CN203599337U - Titanium alloy cylindrical part spinning device - Google Patents

Titanium alloy cylindrical part spinning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203599337U
CN203599337U CN201320618526.7U CN201320618526U CN203599337U CN 203599337 U CN203599337 U CN 203599337U CN 201320618526 U CN201320618526 U CN 201320618526U CN 203599337 U CN203599337 U CN 203599337U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spinning
cylindrical shape
mold
cylindrical
titanium alloy
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320618526.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李晓东
杨睿智
马超
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Inner Mongol Space Flight Hong Gang Machinery Co Ltd
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Inner Mongol Space Flight Hong Gang Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320618526.7U priority Critical patent/CN203599337U/en
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Publication of CN203599337U publication Critical patent/CN203599337U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a titanium alloy cylindrical part spinning device which comprises a spinning die 1, a rotating wheel device 4, a fluted disc device 7 and a spinning machine tool. The spinning die 1 is mainly used for clamping a cylindrical spinning part 10 and limiting material flowing in spinning machining. The fluted disc device 7 is used for fixing a cylindrical part in spinning machining and preventing relative rotation between the cylindrical spinning part 10 and the spinning die 1. The rotating wheel device 4 exerts spinning force on the cylindrical spinning part 10 in spinning machining, enables a titanium alloy spinning blank to generate plastic deformation, and enables the size and the shape of the titanium alloy spinning blank to meet the requirement. In manufacturing of the cylindrical spinning part 10, before spinning, the spinning die 1 and the cylindrical spinning part 10 are heated to a certain temperature to complete the die-filling process, and then spinning operation is carried out, after the spinning die 1 and the cylindrical spinning part 10 are cooled, dismounting is carried out, and the high-precision and high-quality cylindrical spinning part 10 is finally obtained.

Description

The device of titanium alloy cylindrical component spinning
Technical field
The present invention relates to the apparatus and method of cylindrical component spinning, particularly the spinning apparatus of large titanium alloy cylindrical component and technological method for processing.
Background technology
Titanium alloy, due to its excellent decay resistance, is having a very wide range of applications aspect metallurgy, desalinization, chemical industry equipment, as the cathode roller in hydrometallurgy, and the evaporimeter that desalinization is used, reaction vessel, the heat exchanger etc. in chemical industry equipment, used.These products mostly have higher requirements to the corrosion-resistant of part, adopt the titanium alloy that corrosion resistance is stronger to manufacture more, and shape is take cylindrical shape as main.The traditional diamond-making technique of titanium alloy cylinder mostly is plate volume welding technology, although adopt volume welding technology can complete the shaping of this type of cylinder, has more deficiency.First, there is certain difference in the chemical composition of welded seam area and this cognition, and impurity element is relatively many, and this can reduce the corrosion resistance of welding region; Secondly, because thermal deformation is inhomogeneous, can there is certain residual stress in welded seam area, and the existence of residual stress easily causes stress corrosion, further reduces the corrosion resistance of titanium alloy cylinder; Again, the dimensional accuracy of welding drum is poor, and particularly circularity and diameter dimension are difficult to control, and can produce certain impact to the following process of titanium alloy cylinder.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide the device of titanium alloy cylindrical component spinning, to solve the seamless shaping of titanium alloy class cylindrical component, can improve material grains degree, meet industrial production for titanium alloy cylinder high-quality, high-precision requirement simultaneously.
For solving the technical problem existing, the technical solution adopted in the present invention: the device of titanium alloy cylindrical component spinning, comprise spinning mold 1, spinning roller device 4, fluted disc device 7 and spinning lathe,
Described spinning mold 1 is installed component 3 by lathe attaching parts 2 and cylindrical shape blank and is formed, and lathe attaching parts 2 are connected with spinning lathe main shaft, and spinning mold 1 is installed on spinning lathe, and spinning mold 1 is done gyration in rotary pressing processing; Cylindrical shape blank is installed component 3 for cylindrical shape spinning part 10 is installed;
Described spinning roller device 4 is made up of spinning roller 5 and rotating mechanism 6, and spinning roller 5 is arranged on the rotating shaft of rotating mechanism 6, and rotating mechanism 6 is arranged on the slide of spinning lathe, and by spinning lathe band action feed motion;
Described fluted disc device 7 is made up of finger 8 and fluted disc body 9, be installed on spinning mold 1 near spinning lathe main shaft one side, finger 8 is arranged on fluted disc body 9 inner sides, for fixing clamping cylindrical shape spinning part 10 when the spinning, prevents relatively rotating of cylindrical shape spinning part 10 and spinning mold 1;
Described spinning mold 1 is installed the cylindrical shape spinning part 10 heating, and cylindrical shape spinning part 10 and fluted disc device 7 are fitted, when spinning, spinning lathe main shaft rotarily drives spinning mold 1 and rotates, spinning mold 1 drives fluted disc device 7 and cylindrical shape spinning part 10 to rotate, spinning roller device 4 is by spinning lathe band action feed motion, in the time that spinning roller 5 contacts cylindrical shape spinning part 10, just can under the effect of frictional force, be driven and do gyration, now axially spinning force can make cylindrical shape spinning part 10 and fluted disc device 7 fit tightly, in spinning, there will not be and relatively rotate.
Spinning mold 1 be mainly used in the being installed blank of cylindrical shape spinning part 10, and the mobile effect of limiting material in rotary pressing processing, spinning mold 1 preferably adopts heat to do mould steel manufacture, and its linear expansion coefficient is about 2 times of left and right of titanium alloy material.Spinning mold 1 is mainly made up of two parts, it is respectively the part of component 3 being installed with the part of spinning lathe attaching parts 2 with cylindrical shape blank, be used for mould 1 to be installed on spinning lathe with the part of spinning lathe attaching parts 2, with cylindrical shape blank install the part of component 3 with spinning roller 5 actings in conjunction in the blank of cylindrical shape spinning part 10, make it that plastic deformation occur.
Fluted disc device 7 is stationary cylinder shape spinning parts 10 in rotary pressing processing, prevent the device that itself and spinning mold 1 relatively rotate, fluted disc device 7 is mainly made up of fluted disc body 9 and finger 8, before spinning, fluted disc device 7 is installed on to spinning mold 1 near spinning lathe main shaft one side, and by screw, fluted disc device 7 is connected with spinning mold 1, when spinning, finger 8 can embed the blank inside of cylindrical shape spinning part 10 deeply, by the blank clamping of cylindrical shape spinning part 10, prevent relatively rotating of blank and spinning mold 1.
Spinning roller device 4 is, in rotary pressing processing, cylindrical shape spinning part 10 blanks are applied to spinning force, make the blank generation plastic deformation of cylindrical shape spinning part 10, so that reach the device of required shape and size, spinning roller device 4 is mainly made up of spinning roller 5 and rotating mechanism 6, spinning roller device 4 is installed on the slide of spinning lathe, spinning lathe slide drives spinning roller device 1 to move, and roll the blank of the spinning cylinder shape spinning part 10 together rotating with spinning mold 1 by spinning roller 5, make blank generation pointwise distortion.
The method of titanium alloy cylindrical component spinning, the steps include:
Step 1, the blank of preparation cylindrical shape spinning part 10, the blank of turning processing cylindrical shape spinning part 10, reaches spinning requirement;
Step 2, spinning mold 1 is heated to more than 300 ℃, and adopt heating furnace the blank of cylindrical shape spinning part 10 to be heated to 2 times of left and right of spinning mold 1 temperature, insulation is more than 2 hours, the internal diameter size of the blank of cylindrical shape spinning part 10 should be slightly larger than the outside dimension of spinning mold 1, completes spinning press setter and does;
Step 3, the blank of installation cylindrical shape spinning part 10, is installed on spinning mold 1 at the hot lower blank by cylindrical shape spinning part 10;
Step 4, rotary pressing processing, adopts spinning lathe to carry out rotary pressing processing to the blank of cylindrical shape spinning part 10, and the each passage reduction of rotary pressing processing should be more than 20%, and total reduction is more than 70%;
Step 5, dismounting cylindrical shape spinning part 10, is cooled to after normal temperature until spinning mold 1 and cylindrical shape spinning part 10, and cylindrical shape spinning part 10 is dismantled down.
The present invention has following advantage compared with other devices, method:
1, spinning mold adopts hollow-core construction, has alleviated mold weight, has reduced, due to the excessive impact on spinning machine main shaft precision of mould deadweight, to be applicable to vertical and Horizontal spinning equipment, is very suitable for the processing of large titanium alloy cylindrical component.
2, fluted disc is reliable and stable with being connected of mould, and fluted disc can be realized the clamping operation to part automatically, does not need attachment device or method, and rotary pressing processing process is simple, is particularly suitable for the rotary pressing processing of heavy parts.
3, product tissue and performance are improved, in rotary pressing processing, material generation plastic deformation, grain refinement also forms bacillar structure, and along with increase degree of grain refinement and the fibr tissue of reduction can be improved, the grain size of product can improve more than 4 grades compared with spinning blank, and the formation of fibr tissue simultaneously can effectively improve strong team's level of product.
4, applicability is wide, and apparatus of the present invention and method are very suitable for many technical fields such as metallurgy, chemical industry, electric power, space flight.
Accompanying drawing explanation:
Fig. 1: spinning mold schematic diagram;
Fig. 2: spinning roller device schematic diagram;
Fig. 3: fluted disc device figure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4: spinning schematic diagram.
Fig. 5: unloading process schematic diagram.
In figure, 1 is spinning mold, and 2 is lathe attaching parts, and 3 install component for cylindrical shape blank, and 4 is spinning roller device, and 5 is spinning roller, and 6 is rotating mechanism, and 7 is fluted disc device, and 8 is finger, and 9 is fluted disc body, and 10 is cylindrical shape spinning part.
The specific embodiment:
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
The invention process example: the blank internal diameter size 1500~2500mm of titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10, blank wall thickness dimension 45mm, effective length 700mm.
As shown in accompanying drawing 1-4, the titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10 heating is installed on to spinning mold 1, and cylindrical shape spinning part 10 and fluted disc device 7 are fitted.
Spinning mold 1 is directly connected with spinning lathe main shaft, and spinning mold 1 is done gyration in rotary pressing processing, is the main motion in rotary pressing processing, and spinning roller device 4 is connected with the slide of spinning lathe, does feed motion in rotary pressing processing.When spinning, the main shaft of spinning lathe rotarily drives spinning mold 1 and rotates, and spinning mold 1 drives fluted disc device 7 and cylindrical shape spinning part 10 to rotate.
Spinning roller device 4 is by spinning lathe band action feed motion, in the time that spinning roller 5 contacts cylindrical shape spinning part 10, just can under the effect of frictional force, be driven and do gyration, now axially spinning force can make cylindrical shape spinning part 10 and fluted disc device 7 fit tightly, and in spinning, there will not be and relatively rotates.Gap between spinning roller 5 and spinning mold 1 is less than the wall thickness of cylindrical shape spinning part 10, cylindrical shape spinning part 10 can be subject to the extruding of spinning roller 5 and spinning mold 1 and pointwise distortion occurs, material deformation region is subject to the effect of three-dimensional compressive stress, deformation process is stable, be subject to the restriction of spinning mold 1 due to titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10 deformation processes simultaneously, distortion mainly occurs in axially and radially, this just causes the attenuate of titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10 wall thickness and the increase of length, the final wall thickness of titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10 can be adjusted by the gap of adjusting between spinning roller 5 and spinning mold 1, to reach cylindrical shape spinning part 10 needed final sizes.
Complete after spinning, the titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10 that need to complete spinning is dismantled, and unloading process as shown in Figure 5.Be cooled to after normal temperature until spinning mold 1 and titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10, to there is certain interval with titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10 in spinning mold 1, by the removal that is connected between fluted disc device 7 and spinning mold 1, drive fluted disc device 7 titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10 can be unloaded with the reverse side of spinning roller 5.
Main processes of the present invention comprises the following steps:
Step 1: the blank of preparation cylindrical shape spinning part 10: the blank of turning processing cylindrical shape spinning part 10, reach spinning requirement, the blank internal diameter of cylindrical shape spinning part 10 requires than the large 2mm of spinning mold 1 diameter.
Step 2: spinning mold 1 is heated to more than 300 ℃, and adopt heating furnace the blank of cylindrical shape spinning part 10 to be heated to 2 times of left and right of the temperature of spinning mold 1, insulation is more than 2 hours, now the internal diameter size of the blank of cylindrical shape spinning part 10 will be slightly larger than the outside dimension of spinning mold 1, can complete spinning press setter and do.
Step 3: the blank that cylindrical shape spinning part 10 is installed, be installed on spinning mold 1 at the hot lower blank by cylindrical shape spinning part 10, now the internal diameter size of the blank of cylindrical shape spinning part 10 is slightly larger than the outside dimension of spinning mold 1, must complete fast the dress mold process of the blank of cylindrical shape spinning part 10, otherwise because part cooling, diameter shrink, cannot complete dress mould.
Step 4: rotary pressing processing, adopt spinning lathe to carry out rotary pressing processing to the blank of cylindrical shape spinning part 10, in spinning process due to the continuous heat radiation of the blank of spinning mold 1, cylindrical shape spinning part 10, spinning temperature can be more and more lower, so it is large that the each passage reduction of rotary pressing processing is wanted, generally all more than 20%, total reduction is more than 70%, after can guaranteeing to machine, the grain size of titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10 improves more than 4 grades.
Step 5: dismounting titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10, be cooled to after normal temperature until spinning mold 1 and titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10, because spinning mold 1 diameter amount of contraction is large, titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10 amounts of contraction are little, so have certain interval between spinning mold 1 and titanium alloy cylindrical shape spinning part 10, now tubular spinning part 10 can be dismantled smoothly.

Claims (2)

1. a device for titanium alloy cylindrical component spinning, comprises spinning mold (1), spinning roller device (4), fluted disc device (7) and spinning lathe, it is characterized in that:
Described spinning mold (1) is installed component (3) by lathe attaching parts (2) and cylindrical shape blank and is formed, lathe attaching parts (2) are connected with spinning lathe main shaft, spinning mold (1) is installed on spinning lathe, and spinning mold (1) is done gyration in rotary pressing processing; Cylindrical shape blank is installed component (3) for cylindrical shape spinning part (10) is installed;
Described spinning roller device (4) is made up of spinning roller (5) and rotating mechanism (6), spinning roller (5) is arranged on the rotating shaft of rotating mechanism (6), rotating mechanism (6) is arranged on the slide of spinning lathe, and by spinning lathe band action feed motion;
Described fluted disc device (7) is made up of finger (8) and fluted disc body (9), be installed on spinning mold (1) near spinning lathe main shaft one side, finger (8) is arranged on fluted disc body (9) inner side, for fixing clamping cylindrical shape spinning part (10) in the time of spinning, prevent relatively rotating of cylindrical shape spinning part (10) and spinning mold (1).
2. the device of titanium alloy cylindrical component spinning according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described spinning mold (1) is to adopt heat to do mould steel to manufacture.
CN201320618526.7U 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Titanium alloy cylindrical part spinning device Expired - Fee Related CN203599337U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320618526.7U CN203599337U (en) 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Titanium alloy cylindrical part spinning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320618526.7U CN203599337U (en) 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Titanium alloy cylindrical part spinning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103521583A (en) * 2013-09-26 2014-01-22 内蒙古航天红岗机械有限公司 Device and method for spinning cylindrical titanium alloy part
CN105081041A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-25 青岛中天鹏锻压制造有限公司 Brute-force hot-spinning accurate plastic forming method for hollow train shaft workblank
CN105537354A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-05-04 辽宁工业大学 Novel hot spinning technique for shock absorber cylinder barrel

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103521583A (en) * 2013-09-26 2014-01-22 内蒙古航天红岗机械有限公司 Device and method for spinning cylindrical titanium alloy part
CN105081041A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-25 青岛中天鹏锻压制造有限公司 Brute-force hot-spinning accurate plastic forming method for hollow train shaft workblank
CN105081041B (en) * 2015-09-17 2017-07-07 青岛中天鹏锻压制造有限公司 Hollow train shaft blank strength hot spinning precision plastic forming method
CN105537354A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-05-04 辽宁工业大学 Novel hot spinning technique for shock absorber cylinder barrel

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Granted publication date: 20140521

Termination date: 20150926