CN202907467U - Top cutting machine for removing leaves of beet - Google Patents

Top cutting machine for removing leaves of beet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202907467U
CN202907467U CN 201220415126 CN201220415126U CN202907467U CN 202907467 U CN202907467 U CN 202907467U CN 201220415126 CN201220415126 CN 201220415126 CN 201220415126 U CN201220415126 U CN 201220415126U CN 202907467 U CN202907467 U CN 202907467U
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China
Prior art keywords
beet
disleaf
cutting machine
machine frame
engine
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220415126
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Chinese (zh)
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侯振华
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to crop harvest devices, and particularly relates to an agricultural device for removing stems and leaves of beet. A top cutting machine for removing leaves of beet comprises a two-layer integral framework type machine frame, wherein an engine, a speed changing box, a hydraulic cylinder, a protective baffle and a limit sleeve are installed on the upper layer of the machine frame, and support wheels for supporting are installed at the front end and the rear end of the machine frame. A support arm penetrates through the limiting sleeve on the machine frame to be connected with the support wheels, and the upper end of the support arm is connected with a lifting pressing plate; the hydraulic cylinders are installed on two sides of the machine frame, the upper ends of the hydraulic cylinders are connected with the lifting pressing plate, and the lower ends of the hydraulic cylinders are connected with the machine frame to achieve the lifting function. The engine is connected with an input shaft of the speed changing box and a rotating shaft installed on a lower machine frame through transmission of a belt, an output shaft of the speed changing box is downward to be connected with a height-adjustable front-arranged blade. The traction frame, a cross beam, a short shaft and the support wheels form a steering mechanism. The top cutting machine for removing leaves of beet adopts the machine frame of a framework structure, reduces requirements on tractors and planting line spacing by means of transmission of the independent engine and a front-arranged blade, improves efficiency and facilitates popularization and promotion.

Description

Beet disleaf top-cutting machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to crop harvesting equipment, particularly a kind of agricultural equipment of removing beet tops and blue or green head position that relates to.
Background technology
Beet is one of the raw material of mainly refining sugar, and at the northern area of China establishing in large scale, seasonality is stronger during results.At present traditional harvesting approach is main or take artificial results as main, labour intensity is large, and cost is high, difficult management, and quality does not guarantee.Present existing beet cutter is take import equipment as main, mainly contain two kinds, a kind of is large-scale association type sugarbeet harvester, can finish synchronously cutting, digging, the entrucking work of beet, be fit to the large tracts of land operations such as farm, be not suitable for the operation of vast middle smallholder's patch, this reaping machine is expensive, broken and loss is larger during results, be unfavorable for improving per unit area yield and later stage preservation, be unfavorable for penetration and promotion; Another is small-sized threshing machine, only finishes disleaf and cuts top work.The supporting power of small-sized threshing machine is also larger, be medium-sized or later on kind of drive driving of large sized tractor, this tractor volume is larger, wider being only suitable for of wheelspan worked in the large ground of line-spacing, the beet that is pressed onto easily the wheel next door when the work of the field of little line-spacing causes fragmentation, peasant household can't accept, and the most of area of beet is planted by the smallholder at present, with tractor with small four wheels sowing or manual dibbling, line-spacing is narrower, it is also improper straight to broadcast row, so small-sized threshing machine can't operation in much, adaptive surface is narrower, this machine is suspended on the tractor back and utilizes tractor transmission power simultaneously, and volume is little, and outwards effective area and the orientation angle of output waste material passage are little during work, efficient is not high, the in addition little raising that also limits efficient of its general power, power-equipment maximizes can bring dwindling of adaptive surface again, is unfavorable for promoting.So need to improve for above problem.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model be to provide a kind of simple in structure, widely applicable, efficient is high, cutting quality is high, easy penetration and promotion can once finish the agricultural equipment that the multirow beet is cut top disleaf function.
In order to reach the technical scheme that the purpose of this utility model takes be: a kind of beet disleaf top-cutting machine, it comprises frame and rack-mounted gearbox, engine, hydraulic jack, support wheel, stop collar, rotating shaft, guard system, also comprise transmission mechanism, transmission mechanism, preposition blade, elevating mechanism, steering mechanism forms.
Above-mentioned beet disleaf top-cutting machine mid frame is connected with lower bearing bracket by vertical frames, links together with upper spider and the frame of the two-layer general frame type that consists of again.Hydraulic jack, gearbox, engine, be installed on the upper plane of upper spider successively, the support wheel to its support is installed in the both sides, front-end and back-end of upper spider, be furnished with two rotating shafts on the lower plane of lower bearing bracket, described rotating shaft is along the flexible adhesive tape of axle center circumference.
Guard system is by the top protective cover plate and the front protective baffle plate that links to each other with the upper spider rear and front end and rear protecting baffle plate that cover on the upper spider in the above-mentioned beet disleaf top-cutting machine, and the baffle plate that links to each other with upper spider of the preposition blade left and right sides consists of jointly, and the discarded object the when guard system of setting can prevent machine run, material and the elastic caoutchouc adhesive tape that comes off, blade etc. splash out and damage.
Frame in the above-mentioned beet disleaf top-cutting machine adopts the frame of general frame type to increase the conveying mouth effective area, in the time of can guaranteeing equipment operation from front and back and downward three directions and both sides output waste material, greatly alleviate the live load of rotating shaft, and improved cutting quality and efficient.
Engine is installed in upper spider top and rotating shaft and reduction box by the belt transmissioning mode transmission in the above-mentioned beet disleaf top-cutting machine, the axle of the preposition blade of height is connected gearbox with regulating up and down by output shaft, driving preposition blade rotates in the horizontal direction, thereby the wear-resisting sharp most of disleaf work that replaced of blade, for subsequent handling has alleviated load, improved except leaf quality and efficient, reduced power consumption, broken away from the power transmission relation with tractor, simplify the structure, can adopt the output of larger power and not be subjected to the restriction of tractor size, improved operating efficiency, break away from the restriction of tractor wheelspan and Planting Row Distance, increased the scope of application.
Preposition in the above-mentioned beet disleaf top-cutting machine, be rotating blade in the utility model, but be not limited in rotating blade, also shear-blade or fixed blade.
The wheel shaft of the support wheel in the above-mentioned beet disleaf top-cutting machine is connected with the support arm lower end in the stop collar that passes upper spider two ends tubular type downward vertically, the front end support arm can slide up and down and rotate in stop collar, and the rear end support arm can slide up and down but not produce and rotatablely move.
Hydraulic jack one end is vertically connected on the upper spider in the above-mentioned beet disleaf top-cutting machine, the other end is vertical and the lifting pressing plate is hinged, driving the lifting pressing plate by the action of hydraulic jack synchronization telescope moves up and down, the lifting pressing plate acts on again the lifting that support arm is realized support wheel, thereby drives the purpose that the frame lifting realizes adjusting the road clearance.
Steering mechanism in the above-mentioned beet disleaf top-cutting machine is by four minor axises and two " order word " shape structure formations that crossbeam is articulated and connected and is recumbency, wherein the wheel shaft of two front supports wheels and be positioned at both sides level minor axis forward in the middle part of be fixedly connected with, the other two ends of this two minor axis are articulated and connected by two crossbeams, be distributed between two crossbeams after aliging in other two minor axises and front and back parallel with outermost two minor axises and be articulated and connected with crossbeam, form four axle center that can rotate in the horizontal direction by the hinged axle center of four minor axises and crossbeam and the support arm axle center of two front-wheels, parallel freely parallel steer of movable many connecting rods of common formation, at middle two minor axises cover two sliding sleeves are arranged, sliding sleeve can endwisely slip at minor axis, sliding sleeve upper end is connected with vertically upward a vertical shaft, this vertical shaft and hitch frame are hinged, making sliding sleeve do to horizontally rotate along hinged axle center moves, realize turning to and advancing and retreat of front-wheel, by tractor-drawn.
The utility model beet disleaf top-cutting machine is by reasonable in design, simple in structure after improving, and efficient improves, and has reduced the requirement to tractor, powerful, wide accommodation, the beet cutting quality is reliable, be convenient to preservation, reduced the results cost, be suitable for spread and popularize.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the front view in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view in the utility model;
Among the figure: 1 is hitch frame, and 2 is front protective baffle plate, 3 minor axises, and 4 is support wheel, 5 is hydraulic jack, and 6 is vertical frames, and 7 is the V-belt, and 8 is the second rotating shaft, 9 is the rear protecting baffle plate, and 10 is the top protective cover plate, and 11 is support arm, and 12 is the first engine, 13 is the second engine, and 14 is gearbox, and 15 are the lifting pressing plate, and 16 is stop collar, 17 is upper spider, and 18 is preposition blade, and 19 is lower bearing bracket, and 20 is elastic adhesive tape, 21 is the first rotating shaft, and 22 is crossbeam, and 23 is sliding sleeve.
Embodiment
The explanation of embodiment of the present utility model being carried out below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Upper spider 17 and lower bearing bracket 19 and the vertical frames 6 common frames that consist of the frame-type of two-layer integral body keep the uncovered of maximum area around the vertical frames, make things convenient for waste material to discharge, and reach the purpose that reduces power consumption and raise the efficiency.
Hydraulic jack 5, gearbox 14, the first engine 12, the second engine 13, top protective cover plate 10 are installed in upper spider 17 tops successively, and stop collar 16, front protective baffle plate 2, rear protecting baffle plate 9 are vertically mounted on horizontal frames 17 belows successively.
The first rotating shaft 21, the second rotating shaft 8 are installed in the below of lower bearing bracket 19 successively, along circumference elastic adhesive tape 20, play the effect of removing beet tops and blue or green head on the rotating shaft.
The wheel shaft of support wheel 4 be enclosed within the stop collar 16 interior support arms that can slide up and down and rotate 11 lower ends and be fixedly connected with, support arm 11 upper ends and lifting pressing plate 15 are articulated and connected simultaneously, the hinged rear common formation in lifting pressing plate 15 two ends and hydraulic jack 5 upper ends is to the support of frame, and the expanding-contracting action by hydraulic jack 5 plays the effect that elevator platform is regulated the road clearance.
Preposition gearbox 14 is connected by pin by output shaft and preposition blade 18, a plurality of pin-and-holes are arranged on output shaft and the blade shaft, come the adjustable blade ground clearance by the adjustment pin hole site, blade is done and is horizontally rotated motion, this part blade will keep sharp, and most disleaf work is all by finishing here, and it has improved efficient, reduce power consumption, improved the cutting quality of rear operation.
Minor axis 3 is fixedly connected with the front-wheel wheel shaft of support wheel 4, by crossbeam 22 front end of two minor axises 3 is articulated and connected, the axle center of the support arm 11 of two front-wheels of hinged axle center and support wheel 4 forms four axle center that can rotate in the horizontal direction, tetragonal steering mechanism of common formation, realize turning to of front-wheel, be connected by articulated manner between crossbeam 22 and the hitch frame 1, hitch frame 1 can be up and down, by tractor-drawn.
The first engine 12 drives gearbox 14 and 21 work of the first rotating shaft by belt transmission, and the second engine 13 also drives 8 work of the second rotating shaft by belt transmission.
Adopt said structure, the engine of separate configurations can provide large power, increases work efficiency, and cancellation reduces the requirement to the beet line-spacing to the requirement of tractor, improves greatly the scope of application, is convenient to promote; Adopt preposition blade can alleviate the pressure of subsequent handling, reduce power consumption, raise the efficiency; Adopt bilevel frame-type frame can increase effective area and direction that waste material is discharged, reduce the wearing and tearing of elastic adhesive tape, reduce resistance, raise the efficiency and cutting quality; Adopting this steering mechanism and elevating mechanism can realize turning to flexibly with the road clearance adjusts; This device structure is simple, and is very practical, has fabulous market popularization value.

Claims (8)

1. be used for removing the cauline leaf of beet or other similar crop, the beet disleaf top-cutting machine of greenth and similar plant part, it comprises by vertical frames (6) with after lower bearing bracket (19) docks, the frame of the two-layer frame-type that links together with upper spider (17) again and consist of, it is characterized in that vertical frames (6) taked unscreened uncovered structure, also bag is picked up rack-mounted gearbox (14), hydraulic jack (5), the first engine (12) second engines (13), support arm (11), guard system, steering mechanism, elevating mechanism, transmission mechanism, preposition blade (18), also comprise the support wheel (4) that is installed in upper spider (17) rear and front end, and be installed in the first rotating shaft (21) and second rotating shaft (8) of lower bearing bracket (19) bottom.
2. beet disleaf top-cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the output shaft of described gearbox (14) is connected by pin with the hollow shaft sleeve of preposition blade (18) together, and at axle a plurality of pin-and-holes are arranged, can regulate the ground clearance of preposition blade, it is rotating blade in this example, but be not limited to the blade of rotation, the also motionless or blade sheared also can be without gearbox.
3. beet disleaf top-cutting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described guard system is made of rear and front end and the top that front protective baffle plate (2), top protective cover plate (10), rear protecting baffle plate (9) cover upper spider (17).
4. beet disleaf top-cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the wheel shaft of described support wheel (4) is connected with being enclosed within can slide up and down with the support arm that is connected (11) lower end in the stop collar (16), but two support arms of rear end only slide up and down, and do not produce to rotatablely move.
According to claim 1 with 4 described beet disleaf top-cutting machines, it is characterized in that: described elevating mechanism is articulated and connected with lifting pressing plate (15) by support arm (11) upper end, lifting pressing plate (15) two ends and hydraulic jack (5) upper end are hinged, and the lower end of hydraulic jack (5) is connected to upper spider (17).
6. beet disleaf top-cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described steering mechanism is made of two crossbeams (22) of four minor axises (3) " order word " shape structure that is recumbency that is articulated and connected, wherein the wheel shaft of two front supports wheel (4) be positioned at both sides level minor axis (3) forward in the middle part of be fixedly connected with, the other two ends of this two minor axis (3) are articulated and connected by two crossbeams (22), be distributed between two crossbeams (22) after aliging in other two minor axises (3) and front and back parallel with outermost two minor axises and be articulated and connected with crossbeam (22), form four axle center that can rotate in the horizontal direction by four minor axises (3) and the hinged axle center of crossbeam (22) and support arm (11) axle center of two front-wheels, parallel freely parallel steer of movable many connecting rods of common formation, at middle two minor axises (3) cover two sliding sleeves (23) are arranged, sliding sleeve (23) can be done in minor axis (3) and endwisely slip, sliding sleeve (23) upper end is connected with vertically upward a vertical shaft, this vertical shaft and hitch frame (1) are hinged, make sliding sleeve (23) do to horizontally rotate along hinged axle center and move, realize turning to and advancing and retreat of front-wheel.
7. beet disleaf top-cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described transmission mechanism drives the belt pulley transmission by the first engine (12) and the second engine (13) by belt, wherein the first engine (12) drives power shaft and the first rotating shaft (21) rotation of gearbox (14), the second engine (13) drives the second rotating shaft (8) and rotates, the switched in opposite of two engines or identically all can.
8. according to claim 1 to one of 7 described beet disleaf top-cutting machines, work being characterised in that: described front end is depended on a side of nearly hitch frame, refers to forward the direction consistent with travel direction.
CN 201220415126 2012-08-21 2012-08-21 Top cutting machine for removing leaves of beet Expired - Fee Related CN202907467U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220415126 CN202907467U (en) 2012-08-21 2012-08-21 Top cutting machine for removing leaves of beet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220415126 CN202907467U (en) 2012-08-21 2012-08-21 Top cutting machine for removing leaves of beet

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202907467U true CN202907467U (en) 2013-05-01

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CN 201220415126 Expired - Fee Related CN202907467U (en) 2012-08-21 2012-08-21 Top cutting machine for removing leaves of beet

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR3020552A1 (en) * 2014-05-05 2015-11-06 Guy Pogu ANIMAL TRACTION RATING DEVICE
CN107615969A (en) * 2016-07-17 2018-01-23 西北农林科技大学 A kind of small-sized single file sweet potato cuts seedling machine
CN109845473A (en) * 2019-02-20 2019-06-07 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of cabbage head joint leaf-cutting mechanism
CN111149511A (en) * 2020-02-23 2020-05-15 柳州市孚桂智能科技有限公司 Sugarcane field management machine
CN111264163A (en) * 2020-03-06 2020-06-12 青岛农业大学 Leaf-beating and top-cutting machine for root crops

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR3020552A1 (en) * 2014-05-05 2015-11-06 Guy Pogu ANIMAL TRACTION RATING DEVICE
CN107615969A (en) * 2016-07-17 2018-01-23 西北农林科技大学 A kind of small-sized single file sweet potato cuts seedling machine
CN109845473A (en) * 2019-02-20 2019-06-07 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of cabbage head joint leaf-cutting mechanism
CN111149511A (en) * 2020-02-23 2020-05-15 柳州市孚桂智能科技有限公司 Sugarcane field management machine
CN111264163A (en) * 2020-03-06 2020-06-12 青岛农业大学 Leaf-beating and top-cutting machine for root crops

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130501

Termination date: 20130821