CN101963469A - Heat storage and heat supply device for phase-change material - Google Patents

Heat storage and heat supply device for phase-change material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101963469A
CN101963469A CN2010105280797A CN201010528079A CN101963469A CN 101963469 A CN101963469 A CN 101963469A CN 2010105280797 A CN2010105280797 A CN 2010105280797A CN 201010528079 A CN201010528079 A CN 201010528079A CN 101963469 A CN101963469 A CN 101963469A
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China
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heat
phase
heat storage
change material
storage tank
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CN2010105280797A
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章学来
李志伟
于树轩
于美
林原培
王为
李晓菲
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Shanghai Maritime University
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Shanghai Maritime University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/14Thermal energy storage

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Abstract

The invention relates to a heat storage and heat supply device for a phase-change material, comprising at least two heat storage boxes which are connected in a row, wherein, different phase-change materials are filled in the heat storage boxes respectively, and the phase-transition temperature of the phase-change material in each heat storage box is in step distribution from top to bottom; heat-supply heat exchangers and heat-extraction heat exchangers are arranged in the heat storage boxes, and the heat-supply heat exchangers are connected together and the heat-extraction heat exchangers are connected together through the walls of the heat storage boxes respectively; the heat-supply heat exchangers and the heat-extraction heat exchangers arranged on two ends of the heat storage boxes in the row are provided with joints which extend out of the heat storage boxes; heat insulation layers are arranged on the inner walls of the heat storage boxes; the phase-change materials are packaged in heat storage balls; and the heat-extraction heat exchangers are provided with high pressure protection devices. In the invention, by use of various phase-change materials with different phase-transition temperature, heat discharge energy can be fully utilized by stepped absorption, thereby ensuring that the energy is maximally utilized. The device of the invention has the advantages of simple structure, high heat exchange efficiency, high heat storage density and stable heat discharge.

Description

The phase-change material heat storage heat supply device
Technical field
The present invention relates to thermal energy storage and releasing device, especially relate to the device that utilizes phase-change material to realize the storage heating function.
Background technology
In the use of heat energy, many times a part of heat is scattered and disappeared owing to can not effectively utilizing and storing, form used heat, cause thermal pollution and energy waste.The energy resources shortage has become undisputable fact, and energy-saving and emission-reduction are the inevitable choices that realize the sustainable development of socio-economy.The existing heat storage heat supply device that utilizes single phase-change material carries out that Waste Heat Recovery reutilization technology capacity usage ratio is low, quantity of heat storage is little, can not make full use of the potential energy of discharging, be higher than 150 ℃ in the heat extraction temperature especially, serviceability temperature is lower than under 70 ℃ the situation, because the temperature difference is bigger, the single phase-change material exothermic process that once absorbs heat can't guarantee the efficient utilization of energy, use the heat storage heat supply device of single phase-change material can't guarantee the efficient utilization of heat, cause the delivery port leaving water temperature not high, can't guarantee the normal requirement of using and live of producing.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem that existing phase-change material heat storage heat supply device can't make full use of heat, it is big to the invention provides a kind of thermal storage density, and heat release is stable, the phase-change material heat storage heat supply device that the thermal efficiency is high.
The technical scheme that the present invention is adopted for its technical problem of solution is,
The phase-change material heat storage heat supply device, comprise at least two heat storage tanks, heat storage tank connects in a row, be filled with different phase-change materials in the heat storage tank respectively, the phase transition temperature of phase-change material is the step distribution from high to low in each heat storage tank, Heat supply and heat exchange device and heat taking and exchanging device all are installed in the heat storage tank, between the Heat supply and heat exchange device in each heat storage tank and pass the accumulation of heat tank wall between the heat taking and exchanging device respectively and be connected, the Heat supply and heat exchange device and the heat taking and exchanging device that are positioned at row two ends heat storage tank all have interface to stretch out outside the heat storage tank.
Described heat storage tank inwall is provided with insulating.
Described phase-change material is packaged in the heat-storing sphere.
Described heat taking and exchanging device is provided with high pressure protector.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, use the phase-change material of multiple different phase transition temperatures, absorb through step, the heat extraction energy is made full use of, guarantee to utilize to greatest extent energy, be higher than 150 ℃ in the heat extraction temperature especially, serviceability temperature is lower than under 70 ℃ the situation, use two kinds of phase transformation phase-change materials, can reach technology, economy and safe comprehensive optimization.The present invention is simple in structure, heat exchange efficiency is high, thermal storage density is big, heat release is stable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of phase-change material heat storage heat supply device of the present invention;
Among the figure, 100. heat storage tanks, 110. heat taking and exchanging devices; 111. the heat-obtaining fluid inlet, 112. high pressure protectors, 120. Heat supply and heat exchange devices; 121. the heat donor fluid outlet, 130. low-temperature heat accumulating balls, 140. insulatings; 200. heat storage tank, 210. heat taking and exchanging devices, 211. heat-obtaining fluid issuings; 212. high pressure protector, 220. Heat supply and heat exchange devices, 221. heat donor fluid imports; 230. the high-temperature heat accumulation ball, 240. insulatings.
The specific embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with the diagram and the specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.
As one of embodiment, pile up in the heat storage tank 100 low-temperature heat accumulating ball 130 is arranged, filled the lower phase-change material of phase transition temperature in the low-temperature heat accumulating ball 130, heat storage tank 100 internal upper parts are provided with heat taking and exchanging device 110, heat taking and exchanging device 110 is provided with heat-obtaining fluid inlet 111, the bottom is provided with Heat supply and heat exchange device 120 in the heat storage tank 100, and Heat supply and heat exchange device 120 is provided with heat donor fluid outlet 121; Pile up in the heat storage tank 200 high-temperature heat accumulation ball 230 is arranged, fill the higher relatively phase-change material of phase transition temperature in the high-temperature heat accumulation ball 230, heat storage tank 200 internal upper parts are provided with heat taking and exchanging device 210, heat taking and exchanging device 210 is provided with heat-obtaining fluid issuing 211, the bottom is provided with Heat supply and heat exchange device 220 in the heat storage tank 200, and Heat supply and heat exchange device 220 is provided with heat donor fluid import 221.
Between heat storage tank 100 and heat storage tank 200, heat taking and exchanging device 110 passes separately with heat taking and exchanging device 210 that the accumulation of heat tank wall is connected, and Heat supply and heat exchange device 120 passes separately with Heat supply and heat exchange device 220 that the accumulation of heat tank wall is connected.
Heat storage tank 100 respectively is provided with insulating 140 and insulating 240 with heat storage tank 200 inwalls, prevents that heat runs off in the heat storage tank.
Reach uniform temperature after the phase-change material heat absorption and undergo phase transition, constantly energy is stored.(this part fluid mainly comes from temporary transient no heat such as industrial waste heat, waste heat when the high temperature heat source fluid, and the temperature of this fluid will be higher than the phase transition temperature of phase-change material in the heat-storing sphere 230) enter from heat donor fluid import 221, during by Heat supply and heat exchange device 220 and Heat supply and heat exchange device 120, high temperature fluid and heat-storing sphere generation heat exchange, the phase-change material in high-temperature heat accumulation ball 230 and the low-temperature heat accumulating ball 130 is heated and undergoes phase transition heat accumulation.Because its phase transition temperature of phase-change material of filling in the high-temperature heat accumulation ball 230 is higher than the phase transition temperature of phase-change material in the low-temperature heat accumulating ball 130, the heat of heat donor fluid is absorbed temperature decrease to some degree behind the heats by high-temperature heat accumulation ball 230, low-temperature heat accumulating ball 130 then absorbs the remaining heat of heat donor fluid, energy is carried out cascade utilization, and heat energy reaches abundant absorption from right to left.Be higher than 150 ℃ in the heat extraction temperature especially, serviceability temperature is lower than under 70 ℃ the situation, absorbs through secondary, can fully absorb the heat extraction energy, guarantees to utilize to greatest extent energy.
Energy stores and to finish and when not having thermal source and can utilize, this device is just brought into play the effect of thermal source.The heat-obtaining fluid enters from heat-obtaining fluid inlet 111, by heat taking and exchanging device 110 and heat taking and exchanging device 210, heat-obtaining fluid and heat-storing sphere generation heat exchange, energy is passed to fluid by heat-storing sphere, realize the release of energy, constantly obtain the heating back and flow out for using from heat-obtaining fluid issuing 211.And, can make full use of the heat of storage at this moment owing to use two kinds of phase change heat storage materials, prolong the heat release time.
In heat-accumulating process; heat constantly increases; pressure in the heat storage tank also increases thereupon; the high pressure protector 112 and the high pressure protector 212 on the heat taking and exchanging device 210 that are arranged on the heat taking and exchanging device 110 just can play the effect of protecting heat storage tank and its interior arrangement, can not damage regenerative apparatus because of the increase of pressure.
More than show and described basic principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in above-mentioned enforcement and the specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications and (as uses coil pipe and heat pipe intensified method instead; the principle method is similar to the phase transformation ball), these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. phase-change material heat storage heat supply device, it is characterized in that, comprise at least two heat storage tanks, heat storage tank connects in a row, be filled with different phase-change materials in the heat storage tank respectively, the phase transition temperature of phase-change material is the step distribution from high to low in each heat storage tank, Heat supply and heat exchange device and heat taking and exchanging device all are installed in the heat storage tank, between the Heat supply and heat exchange device in each heat storage tank and pass the accumulation of heat tank wall between the heat taking and exchanging device respectively and be connected, the Heat supply and heat exchange device and the heat taking and exchanging device that are positioned at row two ends heat storage tank all have interface to stretch out outside the heat storage tank.
2. phase-change material heat storage heat supply device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described heat storage tank inwall is provided with insulating.
3. phase-change material heat storage heat supply device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described phase-change material is packaged in the heat-storing sphere.
4. phase-change material heat storage heat supply device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described heat taking and exchanging device is provided with high pressure protector.
CN2010105280797A 2010-11-01 2010-11-01 Heat storage and heat supply device for phase-change material Pending CN101963469A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103375927A (en) * 2012-04-20 2013-10-30 北京昌日新能源科技有限公司 Solar phase-change energy storage tank
CN103940279A (en) * 2013-01-22 2014-07-23 武汉理工大学 Heat storage device
CN104789194A (en) * 2014-01-20 2015-07-22 广州贝特缪斯能源科技有限公司 Energy storage composite material, and preparation method thereof
CN105509524A (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-04-20 江卫 Rapid phase-change energy storage device with large phase-change volume ratio
CN105783087A (en) * 2014-12-26 2016-07-20 江苏同盛环保技术有限公司 Novel energy-saving energy storage type warmer
CN106247836A (en) * 2016-09-30 2016-12-21 天津宝成机械制造股份有限公司 A kind of electric heating converting system and regenerative apparatus thereof
CN106839848A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-06-13 浙江大学 Portable heat supply based on magnetic-particle heat transfer property orientation adjustment system and method stage by stage
CN107062974A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-08-18 青岛奥环新能源集团有限公司 Efficient heat energy step storage device
CN107355841A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-11-17 上海交通大学 A kind of electrically driven (operated) air source heat pump multi-mode heating system of low ebb
CN108036383A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-05-15 思安新能源股份有限公司 Waste heat heat accumulation recovery system
CN108413796A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-08-17 华南理工大学 A kind of temperature gradient energy storage heat exchanger
CN110274292A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-09-24 国电南瑞科技股份有限公司 A kind of heating system and method
CN111811017A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-10-23 北京市伟业供热设备有限责任公司 Step heat storage and supply system and method
CN112268476A (en) * 2020-10-13 2021-01-26 鲁励成 High temperature resistant heat storage and release insulation box
CN112682839A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-04-20 北京华厚能源科技有限公司 Radiation wall end device of cascade phase change capillary network for storing and supplying cold/heat
CN112985135A (en) * 2021-03-19 2021-06-18 北京工业大学 Micro heat pipe array type step phase change heat storage system
CN113804038A (en) * 2021-09-27 2021-12-17 北京安兴高科新能源发展有限公司 Composite phase change energy storage device and energy storage efficiency automatic adjusting method

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CN2685763Y (en) * 2004-03-18 2005-03-16 中山市长青科技发展有限公司 Energy-accumulating ball type electric water heater
CN201047689Y (en) * 2007-06-13 2008-04-16 上海海事大学 Device using natural cold energy between day and night temperature differential
WO2009123510A1 (en) * 2008-03-31 2009-10-08 Exencotech Ab A system and method for regenerating heat energy
CN201463683U (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-05-12 上海海事大学 Thermal storage device filled with phase-change material for reinforcing heat pipe
CN101782273A (en) * 2010-03-26 2010-07-21 华南理工大学 Heat transfer enhanced heat pump phase-change heat storage device

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CN2395216Y (en) * 1999-07-23 2000-09-06 浙江大学 Combined phase changing material heat storage device
CN2397439Y (en) * 1999-07-23 2000-09-20 浙江大学 Combined phase change material cylindrical heat storage unit
CN2685763Y (en) * 2004-03-18 2005-03-16 中山市长青科技发展有限公司 Energy-accumulating ball type electric water heater
CN201047689Y (en) * 2007-06-13 2008-04-16 上海海事大学 Device using natural cold energy between day and night temperature differential
WO2009123510A1 (en) * 2008-03-31 2009-10-08 Exencotech Ab A system and method for regenerating heat energy
CN201463683U (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-05-12 上海海事大学 Thermal storage device filled with phase-change material for reinforcing heat pipe
CN101782273A (en) * 2010-03-26 2010-07-21 华南理工大学 Heat transfer enhanced heat pump phase-change heat storage device

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103375927A (en) * 2012-04-20 2013-10-30 北京昌日新能源科技有限公司 Solar phase-change energy storage tank
CN103940279A (en) * 2013-01-22 2014-07-23 武汉理工大学 Heat storage device
CN104789194B (en) * 2014-01-20 2018-11-13 广州贝特缪斯能源科技有限公司 A kind of energy-storage composite material and its manufacturing method
CN104789194A (en) * 2014-01-20 2015-07-22 广州贝特缪斯能源科技有限公司 Energy storage composite material, and preparation method thereof
CN105783087A (en) * 2014-12-26 2016-07-20 江苏同盛环保技术有限公司 Novel energy-saving energy storage type warmer
CN105509524A (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-04-20 江卫 Rapid phase-change energy storage device with large phase-change volume ratio
CN106247836A (en) * 2016-09-30 2016-12-21 天津宝成机械制造股份有限公司 A kind of electric heating converting system and regenerative apparatus thereof
CN106839848A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-06-13 浙江大学 Portable heat supply based on magnetic-particle heat transfer property orientation adjustment system and method stage by stage
CN107062974A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-08-18 青岛奥环新能源集团有限公司 Efficient heat energy step storage device
CN107355841A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-11-17 上海交通大学 A kind of electrically driven (operated) air source heat pump multi-mode heating system of low ebb
CN108036383A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-05-15 思安新能源股份有限公司 Waste heat heat accumulation recovery system
CN108413796A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-08-17 华南理工大学 A kind of temperature gradient energy storage heat exchanger
CN110274292A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-09-24 国电南瑞科技股份有限公司 A kind of heating system and method
CN111811017A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-10-23 北京市伟业供热设备有限责任公司 Step heat storage and supply system and method
CN111811017B (en) * 2020-07-20 2022-03-01 北京热力装备制造有限公司 Step heat storage and supply system and method
CN112268476A (en) * 2020-10-13 2021-01-26 鲁励成 High temperature resistant heat storage and release insulation box
CN112682839A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-04-20 北京华厚能源科技有限公司 Radiation wall end device of cascade phase change capillary network for storing and supplying cold/heat
CN112985135A (en) * 2021-03-19 2021-06-18 北京工业大学 Micro heat pipe array type step phase change heat storage system
CN113804038A (en) * 2021-09-27 2021-12-17 北京安兴高科新能源发展有限公司 Composite phase change energy storage device and energy storage efficiency automatic adjusting method
CN113804038B (en) * 2021-09-27 2023-12-29 北京安兴高科新能源发展有限公司 Composite phase change energy storage device and automatic energy storage efficiency adjusting method

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Application publication date: 20110202