CN203633270U - Wheat micro sprinkling water-saving irrigation system - Google Patents

Wheat micro sprinkling water-saving irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203633270U
CN203633270U CN201320824193.3U CN201320824193U CN203633270U CN 203633270 U CN203633270 U CN 203633270U CN 201320824193 U CN201320824193 U CN 201320824193U CN 203633270 U CN203633270 U CN 203633270U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
micro
wheat
irrigation
saving irrigation
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320824193.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张其鲁
郑以宏
魏秀华
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SHANDONG WEIFANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
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SHANDONG WEIFANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
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Priority to CN201320824193.3U priority Critical patent/CN203633270U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The utility model discloses a wheat micro sprinkling water-saving irrigation system. A water source pump outputs a water source and sprinkling power, a main field water pipe is communicated with the water source pump and used for conveying the water source output by the water source pump, a micro sprinkling belt is communicated with the main field water pipe, and therefore water is evenly sprinkled to the field; the main field water pipe is a high-pressure water pipe with the pipe diameter being 11 cm, the micro sprinkling belt is composed of duck tongue switches and micro sprinkling pipes, the duck tongue switches are arranged on the main field water pipe at equal intervals and communicated with the micro sprinkling pipes, the length of each micro sprinkling pipe ranges from 50 m to 70 m, the distance between every two adjacent micro sprinkling pipes is 1.6 m, and the micro sprinkling pipes are provided with micro holes. The wheat micro sprinkling water-saving irrigation system achieves effective control over the field irrigation water amount, the minimum water amount per mu can be reduced to 5 cubic meters, the water amount is one tenth of that of common flooding, requirements of different growth periods of wheat are met, the water-saving effect is obvious, the problem that a large amount of water washes seedlings and seeds is resolved, the automation degree is greatly increased, and labor intensity of people during irrigation is greatly lowered.

Description

The micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of one grow wheat
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural irrigation technology, relates in particular to the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of a grow wheat.
Background technology
At present, wheat is irrigated the mode of mainly taking flood irrigation, and water consumption is large, water quantity regulation is difficult, cannot the little water yield irrigate, and the watering period is long, exists punching to plant, rush seedling simultaneously, more easily causes the patch of being short of seedling, and automaticity is low, and irrigation efficiency is low, and labour intensity is high.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a grow wheat micro-spray water-saving irrigation system, be intended to solve current wheat and irrigate the mode of mainly taking flood irrigation, water consumption is large, water quantity regulation is difficult, cannot the little water yield irrigate, the watering period is long, exists punching to plant, rush seedling simultaneously, more easily cause the patch of being short of seedling, automaticity is low, and irrigation efficiency is low, the problem that labour intensity is high.
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a grow wheat micro-spray water-saving irrigation system, and the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat comprises:
Water source water pump, for exporting water source and sprinkling irrigation power;
Field water-main, is connected with described water source water pump, for the water source of described water source water pump output is carried;
Fine-spraying belt, is connected with described field water-main, for water is evenly sprayed to field.
Further, described field water-main adopts the high pressure water transport pipe that caliber is 11cm.
Further, described fine-spraying belt comprises: duck tongue switch, micro-nozzle, described duck tongue switch is installed on the water-main of described field equidistantly, and described duck tongue switch is connected with described micro-nozzle.
Further, the length of described micro-nozzle is 50-70 rice, and the spacing of two adjacent micro-nozzles is 1.6 meters.
Further, on described micro-nozzle, be provided with micropore.
Further, the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat regulates quantity and the area of the micro-nozzle of opening by duck tongue switch, and by timing Controlled irrigation amount;
The micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat, by the size of open duck tongue switching value, is adjusted and is irrigated pressure;
The water yield computational methods of the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat are: irrigate quantitatively=motor-pumped well water yield/area × time, and irrigation time=irrigations be quantitative × motor-pumped well water yield/area, area=micro-nozzle area coverage × micro-nozzle quantity.
The micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of wheat that the utility model provides, water pump output water source, water source and sprinkling irrigation power, field water-main is connected with water source water pump, and the water source of water source water pump output is carried, fine-spraying belt is connected with field water-main, and water is evenly sprayed to field, field water-main adopts the high pressure water transport pipe that caliber is 18cm, fine-spraying belt is made up of duck tongue switch, micro-nozzle, duck tongue switch is installed on the water-main of field equidistantly, duck tongue switch is connected with micro-nozzle, the length of micro-nozzle is 50-70 rice, the spacing of two adjacent micro-nozzles is 1.6 meters, is provided with micropore on micro-nozzle simultaneously, effective control of water yield when the utility model has been realized field irrigation, minimum mu water consumption can reduce to 5 sides, water consumption is 1/10th of common flood irrigation, meet to greatest extent wheat different growing demand, water-saving result is remarkable, solve the problem that the punching of water favourable opposition seedling is planted, automaticity significantly improves, save the hand labor intensity while irrigation, solve the water consumption that traditional flood irrigation mode exists large, water quantity regulation difficulty, cannot the little water yield irrigate, watering period is long, it is serious that seedling phenomenon kind is rushed in punching, more easily cause the problem of the patch of being short of seedling, having stronger propagation and employment is worth.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of wheat that provides of the utility model embodiment.
In figure: 1, water source water pump; 2, field water-main; 3, fine-spraying belt; 31, duck tongue switch; 32, micro-nozzle.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction utility model.
Fig. 1 shows the structure of the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of wheat that the utility model embodiment provides.For convenience of explanation, only show the part relevant to the utility model.
The micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat comprises:
Water source water pump 1, for exporting water source and sprinkling irrigation power;
Field water-main 2, is connected with water source water pump 1, carries for the water source that water source water pump 1 is exported;
Fine-spraying belt 3, is connected with field water-main 2, for water is evenly sprayed to field.
In the utility model embodiment, it is the high pressure water transport pipe of 18cm that field water-main 2 adopts caliber.
In the utility model embodiment, fine-spraying belt 3 comprises: duck tongue switch 31, micro-nozzle 32, duck tongue switch 31 is installed on field water-main 2 equidistantly, and duck tongue switch 31 is connected with micro-nozzle 32.
In the utility model embodiment, the length of micro-nozzle 32 is 50-70 rice, and the spacing of two adjacent micro-nozzles 32 is 1.6 meters.
In the utility model embodiment, on micro-nozzle 32, be provided with micropore.
In the utility model embodiment, the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat regulates quantity and the area of the micro-nozzle 32 of opening by duck tongue switch 31, and by timing Controlled irrigation amount;
The micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat, by the size of open duck tongue switch 31 amounts, is adjusted and is irrigated pressure.
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, application principle of the present utility model is further described.
As shown in Figure 1, the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of wheat that the utility model provides, is connected and composed by water source water pump 1, field water-main 2 and fine-spraying belt 3.
The utility model is selected N6.5 microspray irrigation, form 1.6 mitrons distances, the long fine-spraying belt 3 of 50 mitrons, it is the high pressure water transport pipe of 11cm that field water-main 2 adopts caliber, on field water-main 2, correspondingly in distance, duck tongue switch 31 is being installed symmetrically, duck tongue switch 31 is connected with micro-nozzle 32, field water-main 2 connects water source water pump 1, and water source water pump 1 provides water source and sprinkling irrigation power.
The effect of micro-nozzle 32 is with the level of coverage that solves water, and the effect of micropore reduces the impulsive force of water to soil, and distribution density is mainly that solution water distribution is even;
Duck tongue switch 31 is used for regulating pondage and hydraulic pressure, Controlled irrigation quantity and time;
Field water-main 2 is used for connecting micro-nozzle 32, duck tongue switch 31 and water source water pump 1, for water delivery;
The power of sprinkling irrigation is from the pressure of water source water pump 1 self;
The utility model also comprises connection securing member, for the connection of water delivery parts and fastening.
Water yield control: regulate quantity and the area of the micro-nozzle 32 of opening by duck tongue switch 31, by timing Controlled irrigation amount;
Hydraulic pressure control: by the size of open duck tongue switch 31 amounts, adjust and irrigate pressure, reach cover degree best, the most even;
The water yield is calculated: irrigates quantitatively=motor-pumped well water yield/area * time, and irrigation time=irrigations be quantitative × motor-pumped well water yield/area, area=micro-nozzle area coverage × micro-nozzle quantity.
Irrigation method: rotation flow, common filling, anti-dry-hot wind are filled with, frost protection is filled with, filling is kept a full stand of seedings in micro-spray.
Technique effect of the present utility model: realized effective control of the water yield, diminishbb 5 sides of minimum mu water consumption, it is 1/10th of common flood irrigation, meet to greatest extent wheat different growing demand, water-saving result is remarkable, solved the problem that the punching of water favourable opposition seedling is planted, automaticity significantly improves, and has saved the hand labor intensity while irrigation.
The micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of wheat that the utility model embodiment provides, water source water pump 1 is exported water source and sprinkling irrigation power, field water-main 2 is connected with water source water pump 1, the water source that water source water pump 1 is exported is carried, fine-spraying belt 3 is connected with field water-main 2, and water is evenly sprayed to field, it is the high pressure water transport pipe of 11cm that field water-main 2 adopts caliber, fine-spraying belt 3 is made up of duck tongue switch 31, micro-nozzle 32, duck tongue switch 31 is installed on field water-main 2 equidistantly, duck tongue switch 31 is connected with micro-nozzle 32, the length of micro-nozzle 32 is 50-70 rice, the spacing of two adjacent micro-nozzles 32 is 1.6 meters, is provided with micropore on micro-nozzle 32 simultaneously, effective control of water yield when the utility model has been realized field irrigation, diminishbb 5 sides of minimum mu water consumption, water consumption is 1/10th of common flood irrigation, meet to greatest extent wheat different growing demand, water-saving result is remarkable, solve the problem that the punching of water favourable opposition seedling is planted, automaticity significantly improves, save the hand labor intensity while irrigation, solve the water consumption that traditional flood irrigation mode exists large, water quantity regulation difficulty, cannot the little water yield irrigate, watering period is long, it is serious that seedling phenomenon kind is rushed in punching, more easily cause the problem of the patch of being short of seedling, having stronger propagation and employment is worth.
These are only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit the utility model, all any amendments of doing within spirit of the present utility model and principle, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of a grow wheat, is characterized in that, the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat comprises:
Water source water pump, for exporting water source and sprinkling irrigation power;
Field water-main, is connected with described water source water pump, for the water source of described water source water pump output is carried;
Fine-spraying belt, is connected with described field water-main, for water is evenly sprayed to field.
2. the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of wheat as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described field water-main adopts the high pressure water transport pipe that caliber is 11cm.
3. the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of wheat as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described fine-spraying belt further comprises: duck tongue switch, micro-nozzle, described duck tongue switch is installed on the water-main of described field equidistantly, and described duck tongue switch is connected with described micro-nozzle.
4. the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of wheat as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, the length of described micro-nozzle is 50-70 rice, and the spacing of two adjacent micro-nozzles is 1.6 meters.
5. the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of wheat as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, on described micro-nozzle, is provided with micropore.
6. the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of wheat as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat regulates quantity and the area of the micro-nozzle of opening by duck tongue switch, and by timing Controlled irrigation amount;
The micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat, by the size of open duck tongue switching value, is adjusted and is irrigated pressure;
The water yield computational methods of the micro-spray water-saving irrigation system of this wheat are: irrigate quantitatively=motor-pumped well water yield/area × time, and irrigation time=irrigations be quantitative × motor-pumped well water yield/area, area=micro-nozzle area coverage × micro-nozzle quantity.
CN201320824193.3U 2013-12-13 2013-12-13 Wheat micro sprinkling water-saving irrigation system Expired - Fee Related CN203633270U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320824193.3U CN203633270U (en) 2013-12-13 2013-12-13 Wheat micro sprinkling water-saving irrigation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320824193.3U CN203633270U (en) 2013-12-13 2013-12-13 Wheat micro sprinkling water-saving irrigation system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203633270U true CN203633270U (en) 2014-06-11

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103651054A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-26 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 Wheat micro-spraying water-saving irrigation system
CN104206098A (en) * 2014-09-25 2014-12-17 山东农业大学 Wheat and corn annual production variable fertilizer and water integrated irrigation system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103651054A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-26 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 Wheat micro-spraying water-saving irrigation system
CN104206098A (en) * 2014-09-25 2014-12-17 山东农业大学 Wheat and corn annual production variable fertilizer and water integrated irrigation system
CN104206098B (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-12-30 山东农业大学 Wheat and corn whole year production variable rich water integration irrigation system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140611

Termination date: 20151213

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model