull mechanism and rod tube automatic putting mechanism, be also provided with hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism 5.
Described rod tube automatic putting mechanism comprises bearing support 701, link motion structure, and described link motion structure is arranged on the position, the left and right sides, top of bearing support, and described link motion structure drives oil pipe or beam hanger automatic putting on bogey by self moving forward and backward; Described link motion structure comprises servomotor 706, head sprocket, driven sprocket, chain 702, and described head sprocket, driven sprocket are separately positioned on bogey front and back end, and is wound around the chain of sealing, and described servomotor connects head sprocket and drives head sprocket rotation; Described link motion structure bottom is provided with hydraulic lifting mechanism 704, after first floor occupies on bearing support, under the effect of hydraulic lifting mechanism, drives link motion structure to rise overally, for lower one deck oil pipe or putting of beam hanger are prepared.On described chain, be provided with locker 703, locker is stabilized in oil pipe or beam hanger on chain, to carry out positioning trip; The end of described bearing support is provided with vertical vertical baffle plate 705.
Automatically upper shackle device, comprises shackle device body 4, visual identity device 6, and described visual identity device is position sensor, and position sensor is arranged on horizontal direction one side of shackle device body; When described rod tube lifting appliance promotes oil pipe or beam hanger or transfer, position sensor detects connecing while buckleing signal of oil pipe or beam hanger, and upper shackle device body carries out upper shackle work with regard to automatically carrying out to oil pipe or beam hanger.The upper shackle device that described automatically upper shackle device is fluid pressure type, comprises interconnective upper shackle gripping arm and hydraulic drive mechanism; Described rod tube hoisting mechanism is in the time of handling oil pipe or beam hanger, and described upper shackle device body, position sensor lay respectively at the both sides of oil pipe or beam hanger.
Described rod tube push-pull mechanism is pushed to rod tube on delivery hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism 5 by increasing hydraulic pressure push rod, rod tube by the clamping body clamping on guide rail after, hydraulic pressure guide rail 503 drags at hydraulic motor under the effect of chain carries rod tube to assigned address.Thereby realize the automatic push-pull operation of oil pipe.Described a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work, also includes operating desk, and described operating desk is by controller, display, signal acquisition module, power module, drive circuit etc.Signal acquisition module is by gathering rod tube hoisting mechanism, rod tube push-pull mechanism, automatically going up the relevant information of shackle device, visual identity device, rod tube automatic putting mechanism and be input to PLC, PLC judges the operation that should carry out according to these information, and operation information is sent to drive circuit, drive corresponding motor and Hydraulic Station, Hydraulic Station drives related fluid pressure motor and hydraulic stem to carry out corresponding operation.
Shown in Fig. 1, first the utility model controls pulling process by operating personnel at operation bench 8, hoisting mechanism 1 is mentioned beam hanger (pipe) under the dragging of converter plant, recognized behind upper shackle position by machine vision 6, carry out upper shackle and operate by automatically going up shackle device 4, after completing, beam hanger (pipe) is lower antitheft ground under the effect of rod tube automatic push-pull mechanism 2 and hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism 5, then under the effect of ground rod tube automatic arranging apparatus 7, carry out automatic putting operation, so far, a circulation finishes.Upper boom (pipe) operates that herewith flow process is contrary.
Shown in Fig. 2, such as outwards unload pipe bar in well time, after first the utility model mentions certain position by rod tube hoisting mechanism 1 oil pipe or beam hanger 9, judged whether to put in place by position sensor 6, after putting in place, automatically go up shackle device 4 by hydraulic pressure and hold oil pipe or beam hanger 9 gold medal hoop heads tightly, realize Automated shackle operation.So far, an oil pipe unloads, and is pushed to putting position by delivery device.Start next circulation.
Shown in Fig. 3, first the utility model is put into and is dragged on chain 702 by the oil pipe of being sent here by a upper flow process, the charged work of servomotor 706, chain drive-belt is pushed to the baffle plate place of rear end under the effect of latching device 703, and the rear chain that puts in place retreats into initial position with latching device, waits for the arrival of next root oil pipe, after first floor occupies, under the effect of hydraulic lifting mechanism 704, the link chain mechanism certain altitude that rises overally, for the push-and-pull of lower one deck oil pipe is prepared.
Shown in Fig. 4, the rod tube unloading is pushed on hydraulic pressure guide rail 503 under the effect of hydraulic stem 202 and folder hook 201, rod tube slides into clamping body 504 503 times along hydraulic pressure guide rail under the effect of gravity, after being clamped by clamping body 504, sprocket wheel drives chain 502 to move down, and rod tube is transported to ground.Under the effect of ground arranging mechanism, complete the operation of putting of rod tube.While promoting rod tube, ground arranging mechanism is transported to a rod tube on hydraulic pressure guide rail 503, and after being clamped by clamping body 504, sprocket wheel drives chain 502 that rod tube is moved up, after arrival setting height(from bottom), under the effect of hydraulic stem 202 and folder hook 201, rod tube is adjusted to installation site.Next step operation has been operated by upper shackle.Thereby realize the automatic push-pull operation of oil pipe.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, non-in order to limit the scope of the claims of the present utility model, other use the equivalence of patent spirit of the present utility model to change, and all should all belong to the scope of the claims of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. an intelligent well apparatus for work, it is characterized in that, comprise rod tube hoisting mechanism, rod tube push-pull mechanism, automatically upper shackle device, rod tube automatic putting mechanism, described rod tube hoisting mechanism, rod tube push-pull mechanism, automatically upper shackle device is installed on the system framework of well head, and rod tube hoisting mechanism is positioned at automatically position directly over upper shackle device, and rod tube push-pull mechanism is positioned at the position, side above automatically upper shackle device, described rod tube automatic putting mechanism is positioned at well head surrounding ground, described rod tube push-pull mechanism is pushed into the oil pipe on rod tube hoisting mechanism or beam hanger rod tube automatic putting mechanism or is pulled to automatically upper shackle device.
2. a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described rod tube automatic putting mechanism comprises bearing support, link motion structure, described link motion structure is arranged on the position, the left and right sides, top of bearing support, and described link motion structure drives oil pipe or beam hanger automatic putting on bogey by self moving forward and backward; Described link motion structure comprises servomotor, head sprocket, driven sprocket, chain, and described head sprocket, driven sprocket are separately positioned on bogey front and back end, and is wound around the chain of sealing, and described servomotor connects head sprocket and drives head sprocket rotation; Described link motion structure bottom is provided with hydraulic lifting mechanism, after first floor occupies on bearing support, under the effect of hydraulic lifting mechanism, drives link motion structure to rise overally, for lower one deck oil pipe or putting of beam hanger are prepared.
3. a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work according to claim 2, is characterized in that, on described chain, is provided with locker, and locker is stabilized in oil pipe or beam hanger on chain, to carry out positioning trip; The end of described bearing support is provided with vertical vertical baffle plate.
4. a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, automatically go up shackle device, comprise shackle device body, visual identity device, described visual identity device is position sensor, and position sensor is arranged on horizontal direction one side of shackle device body; When described rod tube lifting appliance promotes oil pipe or beam hanger or transfer, position sensor detects connecing while buckleing signal of oil pipe or beam hanger, and upper shackle device body carries out upper shackle work with regard to automatically carrying out to oil pipe or beam hanger.
5. a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the upper shackle device that described automatically upper shackle device is fluid pressure type, comprises interconnective upper shackle gripping arm and hydraulic drive mechanism; Described rod tube hoisting mechanism is in the time of handling oil pipe or beam hanger, and described upper shackle device body, position sensor lay respectively at the both sides of oil pipe or beam hanger.
6. a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work according to claim 4, is characterized in that, between described rod tube push-pull mechanism and rod tube automatic putting mechanism, is also provided with hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism.
7. a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described rod tube push-pull mechanism is pushed to rod tube on delivery hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism by hydraulic pressure push rod, after rod tube is clamped by the clamping body on hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism, hydraulic pressure guide rail on hydraulic pressure guide rail mechanism drags at hydraulic motor under the effect of chain carries rod tube to assigned address, thereby realizes the automatic push-pull operation of oil pipe.
8. a kind of intelligent well apparatus for work according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also includes operating desk, and described operating desk is made up of controller and the display, signal acquisition module, power module, the drive circuit that are connected on controller; Signal acquisition module is by gathering rod tube hoisting mechanism, rod tube push-pull mechanism, automatically going up the relevant information of shackle device, visual identity device, rod tube automatic putting mechanism and be input to PLC, PLC judges the operation that should carry out according to these information, and operation information is sent to drive circuit, drive corresponding motor and Hydraulic Station, Hydraulic Station drives related fluid pressure motor and hydraulic stem to carry out corresponding operation.
CN201420099774.XU 2014-03-06 2014-03-06 Smart oil well working device Expired - Fee Related CN203716877U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420099774.XU CN203716877U (en) 2014-03-06 2014-03-06 Smart oil well working device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420099774.XU CN203716877U (en) 2014-03-06 2014-03-06 Smart oil well working device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203716877U true CN203716877U (en) 2014-07-16

Family

ID=51156042

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420099774.XU Expired - Fee Related CN203716877U (en) 2014-03-06 2014-03-06 Smart oil well working device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203716877U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112211573A (en) * 2020-09-04 2021-01-12 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 Processing system of drilling and repairing tubular column
CN112211573B (en) * 2020-09-04 2021-10-01 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 Processing system of drilling and repairing tubular column

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112211573A (en) * 2020-09-04 2021-01-12 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 Processing system of drilling and repairing tubular column
CN112211573B (en) * 2020-09-04 2021-10-01 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 Processing system of drilling and repairing tubular column

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GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140716

Termination date: 20150306