CN203136585U - Leek measuring and strapping device - Google Patents

Leek measuring and strapping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203136585U
CN203136585U CN 201320133417 CN201320133417U CN203136585U CN 203136585 U CN203136585 U CN 203136585U CN 201320133417 CN201320133417 CN 201320133417 CN 201320133417 U CN201320133417 U CN 201320133417U CN 203136585 U CN203136585 U CN 203136585U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
leek
motor
gear
sheave
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201320133417
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张禹
张玉
张建平
刘慧芳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenyang University of Technology
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Shenyang University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenyang University of Technology filed Critical Shenyang University of Technology
Priority to CN 201320133417 priority Critical patent/CN203136585U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203136585U publication Critical patent/CN203136585U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a leek measuring and strapping device which comprises a measuring cylinder mechanism, a strapping cylinder mechanism, a winding mechanical arm, a belt sending and tightening mechanism and a door opening and bundle outlet mechanism. The measuring cylinder mechanism is composed of an incomplete cylindrical cylinder wall and a partition board. A revolving shaft and a floating board are arranged at the center of the cylindrical cylinder wall, and an oscillating bar is arranged at the lower end of the revolving shaft. The strapping cylinder mechanism comprises a strapping cylinder wall and a clamping mechanical arm, and the tail end of the clamping mechanism arm is provided with a screw rod nut connected with a ball screw. The winding mechanical arm comprises a support plate, fingers and two racks, wherein the two racks are driven by two motors respectively. The belt sending and clamping mechanism is composed of three push rods and a pair of friction wheels. The door opening and bundle outlet mechanism comprises a Geneva wheel and a Geneva wheel oscillating bar, wherein the Geneva wheel is connected with a bundle outlet door. Harvested leeks can be accurately measured and then conveyed to the strapping mechanism to be tightly clamped, the winding machine mechanical arm is used for achieving belt winding, and finally sweat soldering is performed on the belt. Influence on strapping actions by a walking mechanism is removed, moderate trapping force is ensured and the requirement for continuous work is met.

Description

A kind of leek metering binding apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of leek metering binding apparatus, belongs to the agricultural machinery equipment field.
Background technology
At present, people adopt the hand harvest mostly, manually tie up the results of leek, the manually-operated mode of this employing, and labour intensity is big, efficiency is low.The results leek need squat down for a long time, easily vegetable grower's health is caused harmful effect.And existing agricultural strapper commonly used mainly contains two classes, rice standing grain strapper and fruits and vegetables strapper, its semilate rice shocks of grainor bundle machine is made up of needle brake, knotter jaw and rope guarding plate etc., by the reciprocating motion of needle brake and the collaborative knotting operation of finishing that rotatablely moves of knotter jaw and rope guarding plate, it is good that it ties up continuity, the efficient height, but the metering inaccuracy is arranged, the power of tying up is wayward, shortcomings such as the fragile stem stalk crop of destructible class leek; The fruits and vegetables strapper adopts the thermofussion welding principle, be need not knotting by manual operation machine melting welding polypropylene tape, send band and taut band process by the rotating realization of a pair of friction pulley, simple in structure, reliable in action, but because its semi-automatic principle is difficult to realize automation, thereby limited its development.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of metering binding apparatus that can tie up continuously leek, its objective is to overcome the inaccuracy of strapper metering in the past, and the power of tying up is wayward, complicated in mechanical structure, and problem such as be difficult to work continuously.
Technical scheme
A kind of leek metering binding apparatus, mainly by hopper mechanism, tie up a mechanism, twine manipulator, send band band tightening mechanism, the bundle of opening the door out mechanism to form, it is characterized in that: hopper mechanism be arranged on the rotating circular disk and with tie up the tangent installation of a mechanism; The winding manipulator is arranged on to be tied up directly over the mechanism, and winding manipulator right side is equipped with send the band band tightening mechanism; The bundle of opening the door out mechanism is arranged on ties up under the mechanism.
Hopper mechanism comprises an incomplete cylinder shape metering barrel, the metering shaft parallel is arranged on the metering barrel central axis and with dividing plate and fixes, kickboard is vertically mounted on metering rotating shaft center, metering rotating shaft lower end is provided with fork and first gear, the tangent place of fork is provided with driven fork, driven fork is strained and was put an angle and fixed by block by first spring, the other end of first spring is fixed by first column, first gear and the engagement of second gear, second gear and the first sheave fork are fixed on the power transmission shaft, the other end of the first sheave fork is provided with first sheave, dial standing grain manipulator and first sheave and be separately fixed at the rice-pulling shaft top and bottom, first sheave is fixed by second column with the tension of second spring.
Tie up a mechanism and comprise ball-screw, ball-screw with tie up the barrel central axis vertical and the device on frame lower support frame, left-handed and the dextrorotation that first feed screw nut and second feed screw nut are enclosed within ball-screw is respectively partly gone up and is connected with two parts of clamping mechanical hand respectively, and second motor is connected by shaft coupling with ball-screw.
Twine machinery and just be provided with the 5th motor on hand, the 5th motor and rotating shaft upper end are fastened on the upper stand of tying up the barrel central axis, supporting plate is connected the rotating shaft lower end, first tooth bar and first electric machine support are fixed in the chute of supporting plate by compressing tablet, second tooth bar is compressed in the chute that is connected first tooth bar by compressing tablet, first tooth bar passes through the 3rd gear drive by the 3rd fixing motor of first electric machine support, second tooth bar passes through the 4th gear drive by the 4th fixing motor of second electric machine support, and the end of second tooth bar is provided with the cross push rod that is connecting finger.
Send the band band tightening mechanism to comprise three push rods and a pair of friction pulley, first push rod, second push rod and the 3rd push rod lower end are equipped with roller, the upper end is by in the guide hole of spring parallel device on frame, the knife plate device is at three above the push rod, three rollers respectively with camshaft on three cam-engaged, camshaft is connected with the 7th motor by the 5th gear; First friction pulley, second friction pulley install with the coaxial stack of first synchronous pulley and second synchronous pulley respectively and the rotating shaft of device in sending cassette holder that be meshing with each other on, first synchronous pulley below is provided with the 3rd synchronous pulley, and the 3rd synchronous pulley is connected with the 4th synchronous pulley that is located at the 6th motor shaft lower end by synchronous band.
The bundle of opening the door out mechanism comprises the bundle rotating shaft, goes out to tie the rotating shaft vertical means in tying up the frame guide hole of barrel outside, goes out to tie the rotating shaft upper end and fixedly goes out the bundle manipulator, goes out to tie the rotating shaft lower end and is provided with the second sheave fork; Second sheave with go out the bundle door by the bearing pin fixture in the axis hole of tying up the barrel center.
Advantage and effect
The utility model proposes a kind of leek metering binding apparatus, have following advantage and beneficial effect:
(1), a kind of leek metering binding apparatus that provides of the utility model, solved behind the leek of strapper harvesting in the past by the problem of manually tying up, alleviated the labour intensity of leek results greatly, for the establishing in large scale of leek provides equipment to ensure;
(2), the utility model hopper mechanism adopts the metering of passive induction type, metering accurately, the efficient height; Tie up a mechanism and adopt motor driven ball screws, the power of tying up is easy to control, and is simple in structure.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is metering binding apparatus structural upright schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is winding manipulator structural upright schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the band taut band structural representation that send of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 be among Fig. 1 A to view;
Fig. 5 is structural principle sketch of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is friction pulley of the present invention place partial view.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described further:
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the utility model is a kind of leek metering binding apparatus, by hopper mechanism 1, tie up a mechanism 2, twine manipulator 3, send band band tightening mechanism 4, the bundle of opening the door out mechanism 5 to constitute; Hopper mechanism 1 be arranged on the rotating circular disk and with tie up a mechanism 2 tangent installations; Winding manipulator 3 is arranged on to be tied up directly over the mechanism 2, and winding manipulator 3 right sides are equipped with send band band tightening mechanism 4; The bundle of opening the door out mechanism 5 is arranged on ties up under the mechanism 2, comprises bundle door 39 and second sheave 56.
Above-mentioned hopper mechanism 1 comprises: metering barrel 30, dividing plate 33, kickboard 31, lever 32, metering rotating shaft 29, fork 50, driven fork 53, first spring 51, second spring 55, sensor 57, first motor 44, block 28, first column 52, second column 48, first gear 45, second gear 46, dial standing grain manipulator 34, rice-pulling shaft 27, the first sheave fork 47, first sheave 49, power transmission shaft 26.
Dividing plate 33 and hopper center line parallel fixing device are in metering barrel 30, metering rotating shaft 29 is set in parallel on metering barrel 30 central axis and with dividing plate 33 and fixes, kickboard 31 is connected with lever 32, kickboard 31 is vertically mounted on metering rotating shaft 29 centers, metering rotating shaft 29 lower ends are provided with fork 50 and first gear 45, fork 50 tangent places are provided with driven fork 53, driven fork 53 is strained and was put an angle by first spring 51 and fixed by block 28, the other end of first spring 51 is fixing by first column 52, first gear 45 and 46 engagements of second gear, second gear 46 and the first sheave fork 47 are fixed on the power transmission shaft 26, the other end of the first sheave fork 47 is provided with first sheave 49, dial standing grain manipulator 34 and first sheave 49 and be separately fixed at rice-pulling shaft 27 top and bottom, 55 tensions of first sheave, 49 usefulness, second spring are fixing by second column 48.Along with the leek that enters in the hopper mechanism 1 is increased, kickboard 31 is rotated compressed drive lever 32 and fork 50 together, the driven fork 53 of fork 50 compressing turns over set angle and just can trigger the sensor 57 that is arranged on driven fork 53 tops and send instruction, make first motor, 44 Rotate 180s °, first gear 45 drives 46 rotations of second gear, second gear 46 drives 47 rotations of the first sheave fork and then motion is passed to group standing grain manipulator 34, dial leek that standing grain manipulator 34 will measure and send into and tie up in the mechanism 2, driven fork 53 playbacks in order to move next time under the effect of first spring 51 after the release.
Tying up a mechanism 2 comprises: tie up barrel 35, clamping mechanical hand 37, ball-screw 40, first feed screw nut 36, second feed screw nut 80, second motor 42, shaft coupling 41, bracing frame 6.
Ball-screw 40 with tie up barrel 35 central axis vertical and the device on frame lower support frame 6, left-handed and the dextrorotation that first feed screw nut 36 and second feed screw nut 80 are enclosed within ball-screw 40 is respectively partly gone up and is connected with two parts of clamping mechanical hand 37 respectively, second motor 42 is connected with ball-screw 40 usefulness shaft couplings 41, and the rotating by second motor 42 can realize the clamping of clamping mechanical hand 37 and unclamp action.
Twining manipulator 3 comprises: the 3rd motor 65, the 4th motor 64, the 5th motor 81, first tooth bar 59, second tooth bar 60, the 3rd gear 63, the 4th gear 62, supporting plate 58, first electric machine support 82, second electric machine support 83, compressing tablet 84, finger 61, rotating shaft 66, cross push rod 85.
The 5th motor 81 is fastened on the upper stand of tying up barrel 35 central axis with rotating shaft 66 upper ends, supporting plate 58 is connected rotating shaft 66 lower ends, first tooth bar 59 and first electric machine support 82 are fixed in the chute of supporting plate 58 by compressing tablet 84, second tooth bar 60 is compressed in the chute that is connected first tooth bar 59 by compressing tablet 84, first tooth bar 59 is driven by the 3rd gear 63 by first electric machine support, 82 the 3rd fixing motors 65, second tooth bar 60 is driven by the 4th gear 62 by second electric machine support, 83 the 4th fixing motors 64, the end of second tooth bar 60 is provided with connecting points 61 cross push rod 85, rotating by the 4th motor 64 can realize pointing 61 clamping and unclamp action, rotating by the 3rd motor 65 can realize pointing 61 send band and taut band action, the rotation by the 5th motor 81 can realize that the strip winding of whole winding manipulator moves.
Send band band tightening mechanism 4 to comprise: the 6th motor 78, the 7th motor 79, camshaft 86, first push rod 67, second push rod 68, the 3rd push rod 69, knife plate 70, roller 72, cam 73, spring 71, first friction pulley 74, second friction pulley 75, to send cassette holder 76, storage cassette holder 77, rotating shaft 87, the 3rd column 91, the 5th gear 88, first synchronous pulley 89, second synchronous pulley 90, be with the 92, the 3rd synchronous pulley 94, the 4th synchronous pulley 95 synchronously.
First push rod 67, second push rod 68 and the 3rd push rod 69 lower ends are provided with roller 72, first push rod 67, second push rod 68 and the 3rd push rod 69 upper ends are by in the guide hole of spring 71 parallel devices on frame, knife plate 70 installs at three above the push rod, three rollers respectively with camshaft 86 on three cam-engaged, camshaft 86 is connected with the 7th motor 79 by the 5th gear 88; First friction pulley 74, second friction pulley 75 install with first synchronous pulley 89 and the coaxial stacks of second synchronous pulley 90 respectively and the rotating shaft 87 of device in sending cassette holder 76 that be meshing with each other on, tep reel is placed on the 3rd column 91 in the storage cassette holder 77.First synchronous pulley, 89 belows are provided with the 3rd synchronous pulley 94, the three synchronous pulleys 94 by being connected with the 4th synchronous pulley 95 that is located at 78 lower ends of the 6th motor with 92 synchronously.
The bundle of opening the door out mechanism 5 comprises: second sheave 56, the second sheave fork 54, go out bundle door 39, go out to tie rotating shaft 93, go out to tie manipulator 38, the 8th motor 43, bearing pin 97.
Go out to tie rotating shaft 93 vertical means in the frame guide hole of tying up barrel 35 outsides, go out to tie rotating shaft 93 upper ends and fixedly go out bundle manipulator 38, go out to tie rotating shaft 93 lower ends and be provided with the second sheave fork 54; Second sheave 56 with go out bundle door 39 by bearing pin 97 fixtures in the axis hole of tying up barrel 35 centers, the rotation that the 8th motor 43 drives the second sheave fork 54 can realize out the action of closing the door of opening the door the intermittence of bundle door 39.

Claims (6)

1. a leek is measured binding apparatus, mainly by hopper mechanism (1), tie up a mechanism (2), twine manipulator (3), send band band tightening mechanism (4), the bundle of opening the door out mechanism (5) to form, it is characterized in that: hopper mechanism (1) be arranged on the rotating circular disk and with tie up the tangent installation of a mechanism (2); Winding manipulator (3) is arranged on to be tied up directly over the mechanism (2), and winding manipulator (3) right side is equipped with send band band tightening mechanism (4); The bundle of opening the door out mechanism (5) is arranged on ties up under the mechanism (2).
2. leek according to claim 1 is measured binding apparatus, it is characterized in that: hopper mechanism (1) comprises an incomplete cylinder shape metering barrel (30), metering rotating shaft (29) is set in parallel on metering barrel (30) central axis and with dividing plate (33) and fixes, kickboard (31) is vertically mounted on metering rotating shaft (29) center, metering rotating shaft (29) lower end is provided with fork (50) and first gear (45), the tangent place of fork (50) is provided with driven fork (53), driven fork (53) is strained and was put an angle by first spring (51) and fixed by block (28), the other end of first spring (51) is fixing by first column (52), first gear (45) and second gear (46) engagement, second gear (46) and the first sheave fork (47) are fixed on the power transmission shaft (26), the other end of the first sheave fork (47) is provided with first sheave (49), dial standing grain manipulator (34) and first sheave (49) and be separately fixed at rice-pulling shaft (27) top and bottom, first sheave (49) is fixing by second column (48) with second spring (55) tension.
3. leek according to claim 1 is measured binding apparatus, it is characterized in that: tie up a mechanism (2) and comprise ball-screw (40), ball-screw (40) with tie up barrel (35) central axis vertical and the device on frame lower support frame (6), left-handed and the dextrorotation that first feed screw nut (36) and second feed screw nut (80) are enclosed within ball-screw (40) is respectively partly gone up and is connected with two parts of clamping mechanical hand (37) respectively, and second motor (42) is connected by shaft coupling (41) with ball-screw (40).
4. leek according to claim 1 is measured binding apparatus, it is characterized in that: twine manipulator (3) top and be provided with the 5th motor (81), the 5th motor (81) is fastened on the upper stand of tying up barrel (35) central axis with rotating shaft (66) upper end, supporting plate (58) is connected rotating shaft (66) lower end, first tooth bar (59) and first electric machine support (82) are fixed in the chute of supporting plate (58) by compressing tablet (84), second tooth bar (60) is compressed in the chute that is connected first tooth bar (59) by compressing tablet (84), first tooth bar (59) is driven by the 3rd gear (63) by fixing the 3rd motor (65) of first electric machine support (82), second tooth bar (60) is driven by the 4th gear (62) by fixing the 4th motor (64) of second electric machine support (83), and the end of second tooth bar (60) is provided with the cross push rod (85) that is connecting finger (61).
5. leek according to claim 2 is measured binding apparatus, it is characterized in that: send band band tightening mechanism (4) to comprise three push rods and a pair of friction pulley, first push rod (67), second push rod (68) and the 3rd push rod (69) lower end are equipped with roller (72), the upper end is by in the guide hole of spring (71) parallel device on frame, knife plate (70) installs at three above the push rod, three rollers respectively with camshaft (86) on three cam-engaged, camshaft (86) is connected with the 7th motor (79) by the 5th gear (88); First friction pulley (74), second friction pulley (75) install with the coaxial stack of first synchronous pulley (89) and second synchronous pulley (90) respectively and the rotating shaft (87) of device in sending cassette holder (76) that be meshing with each other on, first synchronous pulley (89) below is provided with the 3rd synchronous pulley (94), and the 3rd synchronous pulley (94) is connected with the 4th synchronous pulley (95) that is located at the 6th motor (78) axle lower end by being with (92) synchronously.
6. leek according to claim 5 is measured binding apparatus, it is characterized in that: the bundle of opening the door out mechanism (5) comprises bundle rotating shaft (93), go out to tie rotating shaft (93) vertical means in tying up the outside frame guide hole of barrel (35), go out to tie rotating shaft (93) upper end and fixedly go out bundle manipulator (38), go out to tie rotating shaft (93) lower end and be provided with the second sheave fork (54); Second sheave (56) with go out bundle door (39) by bearing pin (97) fixture in the axis hole of tying up barrel (35) center.
CN 201320133417 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 Leek measuring and strapping device Withdrawn - After Issue CN203136585U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320133417 CN203136585U (en) 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 Leek measuring and strapping device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320133417 CN203136585U (en) 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 Leek measuring and strapping device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203136585U true CN203136585U (en) 2013-08-21

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ID=48964162

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320133417 Withdrawn - After Issue CN203136585U (en) 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 Leek measuring and strapping device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN203136585U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103181268A (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-07-03 沈阳工业大学 Measuring and binding device for fragrant-flowered garlic
CN112544250A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-26 江苏科技大学 Emerging stalk-shaped plant bundling device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103181268A (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-07-03 沈阳工业大学 Measuring and binding device for fragrant-flowered garlic
CN112544250A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-26 江苏科技大学 Emerging stalk-shaped plant bundling device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130821

Effective date of abandoning: 20150408