CN202684247U - Movable column type electric discharge machine - Google Patents

Movable column type electric discharge machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202684247U
CN202684247U CN 201220278683 CN201220278683U CN202684247U CN 202684247 U CN202684247 U CN 202684247U CN 201220278683 CN201220278683 CN 201220278683 CN 201220278683 U CN201220278683 U CN 201220278683U CN 202684247 U CN202684247 U CN 202684247U
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China
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discharge machine
base
axis slide
spindle
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CN 201220278683
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Chinese (zh)
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梁添贵
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健陞机电工业股份有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a movable column type electric discharge machine. The movable column type electric discharge machine comprises a base with an X-axis slide base, wherein an electrolytic tank is arranged at front of the X-axis slide base; a workpiece platform is arranged inside the electrolytic tank; a Y-axis slide base is arranged above the X-axis slide base; a rotary base is arranged on the front end of the Y-axis slide base; an electrode is arranged on the lower end of a main shaft; and a Z-axis slide base is arranged on the main shaft, and the Z-axis slide base is fixedly arranged on the rotary base, so that the main shaft rotates relative to the angle of a workpiece. The main shaft is hand-operated to rotate relative to the angle of the workpiece, so that an inclined wall surface can be machined on the workpiece; and moreover, the rotary base has a simple structure, so that the manufacturing cost is integrally reduced, and the performance of electric discharge machining can be improved.

Description

动柱式放电加工机 Traveling column discharge machine

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本创作关于一种放电加工机,尤指其具Z轴方向的主轴可相对于具XY平面的工件作手动调整角度,进而放电加工出斜壁面的一种技术范畴。 [0001] The present writing relates to an electric discharge machine, which has especially the Z-axis direction with respect to the workpiece spindle XY plane for manually adjusting the angle, and thus a technique EDM visible oblique wall.

背景技术[0002] 所谓放电加工去除材料的技术,是将工件及加工头上的电极置入盛有绝缘加工液的电解槽内,同时对工件及电极供给适当的电能,并缩小电极与工件的间距,当工件及电极的能量足以突破两者间绝缘液的介电值时,便能使工件与电极间因离子化而形成放电柱,又放电柱内高密集度的能量,产生高热可蒸发及熔融工件与电极,同时绝缘液也会因高热而气化,气化所引发的局部爆压,可将熔融的工件与电极由加工的表面移除,如此便能对工件的表面进行移除式的加工。 [0002] The so-called discharge machining technique for removing material, and the workpiece is processed within the cell into the electrode head filled with an insulating machining liquid, and the workpiece while the electrode proper power supply, and reduction of the electrode and the workpiece pitch, the workpiece and the electrode when the energy is sufficient to break through the dielectric value of the insulation liquid therebetween when they can between the workpiece and the electrode is formed by ionizing discharge column, the column and discharge energy of the high density, high heat is generated evaporable and melting the workpiece and the electrode, but also the insulating liquid is vaporized by heat, the local detonation pressure caused by the gasification, may be melted and the electrode removed from the workpiece surface finish, thus making it possible for removal of the surface of the workpiece type of processing. 特别是在模具制造、机械加工等技术领域中,放电加工机是一种广泛被使用的加工机具,特别是难以传统机械加工的超硬材料或复杂形状工件等加工领域,放电加工机更是常用加工机具, Especially in the art of mold manufacturing, machining and the like, discharge machining is widely used in the processing equipment, processing field particularly difficult machining conventional superhard material or complex shape of the workpiece and the like, an electric discharge machine is used processing equipment,

[0003] 一般放电加工机的主轴构成一Z轴,其通常固定且垂直于由一XY面所构成的电解池,又通常该放电加工机是利用受控的三轴向驱动机构带动导电的工具电极,且由绝缘介质对工件施加周期性且快速变化的电压脉冲,以释放能量而产生局部高温,以蚀除工件预定部位的表面金属,直至完成工件形状加工程序为止。 Spindle [0003] The general configuration of a discharge machining Z-axis, which is generally perpendicular to the fixed and an electrolytic cell composed of an XY plane, and the electrical discharge machine is generally controlled using a three-axis drive mechanism driven by an electrically conductive tool electrode, and an insulating medium is applied to the workpiece and rapidly varying periodic voltage pulses to release energy resulting in local temperature, so as to etch the surface of a metal other predetermined portion of the workpiece, the shape of the workpiece until the completion of the machining program. 请参阅图6所示的一般型的放电加工机,为一现有结构9,其所示的主轴91及电极92处为固定式,致无法加工形状复杂的工具,例如:一般现有放电加工机只能加工槽8的垂直面81,而无法加工出一斜壁面,如图7所示。 See Figure general type electric discharge machine shown in FIG. 6, 9 is a conventional structure, which is shown at 91 and the spindle 92 is fixed electrode, causing a complicated shape can not be processed tools, for example: a typical prior EDM processing machine only vertical groove 818, and a helical wall surface can not be processed, as shown in FIG. 另现有结构9的电解池93会因若突发装况时电极92释电过量,致电解池93易产生高温,而现有结构9未有任何防护措施,容易酿成火灾。 Another conventional structure 9 of the electrolysis cell electrode 93 due to the pyroelectric 92 if the sudden excess loading conditions, call the solution tank 93 is easy to produce a high temperature, and any conventional structure 9 No protective measures, easily lead to fire.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 因此,本创作的主要目的在于:提供手动型、经济型的一种动柱式放电加工机。 [0004] Accordingly, a primary object of the present writing is to: provide a manual type A moving column economical electric discharge machine. 本创作的次要目的在于:提供加工性能较佳的一种动柱式放电加工机。 Secondary purpose of this creation is to: provide better processing performance a movable column discharge machine. 本创作的另一目的在于:提供安全性较佳的一种动柱式放电加工机。 Another object of the present writing is to: provide a better security column movable electrical discharge machine.

[0005] 本创作人为实施上述目的,创作出一种动柱式放电加工机,包含有:1. 一种动柱式放电加工机,包含有:一基座,该基座上设有一X轴滑座,又该X轴滑座的前方设有一电解池,并于电解池内设有一工件平台;一Y轴滑座,该Y轴滑座置于该X轴滑座的上方且呈垂直交叉状,又该Y轴滑座前端上设有一旋转座;及一主轴,该主轴的一下端设有一电极,且该主轴上设有一Z轴滑座,又该主轴的后方固设于旋转座上,致该主轴得相对于电解池作角度旋转;由工件平台固定一工件,再经该主轴得相对于该工件作角度旋转,使该主轴的电极对该工件作斜进刀,进而对该工件放电加工出一斜壁面。 [0005] The above object of the present embodiment artificial creation, writing a kind of column moving electric discharge machine, comprising: A fixed column discharge machine, comprising: a base, an X axis is provided on the base carriage, should the front of the X-axis carriage is provided with an electrolytic cell, and in the electrolytic cell is provided with a work table; over a Y-axis slide, a Y-axis of the X-axis disposed in the slide and slide in a vertical interdigitated , should the Y-axis slide provided with a rotating base on the distal end; and a spindle, a lower end of the spindle is provided with an electrode, and is provided with a Z-axis slide on the spindle, should the spindle is fixed to the rear seat of rotation, the actuator spindle with respect to the cell as obtained rotation angle; fixing a workpiece by the workpiece platform, and then through the spindle rotation obtained angularly relative to the workpiece, the electrode the workpiece spindle for side feed, and further discharge the workpiece a machined oblique wall surface.

[0006] 以上所述旋转座位于从该主轴电极端起算占主轴总长(L)的1/5L至1/2L处,使该主轴上的Z轴滑座较有伸缩的空间,以提升放电加工可加工工件Z轴向深度的最大范围,该深度也包含有斜壁面Z轴向深度的最大深度。 [0006] The rotation of the seat in at least 1 / 5L to 1 / 2L starting accounting spindle total length (L) from the electrical terminal of the spindle, the Z-axis slide on the telescopic shaft has more space to improve discharge machining the maximum machinable workpiece Z axis depth range, the depth of the wall surface with the swash Z axial depth of the maximum depth. [0007] 以上所述旋转座更包含一组蜗杆、蜗轮、一旋转平台及至少一固定装置,且该旋转座的蜗杆的一端设有一手摇轮,且外露于该旋转盘,俾利操作技术人员的人工操作。 [0007] The rotating holder further comprises a set above the worm, worm wheel, a rotating platform and at least one fixing device and the rotating base end of the worm is provided with a hand wheel, and is exposed from the rotary disc, operating techniques serve Lee personnel manual.

[0008] 以上所述固定装置更包含一压抵块及一松紧杆,又该松紧杆呈L状且杆体的前端设有外螺纹,其分别穿过该压抵块所设的穿孔,最后结合于旋转座所设一凸耳的内螺纹孔内,而该压抵块得压抵旋转平台所设的凸缘。 [0008] The above device further comprises a fixing block and pressed against an elastic rod, should the tension rod and the rod as a front end of L-shaped member is provided with an external thread, which extend through the perforations of the block is established by pressure contact, and finally binding an internally threaded bore of a lug provided in the rotating base, and the block is pressed against the rotating platform have pressed against a flange provided.

[0009] 以上所述手摇轮设于面对放电加工机的一侧边,以符合操作技术人员的操作习惯,又该手摇轮及旋转平台凸缘的外周围设有划线刻度。 [0009] The above hand-wheel provided at a side facing the discharge processing machine operator to comply with the operating habits of the art, should the hand wheel and the outer periphery of the flange is provided with a rotating platform scribing scale.

[0010] 以上所述旋转座的底端固定于Y轴滑座的前端,该旋转座的旋转平台固设于主轴的后端。 [0010] The rotating holder above a bottom end fixed to the front end of the Y axis carriage, the rotation of the rotating base platform fixed to the rear end of the spindle.

[0011] 以上所述主轴的最大旋转角度为45度,以提升可加工斜壁面倾斜角度的最大范 [0011] The maximum rotation angle of the spindle is more than 45 degrees, in order to improve the processability of the inclination angle of the swash wall maximum norm

围。 Wai.

[0012] 以上所述动柱式放电加工机,另包含一连接板,其中该连接板设于旋转座、主轴之间,该连接板具有让主轴容易组装于旋转台的作用。 [0012] The movable column above electric discharge machine, further comprising a web, wherein the web disposed on the rotating base, between the main shaft, the connecting plate having a readily assembled to the spindle so that the turntable effect.

[0013] 兹由以上说明得知,本创作相较先前技术,确实可达到如下的功效: [0013] hereby informed that from the above description, the present creation compared to the prior art, can indeed achieve the following effects:

[0014] I.本创作最主要在Y轴滑座、主轴之间设有一旋转座,又该旋转座最主要由一组蜗杆、蜗轮及一旋转平台所组成,又该蜗杆的一端设有手摇轮以利于手动调整旋转座,让其主轴相对于电解池的作角度旋转以便对较复杂工件施工。 [0014] I. Creation of the present is provided with a main rotating base, should the main rotating base by a set of worm and worm wheel consisting of a rotating platform between the Y-axis slide, the spindle, should the hand end of the worm is provided with shake the wheel to facilitate manual adjustment rotating base, let the spindle angularly with respect to the rotation of the electrolytic cell construction of more complex workpieces. 又该旋转座组成结构简单,致本创作的动柱式放电加工机,整体可大幅降低其成本价格。 Should the rotating base structure consisting of a simple, dynamic creation of this induced electric discharge machine column, which can significantly reduce the overall cost price.

[0015] 2.本创作的旋转盘设于主轴全长的三分之一,且从该主轴电极端起算,且可调整主轴的倾斜角度为45°,可放电加工出较多且深度较深的各种斜壁面。 [0015] 2. The rotary disk is provided in the creation of a third of the entire length of the main shaft, and starting from the electric terminal of the main shaft, the inclination angle of the spindle is adjustable and 45 °, a discharge machining can be more deep and the depth various oblique wall.

[0016] 3.本创作的主轴底端的二侧各设有一灭火器,该灭火器具有感知周围环境温度,若于放电加工的过程中,若电极异常放电致电解池产生高温,若达预设的温度将触动该灭火器喷出灭火剂,以事先防范电解池的火灾发生。 The bottom sides of the spindle [0016] 3. The creation each provided with a fire extinguisher, the fire extinguisher having a sensing the ambient temperature, if in the process of electric discharge machining, when the discharge electrode abnormal high temperature electrolytic cell phone, when a pre-set temperature the touch extinguisher discharging extinguishing agent to pre-empt an electrolytic cell fire.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图I为本创作较佳实施例的立体外观图。 [0017] Figure I a perspective external view of a preferred embodiment of the present embodiment creation.

[0018] 图2为本创作较佳实施例的侧视平面图。 [0018] FIG. 2 is a side plan view of the creation of the preferred embodiment.

[0019]图3为本创作的旋转盘、主轴及连接板的分解示意图。 [0019] Figure 3 is an exploded view of the rotary disc creation, the main shaft and the connecting plate.

[0020] 图3a为本创作的旋转盘结构分解的示意图。 [0020] FIG. 3a rotating disk structure of the present Creation schematic exploded.

[0021] 图4为本创作主轴,由旋转盘手动调整的最大角度范围的示意图。 [0021] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the maximum angular range of adjustment by the manual rotation of the disc-based authoring spindle.

[0022] 图5为本创作较佳实施例的放电加工的示意图。 [0022] FIG. 5 shows the preferred embodiment schematic diagram of the creation of electrical discharge machining.

[0023] 图6为现有放电加工机的立体图外观。 [0023] FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing an appearance of the conventional electrical discharge machine.

[0024] 图7为现有放电加工机的放电加工的示意图。 [0024] FIG. 7 is a conventional electric discharge machining of the electric discharge machine of FIG.

[0025] 附图标记说明 [0025] REFERENCE NUMERALS

[0026] 本创作 [0026] Creation of the present

[0027] 基座I ;加工平台10 ;X轴滑座11 ;电解池12 ;壁板121 ;电解液122 ;工件平台13Y ;轴滑座2 ;旋转座3 ;本体30 ;凸耳301 ;蜗轮31 ;蜗杆32 ;手摇轮33 ;画线刻度331 ;旋转平台34 ;画线刻度341 ;凸缘342 ;固定装置35 ;压抵块351 ;松紧杆352 ;主轴4 ;电极41Z ;轴滑座42 ;连接板43 ;灭火器44 ;工件5 ;斜壁面51 ;电脑控制器6 ;角度Θ ;总长L ;[0028] 现有 [0027] base I; working platform 10; X-axis slide 11; 12 cell; panel 121; electrolyte 122; 13Y workpiece platform; 2-axis slide; rotating base 3; body 30; 301 lug; Worm 31; worm 32; hand wheel 33; 331 scale objects; rotating platform 34; draw a line scale 341; 342 flange; fixing means 35; 351 pressed against the block; elastic rod 352; spindle 4; electrode 41Z; axis slide 42; web 43; 44 extinguishers; workpiece 5; oblique wall 51; computer controller 6; angle [Theta]; overall length L; [0028] existing

[0029] 槽8 ;垂直面81 ;现有结构9 ;主轴91 ;电极92 ;电解池93。 [0029] The groove 8; the vertical surface 81; conventional structure 9; 91 spindle; electrode 92; 93 cell.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0030] 为进一步说明本创作上述目的、所运用技术手段及其达成功效,本创作人将举较佳实施例予以详细说明如后: [0030] To further illustrate the creation of the above-described object, the use of technical means to achieve its effect, the creation of the present embodiment will be cited preferred embodiments described in detail later:

[0031] 首先,请参阅图1、2、3所示,为本创作关于一种动柱式放电加工机,其包含有:一基座I、一X轴滑座11、一Y轴滑座2、一旋转座3及一主轴4 ;其中, [0031] First, refer to FIG. 2, 3, the movable column relates to an electric discharge machine of the present writing, comprising: a base I, an X-axis slide 11, a Y-axis slide 2, a rotating base 3 and a shaft 4; wherein,

[0032] 该基座I的电解池12的后端设有一X轴滑座11,该X轴滑座11略短于该电解池12的长度,又该X轴滑座11的前方所设的电解池12,最主要由四块壁板121围绕于加工平台10的四周围而呈池槽状,得以盛装电解液122。 [0032] The rear end of the base I electrolytic cell 12 is provided with an X-axis slide 11, the X-axis slide 11 is slightly shorter than the length of the cell 12, should the X-axis slide 11 in front of the set of electrolytic cell 12, the main form 121 is surrounded by the four trough-shaped wall around four working platform 10, containing an electrolyte is 122. 而在加工平台10上又设有一工件平台13,俾供以固定工件5 ; While on the stage 10 and is provided with a work table 13, serve for holding the workpiece 5;

[0033] 该Y轴滑座2,该Y轴滑座2置于该X轴滑座11的上方且与X轴滑座11呈垂直交叉状,基本上,该Y轴滑座2的长度与X轴滑座11的相同,又在该Y轴滑座2的前端设有旋转座3 ; [0033] The Y-axis slide base 2, the Y-axis slide 2 is placed above the X-axis slide 11 and the X-axis slide 11 in a vertical cross-shaped, substantially, the length of the Y-axis slide 2 and the same X-axis slide 11, and the front end of the Y-axis slide base 2 is provided with a rotary 3;

[0034] 该旋转座3,固设于Y轴滑座2、主轴4之间,也即旋转座3的后端由多个螺栓连接于Y轴滑座2的前端,而旋转座3的旋转平台34则由多个螺丝固定于主轴4后端的中间板43,如图2、3所示。 [0034] The rotating base 3 is fixed on the Y-axis slide base 2, between the main shaft 4, i.e., the rear end of the rotating base 3 are connected by a plurality of bolts to the front end of the Y-axis slide base 2, and rotating the rotating base 3 internet by more than 34 intermediate plate screwed to the spindle 4 of a rear end 43, shown in Figure 2,3. 又如图3a所示,该旋转座3最主要由一本体30内设有一组蜗杆32、蜗轮31 —旋转平台34及二固定装置35所构成,其中,该蜗轮31中心内设一轴承以供本体30转轴穿伸接合,另该蜗杆32穿伸至少二轴承,且置于蜗轮31的底下,且其各转轴互呈十字垂直交叉,又该蜗杆32的一端穿伸凸露于本体30外,然后再于该端装设有一手摇轮33,致该手摇轮33位于面对放电加工机的一侧边(以设置于面对放电加工机的左方为较佳),以符合操作技术人员的操作习惯。 Another example is shown in Figure 3a, the rotating base 3 by a main body 30 equipped with a set of a worm 32, the worm wheel 31 - the rotating platform 34 and two fastening means 35 constituted, wherein the center includes a worm gear 31 for bearing engaging shaft body 30 extending through the other of the worm extends through at least two bearings 32, and disposed below the worm wheel 31, and which cross each was cross perpendicularly intersecting the shaft, should the end of the worm 32 extending through the projection 30 exposed outside the body, and then mounted to the end Marketer cradle wheel 33, the hand wheel actuator 33 is positioned to face a side of the electrical discharge machine (to the left is provided to face the electrical discharge machine is preferred), in order to meet the operational technology operating habits personnel. 特别一提,该固定装置35更包含一压抵块351及一松紧杆352,又该松紧杆352呈L状且杆体的前端设有外螺纹,其分别穿过该压抵块351所设的穿孔,最后结合于本体30所设一凸耳301的内螺纹孔内,而该压抵块351得压抵旋转平台34所设的凸缘342。 Special mention, the fixing device 35 further comprises a block 351 and pressed against an elastic rod 352, should the tension lever 352 as a L-shaped rod body and the tip is provided with an external thread, which extend through the block 351 is pressed against the set of perforation. Finally a threaded hole in the lug 301 of the body 30 is provided, which is pressed against the block 351 to obtain the rotating platform 34 is pressed against a flange 342 provided. 当操作技术人员摇动旋转该手摇轮33,进而连动蜗杆32旋转,之后再带动蜗轮31旋转,该蜗轮31再连动旋转平台34,最后再连动主轴4后端的中间板43,进而让主轴4旋转一角度,最后再以二固定装置35固定旋转平台34,以完成主轴4角度的调整;又该手摇轮33、旋转平台34的周围分别设有画线刻度331、341,以利操作技术人员对该主轴4得相对于电解池12作角度旋转;特别一提,该旋转座位于从该主轴电极端起算占主轴总长(L)的1/5L至1/2L处,使该主轴4上的Z轴滑座42有较大伸缩的空间,以提升放电加工可加工工件Z轴向深度的最大范围,该深度也包含有斜壁面Z轴向深度的最大深度;及 When rotating the operator skill swinging the hand wheel 33, thereby interlocking rotation of the worm 32, the worm wheel 31 is rotated after then drive the worm gear 31 and then interlocking the rotating platform 34, and finally the rear end of the interlocking shaft 4 of the intermediate plate 43, thereby allowing the a rotation angle of the main shaft 4, and finally a rotating platform 35 is fixed to two fixing means 34, to complete the adjustment of the angle of the main shaft 4; should the hand wheel 33, respectively, around the rotating platform 34 is provided with a scale drawing lines 331 and 341, to facilitate operator skill to obtain the spindle 4 with respect to the cell 12 as the angle of rotation; special mention, the rotating seat is located at 1 / 5L to 1 / 2L starting accounting spindle total length (L) from the electrical terminal of the spindle so that the spindle Z-axis slide 442 on retractable larger space to enhance the range of the maximum machinable workpiece discharge machining depth Z axis, which also includes the maximum depth of the depth of the oblique wall surface of the axial depth Z; and

[0035] 该主轴4,该主轴4的一端设有一电极41,且该主轴4上设有一Z轴滑座42,又该Z轴滑座42由一连接板43及多个螺栓,较为容易将主轴4固设于旋转座3的旋转平台30上,该Z轴滑座42的主要作用是让电极41相对于工件5作进刀或退刀;通常而言,该主轴4可藉旋转座3的最大旋转角度为45度,以提升可加工斜壁面倾斜角度的最大范围,如图4所示。 [0035] The main shaft 4, one end of the main shaft 4 is provided with an electrode 41, and the spindle 4 is provided with a Z-axis slide 42, should the Z axis slide 42 by a web 43 and a plurality of bolts, it is easy to 4 spindle rotating base fixed to the rotating platform 303, the main effect of the Z-axis slide 42 so that the electrode 41 relative to the workpiece 5 for feed or retraction; typically, the shaft 4 may, by rotating base 3 the maximum rotation angle is 45 degrees, the maximum extent to improve the processability of the inclination angle of the swash wall surface, as shown in FIG.

[0036] 由设于基座I的加工平台10上的工件平台13固定一工件5,通常电解池12得注入约八到九分满的电解液122,而工件5得没入于电解液122中,而主轴4尚未加工时,位于电解池12的上方。 [0036] From a workpiece 13 is fixed on the work table 5 is provided in the base 10 of the work stage I, the cell 12 typically have from about eight to nine minutes is injected over the electrolyte 122 and the workpiece submerged in the electrolyte 5 have 122 , while the main shaft 4 has not been processed, it is located above the electrolytic cell 12. 一般而言,X轴滑座11、Y轴滑座2、Ζ轴滑座42的内部均皆设有滚珠螺杆、伺服马达、光学尺,又该伺服马达、光学尺与电脑控制器6作电性连接,进而控制滚珠螺杆的转数,以使X轴滑座11定出主轴4的X座标,以使该Y轴滑座2定出主轴4的Y座标,以使该Z轴滑座42定出主轴4的Z座标。 Generally, X-axis slide 11, Y-axis slide 2, the internal Ζ axis slide 42 are both provided with a ball screw, servo motor, optical scale, should the servomotor, the optical scale and the computer controller 6 for electrically connected so as to control the number of revolutions of the ball screw, so that the X-axis slider 11 fix the X coordinate of the spindle 4, so that the Y-axis slide 2 Y coordinate fix shaft 4, so that the Z-axis slide fix the seat 42 of the spindle 4 Z coordinates. 换言之,由电脑控制器6输入程式及主轴4的X、Υ、Ζ的移动座标,再经由电脑控制器6控制主轴4的Χ、Υ、Ζ的进刀量,进而对工件5放电加工出所需的形体。 In other words, the computer program and the controller input shaft 6 X 4, the mobile coordinate Υ, Ζ, and then the computer controller 6 via the control spindle infeed Χ, Υ, Ζ 4, further illustrating the electric discharge machining of the workpiece 5 the required form.

[0037] 请参阅图5所示,若欲对工件5加工一斜壁面51,则视斜壁面51所倾斜的角度Θ,操作技术人员则由操作旋转座3的手摇轮33,且一般操作一边观看旋转座3的刻度,而将主轴4得相对于电解池12作Θ角度旋转,然后主轴4的Z轴滑座42重复对工件5作一斜Z向的深度加工,进而加工出斜壁面51。 [0037] Please refer to FIG. 5, 5 Ruoyu workpiece machining an oblique wall surface 51, the inclined wall surface 51 depending on the angle of inclination [Theta], by the operation of operator skill hand wheel rotating base 333, and the general operation while watching the scale of the rotating base 3 and the spindle 4 obtained with respect to the cell 12 for Θ angle of rotation, and the spindle Z-axis slide 42 of the repeat as a swash Z direction of the workpiece 5 deep processing, and further processed inclined wall 51.

[0038] 另于主轴4底端的二侧各设有一灭火器44,该灭火器44具有感知周围环境温度,若于放电加工的过程中,若电极41异常放电致电解池12产生高温,若达预设的温度将触动该灭火器44喷出灭火剂,以事先防范电解池12的火灾发生,以提升本创作放电加工机的安全性能。 [0038] The other two sides at the bottom end of the spindle 4 is provided with a respective fire extinguisher 44, the extinguisher 44 having sensing the ambient temperature, if in the process of electric discharge machining, when the discharge electrode contact 41 is abnormal high temperature electrolytic cell 12, if a preset the temperature of the touch extinguisher discharging extinguishing agent 44, to prevent the cell 12 prior fire occurs, in order to improve the safety performance of this writing discharge machine.

[0039] 综合以上所述实施例,本创作关于一种动柱式放电加工机,透过Y轴滑座、主轴之间设一旋转座,又该旋转座最主要由一组蜗杆、蜗轮所组成,可让操作技术人员手动调整主轴相对于电解池的旋转角度,以便对较复杂工件的斜壁面施工。 [0039] Based on the above described embodiments, the present writing relates to a movable column discharge machining through the Y-axis slide, a rotating base disposed between the main shaft, should the main rotating base by a set of worm, the worm wheel composition, allows the operator to manually adjust the art with respect to the spindle rotation angle of the electrolytic cell, so that the construction of the wall surface of the swash more complex parts. 又该旋转座的组成结构简单,致本创作的动柱式放电加工机,整体可大幅降低其价格。 Should the simple structure consisting of the rotating base, this induced creation movable column discharge machine, which can significantly reduce the overall price.

[0040] 以上对本实用新型的描述是说明性的,而非限制性的,本专业技术人员理解,在权利要求限定的精神与范围内可对其进行许多修改、变化或等效,但是它们都将落入本实用新型的保护范围内。 [0040] The above is the description of the present invention novel illustrative and not restrictive, those skilled in the art understand, within the spirit and scope defined in the claims may be many modifications, variations, or equivalent, but they all fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. 一种动柱式放电加工机,其特征在于,包含有: 一基座,该基座上设有一X轴滑座,又该X轴滑座的前方设有一电解池,并于电解池内设有一工件平台; 一Y轴滑座,该Y轴滑座置于该X轴滑座的上方且呈垂直交叉状,又该Y轴滑座前端上设有一旋转座'及一主轴,该主轴的一下端设有一电极,且该主轴上设有一Z轴滑座,又该主轴的后方固设于旋转座上,致该主轴得相对于电解池作角度旋转。 A movable discharge machine column, characterized in that, comprising: a base, the base is provided on a forward X-axis slide, should the X-axis carriage is provided with an electrolytic cell, and in the electrolytic cell It is provided with a work table; over a Y-axis slide, a Y-axis of the X-axis disposed in the slide carriage is provided with a rotating base and showed 'and a spindle, should the front end of the Y-axis carriage perpendicularly interdigitated, the spindle the lower end is provided with an electrode, and the carriage is provided, should the rear of a Z-axis spindle fixed to the rotary shaft seat, the actuator shaft with respect to the cell as obtained rotation angle.
2.依据权利要求I所述动柱式放电加工机,其特征在于,该旋转座位于从该主轴电极端起算占主轴总长L的1/5L至1/2L处,使该主轴上的Z轴滑座有伸缩的空间,以提升放电加工能加工工件Z轴向深度的最大范围,该深度也包含有斜壁面Z轴向深度的最大深度。 2. The actuator according to claim I column discharge machine, characterized in that, at the rotation starting accounting on the seat from the electric terminal of the total length L of Spindle 1 / 5L to 1 / 2L, the Z-axis of the spindle telescopic slide space to enhance the electric discharge machining of the workpiece can be processed Z axial depth of the maximum range, the depth of the wall surface with the swash Z axial depth of the maximum depth.
3.依据权利要求I所述动柱式放电加工机,其特征在于,该旋转座更包含一组蜗杆、蜗轮、一旋转平台及至少一固定装置,且该旋转座的蜗杆的一端设有一手摇轮,且外露于该旋转盘。 I 3. The movable column according to claim discharge machine, wherein the holder further comprises a set of rotating the worm, the worm wheel, a rotating platform and at least one fixing means, and the rotating base end of the worm is provided with hand shake wheel and exposed from the rotating disk.
4.依据权利要求3所述动柱式放电加工机,其特征在于,该固定装置更包含一压抵块及一松紧杆,又该松紧杆呈L状且杆体的前端设有外螺纹,其分别穿过该压抵块所设的穿孔,结合于旋转座所设一凸耳的内螺纹孔内,而该压抵块得压抵旋转平台所设的凸缘。 The column 3 movable electrical discharge machine according to claim 4, wherein the fixing device further comprises a pressing block against a tension rod and, should the tension rod and the rod as a front end of L-shaped member is provided with an external thread, which pass through the perforations against the pressing block is provided, in conjunction with the internally threaded bore of the rotating base a lug provided, which is pressed against the rotating block is pressed against the platform have a flange provided.
5.依据权利要求4所述动柱式放电加工机,其特征在于,该手摇轮设于面对放电加工机的一侧边,又该手摇轮及旋转平台凸缘的外周围设有划线刻度。 The movable column according to claim 4 is provided with an electric discharge machine as claimed in claim, characterized in that the outer hand wheel is provided around a side face of the electrical discharge machine, and the rotary platform should the hand wheel flange crossed scale.
6.依据权利要求3所述动柱式放电加工机,其特征在于,该旋转座的底端固定于Y轴滑座的前端,该旋转座的旋转平台固设于主轴的后端。 The movable column 6. 3 electric discharge machine according to claim, characterized in that the bottom end of the rotating base is fixed to the tip of the Y-axis slide, rotating the rotating platform base is fixed to the rear end of the spindle.
7.依据权利要求1-6中任一项所述动柱式放电加工机,其特征在于,该主轴的最大旋转角度为45度。 The actuator claimed in any one column discharge machine according to claim 7, characterized in that the maximum rotation angle of the shaft is 45 degrees.
8.依据权利要求1-6中任一项所述动柱式放电加工机,其特征在于,另包含一连接板,其中该连接板设于旋转座、主轴之间。 The actuator claimed in any one column discharge machine according to claim 8, characterized in that, further comprising a web, wherein the web disposed on the rotating base, between the main shaft.
CN 201220278683 2012-06-13 2012-06-13 Movable column type electric discharge machine CN202684247U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104227154A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-12-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Portable machining and observation integrated micro-miniature numerical control electric erosion machining machine tool

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104227154A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-12-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Portable machining and observation integrated micro-miniature numerical control electric erosion machining machine tool
CN104227154B (en) * 2014-08-04 2016-08-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Portable processing observation integration microminiature numerical control galvanic corrosion machining tool

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