The electric up-down discharging platform that is used for the main building construction
The utility model relates to the transfer platform that a kind of building main building is stacked constructional materials, especially a kind of electric up-down discharging platform for the main building construction.
At present, in the work progress of high-rise building, need to build overhanging type discharging platform at building, needing more artificial and tower crane equipment to cooperate installs, time and effort consuming, the work progress potential safety hazard is large, the waste material, manageability not, and material platform is installed connectivity, personal security, platform stable etc. and all is difficult to obtain Reliable guarantee, and the safety management difficulty is large, usually causes security incident, gently then protect support body and wound, heavy then the constructor dead.
Along with the construction of China's highrise building is more and more, in the urgent need to a kind of novel discharging platform to solve the existing shortcoming of present overhanging type discharging platform.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of increase work efficiency and security performance is used for the electric up-down discharging platform of main building construction reliably.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of electric up-down discharging platform for the main building construction, it comprises discharging operating platform and the protective guard that is installed in the operating platform both sides, its key technology is: also comprise at least two fixed guide reservation that are arranged side by side that are positioned the main building outside, and can slide up and down and drive the lifting appliance that operating platform moves along the fixed guide reservation.
The described main building outside refers to that at least three groups are arranged up and down in described fixed guide reservation on the main body metope outside or the main body balcony, and every group comprises two fixed guide reservation that keep at a certain distance away.
When the fixed guide reservation was installed in the main body metope outside, it directly adopted wall-attached supporting seat; When it was installed on the main body balcony, its structure comprised wall-attached supporting seat and the first balcony connector that matches;
Described wall-attached supporting seat is the steel welding fitting, and it comprises connecting bottom board, two floors that be arranged in parallel and the anti-fall assembly that are fixedly connected with connecting bottom board, and the front end of two floors forms the guide groove of opening relatively; Described anti-fall assembly comprises that anti-fall is connected journal stirrup and by being arranged in the bearing pin bearing pin hinged with being connected journal stirrup on the floor with anti-fall two of being fixedly connected with;
Described the first balcony connector comprises that for the fixing underframe of balcony, vertically be fixed in the link that is fixedly connected with the base plate of wall-attached supporting seat of being used for of underframe front end, described link front is provided with a size and described base plate is complementary, can prevent the seam that base plate moves up and down.
Described lifting appliance comprise with wall-attached supporting seat on two straight skidding guide rails being slidingly matched of guide groove, be fixed on the main body balcony or two steel frameworks in the main body metope outside, be located at the upper hanging block above the steel framework and be hung on electric block on the described upper hanging block, the lower suspension hook of described electric block hangs on the material platform enhancing ring that is fixed on the straight skidding guide rail.
When steel framework was installed on the main body balcony, its structure comprised the second balcony connector that is fixedly connected with balcony and the little bearing that is attached thereto; When steel framework is installed in the main body metope outside, the little bearing that it directly is fixedly connected with the main body metope;
The structure of described the second balcony connector is identical with the structure of described the first balcony connector;
Described little bearing comprise connect underframe, by two channel-section steels and two angle bar that are connected the underframe connection, described upper hanging block consists of by U-shaped suspension member with supporting lever that U-shaped suspension member is welded and fixed, described supporting lever be supported in channel-section steel above.
The brake block that described straight skidding guide rail is fixed in by i iron and interval on the wing plate of i iron consists of.
The height of described straight skidding guide rail is 9-10 rice.
Be provided with adjusting yoke between described operating platform and the straight skidding guide rail.
Described adjusting yoke is turnbuckle; Perhaps by seamless steel pipe, be welded in the seamless steel pipe two ends nut, consist of with the bolt of the supporting setting of nut and the junction plate of being located at the bolt front end, the screw thread of described nut is positive left-hand thread setting.
Described operating platform is the steel work soldering member, and it comprises the platform panel made by checkered steel plate, at the girder of platform panel both sides and be located at secondary beam between two girders; Described guardrail comprises the keel of being made by square tube and is riveted on the net sheet of being made by expanded metal lath on the keel.
The beneficial effect that adopts technique scheme to produce is:
1) the utility model can be finished by the self power system and expect that platform moves up and down along building; Its overall structure adopts the combination mounting means, and easy installation and removal takies the lorry space little, the turnover convenient in carrying; The auxiliary installation of tower crane dispensable mould gets final product during installation, saved the access times of tower crane lifting, alleviated the working strength of tower crane; The workman operates fully in building during construction, has thoroughly avoided transmission discharging platform workman repeatedly to dismantle the danger of work high above the ground.
2) safe, operating platform adopts the moulding of steel work assembly welding, and guardrail adds riveted joint steel circular hole screen plate with square pipe keel and forms the guard plot.Owing to having cancelled traditional wire rope drawknot, use adjustable drawbar rigidity drawknot instead, thereby promoted the integral rigidity of discharging platform, the workman does not have fear when the material platform is worked, saved tower crane lifting number of times, the disposable lifting location and installation of tower crane has reduced because of tower crane lifting the factor that works the mischief to support body and personnel.Also just overcome the obstruction of workman's wire rope when the installation and removal bearing, further reduced workman's the amount of labour.
3) the utility model energy-saving and environmental protection, low-carbon (LC), the disposable materials such as the wooden a tree, used in making timber for boats of using when it adopts the structure of all steel formula to replace traditional material platform to build, wooden form, soft Dense mesh screen can be recycled.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 2;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of wall-attached supporting seat;
Fig. 4 is the decomposing schematic representation of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of little bearing;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the first balcony connector;
The structural representation of hanging block on Fig. 7;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of suspension ring;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of regulating drag hook;
Figure 10 is the scheme of installation of brake block on the straight skidding guide rail;
Wherein, 1, cross-tie; 2, main body balcony; 31, wall-attached supporting seat, 311, bearing pin, 312, supporting lever, 313, guide groove, 314, floor, 315, connecting bottom board, 316, connect journal stirrup; 32, the first balcony connector, 321, seam, 322, link, 323, underframe, 324, strengthen channel-section steel; 41, straight skidding guide rail, 411, i iron, 412, brake block, 413, material platform enhancing ring, 420, little bearing, the 421, second balcony connector, 422, connect underframe, 423, channel-section steel, 424, angle bar, 43, upper hanging block, 431, U-shaped suspension member, 432, supporting lever, 44, electric block, 441, lower draw-bar; 5, main body metope; 6, adjusting yoke, 601, junction plate, 602, screw rod, 603, nut, 604, seamless steel pipe; 7, operating platform; 801, keel, 802, the steel circular hole screen plate.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in further detail.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1, it is installed in structure on the main body metope 5 for the utility model, comprise discharging operating platform 7 and the protective guard that is installed in operating platform 7 both sides in its structure, the improvement of its key is to comprise that also being positioned two on the main body metope 5 comes the fixed guide reservation (many rows also can be set as required) that horizontal direction is arranged side by side, and can slide up and down and drive the lifting appliance 4 that operating platform 7 moves along the fixed guide reservation.Three groups of described fixed guide reservation 3 in the vertical directions, lower layout (also can arrange as required four groups or other group numbers), wherein every group by two symmetrically arranged fixed guide reservation mix proportions.
Referring to accompanying drawing 3 and accompanying drawing 4, when being installed in main body metope 5 outside, described fixed guide reservation directly adopts two symmetrical wall-attached supporting seats 31 of installing to get final product.Described wall-attached supporting seat 31 is the steel welding fitting, it comprises connecting bottom board 315, two floors that be arranged in parallel 314 and the anti-fall assembly that are fixedly connected with connecting bottom board 315, the position of the front end trough of belt of two floors 314 is relative, and form the guide groove 313 of opening, cooperate with this guide groove 313 on the straight skidding guide rail to slide up and down; Described anti-fall assembly comprises anti-fall 312 and is connected journal stirrup 316 and is arranged on the floor 314 and makes and connect the hinged bearing pin 311 of journal stirrup 316 and floor 314 with anti-fall 312 two of being fixedly connected be arranged in parallel, when mobile, by rotating anti-fall assembly brake block 412 is broken away from, then move adjusting.All with GB shaped steel welding production, its coefficient of rigidity is 10 to wall-attached supporting seat 31, and supporting capacity is strong, it is the stress point of whole discharging platform, wall-attached supporting seat 31 has guiding, anti-dumping, anti-drop function, cooperates with straight skidding guide rail 41, mainly plays effects such as transmitting construction, lifting drive load.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1, described lifting appliance comprise with wall-attached supporting seat on two straight skidding guide rails 41 being slidingly matched of guide groove 313, be fixed on two ramuscule seats 420 in main body metope 5 outsides, be located at the upper hanging block 43 above the ramuscule seat 420 and be hung on electric block 44 on the described upper hanging block 43, the lower suspension hook 441 of described electric block 44 hangs on the Liao Dynasty's material platform enhancing ring 413, expect that wherein platform enhancing ring 413 is fixed in the bottom of straight skidding guide rail 41 by connector, the hook of electric block 44 is connected with upper hanging block 43 on being arranged on centre position ramuscule seat 420, that row in the middle of the middle part refers on the vertical direction.When steel framework was installed in main body metope 5 outside, it was direct ramuscule seat 420 that is fixedly connected with main body metope 5 in the present embodiment.
Referring to accompanying drawing 5, described ramuscule seat 420 comprises and connects underframe 422, passes through two channel-section steels 423 and be connected two vertical angle bar 424 that arrange that underframe 422 connects, in order to strengthen the bulk strength of ramuscule seat 420, also can channel-section steel 423 or angle bar 424 be connected underframe 422 in the middle of reinforced steels are set.Described upper hanging block 43 consists of by U-shaped suspension member 431 with supporting lever 432 that U-shaped suspension member 431 is welded and fixed, described supporting lever 432 be supported in channel-section steel 422 above, this supporting lever 432 can adopt two channel-section steels relatively to be welded.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1 and accompanying drawing 10, the brake block 412 that described straight skidding guide rail 41 is fixed in by 14# i iron 411 and interval on the wing plate of i iron 411 consists of.The body height of general described straight skidding guide rail 41 is 9 meters can satisfy instructions for use, covers two floors, guarantee discharging platform in use each guide rail position reliably be connected with main building by three road wall-attached supporting seats.Brake block (bloom) 412 is preferably dimensioned to be 30 ㎜ * 40 ㎜ * 60 ㎜, and interval 20 ㎝ of adjacent two brake block 412 are welded on the wing plate or floor of i iron 411.I iron 411 on one side floor is connected with wall-attached supporting seat, moving both vertically when discharging platform promotes operation.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1, be provided with a plurality of adjusting adjusting yokes 6 between described operating platform 7 and the straight skidding guide rail 41, wherein arrange two at each high and low position of the both sides of protective guard, the one end is connected with girder on the operating platform 7 during use, the other end is connected with straight skidding guide rail 41, plays Unloading Effect.Described adjusting yoke 6 can be adopted as turnbuckle; Perhaps adopt following structure:
Referring to accompanying drawing 9, its by seamless steel pipe 604, be welded in seamless steel pipe 604 two ends nut 603, consist of with the screw rod 602 of nut 603 supporting settings and the junction plate 601 of being located at screw rod 602 front ends, the screw thread of described nut 603 is positive left-hand thread setting.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1 or 2, described operating platform 7 is the steel work soldering member, its overall dimensions is about 3 * 2.2m=6.6 ㎡, and it is used for carrying labor and materials etc. by the platform panel, make platy structure at the girder of platform panel both sides and the secondary beam Combination Welding of being located between two girders.The platform panel adopts 2 ㎝ checkered steel plates to be made, and girder is selected the 12# channel-section steel, and secondary beam can be selected the 10# channel-section steel.Described protective guard is made by keel 801 and steel circular hole screen plate 802, wherein keel have the moulding of 4# square tubes soldering, highly be 1.2 meters, steel circular hole screen plate 802 adopts expanded metal lath riveted joint sealing, improved the reliability of its protection, go along with sb. to guard him vertical net and be designed to single row configuration, convenient transportation, Assembling is easy.
Referring to accompanying drawing 2, the structure of the structure of the present embodiment 2 and above-described embodiment 1 is basic identical, different is: the present embodiment will be installed in above the main body balcony 2, so in order to adapt to the change of this installation site, the structure of described wire holder comprises two large parts, its wall-attached supporting seat 31 in comprising above-described embodiment 1, also comprise the first balcony connector 32 that is fixedly connected with the table top of main body balcony 2.Referring to accompanying drawing 6, the structure of described the first balcony connector 32 is: comprise that for the fixing underframe 323 of main body balcony 2, vertically be fixed in the link 322 that is fixedly connected with the base plate 315 of wall-attached supporting seat of being used for of underframe 323 front ends, described link 322 front ends offer a size and described base plate 321 is complementary, can prevents the seam 321 that base plate 321 moves up and down.This seam 321 is actual to be a draw-in groove, and one section floor is stretched out in the top, and a horizontal location plate is extended in the below, purpose be for can better with wall-attached supporting seat 31 on connecting bottom board 315 be connected and fixed.In order to strengthen the steadiness of whole device, also be provided with oblique reinforcement channel-section steel 324.
In like manner, the steel framework in the present embodiment also comprises two parts parts, its ramuscule seat 420 in embodiment 1, also comprises one for the second balcony connector 421 that is fixedly connected with main body balcony 2.Here the structure of the second balcony connector 421 can be made the structure identical with the first balcony connector 32, also can needs adjustment be installed according to the scene, such as for the connection underframe 422 on the ramuscule seat 420 is connected with the second balcony connector, can be with 2 angle steel of front end bilateral symmetry welding of the second balcony connector 422, because the channel-section steel that connects underframe 422 and be by two symmetries is welded to form connector, the channel-section steel of both sides is navigated on the angle steel, be easier to install fixing.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1 and accompanying drawing 2, the utility model installation steps were divided into for five steps, step 1: at the construction field (site) protective guard and operating platform 7, adjusting yoke 6 are positioned assembling, adjusting yoke 6 bottoms are connected with operating platform 7 usefulness steel pin axles accomplishes fluently cottor pin, in the middle of the upper end wouldn't be fixed with bolt temporary transient and protective guard fix.
Step 2: fixedly the straight skidding track 41, and straight skidding guide rail 41 is fixed the position by wall-attached supporting seat 31 parts such as grade.
Step 3: this discharging platform 7 and straight skidding guide rail by the construction tower crane is sling and assembled connect with 8 cover M22 * 80 high-strength large hexagon head bolt used for steel structure.The M20 in the middle of the adjusting yoke 6 * 80 bolts are removed, upper end and straight skidding guide rail are fixed and regulate suitable position again, and fixed form is identical with the bottom fixed form.
Step 4: lifting means is installed, is hung on the electric block 44 and fix in advance the extension position, lower draw-bar 441 hangs on the material strip enhancing ring 443 of below, and lays circuit.
Step 5: the inspection before the normal use of this discharging platform, check whether each one connects correct, circuit can power-on use after whether normally can reaching the operation technique standard.
The utility model is to be attached on the engineering structures by attached support structure, relies on the discharging platform of the synchronized lifting equipment realization lifting of self.Namely along the building outside this discharging platform is installed, and it is attached on the building, discharging platform is with elevating mechanism and lifting drive equipment, and along with engineering progress, discharging platform promotes along building.Its structural safety is reliable, transportation, easy for installation, and the working time has been shortened in the disposable auxiliary installation of tower crane, has improved operating efficiency, and the workman operates fully in building simultaneously, has thoroughly avoided the danger of traditional discharging platform workman repeated disassembled and assembled work high above the ground.