CN202822986U - Solid-liquid separation and settlement device - Google Patents

Solid-liquid separation and settlement device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202822986U
CN202822986U CN 201220541582 CN201220541582U CN202822986U CN 202822986 U CN202822986 U CN 202822986U CN 201220541582 CN201220541582 CN 201220541582 CN 201220541582 U CN201220541582 U CN 201220541582U CN 202822986 U CN202822986 U CN 202822986U
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sedimentation
tower
solid
separation
liquid
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220541582
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Chinese (zh)
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罗立贤
陈长泉
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a solid-liquid separation and settlement device comprising a settlement tower which is arranged on a support and is vertical to the horizontal plane, and a spiral-type squeezing device which is arranged at an outlet end below the settlement tower. The solid-liquid separation and settlement device is characterized in that an installation platform is fixed at an inlet end at the upper part of the settlement tower; a vibrating-type filter screen device is arranged on the installation platform; at least one liquid drainage opening is formed on the tower wall of the settlement tower; an auxiliary settlement device is arranged in a tower body, close to the outlet end, below the settlement tower; the auxiliary settlement device forms rotational connection with the tower box by virtue of a rotation pair; and the outlet end of the settlement tower is connected with the spiral-type squeezing device via a connecting elbow. The solid-liquid separation and settlement device disclosed by the utility model is simple in structure, small in occupied space, low in manufacturing cost and good in separation effect.

Description

The Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device, being fit to multi-field solid-liquid two is separated, separate fast such as the dredging work solid-liquid that is used for harbour, navigation channel, lake, or be used for coal washing, wet dressing process ore in sand form and tail washings solid-liquid material flow point from, or be used for dehydration and the mummification of sewage disposal system mud, or be used for Separation of Solid and Liquid of the engineerings such as oil drilling and subway, high ferro, tunnel etc., be particularly suitable in the water conservancy dredging, mud being carried out quick Separation of Solid and Liquid.
Background technology
Because the mud that strand sucks out in the water conservancy dredging contains foreign matter, comprises stone, brick bits, branch etc., directly these silts is injected the operating efficiency that the Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device can lower the Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device.Serious meeting affects the service life of Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device.In the process of mud natural subsidence, its bottom might be higher because of solid constituent in addition, thereby mobile variation caking is trapped in the sedimentation tower.
The patent No. is 200910132896.8, patent name discloses a kind of structure in the Chinese patent of " combined type solid-liquid separation device ", comprise the mud inlet valve, frame, the eccentric vibrating residue machine, the storing settling banker, vertical screw type conveyer, Reducing screw squeezes crusher and control system, arrange on the described storing precipitation bulkhead and clear liquid valve and row's suspension valve, clear the liquid valve and be positioned at row's suspension valve top, described frame is positioned at storing settling banker side, the eccentric vibrating residue machine is mounted obliquely within on the frame, the mud inlet valve is communicated with the eccentric vibrating residue machine, the eccentric vibrating residue machine is communicated with the storing settling banker, vertical screw type conveyer is positioned at storing settling banker central authorities, the discharge end of vertical screw type conveyer is facing to storing settling banker bottom, Reducing screw squeezes crusher and laterally is inclined in storing settling banker below, and communicates with storing settling banker bottom.The above-mentioned background technology is provided with the eccentric vibrating residue machine, in fact, but strand is inhaled and is come to contain certain impurity in the pending mud amount and few, the said mechanism complex structure, take up room large, manufacturing cost is high, the local of some steric requirements restriction even be difficult to install, so said mechanism does not have economical and practical value.It is provided with vertical screw type conveyer in storing settling banker central authorities, but in practical operation, the capacity of storing settling banker is generally about 10 cubic metres, even larger, in such storing settling banker center of inside vertical screw type conveyer is set, installing rack need to be set at storing settling banker top the drive unit of vertical screw type conveyer be used for to be installed, simultaneously to the material of this installing rack own mechanical strength also have higher requirements, overall structure is reasonable not.In the storing settling banker, vertical screw type conveyer is set, has occupied the space of quite a few, greatly affected the natural subsidence of compound in the storehouse, cause final separating effect bad.The rotating mechanism of this vertical screw type conveyer is immersed in the mud in addition, and corrosion and wearing and tearing have increased manufacturing cost and energy resource consumption easily.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model be overcome deficiency of the prior art and provide a kind of simple in structure, take up an area that the space is little, the Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device of low cost of manufacture, good separating effect.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the above technical problem is: this Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device, comprise and be arranged on sedimentation tower vertical with horizontal plane on the support, and the spiral crowded press for extracting juice device that is arranged on the sedimentation tower below port of export, it is characterized in that: described sedimentation tower top arrival end is fixed with mounting platform, be provided with the vibrating type filtering screen device on the mounting platform, at least be provided with a leakage fluid dram on the tower wall of sedimentation tower, the sedimentation tower below is provided with auxiliary sedimentation device near in the tower body of the port of export, auxiliary sedimentation device forms with revolute pair and tower body and is rotationally connected, and the sedimentation tower port of export is connected with spiral crowded press for extracting juice device by bridge piece.The utility model directly above sedimentation tower arrival end the vibrating type filtering screen device directly is set, thereby rather than be arranged on and be suspended on sedimentation tower top on the frame, reduced the occupation of land space, reduced manufacturing cost.The sedimentation tower below is provided with auxiliary sedimentation device near in the tower body of the port of export, and this auxiliary sedimentation device preferred levels is arranged in the sedimentation tower tower body, and the pivot center of auxiliary sedimentation device is preferably also vertical with the sedimentation tower axes intersect.Auxiliary sedimentation device can manually also can be motor-driven, need not also to need not additionally to build erection unit at the built-in mechanical transmission mechanism of sedimentation tower, reduced manufacturing cost, reduced the occupation of land space.
Vibrating type filtering screen device involving vibrations motor described in the utility model, spring and screen cloth, mounting platform is arranged on the top of sedimentation tower, mounting platform one side is provided with projection, screen cloth is whole to be obliquely installed with horizontal plane, the screen cloth low side is arranged on the mounting platform by hinge, screen cloth is high-end to be arranged on the projection by hinge and spring, and spring is between hinge and projection, and vibrating motor is arranged on the high-end of screen cloth.The utility model passes to screen cloth by vibrating motor with the vibration force that itself produces, and make screen cloth produce vibration by spring, be arranged on the mounting platform owing to one of screen cloth simultaneously, the other end is arranged on the projection, utilize projection height so that screen cloth itself tilt and to have a certain degree so that the foreign material that are mingled in the mud are filtered out centralized collection.The mesh size of screen cloth can be selected and disposes according to the concrete condition of mud.The installation site of vibrating motor is optional to be installed in the high-end of screen cloth, but is not limited to this, as long as vibration force can be passed to screen cloth in theory.
Auxiliary sedimentation device described in the utility model comprises turning cylinder, sealed at both ends being arranged on the sedimentation Tata wall and with the formation of sedimentation Tata wall of turning cylinder is rotatably assorted, at least be provided with the poking bar of a bending on the turning cylinder, the internal diameter size coupling of the size of poking bar bending and installation place sedimentation tower is to guarantee that poking bar can freely rotate.The utility model adopts rod shape structure to assist sedimentation, and institute takes up space little, does not affect the sedimentation of mud itself.The quantity of poking bar, and bending shape can be according to the design of the actual state of compound to be separated.Auxiliary sedimentation device of the present utility model preferably adopts the manual rotation poking bar, when the mud amount of processing is larger, in the time of manually can't rotating, can dispose corresponding motor driving device and rotate poking bar.
The angle of screen cloth described in the utility model and horizontal plane is 20~45 degree.Be obliquely installed the foreign material that screen cloth is conducive to be filtered out and automatically tumble centralized collection, when slanted angle is 20~45 the bests when spending.
Screen cloth described in the utility model is high-end to be respectively arranged with protective baffle plate near one side of projection and the both sides adjacent with this limit.Screen cloth of the present utility model three limits are provided with protective baffle plate, the whole dustpan shape that forms.Can prevent that by protective baffle plate mud from flashing, be conducive to improve operating environment, improve the service life of equipment.
Sedimentation tower described in the utility model is divided into two sections at least, connects by flange seal between adjacent two sections sedimentation towers.It is cylindric that sedimentation tower is preferably the top employing, and the bottom is up big and down small circular cone shape.Can connect by flange seal between the two.Consider the convenience of installing and transporting, also can with the cylindric multistage that is divided into of part on the sedimentation tower, connect by flange seal between adjacent two sections.
Be provided with reinforcement on the sedimentation tower outer wall described in the utility model.Because the sedimentation tower volume is larger, when its inside was full of mud, its tower wall need to bear very large pressure, therefore needed to increase wall thickness to satisfy the requirement of mechanical strength.But the increase wall thickness can increase manufacturing cost and also increase difficulty of processing simultaneously, therefore consider on sedimentation Tata wall and flange connections arranges several reinforcements, namely satisfy the requirement of sedimentation tower mechanical strength, reasonably reduced again manufacturing cost, reduced processing and transport difficulty.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages: the utility model is simple and reasonable, vibration filtering screen device and auxiliary sedimentation device have been carried out structure optimization, both reduced by a relatively large margin the manufacturing cost of solid-liquid sedimentation separation tower, reduce equipment and taken up an area the space, simultaneously so that Separation of Solid and Liquid is thorough fast, be particularly suitable for water conservancy dredging, waterway dredging, building pile foundation construction, be conducive to marketing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the utility model plan structure schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1~Fig. 2, the utility model comprises support 1, sedimentation tower 2, vibration filtering screen device 3, auxiliary sedimentation device 4 and spiral crowded press for extracting juice device 5.Sedimentation tower 2 is installed on the support 1 vertical with horizontal plane.Sedimentation tower 2 the first half 21 are cylindric in the present embodiment, and circular cylinder shaped portion is divided into two sections, is tightly connected by flange 61 between the two.Sedimentation tower 2 bottoms 22 are up big and down small circular cone shape, are tightly connected by flange 62 between bottom 22 and the first half 21.Sedimentation tower 2 tower walls and flange connections are distributed with a plurality of reinforcements 7 in the present embodiment.Also be provided with leakage fluid dram 23 on the tower wall of sedimentation tower 2, leakage fluid dram 23 is at least one, is arranged on the correct position of sedimentation tower 2 tower walls according to the concrete condition of the size of sedimentation tower and mud, is used for discharging through being positioned at the liquid on upper strata after the natural subsidence.As required, a leakage fluid dram 23 ' can also be set again, further classification discharge opeing, namely leakage fluid dram 23 is used for discharging through being positioned at the clear liquid of the superiors after the natural subsidence, and leakage fluid dram 23 ' is used for discharging through being positioned at the suspension in middle level after the natural subsidence.
The both sides of sedimentation tower 2 top arrival ends 24 are fixed with mounting platform 31, and vibration filtering screen device 3 is installed on the mounting platform 31, filter screen device 3 involving vibrations motors 32, spring 33, screen cloth 34 and protective baffle plate 35.Be provided with projection 36 on the mounting platform 31 of one side.Screen cloth 34 integral inclination settings, its low side is arranged on the mounting platform 31 by hinge 37, high-endly is arranged on the projection 36 by hinge 37 ', and is provided with spring 33 between projection 36 and this hinge 37 '.Screen cloth 34 is preferably 20~45 degree with the slanted angle α of horizontal plane.It is high-end that vibrating motor 32 is arranged on screen cloth 34.One side of screen cloth 32 high-end close projections and the both sides adjacent with this limit are respectively arranged with protective baffle plate 35.Be provided with protective fence 38 around the mounting platform 31, be provided with ladder stand 39 on sedimentation tower 2 bodies of the tower.
Sedimentation tower 2 belows are near being provided with auxiliary sedimentation device 4 in the tower body of the port of export 25.Auxiliary sedimentation device 4 comprises turning cylinder 41 and poking bar 42, turning cylinder 41 sealed at both ends being arranged on the sedimentation tower 2 tower walls and with sedimentation Tata wall are rotatably assorted, at least be provided with the poking bar 42 of a bending on the turning cylinder 41, the tower diameter size coupling of bending size, shape and its installation place sedimentation tower of poking bar 42.Poking bar 42 is one in the present embodiment, is bent into rectangle, is welded on the turning cylinder 41.Poking bar 42 can also can be other shapes for a plurality of, as long as projection is fixed on the turning cylinder 41, the effect of playing stirring during rotation is just passable.The auxiliary sedimentation device 4 general manual actuation that adopt when mud amount is very large, when manual actuation is had any problem, can also be provided with drive motors, and drive motors is connected with turning cylinder, will manually become motor-driven.
The sedimentation tower 2 below ports of export 25 are connected with spiral crowded press for extracting juice device 5 by bend pipe 8.Spiral crowded press for extracting juice device 5 comprises reducing housing 51, is provided with flight 52 in the housing 51, and flight 52 is connected with variable speed electric motors, particularly 53.Spiral crowded press for extracting juice device 5 two ends are respectively arranged with leakage fluid dram 55 and the solid mouth 54 of row, spiral crowded press for extracting juice device 5 is inclined on the horizontal plane, so that row is higher than leakage fluid dram 55 for solid mouthful 54, is beneficial to squeeze the liquid of squeezing out and relies on gravity to discharge from the leakage fluid dram 55 of device bottom.Spiral crowded press for extracting juice device 5 is prior art, does not repeat them here.
During use, will need the mud of dredging place to beat on vibration filtering screen device 3 by slush pump, vibration filtering screen device 3 filters out the foreign material in the mud, and mud enters sedimentation tower 2, enters debris barrel A after foreign material tumble by vibration and collects.Mud natural subsidence in sedimentation tower 2 after the some time, forms clear liquid on the top of sedimentation tower 2, forms suspension at the middle part of sedimentation tower 2, forms the more mud of solids content in sedimentation tower 2 bottoms.Clear liquid is discharged by leakage fluid dram 23, and suspension can be discharged by leakage fluid dram 23 ', if leakage fluid dram 23 is not set, then suspension is discharged by leakage fluid dram 23 ' with clear liquid.Auxiliary sedimentation device 4 stirs mud, in order to avoid mud is piled up in sedimentation tower 2 bottoms by manual or motor-driven driving.Spiral squeezes and presses device 5 by constantly crowded press for extracting juice of diameter progressive screw, so that the liquid in the mud is discharged by leakage fluid dram 55, collects by collecting vessel B.Solid is discharged for solid mouthful 54 by row, collects by collecting vessel C, so far finishes the preliminary Separation of Solid and Liquid of mud.During actual the use, a plurality of Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device combinations can be recycled, the perfusion work of a Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device after in previous Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device natural subsidence, carrying out, successively circulation, treat that all Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation devices all pour into when finishing, begin to start successively from first Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device and carry out work, rationally plan as a whole the time, improve service efficiency.
Above content described in this specification only is to the explanation of the utility model structure example.The utility model person of ordinary skill in the field can make various modifications or replenishes or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment; only otherwise depart from structure of the present utility model or surmount this scope as defined in the claims, all should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device, comprise and be arranged on sedimentation tower vertical with horizontal plane on the support, and the spiral crowded press for extracting juice device that is arranged on the sedimentation tower below port of export, it is characterized in that: described sedimentation tower top arrival end is fixed with mounting platform, be provided with the vibrating type filtering screen device on the mounting platform, at least be provided with a leakage fluid dram on the tower wall of sedimentation tower, the sedimentation tower below is provided with auxiliary sedimentation device near in the tower body of the port of export, auxiliary sedimentation device and tower body are rotationally connected, and the sedimentation tower port of export is connected with spiral crowded press for extracting juice device by bridge piece.
2. Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vibrating type filtering screen device involving vibrations motor, spring and screen cloth, mounting platform is arranged on the top of sedimentation tower, mounting platform one side is provided with projection, screen cloth is whole to be obliquely installed with horizontal plane, and the screen cloth low side is arranged on the mounting platform by hinge, and screen cloth is high-end to be arranged on the projection by hinge and spring, spring is between hinge and projection, and vibrating motor is arranged on the high-end of screen cloth.
3. Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described auxiliary sedimentation device comprises turning cylinder, sealed at both ends being arranged on the sedimentation Tata wall and with the formation of sedimentation Tata wall of turning cylinder is rotatably assorted, and is provided with at least the poking bar of a bending on the turning cylinder.
4. Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the angle of described screen cloth and horizontal plane is 20~45 degree.
5. Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation device according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described screen cloth is high-end to be respectively arranged with protective baffle plate near one side of projection and the both sides adjacent with this limit.
6. according to claim 1,2 or 3 arbitrary described Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation devices, it is characterized in that: described sedimentation tower is divided into two sections at least, connects by flange seal between adjacent two sections sedimentation towers.
7. according to claim 1,2 or 3 arbitrary described Separation of Solid and Liquid sedimentation devices, it is characterized in that: be provided with reinforcement on the described sedimentation tower outer wall.
CN 201220541582 2012-10-19 2012-10-19 Solid-liquid separation and settlement device Expired - Fee Related CN202822986U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220541582 CN202822986U (en) 2012-10-19 2012-10-19 Solid-liquid separation and settlement device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220541582 CN202822986U (en) 2012-10-19 2012-10-19 Solid-liquid separation and settlement device

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CN202822986U true CN202822986U (en) 2013-03-27

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105983271A (en) * 2015-03-02 2016-10-05 天华化工机械及自动化研究设计院有限公司 Settling separation equipment for ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene hexane
CN107715547A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-23 无锡德沃精工设备有限公司 A kind of superfinishing oil filter plant of good filtration effect

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105983271A (en) * 2015-03-02 2016-10-05 天华化工机械及自动化研究设计院有限公司 Settling separation equipment for ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene hexane
CN105983271B (en) * 2015-03-02 2018-02-13 天华化工机械及自动化研究设计院有限公司 A kind of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene hexane sedimentation separation equipment
CN107715547A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-23 无锡德沃精工设备有限公司 A kind of superfinishing oil filter plant of good filtration effect

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130327

Termination date: 20141019

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model