CN203238942U - Floor slab framework system - Google PatentsFloor slab framework system Download PDF
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- CN203238942U CN203238942U CN 201320279636 CN201320279636U CN203238942U CN 203238942 U CN203238942 U CN 203238942U CN 201320279636 CN201320279636 CN 201320279636 CN 201320279636 U CN201320279636 U CN 201320279636U CN 203238942 U CN203238942 U CN 203238942U
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- 239000000725 suspension Substances 0.000 claims description 38
- 229910000831 Steel Inorganic materials 0.000 claims description 7
- 239000010959 steel Substances 0.000 claims description 7
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- 238000009434 installation Methods 0.000 abstract description 9
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 abstract description 9
- 239000002965 rope Substances 0.000 abstract description 3
- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 description 11
- 238000009415 formwork Methods 0.000 description 10
- 238000000465 moulding Methods 0.000 description 8
- 238000009435 building construction Methods 0.000 description 6
- 230000015572 biosynthetic process Effects 0.000 description 4
- 238000005266 casting Methods 0.000 description 4
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 3
- 238000005755 formation reaction Methods 0.000 description 3
- 239000002184 metal Substances 0.000 description 3
- 239000003795 chemical substances by application Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000007906 compression Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000003028 elevating Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000005516 engineering process Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000004048 modification Effects 0.000 description 2
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- 238000009416 shuttering Methods 0.000 description 2
- 210000004279 Orbit Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 230000000712 assembly Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000003014 reinforcing Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000007493 shaping process Methods 0.000 description 1
The utility model relates to the technical field of buildings, in particular to a floor slab framework system. The floor slab framework system comprises a support assembly, a framework assembly and a power assembly, wherein the support assembly comprises a support structural body and multiple hanging rods and is arranged at the upper portion of a floor slab layer to be poured or the framework assembly. The support structural body is supported on a permanent structural body of a building, and the hanging rods are connected with the support structural body. The framework assembly comprises multiple sub-frameworks which are hinged and is detachably connected with the hanging rods. The power assembly comprises a jacking device, a traction device and a traction rope, wherein the traction device is detachably connected with the framework assembly through the traction rope, and the jacking device is connected with the support assembly. The floor slab framework system can achieve floor slab pouring and forming of the whole high-rise building only through one-time installation of the framework assembly and the support assembly, the construction process complexity of the high-rise building is reduced greatly, and the construction efficiency is improved.
The utility model relates to technical field of buildings, more particularly, and particularly a kind of slab form system.
At present, the working procedure of building floor template construction is: at first on ground or lower floor's floor set up support (full hall scaffold or support column); Then form template at the top mounting rail that supports, plate; After template is built and finished, carry out the floor concrete and build operation; Until concrete solidify reach strength of mould stripping after, remove beam, plate and the support of lower floor, be transported to the upper strata and again set up support, beam, plate.
There is following shortcoming in above-mentioned construction technology: the every construction one deck of highrise building needs that all template and support system thereof are broken into conveyable loose mail and is transported to last layer and re-assemblies, how many layers highrise building has will repeat to remove and the assembling how many times, this job practices efficiency of construction is low, the mechanized construction rate is low, and cost is high.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of slab form system, to solve the above problems.
The slab form system comprises in the utility model embodiment: supporting component, template assembly and Power Component; Wherein, described supporting component comprises supporting structure and suspension rod, described supporting component is located at the top of intending building floor layer or described template assembly, and described supporting structure is supported on the permanent structure body of building, and described suspension rod is a plurality of and is connected with described supporting structure; Described template assembly includes a plurality of subtemplates, is hinged between described subtemplate, and described template assembly and described suspension rod removably connect; Described Power Component comprises lift-up device, draw-gear and drag cable, and described draw-gear removably connects by described drag cable and described template assembly; Described lift-up device is connected with described supporting component.
The slab form system that the utility model provides, design by said structure, supporting structure is connected by suspension rod with template assembly, can faces sky in this floor sheet metal forming upper back so that have supporting structure and the suspension rod of supporting role, directly be promoted to last layer by lift-up device.Simultaneously, template assembly is comprised of subtemplate, and is hinged between subtemplate, and this structure design can so that mutually upset between subtemplate directly be pulled to last layer by draw-gear behind this floor plate moulding by casting, be assembled with suspension rod and carry out the next level plate and build again.So, realize only passing through the installation of one-off pattern board component and supporting component, can realize that the floor of whole highrise building is built moulding, reduced dramatically the high-building construction process complexity, improved efficiency of construction.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation that connects between subtemplate among a kind of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation after the template assembly assembling among a kind of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 3 shows the structural representation of slab form system among a kind of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 4 shows the structural representation that template assembly shifts among a kind of embodiment of the utility model;
The corresponding relation of component names and Reference numeral is among Fig. 1 to Fig. 4:
Pre-buried support bar 1; Crossbeam 2; Suspension rod 3; Subtemplate 4; Lift-up device 5;
Draw-gear 6; Drag cable 7; Support column 8; Turn to wheels 9; Permanent structure body a.
The specific embodiment
Also by reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail below by specific embodiment.
Please refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, wherein, Fig. 1 shows the structural representation that connects between subtemplate among a kind of embodiment of the utility model; Fig. 2 shows the structural representation after the template assembly assembling among a kind of embodiment of the utility model; Fig. 3 shows the structural representation of slab form system among a kind of embodiment of the utility model; Fig. 4 shows the structural representation that template assembly shifts among a kind of embodiment of the utility model.
The utility model provides a kind of slab form system, is used for carrying out building of highrise building, and in the utility model, this system includes: supporting component, template assembly and Power Component.
Supporting component comprises supporting structure and suspension rod 3, and supporting component is located at the top of intending building floor layer or template assembly, and supporting structure is supported on the permanent structure body of building, and suspension rod 3 is a plurality of and is connected with supporting structure; Template assembly includes a plurality of subtemplates 4, and 4 of subtemplates are hinged, and template assembly and suspension rod 3 removably connect; Power Component comprises lift-up device 5, draw-gear 6 and drag cable 7, and draw-gear 6 removably connects by drag cable 7 and template assembly; Lift-up device 5 is connected with supporting component.
Particularly, supporting structure comprises pre-buried support bar 1, support column 8 and crossbeam 2, and crossbeam 2 is arranged on the support column 8; Lift-up device 5 is arranged on the pre-buried support bar 1, and crossbeam 2 is connected with support column 8, and crossbeam 2 is connected with pre-buried support bar 1 by lift-up device 5.
In a specific embodiment of the present utility model, crossbeam 2 is horizontally placed on the pre-buried support bar 1, and suspension rod 3 is arranged on the crossbeam 2.Pre-buried support bar 1 adopts the steel structure design, and is initial building of highrise building to those skilled in the art, at first needs to carry out building of permanent structure body a.Permanent structure body a has the effect of support, and it is the basis that the work such as realize that floor is built is carried out.1 of pre-buried support bar is embedded among the permanent structure body a when permanent structure body a builds in advance, is used for supporting other assemblies of slab form system.
Acting as of crossbeam 2: the first, be used for suspension rod 3 is installed, and be connected with pre-buried support bar 1, thereby realize the active force on the suspension rod 3 is transferred on the pre-buried support bar 1; The second, support bar is connected into integral body, increases stability and also be beneficial to the supporting component integral jacking, becoming in the bad situation, suspension rod also can oblique pull to support bar.Crossbeam 2 includes a plurality of, whole crossbeam 2 and is horizontally disposed with, and by being interconnected to form supporting plane, thereby guaranteeing whole suspension rod 3 behind the connection mode board component, it is stable that template assembly keeps.
Suspension rod 3 is parts of connection mode board component and crossbeam 2, crossbeam 2 can form the supporting plane of level from the above, behind the suspension rod 3 connection mode board components, can provide a supporting role for template assembly, guarantee that template assembly forms a stable forming surface, forming surface is used for concrete and builds.
Template assembly includes a plurality of subtemplates, and 4 of subtemplates are hinged, and subtemplate 4 removably connects with suspension rod 3.
Template assembly is used for the moulding of building of floor, and it includes a plurality of subtemplates.The upper side of subtemplate 4 is the forming surface that contacts with the building concrete; The downside of subtemplate 4 is used for realizing the connection of 4 of subtemplates, and 4 of subtemplates adopt articulated manner to realize connecting.By said structure design, can so that 4 of subtemplates can mutually rotate.
Power Component comprises lift-up device 5, draw-gear 6 and drag cable 7, and draw-gear 6 is connected with subtemplate 4 by drag cable 7; Support column 8 is installed on the lift-up device 5, and lift-up device 5 is arranged on the pre-buried support bar 1, and crossbeam 2 is connected with support column 8, and crossbeam 2 is connected with pre-buried support bar 1 by lift-up device 5.
Acting as of lift-up device 5 promotes crossbeam 2, builds after shaping work finishes at this floor plate, can be so that the supporting plane that crossbeam 2 forms in the situation of not removing, directly is promoted to building of last layer floor provides support.
6 of draw-gears can directly be pulled out template assembly by structural holes such as the door on the building, windows, and are transported to last layer and have risen to last layer with crossbeam 2 by lift-up device 5 with suspension rod 3(suspension rod 3) be connected.
Need to prove at this:
The first, after this floor plate is built moulding, promote by 5 pairs of crossbeams 2 of lift-up device, so that crossbeam 2, suspension rod 3 etc. rise to last layer, for the installation of template assembly is prepared;
The second, formed between supporting plane and the template assembly by crossbeam 2 and have gap (crossbeam 2 is connected by suspension rod 3 with template assembly), this gap is used for the building concrete and builds the formation floor, so so that behind this floor sheet metal forming, sky is faced on supporting plane top, can directly promote;
Three, template assembly is comprised of subtemplate 4,4 of subtemplates are hinged, crossbeam 2 is fixedly installed under the effect of pre-buried support bar 1, suspension rod 3 is connected with subtemplate 4, can guarantee that subtemplate 4 is fixedly installed, after removing being connected between suspension rod 3 and the subtemplate 4, subtemplate 4 can overturn, pass the structural holes such as door on the building, window by draw-gear 6 and be pulled to last layer, thereby carry out the moulding by casting of last layer floor.
The slab form system that the utility model provides, design by said structure, crossbeam 2 is connected by suspension rod 3 with template assembly, can faces sky in this floor sheet metal forming upper back so that have crossbeam 2 and the suspension rod 3 of supporting role, directly be promoted to last layer by lift-up device 5.Simultaneously, template assembly is comprised of subtemplate 4, and 4 of subtemplates are hinged, and this structure design can be so that 4 mutually upsets of subtemplate, behind this floor plate moulding by casting, directly be pulled to last layer by draw-gear 6, again assemble with suspension rod 3 and carry out the next level plate and build.So, realize only passing through the installation of one-off pattern board component and supporting component, can realize that the floor of whole highrise building is built moulding, reduced dramatically the high-building construction process complexity, improved efficiency of construction.
Particularly, in a specific embodiment of the present utility model, draw-gear 6 includes tractor and turns to wheels 9, and an end of drag cable 7 is connected with subtemplate 4, the other end of drag cable 7 is connected with tractor, and subtemplate 4 and drag cable 7 can be rotationally connected with turning to wheels 9.
Tractor is connected with drag cable 7, and tractor rotates and drag cable 7 can be rolled or decontroled, and subtemplate 4 is transferred in the floor operation process of upper strata at needs, and tractor can provide power for the movement of subtemplate 4.Turn to and include a plurality of deflecting rollers in the wheels 9, deflecting roller is fixedly installed on braced structures or the floor end carriage, and drag cable 7 can change its draw direction by deflecting roller, thereby changes the moving direction of subtemplate 4.
Specifically being installed as of draw-gear 6:
At first tractor is arranged on the supporting component; Then turn to wheels 9(to turn to the setting principle of wheels 9 the shortest in principle of optimality take subtemplate 4 mobile routes according to concrete actual conditions setting); After subtemplate 4 splicings are good, drag cable 7 is connected with template assembly (outermost subtemplate 4 in the template assembly); Drag cable 7 is walked around and is overlapped on the deflecting roller, and the one end is connected with subtemplate 4, and its other end then is connected with tractor.
Subtemplate 4 structures whole in the utility model are identical, so, it is comparatively single to splice the template assembly plane structure that, in order to improve the diversity of template assembly splicing back plane structure, the utility model also includes corner template, and corner template is horizontally disposed with and can removably connects with subtemplate 4.By being provided with corner template, after subtemplate 4 splices agent structure, can corner template be installed on this agent structure according to predetermined floor shape, thereby so that the slab form system mouldable that the utility model provides goes out the floor of various shape.
Such as Fig. 1, be that subtemplate 4 is simple in structure among the embodiment of " one " font cuboid at subtemplate 4, be convenient to processing and installation.In order to make the rear structure stress of template assembly splicing more reasonable, can increase the local height of subtemplate 4 hinge point, it is the long bench type (inverse u shape) that subtemplate 4 also can be designed to increase by two place's hinge point height, or " comb " type of increase many places hinge point local height, so after the design, spliced template assembly has seen that from structure stress beam has plate, and depth of beam is greater than plate, stressed more reasonable, be conducive to save the material of subtemplate and reduce subtemplate weight.
Particularly, in a specific embodiment of the present utility model, draw-gear 6 is hoist engine.
Particularly, in another specific embodiment of the present utility model, lift-up device 5 is jack.
Particularly, subtemplate is the steel subtemplate.
Particularly, corner template is the steel corner template.
Adopt the steel template, can improve the structural strength of template, prolong its application life.And owing to adopted the steel template, the situation that can also effectively avoid template to deform improves the precision of floor moulding.
The utility model also provides a kind of casting method of highrise building, comprises step: S1, build permanent structure body a; S2, use slab form described above system carry out floor and build.
By above-described embodiment as can be known, the slab form system that the utility model provides is not carrying out in the situation of form removal by its structure design, realizes the integrated moving of floor mold, thereby reduces the complexity of high-building construction technique, improves efficiency of construction.
Building in the method for the building construction that provides at the utility model, owing to used above-mentioned slab form system, therefore, the very big operating efficiency of degree raising high-building construction.
Need to prove that again the slab form system is after subtemplate 4 splicings are good in the utility model, concrete cast can with reference to job practices of the prior art, no longer be given unnecessary details at this.
Particularly, the slab form system comprises supporting component, template assembly and Power Component, and step S2 specifically comprises step: S2.1, builds supporting component and template assembly; S2.2, on template assembly, build the concrete structure; S2.3, remove the connection between supporting component and template assembly, and by Power Component with the supporting component jacking to last layer, and template assembly is transported to last layer.
In the present embodiment, permanent structure body a is permanent structure post or body of wall.
The preferred plan implementation step of root a tree name this patent is as follows:
The first step: build the first floor pillar and in pillar pre-buried support bar 1, then lift-up device 5 → installation support column 8 → installation crossbeam 2 → installation suspension rod 3(supporting component is installed is formed) → assembling subtemplate 4 → be linked to be integral body (template assembly formations) → installations draw-gear 6 and drag cable 7 and turn to the formation of wheels 9(Power Component subtemplate 4 is hinged).
Second step: connect suspension rod 3 are connected with subtemplate → adjust the position of template assembly make reach designing requirement → fragmentary corner template install → install floor bar → build floor beam slab concrete and treat concrete strength reach form removal and require → take apart being connected of suspension rod 3 and subtemplate 4 and subtemplate 4 is temporarily fixed on floor → extended support bar → with the interim fillet startup draw-gear 6 of jacking apparatus 5 supreme floors of jacking supporting component → build last layer pillar → hauling rope 7 is connected with template one side by turning to wheels 9 to be pulled to the form removal layer → limit form removal and floor draw templates to last layer →
The 3rd step: the step that repeatedly repeats second step is finished the second layer to the construction on roof;
The 4th step: remove the slab form system.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
Slab formwork is comprised of supporting component, template assembly and Power Component, supporting component is installed in build floor concrete layer to be poured top, formed by crossbeam and support column, crossbeam is connected into mutually the plane girder system, support column top is connected with the plane girder system, support column is installed on the lift-up device (such as jack), can be as required with the whole upwards jacking of supporting component; The top of suspension rod is connected with crossbeam, and the bottom is connected with template assembly, and the Load Transfer that the subtemplate system is born is to supporting component; The subtemplate system adopts articulated manner that horizontal shuttering bottom (the vertical formwork outside) is hinged to integral body, the principle of Compression side pressurized, opposite side tension when utilizing simply supported beam (plate) bearing load, behind the formwork erection, template upper portion pressurized between suspension rod, bottom tension, the integral slab of formation energy bearing load; During form removal, hinged lower in bottom hinge, the subtemplate of adjacent block can be around the hinge rotation, and the subtemplate system can overall pulling down, and can rotate to the wheels turning, can realize that the subtemplate system is transported to last layer by turning to wheels to walk around floor integral body from side direction under the hoist engine traction; Turn to wheels to be installed in and treat form removal floor layer outermost door and window hole position, turn to wheels and drag cable to turn to wheels to form by template, draw-gear and drag cable and the template that is connected into integral body with being hinged can realize turning by turning to wheels; Drag cable can forward lower floor's traction template of plan form removal to the upper strata of intending formwork erection by turning to wheels.
1, compared with prior art, technical benefits of the present utility model is: the temperature field template construction only needs at first floor a template to be installed, template can rise to upper floor and the roof that need to build operation by machinery, after finishing, removes again at last one time on the roof template, the temperature field template construction be can finish, repeatedly installation and removal template and support problem thereof solved in the high-building construction.
2, prior art formwork erection scheme below build floor to be poured, after floor is built and finished, because top is subject to the floor constraint, can not integral body be climbed supporting component design, and whenever having built one deck needs that all supporting component is broken into loose mail and be transported to the upper strata and re-assembly; The technical program designs supporting component above build floor to be poured, and in support column, design lift-up device, adopt suspension rod with the Load Transfer of template system to supporting component, supporting component is again with post or the wall of Load Transfer to building, because sky is faced on supporting component top, build and finish rear support assembly and suspension rod and under the lift-up device effect, can whole freely climb, re-assembly again after need not to break transhipment.The machinery of not only having realized supporting component itself climbs, and some common used materials and equipment can be placed on the supporting component simultaneously and climb together.
3, in the prior art formwork erection scheme before Form beam and the plate formwork erection be loose mail independently, the larger integral body of rigidity behind the formwork erection, top is retrained by floor, the bottom is retrained by supporting component, can not integral body be transported to last layer, whenever having built all needs Jiang Liang and plate to split into respectively behind one deck to re-assembly after loose mail is transported to last layer again; The technical program is designed to one with Form beam and plate, and at horizontal shuttering subtemplate bottom and vertical formwork subtemplate outside design connecting hinge, the template subtemplate is hinged to integral body, Compression side pressurized when utilizing simply supported beam (plate) bearing load, the principle of opposite side tension, behind the formwork erection, subtemplate upper portion pressurized between suspension rod, the bottom tension, form the integral slab of energy bearing load, during form removal, under the connection of bottom hinge, the subtemplate of autonomous block can be around the hinge rotation, the subtemplate system can overall pulling down, and can be with turning to wheels to turn, realized the subtemplate system under the hoist engine traction by door and window hole turn to wheels to walk around floor integral body to be transported to last layer, re-assembly again after need not to break transhipment.
4, in the prior art scheme subsurface material and equipment is transported to upper strata minute lower layer of water fortune, vertical handling, the upper water fortune three process of flatting turn of flatting turn, the level transhipment is commonly used manually to be carried out, vertical transhipment artificial or external equipment handling, time-consuming, and lifting capacity is limited by transporting capacity or handling appliance elevating capacity, and needing that material is splitted into the loose mail that satisfies carrying or elevating capacity requirement could carry or lift by crane.The technical program is by draw-gear (such as hoist engine) and turn to the wheels modular design, make draw-gear possess the function of horizontal and vertical transhipment material, transhipment material between building storey is flatted turn and transported three process and be reduced to and once draw a procedure by flat turn fortune, vertical handling, upper water of lower layer of water; Change handling in orbit traction transhipment, can draw the greater weight material with the draw-gear of less tonnage; With draw-gear, turn to wheels to be installed in design on the supporting component, they can be climbed with supporting component, need not again to transport to reinstall.
5, draw-gear is fixed on design on the supporting component, draw-gear is climbed with supporting component, just can use after the once mounting always, reinstall the trouble of the draw-gear of handling material after having avoided successively removing in the prior art, so just can many draw-gears be installed at supporting component and form trailer system, not only can draw template, all right handling reinforcing bar, concrete, packing material, finishing material etc. partly or entirely replace using large lifting equipment handling material.
The above is preferred embodiment of the present utility model only, is not limited to the utility model, and for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various modifications and variations.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the present utility model.
1. a slab form system is characterized in that, comprising: supporting component, template assembly and Power Component; Wherein,
Described supporting component comprises supporting structure and suspension rod, and described supporting component is located at the top of intending building floor layer or described template assembly, and described supporting structure is supported on the permanent structure body of building, and described suspension rod is a plurality of and is connected with described supporting structure;
Described template assembly includes a plurality of subtemplates, is hinged between described subtemplate, and described template assembly and described suspension rod removably connect;
Described Power Component comprises lift-up device, draw-gear and drag cable, and described draw-gear removably connects by described drag cable and described template assembly; Described lift-up device is connected with described supporting component.
2. slab form according to claim 1 system is characterized in that described supporting structure comprises pre-buried support bar, support column and crossbeam, and described crossbeam is arranged on the described support column; Described lift-up device is arranged on the described pre-buried support bar, and described crossbeam is connected with described support column, and described crossbeam is connected with described pre-buried support bar by described lift-up device.
3. slab form according to claim 2 system, it is characterized in that, described draw-gear includes tractor and turns to wheels, one end and the described subtemplate of described drag cable removably connect, the other end of described drag cable is connected with described tractor, and described subtemplate and described drag cable can be rotationally connected with the described wheels that turn to.
4. slab form according to claim 3 system is characterized in that also comprise corner template, described corner template and described subtemplate removably connect.
5. slab form according to claim 4 system is characterized in that described tractor is hoist engine.
6. slab form according to claim 5 system is characterized in that described lift-up device is jack.
7. according to claim 1 to 6 each described slab form systems, it is characterized in that described subtemplate is the steel subtemplate; Described corner template is the steel corner template.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN 201320279636 CN203238942U (en)||2013-05-21||2013-05-21||Floor slab framework system|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN 201320279636 CN203238942U (en)||2013-05-21||2013-05-21||Floor slab framework system|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN203238942U true CN203238942U (en)||2013-10-16|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN 201320279636 Withdrawn - After Issue CN203238942U (en)||2013-05-21||2013-05-21||Floor slab framework system|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN203238942U (en)|
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN103243908A (en) *||2013-05-21||2013-08-14||罗灿雄||Slab formwork system and house building construction method|
- 2013-05-21 CN CN 201320279636 patent/CN203238942U/en not_active Withdrawn - After Issue
Cited By (2)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN103243908A (en) *||2013-05-21||2013-08-14||罗灿雄||Slab formwork system and house building construction method|
|CN103243908B (en) *||2013-05-21||2015-08-05||罗灿雄||Slab form system and building construction build method|
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|C14||Grant of patent or utility model|
|RGAV||Abandon patent right to avoid regrant|
|AV01||Patent right actively abandoned||
Granted publication date: 20131016
Effective date of abandoning: 20150805