CN203600067U - Shaft part cutting and/or grinding machining clamp - Google Patents

Shaft part cutting and/or grinding machining clamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203600067U
CN203600067U CN201320834965.1U CN201320834965U CN203600067U CN 203600067 U CN203600067 U CN 203600067U CN 201320834965 U CN201320834965 U CN 201320834965U CN 203600067 U CN203600067 U CN 203600067U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixture block
chuck
hole
screw rod
clamping block
Prior art date
Application number
CN201320834965.1U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许冠能
Original Assignee
广西壮族自治区汽车拖拉机研究所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广西壮族自治区汽车拖拉机研究所 filed Critical 广西壮族自治区汽车拖拉机研究所
Priority to CN201320834965.1U priority Critical patent/CN203600067U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203600067U publication Critical patent/CN203600067U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a shaft part cutting and/or grinding machining clamp which comprises a chuck, an upper clamping block and a lower clamping block, a part through hole is formed in the middle of the chuck, the upper clamping block and the lower clamping block are mounted on the chuck in the same radial direction, and the upper clamping block and the lower clamping block can do linear feeding motion in the radial direction. The upper clamping block and the lower clamping block are connected with a limiting device respectively, so that the upper clamping block or the lower clamping block are limited. The upper clamping block and the lower clamping block are respectively provided with a V-shaped opening, the opening of the upper clamping block and the opening of the lower clamping block are opposite. The shaft part cutting and/or grinding machining clamp is simple in structure and wide in adaptability, can meet machining requirements of outer circles or inner circles of various shaft parts, and has good application prospects.

Description

A kind of axial workpiece cutting and/or clamp for grinding
Technical field
The utility model relates to mechanical field, is specifically related to a kind of axial workpiece cutting and/or clamp for grinding and processing method.
Background technology
At present, axle class part carries out cutting and/or the grinding of inner circle or cylindrical on universal grinding machine external, adopts three-jaw or chuck clamping workpiece more.Because requirement on machining accuracy is higher, as the three-jaw with conventional or chuck clamping workpiece, exist following shortcoming: a, every workpiece all needs the use dial gauge centering center of circle in when batch production, complex operation, production efficiency is low; B, setting accuracy are low, and mismachining tolerance is larger; C, be inconvenient to process eccentric inner circle or cylindrical.
In prior art, occurred the special fixture of some axial workpieces, but these special fixtures can only, for the part of one or several types, for the part processing of different eccentric throws and the different diameters of axle, need to be changed different special fixtures.Therefore, in the time that enterprise's axis products specification is more, need to prepare many specifications special fixture, increase cost, and not convenient process operation, operating efficiency affected.
Utility model content
The utility model aims to provide a kind of axial workpiece cutting and/or clamp for grinding and processing method, this fixture and processing method can realize part and accurately locate, and after once adjusting, same specification part is processed without again adjusting, guarantee processing continuity, can adapt to many specifications Machining of Shaft-type Parts, wide application.
Axial workpiece cutting described in the utility model and/or clamp for grinding, comprise chuck, upper fixture block and lower fixture block, the centre of described chuck is provided with part through hole, the same footpath of chuck is upwards separately installed with fixture block and lower fixture block, and described upper fixture block and lower fixture block can do straight-line feed motion in the radial direction at this of chuck; Upper fixture block is connected with stopping means respectively with on lower fixture block, upper fixture block or lower fixture block can be limited to position; On described upper fixture block and lower fixture block, be respectively equipped with V-type opening, the opening of upper fixture block and lower fixture block is oppositely arranged.
Described upper fixture block and lower fixture block are interlaced in its vertical direction, can be most of overlapping while moving in opposite directions near the center of circle of chuck.
The stopping means of described upper fixture block comprises block and screw rod; Described block is fixed on chuck, is positioned at the top of fixture block, and block is provided with screwed hole; Described upper fixture block is provided with the installing hole coordinating with screw rod, and the lower end of screw rod is provided with ring-type draw-in groove; The external screw thread of described screw rod coordinates with screwed hole, and screw rod inserts in installing hole through after screwed hole; Described upper fixture block is provided with the pin-and-hole through installing hole, and the direction of pin-and-hole is vertical with installing hole, inserts bayonet lock in pin-and-hole; Described bayonet lock is corresponding with ring-type draw-in groove shape, inserts in ring-type draw-in groove, does not affect the rotation of screw rod when blocking screw rod.
The restriction position of described lower fixture block comprises chute and guide pad; Described chute is located at chuck footpath upwards, the position of corresponding lower fixture block; Described guide pad is installed in chute, and one end is fixedly connected with lower fixture block, and guide pad is provided with holddown groove, and the arbitrary position in the corresponding holddown groove of described chuck is provided with bolt hole.
By be screwed into bolt in bolt hole, the position of fixed guide piece on chute, thereby the position of fixing lower fixture block.
The utility model is by upper fixture block and the lower fixture block of unique design, and the V-type opening of splitting on upper fixture block and lower fixture block, can realize the clamping that axial workpiece is firm; Move at the same straight-line feed in the radial direction of chuck by upper fixture block and lower fixture block, can in fixture allowed band, regulate easily the positive circular direction of part or the degree of eccentricity, machining accuracy can be in dimensional tolerance range, guaranteed, different processing working condition requirements can be adapted to.
Upper fixture block and the interlaced structure setting in its vertical direction of lower fixture block in the utility model, widened the diameter of axle specification limit that clamps part greatly, can adapt to the processing of the part that the diameter of axle is very little, also can meet the clamping requirement of large-diameter part.And can be according to part situation, design greater or lesser fixture specification, fixture of the present utility model can be applied on the part of the various diameters of axle.
The preferred structure of the stopping means of upper fixture block in the utility model, by the structure of screw rod, block and screwed hole composition, screw rod, both as the track of guiding, is also the position stability that guarantees upper fixture block, by rotary screw, just can realize the feed motion of fixture block at screw axial.
The preferred structure of the stopping means of lower fixture block in the utility model, can freely adjust the position of lower fixture block by chute, guide pad, by be screwed into bolt in bolt hole, thereby be fixed up in the position of guide pad, play position-limiting action, keep the position stability of lower fixture block, this is also the basis of follow-up same specification part location, and subsequent parts is directly put on lower fixture block, tightens the screw rod of fixture block, just can directly process, without the home position of reorientating part.
The utility model is simple in structure, adapts to widely, can meet the needs of various axial workpiece cylindricals or inner circle processing, has a good application prospect, and has outstanding substantive distinguishing features and significant progressive with respect to prior art.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the side structure schematic diagram of the utility model fixture
Fig. 2 is the Facad structure schematic diagram of the utility model fixture
Fig. 3 be the utility model fixture side sectional view
Schematic diagram when Fig. 4 is the utility model fixture clamping minor diameter part
Side schematic view when Fig. 5 is the utility model fixture clamping minor diameter part
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 1 processing parts
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 2 processing parts
Sequence number in figure and each several part structure and title are as follows:
1-chuck, the upper fixture block of 2-, fixture block under 3-, 4-part through hole, 5-block, 6-screw rod, 7-screwed hole, 8-installing hole, 9-ring-type draw-in groove, 10-pin-and-hole, 11-bayonet lock, 12-chute, 13-guide pad, 14-holddown groove, 15-bolt hole, 16-bolt.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, axial workpiece cutting and/or clamp for grinding comprise chuck 1, upper fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3, the centre of described chuck 1 is provided with part through hole 4, the same footpath of chuck 1 is upwards separately installed with fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3, and described upper fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3 can do straight-line feed motion in the radial direction at this of chuck 1; Upper fixture block 2 is connected with stopping means respectively with on lower fixture block 3, upper fixture block 2 or lower fixture block 3 can be limited to position; On described upper fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3, be respectively equipped with V-type opening, the opening of upper fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3 is oppositely arranged.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 4 and Figure 5, described upper fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3 are interlaced in its vertical direction, can be most of overlapping while moving in opposite directions near the center of circle of chuck 1.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the stopping means of described upper fixture block 2 comprises block 5 and screw rod 6; Described block 5 is fixed on chuck 1, is positioned at the top of fixture block 2, and block 5 is provided with screwed hole 7; Described upper fixture block 2 is provided with the installing hole coordinating 8 with screw rod 5, and the lower end of screw rod 6 is provided with ring-type draw-in groove 9; The external screw thread of described screw rod 6 coordinates with screwed hole 7, and screw rod 6 is through in the rear insertion installing hole 8 of screwed hole 7; Described upper fixture block 2 is provided with the pin-and-hole 10 through installing hole 8, and the direction of pin-and-hole 10 is vertical with installing hole 8, inserts bayonet lock 11 in pin-and-hole 10; Described bayonet lock 11 is corresponding with ring-type draw-in groove 9 shapes, inserts in ring-type draw-in groove 9, does not affect the rotation of screw rod 6 when blocking screw rod 6.
The restriction position of described lower fixture block 3 comprises chute 12 and guide pad 13; Described chute 12 is located at chuck 1 footpath upwards, the position of corresponding lower fixture block 3; Described guide pad 13 is installed in chute 12, and one end is fixedly connected with lower fixture block 3, and guide pad 13 is provided with holddown groove 14, and the arbitrary position in the corresponding holddown groove 14 of described chuck 1 is provided with bolt hole 15.
By be screwed into bolt 16 in bolt hole 15, the position of fixed guide piece 13 on chute 12, thereby the position of fixing lower fixture block 3.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 6, on universal grinding machine external, processing parts cylindrical φ 600-0.01 and inner circle φ 600+0.01, require to be φ 0.05 with part benchmark cylindrical φ 80 ± 0.01 axialities.
Step:
1, the chuck of fixture 1 is arranged on universal grinding machine external chuck, with the center of circle of dial gauge centering chuck 1;
2, part benchmark cylindrical φ 80 ± 0.01 is put on the middle part through hole 4 of chuck 1, be placed between fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3, the position of fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3 in adjustment, clamps part outer φ 80 ± 0.01, with using dial gauge centering part outer φ 80 ± 0.01 centers of circle;
3, adjust stopping means, fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3 on locking;
4, carry out the processing of cylindrical φ 600-0.01 mill pin;
5, cylindrical φ 600-0.01 completion of processing, unclamps the stopping means of fixture block 2, takes out part, part tune, puts into part benchmark cylindrical φ 80 ± 0.01 on lower fixture block 3 fixture block 2 positions in adjustment, clamp part, the stopping means of fixture block 2 in adjustment, fixture block 2 on locking;
6, carry out the processing of inner circle φ 600+0.01 mill pin;
7, inner circle φ 600+0.01 completion of processing, unclamps fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3, takes out part.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 7, on universal grinding machine external, processing parts cylindrical φ 600-0.01, requires as e ± 0.05 with part benchmark cylindrical φ 80 ± 0.01 offsets.
Step:
1, the chuck of fixture 1 is arranged on universal grinding machine external chuck, with the center of circle of dial gauge centering chuck 1;
2, part benchmark cylindrical φ 80 ± 0.01 is put on the middle part through hole 4 of chuck 1, be placed between fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3, the position of fixture block 2 and lower fixture block 3 in adjustment, clamp part outer φ 80 ± 0.01, adjusting screw(rod) clamps part outer φ 80 ± 0.01 simultaneously, with measuring φ 80 ± 0.01 beating degrees with dial gauge, until meet mmax-mmin=2 e (mmax-maximum jitter degree, the minimum beating degree of mmin-), tighten bolt 16, fixture block 3 under locking, tightens screw rod 1, fixture block 2 on locking;
3, carry out the processing of eccentric excircle φ 600-0.01 mill pin;
4, cylindrical φ 600-0.01 completion of processing, unclamps screw rod 1, takes out part.

Claims (4)

1. an axial workpiece cuts and/or clamp for grinding, comprise chuck (1), upper fixture block (2) and lower fixture block (3), it is characterized in that: the centre of described chuck (1) is provided with part through hole (4), the same footpath of chuck (1) is upwards separately installed with fixture block (2) and lower fixture block (3), and described upper fixture block (2) and lower fixture block (3) can do straight-line feed motion in the radial direction at this of chuck (1); Upper fixture block (2) is connected with stopping means respectively with on lower fixture block (3), upper fixture block (2) or lower fixture block (3) can be limited to position; On described upper fixture block (2) and lower fixture block (3), be respectively equipped with V-type opening, the opening of upper fixture block (2) and lower fixture block (3) is oppositely arranged.
2. axial workpiece cutting as claimed in claim 1 and/or clamp for grinding, it is characterized in that: described upper fixture block (2) and lower fixture block (3) are interlaced in its vertical direction, can be most of overlapping while moving in opposite directions near the center of circle of chuck (1).
3. axial workpiece cutting as claimed in claim 1 and/or clamp for grinding, is characterized in that: the stopping means of described upper fixture block (2) comprises block (5) and screw rod (6); It is upper that described block (5) is fixed on chuck (1), is positioned at the top of fixture block (2), and block (5) is provided with screwed hole (7); Described upper fixture block (2) is provided with the installing hole coordinating (8) with screw rod (5), and the lower end of screw rod (6) is provided with ring-type draw-in groove (9); The external screw thread of described screw rod (6) coordinates with screwed hole (7), and screw rod (6) is through inserting after screwed hole (7) in installing hole (8); Described upper fixture block (2) is provided with the pin-and-hole (10) through installing hole (8), and the direction of pin-and-hole (10) is vertical with installing hole (8), inserts bayonet lock (11) in pin-and-hole (10); Described bayonet lock (11) is corresponding with ring-type draw-in groove (9) shape, inserts in ring-type draw-in groove (9), does not affect the rotation of screw rod (6) when blocking screw rod (6).
4. axial workpiece cutting as claimed in claim 1 and/or clamp for grinding, is characterized in that: the restriction position of described lower fixture block (3) comprises chute (12) and guide pad (13); Described chute (12) is located at chuck (1) footpath upwards, the position of corresponding lower fixture block (3); Described guide pad (13) is installed in chute (12), and one end is fixedly connected with lower fixture block (3), and guide pad (13) is provided with holddown groove (14), and the arbitrary position in the described corresponding holddown groove of chuck (1) (14) is provided with bolt hole (15).
CN201320834965.1U 2013-12-18 2013-12-18 Shaft part cutting and/or grinding machining clamp CN203600067U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320834965.1U CN203600067U (en) 2013-12-18 2013-12-18 Shaft part cutting and/or grinding machining clamp

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320834965.1U CN203600067U (en) 2013-12-18 2013-12-18 Shaft part cutting and/or grinding machining clamp

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203600067U true CN203600067U (en) 2014-05-21

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320834965.1U CN203600067U (en) 2013-12-18 2013-12-18 Shaft part cutting and/or grinding machining clamp

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203600067U (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103707186A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-04-09 广西壮族自治区汽车拖拉机研究所 Shaft part cutting and/or grinding processing clamp and processing method thereof
CN105588611A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-05-18 吴金千 Novel detection apparatus for shaft parts and usage method thereof
CN105628370A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-01 杭州聚祥锁具有限公司 Shaft part energy-saving detection device and use method thereof
CN105675282A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-15 骆伟法 Steady shaft part detection device and using method thereof
CN105783961A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-20 杨彬 Intelligent axis part detection device and use method thereof
CN105806278A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-27 骆伟法 Shaft-part detection device with LED indicator lamp and application method thereof
CN106514329A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-03-22 安徽池州家用机床股份有限公司 Shaft end groove milling fixture
CN107457699A (en) * 2017-09-30 2017-12-12 湖州铭灏机械有限公司 Compound grinding machine fixture
CN107457700A (en) * 2017-09-30 2017-12-12 湖州铭灏机械有限公司 Water cooling fixture for grinding machine
CN107553325A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-09 湖州铭灏机械有限公司 Water cooling compound grinding machine fixture

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103707186A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-04-09 广西壮族自治区汽车拖拉机研究所 Shaft part cutting and/or grinding processing clamp and processing method thereof
CN105588611A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-05-18 吴金千 Novel detection apparatus for shaft parts and usage method thereof
CN105628370A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-01 杭州聚祥锁具有限公司 Shaft part energy-saving detection device and use method thereof
CN105675282A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-15 骆伟法 Steady shaft part detection device and using method thereof
CN105783961A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-20 杨彬 Intelligent axis part detection device and use method thereof
CN105806278A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-27 骆伟法 Shaft-part detection device with LED indicator lamp and application method thereof
CN106514329A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-03-22 安徽池州家用机床股份有限公司 Shaft end groove milling fixture
CN107457699A (en) * 2017-09-30 2017-12-12 湖州铭灏机械有限公司 Compound grinding machine fixture
CN107457700A (en) * 2017-09-30 2017-12-12 湖州铭灏机械有限公司 Water cooling fixture for grinding machine
CN107553325A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-09 湖州铭灏机械有限公司 Water cooling compound grinding machine fixture

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140521

Termination date: 20171218