CN202806335U - Engine suspension cushion, engine suspension system, and automobile - Google Patents

Engine suspension cushion, engine suspension system, and automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202806335U
CN202806335U CN 201220123479 CN201220123479U CN202806335U CN 202806335 U CN202806335 U CN 202806335U CN 201220123479 CN201220123479 CN 201220123479 CN 201220123479 U CN201220123479 U CN 201220123479U CN 202806335 U CN202806335 U CN 202806335U
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China
Prior art keywords
metallic
rubber bodies
engine
rubber
engine suspension
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CN 201220123479
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾长超
刘顺奇
杨亘荣
周新华
刘福萍
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Beiqi Foton Motor Co Ltd
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Beiqi Foton Motor Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 201220123479 priority Critical patent/CN202806335U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an engine suspension cushion. The suspension cushion comprises an upper metal body (1), a lower metal body (2), and an upper rubber body (3) connected between the upper metal body and the lower metal body. The suspension cushion also comprises a lower rubber body (4) which is separated from the upper rubber body and is connected between the upper metal body and the lower metal body. The utility model also provides a corresponding engine suspension system and an automobile. In the above-mentioned structure, the upper rubber body arranged in a V-shaped manner mainly provides horizontal rigidity along length and width directions of an automobile body, the lower rubber body mainly provides vertical rigidity, and the upper rubber body is separated from the lower rubber body, so that the problem of failure of an engine suspension system of an automobile because of rubber tear caused by excessive load of a suspension cushion is solved. The suspension cushion is characterized by simple structure, reliability and commonality and can take the place of conventional suspension cushions.

Description

Engine suspension soft pad and suspension system thereof and automobile
Technical field
The utility model relates to auto parts and components, particularly, relates to a kind of suspension members for Engine Mounting System.
Background technology
Engine Mounting System is the elastic connecting system between mean engine and vehicle frame or the vehicle body, comprises automotive engine and suspension members.The Main Function of this system is to reduce engine vibration to the transmission of vehicle body, suppresses the vibration displacement amplitude of driving engine.The design of Engine Mounting System not only has influence on road-holding property, ride comfort and the travelling comfort of automobile, also has a strong impact on the life-span of auto parts and components.Therefore, how to improve the vibration isolation ability of Engine Mounting System, and the service life of improving suspension members itself, the key that Engine Mounting System designs become.
Driving engine is supported on the vehicle frame by suspension members, and suspension members elastic element normally, the two has consisted of vibrating system.Engine cylinder number, engine position mode, power drive system pattern and the requirement of car load anti-vibration performance all have very large impact to the design of Engine Mounting System.In addition, arrange in this Engine Mounting System suspension members suspension point number and distribute and also polytype can be arranged, for example 3,4,5 and 6 mounting structures.The number of suspension point is generally according to the decisions such as size (particularly length dimension), weight, purposes and mounting means of engine mission assembly.
Regardless of the number of suspension point, these suspension point mainly in the front and back that are distributed in driving engine to be connected on the vehicle frame.For heavy goods vehicles and full-sized car, 4 mounting structures are the most general suspension structure of engine.And 5 mounting structures refer to add supplemental support at change-speed box on the basis of 4 mounting structures.
For commercial vehicle/comm..vehicle, power system weight is larger, and the vehicle applying working condition is abominable, and is very high to the fatigue performance requirement of Engine Mounting System, and the Engine Mounting System of medium and heavy commercial style car is general to adopt 5 modes of suspending to arrange.Front of the engine arranges two suspension point, by two suspension members front of the engine is connected on the vehicle frame, and these two suspension members mutually are in the shape of the letter V and are arranged symmetrically with; The driving engine rear end arranges two suspension point, by two suspension members the driving engine rear end is connected on the vehicle frame, and these two suspension members vertically are arranged symmetrically with; The change speed gear box place also arranges a suspension point, by a suspension members change speed gear box is carried out supplemental support.This arrangement can improve the damping effect of Engine Mounting System well.
For suspension members, usually adopt suspending cushion, this cushion can play the effect of connection and buffering vibration.Cushion comprises that mostly rubber pad cushions, but because the load of bearing is larger, the situation that rubber is torn usually occurs, and causes suspension system to lose efficacy.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of engine suspension soft pad, and this engine suspension soft pad comprises upper rubber bodies and the lower rubber bodies that is separated from each other.
To achieve these goals, the utility model provides a kind of engine suspension soft pad, this suspending cushion comprise metallic object, lower metallic object and be connected to described upper metallic object and lower metallic object between upper rubber bodies, wherein, this suspending cushion also comprises lower rubber bodies, this time rubber bodies and described upper rubber bodies are separated, and are connected between described upper metallic object and the lower metallic object.
Preferably, described upper metallic object comprises two side central planes that are in the shape of the letter V, described lower metallic object comprises two respectively towards the hang plate of these two side central planes, described upper rubber bodies is connected between the corresponding described side central plane and hang plate, described upper metallic object also comprises upper bottom surface and bottom surface, it is trapezoidal cylindrical shell that this upper bottom surface and bottom surface and described two side central planes surround the vertical section, and the trapezoidal of described vertical section is isosceles trapezoid.
Preferably, described upper rubber bodies comprises that two are in the shape of the letter V and the rubber block of apart arrangement mutually, and these two rubber blocks are connected between two corresponding described side central planes and hang plate.
Preferably, described two side central planes are parallel to respectively described two hang plates.
Preferably, described lower metallic object also comprises the base plate relative with described bottom surface, and described hang plate is connected on this base plate obliquely, and described lower rubber bodies is connected between described bottom surface and the base plate.
Preferably, described lower metallic object also comprises stay bearing plate, and this stay bearing plate is perpendicular to described base plate and connect inclined side and the described base plate of described hang plate.
Preferably, described stay bearing plate is 4 that are separated from each other.
Preferably, has sheetmetal in described upper rubber bodies and/or the lower rubber bodies.
Another purpose of the present utility model provides a kind of Engine Mounting System, and this Engine Mounting System comprises the engine suspension soft pad that the utility model provides.
The utility model also has a purpose to provide a kind of automobile, and this automobile comprises the Engine Mounting System that the utility model provides.
By technique scheme, the engine suspension soft pad that the utility model provides comprises upper rubber bodies and the lower rubber bodies that is separated from each other.In said structure, the upper rubber bodies that arranges of being in the shape of the letter V mainly provide level along the rigidity on bodywork length and the Width, lower rubber bodies mainly provides the rigidity on the vertical direction, upward rubber bodies and lower rubber bodies are separated from each other, thereby avoided suspending cushion rubber when bearing load is excessive to occur tearing, thereby caused the Engine Mounting System of automobile to lose efficacy.This suspending cushion simple in structure, good reliability, and commonality is good, is convenient to replace existing suspending cushion.
Other feature and advantage of the present utility model will partly be described in detail in the specific embodiment subsequently.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is to be used to provide further understanding of the present utility model, and consists of the part of specification sheets, is used from explanation the utility model with the following specific embodiment one, but does not consist of restriction of the present utility model.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the front view according to preferred implementation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the transparent view according to preferred implementation of the present utility model.
Description of reference numerals
Metallic object 11 side central planes on 1
12 upper bottom surfaces, 13 bottom surfaces
2 times metallic objects of 14 first tapped bore
21 hang plates, 22 bottom surfaces
23 second tapped bore, 24 stay bearing plates
4 times rubber bodies of rubber bodies on 3
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated.Should be understood that the specific embodiment described herein only is used for description and interpretation the utility model, is not limited to the utility model.
In the utility model, do not doing in the situation of opposite explanation, the noun of locality that uses typically refers to the up and down direction shown in the front view such as " upper and lower, left and right ", " forward and backward " usually with on the front view of Fig. 1 perpendicular to the outside direction of paper as before, and perpendicular to the inside direction of paper as after, " inboard, the outside " be take towards the centre portion of each parts as inboard, take towards the marginal portion of each parts as the outside.
The utility model provides a kind of engine suspension soft pad, this suspending cushion comprise metallic object 1, lower metallic object 2 and be connected to described upper metallic object 1 and lower metallic object 2 between upper rubber bodies 3, wherein, this suspending cushion also comprises lower rubber bodies 4, this time rubber bodies 4 is separated with described upper rubber bodies 3, and is connected between described upper metallic object 1 and the lower metallic object 2.
Engine suspension soft pad of the present utility model adopts the mode that the rubber bodies structure is set between upper metallic object 1 and lower metallic object 2 to come vibration is cushioned, this rubber bodies structure comprises upper rubber bodies 3 and the lower rubber bodies 4 that is separated from each other, and this goes up rubber bodies 3 and lower rubber bodies 4 all is arranged between metallic object 1 and the lower metallic object 2.
By increasing this time rubber bodies 4, not only improved the ability of this engine suspension soft pad buffering vibration, and this time rubber bodies 4 is separated from each other with upper rubber bodies 3, so meeting fracture when effectively having avoided rubber bodies to withstand shocks, thereby increased the validity of parts, prolonged the life-span of engine suspension soft pad.
In the use procedure of engine suspension soft pad of the present utility model, usually be installed between driving engine and the vehicle frame by direction shown in the front view, upper metallic object 1 is connected with the support of driving engine, and lower metallic object 2 is connected with the support of vehicle frame, as shown in Figure 1.Go up like this rubber bodies 3 setting that preferably is in the shape of the letter V in the present embodiment, thus buffering along the vibration on bodywork length and the Width, lower rubber bodies 4 on even keels are arranged between metallic object 1 and the lower metallic object 2, with the vibration on the buffering bodywork height direction.And upper rubber bodies 3 and lower rubber bodies 4 are separated from each other, and when this engine suspension soft pad bears vibratory impulse on the different directions simultaneously, can prevent the rubber fracture.
By technique scheme, the engine suspension soft pad that the utility model provides comprises upper rubber bodies and the lower rubber bodies that is separated from each other.In said structure, upper rubber bodies mainly provide level along the rigidity on bodywork length and the Width, lower rubber bodies mainly provides the rigidity on the vertical direction, upward rubber bodies and lower rubber bodies are separated from each other, thereby avoided suspending cushion rubber when bearing load is excessive to occur tearing, thereby caused the Engine Mounting System of automobile to lose efficacy.This suspending cushion simple in structure, good reliability, and commonality is good, is convenient to replace existing suspending cushion.
Preferably, described upper metallic object 1 comprises two side central planes 11 that are in the shape of the letter V, and described lower metallic object 2 comprises two respectively towards the hang plate 21 of these two side central planes 11, and described upper rubber bodies 3 is connected between the corresponding described side central plane 11 and hang plate 21.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, upper metallic object 1 comprises two side central planes 11, these two side central planes 11 are in the shape of the letter V, lower metallic object 2 comprises two hang plates 21, these two hang plates 21 are respectively towards two side central planes 11, that is to say that two hang plates 21 are relative with two side central planes 11 respectively, upper rubber bodies 3 is connected between corresponding the side central plane 11 and hang plate 21.Preferably, these two side central planes 11 are in the shape of the letter V and left-right symmetric, and two hang plates 21 also are preferably left-right symmetric, like this so that more even to the buffering of vibration.Certainly, according to the needs of practical application, side central plane 11 and hang plate 21 can be set to asymmetric V font.And, preferably, be connected by sulfuration between rubber bodies 3 and upper metal sheet 1 and the lower metal sheet 2 on this.
Preferably, described upper rubber bodies 3 comprises that two are in the shape of the letter V and the rubber block of apart arrangement mutually, and these two rubber blocks are connected between two corresponding described side central planes 11 and hang plate 21.
Because upper rubber bodies 3 is arranged between two corresponding side central planes 11 and hang plate 21, therefore, rubber bodies 3 is preferably two this on, and these two upper rubber bodies 3 also are in the shape of the letter V mutually and layout discretely.But engine suspension soft pad of the present utility model is not limited to this, needs according to practical application, upward rubber bodies 3 also can be for a plurality of, two groups relatively the upper rubber bodies 3 between side central plane 11 and the hang plate 21 can quantity equally be arranged symmetrically with, also can quantity unequal and/or arrange asymmetrically.For buffering vibration better and more equably, rubber bodies 3 is preferably and is separately positioned on symmetrically between two corresponding side central planes 11 and hang plate 21 on this.
Preferably, described two side central planes 11 are parallel to respectively described two hang plates 21.
In this preferred implementation, two side central planes 11 are parallel to respectively two hang plates 21.Like this, corresponding side central plane 11 and size uniform and the regular shape of the upper rubber bodies 3 between the hang plate 21, thereby so that the distribution of vibratory impulse is more even, thereby play better damping effect.More preferably, the distance between two groups of side central planes 11 and two hang plates 21 equates, that is to say that two groups of side central planes 11 and hang plate 21 are symmetrical.
Preferably, described upper metallic object 1 also comprises upper bottom surface 12 and bottom surface 13, and it is trapezoidal cylindrical shell that this upper bottom surface 12 and bottom surface 13 and described two side central planes 11 surround the vertical section.
In actual applications, upper metallic object 1 is connected with the support of driving engine, therefore except the side central plane 11 of upper metallic object 1, in this preferred implementation, upper metallic object 1 also comprises upper bottom surface 12 and bottom surface 13, and it is trapezoidal cylindrical shell that this upper bottom surface 12, bottom surface 13 and two side central planes 11 surround the vertical section.Wherein, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, upper bottom surface 12 is positioned at the top of bottom surface 13.This cylindrical shell not only can play the effect of support, and upper bottom surface 12 can also be used for the support of connecting engine.
Preferably, has the first tapped bore 14 on the described upper bottom surface 12.More preferably, described the first tapped bore 14 is a plurality of and the left and right symmetrically setting.
In this preferred implementation, have a plurality of the first tapped bore 14 on this upper bottom surface 12, the support of upper bottom surface 12 with driving engine can be linked together by attaching parts and just cooperating of this first tapped bore 14 like this, also just engine suspension soft pad is connected on the support of driving engine.
Preferably, the trapezoidal of described vertical section is isosceles trapezoid.
The vertical section that is a kind of embodiment of engine suspension soft pad of the present utility model shown in Figure 1, this vertical section is longitudinally intercepting on left and right directions, the cross section of the cylindrical shell that this upper bottom surface 12, bottom surface 13 and two side central planes 11 surround is isosceles trapezoid, wherein upper bottom surface 12 in the length of this middle section, vertical section line greater than the length of bottom surface 13 at this middle section, vertical section line.
Preferably, described lower metallic object 2 also comprises the base plate 22 relative with described bottom surface 13, and described hang plate 21 is connected on this base plate 22 obliquely, and described lower rubber bodies 4 is connected between described bottom surface 13 and the base plate 22.
In actual applications, lower metallic object 2 is connected with the support of vehicle frame, therefore this time metallic object 2 also comprises base plate 22, this base plate 22 is corresponding with the bottom surface 13 of upper metallic object 1, lower rubber bodies 4 just is connected between this bottom surface 13 and the base plate 22, and side central plane 11 is connected on this base plate 22 with being in the shape of the letter V.And more preferably, this base plate 22 also arranges abreast with bottom surface 13, and hang plate 21 is connected on the base plate 22 symmetrically.
Preferably, described base plate 22 has the second tapped bore 23 in the outside with described hang plate 21 junctions.More preferably, described the second tapped bore 23 is a plurality of and the left and right symmetrically setting.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, two hang plates 21 are connected on the base plate 22 with being in the shape of the letter V, and the base plate 22 between two junctions of two hang plates 21 and base plate 22 is corresponding with bottom surface 13, and lower rubber bodies 4 is arranged between this part and the bottom surface 13.In preferred implementation as shown in the figure, be connected by attaching parts between the support of base plate 22 and vehicle frame, therefore, dismounting for the ease of attaching parts, base plate 22 has the second tapped bore 23 in the outside of junction, namely in the hang plate 21 in left side and the left side of the junction of base plate 22, and be respectively arranged with the second tapped bore 23 on the right side of the hang plate 21 on right side and the junction of base plate 22.And this second tapped bore is a plurality of, and the left and right symmetrically setting.
Preferably, described lower metallic object 2 also comprises stay bearing plate 24, and this stay bearing plate 24 is perpendicular to described base plate 22 and connect inclined side and the described base plate 22 of described hang plate 21.
As shown in Figure 2, this stay bearing plate 24 connects inclined side and the base plate 22 of hang plate 21, and this stay bearing plate 24 is perpendicular to base plate 22, to play the effect of supplemental support hang plate 21.In embodiment shown in Figure 2, this stay bearing plate 24 forms triangle, and this hypotenuse is connected with the inclined side of hang plate 21, and a square edge is connected with the limit of base plate 22.
Preferably, described stay bearing plate 24 is 4 that are separated from each other.Two relative stay bearing plates 24 of the front and back of base plate 22 have surrounded a cavity with base plate 22 and corresponding hang plate like this, thereby in engine suspension soft pad of the present utility model, play a supporting role, and the second tapped bore 23 just is formed on the interior base plate 22 of this cavity.
Preferably, has sheetmetal in described upper rubber bodies 3 and/or the lower rubber bodies 4.In upper rubber bodies 3 and/or lower rubber bodies 4, add the intensity that sheetmetal can improve the rubber bodies structure, increase service life.
The utility model also provides a kind of Engine Mounting System, and wherein, this Engine Mounting System comprises engine suspension soft pad described in the utility model.
The utility model also provides a kind of automobile, and wherein, this automobile comprises Engine Mounting System described in the utility model.
Below describe by reference to the accompanying drawings preferred implementation of the present utility model in detail; but; the utility model is not limited to the detail in the above-mentioned embodiment; in technical conceive scope of the present utility model; can carry out multiple simple variant to the technical solution of the utility model, these simple variant all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.
Need to prove in addition, each concrete technical characterictic described in the above-mentioned specific embodiment in reconcilable situation, can make up by any suitable mode, for fear of unnecessary repetition, the utility model is to the no longer separately explanation of various possible array modes.
In addition, also can carry out combination in any between the various embodiment of the present utility model, as long as it is without prejudice to thought of the present utility model, it should be considered as content disclosed in the utility model equally.

Claims (10)

1. engine suspension soft pad, this suspending cushion comprise metallic object (1), lower metallic object (2) and be connected to described upper metallic object (1) and lower metallic object (2) between upper rubber bodies (3), it is characterized in that, this suspending cushion also comprises lower rubber bodies (4), this time rubber bodies (4) is separated with described upper rubber bodies (3), and is connected between described upper metallic object (1) and the lower metallic object (2).
2. engine suspension soft pad according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described upper metallic object (1) comprises two side central planes (11) that are in the shape of the letter V, described lower metallic object (2) comprises two respectively towards the hang plate (21) of these two side central planes (11), described upper rubber bodies (3) is connected between the corresponding described side central plane (11) and hang plate (21), described upper metallic object (1) also comprises upper bottom surface (12) and bottom surface (13), it is trapezoidal cylindrical shell that this upper bottom surface (12) and bottom surface (13) and described two side central planes (11) surround the vertical section, and the trapezoidal of described vertical section is isosceles trapezoid.
3. engine suspension soft pad according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described upper rubber bodies (3) comprises that two are in the shape of the letter V and the rubber block of apart arrangement mutually, and these two rubber blocks are connected between two corresponding described side central planes (11) and hang plate (21).
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described engine suspension soft pads, it is characterized in that described two side central planes (11) are parallel to respectively described two hang plates (21).
5. engine suspension soft pad according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described lower metallic object (2) also comprises the base plate (22) relative with described bottom surface (13), described hang plate (21) is connected on this base plate (22) obliquely, and described lower rubber bodies (4) is connected between described bottom surface (13) and the base plate (22).
6. engine suspension soft pad according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described lower metallic object (2) also comprises stay bearing plate (24), and this stay bearing plate (24) is perpendicular to described base plate (22) and connect inclined side and the described base plate (22) of described hang plate (21).
7. engine suspension soft pad according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described stay bearing plate (24) is 4 that are separated from each other.
8. engine suspension soft pad according to claim 1 is characterized in that, has sheetmetal in described upper rubber bodies (3) and/or the lower rubber bodies (4).
9. an Engine Mounting System is characterized in that, this Engine Mounting System comprises the described engine suspension soft pad of the claims 1-8.
10. an automobile is characterized in that, this automobile comprises the claims 9 described Engine Mounting Systems.
CN 201220123479 2012-03-28 2012-03-28 Engine suspension cushion, engine suspension system, and automobile Active CN202806335U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220123479 CN202806335U (en) 2012-03-28 2012-03-28 Engine suspension cushion, engine suspension system, and automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220123479 CN202806335U (en) 2012-03-28 2012-03-28 Engine suspension cushion, engine suspension system, and automobile

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202806335U true CN202806335U (en) 2013-03-20

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CN 201220123479 Active CN202806335U (en) 2012-03-28 2012-03-28 Engine suspension cushion, engine suspension system, and automobile

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106166943A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-30 安徽中鼎减震橡胶技术有限公司 A kind of suspended rubber mat with clamping plate
CN106556513A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-04-05 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Suspending cushion experimental stand

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106166943A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-30 安徽中鼎减震橡胶技术有限公司 A kind of suspended rubber mat with clamping plate
CN106556513A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-04-05 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Suspending cushion experimental stand
CN106556513B (en) * 2016-11-25 2018-09-11 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Suspending cushion experimental stand

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