CN203184553U - Full-automatic processing forming device of elastic check ring - Google Patents

Full-automatic processing forming device of elastic check ring Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203184553U
CN203184553U CN 201320110361 CN201320110361U CN203184553U CN 203184553 U CN203184553 U CN 203184553U CN 201320110361 CN201320110361 CN 201320110361 CN 201320110361 U CN201320110361 U CN 201320110361U CN 203184553 U CN203184553 U CN 203184553U
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mould
mould bases
cut
dynamic model
punch
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CN 201320110361
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Chinese (zh)
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吴成涛
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Abstract

The utility model provides a full-automatic processing forming device of elastic check rings. The full-automatic processing forming device produces the elastic check rings through stepping feeding, grading stamping and multi-directional curve forming processes, the using ratio of raw material is greatly improved, and product quality and production efficiency are improved. The full-automatic processing forming device of the elastic check rings comprises a machine frame, a straightener, a feeding mechanism, a punch mechanism, a cutting mechanism and a forming mechanism, wherein the straightener, the feeding mechanism, the punch mechanism, the cutting mechanism and the forming mechanism are sequentially arranged on the machine frame. A raw material metal wire firstly passes through the straightener to be straightened and then enters the feeding mechanism, and the feeding mechanism conducts stepping feeding according to the fixed step length to enable the metal wire to sequentially enter from the headmost end in a forced mode. The punch mechanism conducts blanking on the headmost end of the metal wire to form an arc strip blank having definite curvature. The cutting mechanism conducts cutting on the blank which is blanked to separate the blank required by the forming mechanism, and the cut blank is rolled into a ring with an opening through the forming mechanism.

Description

Circlip automatically shape device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of processing method and equipment of circlip, specifically, relate to and a kind ofly can greatly improve utilization rate of raw materials, reduce production costs, improve the quality of products and the processing technology of the circlip of enhancing productivity and shape device.
Background technology
The domestic industry process is started late, but development speed is exceedingly fast, this basic industry that just requires to be correlated with can be got caught up in step, and back-up ring obtains using extremely widely in industrial production as a kind of standard component, and demand sharply expands, circlip is a kind of cast parts that are fastened on the axle, can prevent from being contained in other part plaies on the axle, be widely used in the occasion that all trades and professions have axle, demand is very big, English name: [closing] ring, material mainly contains carbon spring steel and stainless steel.
Present domestic major part is still produced circlip traditionally, punching on common punch press-blanking two procedures is finished, extremely low φ 55 holes of utilization rate of raw materials only have an appointment 17% with back-up ring by this process materials utilization rate, in addition, artificial too much participation makes product quality extremely unstable, per pass operation 10000/8 hours, efficient is extremely low, and every cost is all high; Have, too much manually-operated makes personnel's fatiguability, the accident rate height again, also have, there is certain lines general carbon spring steel and the stainless steel capital, and traditional Sheet Metal Forming Technology can be destroyed carbon spring steel and stainless lines, cause the intensity of producing circlip to be subjected to certain influence.
The utility model content
At above deficiency, what the utility model provided a kind of circlip automatically shapes device, it utilizes step feeding, progressive stamping and multi-faceted the shaping fully greatly to improve utilization rate of raw materials, reduces production costs, and improves the quality of products and enhances productivity.
The device that automatically shapes of circlip of the present utility model comprises frame, feed mechanism, punch body, shut-off mechanism and builder are installed on the described frame successively, metal wire rod places on the described feed mechanism, feed mechanism carries out step feeding according to fixed step size, to force entering successively foremost of metal wire rod: punch body, the stamping-out that carries out foremost to metal wire rod is handled the arcuation type bar blank that has certain curvature with formation; Shut-off mechanism, the arcuation type bar blank of making arrangement after due consideration after the reason that liquidates cuts off processing, isolates the required blank of builder; Builder becomes to have the circle of an opening with the arcuation type crimped after cutting off.
Described punch body comprises the quiet mould mould bases of the punch press that is fixedly mounted on the described frame and punch press dynamic model mould bases, and the punching machine mold that is installed at least one group of action that cooperatively interacts on the quiet mould mould bases of described punch press and the punch press dynamic model mould bases respectively.
Described punch body comprises at least two group punching machine molds, every group of punching machine mold comprises the trim die that is arranged on the quiet mould mould bases of described punch press and the trimming punch that is installed on the described punch press dynamic model mould bases, and each is organized punching machine mold and adopts the progressive mode of distribution to carry out the stamping-out processing.
Described shut-off mechanism comprises the quiet mould mould bases of the cut-out that is fixedly mounted on the described frame and cuts off the dynamic model mould bases, and the cut-out mould that is installed in the quiet mould mould bases of described cut-out respectively and cuts off at least one group of action that cooperatively interacts on the dynamic model mould bases,
Described cut-out mould comprises the cut-out die holder that is arranged on the quiet mould mould bases of described cut-out two ends, and be installed in described cut-out dynamic model mould bases two ends respectively with the cut-out dynamic model of described cut-out die holder interoperation.
Described builder comprises the quiet mould mould bases of the shaping that is fixedly mounted on the described frame and shaping dynamic model mould bases, and the shaping dies that is installed in the action that cooperatively interacts on the quiet mould mould bases of described shaping and the shaping dynamic model mould bases respectively,
Described shaping dies comprises the cylinder core that is fixed on the quiet mould mould bases of described shaping, and is installed on the described shaping dynamic model mould bases, forces described arcuation type bar to abut against going up on the core circumferential wall and bends mould, the curved mould in a left side and right curved mould.
Described shaping dies also comprises can be along the spring bearer plate of slip before and after the described core circumferential wall.
Described frame is equipped with straightener on also, and the metal wire rod after described straightener will be aligned is sent into described feed mechanism.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: the utility model at first carries out stamping-out to metal wire rod to be handled, then the arcuation type bar that forms behind the stamping-out is cut off processing, at last the independently arcuation type bar after cutting off being carried out bending forming handles, can improve raw-material utilization rate greatly, reduce production costs, also can avoid disposable drawing that the intensity of circlip is impacted; In addition, punching machine mold of the present utility model adopts and distributes progressive mode that the zones of different of same arcuation type bar is carried out the stamping-out processing, can avoid disposable stamping-out that the intensity of arcuation type bar is impacted, and greatly improves the quality of product; Have, feed mechanism of the present utility model adopts step feeding, can realize the full-automation of whole material loading, punch press, cut-out and shaping, greatly improves production efficiency of products again.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that automatically shapes device of circlip of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation (overlooking direction) of punch body of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the scheme of installation (main apparent direction) of shut-off mechanism of the present utility model and builder;
Fig. 4 is the scheme of installation (overlooking direction) of shut-off mechanism of the present utility model and builder.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further set forth, wherein, direction of the present utility model is standard with Fig. 1.
The processing technology of circlip of the present utility model has realized the full-automatic shaping processing of circlip, has reduced production cost, improves the quality of products, and has improved production efficiency greatly, plays significant effect in actual production.It mainly divides aligning part, feeding part, punch-out, cut-off parts and shaped portion, be raw material (perhaps sheet metal strip forms metal wire rods through preliminary treatment) with the metal wire rod, the alignment that raw material (metal wire rod) at first pass through lathe (frame) is partly carried out alignment and is handled; Clamp mechanism by mechanical type feeding part clamps self-feeding according to the feeding step-length (fixed step size) that has mixed up then, and material is sent punch-out to; Then finish stamping-out and preform processing through punch-out, form the arcuation type bar with certain curvature with the front end at metal wire rod, continue to send to cut-off parts; Separate blank through cut-off parts again, to form independently arcuation type bar, isolate the required blank of builder; The arcuation type crimped of last shaped portion after the district that is shaped will cut off becomes to have the circle of an opening, obtains final part (circlip) and releases the district that is shaped, and realizes a working cycles.Lathe can be realized stepless speed regulation by Frequency Converter Control, and each bending die slide block drives by cam, is connected with the lathe friction, and is easy to adjust, can overload protection, and the imaging order successively of each bending die slide block realizes by the angle of adjustment cam and power transmission shaft.The utility model can be by adjusting feeding step-length, process sequence and working time etc., be equipped with suitable mould, can disposablely process the small-sized irregular part of different shape complexity, be adapted to reach in batch a large amount of production punchings, bending and formation of parts, can regulate speed of production by infinitely variable speeds in the lathe production process, can regulate arbitrarily according to formation of parts complexity lathe speed of production.
As shown in Figure 1, the device that automatically shapes of circlip of the present utility model comprises frame 1, straightener 7, feed mechanism 2, punch body 3, shut-off mechanism 4 and builder 5, straightener 7, feed mechanism 2, punch body 3, shut-off mechanism 4 and builder 5 are installed in frame 1 successively, metal wire rod 6(raw material) at first carry out alignment through straightener 7, enter feed mechanism 2 then, feed mechanism 2 carries out step feeding according to fixed step size, to force entering successively foremost of metal wire rod 6: punch body 3, the stamping-out that carries out foremost to metal wire rod 6 is handled the arcuation type bar 61 that has certain curvature with formation; Shut-off mechanism 4, the arcuation type bar 61 of making arrangement after due consideration after the reason that liquidates cuts off processing; Builder 5 becomes to have the circle of an opening with the arcuation type crimped after cutting off.
Straightener 7 generally is made up of five passive smoothing rolls, in order to metal wire rod 6 is carried out alignment, for follow-up other parts workspace provides good materials behavior, guarantee material smooth, stable send to, punching press and shaping.
The power that feed mechanism 2 provides metal wire rod 6 to move, it forces the front end of metal wire rod 6 to enter punch body 3, shut-off mechanism 4 and builder 5 successively by comprehensive functions such as cam, fork peace shape quadrangular mechanisms, to realize the step feeding of metal wire rod 6, the feeding step-length can be through the machinery adjustment.
As shown in Figure 2, punch body 3 comprises the quiet mould mould bases 31 of punch press, punch press dynamic model mould bases 32 and at least one group of punching machine mold 33, the utility model adopts at least two group punching machine molds 33, each is organized punching machine mold 33 and adopts the progressive mode of distribution to carry out the stamping-out processing, the quiet mould mould bases 31 of punch press and punch press dynamic model mould bases 32 are fixedly mounted on the relevant position of frame 1 respectively, each punching machine mold 33 is installed in the relevant position of the quiet mould mould bases 31 of punching machine mold 33 punch presses and punch press dynamic model mould bases 32 respectively, every group of punching machine mold 33 all comprises trim die 331 and trimming punch 332, each trim die 331 is arranged on the quiet mould mould bases of punch press 31 relevant positions, each trimming punch 332 is installed in punch press dynamic model mould bases 32 positions corresponding to each trim die 331, and trim die 331 is finished the stamping-out operation with trimming punch 332 interoperations.Punch body 3 is key links of finishing the part stamping-out, drives each trimming punch 332 respectively by bent axle-linkage and does linear reciprocating motion along punch press dynamic model mould bases 32.Generally speaking, punching machine mold 33 arranges different trim die 331 and trimming punch 332 according to the difference of stamping-out position, and each punching machine mold adopts the mode of asynchronous stamping-out, and namely different punching machine molds are worked at interval according to certain time sequence.
Shut-off mechanism 4 is controlled by cam, sheet metal strip or metal wire rod can be cut off accurately by the part forming requirement, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, shut-off mechanism 4 comprises the quiet mould mould bases 41 of cut-out, cut off dynamic model mould bases 42 and at least one group of cut-out mould 43, cut off quiet mould mould bases 41 and cut off dynamic model mould bases 42 and be fixedly mounted on the frame 1, cutting off mould 43 comprises the cut-out die holder 431 of two groups of actions that cooperatively interact and cuts off dynamic model 432, two cut off die holder 431 is fixedly mounted on the two ends, the left and right sides that cut off quiet mould mould bases 41 respectively, two cut off dynamic model 432 is movably arranged on the position that cuts off dynamic model mould bases 42 correspondences respectively, utilize two groups of cut-out die holders that are synchronized with the movement 431 and cut off cooperatively interacting of dynamic model 432, separate with metal wire rod 6 with realization arcuation type bar (foremost), and cut away the unnecessary part in arcuation type bar two ends simultaneously.
Builder 5 utilizes horizontal plane orthogonal arrangement Four-slider and vertical direction two slide blocks to be controlled by cam, can finish multi-faceted bending and forming action, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, builder 5 comprises the quiet mould mould bases 51 that is shaped, shaping dynamic model mould bases 52 and shaping dies 53, be shaped quiet mould mould bases 51 and shaping dynamic model mould bases 52 is fixedly mounted on the frame 1, shaping dies 53 comprises core 531, go up curved mould 532, the curved mould 533 in a left side and right curved mould 534, core 531 is fixedly mounted on the quiet mould mould bases 51 that is shaped, the exterior contour of core 531 is cylinder, also can with respect to the back side of bending mould 532 groove be set at core 531, the length direction of this groove is consistent with the length direction of core 531, go up curved mould 532, the curved mould 533 in a left side and right curved mould 534 are movably arranged on respectively on the shaping dynamic model mould bases 52, go up curved mould 532, form the shaping district of builder 5 between the curved mould 533 in a left side and the right curved mould 534, curved mould 532 forces arcuation type bar 6 to be down " U " type to abut against on core 531 circumferential wall, utilize the curved mould 533 in a left side and the right mould 534 of bending to force down " U " type arcuation type bar 61 to abut against on core 531 circumferential wall in the utilization.
The utility model can also be at the sheathed spring bearer plate 535 of the outer wall of core 531, spring bearer plate 535 is movably arranged on the quiet mould mould bases 51 that is shaped, under external force, spring bearer plate 535 can slide before and after core 531 circumferential wall, the utility model can will cut off dynamic model mould bases 42 as antecurvature mould simultaneously, about blank (arcuation type bar 61) at first utilizes and is arranged on the antecurvature mould two cut off dynamic models 432 be fixed on cut off corresponding on the quiet mould mould bases 41 about two quiet cutoff tools of cut-out die holder 431() interoperation, the realization blank separates with metal wire rod, cut off the unnecessary part in blank two ends simultaneously, blank after the cut-out is sent to the district that is shaped by antecurvature mould, antecurvature mould and be installed in the width that forms a thick 1.8mm(blank between the spring bearer plate 535 on the quiet mould mould bases 51 that is shaped) the closed area, guarantee blank excessive warpage not in forming process, before antecurvature mould moves to during stop, going up curved mould moves downward, forcing blank to be down " U " shape is trapped among on the core 531, then, the curved mould 533 in a left side is bent mould 534 simultaneously to central motion (core 531 directions) with the right side, force down the blank of " U " shape to abut against fully on the circumferential wall of core 531 and be shaped as final part profile (circlip), at last, go up curved mould 532, the curved mould 533 in a left side, right curved mould 534 and antecurvature mould withdraw from the district that is shaped successively, the part that it is good that spring bearer plate 535 will be shaped is released core 531, the good part freely falling body that is shaped drops out the district that is shaped, such working cycles finishes, and enters next working cycles.
The above only is preferred embodiments of the present utility model, the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in implementation process, may there be local small structural modification, if various changes of the present utility model or modification are not broken away from spirit and scope of the present utility model, and belong within claim of the present utility model and the equivalent technologies scope, then the utility model also is intended to comprise these changes and modification.

Claims (9)

1. a circlip automatically shapes device, it comprises frame (1), it is characterized in that, feed mechanism (2) is installed on the described frame (1) successively, punch body (3), shut-off mechanism (4) and builder (5), metal wire rod (6) places on the described feed mechanism (2), feed mechanism (2) carries out step feeding according to fixed step size, to force entering successively foremost of metal wire rod (6): punch body (3), the stamping-out that carries out foremost to metal wire rod (6) is handled arcuation type bar (61) blank that has certain curvature with formation; Shut-off mechanism (4), the arcuation type bar (61) of making arrangement after due consideration after the reason that liquidates cuts off processing; Builder (5) is curled into the circle with an opening with the arcuation type bar blank after cutting off.
2. circlip according to claim 1 automatically shapes device, it is characterized in that, described punch body (3) comprises the quiet mould mould bases of the punch press that is fixedly mounted on the described frame (1) (31) and punch press dynamic model mould bases (32), and the punching machine mold (33) that is installed at least one group of action that cooperatively interacts on the quiet mould mould bases of described punch press (31) and the punch press dynamic model mould bases (32) respectively.
3. circlip according to claim 2 automatically shapes device, it is characterized in that, described punch body (3) comprises at least two group punching machine molds (33), every group of punching machine mold (33) comprises the trim die (331) that is arranged on the quiet mould mould bases of described punch press (31) and is installed in trimming punch (332) on the described punch press dynamic model mould bases (32), and each is organized punching machine mold (33) and adopts and distribute progressive mode to carry out stamping-out to handle.
4. circlip according to claim 1 automatically shapes device, it is characterized in that, described shut-off mechanism (4) comprises the quiet mould mould bases of the cut-out that is fixedly mounted on the described frame (1) (41) and cuts off dynamic model mould bases (42), and the cut-out mould (43) that is installed in the quiet mould mould bases of described cut-out (41) respectively and cuts off at least one group of action that cooperatively interacts on the dynamic model mould bases (42).
5. circlip according to claim 4 automatically shapes device, it is characterized in that, described cut-out mould (43) comprises the cut-out die holder (431) that is arranged on the quiet mould mould bases of described cut-out (41) two ends, and be installed in described cut-out dynamic model mould bases (42) two ends respectively with the cut-out dynamic model (432) of described cut-out die holder (431) interoperation.
6. circlip according to claim 1 automatically shapes device, it is characterized in that, described builder (5) comprises the quiet mould mould bases of the shaping that is fixedly mounted on the described frame (1) (51) and shaping dynamic model mould bases (52), and the shaping dies (53) that is installed in the action that cooperatively interacts on the quiet mould mould bases of described shaping (51) and the shaping dynamic model mould bases (52) respectively.
7. circlip according to claim 6 automatically shapes device, it is characterized in that, described shaping dies (53) comprises the cylinder core (531) that is fixed on the quiet mould mould bases of described shaping (51), and be installed on the described shaping dynamic model mould bases (52), force described arcuation type bar (61) to abut against going up on core (531) circumferential wall and bend mould (532), the curved mould (533) in a left side and right curved mould (534).
Circlip according to claim 7 automatically shape device, it is characterized in that described shaping dies (53) also comprises the spring bearer plate (535) that can slide before and after described core (531) circumferential wall.
Circlip according to claim 1 automatically shape device, it is characterized in that described frame (1) is equipped with straightener (7) on also, the metal wire rod (6) after described straightener (7) will be aligned is sent into described feed mechanism (2).
CN 201320110361 2013-03-11 2013-03-11 Full-automatic processing forming device of elastic check ring Expired - Fee Related CN203184553U (en)

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CN 201320110361 CN203184553U (en) 2013-03-11 2013-03-11 Full-automatic processing forming device of elastic check ring

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103128207A (en) * 2013-03-11 2013-06-05 吴成涛 Machining technology and machining forming device of elastic collar
CN109277495A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-01-29 山东梦金园珠宝首饰有限公司 A kind of bracelet buckle forming cutting all-in-one machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103128207A (en) * 2013-03-11 2013-06-05 吴成涛 Machining technology and machining forming device of elastic collar
CN103128207B (en) * 2013-03-11 2015-09-02 吴成涛 The processing technology of circlip and shape device
CN109277495A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-01-29 山东梦金园珠宝首饰有限公司 A kind of bracelet buckle forming cutting all-in-one machine
CN109277495B (en) * 2018-11-23 2023-09-19 山东梦金园珠宝首饰有限公司 Bracelet is detained shaping and is tailor all-in-one

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130911

Termination date: 20160311