CN202546811U - Compound furnace arch and compound secondary air structure - Google Patents

Compound furnace arch and compound secondary air structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202546811U
CN202546811U CN2012201904264U CN201220190426U CN202546811U CN 202546811 U CN202546811 U CN 202546811U CN 2012201904264 U CN2012201904264 U CN 2012201904264U CN 201220190426 U CN201220190426 U CN 201220190426U CN 202546811 U CN202546811 U CN 202546811U
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China
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arch
compound
wind
air
furnace
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CN2012201904264U
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Chinese (zh)
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赵钦新
张吉虎
李钰鑫
王云刚
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西安交通大学
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Priority to CN2012201904264U priority Critical patent/CN202546811U/en
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Publication of CN202546811U publication Critical patent/CN202546811U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a compound furnace arch and a compound secondary air structure. A front arch water-cooling wall is extruded into a hearth to form a cavity with a fire-resistant front arch; a front arch throat is provided with an ejector to eject volatile components; a rear arch throat is provided with a compound secondary air device; an ejector nozzle and a secondary air horizontal nozzle of rear arch secondary air are horizontally and oppositely arranged at an interval; and the inside of the rear arch secondary air is provided with a gap pulling plate type regulation mechanism. Compared with the prior art, the compound furnace arch and the compound secondary air structure disclosed by the utility model are characterized in that the volatile components are introduced out from the cavity between a front arch furnace wall and the front arch water-cooling wall to react with NOX in high-temperature smoke; meanwhile, when NOX is deeply removed, high-temperature ammonia injection is realized, and therefore the technical integration that NOX is actively and cooperatively removed by the fuel staged combustion of the compound front arch and the ejector, the staged combustion of the compound secondary air and volatile component recrudescence; the NOX emission level of a chain grate furnace or a grate-fired furnace adopting a similar principle is obviously lowered; and the NOX environmentally-acceptable discharge of an industrial layer combustion furnace is realized.

Description

A kind of compound chimney arch and compound secondary wind structure

Technical field

The utility model belongs to grate firing boiler control discharged nitrous oxides technical field, is specifically related to a kind of compound chimney arch and compound secondary wind structure.

Background technology

Since 2000, be accompanied by the raising of China's industrialization and development of urbanization and energy-conserving and environment-protective requirement, the jumbo increase of city heat supply demand, the coal-fired central heating boiler of big capacity grate firing has got into fast-developing period.In China's coal-burned industrial boiler, the grate firing chain-grate boiler accounts for more than 60% of Industrial Boiler sum.Therefore the energy-saving and emission-reduction of chain-grate boiler are the most important things of industrial boilers in China energy-saving and emission-reduction.In traveling-grate stoker grate furnace design and running process, adopt that rational chimney arch and secondary wind energy enhanced fuel are ignited, overheavy firing and improve stove internal combustion operating mode, whether its structure is rationally very big to the boiler efficiency influence.

During " 12 "; Country has strengthened the environmental protection input on the basis that dedusting, desulfur technology are popularized day by day, put into effect the strict standard of control nitrogen oxide, although promulgation at first is the standard of control station boiler discharged nitrous oxides; In the future of environmental requirement increasingly stringent; Industrial Boiler and kiln also can become the object of discharged nitrous oxides control, and therefore, research and development Comprehensive Control nitrogen oxide generates and the correlation technique of discharging will become recent emphasis.

In the existing traveling-grate stoker grate furnace of China, generally be furnished with face arch and rear arch.Face arch receives the radiant heat of furnace high-temperature flame and fuel bed and concentrates and is radiated on the fresh fuel layer, the oven dry of promotion fresh fuel, separates out volatile matter and catches fire; Rear arch is transported to the main combustion zone and the area in preparation of fuel with a large amount of high-temperature flue gas and red-hot carbon granule, keeping the high temperature of burner hearth, thereby makes face arch obtain the radiation source of higher temperature, has strengthened the radiation effect of igniting of face arch; Another important function of rear arch is to form aditus laryngis with face arch, strengthens flow perturbation, impels combustible and air fully to mix, and is beneficial to burning, also prolongs the time that air-flow stops simultaneously in stove, is beneficial to the after-flame of combustible.This traditional furnace arch structure can significantly improve the efficiency of combustion of boiler, but because of highlighting the importance of igniting with overheavy firing, has ignored the NO to producing the combustion process from the source XCarry out the technology of active control research and development, lack ACTIVE CONTROL NO XThe dependency structure designing technique that generates, and for Industrial Boiler, if can not ACTIVE CONTROL NO XGenerate, just can only be employed in upper furnace spray ammonia technology or implement SCR denitrating flue gas post-processing technology etc., and spray ammonia removal NO XThough the technology method is simple, removal efficiency is low, at every moment all will consume materials such as ammonia, urea, and operating cost is higher.Not only will spray ammonia as for SCR, also will quicken to remove reaction by expensive catalyst, operating cost be higher.Therefore, if can pass through fuel staging, air classification and combustion technology ACTIVE CONTROL NO again XGeneration, can greatly simplify the auxiliary equipment of denitration, and greatly reduce the operating cost of denitrating flue gas.

The utility model content

In order to solve the problem that above-mentioned prior art exists, the purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of compound chimney arch and compound secondary wind structure, can initiatively reduce NO XGeneration, realize energy-conservation and the double technique target that reduces discharging.

In order to achieve the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model adopted is:

A kind of compound chimney arch and compound secondary wind structure; Comprise face arch 1 and corresponding with it rear arch 3; The water-cooling wall 1-2 of said face arch 1 to the inner protrusion of burner hearth make it and face arch furnace wall 1-1 between form a cavity 1-4, in the exit, top of cavity 1-4 injector 1-3 is housed.

Said face arch furnace wall 1-1 is processed by refractory material.

The bottom 1-2a of said water-cooling wall 1-2 adopts bare-tube wall, leaves the space between the tube bank, and top 1-2b adopts fin panel casing.

Aditus laryngis place at said rear arch 3 is provided with rear arch overfire air device 2, and this rear arch overfire air device 2 is lower than the height of injector 1-3.

Be furnished with respectively three row's branch wind pipes from secondary wind to three directions that send on the said rear arch overfire air device 2, comprise horizontal direction towards the Horizontal Branch airduct 2-2 of face arch 1, vertically downward rear arch below branch wind pipe 2-4 and be arranged in Horizontal Branch airduct 2-2 and rear arch below branch wind pipe 2-4 between face arch below branch wind pipe 2-3.

Said three row's branch wind pipe inside are respectively arranged with the slit and regulate pumping board 2-5; Said slit is regulated on the pumping board 2-5 and is had and the isodiametric hole of the secondary wind branch wind pipe mouth of pipe, can regulate the mouth of pipe aperture of each secondary wind branch wind pipe through pulling slit adjusting pumping board 2-5 respectively and regulate secondary air flow.

The spout 1-3-3 level of said injector 1-3 or have a down dip, the injection gas among the injector 1-3 can be selected compressed air for use or through the secondary wind of supercharging, work as NO XWhen discharging can't be reduced to the atmosphere pollutants emission standards requirement, as a kind of additional regulating measure, injection gas was selected ammonia or ammonia and AIR MIXTURES.

The utility model is compared with prior art, has following advantage:

1, the water-cooling wall 1-2 of the utility model face arch 1 arch structure before the inner protrusion of burner hearth forms two-period form; The bare-tube wall structure is adopted in the bottom; Film water cold wall structure is adopted on top; Make and form a cavity 1-4 between itself and the face arch furnace wall 1-1; The effect of this cavity 1-4 can make the bottom receive pyrolysis produces after the radiation of burner hearth heat effect volatile matter and get into high-temperature flue gas that cavity 1-4 and back of furnace row backflow come through the space in the middle of the bare-tube wall tube bank of bottom and separate avoiding too early mixed combustion, and the injector in the exit, top of cavity 1-4 sprays volatile matter, the NO that volatile matter is produced in boiler combustion process at the aditus laryngis position XBe reduced into N 2

2, arranged rear arch overfire air device 2 at the aditus laryngis place of rear arch 3, the secondary air separating that makes the aditus laryngis place is that three row's spouts spray, and secondary wind under secondary wind, the rear arch under horizontal secondary wind, the face arch is carried out for making the abundant mixed high-efficient of volatile matter and high-temperature flue gas.

3, the horizontal overfire air port 2-2 of compound overfire air device 2 is lower than the spout of face arch place injector 3 slightly, has not only strengthened the mixing of volatile matter and high-temperature flue gas, and has made NO XReduction reaction more abundant.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the furnace arch structure sketch map of the utility model.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of injector 1-3.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of rear arch overfire air device 2.

Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing of rear arch below branch wind pipe 2-4 among Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 regulates the structural representation of pumping board for the slit.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment structure of the utility model is done further explain.

As shown in Figure 1; A kind of compound chimney arch of the utility model and compound secondary wind structure; Comprise face arch 1 and corresponding with it rear arch 3; The water-cooling wall 1-2 of said face arch 1 to the inner protrusion of burner hearth make it and face arch furnace wall 1-1 between form a cavity 1-4, in the exit, top of cavity 1-4 injector 1-3 is housed.Said face arch furnace wall 1-1 is processed by refractory material; The bottom 1-2a of said water-cooling wall 1-2 adopts bare-tube wall; Leave the space between the tube bank; Top 1-2b adopts fin panel casing, makes the pyrogenous origin reproducibility volatile matter gas can be from getting into cavity 1-4 between the bottom 1-2a of the cavity 4 water-cooling wall 1-2 tube bank and by the injection gas ejection of the injector 1-3 in exit, cavity 1-4 top; Water-cooling wall 1-2 bottom 1-2a adopts bare-tube wall to guarantee that the volatile matter of pyrolysis rises among the face arch 1 cavity 1-4 and the gas expansion is accomplished in the heating that receives fire-resistant face arch and top water-cooling wall, is beneficial to the realization of the injection function of injector 1-3.Aditus laryngis place at said rear arch 3 is provided with rear arch overfire air device 2, and this overfire air device 2 is lower than the height of injector 1-3.

As shown in Figure 2; Injector 1-3 comprises the main jet 1-3-1 that sprays into injection gas that is arranged on injector 1-3 one end, the spout 1-3-3 that is arranged on the fugitive constituent gas access 1-3-2 of the injector 1-3 other end and is arranged on the lower end, spout 1-3-3 level or have a down dip; The task of injector 1-3 is fugitive constituent CHi, the H that pyrolysis is formed 2The NO that produces in the exit, top of cavity 1-4 Deng hydrocarbon root gas with boiler combustion process XBe reduced into N 2Injection gas among the injector 1-3 sprays into from main jet 1-3-1; Injection gas can be selected the secondary wind of compressed air or process supercharging for use, and when the injection gas among the injector 1-3 was selected the secondary wind of compressed air or process supercharging for use, the compound secondary wind completion of arch air classification burnt before and after face arch secondary wind and rear arch secondary wind constituted jointly; Simultaneously, the secondary wind of compressed air or process supercharging is with volatile matter CHi, H 2Thereby the aditus laryngis of sending into the front and back arch Deng gas makes grate furnace accomplish fuel-staged combustion and reburning, can reduce NO to a greater degree XDischarging is to realize qualified discharge; Work as NO XWhen discharging can't be reduced to the atmosphere pollutants emission standards requirement, as a kind of additional regulating measure, injection gas also can be selected ammonia or ammonia and AIR MIXTURES.Pyrolysis forms in the cavity volatile matter CHi, H 2Get into injector Deng hydrocarbon root gas by volatile matter gas access 1-3-2, and go out from spout 1-3-3 injection by injection gas.

As shown in Figure 3; Be furnished with three row's branch wind pipes of sending into secondary wind respectively to three directions on the rear arch overfire air device 2; Comprise horizontal direction towards the Horizontal Branch airduct 2-2 of face arch 1, vertically downward rear arch below branch wind pipe 2-4 and be arranged in Horizontal Branch airduct 2-2 and rear arch below branch wind pipe 2-4 between face arch below branch wind pipe 2-3; Horizontal Branch airduct 2-2 effect is to strengthen arch to go up after-flame and combustion again; Rear arch below branch wind pipe 2-4 plays burning of overheavy firing district and after-flame, and mainly to act on is the enhanced fuel pyrolysis to branch wind pipe 2-3, ignite, burning and gas stream in the stove disturbance below the face arch.2-1 is the secondary wind air main among the figure.Said three row's branch wind pipe inside are respectively arranged with the slit and regulate pumping board 2-5.

Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing of rear arch below branch wind pipe 2-4.

As shown in Figure 5; The slit is regulated on the pumping board 2-5 and is had and the isodiametric hole of the secondary wind branch wind pipe mouth of pipe; Can regulate the mouth of pipe aperture of each secondary wind branch wind pipe through pulling slit adjusting pumping board 2-5 respectively and regulate secondary air flow; Particularly regulate the jet velocity and the air quantity of horizontal secondary wind, guarantee that horizontal secondary wind neither destroys NO XReducing atmosphere, can guarantee that again horizontal secondary wind rises to certain altitude with air-flow and unburnt volatile matter fully burns.

The operation principle of the utility model is: in the heating power preparatory stage of grate firing boiler; Volatile matter is dried and separated out to fuel under the effect of igniting of face arch 1; The volatile matter of reproducibility gets into cavity 1-4 from the bare-tube wall tube bank space of face arch 1 water-cooling wall 1-2 bottom 1-2a; Then through the top exit ejection of injector 1-3, the NO of the reaction generation of carrying the high-temperature flue gas that flows out from the burner hearth aditus laryngis from the cavity 1-4 of face arch 1 XBe reduced into N 2Effect to the face arch water-cooling wall of burner hearth lower right protrusion mainly makes fuel produce fractional combustion; Form pyrolysis section and burning after-flame section; Separate out volatile matter fuel afterwards along with fire grate 4 moves into the combustion zone backward until after-flame, the high-temperature flue gas of the back formation of burning is mobile to face arch 1 under rear arch 3 effects, and the secondary wind that while rear arch overfire air device 2 ejects below rear arch below and face arch is disturbance arch downstream consumingly; The pyrolysis of strengthening on the one hand face arch lower coal fuel and pyrolysis igniting afterwards; On the other hand, the air classification burning taking place, reduces the gas incomplete combustion loss.When high-temperature flue gas flows out from the aditus laryngis position, mix with the volatile matter of the reproducibility that sprays from injector 1-3, the volatile matter of reproducibility can be with the NO in the high-temperature flue gas XBe reduced to nitrogen, and the secondary wind of horizontal direction can more effectively be strengthened the hybrid perturbation of high-temperature flue gas and volatile matter, make NO XReduction more abundant, simultaneously, three row's secondary wind that compound overfire air device ejects adopt slit pumping board formula governor motions to implement the adjusting of air quantity, particularly regulate the jet velocity and the air quantity of horizontal secondary wind, guarantee that horizontal secondary wind neither destroys NO XReducing atmosphere, can guarantee that again horizontal secondary wind rises to certain altitude with air-flow and unburnt volatile matter fully burns.

Claims (7)

1. a compound chimney arch and compound secondary wind structure; Comprise face arch (1) and corresponding with it rear arch (3); It is characterized in that: the water-cooling wall (1-2) of said face arch (1) to the inner protrusion of burner hearth make it and face arch furnace wall (1-1) between form a cavity (1-4), in the exit, top of cavity (1-4) injector (1-3) is housed.
2. compound chimney arch according to claim 1 and compound secondary wind structure is characterized in that: said face arch furnace wall (1-1) is processed by refractory material.
3. compound chimney arch according to claim 1 and compound secondary wind structure is characterized in that: bare-tube wall is adopted in the bottom (1-2a) of said water-cooling wall (1-2), leaves the space between the tube bank, and top (1-2b) adopts fin panel casing.
4. compound chimney arch according to claim 1 and 2 and compound secondary wind structure is characterized in that: be provided with rear arch overfire air device (2) at the aditus laryngis place of said rear arch (3), this rear arch overfire air device (2) is lower than the height of injector (1-3).
5. compound chimney arch according to claim 4 and compound secondary wind structure; It is characterized in that: be furnished with respectively three row's branch wind pipes from secondary wind to three directions that send on the said rear arch overfire air device (2), comprise horizontal direction towards the Horizontal Branch airduct (2-2) of face arch (1), vertically downward rear arch below branch wind pipe (2-4) and be arranged in Horizontal Branch airduct (2-2) with rear arch below branch wind pipe (2-4) between face arch below branch wind pipe (2-3).
6. compound chimney arch according to claim 5 and compound secondary wind structure; It is characterized in that: said three row's branch wind pipe inside are respectively arranged with the slit and regulate pumping board (2-5); Said slit is regulated on the pumping board (2-5) and is had and the isodiametric hole of the secondary wind branch wind pipe mouth of pipe, can regulate the mouth of pipe aperture of each secondary wind branch wind pipe through pulling slit adjusting pumping board (2-5) respectively and regulate secondary air flow.
7. compound chimney arch according to claim 1 and compound secondary wind structure is characterized in that: spout (1-3-3) level of said injector (1-3) or have a down dip, the injection gas in the injector (1-3) can be selected compressed air for use or through the secondary wind of supercharging, work as NO XWhen discharging can't be reduced to the atmosphere pollutants emission standards requirement, injection gas also can be selected ammonia or ammonia and AIR MIXTURES.
CN2012201904264U 2012-04-28 2012-04-28 Compound furnace arch and compound secondary air structure CN202546811U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102679390A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-09-19 西安交通大学 Compound furnace arch and compound secondary air structure for cooperatively controlling generation of nitrogen oxide (NOX)
CN103041686A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-17 浙江天洁环境科技股份有限公司 NOx removing device and method by means of exhaust gas recycle and ammonia agent spray
CN104329711A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-02-04 苟仲武 Energy-saving low-noise smoke exhausting device and method
CN104566348A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-29 江苏太湖锅炉股份有限公司 Secondary air blast device of biomass fuel boiler
CN106594792A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-04-26 国能生物发电集团有限公司 Boiler combustion adjusting method for preventing high-temperature corrosion during biomass fuel mixed combustion
CN108644802A (en) * 2018-03-10 2018-10-12 魏银先 Inverse baffling burning smoke chain row's arch

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102679390A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-09-19 西安交通大学 Compound furnace arch and compound secondary air structure for cooperatively controlling generation of nitrogen oxide (NOX)
CN102679390B (en) * 2012-04-28 2014-07-23 西安交通大学 Compound furnace arch and compound secondary air structure for cooperatively controlling generation of nitrogen oxide (NOX)
CN103041686A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-17 浙江天洁环境科技股份有限公司 NOx removing device and method by means of exhaust gas recycle and ammonia agent spray
CN104566348A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-29 江苏太湖锅炉股份有限公司 Secondary air blast device of biomass fuel boiler
CN104329711A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-02-04 苟仲武 Energy-saving low-noise smoke exhausting device and method
CN106594792A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-04-26 国能生物发电集团有限公司 Boiler combustion adjusting method for preventing high-temperature corrosion during biomass fuel mixed combustion
CN108644802A (en) * 2018-03-10 2018-10-12 魏银先 Inverse baffling burning smoke chain row's arch

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Granted publication date: 20121121

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