CN202648907U - Automatic falling ball impact testing machine - Google Patents

Automatic falling ball impact testing machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202648907U
CN202648907U CN 201220335565 CN201220335565U CN202648907U CN 202648907 U CN202648907 U CN 202648907U CN 201220335565 CN201220335565 CN 201220335565 CN 201220335565 U CN201220335565 U CN 201220335565U CN 202648907 U CN202648907 U CN 202648907U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
control
lifting
spacing
steel
falling
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220335565
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何瑄
闫松
廖拓
Original Assignee
广东省建筑科学研究院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广东省建筑科学研究院 filed Critical 广东省建筑科学研究院
Priority to CN 201220335565 priority Critical patent/CN202648907U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202648907U publication Critical patent/CN202648907U/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic falling ball impact testing machine which comprises a test piece support, a lifting device, a falling ball control device and a control system. The test piece support is positioned below the falling ball control device and used for supporting a test piece. The lifting device comprises an inverted U-shaped frame, a lifting motor, two guide rails and a lifting cross-bar, wherein the guide rails are vertically arranged on the inner side of the U-shaped frame, the lifting cross-bar is crosswise erected between the two guide rails, the lifting motor is fixedly mounted on the upper portion of the U-shaped frame and is connected with the lifting cross-bar by the aid of a steel wire rope, and the falling ball control device is fixedly mounted on the lifting cross-bar. A steel ball is arranged in the falling ball control device, a plurality of proximity sensors are arranged on one of the two guide rails at intervals from top to bottom, and the control system is respectively connected with the proximity sensors, the lifting motor and the falling ball control device. The testing machine is low in error and high in precision and working efficiency, and the steel ball can be automatically lifted to a specified altitude to impact the test piece below the steel ball.

Description

A kind of ball falling impact automatic testing machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of pick-up unit of material security performance, specifically refers to a kind of ball falling impact automatic testing machine.
Background technology
At present, whether many materials (such as glass etc.) need carry out the ball falling impact Performance Detection before use, up to standard to detect its security performance.At present, domestic when carrying out the ball falling impact Performance Detection, most detection methods that adopt are manually-operateds, and namely the hand-held steel ball of experimenter people stands in eminence and tests, and whole process of the test needs be cooperated manually to finish by need 2-3 people.There are the problems such as, inefficiency large such as personal error, precision are low, potential safety hazard in present this manually-operated test.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of ball falling impact automatic testing machine, this testing machine error is little, precision is high, high efficiency, test specimen below steel ball automatic lifting to the height of stipulating of different quality can being positioned at impact is to realize the ball falling impact performance automatic detection function of test specimen.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model realizes by the following technical solutions: a kind of ball falling impact automatic testing machine, it is characterized in that: this testing machine comprises sample stent, jacking gear, falling sphere control device and control system, sample stent is positioned at the below of falling sphere control device, be used for the support test specimen, described jacking gear comprises inverted U-shaped, lifting motor, vertically be arranged on two guide rails and the horizontal lifting cross bar of built between two guide rails of U-shaped inboard, lifting motor is fixedly mounted on U-shaped top, lifting motor is connected with described lifting cross bar by wire rope, driving the lifting cross bar slides up and down along two guide rails, described falling sphere control device is fixedly mounted on the lifting cross bar, driving the falling sphere control device when lifting cross bar slides up and down moves up and down synchronously, the falling sphere control device is built-in with steel ball, the falling sphere control device is used for built-in steel ball is discharged the test specimen that freely falls to impact below being positioned at, be arranged at intervals with a plurality of proximity transducers from top to bottom on wherein the guide rail in two guide rails, be used for the residing height and position of induction falling sphere control device, control system respectively with proximity transducer, lifting motor links to each other with the falling sphere control device, and described control system can receive the next signal of a plurality of proximity transducer transmission and can send instruction with control lifting motor and the action of falling sphere control device to lifting motor and falling sphere control device.
In the utility model, described falling sphere control device comprises sleeve, electromagnet, spacing iron block and two spacing steel axles, described upper cartridge is provided with the goal hole, lower cartridge is provided with installation frame and the support platform that exposes in the cylindrical shell outside, described installation frame is positioned at support platform top, described electromagnet is installed in the described installation frame, the hinged end of described two spacing steel axles is hinged on respectively on the described support platform, two spacing steel axles all stretch in the described sleeve away from an end of hinged end, steel ball in the support sleeve, sleeve lower end and spacing steel axle opposite position offer the arcuate socket that rotates for spacing steel axle, described spacing iron block is between the hinged end of two spacing steel axles, limiting spacing steel axle rotates, electromagnet is relative up and down with spacing iron block, electromagnet links to each other with control system, the instruction power on/off that described electromagnet can receiving control system sends is so that with spacing iron block adhesive or separate, two spacing steel axles can be after spacing iron block be upwards picked up by electromagnet under the steel ball Action of Gravity Field to the both sides rotating opening, so that steel ball falls.
In the utility model, described test specimen can be the test specimens such as glass test specimen, steel plate test specimen, aluminium test specimen, plastic samples, stone material test specimen.
In the utility model, described two ends, the lifting cross bar left and right sides and guide rail touching position are equipped with linear bearing, by the linear bearing built on two guide rails.
In the utility model, described U-shaped is steel bracket.
The utility model can be done following improvement: described a plurality of proximity transducers equidistantly distribute from top to bottom.
The utility model can be done following improvement: described sample stent height is adjustable, sample stent is comprised of stake body and setting nut, described stake body is square frame, described setting nut is four, four corresponding four corners that screw in the stake body lower surface of setting nut, described stake body is locked in the setting nut supporting, and can regulate the height of stake body.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following advantage:
(1) but testing machine of the present utility model only needs just complete operation of 1 people, improved work efficiency, compare with the way that the people who generally adopts now stands in eminence manual releasing steel ball and reduced potential safety hazard.
(2) testing machine of the present utility model adopts adjustable sample stent, guarantees the test specimen level and is positioned at zero point; Adopt proximity transducer induction falling sphere control device height, highly sensitive error is little, has improved test accuracy.
(3) testing machine falling sphere control device of the present utility model can rise to specified altitude assignment with steel ball automatically, and automatically discharges steel ball, gets back to initial position, and automaticity is higher.
(4) testing machine sleeve of the present utility model is replaceable, can use according to different needs the steel ball of different-diameter, and the ability of expanded function is stronger.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction synoptic diagram of the utility model testing machine;
Fig. 2 is the front view of the falling sphere control device in the utility model testing machine;
Fig. 3 is the side view of the falling sphere control device in the utility model testing machine;
Fig. 4 is a vertical view of the falling sphere control device in the utility model testing machine, and this moment, spacing iron block limited spacing steel axle rotation;
Fig. 5 is another vertical view of the falling sphere control device in the utility model testing machine, and this moment, spacing steel axle can rotate around jointed shaft;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the sleeve in the utility model testing machine.
Description of reference numerals
1, lifting motor; 2, guide rail; 3, wire rope; 4, linear bearing; 5, stake body;
6, setting nut; 7, U-shaped; 8, proximity transducer; 9, electromagnet;
10, sleeve; 11, control box; 12, test specimen; 13, lifting cross bar;
14, steel ball; 15, goal hole; 16, arcuate socket; 17, spacing iron block;
18, spacing steel axle; 19, installation frame; 20, support platform; 21, jointed shaft
Embodiment
Such as Fig. 1 to a kind of ball falling impact automatic testing machine shown in Figure 6, operation by system realizes the steel ball that diameter is different 14 automatic liftings to the height of regulation and drops on corresponding test specimen central spot, this testing machine comprises sample stent, jacking gear, falling sphere control device and control system, sample stent is positioned at the below of falling sphere control device, be used for support test specimen 12, jacking gear comprises inverted U-shaped 7, lifting motor 1, vertically be arranged on two guide rails 2 and the horizontal lifting cross bar 13 of built between two guide rails 2 of U-shaped 7 inboards, lifting cross bar two ends, 13 left and right sides and guide rail 2 touching positions are equipped with linear bearing 4, by linear bearing 4 builts on two guide rails 2, U-shaped 7 is steel bracket, lifting motor 1 is fixedly mounted on U-shaped 7 top, lifting motor 1 is connected with lifting cross bar 13 by wire rope 3, driving lifting cross bar 13 slides up and down along two guide rails 2, the falling sphere control device is fixedly mounted on the lifting cross bar 13, driving the falling sphere control device when lifting cross bar 13 slides up and down moves up and down synchronously, the falling sphere control device is built-in with steel ball 14, the falling sphere control device is used for built-in steel ball 14 is discharged the test specimen 12 that freely falls to impact below being positioned at, be arranged at intervals with a plurality of proximity transducers 8 from top to bottom on wherein the guide rail 2 in two guide rails 2, be used for the residing height and position of induction falling sphere control device, a plurality of proximity transducers 8 equidistantly distribute from top to bottom, control system respectively with proximity transducer 8, lifting motor 1 links to each other with the falling sphere control device, control system can receive the next signal of a plurality of proximity transducer 8 transmission and can send instruction with control lifting motor 1 and the action of falling sphere control device to lifting motor 1 and falling sphere control device, and the test specimen 12 in the present embodiment is the glass test specimen.
In the present embodiment, the falling sphere control device comprises sleeve 10, electromagnet 9, spacing iron block 17 and two spacing steel axles 18, sleeve 10 tops are provided with goal hole 15, sleeve 10 bottoms are provided with installation frame 19 and the support platform 20 that exposes in the cylindrical shell outside, installation frame 19 is positioned at support platform 20 tops, electromagnet 9 is installed in the installation frame 19, the hinged end of two spacing steel axles 18 is hinged on the support platform 20 by jointed shaft 21 respectively, two spacing steel axles 18 all stretch in the sleeve 10 away from an end of hinged end, steel ball 14 in the support sleeve 10, sleeve 10 lower ends and spacing steel axle 18 opposite positions offer the arcuate socket 16 that rotates for spacing steel axle 18, spacing iron block 17 is between the hinged end of two spacing steel axles 18, limiting spacing steel axle 18 rotates, electromagnet 9 is relative up and down with spacing iron block 17, electromagnet 9 links to each other with control system, the instruction power on/off that electromagnet 9 can receiving control system sends is so that with spacing iron block 17 adhesives or separate, two spacing steel axles 18 can be after spacing iron block 17 be upwards picked up by electromagnet 9 under steel ball 14 Action of Gravity Fields to the both sides rotating opening, so that steel ball 14 falls.
In the present embodiment, the sample stent height is adjustable, sample stent is comprised of stake body 5 and setting nut 6, stake body 5 is square frame, setting nut 6 is four, four setting nut 6 corresponding four corners that screw in stake body 5 lower surfaces, setting nut 6 supports lock bracket bodies 5, and can regulate the height of stake body 5.
Sleeve in the present embodiment testing machine is replaceable, can use according to different needs the steel ball of different-diameter.
Control system in the present embodiment is by start button, the time relay, proximity transducer 8, travel switch, contactor, the compositions such as direct supply, all adopt existing electric equipment products, control system integration is arranged in the control box 11, control system can receive the next signal of a plurality of proximity transducer 8 transmission and can send instruction with the action of control lifting motor and electromagnet to the lifting motor 1 of jacking gear and the electromagnet 9 of falling sphere control device, control system is elevated to predetermined height by the action of control lifting motor 1 with the falling sphere control device, after the falling sphere control device arrives predetermined altitude, control system picks up spacing iron block 17 by control electromagnet 9 and causes steel ball 14 to fall the built-in steel ball 14 of release, make steel ball 14 freely fall to impact to be positioned at the test specimen 12 of below, finish falling ball impact test.
Principle of work and the course of work of present embodiment are as follows:
The steel ball 14 of test usefulness is built in the sleeve 10 of falling sphere control device, beginning sleeve 10 is in the initial position of below, lifting motor 1 connecting steel wire ropes 3, lifting motor 1 receives after the instruction that control system sends by wire rope 3 band moving sleeves 10 along guide rail 2 upward slidings, when the falling sphere control device rises to the height of the fall ball position of setting, trigger corresponding proximity transducer 8 and time relay, when sensing the height of the fall ball position of sleeve 10 arrival settings, this corresponding proximity transducer 8 sends signal to control system, control system receives the backward lifting motor 1 of signal that proximity transducer transmits and sends the signal that stops to move, lifting motor 1 is out of service, the falling sphere control device also stops to rise and 5 seconds of alarm, this moment, control system was sent electrical instruction to electromagnet 9, electromagnet 9 energisings, the spacing iron block 17 of below is upwards picked up, spacing steel axle 18 has been broken away from the constraint of spacing iron block 17 and can have been rotated around jointed shaft 21, since be subject to steel ball 14 from gravity, spacing steel axle 18 is opened to both sides, discharging built-in steel ball 14 falls, free drop impact was positioned at the test specimen 12 of below after steel ball 14 discharged, finish the falling-ball impact test that a time test specimen detects, after 5 seconds, control system is sent operating instruction to lifting motor 1 again, lifting motor 1 slides downwards until drop to initial position by wire rope 3 drive sleeve 10, sleeve 10 triggers corresponding proximity transducer 8 after arriving initial position, control system receives the backward lifting motor 1 of signal that this proximity transducer transmits and sends instruction, lifting motor 1 is out of service, this moment, sleeve 10 was returned to the initial position that is in the below, prepared to carry out next time falling-ball impact test.
This automatic testing machine also can be used as the testing machine of the test specimens such as steel plate test specimen, aluminium test specimen, plastic samples, stone material test specimen, corresponding test specimen selects steel plate test specimen, aluminium test specimen, plastic samples, stone material test specimen etc. to get final product, and the glass test specimen of its test process and present embodiment is identical.

Claims (6)

1. ball falling impact automatic testing machine, it is characterized in that: this testing machine comprises sample stent, jacking gear, falling sphere control device and control system, sample stent is positioned at the below of falling sphere control device, be used for the support test specimen, described jacking gear comprises inverted U-shaped, lifting motor, vertically be arranged on two guide rails and the horizontal lifting cross bar of built between two guide rails of U-shaped inboard, lifting motor is fixedly mounted on U-shaped top, lifting motor is connected with described lifting cross bar by wire rope, driving the lifting cross bar slides up and down along two guide rails, described falling sphere control device is fixedly mounted on the lifting cross bar, driving the falling sphere control device when lifting cross bar slides up and down moves up and down synchronously, the falling sphere control device is built-in with steel ball, the falling sphere control device is used for built-in steel ball is discharged the test specimen that freely falls to impact below being positioned at, be arranged at intervals with a plurality of proximity transducers from top to bottom on wherein the guide rail in two guide rails, be used for the residing height and position of induction falling sphere control device, control system respectively with proximity transducer, lifting motor links to each other with the falling sphere control device, and described control system can receive the next signal of a plurality of proximity transducer transmission and can send instruction with control lifting motor and the action of falling sphere control device to lifting motor and falling sphere control device.
2. ball falling impact automatic testing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described falling sphere control device comprises sleeve, electromagnet, spacing iron block and two spacing steel axles, described upper cartridge is provided with the goal hole, lower cartridge is provided with installation frame and the support platform that exposes in the cylindrical shell outside, described installation frame is positioned at support platform top, described electromagnet is installed in the described installation frame, the hinged end of described two spacing steel axles is hinged on respectively on the described support platform, two spacing steel axles all stretch in the described sleeve away from an end of hinged end, steel ball in the support sleeve, sleeve lower end and spacing steel axle opposite position offer the arcuate socket that rotates for spacing steel axle, described spacing iron block is between the hinged end of two spacing steel axles, limiting spacing steel axle rotates, electromagnet is relative up and down with spacing iron block, electromagnet links to each other with control system, the instruction power on/off that described electromagnet can receiving control system sends is so that with spacing iron block adhesive or separate, two spacing steel axles can be after spacing iron block be upwards picked up by electromagnet under the steel ball Action of Gravity Field to the both sides rotating opening, so that steel ball falls.
3. ball falling impact automatic testing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described two ends, the lifting cross bar left and right sides and guide rail touching position are equipped with linear bearing, by the linear bearing built on two guide rails.
4. ball falling impact automatic testing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described U-shaped is steel bracket.
5. according to claim 1 to 4 each described ball falling impact automatic testing machines, it is characterized in that: described a plurality of proximity transducers equidistantly distribute from top to bottom.
6. according to claim 1 to 4 each described ball falling impact automatic testing machines, it is characterized in that: described sample stent height is adjustable, sample stent is comprised of stake body and setting nut, described stake body is square frame, described setting nut is four, four corresponding four corners that screw in the stake body lower surface of setting nut, described stake body is locked in the setting nut supporting, and can regulate the height of stake body.
CN 201220335565 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Automatic falling ball impact testing machine CN202648907U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220335565 CN202648907U (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Automatic falling ball impact testing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220335565 CN202648907U (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Automatic falling ball impact testing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202648907U true CN202648907U (en) 2013-01-02

Family

ID=47417999

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220335565 CN202648907U (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Automatic falling ball impact testing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202648907U (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103364127A (en) * 2013-07-20 2013-10-23 大连理工大学 Bulk material impact testing machine and method for bulk material impact testing machine to carry out impact test
CN104089836A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-10-08 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司 System for automobile nonmetal-component cold shock-resistant performance experiment
CN104316371A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-28 东北大学 Sample separation device for metallographic sample, and using method of sample separation device for metallographic sample
CN104614143A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-13 苏州东菱振动试验仪器有限公司 Transient impact force implementation method
CN106153285A (en) * 2015-04-17 2016-11-23 富泰华工业(深圳)有限公司 Automatically falling sphere experimental provision
CN107796585A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-03-13 上海贝思特电气有限公司 A kind of ram tester
CN109655265A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-19 洛阳轴承研究所有限公司 A kind of magnetic suspension shafting protection bearing performance test machine

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103364127A (en) * 2013-07-20 2013-10-23 大连理工大学 Bulk material impact testing machine and method for bulk material impact testing machine to carry out impact test
CN104089836A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-10-08 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司 System for automobile nonmetal-component cold shock-resistant performance experiment
CN104316371A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-28 东北大学 Sample separation device for metallographic sample, and using method of sample separation device for metallographic sample
CN104316371B (en) * 2014-10-15 2016-08-17 东北大学 The sample separating apparatus of a kind of metallographic specimen and using method thereof
CN104614143A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-13 苏州东菱振动试验仪器有限公司 Transient impact force implementation method
CN106153285A (en) * 2015-04-17 2016-11-23 富泰华工业(深圳)有限公司 Automatically falling sphere experimental provision
CN107796585A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-03-13 上海贝思特电气有限公司 A kind of ram tester
CN109655265A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-19 洛阳轴承研究所有限公司 A kind of magnetic suspension shafting protection bearing performance test machine
CN109655265B (en) * 2018-12-29 2020-08-07 国创(洛阳)轴承产业技术研究院有限公司 Magnetic suspension shafting protective bearing performance testing machine

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201993280U (en) Integral furniture testing equipment
CN2911641Y (en) Glass lifter detector
EP2653847A3 (en) System and method for ground vibration testing and weight and balance measurement
CN203732234U (en) Drop-hammer impact testing machine of coating sheet material
CN205988805U (en) A kind of fluorite ore multiple stage crushing sorting unit
CN105043707B (en) Can central controlled dummy calibration pilot system
CN201503265U (en) Straightness detection machine
CN104148920A (en) Steering knuckle bearing material press-fitting production line
CN102147323B (en) Package part dropping tester
KR20120098389A (en) Control method of a stand for hanging banner
CN208299325U (en) A kind of crusing robot power double rod type telescopic device
CN105951315B (en) Cloth material separating device based on pressure control
CN201885863U (en) Drop impact tester for supplementary restraint systems
CN107082228B (en) self-detection middle groove device and detection method for scraper conveyor
CN208843606U (en) A kind of intelligent suspender of posture adjustment
CN102507241A (en) Testing device of winch mechanism
CN102680199A (en) System and method for calibrating impact on feet of dummy for automobile collision
CN201348559Y (en) Inclined plane impact tester
CN206540782U (en) A kind of simple loading experimental apparatus that drops hammer
CN204713966U (en) The safety protection mechanism in machine on cantilever sent out by layer backing plate collection
CN105277353A (en) A high-altitude lifting basket type machine safety lock testing experiment table and testing method
CN106044131A (en) Intelligent lithium battery blanking, conveying and separating machine and working method thereof
CN203894021U (en) Drop test device
CN107036691A (en) A kind of automatic weighing device for being used to produce in batches
CN101832811B (en) Weighter-type automatic evaluation loading system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 510500 No. 121 martyrs East Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Tianhe District

Patentee after: Guangdong Construction Academy Group Plc

Address before: 510500 martyrs East Road, Guangdong, Guangzhou No. 121

Patentee before: Guangdong Prov. Inst. of Building Science

Address after: 510500 No. 121 martyrs East Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Tianhe District

Patentee after: Guangdong Construction Academy Group Plc

Address before: 510500 martyrs East Road, Guangdong, Guangzhou No. 121

Patentee before: Guangdong Prov. Inst. of Building Science

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130102

Termination date: 20190711

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee