CN203049785U - Shock absorption support utilizing shock-absorption control apparatus - Google Patents

Shock absorption support utilizing shock-absorption control apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203049785U
CN203049785U CN 201220664932 CN201220664932U CN203049785U CN 203049785 U CN203049785 U CN 203049785U CN 201220664932 CN201220664932 CN 201220664932 CN 201220664932 U CN201220664932 U CN 201220664932U CN 203049785 U CN203049785 U CN 203049785U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
damping
plate
support plate
support
shock
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220664932
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩凯翔
罗绍辉
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上海英谷桥梁科技有限公司
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Priority to CN 201220664932 priority Critical patent/CN203049785U/en
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Publication of CN203049785U publication Critical patent/CN203049785U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a shock absorption support of buildings. A shock absorption support utilizing a shock-absorption control apparatus comprises a support main body, the support main body comprises support plates, and the support plates comprises an upper support plate and a lower support plate; the shock-absorption control apparatus used for shock absorption is arranged between the upper support plate and the lower support plate and is fixed on any one of the upper support plate and the lower support plate; the shock-absorption control apparatus comprises a mass block; at least one side of the mass block is provided with a shock absorption mechanism which comprises a spring set and a viscous damper, and the spring set and the viscous damper are welded on the mass block; the mass block is fixedly connected with any one of the upper support plate and the lower support plate through the shock absorption mechanism and is provided with through holes; and guide rods are arranged between the upper support plate and the lower support plate, are fixed on any one of the upper support plate and the lower support plate and penetrate through the through holes. The shock absorption support utilizing the shock-absorption control apparatus is simple in structure, low in cost, and not easy to break and long in service life because of being provided with few mechanical components.

Description

Adopt the shock mount of damping control device
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of civil engineering, is specifically related to a kind of shock absorption supporting seat of buildings.
Background technology
In recent years, stride greatly with high building structure more and more.In order to meet the architectural aesthetic requirement, these are striden greatly, and the shared ratio of flat facade irregular structure gets more and more in the high-level structure.How to improve the safety of these irregular structure opposing earthquakes and discharge the temperature deformation that these structures produce in daily use, the various countries scholar has carried out a lot of theory and technology researchs to this.
Wherein, cushion technique is applied to all kinds of newly-built, reorganization and expansion, stabilization works just more and more as mature and reliable, the effective technology that a kind ofly can improve structural seismic performance, reduce seismic hazard.Applying of seismic isolation technology has benefited from having big vertical bearing capacity, horizontal movement greatly and can control, have the development and Application of the shock mount of variable characteristics such as horizontal rigidity.
In actual use, earthquake, wind shake and other vibration equipments all may cause the vibration of building structure self, bad reaction such as this vibration may cause the damage accumulation of structure, and the irregular operating of equipment and human body sensory are uncomfortable.
The utility model content
In order to solve common shock mount, particularly spherical shock mount can not provide the problem of bigger damping force, overcome the not enough defective of energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing power under earthquake, high wind effect, the purpose of this utility model is, a kind of shock mount that big damping force, long service life can be provided is provided.
The technical problem that the utility model solves can realize by the following technical solutions:
Adopt the shock mount of damping control device, comprise support body, described support body comprises for a seat board that connects engineering structures, described seat board comprises for the upper bracket plate that connects the top engineering structures, be used for connecting the lower support plate of bottom engineering structures, be provided with the damping control device for damping between described upper bracket plate and the described lower support plate, described damping control device is fixed on, on at least one among both of lower support plate, it is characterized in that, described vibrations control device comprises a mass, at least one side of described mass is provided with damping, described damping comprises a groups of springs, one viscous damper, described groups of springs, described viscous damper is welded on the described mass, on described mass is fixedly connected by described damping, at least one among both of lower support plate;
Have perforation on the described mass, be provided with guide peg between described upper and lower the seat board, described guide peg is fixed on upper and lower seat board any one among both, and described guide peg passes described perforation.
This is simple in structure, and cost is low, and because mechanical part is few, not fragile, long service life.
Described mass comprises plural block plate, has described perforation on the described steel plate, also has bolt hole on the described steel plate, and described mass is formed by stacking by plural block plate, and fixes by a fixed-use bolt, and described fixed-use bolt passes described bolt hole.This structure can be that the quality of mass is adjustable, to adapt to the needs of different structure.When the frequency of TMD need be carried out when tuning, as long as change the thickness of steel plate.
The above and below of described mass is equipped with described damping, and the top damping that is positioned at the top connects described upper bracket plate, and the below damping that is positioned at the below connects described lower support plate, and is two-way adjustable up and down to realize.
As a kind of preferred version, described support body adopts cast steel spherical bearing main body, and described cast steel spherical bearing main body comprises upper and lower seat board and an intermediate panel between the two.Adopt the shock mount of damping control device like this, can pass through the power transmission of intermediate panel, each is to the rotating property unanimity, the necking that power can not occur, when particularly acting on the concrete, counter-force is more even, is applicable to the joint structure of all kinds of form of structure complexity.And the utility model is when rotating, because its rotating torque is only relevant with the friction factor of bearing spherical radius and each contact surface, irrelevant with bearing corner size, rotating torque is little, is specially adapted to the requirement of big corner, and the design corner can reach more than the 0.06rad.And the utility model do not adopt the rubber pressure-bearing, do not have easily aging parts, and can reach 100 years normal service life, do not exist ageing of rubber to the influence of cast steel spherical bearing main body rotating property, is specially adapted to the more abominable area of environment for use.
Described upper bracket plate inner surface is covered with corrosion resistant plate, and described corrosion resistant plate adopts the mirror face stainless steel plate, and described mirror face stainless steel plate pastes on described upper bracket plate inner surface.High-quality mirror face stainless steel plate, the coefficient of sliding friction is low, can effectively discharge the thermal stresses of superstructure under the normal mode of occupation.The close arcwall face of described lower support plate and described intermediate panel is provided with the sphere slide plate.Be embedded with the plane slide plate on the one side of the close described upper bracket plate of described intermediate panel, be coated with hard chrome near on the curved surfaces of described lower support plate.Described plane slide plate and described sphere slide plate all adopt polytetrafluoroethylmaterial material, also can adopt the modified ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene material.The sliding material of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene, compressive strength is big, can reach 60Mpa.Polytetrafluoroethylmaterial material and modified ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene material are existing materials, no longer describe in detail herein.Corrosion resistant plate and plane slide plate constitute the planar friction pair, make bearing can realize the slip of horizontal direction.Hard chrome and sphere slide plate constitute the sphere friction pair, make bearing can realize to a certain degree rotation.
When working under the home, the utility model can be realized slip and rotation to a certain degree when bearing vertical load that the top engineering structures transmits and horizontal loading, play the effect of release temperature stress.When earthquake, high wind or other vibration situation took place, displacement of the present utility model exceeded the scope of working under the home, and damper is started working, and utilizes the characteristic of damping material that certain damping force is provided, and plays damping effect by the damper hysteretic energy.
Beneficial effect: owing to adopted technique scheme, the utility model has solved the problem that common bearing for a long time can not provide bigger damping force, overcome the not enough defective of energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing ability under earthquake, high wind effect, changed the drawback that in the past needs in structure design, bearing and damper to be separated design, reduce the design complexity of damping, had favorable economic benefit and social benefit.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of damping control device of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the another kind of structural representation of damping control device of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the utility model is realized, reach purpose with effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with the further elaboration the utility model of concrete diagram.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, adopt the shock mount of damping control device, comprise support body.Support body comprises for a seat board that connects engineering structures, prop up seat board and comprise for the upper bracket plate 1 that connects the top engineering structures, for the lower support plate 6 that connects the bottom engineering structures, be provided with the damping control device 7 for damping between upper bracket plate 1 and the lower support plate 6.Damping control device 7 is fixed at least one among both of upper and lower seat board, the vibrations control device comprises a mass 71, at least one side of mass 71 is provided with damping, damping comprises a groups of springs 72, a viscous damper 73, groups of springs 72, viscous damper 73 are welded on the mass 71, and mass 71 is by at least one among both of fixedly connected upper and lower the seat board of damping.Fig. 2 is fixed on the structure of lower support plate 6 for damping control device 7.Have perforation on the mass 71, be provided with guide peg 74 between upper and lower the seat board, guide peg 74 is fixed on upper and lower seat board any one among both, and guide peg passes perforation.
This is simple in structure, and cost is low, and because mechanical part is few, not fragile, long service life.
Mass 71 can comprise plural block plate, referring to Fig. 2, has perforation on the steel plate, also has bolt hole on the steel plate, and mass 71 is formed by stacking by plural block plate, and fixing by a fixed-use bolt 75, and fixed-use bolt 75 passes bolt hole.This structure can be that the quality of mass is adjustable, to adapt to the needs of different structure.When the frequency of TMD need be carried out when tuning, as long as change the thickness of steel plate.
Fig. 3 is the structure that the above and below of mass 71 is equipped with damping, and at this moment, the top damping that is positioned at the top connects upper bracket plate 1, and the below damping that is positioned at the below connects lower support plate 6, and is two-way adjustable up and down with realization.
Spherical bearing each to rotating property unanimity, counter-force evenly, rotating torque is little, angle range is big, the life-span is long, and can not occur the necking of power during rotation, so the preferred cast steel spherical bearing of support body main body.Be example with the cast steel spherical bearing below, describe in detail.
With reference to Fig. 1, cast steel spherical bearing main body mainly comprises upper bracket plate 1, lower support plate 6, intermediate panel 4, also comprises damping control device 7.Upper bracket plate 1 is used for connecting the top engineering structures, and lower support plate 6 is used for connecting the bottom engineering structures, slip, rotation and damping when intermediate panel 4 is used for operate as normal, and damping control device 7 is used for damping force is provided, and further improves damping effect.
Upper bracket plate 1 inner surface is covered with corrosion resistant plate 2, and corrosion resistant plate 2 can adopt the mode that pastes to be overlying on the inner surface of upper bracket plate 1.Lower support plate 6 and intermediate panel 4 close arcwall faces are provided with the sphere flat runner.Be embedded with plane slide plate 3 on the one side of the close upper bracket plate 1 of intermediate panel 4, be coated with hard chrome near on the curved surfaces of lower support plate 6.
The annexation of each several part: upper bracket plate 1 is relative up and down with lower support plate 6, in the middle of intermediate panel 4 is positioned at, and the spherical radian of intermediate panel 4 and the radian of lower support plate 6 coupling.Corrosion resistant plate on the upper bracket plate 12 constitutes the planar friction pair with the plane slide plate 3 of intermediate panel 4 upper surfaces like this, makes bearing can realize the slip of horizontal direction.The hard chrome on intermediate panel 4 lower curved surfaces and the sphere slide plate on the lower support plate 65 constitutes the sphere friction pairs, makes bearing can realize to a certain degree rotation.Damping control device 7 is fixed on the seat board by connecting key, specifically between upper bracket plate 1 and lower support plate 6, is fixed on any one among both of upper and lower seat board 6 by connecting key.With reference to Fig. 1, upper bracket plate 1 is " n " shape; Lower support plate 6 is inverse-T-shaped, and the vertical component in the middle of being positioned at is embedded with intermediate panel 4, and being positioned on the horizonal base plate of both sides fixedly has damping control device 7.With reference to Fig. 2, upper bracket plate 1 is " one " type, and lower support plate 6 is inverse-T-shaped, and fixedly there is damping control device 7 in the place that faces lower support plate 6 horizonal base plates on the upper bracket plate 1.The main distinction of Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 just is the permanent position of damping control device 7.
The material of each parts: upper and lower seat board adopts Gs20Mn5 cast steel, after various trace elements and the antirust processing of process multilayer are added in the basis of normal steel casting, and the solderability height, corrosion resistance is strong.Damping control device 7 adopts plumbous extruding damping control device 7 or mild steel damping control device 7.Plumbous extruding damping control device 7 or mild steel damping control device 7 have good hysteretic energy ability (equivalent damping ratio can reach 20-30%), will effectively reduce vibration and the destruction of superstructure under effects such as earthquake, high wind.Corrosion resistant plate 2 adopts the mirror face stainless steel plate, the mirror face stainless steel plate, and the coefficient of sliding friction is low, can effectively discharge the thermal stresses of superstructure under the normal mode of occupation.Plane slide plate 3 and sphere slide plate 5 all adopt polytetrafluoroethylmaterial material.Because the sliding material of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene, compressive strength is big, can reach 60Mpa, and plane slide plate 3 and sphere slide plate 5 also can adopt the modified ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene material.
The course of work: when working under the home; the shock mount that adopts damping control device is when bearing the vertical load and horizontal loading that the top engineering structures transmits; can pass through 4 power transmissions of intermediate panel, realize to a certain degree slip and rotation, play the effect of release temperature stress.When earthquake, high wind or other vibration situation take place; adopt the displacement of the shock mount of damping control device to exceed the scope of working under the home; damping control device 7 is started working; utilize the characteristic of damping material that certain damping force is provided, play damping effect by the damper hysteretic energy.
Adopt the shock mount of damping control device, adopt cast steel spherical bearing main body and the support body structural similarity that adopts other type, difference is the concrete permanent position of damping control device 7.For example adopt the yielding rubber support body, damper can be placed the yielding rubber lamination outside, between upper and lower the seat board.
More than show and described basic principle of the present utility model and principal character and advantage of the present utility model.The technician of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in above-described embodiment and the manual just illustrates principle of the present utility model; under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model spirit and scope; the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in claimed the utility model scope.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. adopt the shock mount of damping control device, comprise support body, described support body comprises for a seat board that connects engineering structures, described seat board comprises for the upper bracket plate that connects the top engineering structures, be used for connecting the lower support plate of bottom engineering structures, be provided with the damping control device for damping between described upper bracket plate and the described lower support plate, described damping control device is fixed on, on at least one among both of lower support plate, it is characterized in that, described vibrations control device comprises a mass, at least one side of described mass is provided with damping, described damping comprises a groups of springs, one viscous damper, described groups of springs, described viscous damper is welded on the described mass, on described mass is fixedly connected by described damping, at least one among both of lower support plate;
Have perforation on the described mass, be provided with guide peg between described upper and lower the seat board, described guide peg is fixed on upper and lower seat board any one among both, and described guide peg passes described perforation.
2. the shock mount of employing damping control device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described mass comprises plural block plate, have described perforation on the described steel plate, also have bolt hole on the described steel plate, described mass is formed by stacking by plural block plate, and fix by a fixed-use bolt, described fixed-use bolt passes described bolt hole.
3. the shock mount of employing damping control device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the above and below of described mass is equipped with described damping, the top damping that is positioned at the top connects described upper bracket plate, and the below damping that is positioned at the below connects described lower support plate.
4. according to the shock mount of claim 1,2 or 3 described employing damping control devices, it is characterized in that: described support body is cast steel spherical bearing main body, and described cast steel spherical bearing main body comprises upper and lower seat board and an intermediate panel between the two.
CN 201220664932 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Shock absorption support utilizing shock-absorption control apparatus CN203049785U (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103744177A (en) * 2014-01-09 2014-04-23 中国科学院光电技术研究所 Combined wavefront corrector
CN105714671A (en) * 2016-03-13 2016-06-29 北京工业大学 Combined ultra-elastic overlapping multi-bending-plate vibration reduction energy consumption device for self anchoring suspension cable bridge
CN105804265A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-07-27 福州大学 Vertical viscoelastic collision tuning mass damper device and work mode thereof
CN105864516A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-08-17 洛阳海惠新材料股份有限公司 Anti-strong shock support for antimony ethylene glycol material conveying pipeline
CN105864515A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-08-17 洛阳海惠新材料股份有限公司 Wall corner damping device for antimony ethylene glycol material conveying pipeline
CN106436947A (en) * 2016-09-07 2017-02-22 同济大学 Damping device for large-span structure and design method thereof
CN107605222A (en) * 2017-08-08 2018-01-19 李少帅 A kind of a variety of hybrid dampers of power for building
CN107761555A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-06 中国冶集团有限公司 Shock-absorbing bridge support
CN109780127A (en) * 2017-11-15 2019-05-21 中国电力科学研究院有限公司 A kind of damping device
CN110145567A (en) * 2019-04-24 2019-08-20 上海大学 A kind of nonlinear energy remittance
CN110657192A (en) * 2019-09-24 2020-01-07 涂建维 Vibration isolation device based on tuned mass damper

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103744177A (en) * 2014-01-09 2014-04-23 中国科学院光电技术研究所 Combined wavefront corrector
CN105714671A (en) * 2016-03-13 2016-06-29 北京工业大学 Combined ultra-elastic overlapping multi-bending-plate vibration reduction energy consumption device for self anchoring suspension cable bridge
CN105804265B (en) * 2016-05-09 2017-11-17 福州大学 Vertical viscoplasticity collision tuned mass damper device and its mode of operation
CN105804265A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-07-27 福州大学 Vertical viscoelastic collision tuning mass damper device and work mode thereof
CN105864516A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-08-17 洛阳海惠新材料股份有限公司 Anti-strong shock support for antimony ethylene glycol material conveying pipeline
CN105864515A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-08-17 洛阳海惠新材料股份有限公司 Wall corner damping device for antimony ethylene glycol material conveying pipeline
CN106436947A (en) * 2016-09-07 2017-02-22 同济大学 Damping device for large-span structure and design method thereof
CN106436947B (en) * 2016-09-07 2019-08-06 同济大学 A kind of damping device and its design method for longspan structure
CN107605222A (en) * 2017-08-08 2018-01-19 李少帅 A kind of a variety of hybrid dampers of power for building
CN107761555A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-06 中国冶集团有限公司 Shock-absorbing bridge support
CN109780127A (en) * 2017-11-15 2019-05-21 中国电力科学研究院有限公司 A kind of damping device
CN110145567A (en) * 2019-04-24 2019-08-20 上海大学 A kind of nonlinear energy remittance
CN110145567B (en) * 2019-04-24 2021-05-07 上海大学 Nonlinear energy sink
CN110657192A (en) * 2019-09-24 2020-01-07 涂建维 Vibration isolation device based on tuned mass damper

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130710

Termination date: 20141205