CN203133566U - Novel digital control system for multichannel stone cylinder profiling machine - Google Patents

Novel digital control system for multichannel stone cylinder profiling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203133566U
CN203133566U CN 201320051199 CN201320051199U CN203133566U CN 203133566 U CN203133566 U CN 203133566U CN 201320051199 CN201320051199 CN 201320051199 CN 201320051199 U CN201320051199 U CN 201320051199U CN 203133566 U CN203133566 U CN 203133566U
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control
control system
mentioned
electrically connected
novel digital
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CN 201320051199
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Chinese (zh)
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方千山
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Huaqiao University
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Huaqiao University
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Abstract

The utility model provides a novel digital control system for a multichannel stone cylinder profiling machine. The system comprises a master control unit, a Z axle control unit for control of up and down cutting feeding, and a Y axle control unit for control of back and forth cutting feeding. The Z axle control unit and the Y axle control unit are in controlled electric connection with the master control unit. The master control unit comprises a human-computer interface and a programmable controller in bidirectional electrical connection through a communication interface. Employing the above technical scheme, the novel digital control system for multichannel stone cylinder profiling machine has the human-computer interface and the programmable controller connected through the communication interface; and people can carry out programming through the human-computer interface and the programmable controller according to requirements, or call a preset processing parameter program to realize operations such as automatic processing, without professional knowledge of numerical control programming. Compared with the prior art, the novel digital control system has advantages of simple operation, friendly interface, convenience for raising of processing precision and efficiency, high degree of automation, high cost performance, convenience and practicality.

Description

A kind of novel digital control system of bull stone column profiling machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to stone column copying field, is specifically related to a kind of novel digital control system of bull stone column profiling machine.
Background technology
Flourish along with building decorating industry also constantly increases the demand of the stone column of different shape, and in order to improve the stone column working (machining) efficiency, a kind of bull stone column copying machinery that can a plurality of cylinders of time processing uses and gives birth to.
In above-mentioned copying machinery, its control system is in occupation of critical role, existing control system overwhelming majority low price on the market, be widely used, but its structure is too simple, to such an extent as to can not satisfy the needs of high-grade or meticulous stone column processing, be difficult to improve the automatization level of stone machining equipment; Also some is Digitizing And Control Unit, the crudy height, but its cost is also higher, relative existing market, and its cost performance is low, is difficult to popularize.
Given this, this case the inventor further investigate the problems referred to above, has this case to produce then.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of novel digital control system of bull stone column profiling machine, and it is simple to operate, and man-machine interface close friend is convenient to improve machining precision and efficient, automaticity and can be handling strong, and the cost performance height, convenient and practical.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts such technical scheme:
A kind of novel digital control system of bull stone column profiling machine, comprise main control unit, the Z axle control module of feeding and the Y-axis control module of control front and back cutting feeding are cut in control up and down, and described Z axle control module and Y-axis control module are electrically connected with the control output end of described main control unit; Described main control unit comprises by the two-way man-machine interface that is electrically connected of communication interface and Programmable Logic Controller.
Above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller has pid control module.
Be electrically connected by data, control bus between above-mentioned Z axle control module and Y-axis control module and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
Above-mentioned Z axle control module has the cutting speed adaptive control system, is electrically connected by data, control bus between described cutting speed adaptive control system and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
Above-mentioned cutting speed adaptive control system is the closed loop Alternating Current Governor System, comprises frequency converter and the motor that is electrically connected of the control output end of frequency converter therewith, is electrically connected by data, control bus between described frequency converter and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
Above-mentioned Y-axis control module is alternating-current actuating system, comprises controller and the motor that is electrically connected of the control output end of controller therewith, and described controller is electrically connected with the control output end of above-mentioned frequency converter.
Be electrically connected by data, control bus between above-mentioned controller and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
Above-mentioned main control unit has auxiliary and coordinates the Auxiliary Control Element of its control, is electrically connected by data, control bus between described Auxiliary Control Element and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
After adopting technique scheme, the novel digital control system of bull stone column profiling machine of the present utility model, it has man-machine interface and the Programmable Logic Controller that links together by communication interface, people can programme by man-machine interface and Programmable Logic Controller according to processing request, also can directly call default processing request program, need not professional knowledge such as numerical control programming and can realize operation such as processing grade automatically, compared with prior art, the novel digital control system of bull stone column profiling machine of the present utility model, it is simple to operate, man-machine interface close friend, be convenient to improve machining precision and efficient, automaticity and can be handling strong, the cost performance height, convenient and practical.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Among the figure:
1-main control unit 11-man-machine interface
12-Programmable Logic Controller 121-PID control module
2-Z axle control module 21-adaptive control system
211-frequency converter 212-motor
3-Y axle control module 31 controllers
The 32-motor
4-Auxiliary Control Element 5-data, control bus
Embodiment
Be described in detail the technical solution of the utility model below by specific embodiment in order further to explain.
The novel digital control system of a kind of bull stone column profiling machine of the present utility model as shown in Figure 1, comprises main control unit 1, Z axle control module 2 and Y-axis control module 3.
The cutting feed motion of Z axle control module 2 control cutting tools on above-below direction, the cutting feed motion of Y-axis control module 3 control cutting tools on fore-and-aft direction, Z axle control module 2 and Y-axis control module 3 are electrically connected with the control output end of main control unit 1, be that Z axle control module 2 and Y-axis control module 3 is electrically connected with main control unit 1 and is subjected to main control unit 1 control, improvements are, main control unit 1 comprises man-machine interface 11 and the Programmable Logic Controller 12 that links together by communication interface, specifically be, man-machine interface 11 is connected the transmission of specific implementation data and control information with Programmable Logic Controller 12 with Programmable Logic Controller 12 by the Modbus communication interface.Man-machine interface 11 adopts touch man-machine interface (HMI), has manually and the automatic mode handoff functionality; Programmable Logic Controller 12 adopts small-sized programmable controller (PLC), design analysis, computing, processing, storage and the demonstration etc. of the input/output signal of realization system by software, people can programme in conjunction with Programmable Logic Controller 12 by man-machine interface 11 according to processing request, set relevant technological parameter and process automatically, realize manual mode; People also can directly call and store or default machined parameters program, and perhaps the mode by template detection realizes automatic mode, need not professional knowledge such as numerical control programming and can realize operation such as processing grade automatically; People can set all parameters of whole stone column profiling machine by man-machine interface 11, and simultaneously each parameter, state and warning message etc. are shown, can carry out overall monitor to the stone column profiling machine.
Preferably, Programmable Logic Controller 12 has pid control module 121, in process, utilizes the pid control module realization to the closed-loop control of each physical quantity of Z axle control module 2, reaches the high-precision requirement of grinding.
Preferably, Z axle control module 2 and Y-axis control module 3 are electrically connected with Programmable Logic Controller 12 by data, control bus 5.
Preferably, Z axle control module 2 has cutting speed adaptive control system 21, and cutting speed adaptive control system 21 is electrically connected with Programmable Logic Controller 12 by data, control bus 5; Cutting speed adaptive control system 21 is key problem in technology places of whole stone column profiling machine, can effectively prevent the autobiography constant airspeed because of workpiece to be machined, cutter cutting speed along the vertical direction is too fast, cause the load of cutter driving device and cutter head to uprush and occur damaging, perhaps slow excessively because of Tool in Cutting speed, the underload of cutter driving device and cutter head, and situation such as waste energy takes place with causing working (machining) efficiency.
Preferably, cutting speed adaptive control system 21 is the closed loop Alternating Current Governor System, comprise frequency converter 211 and the motor 212 that is electrically connected of the control output end of frequency converter 211 therewith, frequency converter 211 passes through data, control bus 5 is electrically connected with Programmable Logic Controller 12, frequency converter 211 utilizes its current sense function, the load variations situation of motor 212 can be fed back to Programmable Logic Controller 12 in real time, after Programmable Logic Controller 12 relatively calculates, send speed-regulating instructions such as acceleration or deceleration to frequency converter 211, can guarantee that like this cutting power of cutter on above-below direction is constant, be convenient to improve working (machining) efficiency, reduce tool bit abrasion and cut down the consumption of energy.
Preferably, Y-axis control module 3 is alternating-current actuating system, comprise controller 31 and the motor 32 that is electrically connected of the control output end of controller 31 therewith, controller 31 is electrically connected with the control output end of frequency converter 211, cutter is under the control of Y-axis control module 3, every along the Y-axis feed once, cutter will be omnidistance to workpiece to be machined cutting along Z-direction.
Preferably, controller 31 is electrically connected by data, control bus 5 with Programmable Logic Controller 12.
Preferably, main control unit 1 has the Auxiliary Control Element 4 of assisting and coordinating its control, Auxiliary Control Element 4 is electrically connected by data, control bus 5 with Programmable Logic Controller 12, concrete structure can be, and Auxiliary Control Element 4 is made up of electric elements such as control switch, limit switch, secondary instrument, contactor and cooling-water pump and control circuit.
The novel digital control system of bull stone column profiling machine of the present utility model, can adopt the principle of work bull stone column processing machine similar to vertical lathe in the specific implementation, just it is designed to the organisation of working that to process a plurality of workpieces to be machined synchronously.It is divided into former and later two columns, front column is provided with workpiece grip mechanism, and workpiece grip mechanism is a plurality of (being generally 4,6,8,10) workpieces to be machined of clamping and to make all horizontally disposed workpieces to be machined by drive unit be the synchronous rotation in axle center with self axis simultaneously; Rear column is provided with the workpiece topping machanism, comprise a plurality of workpiece topping machanism monomers, and each workpiece topping machanism monomer correspondence is provided with a cutter that is used for cutting, topping machanism has the Y-axis driver element that can move forward and backward by the control of Y-axis control module, with the Z axle driver element that can move up and down by the control of Z axle control module, make all cutters reach stock removal action up and down before and after doing synchronously, realize the purpose simultaneously a plurality of workpieces to be machined are processed, simple to operate, recruitment is few, the finished product profile favourable identity of high efficiency, processing.
The novel digital control system of bull stone column profiling machine of the present utility model, for ease of describing, the Z axle of above-below direction and the Y-axis of fore-and-aft direction have been defined, workpiece to be machined rotates around the rotating shaft of fore-and-aft direction, in actual use, the direction of feed of the cutter controlled of Z axle control module and Y-axis control module can be adjusted and design as requested; Wherein each unit is the entity structure with corresponding function.
Product form of the present utility model is not limited to this case diagram and embodiment, and anyone carries out suitable variation or the modification of similar thinking to it, all should be considered as not breaking away from patent category of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. the novel digital control system of a bull stone column profiling machine, comprise main control unit, the Z axle control module of feeding is cut in control up and down, with the Y-axis control module of cutting feeding before and after the control, described Z axle control module and Y-axis control module are electrically connected with the control output end of described main control unit; It is characterized in that: described main control unit comprises by the two-way man-machine interface that is electrically connected of communication interface and Programmable Logic Controller.
2. the novel digital control system of a kind of bull stone column profiling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller has pid control module.
3. the novel digital control system of a kind of bull stone column profiling machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be electrically connected by data, control bus between above-mentioned Z axle control module and Y-axis control module and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
4. according to the novel digital control system of each described a kind of bull stone column profiling machine among the claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned Z axle control module has the cutting speed adaptive control system, is electrically connected by data, control bus between described cutting speed adaptive control system and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
5. the novel digital control system of a kind of bull stone column profiling machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned cutting speed adaptive control system is the closed loop Alternating Current Governor System, comprise frequency converter and the motor that is electrically connected of the control output end of frequency converter therewith, be electrically connected by data, control bus between described frequency converter and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
6. the novel digital control system of a kind of bull stone column profiling machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned Y-axis control module is alternating-current actuating system, comprise controller and the motor that is electrically connected of the control output end of controller therewith, described controller is electrically connected with the control output end of above-mentioned frequency converter.
7. the novel digital control system of a kind of bull stone column profiling machine according to claim 6 is characterized in that: be electrically connected by data, control bus between above-mentioned controller and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
8. the novel digital control system of a kind of bull stone column profiling machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned main control unit has auxiliary and coordinates the Auxiliary Control Element of its control, is electrically connected by data, control bus between described Auxiliary Control Element and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
9. according to the novel digital control system of each described a kind of bull stone column profiling machine among claim 1-3, the 5-7, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned main control unit has auxiliary and coordinates the Auxiliary Control Element of its control, is electrically connected by data, control bus between described Auxiliary Control Element and the above-mentioned Programmable Logic Controller.
CN 201320051199 2013-01-30 2013-01-30 Novel digital control system for multichannel stone cylinder profiling machine Expired - Fee Related CN203133566U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320051199 CN203133566U (en) 2013-01-30 2013-01-30 Novel digital control system for multichannel stone cylinder profiling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320051199 CN203133566U (en) 2013-01-30 2013-01-30 Novel digital control system for multichannel stone cylinder profiling machine

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104460531A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-03-25 周平 Touch control system for imitating bridge cutting machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104460531A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-03-25 周平 Touch control system for imitating bridge cutting machine
CN104460531B (en) * 2014-11-03 2018-01-12 江西工程学院 Imitative type slab cutting machine touch control system

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C17 Cessation of patent right
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Granted publication date: 20130814

Termination date: 20140130