CN202999251U - Mushroom chamber drying device coupled with air source heat pump and solar energy heating - Google Patents

Mushroom chamber drying device coupled with air source heat pump and solar energy heating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202999251U
CN202999251U CN2012206509863U CN201220650986U CN202999251U CN 202999251 U CN202999251 U CN 202999251U CN 2012206509863 U CN2012206509863 U CN 2012206509863U CN 201220650986 U CN201220650986 U CN 201220650986U CN 202999251 U CN202999251 U CN 202999251U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat pump
solar
solar energy
heat
air source
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012206509863U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张忠斌
黄虎
汪庆
张敬坤
马浩天
倪瑜菲
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南京师范大学
泰州市南风冷链有限公司
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Application filed by 南京师范大学, 泰州市南风冷链有限公司 filed Critical 南京师范大学
Priority to CN2012206509863U priority Critical patent/CN202999251U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The utility model provides a mushroom chamber drying device coupled with an air heat source pump and solar energy heating, comprising a compressor, a heat pump condenser, an expansion valve, a heat pump evaporator, a fan, a solar energy heat exchanger and a solar energy heat collector. The compressor, the heat pump condenser, the expansion valve and the heat pump evaporator are connected in series by a refrigerant pipeline to form an air source heat pump system, the solar energy heat exchanger and the solar energy heat collector are connected in series by a hot water pipeline to form a solar heating system, the fan is arranged beside the solar energy heat exchanger, the solar energy heat exchanger, the heat pump condenser and the fan are arranged in a baking room, the solar energy heat exchanger and the heat pump condenser are in parallel, and the compressor, the expansion valve, the heat pump evaporator and the solar energy heat collector are arranged outside the baking room. The mushroom chamber drying device coupled with the air heat source pump and solar energy heating has the advantages of stable running, convenience in adjusting and control, small environment pollution and less energy consumption.

Description

The mushroom house drying device of a kind of air source heat pump and solar-heating coupling
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of drying device for mushroom house, is specifically related to the drying device of a kind of air source heat pump and solar-heating coupling, belongs to the Building Environment and Equipment Engineering technical field.
Background technology
Along with the research increasing of flavor substance, further using some new and high technologies and advanced production technology has become a kind of inevitable trend.Mushroom, one of China and foreign countries' famous dish batching commonly used can be rated as again the nutriment of ideals of human being, and has high medical value, occupies a seat important ground in the international market, has broad prospects, and brings great economic benefit and social benefit for people and society.Most mushroom agriculture specialists and production and processing unit, generally adopt conventional processing method to remove to process the mushroom finished product so far, heats at the technical general employing coal-burning installation of Baking out or simple electrothermal oven dry machine.
Chinese patent: baking box (publication number CN201878670U), this utility model disclose a kind of casing and have been provided with chimney, fire bars, fuel and add mouth, thermal insulating door thermally insulated door, slag and connect the baking box that bucket etc. installs.This utility model realizes toasting simultaneously the numerous food problem by improving traditional coal-fired heating box body device.A kind of heat exchange device of coal-fired oven (publication number CN201852497U) discloses a kind of take coal as main fuel, for the equipment that toasts or dry food.This device comprises the casing that combustion chamber and baking vessel form, and has greatly improved traditional heat exchange device of coal-fired oven structure by some dividing plates and through hole are set, and has reduced heat loss.But because above-mentioned two kinds of heaters all adopt coal-burning installation, this mode of heating not only heat utilization efficiency is low, and excessive for energy resource consumption, that air pollution is serious today, also exists certain limitation.
At present, the electrical heating drying technology also begins to be applied to part mushroom processing factory.This technology is greatly improved on energy resource consumption and environmental issue compared to traditional coal-burning installation; And because electricity drives, also occupy some superiority in regulation and control.But because production cost is high, profit is low, and this technology also is not suitable in a large amount of mushroom processing factory.
In the mushroom bake process, an important key is temperature and the humidity in controlling baking vessel well in addition.Because at present mostly that is that all right is ripe to the control technology of baking indoor temperature and humidity, make baking efficient also pessimistic.
Summary of the invention
For many deficiencies of existing mushroom house drying device, the utility model provides the mushroom house drying device of a kind of air source heat pump and solar-heating coupling.This device meets the use energy principle of " providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other ", can effectively improve the utilization ratio of the energy, improves the quality of dried mushrooms; The work running temperature of air source heat pump is subzero 10 to 40 degrees centigrade, is applicable to the overwhelming majority regional.In addition, this device also can effectively reduce the pollution to environment.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
The mushroom house drying device of a kind of air source heat pump and solar-heating coupling, comprise air source heat pump system and solar energy heat distribution system, described air source heat pump system is composed in series by refrigerant tubing successively by compressor, heat pump condenser, expansion valve and evaporator with heat pump; Described solar energy heat distribution system is composed in series by hot water pipeline by solar heat exchanger and solar thermal collector, the other blower fan that is provided with of solar heat exchanger; Described solar heat exchanger, heat pump condenser and blower fan are positioned at bakery, and solar heat exchanger and heat pump condenser are parallel to each other; Described compressor, expansion valve, evaporator with heat pump and solar thermal collector are positioned at outside bakery.
When the novel device of this experiment moves, be divided into two circulations: solar-heating circulation and air source heat pump circulation.By adopting closed bakery, when needing to get rid of inner air, absorption outside air except necessary situation, with the external world, mass exchange does not occur, room air cooling continuous circulation by be heated to dry mushroom by heat exchanger, the loss of heat is reduced to bottom line, not only stop energy waste, but also environmental contamination reduction.In addition, be provided with temperature sensor and humidity sensor in bakery, temperature sensor is connected with the controller of air source heat pump respectively with humidity sensor, can constantly monitor temperature and humidity in baking vessel, the accurately and fast control of realization to the bakery humiture, to improve the quality of mushroom drying, this is that traditional coal-burning bakery is beyond one's reach.
Compared to the prior art, the utlity model has following advantage:
(1) energy-conservation, total energy consumption reduces greatly, is conducive to the comprehensive utilization of the energy.Compare with coal heater, after adopting air source heat pump and solar energy auxiliary heat supplying, total energy consumption reduces, and is about original 1/6.
(2) alleviate pollution to environment.The utility model adopts air source heat pump and solar energy auxiliary heat supplying, reduces the discharging of the harmful substances such as oxysulfide, oxycarbide and dust, thereby realizes that air zero pollutes.
(3) regulation and control are convenient, can control accurately temperature and humidity, and the mushroom baking properties is improved.
(4) adopt the auxiliary method of solar energy, preferentially use solar energy hot water, insufficient section is replenished by heat pump, compares with the electrical heating heater with traditional air source heat pump, has saved greatly power consumption.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the utility model drying device.
In figure: the 1-compressor; The 2-heat pump condenser; The 3-expansion valve; The 4-evaporator with heat pump; The 5-blower fan; The 6-solar heat exchanger; The 7-solar thermal collector; The 8-bakery.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further details.
The mushroom house drying device of a kind of air source heat pump of the utility model and solar-heating coupling comprises compressor 1, heat pump condenser 2, expansion valve 3, evaporator with heat pump 4, blower fan 5, solar heat exchanger 6, solar thermal collector 7 and bakery 8.The compressor of telling 1, heat pump condenser 2, expansion valve 3 and evaporator with heat pump 4 are composed in series air source heat pump system by refrigerant tubing; Described solar heat exchanger 6 is composed in series solar energy heat distribution system with solar thermal collector 7 by hot water pipeline; Described solar heat exchanger 6 is parallel to each other with heat pump condenser 2.
When this when operation device: in the stronger situation of solar radiation, 7 pairs of cold water wherein of solar thermal collector directly heat by day, reach after certain temperature by hot water pipeline to be transported to solar heat exchanger 6 in bakery 8; Under blower fan 5 powerful air flow field effects, the interior force air heat exchange of hot water and bakery 8 reaches the purpose that adds hot-air; Cold water after heat exchange is transported in solar thermal collector 6 again; So move in circles, solar energy constantly is converted to the heat energy of water in a steady stream, and finally be converted into the interior energy of air, realize the drying to mushroom.In the weak situation of solar radiation, also can optionally close this loop.
At first the needed heat of dry mushroom is provided by solar energy heat distribution system, and not enough is provided by air source heat pump.Air source heat pump when operation: cold-producing medium wherein by compressor 1 compression after, become the gas of HTHP, enter subsequently in heat pump condenser 2 and the room air heat-shift; Condensed cold-producing medium is through expansion valve 3 throttling actions, the liquefaction of getting back to low-temp low-pressure; Cold-producing medium after throttling enters in evaporator with heat pump 4, the heat of vaporization of absorption chamber outer air, and finally the cold-producing medium of these gaseous states is got back in compressor 1, completes heat pump cycle.And so forth under the circulation, cold-producing medium constantly and with the room air heat-shift, be used for the heated baking mushroom.Air source heat pump is used for dry energy sources in two parts: the part heat that 1 compression produces from compressor, another part come the heat of the air that flash-pot 4 absorbs, so adopt air source heat pump high, the stable advantage that has Energy Efficiency Ratio.In addition, compare with traditional coal-burning bakery, produce hardly environmental pollution.
The closed bakery 8 of the novel employing of this experiment, when needing to get rid of inner air, absorption outside air except necessary situation, with the external world, mass exchange does not occur, room air cooling continuous circulation by be heated to dry mushroom by heat exchanger, the loss of heat is reduced to bottom line, not only stop energy waste, but also environmental contamination reduction.In addition, be provided with temperature sensor and humidity sensor in bakery 8, temperature sensor is connected with the controller of air source heat pump respectively with humidity sensor, can constantly monitor temperature and humidity in baking vessel, the accurately and fast control of realization to the bakery humiture, to improve the quality of mushroom drying, this is that traditional coal-burning bakery is beyond one's reach.

Claims (3)

1. the mushroom house drying device of an air source heat pump and solar-heating coupling, it is characterized in that, this device comprises air source heat pump system and solar energy heat distribution system, and described air source heat pump system is composed in series by refrigerant tubing successively by compressor (1), heat pump condenser (2), expansion valve (3) and evaporator with heat pump (4); Described solar energy heat distribution system is composed in series by hot water pipeline by solar heat exchanger (6) and solar thermal collector (7), the other blower fan (5) that is provided with of solar heat exchanger (6); Described solar heat exchanger (6), heat pump condenser (2) and blower fan (5) are positioned at bakery (8), and solar heat exchanger (6) is parallel to each other with heat pump condenser (2); Described compressor (1), expansion valve (3), evaporator with heat pump (4) and solar thermal collector (7) are positioned at outside bakery (8).
A kind of air source heat pump according to claim 1 and solar-heating the coupling the mushroom house drying device, it is characterized in that, described bakery also is provided with temperature sensor and humidity sensor in (8), and described temperature sensor is connected with the controller of air source heat pump system respectively with humidity sensor.
3. the mushroom house drying device of a kind of air source heat pump according to claim 1 and 2 and solar-heating coupling, is characterized in that, described bakery (8) is enclosed.
CN2012206509863U 2012-12-03 2012-12-03 Mushroom chamber drying device coupled with air source heat pump and solar energy heating CN202999251U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012206509863U CN202999251U (en) 2012-12-03 2012-12-03 Mushroom chamber drying device coupled with air source heat pump and solar energy heating

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012206509863U CN202999251U (en) 2012-12-03 2012-12-03 Mushroom chamber drying device coupled with air source heat pump and solar energy heating

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CN202999251U true CN202999251U (en) 2013-06-19

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103471354A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-25 邓州丰奇集团肥业有限公司 Multifunctional subsidiary agricultural product drying chamber
CN104013080A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-09-03 河南中联热科工业节能有限公司 Air heat pump type jujube dryer
CN104082397A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-10-08 南京师范大学 Energy recycling type edible mushroom drying device
CN105192859A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-12-30 廖子贵 Novel drying equipment for fruit and vegetable dewatering
CN105674625A (en) * 2016-03-20 2016-06-15 戴传孝 Heat pump system for heating while refrigerating
CN106595238A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-04-26 黄文庆 Solar energy and air energy drying device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103471354A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-25 邓州丰奇集团肥业有限公司 Multifunctional subsidiary agricultural product drying chamber
CN103471354B (en) * 2013-09-10 2015-02-25 邓州丰奇集团肥业有限公司 Multifunctional subsidiary agricultural product drying chamber
CN104013080A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-09-03 河南中联热科工业节能有限公司 Air heat pump type jujube dryer
CN104082397A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-10-08 南京师范大学 Energy recycling type edible mushroom drying device
CN105192859A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-12-30 廖子贵 Novel drying equipment for fruit and vegetable dewatering
CN105674625A (en) * 2016-03-20 2016-06-15 戴传孝 Heat pump system for heating while refrigerating
CN106595238A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-04-26 黄文庆 Solar energy and air energy drying device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130619

Termination date: 20151203

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model