CN202689363U - Wind-shielding, lighting and ventilating skylight for civil architectures - Google Patents

Wind-shielding, lighting and ventilating skylight for civil architectures Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202689363U
CN202689363U CN 201220159923 CN201220159923U CN202689363U CN 202689363 U CN202689363 U CN 202689363U CN 201220159923 CN201220159923 CN 201220159923 CN 201220159923 U CN201220159923 U CN 201220159923U CN 202689363 U CN202689363 U CN 202689363U
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China
Prior art keywords
wind
lighting
shielding
wind sheltering
stand
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CN 201220159923
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
单连勤
芦彤彤
单晓晴
李佰库
宋凯宇
杨光
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JINZHOU PENGXIANG DIANLI QINGGANG SHEBEI Co Ltd
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JINZHOU PENGXIANG DIANLI QINGGANG SHEBEI Co Ltd
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Abstract

A wind-shielding, lighting and ventilating skylight for civil architectures comprises a structure support, wherein a lighting rain blocking plate, wind-shielding plates and an end plate are arranged on the structure support. A wind exhaust port is formed between the wind-shielding plates and the lighting rain blocking plate, and gutters are arranged on two sides of the lighting rain blocking plate. The wind-shielding, lighting and ventilating skylight is characterized in that wind-shielding valve plates are hinged to the upper ends of the wind-shielding plates on the structure support respectively, a skylight opening mechanism connected with the wind-shielding valve plates is arranged on the structure support, water collection troughs are arranged between the wind-shielding plates and a ventilating port respectively, and insect-resistant gauzes are symmetrically arranged in the structure support. The wind-shielding, lighting and ventilating skylight has the advantages that by means of the wind-shielding plates, the wind-shielding, lighting and ventilating skylight can be normally used in rainy or snowy days, rain or snow cannot blow into the house, and opening and closing of the wind-shielding plates do not influence lighting; the insect-resistant gauzes can block winged insects such as mosquitoes and flies; the ventilating principle of the 'stack effect' is fully utilized to reduce adverse effects of 'cross ventilation' on human bodies and reduce lateral dispersion pollution of indoor vitiated air; and the wind-shielding, lighting and ventilating skylight is energy-saving, free of noise and maintenance, simple, economical and capable of being popularized easily and widely.

Description

Civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of civilian construction Natural Ventilation Technology In One Green product, particularly a kind of civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver.
Background technology
The civilian construction Relationship between Ventilation is directly connected to people's breathing quality to the air quality of architectural environment, is the key guarantee of people's daily life.Natural Ventilation Technology In One Green is of long duration, the windowing of building, the application that many forms such as loft, dormer (skylight) have all embodied Natural Ventilation Technology In One Green, people use the form of structure of these buildings in life, carry out the air conditioning of architecture indoor according to the variation of seasonal climate.
In the application of through the ages building nature ventilation, all show the Natural Ventilation Technology In One Green of two aspects.1, windowing of construction wall plan-position utilizes the blast of natural wind to form " draught " ventilation; 2, building roof is windowed---and the skylight, " stack effect " that utilize blast and hot pressing to form ventilates.In the civilian construction in modern times, mostly be subject to the impact of blower fan, air conditioning applications, seldom seen the architecture structure form of skylight class.
The ventilation in building skylight utilizes blast and hot pressing to produce, and makes the interior air natural of building make progress to flow and discharges, and sucks simultaneously a kind of Natural Ventilation Technology In One Green of building outer fresh air, namely common " stack effect " said of people.Its ventilatory applications compares the advantage that " draught " has nature, and the wind-force of " draught " is harder, easily the people is caused injury, such as " loose sweat ", " wind-engaging " etc.In addition, " draught " comprises pernicious gas, the bacterial virus of patient respiration and the coal smoke of burning coal etc. that people's smoking spues also because the disperse of air advection forms dusty gas." draught " relies on the blast that forms of windowing before and after the building to ventilate and also is subject to the restriction of weather, the ventilation of can't windowing of day hot ventilation weak effect of windowing when calm, strong wind, sleet, dust storm sky.And the skylight of " stack effect " ventilates, and it is a kind of ventilation form of pressure overflow, and air-flow tends towards stability in building, no matter be that hot pressing or blast all are upwards to flow in building, therefore, those contamination phenomenon of rare " draught ".
In recent years, the Novel skylight aeration technology that a lot of industrial construction adopt comprises roof ventilator, electric lighting smoke-discharge skylight etc., the livestock livestock shed of aquaculture much also all takes simple dormer to ventilate, but these aeration technology products all are not suitable for the ventilation of civilian construction.The leakproofness of these ventilating products is inadequate, the sleet sand and dust often occurs pour in down a chimney with the wind problem, and the winged insects such as mosquitos and flies are are freely come in and gone out, product structure is foolish repeat assorted and cost higher, there is no fixed standard in, and the product pattern allows the user sees sample is selected, and is not easy to popular application popularization.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is that a kind of civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver will be provided, and this product structure is simply light, and daylighting, performance of ventilating are good, have adjustable ventilation and capability of anti-wind, and the product leakproofness is good, is easy to popular popularizing.
The civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver that the utility model relates to, comprise the structure stand that is installed in the femerell place, be provided with the daylighting weather shield in the structure stand upper center, be provided with verge board in the structure stand bilateral symmetry, be respectively equipped with end plate at the structure stand two ends, be air outlet between verge board and the daylighting weather shield, both sides of the edge at the daylighting weather shield are provided with the ditch, its special character is: the upper end that is positioned at verge board at structure stand is hinged with respectively the wind sheltering valve plate that can close and regulate the air outlet size, be provided with at structure stand and be connected the window-opening mechanism that is used for control wind sheltering valve plate switch with the wind sheltering valve plate, between the lower limb of verge board and ventilation opening, be respectively equipped with catch basin, in structure stand, between catch basin and daylighting weather shield, be arranged with the insect protected gauze.
Above-mentioned civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver, described wind sheltering valve plate are to be made of framework and one deck sunlight board that is fixed on the framework outside, to improve the daylighting effect.
Above-mentioned civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver, described wind sheltering valve plate are to be made of framework and two layers of sunlight board that are fixed on the inside and outside surface of framework, to improve heat insulation effect.
Above-mentioned civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver, described structure stand both sides, verge board and wind sheltering valve plate are arc.
Above-mentioned civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver, described structure stand both sides, verge board and wind sheltering valve plate are linear, so that make.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1, owing to the upper end that is positioned at verge board at structure stand is hinged with respectively the wind sheltering valve plate that can close and regulate the air outlet size, can realize the wind sheltering, ventilation and the daylighting that adapt to the natural climate environment facies by the wind sheltering valve plate, after closing, the wind sheltering valve plate can close air outlet from the ventilating skylight outside, it is inner and indoor and pollute indoor environment that thereby rain, snow, sand and dust enter ventilating skylight when avoiding bad weather, ventilation and wind sheltering ability have greatly been improved, simple and light, performance of ventilating is good; Owing to be arranged with the insect protected gauze between catch basin and daylighting weather shield in structure stand, it is indoor to avoid the winged insect such as mosquitos and flies to enter, so is adapted at installing and using on the civilian construction.
2, because the wind sheltering valve plate is set, not only increased daylighting area, cancelled simultaneously the water conservancy diversion valve plate that is arranged on tradition ventilation device inside, outside available light sees through the daylighting weather shield or the wind sheltering valve plate just can be injected indoor, therefore daylighting is effective, and light transmittance can reach 60%~80%.
3, energy-saving no-noise, non-maintaining.
4, take full advantage of " stack effect " draught principle, reduced " draught " adverse effect to human body, the horizontal disperse that has reduced indoor foul atmosphere is polluted.
5, simple economy, low cost of manufacture is easy to popular popularizing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model (corresponding embodiment 1);
Fig. 2 is the structural representation after the wind sheltering valve plate is closed among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is structural representation of the present utility model (corresponding embodiment 2);
Fig. 4 is the structural representation after the wind sheltering valve plate is closed among Fig. 3.
Among the figure: roof 1, structure stand 2, ventilation opening 3, catch basin 4, drain hole 401, verge board 5, window-opening mechanism 6, switch connecting rod 7, wind sheltering valve plate 8, framework 801, sunlight board 802, collecting gutter 9, insect protected gauze 10, daylighting weather shield 11, air outlet 12, end plate 13.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, this civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver comprises and is installed in the structure stand 2 that is positioned at ventilation opening 3 places on the roof 1 and is welded by section bar, be fixed with the daylighting weather shield 11 of ridge or arc on structure stand 2 tops, present embodiment is fixed with respectively the collecting gutter 9 that colored steel is converted into take arc daylighting weather shield 11 as example in the both sides of daylighting weather shield 11 lower edge.Be symmetrically fixed with verge board 5 in structure stand 2 both sides of the edge, be fixed with respectively end plate 13 at structure stand 2 two ends, form air outlet 12 between described verge board 5 and the daylighting weather shield 11, the upper end that is positioned at verge board 5 at structure stand 2 is hinged with respectively the wind sheltering valve plate 8 that can close and regulate air outlet 12 sizes, wind sheltering valve plate 8 is to be made of framework 801 and one deck sunlight board 802 that is fixed on framework 801 outsides, to improve the daylighting effect.The cross section of described structure stand 2 both sides, verge board 5 and wind sheltering valve plate 8 is arc, and is concentric with verge board 5 and radius of curvature is identical when wind sheltering valve plate 8 is opened fully.Structure stand 2 be positioned at wind sheltering valve plate 8 below be separately installed with window-opening mechanism 6, window-opening mechanism 6 can adopt existing window opening device or crank-link mechanism, and switch connecting rod 7 upper ends of window-opening mechanism 6 are hinged to realize the draft switch adjusting with corresponding wind sheltering valve plate 8 respectively.Described wind sheltering valve plate 8 is closed the height that rear its free margins falls in the collecting gutter 9 and is lower than daylighting weather shield 11 fully, thereby reduces the whole height of this ventilator.Between the structure stand 2 in the lower limb of verge board 5 and ventilation opening 101 outsides, be fixed with catch basin 4, be evenly equipped with a plurality of drain holes 401 at catch basin 4.Between catch basin 4 and daylighting weather shield 11, be arranged with insect protected gauze 10 in structure stand 2 interior both sides.
When needs strengthen ventilation, open by window-opening mechanism 6 control wind sheltering valve plates 8, along with the increasing of air draft area in the use procedure, draught capacity strengthens, when wind sheltering valve plate 8 was opened to maximum, wind sheltering valve plate 8 formed one with verge board 5, and it is maximum that vent flow all reaches; When outside weather conditions badly needed wind sheltering, closing wind sheltering valve plate 8 just can increase the wind sheltering ability, reduces the destruction of wind-force; When winter, outside very cold need to reduce ventilation, increase daylighting, control wind sheltering valve plate 8 was closed, and wind sheltering valve plate 8 is connected the formation one with daylighting weather shield 11, and lighting angle and daylighting area are large, and daylighting is effective.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, described wind sheltering valve plate 8 is to be made of framework 801 and two layers of sunlight board 802 that are fixed on framework 801 inside and outside surfaces, forms hollow sandwich between two layers of sunlight board 802, to improve heat insulation effect.Described structure stand 2 both sides, verge board 5 and wind sheltering valve plate 8 are linear, and verge board 5 is to be made of composite insulation boards, so that make.Other structure is with embodiment 1.

Claims (5)

1. civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver, comprise the structure stand that is installed in the femerell place, be provided with the daylighting weather shield in the structure stand upper center, be provided with verge board in the structure stand bilateral symmetry, be respectively equipped with end plate at the structure stand two ends, be air outlet between verge board and the daylighting weather shield, both sides of the edge at the daylighting weather shield are provided with the ditch, it is characterized in that: the upper end that is positioned at verge board at structure stand is hinged with respectively the wind sheltering valve plate that can close and regulate the air outlet size, be provided with at structure stand and be connected the window-opening mechanism that is used for control wind sheltering valve plate switch with the wind sheltering valve plate, between the lower limb of verge board and ventilation opening, be respectively equipped with catch basin, in structure stand, between catch basin and daylighting weather shield, be arranged with the insect protected gauze.
2. civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described wind sheltering valve plate is to be made of framework and one deck sunlight board of being fixed on the framework outside.
3. civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described wind sheltering valve plate is to be made of framework and two layers of sunlight board being fixed on the inside and outside surface of framework.
4. civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described structure stand both sides, verge board and wind sheltering valve plate are arc.
5. civilian construction wind sheltering lighting ventilation louver according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described structure stand both sides, verge board and wind sheltering valve plate are linear.
CN 201220159923 2012-04-12 2012-04-12 Wind-shielding, lighting and ventilating skylight for civil architectures Active CN202689363U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220159923 CN202689363U (en) 2012-04-12 2012-04-12 Wind-shielding, lighting and ventilating skylight for civil architectures

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220159923 CN202689363U (en) 2012-04-12 2012-04-12 Wind-shielding, lighting and ventilating skylight for civil architectures

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202689363U true CN202689363U (en) 2013-01-23

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103134133A (en) * 2013-03-08 2013-06-05 锦州鹏翔电力轻钢设备有限公司 Thin roof ventilator
CN111287375A (en) * 2020-02-19 2020-06-16 中冶东方工程技术有限公司 Smoke exhaust skylight suitable for flat plate type large-span space structure and construction method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103134133A (en) * 2013-03-08 2013-06-05 锦州鹏翔电力轻钢设备有限公司 Thin roof ventilator
CN103134133B (en) * 2013-03-08 2015-06-24 锦州鹏翔电力轻钢设备有限公司 Thin roof ventilator
CN111287375A (en) * 2020-02-19 2020-06-16 中冶东方工程技术有限公司 Smoke exhaust skylight suitable for flat plate type large-span space structure and construction method

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