CN202661360U - Improved soil water infiltration detecting device - Google Patents

Improved soil water infiltration detecting device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202661360U
CN202661360U CN 201220384865 CN201220384865U CN202661360U CN 202661360 U CN202661360 U CN 202661360U CN 201220384865 CN201220384865 CN 201220384865 CN 201220384865 U CN201220384865 U CN 201220384865U CN 202661360 U CN202661360 U CN 202661360U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
supply tank
output device
permanent
water infiltration
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220384865
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何淑勤
郑子成
黄成龙
宫渊波
李贤伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Sichuan Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Agricultural University filed Critical Sichuan Agricultural University
Priority to CN 201220384865 priority Critical patent/CN202661360U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202661360U publication Critical patent/CN202661360U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to an improved soil water infiltration detecting device which is an improvement of the traditional test device and particularly relates to an improved soil water infiltration detecting device which is convenient to operate, accurate in detection and is used for detecting soil water infiltration. The improved soil water infiltration detecting device comprises inner-ring and outer-ring equipment, water supply box system and constant water outputting equipment, wherein a constant water bottle (13) of the constant water outputting equipment is connected below a flow control valve (7) of the water supply box system, and waterhead of the constant water outputting equipment is injected into soil fixed by the inner-ring and outer-ring equipment. The improved soil water infiltration detecting device is simple in structure and convenient to operate and is time-saving, labor-saving and low in water consumption during the soil water infiltration detection process; in addition, the improved soil water infiltration detecting device can avoid the waste of human resources and overcome influence on precision, is high is precision and has a certain automation degree.

Description

A kind of improved water infiltration determinator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of improved water infiltration determinator, is the improvement to existing test unit, is specifically related to a kind of easy to operate, a kind of improved water infiltration determinator of measuring accurately, being applicable to measure water infiltration.
Background technology
Infiltrate and refer to that moisture enters the process that soil forms the holard, it is the important step that precipitation, the day water, the holard and underground water transform mutually.The infiltrating that performance has a strong impact on runoff yield and to the supply of soil moisture, be one of important indicator of estimating the soil moisture regulating power of soil.Water infiltration performance, water infiltration process and penetrating power have determined rainwash level, soil water storage and the underground supply of groundwater in rainfall process and the reallocation.Water infiltration has important theory and realistic meaning for reducing rainwash, prevent the soil erosion and doing the aspect such as improvement of the ecological environment well.At present in this area research, its method for measuring comprises that mainly dicyclo method, Rainfall simulator, disk infiltrate method.The Rainfall simulator equipment needed thereby relates to rainfall, runoff scope etc., and requisite space is large, and is consuming time, water consumption is large.Disk infiltrates in the method mensuration process, is easy to occur side leakage, affects measurement result.The dicyclo method because the protective effect of outer shroud is arranged, is the main method of measuring at present water infiltration.But there is following defective in the determinator from existing this method: existing device only is used for separately study condition, lacks universality; Head is unstable, and is serious to destruction of surface, affects measurement result; Measuring accuracy and automatization level are lower; When device is measured in the past, time-consuming, water consumption is large.
Summary of the invention
The utility model purpose is carried out improved a kind of mensuration water infiltration determinator for the shortcoming of present determinator.
Concrete technical scheme of the present utility model is as follows:
A kind of improved water infiltration determinator, formed by interior ring, outer ring apparatus, supply tank system and permanent water output device three parts, the flowrate control valve below of supply tank system connects the permanent water bottle of permanent water output device, ring, the fixing soil of outer ring apparatus in the head of permanent water output device injects by the grid dish.
Interior ring, outer ring apparatus are comprised of interior ring, outer shroud, lifting jack, jack stand and variable valve five parts, and inner ring sleeve places in the outer shroud, directly over jack stand is set, lifting jack is laid in support below, and variable valve is set directly over the lifting jack.By jack stand and variable valve and interior ring, outer shroud scale, under the lifting jack effect, slowly interior ring, outer shroud are pressed into the soil body, can overcome preferably disturbance and destruction to the earth's surface.
The supply tank system is comprised of supply tank casing, level sensor, flowrate control valve and scale glass tube, output device, supply tank casing outside configuration scale glass tube, under flowrate control valve is set, the position arranges level sensor directly over the supply tank casing left side, and level sensor links to each other with output device.During water infiltration, can pass through the related data of level sensor, flowrate control valve and scale glass tube, in conjunction with the conversion values of output device writing time and SEA LEVEL VARIATION, can ask the variation of calculating the water yield corresponding to different time, can obtain the water infiltration situation.
Permanent water output device is comprised of support, hydraulic pressure button, hydraulic means, permanent water bottle, water valve, grid dish, and hydraulic means is placed on the support, the fixing permanent water bottle in hydraulic means side top, and permanent water bottle below arranges water valve, and water valve is connected to the grid dish.Permanent water bottle can realize that different head Water Unders divide the mensuration of infiltration process by hydraulic pressure button and hydraulic means by stent support.Permanent water bottle water flow is regulated by water valve, gently imports interior ring and outer shroud by the graticule mesh dish, avoids water body to wash away causing surface crust with quick moistening earth's surface and affects the mensuration of water infiltration.
Supply tank: the bottom is provided with flowrate control valve, and the side is equipped with level sensor, leaves aperture in the bottom simultaneously, links to each other with the side glass pipe, and indicates different scales, to realize that the different water yields supply water and the automatic mensuration of water loss.Permanent water bottle: stream by stablizing of supply tank, water is imported in the permanent water bottle by pipeline, the top is provided with scale mark in permanent water bottle, and guaranteed water level is stabilized in this scale, and the bottom connects the graticule mesh dish by water valve.Support: be used for supporting supply tank and permanent water bottle, by small-sized hydraulic device and hydraulic pressure button control, but the height of regulating constant water bottle, to satisfy the demand that supplies water under the different in moisture infiltration measuring condition.The graticule mesh dish: with the aquifer yield in the permanent water bottle by the graticule mesh dish, the graticule mesh dish is to have the closed container that diameter is the aperture of 2.5mm at one at bottom even, purpose is in the water in the permanent water bottle slowly and is equably imported in ring and the outer shroud, avoids water body to wash away causing surface crust with quick moistening earth's surface and affects the mensuration of water infiltration.Interior ring and outer shroud: interior ring and outer shroud are stainless steels, the bottom is provided with cutting edge, when burying in order to overcome interior ring and outer shroud to the destruction of soil structures, this device passes through jack device in the above, acting in conjunction at jack stand, variable valve, be pressed into the soil body, and be provided with scale at interior ring, outer shroud.Output device: by the data of level sensor acquisition and the time of record, can obtain water infiltration situation under the different condition.In the implementation process, first interior ring and outer shroud gently are pressed into following 5cm place, earth's surface with interior ring and outer shroud by lifting jack, then pass through the height of bracket adjustment supply tank and permanent water bottle, after reaching proper height, the flowrate control valve of supply tank bottom is opened, guaranteed that permanent water bottle middle water level is in the scale mark place.Then open the valve under the permanent water bottle, under guaranteeing permanent water bottle water level controlled condition, water is entered in the graticule mesh dish, water is added to half scale place of interior ring and outer shroud by the graticule mesh dish, regulate the flowrate control valve of supply tank, and open water level sensor, the variation of record per minute water level is to realize the mensuration of water infiltration.
The utility model device can overcome water body and wash away and cause surface crust with quick moistening earth's surface and destroy the drawbacks such as soil structures that this test unit is compared with existing equipment, has the following advantages: the mensuration that can satisfy the indoor and outdoor water infiltration; Can realize preferably the mensuration of water infiltration under the different condition.Head is stable, overcomes disturbance and destruction to the earth's surface.Simultaneously this apparatus structure is simple, easy to operate, in the water infiltration mensuration process, saves time, saving of labor, water consumption be little.Both avoided the waste of human resources, and also overcome the impact of precision, precision is high, has certain automaticity.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is ring, outer shroud device structure synoptic diagram in this determinator.
Fig. 2 is this determinator supply tank system architecture synoptic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the permanent water output architecture of this determinator synoptic diagram.
Wherein, 1---interior ring, 2---outer shroud, 3---lifting jack, 4---jack stand, 5---variable valve, 6---level sensor, 7---flowrate control valve, 8---scale glass tube, 9---output device, 10---support, 11---hydraulic pressure button, 12---hydraulic means, 13---permanent water bottle, 14---water valve, 15---grid dish, 16---supply tank casing.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment.
A kind of improved water infiltration determinator, it is comprised of interior ring, outer ring apparatus, supply tank system and permanent water output device three parts, flowrate control valve 7 belows of supply tank system connect the permanent water bottle 13 of permanent water output device, ring, the fixing soil of outer ring apparatus in the head of permanent water output device injects by grid dish 15.
Interior ring, outer ring apparatus are comprised of interior ring 1, outer shroud 2, lifting jack 3, jack stand 4 and variable valve 5 five parts, and interior ring 1 is placed in the outer shroud 2, directly over jack stand 4 is set, lifting jack 3 is laid in support below, and variable valve 5 is set directly over the lifting jack 3.By jack stand 4 and variable valve 5 and interior ring, outer shroud scale, under lifting jack 3 effects, slowly interior ring, outer shroud are pressed into the soil body, can overcome preferably disturbance and destruction to the earth's surface.
The supply tank system is comprised of supply tank casing 16, level sensor 6, flowrate control valve 7 and scale glass tube 8, output device 9, supply tank casing 16 outsides configuration scale glass tube 8, under flowrate control valve 7 is set, the position arranges level sensor 6 directly over supply tank casing 16 left sides, and level sensor 6 links to each other with output device 9.During water infiltration, can pass through the related data of level sensor 6, flowrate control valve 7 and scale glass tube 8, in conjunction with the conversion values of output device writing time and SEA LEVEL VARIATION, can ask the variation of calculating the water yield corresponding to different time, can obtain the water infiltration situation.
Permanent water output device is comprised of support 10, hydraulic pressure button 11, hydraulic means 12, permanent water bottle 13, water valve 14, grid dish 15, hydraulic means 12 is placed on the support 10, the fixing permanent water bottle 13 in hydraulic means 12 sides top, permanent water bottle 13 belows arrange water valve 14, and water valve 14 is connected to grid dish 15.Permanent water bottle supports by support 10, can realize the mensuration that different head Water Unders divide infiltration process with hydraulic means 12 by hydraulic pressure button 11.Permanent water bottle water flow is regulated by water valve 14, encircles 1 and outer shroud 2 in gently importing by graticule mesh dish 15, avoids water body to wash away causing surface crust with quick moistening earth's surface and affects the mensuration of water infiltration.
The utility model device can overcome water body and wash away and cause surface crust with quick moistening earth's surface and destroy the drawbacks such as soil structures that this test unit is compared with existing equipment, has the following advantages: the mensuration that can satisfy the indoor and outdoor water infiltration; Can realize preferably the mensuration of water infiltration under the different condition.Head is stable, overcomes disturbance and destruction to the earth's surface.Simultaneously this apparatus structure is simple, easy to operate, in the water infiltration mensuration process, saves time, saving of labor, water consumption be little.Both avoided the waste of human resources, and also overcome the impact of precision, precision is high, has certain automaticity.

Claims (4)

1. an improved water infiltration determinator is comprised of interior ring, outer ring apparatus, supply tank system and permanent water output device three parts, it is characterized in that; The flowrate control valve of supply tank system (7) below connects the permanent water bottle (13) of permanent water output device, ring, the fixing soil of outer ring apparatus in the head of permanent water output device injects by grid dish (15).
2. a kind of improved water infiltration determinator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: interior ring, outer ring apparatus are comprised of interior ring (1), outer shroud (2), lifting jack (3), jack stand (4) and variable valve (5) five parts, interior ring (1) is placed in the outer shroud (2), directly over jack stand (4) is set, lifting jack (3) is laid in the support below, and variable valve (5) is set directly over the lifting jack (3).
3. a kind of improved water infiltration determinator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the supply tank system is by supply tank casing (16), level sensor (6), flowrate control valve (7) and scale glass tube (8), output device (9) forms, supply tank casing (16) outside configuration scale glass tube (8), under flowrate control valve (7) is set, the position arranges level sensor (6) directly over supply tank casing (16) left side, and level sensor (6) links to each other with output device (9).
4. a kind of improved water infiltration determinator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: permanent water output device is comprised of support (10), hydraulic pressure button (11), hydraulic means (12), permanent water bottle (13), water valve (14), grid dish (15), hydraulic means (12) is placed on the support (10), the fixing permanent water bottle (13) in hydraulic means (12) side top, permanent water bottle (13) below arranges water valve (14), and water valve (14) is connected to grid dish (15).
CN 201220384865 2012-07-27 2012-07-27 Improved soil water infiltration detecting device Expired - Fee Related CN202661360U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220384865 CN202661360U (en) 2012-07-27 2012-07-27 Improved soil water infiltration detecting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220384865 CN202661360U (en) 2012-07-27 2012-07-27 Improved soil water infiltration detecting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202661360U true CN202661360U (en) 2013-01-09

Family

ID=47456260

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220384865 Expired - Fee Related CN202661360U (en) 2012-07-27 2012-07-27 Improved soil water infiltration detecting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202661360U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103776747A (en) * 2014-01-15 2014-05-07 北京师范大学 Drip type soil infiltration measuring device
CN105067500A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-11-18 昆明理工大学 Detecting device for infiltration performance of earth pillar
CN106939590A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-07-11 湖南高速铁路职业技术学院 Determine the in situ detection device of soil layer infiltration coefficient
CN108444893A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-08-24 山西农业大学 A kind of reproducing area water infiltration detection device of detectable Different Strata

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103776747A (en) * 2014-01-15 2014-05-07 北京师范大学 Drip type soil infiltration measuring device
CN105067500A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-11-18 昆明理工大学 Detecting device for infiltration performance of earth pillar
CN106939590A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-07-11 湖南高速铁路职业技术学院 Determine the in situ detection device of soil layer infiltration coefficient
CN108444893A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-08-24 山西农业大学 A kind of reproducing area water infiltration detection device of detectable Different Strata

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102726273B (en) Decision-making method for soil moisture monitoring and intelligent irrigation of root zone of crop
CN202661360U (en) Improved soil water infiltration detecting device
CN101598587B (en) Multi-water level vegetation evapotranspiration measuring device
CN202257185U (en) Weighting type lysimeter monitoring system based on programmable logic controller
CN102253180B (en) Remote real-time monitoring system for soil runoff
CN203929586U (en) A kind of soil infiltration automatic water supplement and measurement mechanism
CN103344538A (en) Multifunctional unsaturated soil permeameter and testing method thereof
CN201340383Y (en) Double-ring soil infiltration runoff measuring instrument
CN104111205A (en) Digital multichannel acquisition instrument of plant moisture evaporation and soil leakage
CN105136638A (en) Tailing dam seepage filed similarity simulation test system and tailing dam seepage filed similarity simulation test method
CN203011477U (en) Water level automatically measuring device for farmland
CN203705435U (en) Surface subsidence simulation test device
CN103822845B (en) Anisotropy measurement device and measurement method of hydraulic characteristic of unsaturated soil body
CN102495196A (en) Field water evapotranspiration detection method and device for paddy fields
CN203275228U (en) Collector for plant water evaporation and soil percolation
CN205483912U (en) Probe test device of air humidity to influence of capillary liter on water
CN102435540A (en) Measurement system and method for permeability coefficient of shallow-layer sand soil
CN101845949B (en) Indoor simulation device for testing injection/pressure fall of coal bed methane
CN103616495A (en) Device for simulating soil nutrient transfer rule
CN105259088A (en) Method and device for quickly determining permeability functions of unsaturated soil
CN202648912U (en) Artificial rainfall radial flow soil water motion simulation experiment system
CN110824191B (en) Layered velocity meter
CN209945939U (en) Unsaturated original-state soil column test system for measuring rainfall infiltration wetting front
CN204008399U (en) A kind of soil permeability coefficient is measured integrated apparatus in batches
CN204064403U (en) A kind of integrated apparatus measured for natural river course water-level high precision

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130109

Termination date: 20130727