Summary of the invention
The present invention is that mechanics, the tribology principle from briquetting finds the technical progress scheme.
The present invention be a kind of by power, control, shearing, roll off, extrusion molding, finished product burnishing-in are broken off, the packaging arrangement device of weighing is formed, and the biomass extrusion molding that is installed in same frame is united unit.Concrete scheme is following.
1, it earlier gets into biological material by V shape, spirrillum, staggered being installed on the rotational shear blade wheel, and can with the SP of its turn be installed in barrel opening for feed place, the SP that is relatively fixed with it forms the cutting to length constructing apparatus.
The material of cutting off falls into the roll off constructing apparatus; This device is for gear pair mechanism, and this mechanism is shaped on the mechanism arrangement in the automatic adjusting gear of spring gap, can make material earlier via tooth top, again through the flank of tooth, arrive tooth root then; Again repeatedly via tooth root, again through the flank of tooth after the backing crack of squeezing stranding, backing, extruding relatively that material is carried out S shape of tooth top; Elastic force to biological material is degraded, and its sugar that includes part, xylogen are carried out thermalization melts and release extruding and ooze out, and makes the evenly staggered mixing of fiber; Both keep the sheet and shreds of certain fiber axial length netted and become, and the remollescent material.
This material is again through the feeding mouth of the constructing apparatus of the adjusting charging quantity that is shaped on pull or rotation; Fall into the extrusion molding constructing apparatus; This device has and is shaped on the main screw rod that drives many spiral head numbers, that become helix angle, that become the spiral distance, that become diameter; Be shaped on this screw rod by " shape crossfades into L shaped change flight, this screw rod external diameter with have the spiral fluted barrel and cooperate, form the pressing mechanism device; the barrel tail end place of this device fixedly mounts extrusion die simultaneously with screw and steady brace, make it to become the extrusion molding constructing apparatus of extrusion molding pair mechanism.
The interior system of extrusion die is put single, or a plurality of hollow die cavity pillar modules, and itself and poroid die sleeve piece are formed extrusion die.Can extrude out the tubular hollow type piece of single hole and become, or porous hollow type piece, or system is put the poroid die sleeve piece with spiral, straight convex tendon, groove in extrusion die, and form extrusion die.Can extrude out the circle of the groove band spiral, straight, convex tendon, the constructing apparatus of non-circular type piece.
The type piece of extruding breaks off constructing apparatus by the finished product burnishing-in that is installed on the extrusion die outer end again, with type build portion burnishing-in, and long as required the disconnection, to reduce scorification, fall into packing bag, case on the packaging arrangement device of weighing again, packing warehouse-in, or entrucking output.
It is by a motor, or by the PWR PLT of oil motor, control, shearing, roll off, extrusion molding, finished product burnishing-in break off, the packaging arrangement device of weighing is installed on the same frame, becomes the constructing apparatus of continuous manufacturing biomass type piece.
System is put the foam sponge or the rubber-plastics material of cellular absorption of noise on the housing of its shearing, backing, extrusion tectonics device, with noise reduction sound.
It installs horizontal adjustment for four jiaos in frame, and the vibration-reducing construction device of rubber or spring.
System wide cut additional wheel constructing apparatus on its road wheel in order in the paddy field, walking, becomes the biomass extrusion molding associating unit that can walk.
2, its extrusion molding constructing apparatus can be thrown on the frame in exit with the straw that supporting construction is installed in combined harvester; And connect with the opening for feed of extrusion forming device cloth bag or the soft of resilient material with soft material; And the constructing apparatus that the pulley on the power oil motor output shaft of the flywheel on the main drive shaft screw rod and combined harvester is connected with belt; To obtain power; Become to be installed in and get its power on the combined harvester, can be with the combined harvester walking, to the biomass extrusion molding associating unit of stalk briquette.
It can also drag shackle in frame one end system; With the pitman shaft that can roll over dress with can connect at the made shackle of putting that drags of combined harvester; To obtain walking power from combined harvester, be used in the made universal spline coupling constructing apparatus of putting in main drive shaft screw rod outer end, connect to obtain power with the PTO of combined harvester; The straw of combined harvester dished out mouthful connect with the soft material cloth bag is soft with montage constructing apparatus feeding mouth; Can carry out cutting to length, backing, extrusion molding to the stalk that gets in it, become the outer combining mechanomotive force of getting, unite unit with the vehicle biomass extrusion molding with what combined harvester was walked.
3, its extrusion molding constructing apparatus also can be by main bent axle, the crank connecting link of driving; System is put the universal ball end device, is put slideway in the system of fixedly mounting on the frame on supporting plate, the supporting plate on the slide block that links to each other with crank connecting link, the slide block, on the fixed slideway slide block is installed, and put can be with the dynamic model of slide block movement for system on the slide block; Dynamic model is corresponding with it; Be fixedly mounted on the cover half on the supporting plate on the frame simultaneously with screw, steady brace, i.e. extrusion die, it constitutes mould.Above mechanism arrangement is formed the extrusion molding constructing apparatus with the housing that collects material.
This mechanism arrangement is by the motor of the power constructing apparatus that the tightening belt setting device is arranged, or the pulley on the oil motor is through the belt drives flywheel, and flywheel is through in the clutch control that includes and the chock of drive installation on frame; Main driving bent axle geneva motion in the bearing; Or movement continuously, the main bent axle that drives drives crank connecting link and slide block above that, and makes on it with screw, steady brace fixed installation simultaneously and put; The dynamic model of the N drift identical with required biomass type piece profile; On the slideway and to-and-fro movement between housing, the drift on the dynamic model is pushed the biological material that gets into housing and is compressed to and the corresponding cover half of punch shape; Be that material gets in the extrusion die, extrude single hole, porous hollow type piece; Or with the drift on the dynamic model, material pushed in the poroid die sleeve piece in the extrusion die that is compressed on the cover half, extrude band spiral convex rib, groove, the biomass extrusion molding associating unit of straight convex tendon, the circle of groove, non-circular punching press type.
4, its extrusion molding constructing apparatus can also be the hydraulicefficiency system that is made up of the motor of power constructing apparatus or oil motor, shaft coupling, hydraulic oil pump, hydrauliccontrol valve, hydraulic reservoir and oil, oil pipe, whisky jack, and by being fixedly mounted on the screw block push rod, and the slide block that can on slideway, slide; System is put the universal ball end constructing apparatus on the slide block; On frame, fixedly mount supporting plate, system is put slideway on the supporting plate, on the fixed slideway slide block is installed; Put can be with the dynamic model of slide block movement for system on the slide block; Dynamic model is corresponding with it, is fixedly mounted on the cover half on the supporting plate on the frame, i.e. extrusion die simultaneously with screw, steady brace; It constitutes mould, and above mechanism arrangement is formed the extrusion molding constructing apparatus with the housing that collects material.
This constructing apparatus produces power for the hydraulicefficiency system constructing apparatus; And through the geneva motion of hydrauliccontrol valve control whisky jack, movement continuously; Drive its push rod and on slide block; And fixedly mount simultaneously on it with screw, steady brace, it is shaped on the dynamic model of the N drift identical with required biomass type piece profile, at reciprocating constructing apparatus on the slideway and between barrel.
Drift on the dynamic model of this constructing apparatus will get into the biological material of housing; Push and be compressed to and the corresponding cover half of punch shape; Be that material gets in the hollow die cavity pillar module and poroid die sleeve piece of extrusion die, extrude single hole and become, porous hollow type block structure device.With the drift on the dynamic model with material; Push in the poroid die sleeve block structure device in the extrusion die that is compressed on the cover half, and become the biomass extrusion molding associating unit of the hydraulic of the circle that squeezes out band spiral convex rib or groove, straight convex tendon or groove or non-circular type piece.
The biomass fuel briquetting is under the prerequisite of not adding tamanori; Biological material dodges temperature by the mechanical presses friction, dodges temperature the mechanical property of biological material is changed, and heats up again; And then be incubated jointly with briquetting press again; With machinery squeeze roll can be converted into thermalization melt release can, cause its sugar that includes part, xylogen oozes out, and makes further its elastic stress of degraded of the expanded back of material appropriateness; Make material fiber surrender plastic deformation, and press by himself rolling that the sugar that oozes out part, xylogen fine and closely bind extrusion moulding, the cooling typing forms.
The utility model is because find the key of the technology of optimizing briquetting method of manufacture, technology, constructing apparatus, so, and then find the optimisation technique scheme of the constructing apparatus of making extrusion molding associating unit.
The utility model is at first broken independently processing scheme, technology, the device layout of dispersive that the hand hay cutter of background technology is cut pulverizing, transported material loading, extrusion molding, and collecting is a machine, and has created new constructing apparatus.Promptly, shearing, roll off, screw extruding briquetting constructing apparatus are formed biomass extrusion molding associating unit, abbreviate the A scheme as earlier with the axial cutting to length of material.
The utility model also has through shearing, roll the material of rolling, or the material (like the mushroom slag charge) that need not to shear, roll rolling gets into the machine die combination, and the unit that the extrusion molding constructing apparatus of punching press type is formed abbreviates it as D scheme.
The utility model also has through shearing, roll the material of rolling, or the material that need not shear, roll rolling gets into the unit of hydraulic pressure and the extrusion molding constructing apparatus composition of the hydraulic of die assembly, abbreviates it as E scheme.
D scheme, the E scheme of the utility model are the same with the A scheme, also are the schemes that adopts a power constructing apparatus.
B scheme, C scheme are the outer cases that joins the combining mechanomotive force of getting, and are the scheme of self unpowered device.
The bearing of the main drive shaft screw rod of the utility model places outside the barrel, and the main drive shaft screw rod places on the two bearings on the frame, therefore avoids the rolling bearing of the squeegee roller of background technology to sink into dust, earth and is difficult for the technical deficiency of heat radiation.Both conveniently kept a public place clean, oil injecting lubricating, reduce hot-tempered sound again, also be prone to heat radiation, thereby increase the service life.
The utility model is established the wide cut additional wheel that can roll over dress on road wheel, be beneficial to its slob walking in the paddy field, for realizing creating conditions with the combination of combined harvester.
The utility model is established horizontal adjustment structure, and the rubber of damping or the device of spring at support four jiaos, to reduce noise.
The utility model is at the extrusion molding constructing apparatus and roll the opening for feed place of rolling between constructing apparatus and establish drawing and pulling type, or the dosed setting device in revolving adjusting opening for feed space, reaching the even at the uniform velocity charging of measuring.
The utility model is installed in operating control device (case) on the fuselage, accounts for area less, handled easily, and be beneficial to safety.
The technical progress that the utility model highlights most is to start the extrusion molding constructing apparatus that various ways is installed on combined harvester, thereby realize having on the cropper biomass extrusion molding associating unit.From then on make combined harvester that new function, assembly are arranged.Thereby realize the B scheme of the utility model.
The utility model drags shackle in frame one end system, and can roll over the pitman shaft of dress, and the drag shackle made with combined harvester connects, interlock.But and in main drive shaft screw rod outer end the made universal spline coupling of putting adjustable to roll adjustment, connect with the PTO of combined harvester, obtain extruding power.Thereby realize the C scheme of the utility model.
The scenarios of the extrusion molding constructing apparatus of the utility model; All adopt and use screw, the hard-wired structure installation mold of steady brace etc. simultaneously; So can accomplish to install adjusted accurate location, during the dismounting maintenance, constructing apparatus such as installation mold assembly equally can precisely reset; And improve manufacturing, setting accuracy, speed, and reduce cost.
The utility model is owing to adopt to shear, roll and roll over and the extrusion molding unit structural scheme on the frame that coexists; And there is the scheme of the extrusion molding constructing apparatus of many kinds of A, B, C, D, E that selection can be provided; Can adopt the special constructing apparatus of distributing technical scheme rationally to different material, improve work efficiency.
Especially the utility model can have been avoided combined harvester is shed technical deficiency from stalk to the field; Its technical deficiency become on the contrary both saved the cost that collects, transports; Evaded collecting into the risk that buttress is prone to the ignition calamity again, also solved in the field the air-polluting problem of burning straw from the source.Thereby the technical progress that promotes, improves the deep process technology at random of agricultural machine, combined harvester.For row's carbon falls in country from the source, promote environmental quality novel equipment is provided.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a biomass extrusion molding combination machine picture group.
Among Fig. 1; 1 be V shape SP, 2 for the spirrillum SP, 3 for staggered SP, 4 for rotational shear blade wheel, 5 for belt, 6 for flywheel, 7 for bearing, 42 for getting sponge for cellular for housing, 40 with 1,2,3 corresponding fixed shear blades, 39; Rubber-plastics material, 41 is an opening for feed, by on it and associated components etc. form the shear structure device.Connecting by motor (or oil motor) 28, through pulley 29, belt 30, flywheel 14, main drive shaft screw rod 20, pulley 13, belt 5, flywheel 6 provides the motion of power wheel drive shear structure device.Through the material of shearing 38, fall into and roll the gear pair of rolling over structure.37 be master gear, 36 for passive gear, 35 overload protection arrangements, 8 for the compensation of the automatic adjusting play on driven wheel gear pair wheelbase for belt, 9 is flywheel, form and roll the rolling constructing apparatus by reaching associated components etc. it on.By motor 28, through 29, belt 30, flywheel 14, pulley 12, belt 8, flywheel 9 connects that power is provided, drive to roll to roll over structure and will get into its interior material and roll rolling.Rolling material after the rolling goes into opening for feed 10, gets into the extrusion molding constructing apparatus through the adjusting feeding unit 11 of pull or rotation.
18 serve as reasons for supporting construction, 19 for flywheel, 21 for having spiral fluted barrel, 14 " shape is changed L shaped flight-shaped flight, 20 into for many spiral head numbers; become helix angle; become the spiral distance; becomes flight-shaped; become screw diameter the main drive shaft screw rod, can the extrusion molding structure be installed on the frame through supporting construction 21; or be installed on the combined harvester frame, 22 for extrusion die, 24 for the circle of the built-in groove band spiral or straight of extrusion die or convex tendon or non-circular poroid die sleeve piece, 26 for the hollow die cavity pillar module, 47 that is embedded in the die sleeve piece is that screw, 48 is a steady brace, form the extrusion molding constructing apparatus by reaching associated components on it.And power is provided by 28, through 29,30,14,20, drive of the material extrusion molding of extrusion molding constructing apparatus to getting into.23 for the finished product burnishing-in breaks off constructing apparatus, and the briquetting of extruding is broken off by it.
27 are the packaging arrangement of weighing, and it is with weigh packing warehouse-in or dispatch from the factory of the briquetting that breaks off.
32 is frame.Each constructing apparatus is installed on it.
25 is the vibration-control system of horizontal adjustment and rubber or spring.
15 for being installed in the wide cut additional wheel on the road wheel.
44 is operating control device.By it power is connected, controls, operates with each constructing apparatus.Accomplish biomass extrusion molding associating unit thus.
17 is the pulley on the oil motor of combined harvester.Can obtain power from it, give flywheel with transmission of power, transmit each constructing apparatus work of the utility model by it by belt 16.For realizing the random walk briquetting, set up structure, dynamic condition like this.Thereby realize the B scheme of the utility model.
43 is to be made shackle on the combined harvester at shackle made on the frame, 45 for dismountable pitman shaft, 46.With pitman shaft 45 frame shackle 43 and combined harvester shackle 46 are linked up, the power of setting up with the combination machine walking connects.Thereby realize the C scheme of the utility model.
31 is the main made universal spline coupling constructing apparatus in outer end that drives.Connect with the output shaft of oil motor on the combined harvester with it and to get its power, pass to a plurality of constructing apparatus work of the utility model by it.
33 for rack support structure, 34 be the combined harvester frame.With 33 frame 32 is installed on the combined harvester frame 34, but becomes the associating unit assembly of random walk.
Fig. 2 is the D conceptual scheme of the extrusion molding constructing apparatus of biomass extrusion molding associating unit.
Among Fig. 2; 47 for screw, 48 for steady brace, 49 for cover half be extrusion die, 50 and 62 for supporting plate, 51 for slideway, 52 for drift, 53 for slide block, 54 for from the universal ball end device of aligning, 55 supports for supporting crankshaft, flywheel etc., 56 for the setting device of tightening belt, 57 for motor or oil motor and pulley PWR PLT, 58 for belt, 61 is the flywheel that includes clutch coupling, by reaching the extrusion molding D scheme that associated components is formed the mechanical stamping formula on it.
Fig. 3 is the E conceptual scheme of the extrusion molding constructing apparatus of biomass extrusion molding machine group.
Among Fig. 3; 47 for screw, 48 for steady brace, 49 for cover half be extrusion die, 50 and 62 for ejecting plate, 51 for slideway, 52 for drift, 53 for slide block, 54 for the PWR PLT beaten for motor or oil motor for shaft coupling, 64 from the universal ball end device of aligning, 63,65 for oil pump, 66 for fuel tank, 67 for hydrauliccontrol valve, 68 for oil pipe, 69 is whisky jack, by reaching the extrusion molding E scheme that associated components is formed fluid pressure type on it.