CN202596969U - Ecology mini-sized water electrical power generating system - Google Patents

Ecology mini-sized water electrical power generating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202596969U
CN202596969U CN 201220243602 CN201220243602U CN202596969U CN 202596969 U CN202596969 U CN 202596969U CN 201220243602 CN201220243602 CN 201220243602 CN 201220243602 U CN201220243602 U CN 201220243602U CN 202596969 U CN202596969 U CN 202596969U
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China
Prior art keywords
power generating
electrical power
power generation
water
ecology
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CN 201220243602
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹爱平
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曹爱平
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • Y02E10/22Conventional, e.g. with dams, turbines and waterwheels

Abstract

The utility model relates to an ecology mini-sized water electrical power generating system which comprises a group of diversion canals with certain gradient, rotating wheels arranged in the diversion canals, and electrical power generating devices arranged on two sides of the rotating wheels. Each electrical power generating device comprises accelerating boxes, a gear box and a generator set. Each rotating wheel is connected with the accelerating boxes arranged on the two sides through a middle shaft. The accelerating boxes are sequentially connected with the gear box and the generator set through connecting shafts. The ecology mini-sized water electrical power generating system has the advantages of being simple in structure, and capable of centralizing water flow drops when diversion canals, front pools, tail pools and adjusting lock gates and other constructions are built in a water source, adjusting hydroenergy flows, converting potential energy of water flows in rivers, lakes or streams into electrical energy, and effectively utilizing natural hydroenergy resources to generate power. Meanwhile, the ecology mini-sized water electrical power generating system has the advantages of being convenient to install and maintain, low in manufacturing cost, high in electrical power generating efficiency, and the like, and is applied to power generating stations of low waterhead and big flow.

Description

—种生态微水发电系统技术领域 - species in the technical field of micro water power generation system

[0001] 本实用新型涉及ー种利用微水所产生的势能来发电的系统,尤其是ー种生态微水发电系统,属于微型水力发电技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to the use of such systems ー potential energy of the water produced by the micro-power, especially micro ー species in water power generation system, belongs to the technical field of micro-hydro.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前不可再生资源日渐枯竭,环境污染严重,需要开发各种形式的可再生资源替代。 [0002] Currently depleting non-renewable resources, environmental pollution is serious, need to develop various forms of alternative renewable resources. 风、光、水由于储量丰富、清洁无污染等特点,成为理想的可再生资源。 Wind, light, water, due to the abundant, clean and pollution-free characteristics make it ideal for renewable resources. 我国微水力资源丰富,是ー种取之不尽、用之不竭、可再生的清洁能源。 China is rich in micro-hydropower resources, it is ー kind of inexhaustible, renewable and clean energy. 利用水从上往下流时产生的势能进行发电成为近年来生态能源发电的趋势。 Use of potential energy produced when water flows down from power generation in recent years, a trend of ecological energy generation. 市场上已知的发电装置,是用于大型水力发电站,要求有较高的转速,较大的流量和高水头,具有结构较为复杂,造价高等缺点。 Generator means known in the market, is used in large disadvantages hydroelectric power stations, it requires a higher speed, a high flow rate and high head, having a complicated structure, cost.

实用新型内容· SUMMARY ·

[0003] 本实用新型的目的在干:针对上述现有技术存在的问题,提出ー种简单实用,造价低廉,安装维护方便的生态微水发电系统。 [0003] The present invention aims at doing: for the existence of the above-mentioned prior art problems, ー kinds of simple and practical, low cost, easy installation and maintenance of ecological micro water power generation system.

[0004] 为了达到以上目的,本实用新型的生态微水发电系统,其改进之处在于,包括ー组具有一定坡度的引水渠,设置在引水渠中的转轮和安装在转轮两侧的发电装置,所述发电装置包括增速箱、齿轮箱和发电机组,所述转轮通过中轴与分布在其两侧的增速箱连接,所述增速箱依次通过连接轴与齿轮箱、发电机组连接。 [0004] To achieve the above object, the present invention micro-ecological water power generation system, the improvement comprising ー aqueducts group having a certain slope, disposed at the wheel aqueduct and mounted on both sides of the wheel power generation device, said power generation means comprises accelerating gearbox, gearbox and generator, with the wheel axis via the distribution box on both sides thereof in the growth, the growth tank are sequentially connected via a gearbox shaft, generator connection.

[0005] 本实用新型进ー步的完善是,所述引水渠的前端设置前水池,尾端设置尾水池;所述ー组引水渠由上至下依次布置在堤坝上,其中最后ー个引水渠的尾水池内安装水泵,水泵的出水ロ设置在第一个引水渠的前水池内。 Complete [0005] The present invention is further ー into the front end of the former primer pool drains, pool tail trailing end is provided; the group ー aqueduct disposed from top to bottom in the dam, where the last ー primers pump mounting tail pool drains, water pump ro disposed within the first tank before the aqueduct.

[0006] 本实用新型再进ー步的完善是,在所述引水渠内位于发电装置的前方设有调节闸。 Complete [0006] The present invention further step into ー is located in front of the power generation device in an adjusting gate aqueduct.

[0007] 本实用新型更进一歩的完善是,所述坡度为25°。 [0007] The present invention further into a perfect ho is the slope of 25 °.

[0008] 本实用新型的优点在于:本实用新型的生态微水发电系统结构简单,在水源中修筑引水渠、前水池、尾水池和调节闸门等建筑能够集中水流落差,调节水能流量,使得该系统能够在江河、湖泊或溪水的水流中将水流的位能转化为电能,更为有效地利用天然水能资源进行发电,同时发电机组具有安装维护方便,造价低廉,发电效率高等优点,适用于低水头、大流量的发电站。 [0008] The present invention is advantageous in that: the present invention is simple in structure ecological micro-water power generation system, the construction of aqueducts in water, before the pool, the pool and the tail gates and other buildings can be adjusted concentrated water drop, adjusting the water flow, such that the system is capable of converting the potential energy of the water flow in the river, lake or stream to electrical energy, more efficient use of natural water resources for power generation, while the generator set having easy installation and maintenance, low cost, high efficiency power generation, apply in low head, large flow of power stations.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0009] 下面结合附图对本实用新型作进ー步的说明。 [0009] The present invention is made to the accompanying drawings ー feed step described below in conjunction.

[0010] 图I为本实用新型实施例一的结构示意图。 [0010] The novel structural diagram of the embodiment of FIG. I a present invention.

[0011] 图2为本实用新型中转轮两侧的发电装置结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view illustrating the structure of the wheel on both sides of the power generation device practical.

[0012] 图3为本实用新型的工作状态示意图。 [0012] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the operating state of the invention. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0013] 实施例一 [0013] Example a

[0014] 本实施例的生态发电系统,其结构如图I和图2所示,包括ー组具有一定坡度的引水渠1,设置在引水渠I中的转轮2和安装在转轮2两侧的发电装置,其中引水渠I的坡度为25°,可以增加水流的落差,而发电装置包括增速箱3和发电机组4,转轮2通过设置在弓丨水渠I上的万向支撑轴22及其轴承座固定安装在引水渠I两侧的地面上,其中转轮2依次通过中轴21、联轴器23与分布在其两侧的增速箱3连接,增速箱3通过连接轴依次与齿轮箱5、发电机组4连接。 [0014] ecological power generating system according to the present embodiment, the structure shown in FIGS. I and 2, comprising a set of primers ー canal with a certain gradient 1, provided aqueduct and I 2 in the turning wheel 2 is mounted on two power generating device side, wherein the slope of aqueducts I 25 °, can increase the gap flow, and the power generating means comprises a cardan shaft supporting growth tank 3 and generator 4, the wheel 2 is provided on the bow by Shu drains of I its bearing housing 22 is fixedly mounted on the floor on both sides of the aqueduct I, wherein the wheel 2 passes through the central axis 21, the coupling 233 is connected to the distribution box on both sides of the growth, the growth tank 3 through the connection sequentially shaft, generator 4 is connected to the gearbox 5. 引水渠I的前端设置前水池6,尾端设置尾水池7,在引水渠I内位于转轮2的前方设有调节闸门10,以调节引水渠I中的水能流量。 I aqueduct disposed before the front end of the pool 6, the trailing end of the tail tank 7 is provided in the front wheel located aqueducts I 2 is provided with a regulating damper 10, to regulate the flow of water lead in canals I.

[0015] 实际工作时,ー组引水渠由上至下依次布置在堤坝8上,其中最后ー个引水渠I的尾水池7内安装水泵9,水泵9的出水ロ设置在第一个引水渠I的前水池6内,可以将低水位的水流运送到高水位方便水源重复利用,并且在第一个引水渠I的前水池6的出水处设置拦污栅61和闸门(见图3)。 When [0015] the actual work, aqueducts ー Group disposed from top to bottom in the dam 8, wherein the last two aqueducts ー pump mounted within the tail tank 7 I 9, the water pump 9 is provided ro first aqueduct I before the pool 6, low water flow can be easily transported to the high level of water re-use, and the shutter 61 and is provided trash rack (see FIG. 3) before the outlet 6 is pool I at the first aqueduct. 发电时,水源的水流由上水位流入前水池6中储蓄,蓄积到一定水位后,开闸放水,水流经人工修筑的引水渠1,此时水头在I. 8〜3m,水流由上水位流向下水位的落差所具备的位能做功,以2〜5m/s的速度推动转轮2旋转,将水能转换成机械能,同时转轮2的中轴传动两侧增速箱3以带动两侧发电机组4的转子工作,将机械能转化为电能输出。 After the power generation, the flow of water before the water tank 6 by the water level in the deposit is accumulated to a certain level, sluice, water flows through an artificial construction of aqueducts, in this case the head I. 8~3m, water flows from the water level drop the potential energy level of the work provided at a rate 2~5m / s pushing wheel 2 is rotated, to convert water into mechanical energy, while the gear wheel 2 on both sides of the central axis of the accelerating gearbox to drive both 3 4 generator rotor, mechanical energy into electrical energy output.

[0016] 除上述实施例外,本实用新型还可有其他实施方式。 [0016] In addition to the above-described embodiment exceptions, the present invention may have other embodiments. 凡采用等同替换或等效变换形成的技术方案,落在本实用新型要求的保护范围。 Where the use of equivalent replacement or equivalent transformation formed aspect, the present invention fall within the scope of the claims.

Claims (4)

1. 一种生态微水发电系统,其特征是:包括ー组具有一定坡度的引水渠,设置在引水渠中的转轮和安装在转轮两侧的发电装置,所述发电装置包括增速箱、齿轮箱和发电机组,所述转轮通过中轴与分布在其两侧的增速箱连接,所述增速箱依次通过连接轴与齿轮箱、发电机组连接。 An ecological micro-water power generation system, wherein: a set of primers ー canal with a certain slope, aqueduct disposed in the wheel mounted on the wheel and on both sides of the power generation means, the power generating means comprises a growth boxes, gearbox and generator, by the wheel axis and distributed transmission box connected to both sides thereof, said connecting shaft passes through the accelerating gearbox the gearbox, generator connection.
2.根据权利要求I所述的生态微水发电系统,其特征是:所述引水渠的前端设置前水池,尾端设置尾水池;所述ー组引水渠由上至下依次布置在堤坝上,其中最后ー个引水渠的尾水池内安装水泵,水泵的出水ロ设置在第一个弓I水渠的前水池内。 The micro-ecological water power generation system according to claim I, wherein: said lead distal end is provided before the pool drains, pool tail trailing end is provided; the group ー aqueduct disposed from top to bottom in the dam , where the last two aqueducts ー tail within the pool pump installation, ro water pump disposed in the front bow first pool I drains.
3.根据权利要求2所述的生态微水发电系统,其特征是:在所述引水渠内位于发电装置的前方设有调节闸。 3. Micro Ecology water power generation system as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the power generation means located in front of the diversion channel is provided in the brake adjustment.
4.根据权利要求I所述的生态微水发电系统,其特征是:所述坡度为25°。 The micro-ecological water power generation system according to claim I, wherein: the slope of 25 °.
CN 201220243602 2012-05-28 2012-05-28 Ecology mini-sized water electrical power generating system CN202596969U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103526733A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 三峡大学 Flood discharge and power generation energy dissipation hydropower station
CN103953016A (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-07-30 张晏 Channel slope-changing power generation method
CN104480916A (en) * 2014-12-13 2015-04-01 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Multi-part installing method for high flow mixed hydropower station
CN104976022A (en) * 2014-04-12 2015-10-14 姜忠宝 Approach channel type generator
CN105422372A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-23 朱安心 Continuous unit hydroelectric generation system
CN105526039A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-27 刘长春 Tail water power generation system of hydroelectric power plant

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103526733A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 三峡大学 Flood discharge and power generation energy dissipation hydropower station
CN104976022A (en) * 2014-04-12 2015-10-14 姜忠宝 Approach channel type generator
CN103953016A (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-07-30 张晏 Channel slope-changing power generation method
CN103953016B (en) * 2014-05-08 2017-02-22 张晏 Channel slope-changing power generation method
CN104480916A (en) * 2014-12-13 2015-04-01 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Multi-part installing method for high flow mixed hydropower station
CN105526039A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-27 刘长春 Tail water power generation system of hydroelectric power plant
CN105422372A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-23 朱安心 Continuous unit hydroelectric generation system

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