CN202718673U - Visual physical simulation device for bottom-water reservoirs - Google Patents

Visual physical simulation device for bottom-water reservoirs Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202718673U
CN202718673U CN 201220268562 CN201220268562U CN202718673U CN 202718673 U CN202718673 U CN 202718673U CN 201220268562 CN201220268562 CN 201220268562 CN 201220268562 U CN201220268562 U CN 201220268562U CN 202718673 U CN202718673 U CN 202718673U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
accommodating cavity
water reservoir
physical simulating
gland
simulating device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220268562
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程林松
赵伦
刘佳
范子菲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China University of Petroleum Beijing CUPB
China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China University of Petroleum Beijing CUPB
China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co Ltd
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Filing date
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Application filed by China University of Petroleum Beijing CUPB, China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co Ltd filed Critical China University of Petroleum Beijing CUPB
Priority to CN 201220268562 priority Critical patent/CN202718673U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202718673U publication Critical patent/CN202718673U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a visual physical simulation device for bottom-water reservoirs, which comprises a body and a gland, wherein the gland is arranged on the top of the body, a containing cavity is formed in the body, and a piston is arranged on the lower part of the gland; a plurality of air-bleed holes which are conducted to the containing cavity are formed in the gland; a visual window is arranged on one side wall of the body, and a plurality of hole-shaped function measuring points are arranged on other side walls of the body or on the gland and are in control conduction with the containing cavity; granular porous media are filled in the containing cavity, and the piston is pressed on the granular porous media; a plurality of pipe columns which are used for simulating a wellbore are arranged in the granular porous media in the containing cavity; a diversion groove is formed on the bottom surface in the containing cavity; and a water injection hole which is conducted with the diversion groove is formed on the bottom surface of the body. Physical simulation experiments can be performed on the bottom-water reservoirs with different dip angles and different sizes of water by the visual physical simulation device, and the bottom-water reservoirs in different development modes can be simulated, thereby researching an oil-water percolation mechanism in the bottom-water reservoirs and evaluating the effects of the bottom-water reservoirs in the different development modes.

Description

The visual physical simulating device that is used for bottom water reservoir
Technical field
The utility model is about a kind of experimental facilities for the research of oil-water two-phase flow rule, relates in particular to a kind of bottom water reservoir high pressure visable physical simulating device for the joint development of many wells type.
Background technology
The three-dimensional oil reservoir physical simulation techniques can reflect the underground fluid characteristics of motion and extensive use in petroleum industry more really, at present both at home and abroad more for the physical simulation experiment of bottom water reservoir exploitation, but existing two-dimentional experimental facilities reckons without the similitude with the oil field; Existing three-dimensional experimental device reckons without observes the bottom water coning rule, and can not the experiments of measuring device internal flow characteristics of motion.
Thus, the inventor relies on experience and the practice of being engaged in for many years relevant industries, proposes a kind of visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir, to overcome the defective of prior art.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir, to simulate the bottom water reservoir under the exploitation of different well patterns and different well type, by the clear observation profit migration rule of this device energy, oil-water seepage mechanism in the research bottom water reservoir is carried out the different development scheme effect assessments of bottom water reservoir simultaneously.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that a kind of visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir, and this physical simulating device is made of a cube container; This cube container comprises that a body and is arranged at the gland of bodies top, is provided with accommodating cavity in the body, and the gland bottom is provided with the piston identical with the accommodating cavity opening shape; Described gland is provided with a plurality of air vents, and described air vent runs through piston and accommodating cavity conducting; One sidewall of described body is provided with visual window, and other sidewall of body or gland are provided with a plurality of poroid functional measurement points, described functional measurement point and accommodating cavity control conducting; Be full of particulate porous medium in the described accommodating cavity, described piston stretches in the accommodating cavity by the accommodating cavity opening part and is installed with on particulate porous medium; Be provided with a plurality of tubing strings for simulation wellbore hole in the particulate porous medium in the described accommodating cavity; Described accommodating cavity inner bottom surface is provided with guiding gutter, and the bottom surface of cube container is provided with the water injection hole with the guiding gutter conducting.
In a preferred embodiments of the present utility model, described guiding gutter is many ring-shaped grooves.
In a preferred embodiments of the present utility model, described accommodating cavity inner bottom surface is provided with a steel plate, and described guiding gutter is arranged on the upper surface of steel plate, and described steel plate is provided with the open-work with guiding gutter and water injection hole conducting.
In a preferred embodiments of the present utility model, described form is made of tempered glass.
In a preferred embodiments of the present utility model, described particulate porous medium is quartz sand or bead.
In a preferred embodiments of the present utility model, described cube container is arranged on the three-dimensional rotation device.
In a preferred embodiments of the present utility model, described water injection hole is linked in sequence in a switch valve, a liquid flow instrument and one first displacement pump by body.
In a preferred embodiments of the present utility model, a simulation wellbore hole connects functional measurement point, and is linked in sequence in a switch valve and the second displacement pump by body.
In a preferred embodiments of the present utility model, a device for pressure measurement is connected in functional measurement point; One saturation measuring device is connected in another functional measurement point; Described device for pressure measurement is connected with computer with saturation measuring device.
In a preferred embodiments of the present utility model, another simulation wellbore hole is connected in another functional measurement point, and is linked in sequence in another switch valve, a back-pressure valve, an oil-water metering device by body.
From the above mentioned, the utility model is used for the visual physical simulating device of bottom water reservoir, can carry out physical simulation experiment to the bottom water reservoir of Different Strata inclination angle, different big or small water bodys, simulate the bottom water reservoir under different well types and the different well pattern development scheme, migration rule by the clear observation profit of this device energy, and by measuring, can monitor and record cast in movement disciplinarian of oil and water and the pressure law of model, thereby oil-water seepage mechanism in the research bottom water reservoir is carried out the different development scheme effect assessments of bottom water reservoir.
Description of drawings
The following drawings only is intended to the utility model done and schematically illustrates and explain, does not limit scope of the present utility model.Wherein:
Fig. 1: the structural representation that is used for the visual physical simulating device of bottom water reservoir for the utility model.
Fig. 2: the side structure schematic diagram that is used for the visual physical simulating device of bottom water reservoir for the utility model.
Fig. 3: the guide trough structure schematic diagram that is used for the visual physical simulating device of bottom water reservoir for the utility model.
Fig. 4: for the condition of utilizing the utility model physical simulating device to carry out the bottom water reservoir extracting experiment is prepared flow chart.
Fig. 5: carry out the flow chart of bottom water reservoir extracting experiment for utilizing the utility model physical simulating device.
The specific embodiment
Understand for technical characterictic of the present utility model, purpose and effect being had more clearly, now contrast the description of drawings specific embodiment of the present utility model.
Such as Fig. 1~shown in Figure 5, the utility model proposes a kind of visual physical simulating device 100 for bottom water reservoir, this physical simulating device 100 is made of a cube container, and this container has certain bearing capacity; This cube container comprises that a body 1 and is arranged at the gland 2 at body 1 top, is provided with accommodating cavity 11 in the body 1, and gland 2 bottoms are provided with the piston 6 identical with accommodating cavity 11 opening shapes; Described gland 2 is provided with a plurality of air vents 7, and described air vent 7 runs through piston 6 and accommodating cavity 11 conductings; One sidewall of described body 1 is provided with visual window 3, and other sidewall of body 1 or gland 2 are provided with a plurality of poroid functional measurement points 4, described functional measurement point 4 and accommodating cavity 11 control conductings; Be full of particulate porous medium 24 in the described accommodating cavity 11, described piston 6 stretches in the accommodating cavity by accommodating cavity 11 opening parts and is installed with on particulate porous medium 24; Be provided with a plurality of tubing strings 22 for simulation wellbore hole in the particulate porous medium 24 in the described accommodating cavity 11; Described accommodating cavity 11 inner bottom surface are provided with guiding gutter 12, and the bottom surface of cube container is provided with the water injection hole 8 with guiding gutter 12 conductings.
In the present embodiment, described guiding gutter 12 is many ring-shaped grooves 121; Guiding gutter 12 can make end water supply with evenly.
As another embodiment of present embodiment, such as Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, described accommodating cavity 11 inner bottom surface are provided with a steel plate 9, and described guiding gutter 12 is arranged on the upper surface of steel plate 9, and described steel plate 9 is provided with the open-work 91 with guiding gutter 12 and water injection hole 8 conductings.
Further, described form 3 is made of tempered glass 31; Described particulate porous medium 24 is quartz sand or bead.
Such as Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, described cube container is arranged on the three-dimensional rotation device 13, and three-dimensional rotation device 13 is existing apparatus.
As shown in Figure 4, in the present embodiment, described water injection hole 8 is linked in sequence in a switch valve 17, a liquid flow instrument 10 and one first displacement pump 19 by body.One simulation wellbore hole 22 connects a functional measurement point 4, and is linked in sequence in another switch valve 17, an intermediate receptacle 18 and the second displacement pump 23 by body.One device for pressure measurement 15 is connected in a functional measurement point 4; One saturation measuring device 14 is connected in another functional measurement point 4; Described device for pressure measurement 15 is connected with saturation measuring device and is connected with a computer 16.
As shown in Figure 5, another simulation wellbore hole 22 is connected in another functional measurement point 4, and is linked in sequence in another switch valve 17, a back-pressure valve 20, an oil-water metering device 21 by body.
As shown in Figure 4, in the present embodiment, described air vent 7 is connected with a blowdown piping by a switch valve 17.
From the above mentioned, the utility model is used for the visual physical simulating device of bottom water reservoir, can carry out physical simulation experiment to the bottom water reservoir of Different Strata inclination angle, different big or small water bodys, simulate the bottom water reservoir under different well types and the different well pattern development scheme, migration rule by the clear observation profit of this device energy, and by measuring, can monitor and record cast in movement disciplinarian of oil and water and the pressure law of model, thereby oil-water seepage mechanism in the research bottom water reservoir is carried out the different development scheme effect assessments of bottom water reservoir.
The utility model is as follows for the concrete use procedure of the visual physical simulating device of bottom water reservoir:
1) back-up sand:
Physical simulating device 100 is arranged on the three-dimensional rotation device 13, described three-dimensional rotation device 13 is existing structure, rotate this physical simulating device 100, the visible surface of physical simulating device 100 is placed up, successively visual windows 3 and tempered glass 31 are taken off, swivel bolt 5 is so that piston 6 is stressed to device 100 outer side shiftings with gland 2; The steel plate 9 that is provided with guiding gutter 12 is parallel to bottom of device puts into accommodating cavity 11, pipeline one end is inserted container chamber 11 bottom water injection holes 8, and be communicated with open-work 91, the pipeline other end is connected with a controlled valve 17, is used for simulation end water and supplies with; Air vent 7 places on gland 2 also are provided with controlled valve 17, are used for the control device internal pressure; By pipeline linkage function survey mark 4 and device for pressure measurement 15, be used for the Pressure Variation of monitoring physical simulating device 100 inside; The probe of saturation measuring device 14 is inserted in the physical simulating device 100 by another functional measurement point 4, and saturation measuring device 14 is used for monitoring physical simulating device 100 fluid movement rules; Insert in the corresponding functional measurement point 4 boring perforated tubing string on the tube wall, simulate producing well or Injection Well 22, and load onto switch valve 17 at tubing string, be used for the switch well; In the accommodating cavity 11 of physical simulating device 100, fill up a certain amount of particulate porous medium 24, according to this medium of requirement of experiment compacting filling; Successively cover tempered glass 31 and visual windows 3; Swivel bolt 5 is so that piston 6 and gland 2 are stressed moves towards accommodating cavity 11 directions, further compacting filling medium 24.
2) the Preparatory work of experiment stage:
Open the controlled valve 17 at air vent 7 places, keep accommodating cavity 11 and atmosphere to connect; Utilize pipeline that water injection hole 8 place's switch valves 17 are connected with liquid flow instrument 10 ports of export, its arrival end is connected with the first displacement pump 19 ports of export, and the first displacement pump 19 arrival ends connect experimental water.Open water injection hole 8 place's controlled valves 17, open the first displacement pump 19, set displacement pressure, so that the first displacement pump 19 keeps constant pressure that experimental water is injected in the accommodating cavity 11, until end water thickness reaches requirement of experiment, close in order the controlled valve 17 at the first displacement pump 19 and water injection hole 8 places.
Keep the controlled valve 17 at air vent 7 places to be in open mode, connect a simulation wellbore hole 22 place's switch valves 17 and intermediate receptacle 18 ports of export by pipeline, intermediate receptacle 18 arrival ends link to each other with the second displacement pump 23; Open the switch valve 17 at these simulation wellbore hole 22 places, oily to physical simulating device 100 interior injection saturation simulations with certain injection rate by the second displacement pump 23, until oil is all seen at air vent 7 places, close air vent 7 place's controlled valves 17, continue to inject a certain amount of simulated oil, until accommodating cavity 11 internal pressures reach requirement of experiment, and the average pressures in the record this moment accommodating cavity 11 close this simulation wellbore hole 22 place's switch valves 17, and disconnect being connected of this simulation wellbore hole 22 and intermediate receptacle 18.
Open the first displacement pump 19 that links to each other with water injection hole 8, the displacement pressure of setting the first displacement pump 19 equals the average pressure in the accommodating cavity 11, open the controlled valve 17 at water injection hole 8 places, data on the recording liquid flow instrument 10, until when being zero by fluid flow, this moment, accommodating cavity 11 and 19 of the first displacement pumps reached pressure balance, and experiment condition is ready.
3) production simulation:
The first displacement pump 19 that maintenance links to each other with water injection hole 8 is open mode, as simulation water injection well 22 is arranged in the experiment, then the well pipeline of the first displacement pump 19 with simulation water injection well 22 linked to each other, as in testing without water injection well 22, can ignore this step; The well pipeline of back-pressure valve 20 arrival ends with another simulation wellbore hole 22 (simulation producing well) linked to each other, and back-pressure valve 20 ports of export connect oil-water metering device 21; During experiment, open well pipeline place switch valve 17, and set the first displacement pump 19 the injection flow, set back-pressure valve 20 arrival end pressure, if any water injection well 22, open well pipeline place controlled valve 17, the displacement velocity of the first displacement pump 9 that setting links to each other with water injection well 22 then can be simulated the development process of water injection well 22 water fillings in the bottom water reservoir, producing well 22 oil recoveries.Reading on the record oil-water metering device 21, can measure oil mass and the water yield that producing well 22 is produced, writing time and the first displacement pump 19 displacement velocities that link to each other with water injection well 22 pipelines, can measure the water injection rate of water injection well 22, reading on the recording liquid flow instrument 10, the water influx of bottom water reservoir can be measured, the bottom water coning rule can be directly observed by visual window 3 and saturation measuring device 14.
The above only is the schematic specific embodiment of the utility model, is not to limit scope of the present utility model.Any those skilled in the art, the equivalent variations of having done under the prerequisite that does not break away from design of the present utility model and principle and modification all should belong to the scope that the utility model is protected.

Claims (10)

1. visual physical simulating device that is used for bottom water reservoir, it is characterized in that: this physical simulating device is made of a cube container; This cube container comprises that a body and is arranged at the gland of bodies top, is provided with accommodating cavity in the body, and the gland bottom is provided with the piston identical with the accommodating cavity opening shape; Described gland is provided with a plurality of air vents, and described air vent runs through piston and accommodating cavity conducting; One sidewall of described body is provided with visual window, and other sidewall of body or gland are provided with a plurality of poroid functional measurement points, described functional measurement point and accommodating cavity control conducting; Be full of particulate porous medium in the described accommodating cavity, described piston stretches in the accommodating cavity by the accommodating cavity opening part and is installed with on particulate porous medium; Be provided with a plurality of tubing strings for simulation wellbore hole in the particulate porous medium in the described accommodating cavity; Described accommodating cavity inner bottom surface is provided with guiding gutter, and the bottom surface of cube container is provided with the water injection hole with the guiding gutter conducting.
2. the visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described guiding gutter is many ring-shaped grooves.
3. the visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described accommodating cavity inner bottom surface is provided with a steel plate, described guiding gutter is arranged on the upper surface of steel plate, and described steel plate is provided with the open-work with guiding gutter and water injection hole conducting.
4. the visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described form is made of tempered glass.
5. the visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described particulate porous medium is quartz sand or bead.
6. the visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cube container is arranged on the three-dimensional rotation device.
7. the visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described water injection hole is linked in sequence in a switch valve, a liquid flow instrument and one first displacement pump by body.
8. the visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: a simulation wellbore hole connects functional measurement point, and is linked in sequence in a switch valve and the second displacement pump by body.
9. the visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: a device for pressure measurement is connected in functional measurement point; One saturation measuring device is connected in another functional measurement point; Described device for pressure measurement is connected with computer with saturation measuring device.
10. the visual physical simulating device for bottom water reservoir as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: another simulation wellbore hole is connected in another functional measurement point, and is linked in sequence in another switch valve, a back-pressure valve, an oil-water metering device by body.
CN 201220268562 2012-06-07 2012-06-07 Visual physical simulation device for bottom-water reservoirs Expired - Fee Related CN202718673U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220268562 CN202718673U (en) 2012-06-07 2012-06-07 Visual physical simulation device for bottom-water reservoirs

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103352695A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-10-16 中国石油大学(北京) Visualization physical simulation device with consideration of interlamination fluid channeling
CN103397872A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-11-20 中国海洋石油总公司 Shaft simulation device of multi-branch flow guide moderate sand outlet well
CN104265266A (en) * 2014-09-05 2015-01-07 中海石油(中国)有限公司深圳分公司 Horizontal well water controlling completion method evaluation experiment device
CN104712295A (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-06-17 中国地质大学(北京) Visual horizontal well oil deposit sand filling physical model and system
CN106401577A (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-02-15 中国海洋石油总公司 Visual testing device and method for simulating bottom water coning of bottom water gas reservoir gas well
CN108612524A (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-10-02 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Three-dimensional visible bottom water reservoir physical simulating device
CN113389544A (en) * 2021-07-09 2021-09-14 中国石油大学(华东) Visual model for boundary water reservoir water invasion simulation experiment

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103352695A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-10-16 中国石油大学(北京) Visualization physical simulation device with consideration of interlamination fluid channeling
CN103397872A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-11-20 中国海洋石油总公司 Shaft simulation device of multi-branch flow guide moderate sand outlet well
CN103397872B (en) * 2013-08-06 2016-07-13 中国海洋石油总公司 The pit shaft analog of racemosus water conservancy diversion moderate leading well
CN104265266A (en) * 2014-09-05 2015-01-07 中海石油(中国)有限公司深圳分公司 Horizontal well water controlling completion method evaluation experiment device
CN104265266B (en) * 2014-09-05 2017-01-25 中海石油(中国)有限公司深圳分公司 Horizontal well water controlling completion method evaluation experiment device
CN104712295A (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-06-17 中国地质大学(北京) Visual horizontal well oil deposit sand filling physical model and system
CN104712295B (en) * 2015-02-05 2018-04-20 中国地质大学(北京) One kind visualization horizontal well oil reservoir back-up sand physical model and system
CN106401577A (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-02-15 中国海洋石油总公司 Visual testing device and method for simulating bottom water coning of bottom water gas reservoir gas well
CN108612524A (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-10-02 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Three-dimensional visible bottom water reservoir physical simulating device
CN113389544A (en) * 2021-07-09 2021-09-14 中国石油大学(华东) Visual model for boundary water reservoir water invasion simulation experiment
CN113389544B (en) * 2021-07-09 2022-10-04 中国石油大学(华东) Visual model for boundary water reservoir water invasion simulation experiment

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130206

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