CN203076568U - Automatic pouring system - Google Patents

Automatic pouring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203076568U
CN203076568U CN 201320043049 CN201320043049U CN203076568U CN 203076568 U CN203076568 U CN 203076568U CN 201320043049 CN201320043049 CN 201320043049 CN 201320043049 U CN201320043049 U CN 201320043049U CN 203076568 U CN203076568 U CN 203076568U
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China
Prior art keywords
pouring
sand
sandbox
track
dolly
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CN 201320043049
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Chinese (zh)
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任美康
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Ningbo Hopesun New Material Co Ltd
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Ningbo Hopesun New Material Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic pouring system which comprises a pouring device and further comprises a track for loading a trolley and a pouring track, wherein the pouring device moves on the pouring track. A moving direction of the pouring track is the same with that of a straight-line section of the trolley track, while the width of the pouring track is larger than that of a straight-line track, and two guide rails of the pouring track are located outside two guide rails of the straight-line track respectively; a pouring ladle is placed on the pouring device, and a water opening of the pouring ladle is formed in the bottom of the pouring ladle; a horizontal guide rail is further arranged on the pouring device, the pouring ladle can conveniently move on the horizontal guide rail, a moving direction of the horizontal guide rail is vertical to that of a pouring track; and a space allowing free passing of the trolley loading a sand box or a mould casing is formed below the pouring device. A molding machine, a sand processing system, a sand adding machine and a device for compacting sands in a sand box in a vibrating mode and the like can be arranged along the line of the trolley track according to needs to achieve high degree of automation. The automatic pouring system is suitable for pouring melt in a casting mould in foundry process, and has the advantages of being safe and reliable and capable of greatly improving production efficiency and reducing labor intensity of workers.

Description

A kind of Auto-pouring System
Technical field
The Auto-pouring System that the present invention relates to use in the casting technique, cast, conveying and the cleaning etc. that relate in particular to casting are worked continuously.
Background technology
At present, the casting and pouring in conventional cast, the melting industry roughly has following several:
1, take two people to two-man ladle, casting ladle probably can be adorned 50-100 kilogram molten steel, waters on the bound edge and fixes with two ears of maize, by the mode that 2 staff are lifted, pour molten steel into the cast formwork, need the 3rd people near casting ladle, the slag in the molten steel to be removed during work, need the labour many, labour intensity is big.
2, take the to drive a vehicle mode of bull ladle is poured into a mould, and casting ladle generally about the 200-1000 kilogram, fills molten steel in the casting ladle during cast, mobile by driving a vehicle, to reach the purpose of aiming at formwork, need 2-3 people to buttress casting ladle during work, in order to avoid casting ladle rocks, 1 people cast, 1 people's pushing off the slag, molten steel is poured out from the mouth of a river of casting ladle top edge, this kind pouring type is difficult to aim at the formwork cast gate, the easy splash of molten steel, the harm safety of workers, labour intensity is big.
3, take the to drive a vehicle mode of bull ladle is poured into a mould, and casting ladle fills molten steel generally speaking greater than 1000 kilograms in the casting ladle during cast, mobile by driving a vehicle, to reach the purpose of aiming at formwork, need 2-3 people to buttress casting ladle during work, make the casting ladle can double swerve, 1 people cast, molten steel flows out from the casting ladle bottom, to avoid slag, Aligning degree is better, but this kind pouring type is not suitable for the smallclothes product, and labour intensity is big, and very dangerous, also be not easy to realize automated production.
No matter above which kind of pouring type, all owing to casting equipment itself, the workman need approach the work of high temperature casting ladle, causes workers with long time to be in the abominable working environment of high temperature, high dust, and workman's working strength is very greatly and have a very big security risk.Therefore, the trend that the batch castings production is developed to the mechanization direction by manual production has appearred.
Such as, so a kind of casting machine has appearred, casting machine is to connect casting ladle by lever or driving, casting ladle generally can be adorned molten steel 50-100 kilogram, by automatic switch control casting ladle moving direction and highly to reach the density of cast, the descendant worker that puts in place suppresses casting ladle and rocks in adjusting, casting ladle manually overturn then to topple over molten steel, the labor strength of this kind mode decreases, but the casting ladle translational speed is slow, cause production efficiency low, and the cast process and quality seriously rely on the cast workman qualification.
More than several pouring types, behind casting complete, common way is that the sandbox with the splendid attire formwork is transported to vacant lot with forklift, topples over founding, manually chooses foundry goods after the cooling, and with utilizations again after manually separating such as sand and formwork fragments.Simultaneously put into formwork in empty sandbox, toward the full sand of the interior training of sandbox, the gap in the filling sandbox between each formwork with location and support formwork, is transported to pouring position with sandbox with forklift then and pours into a mould, so circulation.
As from the foregoing, not only working strength of workers is big for existing these pouring types, and poor stability needs a large amount of manually, and production efficiency is low, and the quality of product seriously relies on workman's qualification.
In order to overcome these deficiencies, the someone has made some new trials again, but these improvement only limit to the link of motlten metal such as pour steel in the formwork, do not relate to whole casting process, such as:
The patent No. is that the Chinese utility model patent of ZL201020621138.0 discloses a kind of casting dedicated pouring car, its ladle support is hinged on the both sides of ladle, the ladle support is provided with ladle upset control structure, ladle and ladle support are arranged on the traversing plate, ladle, ladle support and traversing plate are arranged on the car body, the car body bottom is provided with vertical mobile roof support and road wheel, and traversing version can be driven by traversing driving device and move with respect to cross-car.When using this pouring truck cast, the sandbox that holds formwork is emitted on pouring truck corresponding to a side of watering water-coating port, vertically move pouring truck earlier to the sandbox place, utilize transversal driving mechanism that casting ladle is traversing to correct position then, the casting ladle that overturns again makes its mouth of a river aligning formwork cast gate topple over molten steel and pours into a mould.Though this pouring truck has significantly reduced working strength of workers, but still exist not enough: 1, the casting ladle switching mechanism need be set, the structure more complicated, and the functional reliability of this switching mechanism had relatively high expectations, otherwise the security risk that has molten steel to come down in torrents; 2, along with the variation of liquid steel level in the casting ladle, need constantly to adjust the upset degree of casting ladle, consequently distance between the cast gate of the mouth of a river of casting ladle and formwork and angle are also in continuous variation, add that molten steel flows out to cast gate from the mouth of a river track is parabola, and this parabola also is subjected to the influence of the molten steel rate of outflow and casting ladle flip angle speed, therefore is difficult to aim at the formwork cast gate, influences production efficiency, and the easy splash of molten steel endangers safety of workers easily.When 3, pouring into a mould, casting ladle must be traversing to pouring truck one side, center of gravity is amesiality when causing pouring truck work, add that casting ladle is positioned at the pouring truck top, cause the high enterprise of car load center of gravity, therefore for safety, prevent to tumble, need carry out balanced design to this point, and nonetheless, the capacity of casting ladle is also incited somebody to action so be and restricted.4, its horizontal moving structure is complicated partially.
Application number is that the Chinese invention patent application of CN201210135969.0 discloses a kind of casting, melting industry fully-automatic intelligent visual identity casting machine.This casting machine is to have increased automatic control system on the basis of above-mentioned utility model, has particularly increased the intelligent vision recognition system, with identification formwork cast gate, thereby realizes aiming at automatically and pouring into a mould.This patent application has the deficiency of above-mentioned utility model patent equally.And though can realize aiming at automatically cast gate in theory, because the factor that influence is aimed at is very complicated, flue gas is very big when adding cast, so in fact whether can effectively carry out visual identity and aligning is still unknown automatically.
Application number is that the Chinese invention patent application of CN201110194039.8 discloses a kind of multistation full-automatic casting machine, it comprises pouring robot, pouring robot is fixed on a side of the workbench on the main frame, annular array is distributed with and is no less than three cast unit on the workbench, in a side of workbench, be provided with a hydraulic push rod mechanism over against a cast unit; Hydraulic push rod mechanism heads on the cast unit, the workbench bottom forms gear wheel, corresponding cast unit is fixed with pulley support on the work edge of table, pulley is installed on the pulley support, main frame is provided with the guide rail platform, on the guide rail platform motor is installed, the driven by motor pinion rotation, pinion is meshed with gear wheel, and pulley is made circular motion along the guide rail platform.This casting machine also needs inclined casting, has the deficiency of above-mentioned patent (application) equally, and, the structure more complicated of rotary table is difficult to do very greatly, possibly can't be competent at producing in enormous quantities, and be limited to the restriction of bed dimension, can't be at other equipment of workbench periphery.The more important thing is, the rotation mode of workbench, cast unit on it can only be rotated synchronously, and in the whole casting process such as cast, cooling, founding, placement formwork, training sand or the like operation required time and inequality, it is limited to add the cast element number that can arrange on the upper table, so be difficult to satisfy the whole-course automation or the semiautomation operation requirement of whole casting process.
The patent No. is the continuous model casting device that the Chinese utility model patent of ZL201020206701.8 discloses a kind of metal.This patent is the device of working continuously of the moulding, cast, conveying and the cleaning that relate to casting.It is made of the vertical moulding machine, stabilizing mechanism, chain scraper conveyor, apron conveyer, vibratory shakeout machine, the sand sieving machine that connect successively and the casting ladle that is positioned at the chain scraper conveyor top.This device has been realized the whole-course automation of casting to a certain extent, but, because this patent adopts chain scraper conveyor etc., so it adopts direct conveying sand mold (being equivalent to formwork), rather than a lot of sand molds are placed in the special sandbox, otherwise, numerous sandboxes in one line will propose serious challenge to the conveying capacity of conveyer, and,, also can't realize follow-up shake sand and casting cleaning if adopt sandbox.Simultaneously, the running of the mobile conveyer that places one's entire reliance upon of the sand mold on it is so the translational speed of all sand molds is identical.This point, it is improper to there is no for direct employing sand mold is poured into a mould, but can't be applicable to the situation that adopts sandbox.Its reason is: adopt under the situation of sandbox, in the whole casting process such as cast, cooling, founding, placement formwork, training sand or the like operation required time and inequality.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Auto-pouring System, enhancing productivity, reduce security risk, and it can not only satisfy and adopts formwork directly to pour into a mould casting under the situation, can also satisfy the casting under the employing sandbox splendid attire formwork situation well.
Auto-pouring System of the present invention comprises an apparatus for pouring, it is characterized in that also comprising a circular orbit, carry some dollies that are used to shelve sandbox or formwork on the circular orbit, and this circular orbit has at least one section rectilinear orbit; One section rectilinear orbit place is provided with one for the mobile cast track of described apparatus for pouring thereon therein; Trend but its width identical with rectilinear orbit of this cast track is greater than described rectilinear orbit, and its two guide rails lay respectively at the outside of two guide rails of described rectilinear orbit; Be shelved with casting ladle on the described apparatus for pouring, the bottom of casting ladle is located at the mouth of a river of casting ladle; Also be provided with on the apparatus for pouring and be convenient to the horizontal guide rail that casting ladle moves thereon, the trend of horizontal guide rail is vertical with described cast track; The below of apparatus for pouring is left and is allowed the freely through space of the dolly that carries sandbox or formwork.The present invention adopts circular orbit carrying dolly, shelve formwork on the dolly or shelve the sandbox that formwork is housed, being convenient to many dollies independently moves separately, to adapt to variant operation duration, also be convenient to formwork to be cast is delivered to pouring position, also be convenient to the formwork that cast is good and move apart pouring position to carry out subsequent treatment, particularly adopt sandbox to load under the situation of formwork, can disposable numerous formworks be delivered to pouring position, then by adjusting the position of casting ladle on the apparatus for pouring, pour into a mould numerous formworks in a short time, be convenient to continuous production process; Simultaneously, also be convenient to especially other operation treating apparatus are set along the line at circular orbit; In addition, the apparatus for pouring of casting ladle can front, rear, left and right be moved in cooperation, and the mouth of a river is located at the casting ladle bottom, and is very convenient during cast; Because the mouth of a river is arranged on the casting ladle bottom, formwork is accepted cast from the casting ladle bottom, need not the casting ladle that overturns, so can adopt the casting ladle of larger capacity, to avoid frequently changing casting ladle, is convenient to the continuous pouring operation, helps enhancing productivity; Moreover, the formwork cast gate under cast such as the molten steel of fusion thing injects from the mouth of a river of casting ladle bottom, thus aim at easily, and be not easy to take place the molten steel splash, and therefore, both helped safety in production, can significantly enhance productivity again, reduce labor strength.
Described apparatus for pouring preferred construction is: apparatus for pouring comprises a vehicle frame, the bottom of the vehicle frame left and right sides is provided with is convenient to the road wheel that vehicle frame moves forward and backward, road wheel is shelved on the described cast track, the top of vehicle frame is fixed with described horizontal guide rail, be shelved with the back stall that waters that is used to shelve described casting ladle on the horizontal guide rail, and vehicle frame is positioned at described zone of watering back stall below and leaves and allow that the dolly that carries sandbox or formwork is along the freely through described space of fore-and-aft direction; The top of watering back stall is provided with the space that holds described casting ladle, and it is uncovered so that the casting ladle turnover to water the back stall upper end, the bottom is provided with and can allows the mouth of a river of described casting ladle bottom expose to the opening that waters back stall, the top of watering back stall is provided with roller, thereby being shelved on the described horizontal guide rail, roller realizes watering being connected and making the whole back stall that waters can be of back stall and vehicle frame with respect to the vehicle frame move left and right, in addition, this apparatus for pouring also has described first driving mechanism that waters the back stall move left and right of a driving.This apparatus for pouring simple in structure is convenient to operation, and stable, safe, reliably.
Described first driving mechanism comprises that one is arranged on described first drive motors that waters on the back stall, and this first drive motors waters back stall by the driving of first transmission mechanism and moves along described horizontal guide rail.Also be provided with on the described vehicle frame and be used to drive second driving mechanism that vehicle frame moves forward and backward.Described second driving mechanism is preferably: comprise two second drive motors that are divided into bottom, the described vehicle frame left and right sides, each second drive motors all is connected with the corresponding road wheel of described bottom of frame by the second adaptive separately transmission mechanism, moves forward and backward thereby drive vehicle frame.Adopt electric driving mechanism, help reducing labour intensity,, more help operating personnel, and a large amount of toxic and harmfuls that produce during away from cast, thereby improve work situation, reduce security risk away from hot motlten metal as the combined with remote-control device.
Described dolly is provided with an electric machine support, and electric machine support is provided with and can drives the 3rd drive motors that dolly moves forward and backward.The same, adopt electric driving mechanism, help reducing labour intensity, as the combined with remote-control device, more help formwork or sandbox that operating personnel finish away from hot firm cast, and a large amount of toxic and harmfuls that produce away from when cast, thereby improve work situation, reduce security risk.
Also be provided with the turning machine that is used for founding along the line at described circular orbit, be used for sieving after founding sand and with sand be transported to sand storage bin sand preparing system, be used for toward the sandbox training go into that drenching with rain of sand adds the sand device, the three-dimensional plain bumper that is used for the described sandbox sand of jolt ramming one of at least.Preferably: be disposed with described apparatus for pouring along the line at described circular orbit, be used for founding turning machine, be used for sieving after founding sand and with sand be transported to sand storage bin sand preparing system, be used for going into the three-dimensional plain bumper that drenches with rain and add the sand device and be used for the described sandbox sand of jolt ramming of sand toward sandbox training, thereby realize the basic automation of whole process of production, a large amount of operating personnel's quantity that reduce reduce growing recruitment cost.
Described sand preparing system comprises the hopper of the pending sand of a splendid attire, and the below of hopper is a vibratory sieve, and the below of vibratory sieve is adaptive to have one sand is delivered to the induction system of sand storage bin.
Described drench with rain add that the sand device comprises described sand storage bin and fit in sand storage bin bottom add the sand plate, add the sand plate for dull and stereotyped, offer intensive hole on the flat board.Sand falls by hole on the flat board when adding sand, and as drenching with rain, it is fast to add sand speed when falling, go out to many soon times than artificial training sand speed since when adding sand as drenching with rain, speed is fast, and adds sand uniformity height, thus on operating efficiency, work quality than tradition training sand height.
The length of described sandbox is greater than the length of described dolly, and sandbox is when being held on the dolly, and the front-end and back-end of sandbox all protrude in dolly.This setting is convenient to install three-dimensional plain bumper.Based on this, described three-dimensional plain bumper comprises at least 4 liftable struts and is located at the vibrating mechanism of strut bottom that these struts are divided into two groups, can support the front-end and back-end of described sandbox after the rise respectively.Preferably 4 of struts.The effect of three-dimensional plain bumper is the space between the formwork to be filled up and training sand in the sandbox is compressed by three-dimensional vibrating, avoid damaged in the formwork casting process, increased form strength owing in the vibration processes simultaneously, thus formwork thickness can be reduced, thus reduce production costs.Three-dimensional plain bumper is positioned at the trolley track below, when travelling to the plain bumper top, dolly guarantees the dolly position by stopping means, because the vacuum sandbox is greater than dolly, the sandbox two ends protrude in dolly, three-dimensional plain bumper passes through four push rods with vacuum sandbox jack-up, push rod dropped to the normal position after jolt ramming finished, and sandbox comes back on the dolly, and dolly can continue to overtake.
Described sandbox is a vacuum sandbox, it has the casing at a band end, the casing upper end is uncovered, the sidewall of casing is provided with interlayer, have some pores that are communicated with interlayer on the madial wall at interlayer place, the lateral wall at interlayer place is provided with and is used for the exhaust tube that is connected with vacuum suction device, and exhaust tube is communicated with interlayer.Vacuum suction device continuous firing during cast, vacuum suction device connects the vacuum sandbox, and the gas, the flue dust that produce in the casting process are taken away by pipeline, avoids the working environment in the casting process to pollute, and alleviates the harm to operating personnel's health.Also can set up waste gas, flue dust absorption plant,, further avoid harm atmospheric environment such as the water washing dedust jar.
As from the foregoing, the present invention compared with prior art, the present invention had both helped safety in production, can significantly enhance productivity again, reduced labor strength.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 overlooks structural representation under the state for embodiment of the invention Auto-pouring System;
Fig. 2 is a sand preparing system in the embodiment of the invention, drenching with rain adds the structural representation of sand device and three-dimensional plain bumper etc.;
Perspective view when Fig. 3 does not shelve casting ladle for apparatus for pouring in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the perspective view of another angle of apparatus for pouring shown in Figure 3;
Perspective view when Fig. 5 is shelved with casting ladle for apparatus for pouring in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the perspective view of casting ladle;
Fig. 7 looks up the schematic diagram of direction for casting ladle shown in Figure 6.
Fig. 8 is the perspective view that dolly is used in cast in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 9 is the perspective view of cast shown in Figure 8 with another angle of dolly.
Perspective view when Figure 10 does not cover woven wire for vacuum sandbox pore place in the embodiment of the invention;
The perspective view of another angle when Figure 11 is vacuum sandbox pore shown in Figure 10 place covering woven wire;
Figure 12 is the sectional perspective sectional structure schematic diagram of vacuum sandbox shown in Figure 11.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings 1 ~ Figure 12 and embodiment the invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present embodiment Auto-pouring System, comprise a circular orbit 16, carry some dollies 18 that are used to shelve sandbox 17 on the circular orbit 16, and this circular orbit 16 is similar to ellipse substantially, have two sections rectilinear orbits, circular orbit 16 is disposed with apparatus for pouring 19 along the line, be used for the turning machine 20 of founding, be used for sieving after founding sand and with sand be transported to sand storage bin 221 sand preparing system 21, be used for going into the three-dimensional plain bumper 23 that drenches with rain and add sand device 22 and be used for jolt ramming sandbox 17 sands of sand toward sandbox 17 trainings.Described sandbox 17 is the vacuum sandbox, a band also is provided with vacuum suction device (not shown) and the water washing dedust jar 24 that is used to absorb waste gas, flue dust near apparatus for pouring 19, connecting vacuum sandbox 17, and waste gas, the flue dust of coming from 17 suctions of vacuum sandbox are handled in when cast.Wherein one section rectilinear orbit place in aforementioned rectilinear orbit is provided with one for the mobile cast track 25 of described apparatus for pouring 19 thereon.Trend but its width identical with rectilinear orbit of this cast track 25 is greater than rectilinear orbit, and its two guide rails lay respectively at the outside of two guide rails of rectilinear orbit.Be used for founding turning machine 20, be used for sieving after founding sand and with sand be transported to sand storage bin 221 sand preparing system 21, being used for going into 23 of three-dimensional plain bumpers that drenching with rain of sand add sand device 22 and be used for described sandbox 17 sands of jolt ramming toward sandbox 17 training, to be successively set on the straightway of circular orbit 16 opposite sides along the line.
Described apparatus for pouring 19 comprises a vehicle frame 1, the bottom of this vehicle frame 1 left and right sides respectively is provided with two and is convenient to the road wheel 2 that vehicle frame moves forward and backward, wherein two road wheels in front are driving wheel, next two road wheels are driven pulley, corresponding to each driving wheel, the bottom of vehicle frame 1 respective side is equipped with one second drive motors, 3, the second drive motors 3 and is connected with described driving wheel by the second adaptive transmission mechanism 4, moves forward and backward thereby drive vehicle frame 1.During use, four road wheels 2 of vehicle frame 1 are placed on the cast track 25 that is fixed in ground, thereby are more convenient for moving, and also are convenient to control the direction of its walking.
The horizontal guide rail 5 of trend about the top of vehicle frame 1 is fixed with, be shelved with on the horizontal guide rail 5 be used to shelve casting ladle 6 water back stall 7, and vehicle frame 1 is positioned at the zone of watering back stall 7 belows and leaves the dolly of allowing sandbox or carrying sandbox together along the freely through space of fore-and-aft direction; The top of watering back stall 7 is provided with the space that holds casting ladle 6, and it is uncovered so that casting ladle 6 turnover to water back stall 7 upper ends, the bottom is provided with and can allows the mouth of a river 601 of casting ladle bottom expose to the opening 701 that waters back stall 7, the top of watering back stall 7 is provided with roller 8, thereby being shelved on the aforesaid horizontal guide rail 5, roller 8 realizes watering being connected and making the whole back stall 7 that waters can be of back stall 7 and vehicle frame 1 with respect to vehicle frame 1 move left and right, in addition, this apparatus for pouring 19 also has one and drives and to water first driving mechanism of back stall 7 move left and right.
First driving mechanism comprises that one is arranged on first drive motors 9 that waters on the back stall 7, and this first drive motors 9 waters back stall 7 by 10 drivings of first transmission mechanism and moves along described horizontal guide rail 5.
Be provided with a stopper rod 11 in the described casting ladle 6, the lower end of this stopper rod 11 fits in 601 places, the described mouth of a river, and the top of stopper rod 11 is connected with a leverage, moves up and down and opens or closes the described mouth of a river 601 thereby leverage can drive stopper rod 11.Described leverage comprises a drive rod 12 that be arranged in parallel with stopper rod 11, this drive rod 12 is arranged on outside the casting ladle 6, and be restricted to respect to casting ladle 6 and can only move up and down, fixedly connected with stopper rod 11 in the upper end of drive rod 12, leverage comprises that also can promote the ripping bar 13 that drive rod 12 moves up and down, the middle part of this ripping bar 13 is hinged on the support member 14 with respect to casting ladle 6 fixed-site, the front end of ripping bar 13 is hinged on the drive rod 12, and the hinged place is provided with the bar hole 131 that is used for bit shift compensation, its rear end is a driving handle 132, the detachable prolongation handle 15 that stretches out in outside the vehicle frame 1 that is connected with in the end of driving handle 132 is to prolong its operating distance.
Described back stall 7 inside of watering are provided with and are convenient to the stable supporting construction that holds casting ladle 6, and this supporting construction comprises the gusset 702 that several piece radially is provided with along casting ladle, the madial wall shape of each gusset 702 and the outer wall shape complementarity of casting ladle 6.
The both sides of described casting ladle 6 are provided with the roller 602 that cooperates with described horizontal guide rail 5, to disperse to water the stressed of back stall 7, increase security.
For ease of moving of control casting ladle 6 and vehicle frame 1, apparatus for pouring 19 also is provided with the running that a controller (not shown) is controlled each motor, this controller can be a remote controller, it also can be cable controller, thereby realize the workman away from casting ladle, place oneself in the midst of that vehicle frame 1 is external to carry out pouring practice.
The occupation mode of apparatus for pouring 19 is as follows in the embodiment of the invention:
The dolly 18 that carries sandbox 17 is moved to vehicle frame 1 below, the casting ladle 6 that fills molten steel winches to and waters location in the back stall 7, prolonging handle 15 is connected on the driving handle 132 of leverage, adjust the position of vehicle frame 1 and casting ladle 6 by controller, make the cast gate of the interior formwork of the mouth of a river 601 aligning sandboxes of casting ladle, push and prolong handle 15, emit molten steel, lift prolongation handle 15 after filling with and close the mouth of a river 601, adjust the position of vehicle frame 1 and casting ladle 6 again by controller, make the cast gate of interior another formwork of the mouth of a river 601 aligning sandboxes of casting ladle 6, row cast again, so repeat, whole formwork cast in a sandbox 17 finish, and release dolly 18 then, push the dolly 18 that the next one carries sandbox 17, pouring molten steel finishes in casting ladle 6, changes casting ladle 6 again or inject molten steel in casting ladle 6.
Dolly 18 in the embodiment of the invention, its top are a flat board 181, and dull and stereotyped 181 below is provided with two front-wheels 182 and two trailing wheels 183, and the spacing between two front-wheels equates with spacing between two trailing wheels.
Dull and stereotyped 181 rear end two bottom sides respectively is provided with a clutch shaft bearing support, clutch shaft bearing 185 is installed on the clutch shaft bearing support, one first rotating shaft 186 is passed the centre bore located lateral of two clutch shaft bearings 185 in two clutch shaft bearings 185, and the two ends of first rotating shaft 186 respectively are equipped with a trailing wheel 183.
For ease of driving dolly 18 walkings, dull and stereotyped 181 below also is provided with an electric machine support, and electric machine support is provided with and can drives the motor 184 that first rotating shaft is rotated.The kind of drive is between the motor 184 and first rotating shaft 186: be equipped with on the output shaft of motor 184 in a driving gear 1841, the first rotating shafts 186 driven gear 1861 is installed, be connected with cogged drive belt between driving gear 1841 and the driven gear 1861.
Also be provided with a stopping means (not shown) on the dolly of present embodiment, this stopping means can be responded to the distance between the dolly 18 that this dolly 18 is adjacent, thereby and this stopping means is connected with the controller of control motor 184 running motor 184 is shut down, to avoid collision between the adjacent dolly 18, guarantee safety and suitable operating space is provided.
For ease of dolly 18 being shaken the control operation, so that operating personnel are away from the hot environment in when cast, guarantee operating personnel's safety, also be provided with one on the present embodiment dolly 18 and shake control inductor (not shown), this shakes the control inductor and is connected with the controller of control motor 184 running, thereby motor 184 is started or stoped after instructing from control of remote controller receiving.
Dolly 18 can be walked on circular orbit 16 for convenience, make things convenient for dolly 18 to turn to, the mounting means of described front-wheel 182 and trailing wheel 183 are different, specifically: the centre position of dull and stereotyped 181 front bottom end is fixed with one second support of bearing, second bearing 187 of one centre bore axis along vertical trend is installed in second support of bearing, be fixed with a vertical minor axis 188 that is provided with in the centre bore of second bearing 187, the lower end of minor axis 188 is fixedly connected with a horizontal major axis 189, and the two ends of major axis 189 respectively are equipped with one can be with respect to the front-wheel 182 of these major axis 189 rotations.
For fear of dolly 18 ovdersteerings, guarantee steadily turning to of dolly 18, the both sides of dull and stereotyped 181 lower front also respectively are provided with a locating part 1801, the lower end of locating part 1801 the rear of major axis 189 and and major axis 189 between have default distance.When dolly 18 ovdersteerings, this locating part 1801 will prop up major axis 189, thereby stop the rotation of minor axis 188, prevent front-wheel 182 ovdersteerings.
Because the parallel track of cast track 25 and dolly 18 walkings, and cast track 25 is wider than trolley track, so apparatus for pouring 19 can travel on the dolly 18, dolly 18 also can travel below apparatus for pouring 19 and by apparatus for pouring 19.
Vacuum sandbox 17 in the embodiment of the invention, it has the casing 171 at a band end, casing 171 upper ends are uncovered, sidewall is provided with the interlayer 172 that interconnects around this casing 171, have the pore 174 that a row is communicated with interlayer 172 on the madial wall 173 at interlayer 172 places, be coated with the woven wire 175 that is enough to cover described pore 174 on the madial wall 173, to prevent fine sand suction interlayer 172 and pipeline.Pore 174 is the bar hole that moves towards up and down.The lateral wall 176 at interlayer 172 places is provided with and is used for the exhaust tube 177 that is connected with vacuum suction device, and exhaust tube 177 is communicated with interlayer 172.The length of vacuum sandbox 17 is greater than the length of dolly 18, and sandbox 17 is when being held on the dolly 18, and the front-end and back-end of sandbox 17 all protrude in dolly 18.During use; the exhaust tube 177 that sets formwork and trained the sandbox of sand is connected with vacuum suction device; open air extractor; can pour into a mould; the flue gas that cast produces promptly can be taken away under the effect of air extractor; emptying again after the flue gas of taking away feeds and handles in the water washing dedust jar 24 that can absorb flue gas is with the whole atmospheric environment of further protection.
Described sand preparing system 21 comprises the hopper 211 of the pending sand of a splendid attire, and the below of hopper 211 is a vibratory sieve 212, and the below of vibratory sieve 212 is adaptive to have one sand is delivered to the induction system 213 of sand storage bin 221.Turning machine then comprises the driving that dolly can be sling and sandbox can be overturn after lifting by crane setting height, sand and the good formwork of cast are fallen in the mesh screen of a vibration in the lump in the sandbox of sandbox upset back, mesh screen is tilted to down towards an end, and at least significant end place opening, thereby reusable sand falls into the hopper of the sand preparing system of below through the mesh screen sieve aperture, and formwork, coarse fodders such as foundry goods are then fallen into the wagon box that is used for loading coarse fodder from the opening of mesh screen low side, and sand is further sent in the sand storage bin 221 that adds sand device 22 that drenches with rain after the screening through the vibratory sieve 212 of sand preparing system 21 again.
Described drench with rain add that sand device 22 comprises described sand storage bin 221 and fit in sand storage bin 221 bottoms add sand plate 222, add sand plate 222 for dull and stereotyped, offer intensive hole on dull and stereotyped 222.Described three-dimensional plain bumper 23 is arranged on to drench with rain and adds the position of sand device 22 belows, comprises four liftable struts and the vibrating mechanism of being located at the strut bottom, and these struts are divided into two groups, can support the front-end and back-end of sandbox 17 after the rise respectively.In the present embodiment, drenching with rain adds sand device 22 and three-dimensional plain bumper 23 is provided with a plurality of.
The course of work of the embodiment of the invention simply is described below:
Dolly 18 is walking counterclockwise on circular orbit 16, dolly 18 passes through Electric Machine Control, operator's hand-held remote control device is controlled the walking of dolly 18, and little vehicle headway is realized fixed range by stopping means, has avoided in dolly 18 driving process taking place to squeeze bumping the insecurity that waits initiation.Vacuum sandbox 17 is positioned on the dolly 18, vacuum sandbox 17 rear and front ends protrude in dolly 18, treat that dolly 18 travels to the formwork accommodation area, by spacing, dolly stops, in dolly, adorn formwork, after formwork has been adorned, dolly 18 to overtake, travel and add under the sand device 22 to drenching with rain, unlatching drenches with rain and adds the sand switch, to training sand in the vacuum sandbox 17, after sandbox 17 was filled, the three-dimensional plain bumper 23 that is positioned under the dolly rose 4 struts (because the sandbox two ends protrude in dolly, so strut is just propped up sandbox), the three-dimensional plain bumper 23 in tight flask 17 backs will carry out three-dimensional jolt ramming to sandbox 17, jolt ramming is finished rear pole and is resetted, and vacuum sandbox 17 is got back on the dolly 18, and dolly 18 continues counterclockwise to travel, when dolly 18 travels to apparatus for pouring 19 belows, vacuum pipe is connected with vacuum sandbox 17, pours into a mould then, casting complete pulls out vacuum pipe, dolly 18 to overtake, when arriving the founding zone, dolly 18 stops, and the driving sandbox 17 of slinging carries out the sand removal operation, sandbox 17 came back on the dolly 18 after sand removal was finished, dolly 18 continues to overtake, travels to formwork carrying zone, finishes a work period.

Claims (13)

1. an Auto-pouring System comprises an apparatus for pouring, it is characterized in that also comprising a circular orbit, carry some dollies that are used to shelve sandbox or formwork on the circular orbit, and this circular orbit has at least one section rectilinear orbit; One section rectilinear orbit place is provided with one for the mobile cast track of described apparatus for pouring thereon therein; Trend but its width identical with rectilinear orbit of this cast track is greater than described rectilinear orbit, and its two guide rails lay respectively at the outside of two guide rails of described rectilinear orbit; Be shelved with casting ladle on the described apparatus for pouring, the bottom of casting ladle is located at the mouth of a river of casting ladle; Also be provided with on the apparatus for pouring and be convenient to the horizontal guide rail that casting ladle moves thereon, the trend of horizontal guide rail is vertical with described cast track; The below of apparatus for pouring is left and is allowed the freely through space of the dolly that carries sandbox or formwork.
2. Auto-pouring System according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described apparatus for pouring comprises a vehicle frame, the bottom of the vehicle frame left and right sides is provided with is convenient to the road wheel that vehicle frame moves forward and backward, road wheel is shelved on the described cast track, the top of vehicle frame is fixed with described horizontal guide rail, be shelved with the back stall that waters that is used to shelve described casting ladle on the horizontal guide rail, and vehicle frame is positioned at described zone of watering back stall below and leaves and allow that the dolly that carries sandbox or formwork is along the freely through described space of fore-and-aft direction; The top of watering back stall is provided with the space that holds described casting ladle, and it is uncovered so that the casting ladle turnover to water the back stall upper end, the bottom is provided with and can allows the mouth of a river of described casting ladle bottom expose to the opening that waters back stall, the top of watering back stall is provided with roller, thereby being shelved on the described horizontal guide rail, roller realizes watering being connected and making the whole back stall that waters can be of back stall and vehicle frame with respect to the vehicle frame move left and right, in addition, this apparatus for pouring also has described first driving mechanism that waters the back stall move left and right of a driving.
3. Auto-pouring System according to claim 2 is characterized in that described first driving mechanism comprises that one is arranged on described first drive motors that waters on the back stall, and this first drive motors waters back stall by the driving of first transmission mechanism and moves along described horizontal guide rail.
4. Auto-pouring System according to claim 2 is characterized in that also being provided with on the described vehicle frame and is used to drive second driving mechanism that vehicle frame moves forward and backward.
5. Auto-pouring System according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described second driving mechanism comprises two second drive motors that are divided into bottom, the described vehicle frame left and right sides, each second drive motors all is connected with the corresponding road wheel of described bottom of frame by the second adaptive separately transmission mechanism, moves forward and backward thereby drive vehicle frame.
6. Auto-pouring System according to claim 1 is characterized in that described dolly is provided with an electric machine support, and electric machine support is provided with and can drives the 3rd drive motors that dolly moves forward and backward.
7. according to the described Auto-pouring System of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that also being provided with the turning machine that is used for founding along the line at described circular orbit, be used for sieving after founding sand and with sand be transported to sand storage bin sand preparing system, be used for toward the sandbox training go into that drenching with rain of sand adds the sand device, the three-dimensional plain bumper that is used for the described sandbox sand of jolt ramming one of at least.
8. Auto-pouring System according to claim 7, it is characterized in that being disposed with described apparatus for pouring along the line at described circular orbit, be used for founding turning machine, be used for sieving after founding sand and with sand be transported to sand storage bin sand preparing system, be used for going into the three-dimensional plain bumper that drenches with rain and add the sand device and be used for the described sandbox sand of jolt ramming of sand toward sandbox training.
9. Auto-pouring System according to claim 7 is characterized in that described sand preparing system comprises the hopper of the pending sand of a splendid attire, and the below of hopper is a vibratory sieve, and the below of vibratory sieve is adaptive to have one sand is delivered to the induction system of sand storage bin.
10. Auto-pouring System according to claim 7, it is characterized in that described drench with rain add that the sand device comprises described sand storage bin and fit in sand storage bin bottom add the sand plate, add the sand plate for dull and stereotyped, offer intensive hole on the flat board.
11. Auto-pouring System according to claim 7 is characterized in that the length of the length of described sandbox greater than described dolly, and sandbox is when being held on the dolly, the front-end and back-end of sandbox all protrude in dolly.
12. Auto-pouring System according to claim 11, it is characterized in that described three-dimensional plain bumper comprises at least 4 liftable struts and the vibrating mechanism of being located at the strut bottom, these struts are divided into two groups, can support the front-end and back-end of described sandbox after the rise respectively.
13. Auto-pouring System according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described sandbox is a vacuum sandbox, it has the casing at a band end, the casing upper end is uncovered, the sidewall of casing is provided with interlayer, have some pores that are communicated with interlayer on the madial wall at interlayer place, the lateral wall at interlayer place is provided with and is used for the exhaust tube that is connected with vacuum suction device, and exhaust tube is communicated with interlayer.
CN 201320043049 2013-01-24 2013-01-24 Automatic pouring system Withdrawn - After Issue CN203076568U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103042202A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-04-17 宁波禾顺新材料有限公司 Automatic pouring system
CN104016090A (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-09-03 十堰市永俱成工贸有限公司 Travelling crane capable of achieving multistation feed at same time period
CN104550886A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-29 焦作市迈科冶金机械有限公司 Continuous casting machine for silicon iron blank production and casting molds thereof
CN104646648A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-05-27 宁波汽车软轴软管有限公司 Automatic feed pouring device
CN105149558A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-16 诸葛明 Casting pouring truck with automatic pouring function
CN113523264A (en) * 2020-04-20 2021-10-22 烟台冰轮智能机械科技有限公司 Full-flow automatic pouring process method for various small-batch products
CN113858876A (en) * 2021-09-30 2021-12-31 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Combined wheel structure and mounting method

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103042202A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-04-17 宁波禾顺新材料有限公司 Automatic pouring system
CN103042202B (en) * 2013-01-24 2014-07-16 宁波禾顺新材料有限公司 Automatic pouring system
CN104016090A (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-09-03 十堰市永俱成工贸有限公司 Travelling crane capable of achieving multistation feed at same time period
CN104646648A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-05-27 宁波汽车软轴软管有限公司 Automatic feed pouring device
CN104550886A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-29 焦作市迈科冶金机械有限公司 Continuous casting machine for silicon iron blank production and casting molds thereof
CN104550886B (en) * 2014-12-30 2016-06-22 焦作市迈科冶金机械有限公司 Ferrosilicon base produces with continuous casting machine and casting mold thereof
CN105149558A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-16 诸葛明 Casting pouring truck with automatic pouring function
CN113523264A (en) * 2020-04-20 2021-10-22 烟台冰轮智能机械科技有限公司 Full-flow automatic pouring process method for various small-batch products
CN113858876A (en) * 2021-09-30 2021-12-31 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Combined wheel structure and mounting method
CN113858876B (en) * 2021-09-30 2023-10-20 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Combined wheel structure and installation method

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