CN203560031U - Floating type water wheel generator set - Google Patents

Floating type water wheel generator set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203560031U
CN203560031U CN201320727482.1U CN201320727482U CN203560031U CN 203560031 U CN203560031 U CN 203560031U CN 201320727482 U CN201320727482 U CN 201320727482U CN 203560031 U CN203560031 U CN 203560031U
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China
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floating
generator set
water wheels
water wheel
floating type
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN201320727482.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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钟世锋
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Individual
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Individual
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

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Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of hydroelectric equipment, in particular to a floating type water wheel generator set. The floating type water wheel generator set is simpler in overall structure. According to the technical scheme, the floating type water wheel generator set comprises an electric generator, and further comprises at least one floating water wheel, the floating water wheel is composed of a wheel body, transmission shafts and blades, the wheel body is internally provided with a sealed cavity, the transmission shafts are arranged on the two end faces of the wheel body, the blades are evenly fixed to the outer walls of the wheel body, the floating water wheel is arranged on a water wheel frame in a rotating mode, and the transmission shafts of the floating water wheel are connected with the electric generator. As the floating water wheel is additionally arranged, power generation can be achieved in areas with small water amount. The floating type water wheel generator set is simple and compact in structure, the efficiency for converting water flow into kinetic energy of rotation of the floating water wheel is improved greatly compared with the prior art, and the floating type water wheel generator set can be widely applied to the field of hydroelectric generation.

Description

Floating type hydroturbine generator set
Technical field
The utility model relates to hydroelectric facility field, especially a kind of floating type hydroturbine generator set.
Background technique
Traditional Hydropower Unit is generally that current are by water turbine and drive water turbine to rotate to realize generating.Because water turbine volume is very large, therefore in order to utilize water for producing electric power, need a large amount of auxiliary construction to realize arrangement and the running of water turbine.
In addition, for some float electric generator groups, due to generator set integrated model Functional Design imperfection, floating wheel mechanism design is unreasonable, therefore in practice, traditional float electric generator group does not have water turbine speedup speed-regulating function, can not meet even sometimes the related request of electrical network power frequency because of floating water wheels rotating speed defect.Also the water wheels shape and the material that have are unreasonable, once diameter has increased the defect that just there will be insufficient strength, so in practice, Economy is poor.
Model utility content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide the floating type hydroturbine generator set that a kind of overall structure is more simplified.
The utility model solves the technological scheme that its technical problem adopts: floating type hydroturbine generator set, comprise generator, also comprise at least one floating water wheels, described floating water wheels by inside be provided with the wheel body of closed cavity, the blade that is arranged at the transmission shaft of wheel body both ends of the surface and is evenly fixedly installed on wheel body outer wall forms, floating water wheels are rotatably arranged on water wheel frame, and the transmission shaft of floating water wheels is connected with generator.
Further, between the blade on floating water wheels, be provided with deep floor.
Be further, described blade consists of blade connecting end and vane drive end bolt, described blade connecting end is arranged at wheel body outer wall, on blade connecting end, is provided with positive stop, and positive stop hinders vane drive end and rotates to a water (flow) direction side pointed.
Further, on water wheel frame, be provided with water yield regulating gate.
Further, between floating water wheels and generator, by speed increasing mechanism, be connected.
Further, speed increasing mechanism consists of differential mechanism and gear speeder.
Further, comprising at least two floating water wheels, is serial fashion connection between described floating water wheels.
Further, comprising at least two floating water wheels, is parallel way connection between described floating water wheels.
Further, floating water wheels are formed by plastic production.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: by set up by inside be provided with closed cavity wheel body, be arranged at the transmission shaft of wheel body both ends of the surface and be evenly fixedly installed on the floating water wheels that the blade of wheel body outer wall forms, can realize in the region of the less water yield and realize generating.In addition, owing to being provided with airtight cavity in wheel body, therefore can be with the water level of current adjusted position flexibly.The utility model is not only simple and compact for structure, and the efficiency that current are converted into the kinetic energy of floating water wheels rotation is improved greatly compared with conventional art, can be widely used in hydroelectric field.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the plan view of the floating water wheels of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of the floating water wheels of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the plan view that the utility model serial fashion connects.
Fig. 4 is the front view that the utility model serial fashion connects.
Fig. 5 is the side view that the utility model serial fashion connects.
Fig. 6 is the front view that the utility model parallel way connects.
Fig. 7 is the side view that the utility model parallel way connects.
In figure, be labeled as: floating water wheels 1, wheel body 11, blade 12, deep floor 13, transmission shaft 14, closed cavity 15, water wheel frame 2, water yield regulating gate 21, speed increasing mechanism 3, generator 4.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further illustrated.
Floating type hydroturbine generator set as shown in Figures 1 to 7, comprise generator 4, with at least one floating water wheels 1, described floating water wheels 1 by inside be provided with the wheel body 11 of closed cavity 15, the blade 12 that is arranged at the transmission shaft 14 of wheel body 11 both ends of the surface and is evenly fixedly installed on wheel body 11 outer wall forms, floating water wheels 1 are rotatably arranged on water wheel frame 2, and the transmission shaft 14 of floating water wheels 1 is connected with generator 4.
Shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is the structure of floating water wheels 1.When designing and producing floating water wheels 1, in order to guarantee that floating water wheels 1 can realize floatingly for a long time, need to guarantee wheel body 11 sealings of floating water wheels 1, guarantee that closed cavity 15 do not intake.Blade 12 is fixedly installed on wheel body 11 outer wall, and the quantity of blade 12 and shape should need the power producing to set flexibly in conjunction with floating water wheels 1.
When floating water wheels 1 are positioned on water wheel frame 2, both water wheel frame 2 can be designed to fixed structure, also can select water wheel frame 2 can be with SEA LEVEL VARIATION the structure of the floating water wheels 1 of free adjusting, need to be in conjunction with concrete water level variation from, and generated energy demand and choosing flexibly.For generator 4, should choose the generator 4 matching with floating water wheels 1 rotary power, guarantee, when floating water wheels 1 rotation function is converted into electric energy, also to allow generator 4 fully beam back its effect, realize the generating of economical and efficient.
In order to increase the steadiness of the blade 12 on floating water wheels 1, can be chosen between the blade 12 on floating water wheels 1 and be provided with deep floor 13.Deep floor 13 shown in Fig. 1, can be connected to each other blade 12 together, increases between blade 12 and resists the ability that external force is pullled, and allows floating water wheels greatly increase for 1 working life.
When choosing the shape of blade 12, in conjunction with concrete engineering experience, described blade 12 can be chosen as by blade connecting end 122 and vane drive end 121 bolts and form, described blade connecting end 122 is arranged at wheel body 11 outer wall, on blade connecting end 122, be provided with positive stop 123, positive stop 123 hinders vane drive end 121 and rotates to a water (flow) direction side pointed.Shown in Fig. 2, positive stop 123 has retrained the sense of rotation of vane drive end 121, guarantee at vane drive end 121 when by water impact, vane drive end 121 all the time with blade connecting end 122 conllinear, existence due to positive stop 123, vane drive end 121 and blade connecting end 122 guarantee all the time in same level position, now, vane drive end 121 all the time with blade connecting end 122 in transform water can optimum position.When vane drive end 121 can be driven by water no longer all the time with blade connecting end 122, due to Action of Gravity Field, vane drive end 121 can form an angle with blade connecting end 122 shapes due to gravity torque effect, now can save preferably space.The design is ingenious utilizes blade connecting end 122 and the vane drive end 121 of bolt with it, is about to water energy transformation efficiency and maximizes, and has saved cleverly again space.
For when the extraneous water yield changes, energy free adjusting, through the water yield of described floating water wheels 1, is provided with water yield regulating gate 21 on water wheel frame 2.As shown in Fig. 3 to Fig. 7, when the water yield is larger, only water yield regulating gate 21 down need be regulated, can reduce to enter into the water yield in water wheel frame 2; In the water yield hour, only water yield regulating gate 21 up need be regulated, can increase the water yield entering in water wheel frame 2.The water yield regulating gate 21 of setting up allows floating water wheels 1 in more suitable water flow environment, not only extends 1 working life of floating water wheels, also allows whole system in optimum controllable state.
In view of flow rate of water flow generally has variation to a certain degree, the running state of the rotating speed when allowing floating water wheels 1 be delivered to generator 4 in generator 4 the bests can be connected by speed increasing mechanism 3 between floating water wheels 1 and generator 4.In general, the rotating speed needing may be lower than the work of generator 4 time due to the actual speed of floating water wheels 1, by setting up speed increasing mechanism 3, lower floating water wheels 1 rotating speed can be converted into the rotating speed that rotating speed is higher, and by setting up speed increasing mechanism 3, high rotating speed being outputed to generator 4 places, speed increasing mechanism 3 generally should guarantee that output speed is that 1500 revs/min of left and right are for best.In addition, in conjunction with practical operation experience, can also utilize the mode that differential mechanism is combined with conventional gears speed increaser to realize above-mentioned speedup function, that is: first the transmission shaft 14 at floating water wheels 1 is transferred to differential mechanism part, then differential mechanism part is delivered to rotation gear speeder part again, finally by gear speeder, the rotating speed having improved is delivered to the input shaft of generator 4, being finally embodied as generator 4 provides steadily and the suitable rotation of rotating speed.In addition, select differential mechanism still owing to can buying at a low price more differential mechanism in the market, by using the mode that differential mechanism is combined with conventional gears speed increaser also can reduce the operation cost of enterprise, allow the utility model have more Economy, for enterprise brings larger economic value.
In conjunction with above-mentioned scheme, in order to make full use of current, realize the raising of water energy transformation efficiency, can select following scheme: comprising at least two floating water wheels 1, is serial fashion connection between described floating water wheels 1.Serial fashion as shown in Figures 3 to 5 connects, and can make full use of the energy of current.Design based on same, as shown in Figure 6 to 7, also can be designed to Placement between floating water wheels 1 parallel way and connect.In conjunction with practical experience, general, can select to adopt mode in parallel and series connection in conjunction with factors such as concrete landform, current characteristic distributions simultaneously, realize and farthest utilize water energy, also give full play to function of the present utility model.
In order to reduce fabricating cost, and allow floating water wheels 1 fully float on the water surface of sleeping, can select such scheme: floating water wheels 1 are formed by plastic production.With the floating water wheels 1 of plastic production, not only fabricating cost can be saved greatly, also can so that make flexibly the floating water wheels 1 of various shapes, allow the utility model have more flexibility.And the floating water wheels 1 of plastic production more adapt to the desirability of floating generating, it is the preferred material of making floating water wheels 1.

Claims (9)

1. floating type hydroturbine generator set, comprise generator (4), it is characterized in that: comprise at least one floating water wheels (1), described floating water wheels (1) by inside be provided with the wheel body (11) of closed cavity (15), the blade (12) that is arranged at the transmission shaft (14) of wheel body (11) both ends of the surface and is evenly fixedly installed on wheel body (11) outer wall forms, it is upper that floating water wheels (1) are rotatably arranged at water wheel frame (2), and the transmission shaft (14) of floating water wheels (1) is connected with generator (4).
2. floating type hydroturbine generator set as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: between the blade (12) on floating water wheels (1), be provided with deep floor (13).
3. floating type hydroturbine generator set as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described blade (12) consists of blade connecting end (122) and vane drive end (121) bolt, described blade connecting end (122) is arranged at wheel body (11) outer wall, on blade connecting end (122), be provided with positive stop (123), positive stop (123) hinders vane drive end (121) and rotates to a water (flow) direction side pointed.
4. floating type hydroturbine generator set as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: on water wheel frame (2), be provided with water yield regulating gate (21).
5. floating type hydroturbine generator set as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: between floating water wheels (1) and generator (4), by speed increasing mechanism (3), be connected.
6. floating type hydroturbine generator set as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: speed increasing mechanism (3) consists of differential mechanism and gear speeder.
7. floating type hydroturbine generator set as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: comprising at least two floating water wheels (1), is serial fashion connection between described floating water wheels (1).
8. floating type hydroturbine generator set as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: comprising at least two floating water wheels (1), is parallel way connection between described floating water wheels (1).
9. floating type hydroturbine generator set as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: floating water wheels (1) are formed by plastic production.
CN201320727482.1U 2013-11-18 2013-11-18 Floating type water wheel generator set Expired - Lifetime CN203560031U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320727482.1U CN203560031U (en) 2013-11-18 2013-11-18 Floating type water wheel generator set

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320727482.1U CN203560031U (en) 2013-11-18 2013-11-18 Floating type water wheel generator set

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203560031U true CN203560031U (en) 2014-04-23

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320727482.1U Expired - Lifetime CN203560031U (en) 2013-11-18 2013-11-18 Floating type water wheel generator set

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CN (1) CN203560031U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104948395A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-09-30 成都高斯电子技术有限公司 Wind driven generator blade
CN106089555A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-09 青岛市机械工业总公司 A kind of marine tidal-current energy generating kenetic energy converting device
CN108488028A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-09-04 广东电网有限责任公司 Engine and generator

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104948395A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-09-30 成都高斯电子技术有限公司 Wind driven generator blade
CN106089555A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-09 青岛市机械工业总公司 A kind of marine tidal-current energy generating kenetic energy converting device
CN108488028A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-09-04 广东电网有限责任公司 Engine and generator
CN108488028B (en) * 2018-05-03 2023-06-23 广东电网有限责任公司 Engine and generator

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Granted publication date: 20140423