CN202648019U - Multifunctional solar water-making preservation air-conditioning device - Google Patents

Multifunctional solar water-making preservation air-conditioning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202648019U
CN202648019U CN2012201467313U CN201220146731U CN202648019U CN 202648019 U CN202648019 U CN 202648019U CN 2012201467313 U CN2012201467313 U CN 2012201467313U CN 201220146731 U CN201220146731 U CN 201220146731U CN 202648019 U CN202648019 U CN 202648019U
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China
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air
fresh
water
keeping
chamber
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CN2012201467313U
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Chinese (zh)
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朱群志
崔云
史昊杨
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上海电力学院
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/90Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation
    • Y02A40/924Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation using renewable energies

Abstract

The utility model relates to a multifunctional solar water-making preservation air-conditioning device, wherein a solar cell panel is connected with a storage battery pack by a storage battery charge-discharge controller; the storage battery pack is connected with an induced draft fan and a refrigerator by the storage battery charge-discharge controller respectively, an air supply outlet of the induced draft fan is connected with a cold air inlet of a preservation chamber by a condensation chamber, one path of a cold air outlet of the preservation chamber is connected with an air flow channel behind the cell panel by a guide tube, and the other path of the cold air outlet is communicated with the interior of a room; and water condensed in the condensation chamber from air flows in a water collection tank after passing through a multilayer compound filter. The device uses solar energy as a power source, and uses the refrigerator for cooling the air to a dew point, so that water vapour in the air can be condensed; the dehumidified cold air is adequately utilized and enters the preservation chamber to meet the need of food storage, and moreover, a part of the cold air output from the preservation chamber is charged in the interior of the room to lower the temperature of the room, so that an air-conditioning function is realized; and the other part of the cold air is used for cooling the solar cell panel, and increasing the photoelectric conversion efficiency of cells.

Description

The fresh-keeping aircondition of multifuctional solar water processed

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of aircondition, the fresh-keeping aircondition of especially a kind of solar energy water processed.

Background technology

Atmosphere is storing a large amount of moisture as the terminal of surface water cycle.Yet, quite regional serious water shortage is but arranged on the earth's surface.Obtain fresh water from air, traditional method is rainwater-collecting, but the method is subject to the restriction of many factors, such as weather conditions, Regional Distribution etc.Utilize manual method to fetch water from air and mainly contain two kinds of approach: the first adopts the dewfall method; It two is to utilize sorbing material.Adopt the water maker from air of solar refrigeration dewfall method, can be divided into two classes again: the one, solar energy is converted to heat energy, utilize thermal refrigerating; The 2nd, convert solar energy to electric energy, utilize the electric energy refrigeration.

Some water maker from airs are arranged in the market, and the basic conventional electric power that relies on of these devices is not suitable for power-shortage area as power.And conventional electric power obtain usually be the fossil energy of burning be cost, the consumption of fossil energy is exerted heavy pressures on to environment.Although some area is lack of water relatively, air humidity is larger, and for example the annual relative humidity of Xi'an can reach 66%, summer medial humidity up to 77%, therefore can be from the higher air of humidity water processed.The water-deficient area is remote, economics of underdevelopment usually, does not have conventional electric power, is a kind of mode of the simple and feasible local water shortage problem of alleviation take solar energy as power source from air water therefore.

Substantially be in theoretical research stage aspect the solar energy water-making machine both at home and abroad, actual finished product seldom.1994, French scientist Y. Jannot proposed also to have made solar adsorption-type refrigerating dewfall method device for fetching water from air, and experiment and result of calculation shows, only 0.024 kg fetches water every day.This device water yield processed is low, even can not satisfy one day water demand amount of a people.2003, the people such as the Ye Jitao of Shanghai University of Science and Technology have proposed a kind of water gaining apparatus of refrigerating and condensing air with semiconductor powered by solar energy, and carried out the numerical simulation of water intaking rate, draw when the transformation efficiency of solar cell is 35%, every square metre of cell panel is 2.56 kg in standard irradiation intensity lower every day of the water yield processed.Although the water yield processed of this device is better than absorption type refrigerating dewfall water-making machine, because the semiconductor refrigerating efficiency is not high, the water yield processed of unit cells plate area is not high yet.

Water vapour is after condensation is got off from cold air, and cold air directly enters atmosphere.This part delivery temperature is lower than environment temperature, can also further utilize its cold, improves the energy utilization efficiency of whole device.But in the design of present water-making machine, not yet see the device that this part cold air is taken full advantage of.

Present disclosed Patents mainly contains:

China Patent No. 200620159515.7, Multi-functional Air Water Making Machine, to be solved is the water filtration problem of air water machine, the filter of system adopts reverse osmosis membrane filt, and on the air inlet duct of condenser, be provided with successively airstrainer and ultraviolet sterilizer, and be provided with ozone generator at the air outlet in air channel.Although it is more that it at the cleanliness factor that has to a certain degree improved water, drops into, and depend on conventional energy resource, and the water yield processed is not high, is difficult to promote in the area of real lack of water.

China Patent No. 201020277379.8, a kind of air water machine has proposed a kind of process for preparing water that first air heat is carried out again condensation.The air that air-supply arrangement is sucked heats first, then is cooled to condensed water, and collects by filtering.The method also is to adopt conventional energy resource, has improved the temperature of air, and therefore power consumption is relatively many.And in the not high arid area of air humidity, improve temperature of inlet air and can not make water yield increase processed many, only rely on conventional energy resource as power resources, also limited the possibility of its popularization.

The utility model content

The utility model is to provide a kind of multifuctional solar water processed fresh-keeping aircondition, and this device can not only provide for the user water of cleaning, and does not consume conventional electric power, is not subjected to the restriction of region; This device uses solar energy as power resources, and the refrigeration machine that adopts micro-compressor to drive is cooled to dew point with air, and airborne water vapour is condensed; Cold air after the dehumidifying is fully utilized, and enters the needs that fresh-keeping chamber satisfies food storing, and, pass into indoor reduction room temperature from a fresh-keeping chamber cold air part out, play the function of air-conditioning; Another part is used for the electricity conversion that the cools solar cell plate improves battery.

For achieving the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is: the fresh-keeping aircondition of a kind of multifuctional solar water processed, comprise solar panel, the accumulator cell charging and discharging controller, the batteries that is used for store electrical energy, condensation chamber, header tank, fresh-keeping chamber, be characterized in: solar panel is connected with the batteries that is used for store electrical energy by the accumulator cell charging and discharging controller, batteries is connected with the refrigeration machine that air-introduced machine is connected with condensation chamber respectively by the accumulator cell charging and discharging controller, and the air-introduced machine air outlet is connected with the cold air air inlet of fresh-keeping chamber through condensation chamber, leads up to conduit and be connected with the air flow channel of cell panel behind in fresh-keeping chamber cold air gas outlet, temperature for reducing cell panel, improve the conversion efficiency of cell panel, another road is connected with indoor, for reducing indoor temperature; Condenser places and outdoorly contacts with air, and the condensation chamber water that condensation is got off from air flows into header tank after by the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE filter.

Coat insulation material around the condensation chamber; Copper pipe heat exchanger is housed in the fresh-keeping chamber, and copper pipe heat exchanger is connected with the air-introduced machine air outlet, coats insulation material around the fresh-keeping chamber, to keep the low temperature environment of fresh-keeping chamber; Fresh-keeping chamber cold air gas outlet is connected with indoor by the shutter exhaust outlet; The header tank bottom is provided with intake pipe and valve water, and the float sheet metal is equipped with at the header tank top, and the float sheet metal is connected with controller; Fan inlet connects filter by passage.

The beneficial effect that the utility model compared with prior art has is: the utility model uses solar energy as power resources, and the refrigeration machine that adopts micro-compressor to drive is cooled to dew point with air, and airborne water vapour is condensed; Cold air after the dehumidifying is fully utilized, and enters the needs that fresh-keeping chamber satisfies food storing, and, pass into indoor reduction room temperature from a fresh-keeping chamber cold air part out, play the function of air-conditioning; Another part is used for the electricity conversion that the cools solar cell plate improves battery.

The utility model has adopted the Mini compressed machine cooling system of solar panel power supply, does not consume conventional electric power.And the efficient of compression-type refrigeration circulation is high, and the water yield processed in the unit interval improves greatly.Cold air after temperature reduces is applied to many-side, both can be used for food fresh keeping, can introduce again the room with the temperature in reduction room or enter solar panel back passage with the cool batteries plate.Whole device integrates water-making machine, fresh-keeping chamber and air-conditioning, and can improve the generating efficiency of solar panel, and cold has obtained cascade utilization in device, has improved the efficiency of device.The device that the present invention proposes has obvious innovation, and the application prospect of device is very wide.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the fresh-keeping air-conditioning device system figure of multifuctional solar water processed;

Fig. 2 is the fresh-keeping air conditioning control system figure of multifuctional solar water processed;

Fig. 3 is the water intaking rate figure under the different operating modes.

The specific embodiment

The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.

Such as Fig. 1, shown in 2, the fresh-keeping aircondition of multifuctional solar of the present utility model water processed comprises solar panel 1, accumulator cell charging and discharging controller 2, the batteries 3 that is used for store electrical energy, filter 4, condensation chamber 11, MULTILAYER COMPOSITE filter 12, header tank 13, fresh-keeping chamber 15 etc.

Solar panel 1 is connected with the batteries 3 that is used for store electrical energy by accumulator cell charging and discharging controller 2, batteries 3 is connected with refrigeration machine 7 during condensation chamber is connected with air-introduced machine 6 respectively by accumulator cell charging and discharging controller 2, air-introduced machine 6 air outlets are connected with the cold air air inlet of fresh-keeping chamber 15 through condensation chamber 11, lead up to conduit 19 and cell panel air flow channel 20 behind and be connected in fresh-keeping chamber 15 cold air gas outlets, temperature for reducing cell panel, improve the conversion efficiency of cell panel, another road is connected with indoor, for reducing indoor temperature; Condenser 11 places and outdoorly contacts with air, and condensation chamber 11 water that condensation is got off from air is by MULTILAYER COMPOSITE filter 12 rear inflow header tanks 13.

The utility model adopts solar energy as power source, and solar panel 1 is accepted solar radiation, and solar energy is converted to electric energy.Electric energy is stored in the batteries 3 via charging-discharging controller 2.Under the suction of air-introduced machine 6, air enters this device along passage 5, and the feeder connection place arranges filter 4, removes in the air impurity such as dust.Air cleaner 4 adopts groove pluggable, and good airproof performance is convenient to the user and is changed.Adopt the Mini compressed formula refrigeration machine 7 that coefficient of refrigerating performance is high, volume is little.The evaporimeter 10 of refrigeration machine 7 is arranged in condensation chamber 11, and condenser 10 places and outdoorly contacts with air.Coat insulation material around the condensation chamber 11.The water that condensation is got off from air is by MULTILAYER COMPOSITE filter 12 rear inflow header tanks 13.The MULTILAYER COMPOSITE filter is 13 detachable, is convenient to that the user cleans and renew cartridge more.Led to fresh-keeping chamber 15 by condensation chamber 11 cold air out, through copper pipe heat exchanger 16 cold is passed to fresh-keeping room air, coated insulation material 17 around the fresh-keeping chamber 15, to keep the low temperature environment of fresh-keeping chamber.Again utilized from fresh-keeping chamber 15 cold air out, a part causes cell panel air flow channel 20 behind by conduit 19, reduces the temperature of cell panel, improves the conversion efficiency of cell panel.Another part cold air then enters indoor by shutter exhaust outlet 18.Shutter exhaust outlet 18 is opened during summer, reduces indoor temperature, plays the function of air-conditioning; During winter then shutter exhaust outlet 18 close, fresh-keeping chamber cold air out all flows to cell panel air flow channel 20 behind.

Intake pipe is drawn in header tank 13 bottoms, by valve 14 control water intakings.Device is furnished with controller 21.Float sheet metal 22 is equipped with at header tank 13 tops, and float sheet metal 22 is connected with controller 21.Controller 21 comprises the full alarm lamp of device switch, run indicator and water.When switch closure, run indicator is bright, and device brings into operation.If header tank water is full, float sheet metal 22 moves up under the effect of buoyancy, makes operating loop disconnection, the full warning lamp circuit closed of water, and the full warning lamp of water is bright.

By analog computation, draw the service behaviour of the fresh-keeping aircondition of solar energy water processed under the different operating modes, see Fig. 3.

Be 25 ℃ in environment temperature, relative humidity is 60%, and the solar energy irradiation intensity of unit are is 1000W/m 3, the power of cell panel is 150W, work every day 8 hours (sunshine-duration adds discharge time of accumulator), and can fetch water from air every day is: 8*3600*0.46=11520g=11.52kg

Economic analysis and application prospect:

Compare with traditional air water machine, the utility model does not use conventional electric power, adopts solar energy as power, has the several functions such as air water, fresh-keeping, air-conditioning.The device volume that this patent proposes is less, easy to use, capacity usage ratio is high, applied widely, both can be used for daylight abundance, the relatively large water-deficient area of air humidity, also can be at other area dehumidifying water processed.In addition, this device provides the functions such as fresh-keeping and air-conditioning, can be used for improving quality of residents'life.

For the economy of different fresh water obtain manners is analyzed, chosen one apart from land 30 kilometers island is analytic target.Ambient parameter on the island is: 25 ℃ of environment temperatures, relative air humidity are 60%, and the solar energy irradiation intensity is 1000W/m 2The power of solar panel is 150W, and solar cell was worked 8 hours every day.Table 1 has provided the characteristics such as the scale, cost of variety of way.

The different fresh water obtain manner of table 1 characteristics ? Every day aquifer yield Produce the water cost Other income Desalinization 24 tons 5 yuan/tons Nothing Ship transportation \ 40 yuan/tons Nothing This device 20 liters 20 yuan/tons Fresh-keeping, idle call is cold

By as seen from Table 1, the desalinization cost is minimum, is roughly equal to 5 yuan/tons.But the water yield processed of sea water desalinating unit is large, and disposable input is many, the island that the personnel that are not suitable for are less or drilling platforms.The cost of ship transportation is high, is roughly equal to 40 yuan/tons, and the amount of disposable transportation is larger, needs additionally to build the fresh water storage device on the island.The device that adopts the present invention to propose, cost is lower, and unit scale can be according to the demand flexible configuration of fresh water.In addition, this device also can provide the functions such as fresh-keeping and air-conditioning.

According to related data, China inland has nearly 16 provinces and cities' lacks of water serious, and the water-deficient area often is remote, economically less developed region.China coast has the island of resident population just to have more than 460.In addition, offshore oil and the construction of natural gas fields need to have a large amount of drilling platforms, and China only East China Sea just has more than 20.This device has broad application prospects in these places.

Claims (6)

1. fresh-keeping aircondition of multifuctional solar water processed, comprise solar panel (1), accumulator cell charging and discharging controller (2), the batteries (3) that is used for store electrical energy, condensation chamber (11), header tank (13), fresh-keeping chamber (15), it is characterized in that: described solar panel (1) is connected with the batteries (3) that is used for store electrical energy by accumulator cell charging and discharging controller (2), batteries (3) is connected with refrigeration machine (7) during condensation chamber is connected with air-introduced machine (6) respectively by accumulator cell charging and discharging controller (2), air-introduced machine (6) air outlet is connected through the cold air air inlet of condensation chamber (11) with fresh-keeping chamber (15), lead up to conduit (19) and cell panel air flow channel (20) behind and be connected in fresh-keeping chamber (15) cold air gas outlet, another road is connected with indoor, condenser (11) places and outdoorly contacts with air, and condensation chamber (11) water that condensation is got off from air is by flowing into header tank (13) behind the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE filter (12).
2. the fresh-keeping aircondition of multifuctional solar according to claim 1 water processed, it is characterized in that: copper pipe heat exchanger (16) is housed in the described fresh-keeping chamber (15), copper pipe heat exchanger (16) is connected with air-introduced machine (6) air outlet, coats insulation material (17) around the fresh-keeping chamber.
3. the fresh-keeping aircondition of multifuctional solar according to claim 1 water processed, it is characterized in that: described fresh-keeping chamber (15) cold air gas outlet is connected with indoor by shutter exhaust outlet (18).
4. the fresh-keeping aircondition of multifuctional solar according to claim 1 water processed, it is characterized in that: described header tank (13) bottom is provided with intake pipe and valve (14) water, float sheet metal (22) is equipped with at header tank (13) top, and float sheet metal (22) is connected with controller (21).
5. the fresh-keeping aircondition of multifuctional solar according to claim 1 water processed, it is characterized in that: described condensation chamber (11) coats insulation material all around.
6. the fresh-keeping aircondition of multifuctional solar according to claim 1 water processed is characterized in that: described air-introduced machine (6) air inlet connects filter (4) by passage (5).
CN2012201467313U 2012-04-10 2012-04-10 Multifunctional solar water-making preservation air-conditioning device CN202648019U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102620368A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-08-01 上海电力学院 Multifunctional solar water production preservation air-conditioning device
CN104775477A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-07-15 北京星达科技发展有限公司广东分公司 Water collecting device
CN105484319A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-04-13 东莞市华源光电科技有限公司 Integrated photovoltaic air water production system
AT519233A4 (en) * 2017-01-03 2018-05-15 Philippe Lathan supply container
CN108755838A (en) * 2016-07-20 2018-11-06 卢思雨 A kind of squelch type air water machine based on Internet of Things
CN109138051A (en) * 2018-09-10 2019-01-04 肖丹宁 A kind of stony desertification comprehensive treatment system based on information intelligent
CN109736385A (en) * 2019-01-16 2019-05-10 深圳市保国特卫机器人科技有限公司 Moisture water manufacturing system and method based on Internet of Things

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102620368A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-08-01 上海电力学院 Multifunctional solar water production preservation air-conditioning device
CN104775477A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-07-15 北京星达科技发展有限公司广东分公司 Water collecting device
CN105484319A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-04-13 东莞市华源光电科技有限公司 Integrated photovoltaic air water production system
CN105484319B (en) * 2015-10-30 2017-11-10 东莞市华源光电科技有限公司 Integral type photovoltaic air water system
CN108755838A (en) * 2016-07-20 2018-11-06 卢思雨 A kind of squelch type air water machine based on Internet of Things
AT519233A4 (en) * 2017-01-03 2018-05-15 Philippe Lathan supply container
AT519233B1 (en) * 2017-01-03 2018-05-15 Philippe Lathan supply container
CN109138051A (en) * 2018-09-10 2019-01-04 肖丹宁 A kind of stony desertification comprehensive treatment system based on information intelligent
CN109736385A (en) * 2019-01-16 2019-05-10 深圳市保国特卫机器人科技有限公司 Moisture water manufacturing system and method based on Internet of Things

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Granted publication date: 20130102

Termination date: 20160410