CN202735854U - Closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker - Google Patents

Closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202735854U
CN202735854U CN 201220301271 CN201220301271U CN202735854U CN 202735854 U CN202735854 U CN 202735854U CN 201220301271 CN201220301271 CN 201220301271 CN 201220301271 U CN201220301271 U CN 201220301271U CN 202735854 U CN202735854 U CN 202735854U
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China
Prior art keywords
solar
closed loop
steel wire
loop
tracker
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CN 201220301271
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘小稚
王子延
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Shanghai Energy Technology Co., Ltd.
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王子延
刘小稚
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Priority to CN 201220301271 priority Critical patent/CN202735854U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of solar battery components, in particular to a closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker. The closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker is characterized in that rotating shafts and driving arms of the rotating shafts are arranged at the longitudinal central lines of a plurality of single-axis solar battery panel trackers, and a drivable closed-loop connection is formed by using connection of hinge points at the ends of the driving arms through flexible connection. The closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker has the advantages that array solar battery panels can be uniformly tracked; and the whole device has the characteristics of simple structure, reliability in working and low manufacturing, use and maintenance costs and can be used in places with obvious settlement effects.

Description

A kind of closed loop coordinated type single-axis solar cell panel tracker
Technical field
The utility model relates to the solar module technical field, is specifically related to a kind of closed loop coordinated type single-axis solar cell panel tracker.
Background technology
The use case of the tracker of the one dimension of single solar panel or bidimensional control has a large amount of reports.Present tracker is separate unit control mostly.The shortcoming of such scheme is that power generation system structure is complicated, and cost of manufacture and operating cost are high.
Adopt the patent of the many covers of cover control system control solar cell board supporting structure that report is also arranged.The drive unit of each solar panel position angle adjustment is connected by metal rod.But exist member and web member quantity is many, can't reach the purpose of the solar panel of arranged in arrays in the cover drive system control large tracts of land.
Adopt wirerope to drive the existing application case of enforcement that many cover solar panels position angle is adjusted.But its complex structure is had relatively high expectations to parts precision and the assembly precision of single unit system.Improved accordingly that system makes in earlier stage and later period maintenance high in cost of production shortcoming.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is according to above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art part, a kind of closed loop coordinated type single-axis solar cell panel tracker is provided, this device is connected into a closed-loop system by the single-axis solar cell panel tracker flexibility with some arrays, and by motor-driven, make the single-axis solar cell panel tracker of some arrays can be along with the variation automatic rotating angle of altitude of the sun.
Realization of the present utility model is finished by following technical scheme:
A kind of closed loop coordinated type single-axis solar cell panel tracker, comprise some array solar cells assemblies, each described solar components is comprised of solar panel and backboard, it is characterized in that: the position of the longitudinal centre line of each described backboard is installed with turning axle, at least one end at described turning axle is fixedly installed actuating arm, the normal orientation conllinear of described actuating arm and described solar panel, one end of described actuating arm is upper link point, the other end is lower link point, upper on each described solar panel, lower link point respectively successively with the adjacent solar battery plate on upper, consist of a closed loop by flexibly connecting between the lower link point, and be connected with the loop Power Drive Unit on the described closed loop loop.
Described flexible the connection for steel wire cable connects, described loop Power Drive Unit connects and the described steel wire cable of driving control.
Described flexible the connection is the steel wire cable connection, described loop Power Drive Unit connects at least one driving shaft of driving and realizes coaxial rotation, utilize simultaneously this coaxial rotation, connect successively the driving shaft that drives on the adjacent described solar cell backboard by the described steel wire cable in the described closed loop.
Described flexible the connection is the steel wire cable connection.
Described loop Power Drive Unit is motor driven systems.
The utility model has the advantages that: realize the unified operation that the pair array solar panel is followed the tracks of; Package unit has simple in structure, and reliable operation is made and the low characteristics of use and maintenance cost; Can comparatively significantly use in the area in sedimentation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is single solar panel tracker structure figure in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural drawing of turning axle in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural drawing that steel wire cable links closely in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structural drawing of motor driven systems in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the connection diagram of extension spring and wire rope tightener in the utility model;
Fig. 7 is wire rope connected mode two in the utility model.
Embodiment
The utility model feature and other correlated characteristic are described in further detail by embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, so that technician's of the same trade understanding:
Shown in Fig. 1-7, mark 1-33 is respectively among the figure: wire rope 1, solar panel 2, solar cell backboard 3, turning axle 4, support 5, support 6, bearing seat 7, bearing seat 8, front column 9, rear column 10, front foundation pier 11, rear foundation pier 12, actuating arm 13, upper hinge seat 14, lower hinge seat 15, steel wire cable links closely 16, lower steel wire cable links closely 17, upper hinge bearing pin 18, lower hinge pin 19, groove 20, stud bolt 21, stud bolt 22, worm screw 23, worm gear 24, rotary drum 25, steel wire clamp 26, main control motor 27, solar module 28, solar module 29, solar module 30, runner 31, extension spring 32, wire rope tightener 33.
Embodiment one: as shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment is comprised of solar panel 2 and solar cell backboard 3 solar module.Be fixedly installed turning axle 4 on solar cell backboard 3 longitudinal center's line positions.Turning axle 4 is fixed on the solar cell backboard 3 by support 5 and support 6.The two ends of turning axle 4 are assemblied in respectively 8 li of bearing seat 7 and bearing seats.Turning axle 4 drives solar panel 2 and can rotate around the center line of bearing seat 7 and bearing seat 8, and namely solar panel 2 can change its incident angle around above-mentioned center line.
Bearing seat 7 and bearing seat 8 are separately fixed on front column 9 and the rear column 10.In this enforcement, the height of the height≤rear column 10 of front column 9.According to the condition of the annual per day total solar radiation amount maximum in China different regions, and satisfy dust sleet landing requirement, can calculate the luffing angle of optimal solar energy cell panel 2, and realize the adjustment of luffing angle by front column 9 and the height of rear column 10.Front column 9 is separately fixed at front foundation pier 11 with above the rear foundation pier 12 with rear column 10, and front foundation pier 11 and rear foundation pier 12 are supported on the ground.
As shown in Figure 2, turning axle 4 top fixed drive arms 13.The normal orientation conllinear of actuating arm 13 and solar panel 2.Top, actuating arm 13 two ends has processed respectively upper hinge seat 14 and lower hinge seat 15.Upper steel wire cable links closely and 16 links closely with lower steel wire cable and 17 to form with lower hinge pin 19 and link by being inserted into upper hinge bearing pin 18 in the hinge seat respectively, and can rotate in the bearing pin internal freedom.
As shown in Figure 3, steel wire cable links closely 16, steel wire cable links closely, and 17 tops have groove 20, and wire rope 1 is locked on steel wire cable links closely by two U-shaped stud bolts 21 and 22.
As shown in Figure 4, wire rope 1 is driven by main control motor 27.Main control motor 22 drives a worm screw 23 and rotates, and worm screw 23 drives worm gear 24 by meshing relation.Rotary drum 25 and 24 coaxial connections of worm gear.Wire rope 1 is flat around multiturn at rotary drum 25.The wire rope 1 of a circle adopts steel wire clamp 26 to be fixed on the rotary drum 25 wherein.
Adopt the clock type sun tracing method in the present embodiment, its control method is the incident angle that timing method changes solar panel 2.According to the local sun aerial movement angle in sky of every day, provide solar panel inclination angle-time curve by track algorithm, and calculate rotational angle corresponding to solar battery plate with this.Calculate again the rotational angle of actuating arm 13 correspondences and the displacement of wire rope 1.Thereby turning to and angular displacement of the main control motor 27 of definite drive worm screw 23.
Some solar modules consist of solar cell module array according to equidistant linear array.Steel cable 1 connects tens and even tens of solar modules simultaneously in the mode that closed loop connects.The closed loop of wire rope 1 links as shown in Figure 5: wire rope 1 links closely through the upper steel wire cable of rotary drum 25 to First solar module 28 actuating arms, upper steel wire cable to the actuating arm of second solar module 29 links closely again, and the actuating arm that is delivered to successively again n platform solar module 30 must be gone up steel wire cable and link closely.Through wire rope gyroscope wheel 31, lower steel wire cable to the actuating arm of n platform solar module 30 links closely, lower steel wire cable to second solar module 29 actuating arm links closely again, link closely finally by the lower steel wire cable of crossing First solar module 28 actuating arms, get back to rotary drum 25, namely form a closed loop link.The translation of wire rope drives actuating arm and rotates, and the rotational angle of regulating turning axle 4 changes to 120 ° from 0 ° to 90 °.
As shown in Figure 6, between each solar cell panel assembly and the wire rope 1 between solar cell module array and the rotary drum 25 certain span length is arranged.For the solar panel 2 that guarantees to connect can synchronization action.Between rotary drum 25 and solar module, and connected between solar module and the assembly extension spring 32 and wire rope tightener 33.
Embodiment two: compare embodiment one, the difference of the present embodiment is: the closed loop on-link mode (OLM) of wire rope 1 adopts scheme as shown in Figure 7.In the present embodiment, saved rotary drum 25 and wire rope gyroscope wheel 31, be about to worm gear 24 that main control motor 27 drives directly with First solar module 28 on 4 coaxial connections of turning axle.Connect second solar module by wire rope 1 again, until n platform solar module.But the present embodiment is applicable to the array that only is comprised of several solar modules.

Claims (5)

1. closed loop coordinated type single-axis solar cell panel tracker, comprise some array solar cells assemblies, each described solar components is comprised of solar panel and backboard, it is characterized in that: the position of the longitudinal centre line of each described backboard is installed with turning axle, at least one end at described turning axle is fixedly installed actuating arm, the normal orientation conllinear of described actuating arm and described solar panel, one end of described actuating arm is upper link point, the other end is lower link point, upper on each described solar panel, lower link point respectively successively with the adjacent solar battery plate on upper, consist of a closed loop by flexibly connecting between the lower link point, and be connected with the loop Power Drive Unit on the described closed loop loop.
2. a kind of closed loop coordinated type single-axis solar cell panel tracker according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described flexible the connection for steel wire cable connects, described loop Power Drive Unit connects also to drive controls described steel wire cable.
3. a kind of closed loop coordinated type single-axis solar cell panel tracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described flexible the connection is the steel wire cable connection, described loop Power Drive Unit connects at least one driving shaft of driving and realizes coaxial rotation, utilize simultaneously this coaxial rotation, connect successively the driving shaft that drives on the adjacent described solar cell backboard by the described steel wire cable in the described closed loop.
4. a kind of closed loop coordinated type single-axis solar cell panel tracker according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described flexible the connection is the steel wire cable connection.
5. a kind of closed loop coordinated type single-axis solar cell panel tracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described loop Power Drive Unit is motor driven systems.
CN 201220301271 2012-06-26 2012-06-26 Closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker Active CN202735854U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220301271 CN202735854U (en) 2012-06-26 2012-06-26 Closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220301271 CN202735854U (en) 2012-06-26 2012-06-26 Closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202735854U true CN202735854U (en) 2013-02-13

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102736637A (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-10-17 王子延 Closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker
CN104242800A (en) * 2014-09-22 2014-12-24 浙江国利英核能源有限公司 Flexible photovoltaic support
CN104901612A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-09 浙江国利英核能源有限公司 Snow accumulation-preventing tracking type photovoltaic support
CN105471371A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-04-06 浙江国利英核能源有限公司 Buckle

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102736637A (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-10-17 王子延 Closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker
CN102736637B (en) * 2012-06-26 2015-09-23 王子延 A kind of closed-loop linkage type single-axis solar battery panel tracker
CN104242800A (en) * 2014-09-22 2014-12-24 浙江国利英核能源有限公司 Flexible photovoltaic support
CN104901612A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-09 浙江国利英核能源有限公司 Snow accumulation-preventing tracking type photovoltaic support
CN105471371A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-04-06 浙江国利英核能源有限公司 Buckle

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: ASL AUTOMOBILE SCIENCE + TECHNOLOGY (SHANGHAI) CO.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: WANG ZIYAN

Effective date: 20140227

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: LIU XIAOZHI

Effective date: 20140227

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 200127 PUDONG NEW AREA, SHANGHAI TO: 200433 YANGPU, SHANGHAI

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20140227

Address after: 200433 Yangpu District University, Shanghai Road, room 243, No. 1102

Patentee after: Asia Dragon Automotive Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.

Address before: 200127 Pudong New Area Dongfang Road, lane, room 9, No. 602, room 1663

Patentee before: Wang Ziyan

Patentee before: Liu Xiaozhi

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190723

Address after: 200433 Yangpu District University, Shanghai Road, room 243, No. 1102

Patentee after: Shanghai Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 200433 Yangpu District University, Shanghai Road, room 243, No. 1102

Patentee before: Asia Dragon Automotive Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.