CN202521697U - Heat supplying device with phase-change heat storage - Google Patents

Heat supplying device with phase-change heat storage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202521697U
CN202521697U CN 201220079637 CN201220079637U CN202521697U CN 202521697 U CN202521697 U CN 202521697U CN 201220079637 CN201220079637 CN 201220079637 CN 201220079637 U CN201220079637 U CN 201220079637U CN 202521697 U CN202521697 U CN 202521697U
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heat
storage
phase change
phase
water
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CN 201220079637
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Chinese (zh)
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朱志坚
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湖南省汇通热源技术有限责任公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage
    • Y02E60/14Thermal storage
    • Y02E60/145Latent heat storage

Abstract

The utility model relates to a heat supplying device, in particular to a heat supplying device with a phase-change heat storage device. The heat supplying device comprises a heat-storage water collecting tank body, the phase-change heat storage device, a water pump and a valve, wherein the phase-change heat storage device is arranged in the heat-storage water collecting tank body; the top end of the phase-change heat storage device is provided with a distributor which is communicated with a water and steam inlet interface, and the bottom end of the phase-change heat storage device is provided with a collector; the collector is respectively communicated with the heat-storage water collecting tank body by a draining valve and a communicating valve; and the heat-storage water collecting tank body is provided with a water discharging valve which is communicated with a water discharging interface. The heat supplying device has the advantages that internal and external fast heat-conducting and heat-storage elements are adopted, rare-earth heat storage materials are filled between an inner-layer metal pipe and an outer-layer metal pipe, and fluid can conduct heat from the inner surface and the outer surface, so that the heat absorbing and releasing time is shorter, fuller and more stable; all the condensed water with stored heat is collected into the tank body; the heat is furthest utilized; and the water resource is saved, so that the heat supplying device is more environmentally-friendly.

Description

相变蓄热供热装置 Phase change heat storage heating apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及ー种供热装置,尤其是一种带有相变蓄热器的供热装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to heating apparatus ー species, in particular a heating apparatus with a phase-change heat accumulator.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,相变蓄热技术应用较广,特别是作为热网供热和自备锅炉供热补充设施的移动蓄热供热装置发展迅速,现行的相变蓄热供热装置主要有蓄热体整体蓄热,管状蓄热単元蓄热,蓄热球単元蓄热等几种形式,但普遍存在以下几个问题:1)经过相变蓄热材料吸热后排出的冷凝水温度仍然很高,通常在60〜80°C ;造成热能利用不高、浪费了水资源、对环境造成破坏,损坏公共排水管道。 [0002] Currently, a wide phase-change thermal storage technology, particularly mobile device as a heat storage heating and heat supply network owned boiler heating facilities complement the rapid development of the existing phase change thermal storage heating units are mainly several forms integral regenerative heat storage body, the tubular element radiolabeling regenerative heat storage, heat storage element regenerative ball radiolabeling the like, but the prevalence of the following problems: 1) the condensate temperature after the endothermic phase change thermal storage material is still discharged high, typically at 60~80 ° C; does not result in high energy use, waste water, damage to the environment, damage to the common drains. 例如:在英国,法律规定超过43°C的冷凝水不能排放到公共排水系统。 For example: In the UK, the law exceeds 43 ° C for the condensate can not be discharged into the public drainage system. 2)蓄热供热时,需要通过导热介质来传递热量,换热环节多、热量衰减大、吸放热时间长;相变材料吸热、放热不充分,蓄热能力易衰减。 2) When the regenerative heating, need to be transferred through the heat conducting medium, heat transfer links, attenuation heat, heat absorbing long time; endothermic phase change material, insufficient heat, heat storage capacity and easy decay. 3)部分移动供热装置盛满水(或导热介质)与相变材料进行热交換,増加了装置自重,増加了投资和运输成本,降低了输送车辆的安全性。 3) of the mobile heating device filled with water (or a heat transfer medium) by heat exchange with a phase change material, a means to increase in weight, to increase in investment and transport costs, reduces the security of the transport vehicle.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型的目的就是提供一种效率高、蓄热密度大、放热稳定完全、安全稳定、节约环保的相变蓄热的供热装置。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide one kind of high efficiency, high density heat storage, heat completely stable, safe and stable, environmental conservation phase change thermal storage heating apparatus.

[0004] 本实用新型的主要技术方案如下: [0004] The present invention The main technical solutions are as follows:

[0005] ー种相变蓄热供热装置,包括蓄热集水箱体、相变蓄热器、水泵、阀门,所述相变蓄热器安装在蓄热集水箱体内,在相变蓄热器的顶端装有分配器与进水进汽接ロ相通,在相变蓄热器的底端装有收集器,收集器分别通过疏水阀和联通阀与蓄热集水箱体相连通;所述蓄热集水箱体底部设有出水阀与出水接ロ相通。 [0005] ー phase change heat storage heating apparatus, comprising a heat storage sump housing, the phase change heat accumulator, pump, valve, said phase change heat storage in the heat storage sump mounted cabinets, storage in a phase change heat with the top of the dispenser and the water steam inlet connected ro communicated with the collector at the bottom of phase change thermal storage device, and a collector respectively Unicom trap valve housing communicating with the regenerator sump; the regenerator sump bottom housing is provided with an outlet valve connected in communication ro. 所述相变蓄热器由多根相变蓄热元件组成。 The phase change thermal storage consists of a plurality of phase change thermal storage elements.

[0006] 所述的相变蓄热元件是由内外两层金属管及两层金属管之间夹层填充稀土蓄热材料组成的。 [0006] said phase change thermal storage heat storage material is a rare earth element as a sandwich filling between inner and outer tube and the metal tube consisting of two layers of metal.

[0007] 所述相变蓄热元件按矩阵排列,每列相变蓄热元件之间通过“U”形管焊接成蛇形,形成通路,固定在蓄热集水箱体内。 The [0007] Phase change thermal storage elements arranged in a matrix, each column of phase change between the heat storage element by the "U" shaped tube welded into serpentine passage is formed, fixed to the heat storage cabinets sump.

[0008] 所述蓄热集水箱体的外部设有保温层,在保温层还设有外売;在蓄热集水箱的顶部装有排气溢流管。 [0008] The regenerator sump outer casing provided with thermal insulation, the insulation is also provided with an outer bai; overflow tube equipped with an exhaust at the top of the heat storage tank set.

[0009] 所述分配器和收集器均装在蓄热集水箱体外,在分配器的顶部还设有排气阀。 [0009] The distributor and collector current are mounted in the heat storage tank body, the top of the dispenser is further provided with an exhaust valve.

[0010] 本实用新型具有效率高、蓄热密度大、放热稳定完全、安全稳定、节约环保的优点。 [0010] The present invention has the advantage of high efficiency, high density heat storage, heat completely stable, safe and stable, environmental conservation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图I是本实用新型的结构示意图; [0011] Figure I is a novel structural diagram of the present invention;

[0012] 图2是本实用新型蓄热器正面布置示意图; [0012] FIG. 2 is a regenerator of the present invention disposed a front schematic view;

[0013] 图3是本实用新型的相变蓄热元件的结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the present invention the phase change heat storage element. [0014] 图中:1.保温层及外壳2.金属蓄热集水箱体3.相变蓄热器4.分配器5.收集器6.进水进汽接ロ7.出水接ロ8.疏水阀9.止回阀10.联接阀11.出水阀12. “U”形管13.排气阀14.排气溢流管15.金属外管16.相变材料17.内层金属管 [0014] FIG: 1 metal insulation and heat storage sump housing shell 2. 3. 4. The phase-change heat accumulator 5. The dispenser water inlet steam collector contact 6. 7. The water contact ro ro 8 . 9. a trap valve 11. the check valve 10. the outlet valve coupling 12. "U" shaped tube 13. the outer metal exhaust valve 15. an exhaust pipe 16. the overflow pipe 17. the inner metal phase change material tube

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0015] 如图1、2所示,ー种相变蓄热供热装置,包括蓄热集水箱体2、相变蓄热器3、水泵、阀门。 [0015] 1 and 2, ー phase change heat storage heating apparatus, comprising a heat storage water collecting tank 2, a phase change heat accumulator 3, pumps, valves. 相变蓄热器3由9路每路8根相变蓄热元件组成。 3 by the phase-change heat accumulator 8 Each channel 9 with phase change storage elements. 每路相变蓄热元件之间通过“U”形管12焊接成蛇形,形成通路,固定安装在蓄热集水箱体2内。 Between the phase change thermal storage element through each channel "U" shaped tube 12 welded to a serpentine passage is formed, the regenerator sump fixedly mounted within the housing 2. 在相变蓄热器的顶端装有分配器4与进水进汽接ロ6相通,在相变蓄热器的底端装有收集器5,收集器5分别通过疏水阀8和联通阀10与蓄热集水箱体2相连通。 At the top of phase change thermal storage device 4 connected with the distributor ro 6 in communication with the water into the steam, at the bottom with the collector of the phase-change heat accumulator 5, the collector 5 and 8, respectively, through the trap valve 10 Unicom heat storage tank 2 and the water collecting in communication. 分配器4和收集器5均装在蓄热集水箱体夕卜,在分配器4的顶部还设有排气阀13。 Distributor 4 and the collector 5 are mounted in the regenerator sump Bu Xi box at the top of the distributor 4 is also provided with an exhaust valve 13. 蓄热集水箱体2底部设有出水阀11与出水接ロ7相通。 The bottom of the regenerator sump housing 2 is provided with an outlet valve 11 and the communication contact 7 ro. 蓄热集水箱体2的外部设有保温层,在保温层还设有外壳I ;在蓄热集水箱的顶部装有排气溢流管14。 External regenerator sump tank 2 insulation is provided, is also provided in the insulation casing I; overflow tube 14 equipped with an exhaust at the top of the heat storage tank set.

[0016] 如图3所示,相变蓄热元件是由内外两层金属管及两层金属管之间夹层填充稀土蓄热材料组成的。 [0016] 3, phase change thermal storage heat storage material is a rare earth element as a sandwich filling between inner and outer tube and the metal tube consisting of two layers of metal.

[0017] 蓄热吋,蒸汽通过进汽接ロ6进入分配器4,流入相变蓄热元件3,经过“U”形管7,逐层进入到最低层汇集于收集器5,由疏水阀8排入金属蓄热集水箱体2。 [0017] Regenerative inch, by steam enters into the steam distributor 6 connected ro 4, flows into the phase change thermal storage element 3, through the "U" shaped tube 7, is collected in the lowest layer by layer into the collector 5, the trap 8 into the regenerator sump metal housing 2. 供热时,进水泵将冷水通过进水接ロ6进入分配器4流进相变蓄热器3逐层流过蓄热元件吸热,在收集器5汇集;通过联通阀10进入蓄热集水箱体2内,让水和相变蓄热元件充分接触换热,箱体温度达到所需温度且淹没了所有蓄热元件,开启出水阀11通过送水泵供热水。 When heating, the cold water through the water intake pump connected to the distributor 4 into the ro 6 flows into the heat accumulator 3-layer phase-change heat storage element flows through the heat sink, the collector 5 pooled; set into the accumulator 10 via the crossover valve within the water tank body 2, and let the water phase change thermal storage heat sufficient contact element, and the tank temperature reaches the desired temperature all the submerged heat storage element, open the valve 11 by the water pump hot water supply. 热水在温度调节器控制下与冷水混合供给满足用户要求的热水。 At a temperature of the hot water and cold water mixing controller controls the supply of hot water to meet user requirements.

[0018] 本实用新型所述的相变蓄热供热装置,低温水从顶层蓄热元件逐层流入,生产出来的热水从下端引出,在分配器顶部设置排气阀13.,吸热过程即使有蒸汽发生也不会出现汽堵现象。 [0018] The present invention said phase change heat storage heating apparatus, low-temperature water flows from the top-layer heat storage element, produced water drawn from the lower end, the exhaust valve 13 is provided at the top of the dispenser, the endothermic steam generating process even if there does not appear vapor blocking phenomenon. 在箱体顶部安装有排气溢流管14,防止箱体抽真空、满水过压。 At the top of the tank overflow tube 14 is attached to the exhaust, to prevent the vacuum box, full of water overpressure.

[0019] 本实用新型所述的相变蓄热供热装置解决了同类设备普遍存在的问题,尤其是长期稳定蓄热能力、高效节能环保特征是同类蓄热供热装置不可比拟的。 [0019] phase-change heat storage according to the present invention solves the heating means similar equipment common problem, especially long-term stable heat storage capacity, high efficiency energy saving heat storage heating apparatus wherein the same match.

[0020] 以上描述了本实用新型的基本原理、主要特点和优越性,在不脱离本创造精神和范围的前提下,所进行的各种变化和改进,形成的类似的技术方案,均属于本实用新型保护的范围。 [0020] The above describes the basic principles of the present invention, the main features and advantages, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present to create various changes and improvements in the form of similar aspect, the present belong utility model protection range.

Claims (6)

  1. 1. 一种相变蓄热供热装置,包括蓄热集水箱体、相变蓄热器、水泵、阀门,其特征在于:所述相变蓄热器安装在蓄热集水箱体内,在相变蓄热器的顶端装有分配器与进水进汽接口相通,在相变蓄热器的底端装有收集器,收集器分别通过疏水阀和联通阀与蓄热集水箱体相连通;所述蓄热集水箱体底部设有出水阀与出水接口相通。 1. A phase change heat storage heating apparatus, comprising a heat storage sump housing, the phase change thermal storage, pumps, valves, wherein: said phase-change heat storage in the heat storage sump mounted cabinets, in phase change heat storage device to the top with the water into the steam distributor and the communication interfaces, with the collector at the bottom of phase change thermal storage devices, respectively connected to the collector through the trap and valve and regenerator sump housing Unicom through; the heat storage cabinet is provided with a sump bottom valve in communication with the water outlet.
  2. 2.如权利要求I所述的一种相变蓄热供热装置,其特征在于:所述相变蓄热器由多根相变蓄热元件组成。 2. An I according to claim heating phase change thermal storage apparatus, wherein: said phase-change heat accumulator by a plurality of phase change thermal storage elements.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的一种相变蓄热供热装置,其特征在于:所述相变蓄热元件是由内外两层金属管及两层金属管之间夹层填充稀土蓄热材料组成的;内外两层金属管可以同时通过流体,以强化传热能力。 3. An according to claim 2 phase change thermal storage heating device, wherein: said phase change thermal storage rare earth element is a sandwich filling between the storage material and the inner and outer layers of the metal pipe metal pipe thereof; inner and outer metal tubes by a fluid simultaneously to enhance heat transfer capability.
  4. 4.如权利要求2或3所述的一种相变蓄热供热装置,其特征在于:所述相变蓄热元件按矩阵排列,每列相变蓄热元件之间通过“U”形管焊接成蛇形,形成通路,固定在蓄热集水箱体内。 4. An claim 2 or claim 3 phase change thermal storage heating device, wherein: said phase change thermal storage elements arranged in a matrix, through the "U" shaped elements between each column of phase change thermal storage welded into a tube serpentine passage is formed, it is fixed in the regenerator sump housing.
  5. 5.如权利要求I所述的一种相变蓄热供热装置,其特征在于:所述蓄热集水箱体的外部设有保温层,在保温层还设有外壳;在蓄热集水箱的顶部装有排气溢流管。 5. An I according to claim heating phase change thermal storage apparatus, wherein: the regenerator sump outer casing provided with thermal insulation, the insulation is also provided with the housing; the regenerative current top of the tank overflow tube equipped with an exhaust.
  6. 6.如权利要求I所述的一种相变蓄热供热装置,其特征在于:所述分配器和收集器均装在蓄热集水箱体外,在分配器的顶部还设有排气阀。 6. An I according to claim heating phase change thermal storage apparatus, wherein: said distributor and collector current are mounted in the heat storage tank body, the top of the dispenser is further provided with an exhaust valve .
CN 201220079637 2012-02-24 2012-02-24 Heat supplying device with phase-change heat storage CN202521697U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102748795A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-10-24 湖南省汇通热源技术有限责任公司 Phase-change heat accumulation and supply device
CN103615754A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-03-05 杭州国电机械设计研究院有限公司 Intelligent movable heat storage and supply device with steam heating function
CN104654260A (en) * 2013-11-17 2015-05-27 成都奥能普科技有限公司 Double-cavity electric heat accumulator and wind and light electricity heat accumulation complementation power station
CN104896569A (en) * 2015-06-07 2015-09-09 大连理工大学 Temperature stratification type heat accumulating/releasing device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102748795A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-10-24 湖南省汇通热源技术有限责任公司 Phase-change heat accumulation and supply device
CN104654260A (en) * 2013-11-17 2015-05-27 成都奥能普科技有限公司 Double-cavity electric heat accumulator and wind and light electricity heat accumulation complementation power station
CN104654260B (en) * 2013-11-17 2016-11-09 成都奥能普科技有限公司 Dual-chamber electric thermal storage and heat storage electric hybrid power plant scenery
CN103615754A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-03-05 杭州国电机械设计研究院有限公司 Intelligent movable heat storage and supply device with steam heating function
CN103615754B (en) * 2013-11-19 2017-01-18 杭州华电能源工程有限公司 A steam heating apparatus heating the heat storage smart mobile
CN104896569A (en) * 2015-06-07 2015-09-09 大连理工大学 Temperature stratification type heat accumulating/releasing device
CN104896569B (en) * 2015-06-07 2017-08-01 大连理工大学 A temperature-layered type heat storage means

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