CN203663051U - Limb assistance resistance exerciser - Google Patents

Limb assistance resistance exerciser Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203663051U
CN203663051U CN201320868440.XU CN201320868440U CN203663051U CN 203663051 U CN203663051 U CN 203663051U CN 201320868440 U CN201320868440 U CN 201320868440U CN 203663051 U CN203663051 U CN 203663051U
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China
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shank
sides
thigh
connecting portion
underframe
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CN201320868440.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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陈小花
吴惠平
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Shenzhen Peoples Hospital
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Shenzhen Peoples Hospital
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a limb assistance resistance exerciser which comprises a bottom frame 1, a thigh support 2, a rotary shaft 3, a shank support 4, sliding wheels 42, an L-shaped pedal 44 and a draw mechanism 5. The bottom frame 1 is a rectangular base frame. Chutes 11 enabling the sliding wheels 42 to move are formed in the long edges of the two sides of the bottom frame 1. The bottom frame 1 is hinged to one end of the thigh support 2, the other end of the thigh support 2 and one end of the shank support 4 are hinged to the portion of the rotary shaft 3, and the other end of the shank support is provided with the sliding wheels 42 moving in the chutes 11 of the bottom frame 1. The draw mechanism 5 used for being pulled by a user by the hands is arranged on the thigh support 2. The L-shaped pedal 44 capable of adjusting the distance between the shank support 4 and the rotary shaft 3 is detachably installed on the shank support 4. Compared with the prior art, the limb assistance resistance exerciser which is simple in structure, low in price, convenient to use and capable of allowing the limbs to do passive exercise, active assisting exercise and active adjustable assistance exercise is provided for a patient with the requirement.

Description

A kind of limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument
Technical field
The extremity that this utility model relates to a kind of human body carry out the limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument that limb functional recover is used.
Background technology
Oneself is developed modern orthopedic rehabilitation technical method in multiple fields.At present, oneself is through generally using cpm (ContinuousPassiveMotion, etc. CPM) apparatus carries out rehabilitation training to having carried out the patient after operation on joint, because this exercising way is a kind of passive exercise, early stage application in rehabilitation training is relatively good, be unfavorable for the recovery of limb function at middle and advanced stage, and price extremely costliness also need driven by power, be not easy to patient use.
Also the exercise instrument that has occurred not needing hot line job in prior art, only needs user active operation, just can perform physical exercise, but exercise instrument size is not easy to regulate, and can not meet different patients' instructions for use.And exercise instrument complex structure, production cost is high, is also not easy to patient and uses, and especially, for the weaker patient of health after operation, uses more difficult.The exercising way of the exercise instrument of prior art is a kind of initiatively power-assisted mode, use exercise instrument mechanism, drive lower limb to realize flexing stretching, being conducive to knee joint function recovers, but can not provide resistance intensity to train to increase skeletal muscle strength, such exercising way is suitable for patient's early rehabilitation, for patient's middle and late stage rehabilitation, be unfavorable for comprehensive recovery of limb function, can not meet the exercise needs of patient in the different rehabilitation stage.Such exercising way can only be tempered patient's lower limb, can not be used for taking exercise upper limb, has in the use certain limitation.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of simple in structure, cheap, easy to use, limbs training instrument that extremity move simultaneously.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme adopting is to provide a kind of limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument, comprises underframe, thigh support frame, turning cylinder, little leg support, pulley, L shaped pedal and draw-off mechanism; Described underframe is rectangular bedframe, and in underframe both sides, long limit is provided with the chute that can supply pulley motion; One end of described underframe and thigh support frame is hinged, and the other end of thigh support frame and one end of little leg support are articulated with turning cylinder place, and the other end of little leg support is provided with the pulley moving in underframe chute; Described thigh support frame is provided with the draw-off mechanism for staff tractive; Scalable and the turning cylinder L shaped pedal apart from length is removably housed on described little leg support.
Further, described thigh support frame is made up of thigh pole and thigh pressure pin, and thigh pole lays respectively at the both sides of thigh support frame, and thigh pressure pin is connecting the thigh pole of both sides near turning cylinder place; Described little leg support is made up of shank pole and shank pressure pin, and shank pole lays respectively at the both sides of little leg support, and shank pressure pin is connecting the shank pole of both sides near turning cylinder place.
Further, described underframe be provided with near minor face one side at shank support place can be fixing with bed link.
Further, described L shaped pedal is made up of riser and transverse slat, and the cross section after riser is connected with transverse slat is L shaped; Described riser is rectangular framework, is connected with straight-bar in the middle of framework; Described transverse slat is rectangular framework, is connected with straight-bar in the middle of framework, and transverse slat is set in the both sides pole of little leg support and above also can slides along it; The both sides of described L shaped pedal are respectively provided with a pedal railing between riser and transverse slat.
Further, described little leg support is removably being equipped with scalable and the turning cylinder shank support plate apart from length near turning cylinder place; Described shank support plate is rectangular framework, is connected with straight-bar in the middle of framework, and shank support plate is set in the both sides pole of little leg support and above also can slides along it; The both sides of described shank support plate are provided with railing.
Further, described draw-off mechanism is made up of the strainer with through hole and the handle of rope form parts, scalable rope form parts length, strainer is connecting one end and the handle of rope form parts, and described thigh support frame is provided with the thigh support frame connecting portion of the other end that connects rope form parts near turning cylinder place.
Further, described little leg support is being provided with crossbeam near the shank support upper end at pulley place; Described underframe is provided with multiple the first connecting portions that connect the first elasticity rope form parts in the minor face inner side near thigh support frame place, and the bottom of described crossbeam is provided with multiple the second connecting portions that are used in conjunction with the first connecting portion; The both sides, upper end of described crossbeam are respectively equipped with the 3rd connecting portion that can connect the second elasticity rope form parts, and described underframe is respectively equipped with at the lateral surface on long limit, the both sides near shank support place the 4th connecting portion being used in conjunction with the 3rd connecting portion.
Further, between the first connecting portion of described underframe minor face inner side and the second connecting portion of crossbeam bottom, be connected with the first elasticity rope form parts; Or, between the 4th connecting portion in outside, the long limit of the 3rd connecting portion of both sides, described crossbeam upper end and shank support, be connected with the second elasticity rope form parts; Or, between the first connecting portion of described underframe minor face inner side and the second connecting portion of crossbeam bottom, be connected with the first elasticity rope form parts, between the 4th connecting portion in outside, the long limit of the 3rd connecting portion of both sides, described crossbeam upper end and shank support, be connected with the second elasticity rope form parts.
Further, in the both sides chute of described underframe, be provided with fixing firm piece; Described underframe is equipped with the movably limited block being set on long limit, underframe both sides, and the lateral surface on long limit, underframe both sides is carved with the limited block position scale of the corresponding knee joint bending number of degrees.
Further, the transverse slat of described L shaped pedal is respectively equipped with through hole with the both sides that shank support contacts, and through hole end is connecting the nut that the large footpath of internal thread hole equates with through-hole diameter, and nut coordinates with tommyhead bolt; Described shank support plate is respectively equipped with through hole with the both sides that shank support contacts, and is connecting the nut that the large footpath of internal thread hole equates with through-hole diameter in through hole end, and nut coordinates with tommyhead bolt.
Compared with prior art, limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument of the present utility model, comprises underframe, thigh support frame, little leg support, turning cylinder, pulley, L shaped pedal, shank support plate and draw-off mechanism, simple in structure, and low cost of manufacture, reduce widely Rehabilitation expense.And patient only need pull draw-off mechanism to health direction with hands, thigh support frame and little leg support will rise, shank will flexing, while loosing one's grip, thigh support frame and little leg support will fall, and shank will stretch naturally, and such one draws in a pine, shank will synchronously carry out flexing stretching with the rising of little leg support and whereabouts along with thigh support frame, easy to use.When exercise, pull with hand when draw-off mechanism drives shank to carry out flexing stretching and can make extremity move simultaneously, can effectively temper extremity.
Further, by regulating the distance between L shaped pedal, shank support plate and turning cylinder, patient can regulate the use size of exercise instrument to meet different needs easily.Simultaneously, utilize limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument, limbs also can do passive exercise, initiatively power-assisted is taken exercise and initiatively adjustable resistance exercise, patient is by operation draw-off mechanism, utilize the cooperation of elasticity rope form parts, speed, frequency, the knee-sprung angle of independent and flexible ground controlled motion and different exercise intensities is reasonably set, can meet the limbs of patient needs in different rehabilitation stages.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is the axonometric chart that keeps flat of this utility model the first embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the initiative exercise mode axonometric chart of this utility model the first embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the passive exercise mode axonometric chart of this utility model the first embodiment.
Fig. 4 is the axonometric chart of this utility model the second embodiment.
Fig. 5 is the axonometric chart of the third embodiment of this utility model.
Fig. 6 is the axonometric chart of the 4th kind of embodiment of this utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, described limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument comprises underframe 1, thigh support frame 2, turning cylinder 3, shank support 4, pulley 42, L shaped pedal 44, shank support plate 45 and draw-off mechanism 5 to the first embodiment of limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument of the present utility model.
Described underframe 1 is rectangular bedframe, can be formed by commercially available square tubes soldering, is provided with the chute 11 that can move for pulley 42 in front, long limit, underframe 1 both sides.Described thigh support frame 2 is made up of thigh pole and thigh pressure pin 21, and thigh pole lays respectively at the both sides of thigh support frame 2, and thigh pressure pin 21 is connecting the thigh pole of both sides.Described shank support 4 is made up of shank pole and shank pressure pin 41, and shank pole lays respectively at the both sides of shank support 4, and shank pressure pin 41 is connecting the shank pole of both sides.Described underframe 1 is hinged with one end of the both sides pole of thigh support frame 2, one end of the other end of the both sides pole of thigh support frame 2 and the both sides pole of shank support 4 is hinged in turning cylinder 3 places, shank support 4 the other end of both sides pole be equipped with can be at the pulley 42 of 11 li of motions of underframe chute.Shank support 4 is equipped with L shaped pedal 44, and on thigh support frame 2, being provided with can be for the draw-off mechanism 5 of staff tractive.Described limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument is simple in structure, cheap, easy to use.
When use, patient's foot is placed on L shaped pedal 44, and shank is placed on shank support 4, and knee joint is at turning cylinder 3 places, thigh is placed on thigh support frame 2, at this moment only need pull draw-off mechanism to health direction, make thigh support frame 2 realize the rotation with underframe 1 hinged place around thigh support frame 2, thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4 will rise, shank will flexing, while loosing one's grip, thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4 will fall, and shank will stretch naturally.Such one draws in a pine, and shank will synchronously carry out flexing stretching with the rising of shank support 4 and whereabouts along with thigh support frame 2, thereby is taken exercise.
In the process of utilizing limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument to take exercise, patient's shank is placed on shank support 4, and knee joint is at turning cylinder 3 places, and thigh is placed on thigh support frame 2.In the time that shank carries out flexing stretching, knee joint can make patient not feel well with contacting of turning cylinder 3.And described thigh support frame 2 is made up of thigh pole and thigh pressure pin 21, thigh pressure pin 21 is connecting the thigh pole of both sides, and 4, described shank support is made up of shank pole and shank pressure pin 41, and shank pressure pin 41 is connecting the shank pole of both sides.In order to reduce contacting of knee joint and turning cylinder 3, improve the comfort of taking exercise, described large leg support 21 is arranged near turning cylinder 3 places, and described shank bracket 41 is arranged near turning cylinder 3 places.So in use, thigh will be against large leg support 21, and shank will be against shank bracket 41, in exercise, can reduce contacting of knee joint and turning cylinder 3, increases patient's comfort in use.According to actual service condition, preferred version is, the large leg support 21 that is connecting both sides thigh pole is two pipes, and the shank bracket 41 that is connecting both sides shank pole is a pipe, and when patient takes exercise like this, comfort level is higher.
In the time using limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument to perform physical exercise, exercise instrument likely can be shifted, and affects patient's result of use, so need to fixedly make it not be shifted in limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument.Described underframe 1 be provided with near minor face one side of shank support 4 can be fixing with bed link 12, link 12 is rectangular framework, can be formed by commercially available square tubes soldering, the long side weld of link 12 is connected in minor face one side of underframe 1, in order to strengthen the fixing of link 12 and bed, the length direction straight-bar parallel with framework minor face is set in the framework of link 12.When use, by limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument, put in bed, the framework of link 12, straight-bar are fixedly connected with bedstead with restriction rope, so just can realize the fixing of limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument and lathe bed, thereby ensure that whole equipment can moving influence serviceability in the time taking exercise.In reality, the bed major part that hospital or family are used is with bed head frame, tailstock frame, in the time using described limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument, can the framework of link 12, straight-bar be fixedly connected with bed head frame or tailstock frame with rope.There is no the bed of bed head frame or tailstock frame for part, can the framework of link 12 be fixedly connected with cabinet base with slightly long rope, so can realize the fixing of limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument and lathe bed yet.
The size of exercise instrument use the patient of limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument to have different height, so need to be convenient to regulate to satisfy the demand.Be arranged on L shaped pedal 44 on little leg support and can regulate and the distance of turning cylinder 3, described L shaped pedal 44 be made up of riser 441 and the transverse slat 442 that can slide along shank support, and the cross section after perpendicular 441 plates are connected with transverse slat 442 is L shaped.Riser 441 is rectangular framework, can be formed by commercially available square tubes soldering, in the middle of framework, be connected with straight-bar, transverse slat 442 is also rectangular framework, also can be formed by commercially available square tubes soldering, in the middle of framework, be connected with straight-bar, transverse slat 442 both sides are provided with the groove matching with the both sides pole of shank support 2, and the both sides pole that transverse slat 442 is set in little leg support by groove above also can be slided along it.
In order to make L shaped pedal 44 can regulate easily the distance of itself and turning cylinder 3, transverse slat 442 at described L shaped pedal 44 is respectively equipped with through hole with the both sides that shank support 4 contacts, the nut that the large footpath of internal thread hole equates with through-hole diameter is being welded in through hole end, and nut can coordinate with tommyhead bolt.By rotating tommyhead bolt, tommyhead bolt lower end is contacted with corresponding support through nut with after through hole, and support is applied to active force, so just can realize being fixedly connected with of L shaped pedal 44 and shank support 4.Need to regulate the distance of L shaped pedal 44 and turning cylinder 3 time, can rotate tommyhead bolt, its lower end is no longer contacted with support, so just can remove being fixedly connected with of L shaped pedal 44 and shank support 4.The distance length that so just can regulate easily by mobile L shaped pedal 44 L shaped pedal 44 and turning cylinder 3, meets different patients' user demand.
In addition, the both sides of L shaped pedal 44 are respectively provided with a pedal railing 443 between riser 441 and transverse slat 442, and in the time taking exercise, patient foot is just not easy landing from L shaped pedal 44 like this.And be provided with after pedal railing 443, can increase the steadiness of L shaped pedal 44, make it be not easy distortion, and pedal railing 443 also play the effect of handle, in the time regulating the distance of L shaped pedal 44 and turning cylinder 3, be convenient to mobile L shaped pedal 44.
Further, in order to make patient more comfortable, shank support plate 45 can be installed on shank support 4.Patient's shank can be placed on above shank support plate 45 like this, and by reasonably regulating the distance of shank support plate 45 and turning cylinder 3, the weight of patient's shank is born by shank support plate 45, and patient will be more comfortable.Described shank support plate 45 is arranged on close turning cylinder 3 places on shank support 4, and described shank support plate 45 is rectangular framework, can be formed by commercially available square tubes soldering, is connected with straight-bar in the middle of framework.Shank support plate 45 both sides are provided with the groove matching with the both sides pole of shank support 4, the both sides pole that shank support plate 45 is set in little leg support by groove above also can be slided along it, can regulate according to different patients' shank length the distance of shank support plate 45 and turning cylinder 3.
In order to make shank support plate 45 can regulate easily the distance of itself and turning cylinder 3, be respectively equipped with through hole at described shank support plate 45 with the both sides that shank support 4 contacts, connecting the nut that the large footpath of internal thread hole equates with through-hole diameter in through hole end, nut coordinates with tommyhead bolt.By rotating tommyhead bolt, tommyhead bolt lower end is contacted with corresponding support through nut with after through hole, and support is applied to active force, so just can realize being fixedly connected with of shank bracket 45 and shank support 4.Need to regulate the distance of shank bracket 45 and turning cylinder 3 time, can rotate tommyhead bolt, its lower end is no longer contacted with support, so just can remove being fixedly connected with of shank bracket 45 and shank support 4.In addition, the both sides of described shank support plate 45 are also provided with railing 451, in use, can prevent the landing of shank, and can play the effect of handle, in the time regulating the distance of shank support plate 45 and turning cylinder 3, are convenient to mobile shank support plate 45.
Described draw-off mechanism 5 is made up of the strainer 52 with through hole 521 and the handle 53 of rope form parts 51, scalable rope form parts 51 length, strainer 52 is connecting one end and the handle 53 of rope form parts 51, the other end of rope form parts 51 is connected to thigh support frame 4 near turning cylinder 3 places, like this when taking exercise with draw-off mechanism 5, just can relatively save the strength, being applicable to weak patient uses, also can do passive exercise time, with connecting after the handle of both sides through through hole 521, facilitate assistance personnel's use.The length of rope form parts 51 can regulate to meet by strainer 52 different users's demand.Described thigh support frame 4 is provided with the thigh support frame connecting portion 22 of the other end that connects rope form parts 51 near turning cylinder 3 places, utilize thigh support frame connecting portion 22, and thigh support frame 4 and rope form parts 51 can link together easily, easy to use.Thigh support frame connecting portion 22 can be other conventional connector in hook, link or prior art, as long as can mount elasticity rope form parts 51.
While doing initiative exercise, as shown in Figure 2, patient can drive thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4 to move and upwards lift to health direction by direct pull draw-off mechanism 5, shank flexing, while loosing one's grip, due to the action of gravity of self, thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4 will fall, shank stretches, and lower limb do flexing stretching.While doing lower limb passive exercise, can pull draw-off mechanism 5 by assistance personnel help.While doing extremity passive exercise, as shown in Figure 3, both hands can be inserted in to handle, and in order to long rod through the through hole 521 of strainer 52, lift long rod by assistance personnel, thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4 rise, extremity can carry out passive curvature movement, put down long rod, thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4 will fall, and extremity can carry out passive stretching.
Because chute 11 is thinner, underframe 1 will be unstable, and easily distortion is provided with fixing firm piece 15 in the both sides of described underframe 1 chute 11.Can increase the stability of underframe 1 by be provided with fixing firm piece 15 in chute 11.And in the time that thigh support frame 2 falls with shank support 4, can drop to 11 li of chutes completely, the support being horizontal will need very great strength ability pull-up, so be provided with fixing firm piece 15 in both sides chute 11, thigh support frame 2 be can also limit and 11 li of chutes, so just pull-up easily dropped to completely with shank support 4.
In the time using limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument to take exercise, utilize draw-off mechanism 5, drive shank support 4 and thigh support frame 2 rise and fall, make patient's lower limb realize flexing stretching, play train on.But in exercise process, often, owing to using excessive strength to pull draw-off mechanism 5, make to rise so high on shank support 4 and thigh support frame 2, thereby knee joint bending angle is excessive, shank hyperflexion, can cause harmful effect to patient on the contrary.Therefore, long limit in described underframe 1 both sides is arranged with respectively movably limited block 16, the block that described limited block 16 is cuboid, limited block 16 bottoms are provided with the groove coordinating with long limit, underframe 1 both sides, and pot life position piece 16 is set on the long limit of underframe 1 by groove.In the time that limited block 16 is moved to a certain position, can be fixed in this position to play the position of restriction shank support 4, in case shank support 4 rises so high with on thigh support frame 2, patient is caused to harmful effect.For convenient mobile and fixing limited block 16, the lateral surface tactile at described limited block 16 and the underframe 1 long edge joint in both sides is respectively equipped with through hole, connecting the nut that the large footpath of internal thread hole equates with through-hole diameter in through hole end, and nut coordinates with tommyhead bolt.By rotating tommyhead bolt, tommyhead bolt lower end contact with the long limit of underframe 1 lateral surface through nut with after through hole, and the long limit of underframe 1 is applied to active force, so just can realize being fixedly connected with of limited block 16 and underframe 1 length limit.Need to regulate the position of limited block 16 on the long limit of underframe 1 time, can rotate tommyhead bolt, its lower end no longer contact with underframe 1 long limit lateral surface, so just can remove limited block and grow being fixedly connected with of limit with underframe 1, it is moved.
In addition, in order rationally to regulate patient's knee joint bending angle, be carved with limited block 16 position scales of the corresponding knee joint bending number of degrees at the lateral surface on long limit, described underframe 1 both sides, use needs with the difference that meets patient.So only limited block 16 need to be moved to relevant position fixing, just can limit the position of the medium and small leg support 4 of use procedure, thereby realize different knee joint bending angles.
Shank support 4 is also being provided with crossbeam 43 near shank support 4 upper ends at pulley place, can increase like this stability of shank support 4, be not easy in use to produce distortion, cause interference in order to prevent that crossbeam 43 from falling to moving to the rising of shank support 4, crossbeam 43 need to be arranged on the upper end of shank support 4, so just can not affect the motion of shank support 4.
Described underframe 1 is provided with multiple the first connecting portions 13 that connect the first elasticity rope form parts 6 in the minor face inner side near thigh support frame 2 places, and meanwhile, the bottom of crossbeam 43 is provided with multiple the second connecting portions 431 that are used in conjunction with the first connecting portion 13.The both sides, upper end of described crossbeam 43 are respectively equipped with the 3rd connecting portion 432 that can connect the second elasticity rope form parts 7, and meanwhile, underframe 1 is respectively equipped with at the lateral surface on long limit, the both sides near shank support 4 places the 4th connecting portion 14 being used in conjunction with the 3rd connecting portion 432.Connecting portion can be other conventional connecting portion in hook, link or prior art, as long as can mount elasticity rope form parts.So just can, according to user demand, on limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument, elasticity rope form parts be set easily, resistive exercise is provided.
Fig. 4 shows the second embodiment of the present utility model, be with the difference of the first embodiment, utilize connecting portion between described underframe 1 is near the minor face of thigh support frame 2 and the crossbeam 43 of shank support 4, to be connected with the first elasticity rope form parts 6, this is the exercise intensity in order to increase lower limb.Now, can utilize the first connecting portion 13 of underframe 1 minor face inner side to be connected the first elasticity rope form parts 6 with the second connecting portion 431 of crossbeam 43 bottoms.Like this in the time loosing one's grip, shank support 4 and thigh support frame 2 just can not rely on self gravitation naturally to fall, need patient firmly to go to pedal, so just can make shank support 4 and thigh support frame 2 fall, just tensible of shank, can increase lower limb exercise intensity like this, for there being the patient who needs, increase the output of human body power by overcoming resistance, improve neuromuscular system activity, strength ability is improved.Can also, according to patient's self health, connect the elasticity rope form parts of fair amount, applicable resistance is set, to meet different patients' need of exercise.
Fig. 5 shows the third embodiment of the present utility model, be with the difference of the first embodiment, utilize connecting portion between the outside, long limit near shank support 4, to be connected with the second elasticity rope form parts 7 at the crossbeam 43 of described shank support 4 and underframe 1, this is the exercise intensity in order to increase upper limb.Now, can utilize the 3rd connecting portion 432 of crossbeam 43 both sides, upper end to be connected the second elasticity rope form parts 7 with the 4th connecting portion 14 in outside, the long limit of shank support 4.Like this in tractive limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument, can increase resistance, need to firmly pull draw-off mechanism 5 just can make shank support 4 and thigh support frame 2 increase, increase upper limb exercise intensity, for there being the patient who needs, increase the output of human body power by overcoming resistance, improve neuromuscular system activity, strength ability is improved.
Fig. 6 shows the 4th kind of embodiment of the present utility model, be with the difference of the first embodiment, utilize connecting portion to be connected with the first elasticity rope form parts 6 between the first connecting portion 13 of described underframe 1 minor face inner side and the second connecting portion 431 of crossbeam 43 bottoms, between the 4th connecting portion 14 in outside, the long limit of the 3rd connecting portion 432 of described crossbeam 43 both sides, upper end and shank support, be connected with the second elasticity rope form parts 7 simultaneously
This is the exercise intensity in order to increase extremity simultaneously.In the time that patient takes exercise, need to firmly pull draw-off mechanism 5 like this, drive shank flexing, thereby can increase resistance, increase upper limb exercise intensity.And loose one's grip gaskin support 4 and thigh support frame 2 can not rely on deadweight to fall, need to firmly remove to pedal L shaped pedal 44 just can make shank support 4 and thigh support frame 2 fall, just tensible of shank, can increase lower limb exercise intensity like this.
The rope form parts 51 of the draw-off mechanism 5 on described thigh support frame 2 also can require to select to have elastic rope form parts according to exercise intensity, can be that spring can be also tool rope springy, can increase so the suffered resistance of upper limb while exercise, rationally temper upper limb.
For the patient of general paralysis, owing to cannot oneself pulling draw-off mechanism 5, therefore need to assistance personnel help carry out passive exercise.In the time that it need to carry out the passive exercise of lower limb, can pull draw-off mechanism 5 by assistance personnel help, patient's shank will carry out passive flexing extension exercise like this.In the time that it need to carry out the passive exercise of extremity, both hands can be inserted in to handle 53, and connect the handle 53 of both hands with long rod through through hole 521, lift long rod by assistance personnel, extremity can carry out passive curvature movement, put down long rod, and extremity can carry out passive stretching.
For the patient who needs initiative exercise lower limb, the rope form parts 51 of draw-off mechanism 5 are nonelastic rope form parts, so just can pull easily draw-off mechanism 5.For postoperative weaker patient, do not need to arrange any elasticity rope form parts, when use, only need pull draw-off mechanism 5 to health direction, just can drive easily thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4 to rise, shank will flexing, while loosing one's grip, thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4 will rely on the gravity fall of self, and shank will stretch naturally.Such one draws in a pine, and shank will synchronously carry out flexing stretching with the rising of shank support 4 and whereabouts along with thigh support frame 2, thereby is taken exercise.
For the patient in different rehabilitation stage, can temper according to it needs of lower limb, reasonably between the first connecting portion 13 of underframe 1 and the second connecting portion 431 of crossbeam 43, the first elasticity rope form parts 6 are set, the first elasticity rope form parts 6 can be spring or pulling force rope, the resistance that regulates shank to be subject in the time taking exercise.After between crossbeam 43 and the connecting portion of underframe 1, setting has elastic rope form parts, when use, pull draw-off mechanism 5 to health direction, thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4 will rise, shank will flexing, but while loosing one's grip, due to the traction action of elasticity rope form parts, thigh support frame 2 can be because the gravity of self is former thereby whereabouts naturally with shank support 4, at this moment just need patient to remove to step on L shaped pedal 44 by certain strength, thereby shank support 4 is fallen with thigh support frame 2, so just can utilize resistance to remove to take exercise patient's lower limb.Can be according to patient's lower-limb muscular strength recovery extent, utilize the elasticity rope form parts of fair amount, different resistances is set.
For the patient who needs initiative exercise upper limb, crossbeam 43 both sides, upper end are respectively equipped with the 3rd connecting portion 432, the outside, long limit of underframe 1 both sides is respectively equipped with the 4th connecting portion 14, the two ends of the second elasticity rope form parts 7 are hung on the 3rd connecting portion 432 and the 4th connecting portion 14, the second elasticity rope form parts 7 can be spring or pulling force rope, the resistance that regulates upper limb to be subject in the time taking exercise.Need to firmly pull draw-off mechanism 5, just can make shank support 4 increase with thigh support frame 2, thereby can increase the resistance that upper limb is subject to, increase upper limb exercise intensity.In addition, rope form parts that can draw-off mechanism 5 are set to have elastic rope form parts, in the time pulling support to rise, can increase the suffered resistance of upper limb like this.
In addition, between the first connecting portion 13 of underframe 1 and the second connecting portion 431 of crossbeam 43, the first elasticity rope form parts 6 are set, can between the 3rd connecting portion 432 of crossbeam 43 and the 4th connecting portion 14 of underframe 1, the first elasticity rope form parts 7 be also set simultaneously.Patient just can carry out resistance exercise initiatively to its extremity simultaneously like this, need firmly to pull draw-off mechanism 5 to health direction, just can drive the rising of thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4, make lower limb flexing, after loosing one's grip, need to firmly remove to pedal L shaped pedal 44, just can make thigh support frame 2 and shank support 4 fall, lower limb are stretched.
Limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument of the present utility model can select to do passive exercise according to patient's practical situation, initiatively power-assisted is taken exercise or initiatively adjustable resistance exercise.For the patient of general paralysis, owing to cannot oneself pulling draw-off mechanism 5, can carry out passive exercise by assistance personnel help.For postoperative weaker patient, can oneself pull draw-off mechanism 5, drive shank to carry out flexing stretching, so just can pass through draw-off mechanism 5, patient can oneself carry out active power-assisted and take exercise.For the patient that need to temper lower limb, according to patient's lower-limb muscular strength recovery extent, can utilize the first elasticity rope form parts 6, corresponding resistance is set, meet patient's rehabilitation needs.For the patient that need to temper upper limb, according to patient's upper limb Myodynamia recovery degree, can utilize the second elasticity rope form parts 7, resistance is set, meet patient's rehabilitation needs.Can also utilize the first elasticity rope form parts 6 and the second elasticity rope form parts 7 to carry out active drag exercise to extremity simultaneously.

Claims (10)

1. a limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument, is characterized in that, comprises underframe (1), thigh support frame (2), turning cylinder (3), little leg support (4), pulley (42), L shaped pedal (44) and draw-off mechanism (5); Described underframe (1) is rectangular bedframe, and in underframe (1) both sides, long limit is provided with the chute (11) that can supply pulley (42) motion; Described underframe (1) is hinged with one end of thigh support frame (2), one end of the other end of thigh support frame (2) and little leg support (4) is articulated with turning cylinder (3) and locates, and the other end of little leg support (4) is provided with the pulley (42) in the inner motion of underframe (1) chute (11); Described thigh support frame (2) is provided with the draw-off mechanism (5) for staff tractive; Scalable and turning cylinder (3) the L shaped pedal (44) apart from length is removably housed on described little leg support (4).
2. limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described thigh support frame (2) is made up of thigh pole and thigh pressure pin (21), thigh pole lays respectively at the both sides of thigh support frame (2), and thigh pressure pin (21) is locating connecting the thigh pole of both sides near turning cylinder (3); Described little leg support (4) is made up of shank pole and shank pressure pin (41), and shank pole lays respectively at the both sides of little leg support (2), and shank pressure pin (41) is locating connecting the shank pole of both sides near turning cylinder (3).
3. limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument according to claim 1, is characterized in that, minor face one side that described underframe (1) is located at close little leg support (4) is provided with link (12) that can be fixing with bed.
4. limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described L shaped pedal (44) is made up of riser (441) and transverse slat (442), and the cross section after riser (441) is connected with transverse slat (442) is L shaped; Described riser (441) is rectangular framework, is connected with straight-bar in the middle of framework; Described transverse slat (442) is rectangular framework, is connected with straight-bar in the middle of framework, and transverse slat (442) is set in the both sides pole of little leg support (4) and above also can slides along it; The both sides of described L shaped pedal (44) are respectively provided with a pedal railing (443) between riser (441) and transverse slat (442).
5. according to the limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument described in claim 1-4 any one, it is characterized in that, described little leg support (4) is locating to be removably equipped with scalable and turning cylinder (3) shank support plate (45) apart from length near turning cylinder (3); Described shank support plate (45) is rectangular framework, is connected with straight-bar in the middle of framework, and shank support plate (45) is set in the both sides pole of little leg support (4) and above also can slides along it; The both sides of described shank support plate (45) are provided with railing (451).
6. limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described draw-off mechanism (5) is made up of the strainer with through hole (521) (52) and the handle (53) of rope form parts (51), scalable rope form parts (51) length, strainer (52) is connecting one end and the handle (53) of rope form parts (51), and described thigh support frame (2) locates to be provided with the thigh support frame connecting portion (22) of the other end that connects rope form parts (51) near turning cylinder (3).
7. limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described little leg support (4) is provided with crossbeam (43) in little leg support (4) upper end of locating near pulley (42);
Described underframe (1) is provided with multiple the first connecting portions (13) that connect the first elasticity rope form parts (6) in the minor face inner side of locating near thigh support frame (2), and the bottom of described crossbeam (43) is provided with multiple the second connecting portions (431) that are used in conjunction with the first connecting portion (13);
The both sides, upper end of described crossbeam (43) are respectively equipped with the 3rd connecting portion (432) that can connect the second elasticity rope form parts (7), and described underframe (1) is respectively equipped with at the lateral surface on long limit, the both sides of locating near little leg support (4) the 4th connecting portion (14) being used in conjunction with the 3rd connecting portion (432).
8. limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument according to claim 7, is characterized in that,
Between second connecting portion (431) of first connecting portion (13) of described underframe (1) minor face inner side and crossbeam (43) bottom, be connected with the first elasticity rope form parts (6);
Or, between the 4th connecting portion (14) in outside, the long limit of the 3rd connecting portion (432) of described crossbeam (43) both sides, upper end and little leg support (4), be connected with the second elasticity rope form parts (7);
Or, between second connecting portion (431) of first connecting portion (13) of described underframe (1) minor face inner side and crossbeam (43) bottom, be connected with the first elasticity rope form parts (6), between the 4th connecting portion (14) in outside, the long limit of the 3rd connecting portion (432) of described crossbeam (43) both sides, upper end and little leg support (4), be connected with the second elasticity rope form parts (7).
9. limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
In the both sides chute (11) of described underframe (1), be provided with fixing firm piece (15);
Described underframe (1) is equipped with the movably limited block (16) being set on long limit, underframe (1) both sides, and the lateral surface on long limit, underframe (1) both sides is carved with limited block (16) position scale of the corresponding knee joint bending number of degrees.
10. limbs power-assisted resistance exercise instrument according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, the transverse slat (442) of described L shaped pedal (44) is respectively equipped with through hole with the both sides that little leg support (4) contacts, through hole end is connecting the nut that the large footpath of internal thread hole equates with through-hole diameter, and nut coordinates with tommyhead bolt; Described shank support plate (45) is respectively equipped with through hole with the both sides that little leg support (4) contacts, and is connecting the nut that the large footpath of internal thread hole equates with through-hole diameter in through hole end, and nut coordinates with tommyhead bolt.
CN201320868440.XU 2013-12-26 2013-12-26 Limb assistance resistance exerciser Withdrawn - After Issue CN203663051U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103720572A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-16 深圳市人民医院 Limb-assist resistance exercise instrument
CN104127294A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-11-05 刘远杰 Upper limb recovering training machine for neurology department
CN111228082A (en) * 2020-01-17 2020-06-05 北京大学深圳医院 Training device is raised to straight leg after knee joint replacement
CN111530017A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-14 杭州亚朗科技有限公司 Neurosurgery bedside active exercise device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103720572A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-16 深圳市人民医院 Limb-assist resistance exercise instrument
CN103720572B (en) * 2013-12-26 2016-04-27 深圳市人民医院 A kind of Limb-assist resistance exercise instrument
CN104127294A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-11-05 刘远杰 Upper limb recovering training machine for neurology department
CN104127294B (en) * 2014-07-21 2017-02-15 刘远杰 Upper limb recovering training machine for neurology department
CN111228082A (en) * 2020-01-17 2020-06-05 北京大学深圳医院 Training device is raised to straight leg after knee joint replacement
CN111530017A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-14 杭州亚朗科技有限公司 Neurosurgery bedside active exercise device
CN111530017B (en) * 2020-05-22 2021-06-08 周峰 Neurosurgery bedside active exercise device

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