CN203101941U - Fault remote safety monitoring system for oil well pumping unit - Google Patents

Fault remote safety monitoring system for oil well pumping unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203101941U
CN203101941U CN2012207062664U CN201220706266U CN203101941U CN 203101941 U CN203101941 U CN 203101941U CN 2012207062664 U CN2012207062664 U CN 2012207062664U CN 201220706266 U CN201220706266 U CN 201220706266U CN 203101941 U CN203101941 U CN 203101941U
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transmission module
sensor
pumping unit
oil well
data collection
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CN2012207062664U
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Chinese (zh)
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孙亮
毛利红
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宇星科技发展(深圳)有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The utility model discloses a fault remote safety monitoring system for an oil well pumping unit, which comprises a monitoring platform, an information transmission module, a data collection terminal and a sensor module installed at the oil well pumping unit, wherein the data collection terminal is in communicated with the sensor module, the monitoring platform is communicated with the data collection terminal through the information transmission module, and the data collection terminal is used for collecting the operating condition of the pumping unit in real time through the sensor module and sending the collected operation condition to the monitoring platform through the information transmission module. Compared with the prior art, the fault remote safety monitoring system disclosed by the utility model analyzes and processes data information of the operating condition of the pumping unit through the monitoring platform, and raises an alarm or pops up a warning message, thereby shortening the exception handling time to the maximum degree, reducing the loss, ensuring normal and safe running of oil well pumping.

Description

一种油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统 Pumping in a hydrocarbon well Fault remote security monitoring system

技术领域: FIELD:

[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统,主要用于实现对油井抽油机故障及时准确的排查,对油井抽油机的工作状态进行远程监控,以保证油井抽油的正常、安全运行。 [0001] The present invention relates to an oil well pumping unit fault remote security monitoring systems, mainly used to implement timely and accurate investigation of the oil well pumping unit failure, the working status of the oil well pumping unit for remote monitoring to ensure that the oil well pumping normal oil and safe operation.

背景技术: Background technique:

[0002] 抽油机是开采石油的一种机器设备,其通过加压的办法使石油出井。 [0002] The pumping unit is an oil exploration equipment, which makes the pressurized oil by way of the well. 目前油田广泛采用的是杆泵抽油机,由普通交流异步电动机直接拖动,其曲柄带以配重平衡块带动抽油杆,驱动井下抽油泵做固定周期的上下往复运动,把井下的油送到地面。 Now widely used is a rod pump pumping the oil, directly dragged by one of ordinary AC induction motor, to which a crank with a counterweight drive rod, downhole pump drive reciprocate up and down a fixed period, the downhole oil to the ground.

[0003] 通常这种杆泵抽油机是连续运作的,其不可避免地会出现各种机械故障,而且这种连续运作的设备在工作时无人值守,只有当巡井人员发现异常情况之后才能进行处理,这样不仅反应时间长,而且有些潜在的问题巡井人员很难主动发现,只有当抽油机故障导致抽油井发生事故,出现重大损失时,才会发现。 After [0003] Typically such rod pump pumping unit is operated continuously, which inevitably will be a variety of mechanical failure, and the continuous operation of this equipment is unattended operation, only when the patrol found anomalies wells in order to be processed, not only long reaction time, and some potential problems patrol the well is difficult for the initiative found that only when the oil well pumping unit failure resulting in an accident, major losses, will be found.

[0004] 综上所述,目前油井抽油机在进行采油时,存在以下问题:无法及时准确的对抽油机出现的故障进行排查,无法保证抽油机的正常安全运行,容易出现抽油井事故。 [0004] In summary, the current oil well pumping unit during oil production, there is a problem: Unable to timely and accurate fault occurs pumping of investigation, we can not guarantee the normal safe operation of the pumping unit, pumping wells prone accident.

发明内容: SUMMARY:

[0005] 鉴于此,本实用新型的目的在于提供一种油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统,以解决目前巡井人员无法准确及时的发现油井抽油机故障的问题,实现对油井抽油机故障及时准确的排查,对油井抽油机的工作状态进行远程监控,保证油井抽油的正常、安全运行。 [0005] In view of this, the present invention aims to provide an oil well pumping unit fault remote security monitoring system to address the current patrol wells were unable to find accurate and timely oil well pumping failure problem, to achieve the well pumping unit timely and accurate fault investigation, the working status of the oil well pumping unit for remote monitoring to ensure the normal pumping wells, the safe operation of oil.

[0006] 为实现上述目的,·本实用新型主要采用以下技术方案: [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention mainly uses · following technical solutions:

[0007] —种油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统,包括监控平台、信息传输模块、数据采集终端以及安装在油井抽油机处的传感器模块,所述数据采集终端与传感器模块通讯连接,监控平台通过信息传输模块与数据采集终端通讯连接,所述数据采集终端用于通过传感器模块实时采集抽油机的工作状况,并通过信息传输模块发送给监控平台。 [0007] - seed oil pumping unit fault remote security monitoring system, comprising a monitoring platform, information transmission module, data collection terminals and the sensor module is mounted at an oil well pumping unit, the data collection terminal is connected with the sensor module communication, monitoring internet information transmission module via the data collection terminal communication, data collection terminal for collecting the working conditions of the pumping unit in real time by the sensor module, and sent to the monitor through the internet information transmission module.

[0008] 优选地,所述传感器模块包括压力传感器、温度传感器、电功率传感器、电压传感器、电流传感器、位移传感器、载荷传感器和流量传感器。 [0008] Preferably, the sensor module comprises a pressure sensor, a temperature sensor, a power sensor, a voltage sensor, a current sensor, a displacement sensor, a load sensor and a flow sensor.

[0009] 优选地,所述信息传输模块为无线传输模块,包括GPRS无线传输模块、卫星信号传输模块、GSM无线传输模块、CDMA无线传输模块和3G无线传输模块。 [0009] Preferably, the information transmission module of a wireless transmission module, a wireless transmission module including GPRS, satellite signal transmission module, GSM wireless transmission module, CDMA wireless transmission module and a 3G wireless transmission module.

[0010] 优选地,所述信息传输模块为有线传输模块,包括以太网数据传输模块、串并口数据传输模块和USB数据传输模块。 [0010] Preferably, the information transmission module is a wired transmission module, data transmission module comprises an Ethernet, and serial and parallel data transmission module USB data transmission module.

[0011] 本实用新型在油井抽油机处安装有多个传感器模块,并通过数据采集终端实时获取传感器模块监测的抽油机工作状态数据,将该数据通过信息传输模块发送给监控平台,通过监控平台对抽油机工作状态数据信息进行分析处理,发出警报或弹出警告消息,监控平台的值守工作人员根据警告内容做出修改参数、调整速率、控制时间、关闭阀门或者是关机停工等操作,从而最大限度地缩短异常处理时间,减少损失,保证油井抽油的正常、安全运行。 [0011] The present invention is mounted at the well pumping unit modules a plurality of sensors, and acquires the pumping unit state data in real time by the sensor module monitors the data collection terminal, transmits the data to monitor information transmission module through the internet, by pumping operation state monitoring platform for analyzing and processing data, an alarm or a warning message pop-up, monitoring platform duty staff to make changes according to the parameter content of the warning, the rate adjustment, the control time, shut off valves or other shutdown operations, thereby minimizing exception handling time, reduce the loss, to ensure the normal pumping oil, oil of safe operation.

附图说明: BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF:

[0012] 图1为本实用新型油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统的原理框图。 [0012] Figure 1 is a schematic block diagram of an oil well pumping unit fault disclosure remote security monitoring system.

具体实施方式: Detailed ways:

[0013] 为阐述本实用新型的思想及目的,下面将结合附图和具体实施例对本实用新型做进一步的说明。 [0013] To illustrate the idea of ​​the present invention and the objects, in conjunction with the present invention will now be further explained and drawings of the specific examples do.

[0014] 请参见图1所示,图1为本实用新型油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统的原理框图。 [0014] Refer to Figure 1 block diagram as shown in FIG. 1 pumping oil present invention remote security monitoring system fault. 本实用新型提供的是一种油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统,主要用于解决目前油井抽油机运行状态,通过人工巡视,无法及时准确的判断抽油机故障,容易导致整个抽油井事故的问题。 The present invention provides an oil well pumping unit fault remote security monitoring systems, mainly used to solve the current oil well pumping unit running, through artificial patrol, inability to accurately determine the pumping unit failure, easily cause the entire pumping oil well accident The problem.

[0015] 其中本系统包括有监控平台、信息传输模块、数据采集终端以及安装在油井抽油机处的传感器模块,所述数据采集终端与传感器模块通讯连接,监控平台通过信息传输模块与数据采集终端通讯连接。 [0015] wherein the system comprises a monitoring platform, information transmission module, data collection terminals and the sensor module is mounted at an oil well pumping, the data collection terminal is connected with the sensor module communication, by monitoring internet information transmission module and data acquisition terminal communication connection.

[0016] 传感器模块包括但不限于压力传感器、温度传感器、电功率传感器、电压传感器、电流传感器、位移传感器、载荷传感器和流量传感器,其主要用于对抽油机和油井工作状态进行监测,并实现对作业现场的压力、温度、电功率、电压、电流、位移、载荷以及流量的监控,而根据不同的监测需要,还可以增加不同的传感器。 [0016] The sensor module including but not limited to pressure sensors, temperature sensors, power sensors, a voltage sensor, a current sensor, a displacement sensor, a load sensor and a flow sensor which is mainly used for oil well pumping and status monitoring, and to achieve pressure on the job site, temperature, power, voltage, current, displacement, and traffic load monitoring, and monitoring in accordance with different needs, different sensors may be increased.

[0017] 数据采集终端用于采集各个传感器的数据,并将这些数据通过信息传输模块发送给监控平台。 [0017] The data collection terminal for collecting data for each sensor, and the data sent to the monitor through the internet information transmission module.

[0018] 信息传输模块,可以为无线传输模块,包括GPRS无线传输模块、卫星信号传输模块、GSM无线传输模块、CDMA无线传输模块和3G无线传输模块;也可以为有线传输模块,包括以太网数据传输模块、串并口数据传输模块和USB数据传输模块,其具体选用的传输方式可以根据不同的环境而不同,对于环境比较恶劣、有线传输不便的区域,可以选择无线传输;而对于无线信号传输不便,而便于布线的区域,则可以选择有线传输;也可以同时选择有线和无线传输,以避免其中一种出现故障时,也能够保证数据快速、及时、准确的传送至监控平台。 [0018] The information transmission module, the module may be a wireless transmission, wireless transmission module including GPRS, satellite signal transmission module, GSM wireless transmission module, CDMA wireless transmission module and a 3G wireless transmission module; may be a wired transmission module including Ethernet data a transmission module, serial and parallel data transmission module and a USB data transmission module transmission specific choice may vary depending on the environment, the environment is bad, a wired transmission inconvenient area may be selected wireless transmission; for wireless signal transmission inconvenience , and to facilitate the wiring area, a wired transmission may be selected; can simultaneously select both wired and wireless transmission, to avoid when one of these failures, it is possible to ensure that the data fast, accurate and timely transmitted to the monitoring platform.

[0019] 监控平台,包括中心监控计算机、数据分析处理单元、报警系统以及值守人员等。 [0019] monitoring platform including a central monitoring computer, data analysis and processing unit, alarm systems and personnel on duty. 其中所述中心监控计算机可自动收集和认可从远程井口传输来的数据;数据分析处理单元可自动分析远程传输回来的信息,自动检查错误;报警系统可设定报警标准,一旦数据达到或超过报警值,报警系统就会发出警报或弹出警告消息;值守人员可及时掌握作业现场信息,及时指导处理报警信息。 Wherein said central monitoring computer can automatically collect data from the remote recognition and transmitted to the wellhead; automatic data analysis unit may analyze the information transmitted back to the remote, automatic check for errors; alarm system can set the alarm criteria Once the data reaches or exceeds the alarm value, the alarm system will send an alert or warning message appears; duty personnel can grasp the job site information, timely guidance to deal with alarm information.

[0020] 本实用新型通过数据采集终端实时采集安装在抽油井及抽油机处的传感器数据,并将该数据通过信息传输模块发送给监控平台,通过监控平台对抽油机工作状态数据信息进行分析处理,发出警报或弹出警告消息,监控平台的值守工作人员可根据警告内容做出修改参数、调整速率、控制时间、关闭阀门或者是关机停工等操作,从而最大限度地缩短异常处理时间,减少损失,保证油井抽油的正常、安全运行。 [0020] The present invention real-time acquisition by data collection terminal is mounted in the sensor data and pumping at a pumping well, and transmits the data through the internet to monitor information transmission module, a status of the pumping unit through the data monitoring platform analyzing process, an alarm or a warning message pop-up, monitoring platform duty staff modifications may be made according to the content of the warning parameters, rate adjustment, control time, shut off valves or other shutdown operations, thereby minimizing exception handling time, reduced loss, normal pumping wells to ensure safe operation of oil.

[0021] 以上是对本实用新型所提供的一种油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统进行了详细的介绍,本文中应用了具体个例对本实用新型的结构原理及实施方式进行了阐述,以上实施例只是用于帮助理解本实用新型的方法及其核心思想;同时,对于本领域的一般技术人员,依据本实用新型的思想,在具体实施方式及应用范围上均会有改变之处,综上所述,本说明书内容不应理解为对本实用新型的限制。 [0021] The above is a kind well pumping remote fault safety monitoring system according to the present invention provided a detailed description herein through specific examples of the structural principle of the present invention and embodiments are set forth in the above embodiments Example only used to help understand the present invention a method and core ideas; Meanwhile, for those skilled in the art, according to the novel idea of ​​utility, there are changes in the specific embodiment and application of the embodiment, the heald the content of the specification should not be construed as limiting the present novel practical pair.

Claims (4)

1.一种油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统,其特征在于包括监控平台、信息传输模块、数据采集终端以及安装在油井抽油机处的传感器模块,所述数据采集终端与传感器模块通讯连接,监控平台通过信息传输模块与数据采集终端通讯连接,所述数据采集终端用于通过传感器模块实时采集抽油机的工作状况,并通过信息传输模块发送给监控平台。 An oil pumping remote fault safety monitoring system, comprising monitoring platform, information transmission module, data collection terminals and the sensor module is mounted at an oil well pumping unit, the data collection terminal is connected with the sensor module communication , internet connection monitor information transmission module and the data collection terminal communication, data collection terminal for collecting the operating conditions of the pumping unit in real time by the sensor module, and sent to the monitor through the internet information transmission module.
2.根据权利要求1所述的油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统,其特征在于所述传感器模块包括压力传感器、温度传感器、电功率传感器、电压传感器、电流传感器、位移传感器、载荷传感器和流量传感器。 The oil well pumping unit fault remote security monitoring system of claim 1, wherein the sensor module comprises a pressure sensor, a temperature sensor, a power sensor, a voltage sensor, a current sensor, a displacement sensor, a load sensor and a flow sensor .
3.根据权利要求1所述的油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统,其特征在于所述信息传输模块为无线传输模块,包括GPRS无线传输模块、卫星信号传输模块、GSM无线传输模块、CDMA无线传输模块和3G无线传输模块。 The oil well pumping unit fault remote security monitoring system of claim 1, wherein said information transmission module is a wireless transmission module, a wireless transmission module including GPRS, satellite signal transmission module, GSM wireless transmission module, CDMA wireless 3G wireless transmission module and a transmission module.
4.根据权利要求1所述的油井抽油机故障远程安全监控系统,其特征在于所述信息传输模块为有线传输模块,包括以太网数据传输模块、串并口数据传输模块和USB数据传输模块。 The oil well pumping unit fault remote security monitoring system of claim 1, wherein said information transmission module is a wired transmission module, data transmission module comprises an Ethernet, and serial and parallel data transmission module USB data transmission module. · ·
CN2012207062664U 2012-12-19 2012-12-19 Fault remote safety monitoring system for oil well pumping unit CN203101941U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105467955A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-06 重庆安迈科技有限公司 Internet-of-things-based monitoring method of nitrogen injection machine of oil well
CN106224223A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-14 杭州双业能源设备有限公司 Tank car method for controlling pump and device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105467955A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-06 重庆安迈科技有限公司 Internet-of-things-based monitoring method of nitrogen injection machine of oil well
CN106224223A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-14 杭州双业能源设备有限公司 Tank car method for controlling pump and device
CN106224223B (en) * 2016-09-21 2018-01-26 杭州双业能源设备有限公司 Tank car method for controlling pump and device

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