CN202451298U - Flywheel turbine - Google Patents

Flywheel turbine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202451298U
CN202451298U CN2011204269127U CN201120426912U CN202451298U CN 202451298 U CN202451298 U CN 202451298U CN 2011204269127 U CN2011204269127 U CN 2011204269127U CN 201120426912 U CN201120426912 U CN 201120426912U CN 202451298 U CN202451298 U CN 202451298U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flywheel
chamber
firing chamber
gas mixer
machine
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011204269127U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈久斌
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陈久斌
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Priority to CN201110209313 priority Critical
Priority to CN201110209313.4 priority
Priority to CN201110295652 priority
Priority to CN201110295652.9 priority
Application filed by 陈久斌 filed Critical 陈久斌
Priority to CN2011204269127U priority patent/CN202451298U/en
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Publication of CN202451298U publication Critical patent/CN202451298U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/12Improving ICE efficiencies

Abstract

The utility model discloses a flywheel turbine, which comprises a shell, a fuel supply device, an ignition device and a starting device, wherein a flywheel shaft is arranged on the shell and is connected with the starting device; at least one flywheel is arranged on the flywheel shaft; at least one combustion chamber is arranged on the flywheel; the ignition device is arranged in a way of corresponding to the combustion chamber; the combustion chamber is provided with a combustion chamber gas inlet and a combustion chamber gas outlet; the area of the combustion chamber gas inlet is greater than that of the combustion chamber gas outlet; the gas outlet direction of the combustion chamber and the radius of the flywheel form an inclined angle; a gas mixing chamber is arranged on the flywheel; the radius of the axial cross section of the gas mixing chamber is smaller than a distance between the combustion chamber gas outlet and the axis of the flywheel; the combustion chamber gas inlet is formed at the periphery of the gas mixing chamber; a gas mixing chamber gas inlet is formed at one end of the gas mixing chamber; and the fuel supply device is arranged in a way of corresponding to the gas mixing chamber gas inlet. The flywheel turbine can output torsion and thrust, can be used as a jet engine, also can be used as the conventional engine and can be widely applied to the fields of vehicle and ship power, aviation power, aerospace power, thermal power generation and the like.

Description

Flywheel machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to power equipment, engine art, specifically is a kind of Flywheel machine.
Background technique
Existing heat energy method for transformation; The method complex structure of conversion of heat into kinetic energy, the energy loss that medium tache causes is too many, and energy transformation ratio is too low simultaneously, makes device fabrication become very complicated; Equipment manufacturing cost is high; Capacity usage ratio is low, causes congenital design theory defective, causes technical bottleneck to be difficult to break through.
Existing motor mainly contains internal-combustion engine and jet engine, and there is the principle birth defect in internal-combustion engine, has defectives such as weight is big, rotating speed is low, energy consumption is high, discharge amount is big, noise is high, cost is high, maintenance cost is high, working life is short; There are defectives such as thrust is little, jet velocity is low, cost is high, energy consumption is high, harmful gas emission is big, maintenance cost is high, working life is short in jet engine.The energy loss that complex structure, medium tache cause is too many, and energy transformation ratio is too low simultaneously.There is the defective on the geneogenous design theory in internal-combustion engine, though cause technical development very ripe to today, because birth defects have also broken through not low this difficult problem of capacity usage ratio.
The model utility content
The utility model provides a kind of Flywheel machine, adopts brand-new heat energy transform mode.Overcome the problems that exist with front engine, capacity usage ratio is high, and fuel combustion is abundant; Noxious gas emission is few, more environmental protection; Improved the power output of motor greatly; Simplified the structure of motor greatly.The utility model can make Flywheel machine get final product also exportable flywheel end thrust of outputting torsion or flywheel axial tension through adjustment firing chamber outgassing direction.
The disclosed Flywheel machine of the utility model; Of many uses: can be directly as motor; Get final product the also exportable thrust of outputting torsion; Promptly can be used as various conventional engines and use, also can be used as the Aeronautics and Astronautics motor and use, can be widely used in fields such as car and boat power, thermal power generation, machinery power, aircraft, airship, rocket.
The utility model is realized through following technological scheme for realizing above-mentioned purpose:
Flywheel machine comprises housing, fuel supplying device, ignition mechanism, starting drive, and flywheel shaft is installed on the housing; Flywheel shaft connects starting drive, and a flywheel is installed on the flywheel shaft at least, and a firing chamber is set on the flywheel at least; Respective combustion chamber is provided with ignition mechanism, and air inlet of combustion chamber and air outlet, firing chamber are established in the firing chamber, and the air inlet of combustion chamber area is greater than air outlet, firing chamber area; Firing chamber outgassing direction and flywheel radius are the angle of inclination; Gas mixer chamber is set on the flywheel, and gas mixer chamber axial cross section radius is less than the distance of air outlet, firing chamber to the flywheel axle center, and the gas mixer chamber periphery is established air inlet of combustion chamber; Gas mixer chamber one end is established the gas mixer chamber suction port, and corresponding gas mixer chamber suction port is provided with fuel supplying device.The air outlet, firing chamber is communicated with nozzle chamber, and nozzle chamber's inner chamber is expanded to flywheel outer rim direction opening.The flywheel periphery is provided with a plurality of firing chambers; Firing chamber central axis and gas mixer chamber central axis are and intersect angle; Firing chamber inner chamber cross section is circular, and air inlet of combustion chamber is located on the inner chamber circumference of firing chamber, and the air outlet, firing chamber is located on the central axis of firing chamber; Air outlet, firing chamber cross sectional area is provided with block body less than maximum cross section, firing chamber area near the ignition mechanism.The firing chamber is provided with communication passage each other.The multiple tracks air-flow path is set in the flywheel.Establish supercharging device in the gas mixer chamber suction port.Blade is set on the supercharging device; The blade outer rim is arranged on the gas mixer chamber inwall; Blade and flywheel shaft are to being the angle of inclination, and blade area is dwindled again after the gas mixer chamber suction port strengthens in gas mixer chamber gradually gradually, and the blade inner edge that blade area is dwindled the zone gradually is provided with the baffle cover.Be provided with many in the housing and adopt hot channel.A plurality of flywheels are installed on the flywheel shaft.The plane perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber outgassing direction and flywheel place is the angle of inclination.
The advantage of the utility model is: utilize brand-new heat energy method for transformation, made full use of circular movement and fluid motion, overcome the problems that available engine exists, simplified structure greatly.The energy loss that its medium tache causes is few, and capacity usage ratio is high.It can use multiple gases, liquid, powdered fuel.Its thermal efficiency is high, and energy transforms more fully.This motor is the eddy current sustained combustion, sufficient combustion, and environmental protection more, improve working life greatly, and cost reduces greatly.Flywheel machine can be realized high rotating speed, and Flywheel machine continues acting, has improved power output greatly, and jet thrust makes it improve moment of torsion greatly, and it has simplified structure greatly.
This Flywheel machine can make the Flywheel machine outputting torsion or export flywheel end thrust or flywheel axial tension through adjustment firing chamber outgassing direction, can be widely used in power equipment fields such as car, ship, Aeronautics and Astronautics, thermal power generation.Can be used for various Aeronautics and Astronautics aircraft, energy consumption can reduce greatly, and cost also reduces greatly, and performance is more reliable, can improve flying power greatly, improves flying speed greatly, reduces the flight noise greatly, reduces equipment manufacturing cost greatly.The rocket voyage can be improved, the rocket volume and weight can be dwindled.
It produces a thrust that remains huge acceleration, and it can make aircraft speed improve constantly, and makes aircraft realize ultra high speed.Advance the energy that numerous particles carry in the air-flow can be converted into the thrust to aircraft fully, can make aircraft more energy-conservation, it can make aircraft realize lower energy consumption.
It can be used for various car and boat power, and the jet thrust promotion car and boat that Flywheel machine capable of using produces advance or retreat, and produce brand-new jet power car and boat, can reequip existing car and boat.Can cancel machine driven systems such as clutch, speed changer, transmission shaft, drive wheel, propeller cavitation, can bring simplify manipulative procedure, improve handling, improve car and boat speed, alleviate tire wear, reduce car body weight, cut down the consumption of energy, balancing vehicle antero posterior axis weight distribution, save interior space, alleviate wheel and rail wear, plurality of advantages such as balance hull.
The utlity model has the working life of cheap user cost, overlength, ultra wide fuel Applicable scope, ultra wide using scope; Energy-conserving and environment-protective, in light weight, noise is low, ultralow vibrations, power is big, power range is wide, speed range is wide, moment of torsion is big, little or the like the advantage of volume, the utility model can solve Motor Vehicle basically, aircraft noise pollutes and atmospheric pollution.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the utility model agent structure schematic representation;
Accompanying drawing 2 is main TV structure schematic representation of one of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 3 is that the A-A of accompanying drawing 2 is to the sectional structure schematic representation;
Accompanying drawing 4 is main TV structure schematic representation of two of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 5 is that the B-B of accompanying drawing 4 is to analysing and observe the structure for amplifying schematic representation;
Accompanying drawing 6 is that the C-C of accompanying drawing 4 is to the sectional structure schematic representation
Accompanying drawing 7 is main TV structure schematic representation of three of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 8 is main TV structure schematic representation of four of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 9 is that the D-D of accompanying drawing 8 is to the sectional structure schematic representation
Accompanying drawing 10 is main TV structure schematic representation of five of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 11 is main TV structure schematic representation of six of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 12 is main TV structure schematic representation of seven of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 13 is main TV structure schematic representation of eight of the utility model embodiment;
Embodiment
The agent structure of the utility model is: Flywheel machine, comprise housing 1, fuel supplying device 2, ignition mechanism 3, starting drive 4, and flywheel shaft 6 is installed on the housing 1; Flywheel shaft 6 connects starting drive 4; A flywheel 7 is installed on the flywheel shaft 6 at least, a firing chamber 11 is set on the flywheel 7 at least, respective combustion chamber 11 is provided with ignition mechanism 3; Air inlet of combustion chamber 13 and air outlet, firing chamber 14 are established in firing chamber 11; Air inlet of combustion chamber 13 areas are greater than air outlet, firing chamber 14 areas, and firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel radius are the angle of inclination, and gas mixer chamber 8 is set on the flywheel 7; Gas mixer chamber 8 axial cross section radiuses are less than the distance of air outlet, firing chamber 14 to the flywheel axle center; Gas mixer chamber 8 peripheries are established air inlet of combustion chamber 13, and gas mixer chamber 8 one ends are established gas mixer chamber suction port 9, and corresponding gas mixer chamber suction port 9 is provided with fuel supplying device 2.
Housing 1 also is the casing and the support of Flywheel machine, and housing also can be processed feed bin or directly replace housing with feed bin when Flywheel machine used as Thermal Equipment.Can add thermal insulation layer on the housing reduces energy loss and plays sound deadening simultaneously.Heat recovering device collection and utilization waste heat also can be set in the housing, make Flywheel machine more energy-conservation.Support etc. can be set in the housing be used for stablizing internal structure etc., a lot of supporting facility of Flywheel machine can be set on housing, housing can be reserved access hole, time spent access hole sealing.Also can directly replace the support effect of housing with generator, speed changer or aircraft cabin body etc.
Fuel supplying device 2 comprises fuel pipe, petrolift, atomization spray cap etc., and Flywheel machine can use liquid, gas, pressed powder, fuel combination etc., can select different fuel supply feedways for use according to different fuel, and powdered fuel can be used gas delivery.Igniter fuel can be set, and available explosive fuel is lighted a fire, and can use other fuel that is difficult for lighting after the Flywheel machine igniting, the control fuel feed, i.e. and may command Flywheel machine rotating speed and power output size, the fuel shutoff supply can realize the Flywheel machine truce.When using fuel that diesel oil etc. is difficult for lighting as main fuel; In order not influence Flywheel machine igniting next time, Flywheel machine switches to igniter fuel with fuel before ceasing fire; Flywheel machine is worked on for a moment; The fuel afterburnt that igniter is difficult for lighting in Flywheel machine, cut off igniter fuel again, finally realize the Flywheel machine truce.
Ignition mechanism 3 comprises power supply, switch, high-tension transformer, circuit, spark plug, igniter etc.; Power supply can be provided with generator; Generator drives generating by Flywheel machine and gives the charging of power supply storage battery, also can directly utilize external power supply, thereby save facilities such as generator and storage battery.
Starting drive 4 comprises power supply, switch, circuit, starter motor, transmission device etc., when Flywheel machine uses, need start by starting drive, obtains initial rotational speed.Also can utilize starting drive to generate electricity simultaneously.
Flywheel shaft 6 is installed on the housing 1.Housing 1 can be installed flywheel shaft 6 through whirligig, and whirligig can adopt bearing or bearing shell etc., can adopt various lubricating bearings, can adopt oil lubrication or grease lubrication, also can adopt nonlubricated bearings such as ceramic bearing, silicon nitride bearing, graphite bearing.Flywheel machine can be realized high rotating speed, can adopt high-speed bearing or high speed bearing shell, can improve the power of Flywheel machine greatly.
Flywheel shaft 6 connects starting drive 4.Starting drive 4 can be installed on the flywheel shaft, and starting drive drives the flywheel shaft rotation, thereby initial speed is provided for Flywheel machine.
A flywheel 7 is installed on the flywheel shaft 6 at least.But simplified structure when on the flywheel shaft 6 flywheel being installed; Can better improve power when a plurality of flywheel is installed on the flywheel shaft 6, can two flywheels be one group for saving the space, and two flywheels can lean against together or be fabricated directly in together each other.
A firing chamber 11 is set on the flywheel 7 at least.Cross section can be arranged to for circular in firing chamber 11, and it is smooth and easy to help in the firing chamber air motion.When a firing chamber is set on the flywheel 7, can firing chamber 11 and flywheel 7 be located on same the spin axis, make the coaxial rotation of firing chamber and flywheel, the centrifugal force that utilizes rotation to produce makes fuel mixture be thrown to firing chamber 11 peripheries; When a firing chamber 11 is set on the flywheel 7, also can firing chamber 11 be arranged on the flywheel periphery, during Flywheel machine work, flywheel shaft be swung along certain limit, can be used as the occasion of special-purpose applications in some special requirements; In order to improve space availability ratio, improve power, improve firing effect, the flywheel periphery can be provided with a plurality of firing chambers, can realize that the flywheel axial rotary is stable.
Respective combustion chamber 11 is provided with ignition mechanism 3.Ignition mechanisms such as spark plug can be installed in firing chamber 11, also can realize igniting with two electrodes, can two electrodes be left certain distance to be installed in the firing chamber, this relatively is applicable to small-sized Flywheel machine.When the bags is big, a plurality of ignition mechanisms 3 can be set in the firing chamber, can light a fire more easily.Spark plug can be installed on the chamber wall, and near the chamber wall the spark plug can cave in one, and spark plug is arranged on sunk area, keeps out the wind in depressed area capable of using, makes spark plug realize igniting more easily.Can one or more electrodes be installed near spark plug wiring terminal position, a circle high-field electrode preferably be installed, electrode tie point ignition circuit; The wiring terminal that makes spark plug when spark plug is installed is near electrode; Reserve certain interval, high-tension electricity punctures the gap, realizes the circuit connection.When one or more electrode was installed, along with the flywheel rotation, spark plug moved near the electrode, and high-tension electricity punctures air and realizes that circuit connects, and realizes plug ignition.
Air inlet of combustion chamber 13 and air outlet, firing chamber 14 are established in firing chamber 11.When a firing chamber 11 was set on the flywheel 7, air inlet of combustion chamber 13 can be opened in firing chamber 11 1 ends, and fuel mixture is directly got in the firing chamber, and air outlet, firing chamber 14 can be located on the periphery of firing chamber, and air outlet, a plurality of firing chamber 14 can be set; When a plurality of firing chamber 11 is set on the flywheel 7; Air inlet of combustion chamber 13 can be opened on the circular side wall of firing chamber; Can make better to form eddy current in the firing chamber, eddy current can improve the holdup time of air-flow in the firing chamber, can better keep burning; Air outlet, firing chamber 14 can be located on the medial axis, firing chamber, and each firing chamber can be provided with air outlet, a firing chamber 14.Air inlet of combustion chamber 13 areas are greater than air outlet, firing chamber 14 areas.Throw away from air outlet, firing chamber 14 after can making air-flow in the firing chamber, be pressurized the formation pressurized gas, after in a single day fuel mixture was lighted, 14 ejections formed jet thrusts from the air outlet, firing chamber can to form high temperature and high pressure gas, promote the flywheel rotation.The ratio of air inlet of combustion chamber area and air outlet, firing chamber area can be with reference to athodyd air inlet/outlet area ratio.
Firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel radius are the angle of inclination.Angle is optional between firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel radius has a multiple angles; Theoretical calculation: about 30 ° of best angles; Can utilize jet thrust to help flywheel to offset a part of centrifugal force, can realize more high speed rotating of flywheel, can reduce requirement the flywheel material.The angle of inclination of adjustment firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel radius can change the adaptive capacity of Flywheel machine to rotating speed.The Plane Angle perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel place is 0 when spending; Flywheel machine can only outputting torsion; When the plane perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel place was the angle of inclination, Flywheel machine can also exportable flywheel end thrust of outputting torsion or flywheel axial tension.
Gas mixer chamber 8 is set on the flywheel 7.Gas mixer chamber 8 can be made into one with flywheel, also can be made into split.Gas mixer chamber 8 evenly mixes air-flow with flywheel rotation synchronously, utilizes rotary centrifugal force that gas is sucked in the gas mixer chamber simultaneously.
Gas mixer chamber 8 axial cross section radiuses are less than the distance of air outlet, firing chamber 14 to the flywheel axle center.Can make mixed gas under centrifugal action to air outlet, firing chamber 14 directions motions, centrifugal force capable of using is avoided tempering, makes the flywheel promptly can ignition operation.
Gas mixer chamber 8 peripheries are established air inlet of combustion chamber 13.Air inlet of combustion chamber 13 can be connected on the cross section of gas mixer chamber 8 one ends or on the periphery; When only having an air inlet of combustion chamber 13, air inlet of combustion chamber 13 can directly be connected with gas mixer chamber 8 one ends or periphery, and gas mixer chamber and firing chamber are become one.
Gas mixer chamber 8 one ends are established gas mixer chamber suction port 9.Gas mixer chamber and flywheel can make fluid get into from gas mixer chamber 8 one ends on an axis, make and form the eddy current that increases progressively of rotating speed from the center to the periphery in the gas mixer chamber.
Corresponding gas mixer chamber suction port 9 is provided with fuel supplying device 2.Fuel pipe can be installed on housing, and the fuel pipe end is positioned near the gas mixer chamber suction port 9.Liquid fuel can add atomizer nozzle in the fuel pipe outlet, can be with petrolift with the fuel pressurized delivered, and gaseous direct fuel is arranged on gas mixer chamber suction port 9 vicinity with the fuel pipe outlet and gets final product, and fuel can be by gas self pressure automatic transport.The control fuel flow rate can be realized Flywheel machine rotating speed, power adjustments, and fuel control valve can be set, and fuel control valve is connected with accelerator control device realizes control.
In order to prevent that waste gas from getting into Flywheel machine, isolating plate can be set on housing, isolating plate, is close to flywheel and is not contacted with flywheel with inner region near the flywheel edge.The rotation of flywheel capable of using is thrown waste gas away, can not get in the flywheel edge.
Flywheel can be used multiple material; Generally, multiple alloy material, foamed material etc. can be used, the casting technique once-through can be adopted; Also can use the means of a powder metallurgy technique manufacturing; Also can use the heat-resistant, high strength pottery, can form, can improve working life greatly with disposable the firing of stupalith.For further improving flywheel intensity, can attach graphite fiber or other Materials with High Strength on flywheel surface and flywheel periphery bag, can graphite fiber or other Materials with High Strength be made suit, be sleeved on the flywheel, can improve flywheel intensity better, can further improve the flywheel rotating speed.
The motor that the Flywheel machine of this agent structure can be used as torsion output uses; The motor that also can be used as thrust output uses; Flywheel rotation makes and forms the eddy current that increases progressively of rotating speed from the center to the periphery in the gas mixer chamber, fuel and air is sucked in the gas mixer chamber automatically mix, and fuel mixture gets into the firing chamber under action of centrifugal force; Throw away from the air outlet, firing chamber; Form pressurized gas in edge of combustion chamber, ignition device makes fuel mix gas firing formation high temperature and high pressure gas, and ejection forms jet thrust from the air outlet, firing chamber, promotes the flywheel rotation.The Plane Angle perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel place is 0 when spending; Flywheel machine can only outputting torsion; When the plane perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel place was the angle of inclination, Flywheel machine can also exportable flywheel end thrust of outputting torsion or flywheel axial tension.Can be used as general equipment powered by conventional energy and use, can be widely used in fields such as car, ship, machinery power, thermal power generation, heat supply.The heat-conducting mediums such as waste heating water that Flywheel machine capable of using is discharged during heat supply can make full use of waste heat.
One of the utility model embodiment's structure: on the agent structure basis, air outlet, firing chamber 14 is communicated with nozzle chamber 12, and nozzle chamber's 12 inner chambers are expanded to flywheel 7 outer rim direction openings.Air outlet, firing chamber 14 is communicated with nozzle chamber 12, makes the high temperature and high pressure gas of firing chamber ejection get into nozzle chamber, and nozzle chamber's 12 inner chambers can better improve jet velocity to the expansion of flywheel 7 outer rim direction openings, and the better utilization energy can improve Flywheel machine efficient.Air outlet, firing chamber place, nozzle chamber's inwall will make that the lines flow smoothly, form the streamline shape, make air motion smooth and easy, alleviate wearing and tearing.
The motor that the present embodiment Flywheel machine can be used as torsion output uses; The motor that also can be used as thrust output uses; Flywheel rotation makes and forms the eddy current that increases progressively of rotating speed from the center to the periphery in the gas mixer chamber, fuel and air is sucked in the gas mixer chamber automatically mix, and fuel mixture gets into the firing chamber under action of centrifugal force; Throw away from the air outlet, firing chamber; Form pressurized gas in edge of combustion chamber, ignition device makes fuel mix gas firing formation high temperature and high pressure gas, and ejection forms jet thrust from the air outlet, firing chamber, promotes the flywheel rotation.The Plane Angle perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel place is 0 when spending; Flywheel machine can only outputting torsion; When the plane perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel place was the angle of inclination, Flywheel machine can also exportable flywheel end thrust of outputting torsion or flywheel axial tension.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, and efficient is higher, and is more energy-conservation.
The utility model embodiment's two structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics; Flywheel 7 peripheries are provided with a plurality of firing chambers 11; Firing chamber central axis and gas mixer chamber 8 central axis are and intersect angle; Firing chamber 11 inner chamber cross sections are circular, and air inlet of combustion chamber 13 is located on the 11 inner chamber circumference of firing chamber, and air outlet, firing chamber 14 is located on the central axis of firing chamber; Air outlet, firing chamber 14 cross sectional areas are provided with block body 50 less than firing chamber 11 maximum cross section areas near the ignition mechanism 3.Flywheel 7 peripheries are provided with a plurality of firing chambers 11, in order to improve space availability ratio, improve power, improve firing effect, and the flywheel periphery can be tried one's best is provided with several firing chambers more, can realize that the flywheel axial rotary is stable.Firing chamber central axis and gas mixer chamber 8 central axis are and intersect angle; Firing chamber 11 inner chamber cross sections are circular; Air inlet of combustion chamber 13 is located on the 11 inner chamber circumference of firing chamber; Air outlet, firing chamber 14 is located on the central axis of firing chamber, and fluid motion inertia capable of using makes fuel mixture pour in the firing chamber along cross section tangential, firing chamber and goes out from air outlet, firing chamber 14 behind eddy current that increases progressively from the periphery to the center rotating speed of formation.Air outlet, firing chamber 14 is located on the lumen centers axis of firing chamber, can better form the jet of rotating speed increases progressively to the center from the periphery screw propulsion.The line of firing chamber 11 lumen centers axis and nozzle chamber's 12 lumen centers axis is arranged to circular arc line, and the radian of circular arc line can equate with the radian at flywheel edge, can make firing chamber and nozzle chamber's fluid movement more smooth and easy.Air inlet of combustion chamber 13 outers are concordant with gas mixer chamber 8 inwalls, can avoid air-flow by disturbance, and fuel mixture is cut in the firing chamber under effect of inertia more swimmingly, in the firing chamber, form the eddy current that rotating speed increases progressively to the center from the periphery.The low structure of the high side of a side is arranged in air inlet of combustion chamber 13 outers, and the lower structure of a side towards flywheel sense of rotation the place ahead can further improve rotational speed of eddy current in the firing chamber.High more helping more of flywheel rotating speed forms eddy current in the firing chamber, can improve the rotational speed of eddy current in the firing chamber more.Air outlet, firing chamber 14 cross sectional areas are less than firing chamber 11 maximum cross section areas.Help improving chamber pressure, improve the firing chamber heat storage capacity, can make the firing chamber keep burning better.Block body 50 is set near the ignition mechanism 3; Block body 50 can be arranged on air inlet of combustion chamber 13 limits, can stop along the fuel mixture of flywheel radial motion, makes and better forms the eddy current that rotating speed increases progressively to the center from the periphery in the firing chamber; Ignition mechanism 3 is installed in block body 50 back; Block body 50 can make near the air-flow reduction of speed the ignition mechanism 3, avoids high velocity air that kindling material is taken away fast, can realize igniting better.Flame has diffusion velocity, and when airspeed was too fast, flame had little time diffusion, is promptly taken out of the firing chamber, causes ignition difficulties, and block body 50 can address this problem well.
The further structure of present embodiment is: firing chamber 11 is provided with communication passage 25 each other.Can be in the firing chamber middle and lower part of lumen centers axis offer communication passage 25; Communication passage 25 can be arranged to pipe-like; Communication passage can make the mutual UNICOM in each firing chamber, can realize igniting better, ignition difficulties or the dead fiery phenomenon of avoiding indivedual firing chambers to cause because of igniter failure.Communication passage can better make the firing chamber keep burning, can play the effect that keeps in a fire, and causes flame-outly in the time of can avoiding motor significantly to reduce throttle, and Flywheel machine is worked more normally.Communication passage 25 can be regarded the part of firing chamber as, and big-block engine also can be arranged on ignition mechanisms such as spark plug, igniter in the communication passage 25.
Present embodiment structure further is: multiple tracks air-flow path 15 is set in the flywheel.Air-flow path 15 inlet ends are opened in the central region on flywheel plane; To flywheel outer rim expansion opening; Can make flywheel as draught fan impeller, cooled gas is moved to the flywheel outer rim in flywheel, air-flow path can play the effect of cooling combustion locular wall, jet locular wall, flywheel.Air-flow path 15 also can be complied with the flywheel sense of rotation and tilt to pass the flywheel face, can play the effect of delivery air, can specific use can be arranged with gas delivery to the flywheel another side, can be used on the aircraft, can guarantee that Flywheel machine obtains live gas.
The motor that the present embodiment Flywheel machine can be used as torsion output uses; The motor that also can be used as thrust output uses; Flywheel rotation makes and forms the eddy current that increases progressively of rotating speed from the center to the periphery in the gas mixer chamber; Fuel and air are sucked in the gas mixer chamber automatically mix, fuel mixture is cut the firing chamber under the acting in conjunction of centrifugal force and fluid motion inertia, in the firing chamber, throws away from the air outlet, firing chamber behind eddy current that increases progressively from the periphery to the center rotating speed of formation; Ignition device makes fuel mix gas firing formation high temperature and high pressure gas, and ejection forms jet thrust from the air outlet, firing chamber, promotes the flywheel rotation.The Plane Angle perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel place is 0 when spending; Flywheel machine can only outputting torsion; When the plane perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel place was the angle of inclination, Flywheel machine can also exportable flywheel end thrust of outputting torsion or flywheel axial tension.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, and efficient is higher, and is more energy-conservation, can reduce the firing chamber inner wall temperature, can make the higher temperature of formation in the firing chamber, can further improve Flywheel machine efficient.
The utility model embodiment's three structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, establish supercharging device 26 in the gas mixer chamber suction port 9.Supercharging device 26 can be used multiple supercharging device; The impeller of available multiple structure, available existing multiple axial-flow blower, impeller also can be provided with according to the turbine turbofan structure of turbine turbofan air breathing engine; Impeller outer edge is connected with the gas mixer chamber inwall; Rotate synchronously with flywheel 7, air-flow is pressurizeed, can improve suction pressure.It is similar with flywheel diameter that near the gas mixer chamber suction port inner chamber can be done, and near the inner chamber the gas mixer chamber suction port also can shrink to the outlet side opening gradually, can further improve suction pressure.When an impeller convection cell pressurized effect is relatively poor, can thicken impeller, blade-shaped curl on the impeller is distributed in improve impeller convection cell pressurized effect on vortex chamber's inwall.A plurality of impellers are set realize the multistage supercharging of convection cell.The gas mixer chamber inwall is provided with a ring baffle can better make fluid get into from gas mixer chamber one end middle part; Can better guarantee in gas mixer chamber to form the eddy current that increases progressively of rotating speed from the center to the periphery, ring baffle can be used as the part of supercharging device.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, can improve Flywheel machine power.Can reduce the Flywheel machine fire speed, can improve the output of Flywheel machine power, improve power output.
The utility model embodiment's four structure is: on embodiment's three architecture basics; Blade 51 is set on the supercharging device 26; Blade 51 outer rims are arranged on the gas mixer chamber inwall; Blade 51 and flywheel shaft are to being the angle of inclination, and blade 51 areas dwindle again after gas mixer chamber suction port 9 strengthens in gas mixer chamber 8 gradually gradually, and blade 51 inner edges that blade 51 areas dwindle the zone gradually are provided with baffle cover 52.
Blade 51 outer rims are connected with the gas mixer chamber inwall, can blade be arranged to multiple shape, can blade be arranged to helical, can improve boosting capability greatly.Blade 51 and flywheel shaft can improve the axial motion speed of fluid to being the angle of inclination, can improve the axial acting ability of blade convection cell, make better supercharging of blade convection cell and axially speed-raising.Blade 51 and flywheel shaft between can select multiple angle of inclination as required, can select about 60 degree concordant flow and pressure preferably generally speaking.Blade 51 areas dwindle again after gas mixer chamber suction port 9 strengthens in gas mixer chamber 8 gradually gradually; Blade 51 edges are drawn close to the gas mixer chamber center gradually; Gas mixer chamber inner chamber cavity zone cross section is diminished gradually; Buffer fluid avoids fluid and blade directly to clash into better.Can improve the boosting capability of convection cell gradually, realize the supercharging speed-raising of energy snubber and the convection cell of convection cell better, can make fluid after the pressurization better paste the gas mixer chamber inwall and advance.Can be at a plurality of blades 51 of the even distributed and arranged of gas mixer chamber inwall, fluid motion speed-raising better.Blade 51 inner edges that blade 51 areas dwindle the zone gradually are provided with baffle cover 52; Baffle cover 52 is connected on the blade inner edge; The baffle cover rotates with gas mixer chamber synchronously, and baffle cover 52 can stop escape of liquid, can avoid high-pressure liquid to leak from gas mixer chamber axis zone; Energy loss can be avoided, pressure and efficient can be improved greatly.Baffle cover 51 tops can also be provided with cover plate, and cover plate can better be dissolved the friction of fluid and baffle cover wall.Blade forms runner each other, can adopt several different methods such as die casting, casting, welding consumables that the blade outlet side is thickeied gradually, can improve blade strength; Runner is shunk to the outlet side gradually; Can further improve hydrodynamic pressure, can avoid high-pressure liquid to reflux, capable of reducing energy consumption.During supercharging device work, vacuum side of blade does not do work, and vacuum side of blade forms low pressure area, and high-pressure spray cognition is back to this district under pressure, forms eddy current at vacuum side of blade, improves energy consumption and wearing and tearing greatly.Though runner shrinks to the outlet side gradually, Flow area dwindles gradually, and fluid motion speed improves to the outlet side gradually; Under the same Flow area; Fluid motion speed is high more, and flow is big more, does not influence fluid flow so runner shrinks to the outlet side gradually.The degree that runner shrinks to the outlet side gradually is big more, can realize higher pressure more, can improve fluid and runner friction more.Under suitable shrinkage degree, the relation between tunable friction energy loss and pressure improve.Blade edge is retracted into a part in the gas mixer chamber suction port, can better cushion energy, better avoids blade and fluid directly to clash into, and can realize higher rotating speed.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, can improve Flywheel machine power, can reduce noise, can better reduce the engine ignition rotating speed, raises the efficiency, and improves power output.
The utility model embodiment's five structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, be provided with many in the housing and adopt hot channel 30.Adopting hot channel 30 can be arranged in the housing; Can be when cast housing direct casting; Make inner walls form many and adopt hot channel 30, adopt hot channel 30 inlet ends and get final product, also can adopt hot channel 30 inlet ends and be communicated as one many as shell air inlet 16; Unification is offered a suction port as shell air inlet 16, can more convenient installation air inlet supplementary equipment.Adopt that hot channel 30 is also available adopts the heat pipe manufacturing, can adopt heat pipe with many and be installed on the inner walls and get final product, can improve and adopt hot side, improve and adopt thermal effect.Large-scale Flywheel machine can be used hydromining heat, utilize adopt hot channel 30 as heat supply source to extraneous heat supply.Small-sized Flywheel machine available air is adopted heat, improves the Flywheel machine intake temperature.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, can gather waste heat, reduces case temperature, simplifies engine structure, improves intake temperature, improves engine efficiency.
The utility model embodiment's six structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, a plurality of flywheels 7 are installed on the flywheel shaft 6.A plurality of flywheels being installed can better being improved power, can two flywheels be one group, and two flywheels can lean against together or be fabricated directly in together each other.
Present embodiment can improve the power of Flywheel machine greatly, improves power greatly, can be used as large-sized power plant and uses.Can extensively be used in steamer, submarine, tank, train, racing car, thermal power generation etc. needs on the powerful equipment, and its power can substantially exceed existing any superpower motors such as gas turbine.
The utility model embodiment's seven structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, the plane perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel place is the angle of inclination.The angle of nozzle chamber's 12 central axis and flywheel shaft is greater than 90 degree; Can make Flywheel machine get final product the also exportable flywheel end thrust of outputting torsion; The angle of inclination is the rotating speed of conference obstruction Flywheel machine too, and the higher flywheel rotating speed of the too little requirement in angle of inclination just can be exported bigger thrust.Theoretical calculation: the angle of inclination can select 30 ° of left and right sides effects better.The more for a short time Flywheel machine rotating speed that makes in angle of inclination improves more easily, the capable higher rotating speed of the jet tool of the screw propulsion of formation, and the thrust that can make it is bigger, fltting speed is higher.
Can outputting torsion also the Flywheel machine of exportable thrust can be used for various cars, ship, space flight, aviation aircraft, thrust capable of using promotes the traffic tool advances, and utilizes the torsion generating to supply with the traffic tool.The vortex air-flow that the peripheral rotating speed of individual therefrom mind-set of its ejection successively decreases, the eddy airstream sharp side forms a taper, and the cone tip part high speed rotating makes energy more concentrate on the center region, sharp side of eddy airstream, has improved jet thrust and jet velocity greatly.Therefrom the vortex air-flow that successively decreases of the peripheral rotating speed of mind-set greatly reduces the friction with surrounding atmosphere, greatly reduces jet noise.For making the better bearing axial pushing force of flywheel, raising flywheel rotating speed, can thicken flywheel.Can be for increasing Security at flywheel outer installment protective housing, protective housing outlet end edge and flywheel planar registration or just over the flywheel plane can not influence the jet-stream wind propelling, and protective housing can be avoided causing fragment to fly out and hurting sb.'s feelings because of accident causes Flywheel Disintegration.
Present embodiment is used for various space flight, aviation aircraft; Comprise rocket, aircraft, airship, the various Aeronautics and Astronautics air breathing engines of instead, its safer, more energy-conservation, cheap, longer service life; Can improve the aircraft flying power greatly; Reduce the flight noise, improve flying speed, improve thrust weight ratio.
Present embodiment is used for various car and boat power, and the thrust promotion car and boat that Flywheel machine capable of using produces advance or retreat, and produce brand-new jet power car and boat, can reequip existing car and boat.Can cancel machine driven systems such as clutch, speed changer, transmission shaft, drive wheel, propeller cavitation, can bring simplify the chassis facility, simplify manipulative procedure, improve handling, improve accelerating ability, improve car and boat speed, alleviate tire wear, reduce car body weight, cut down the consumption of energy, balancing vehicle antero posterior axis weight distribution, save interior space, can cancel electric railway, alleviate wheel and rail wear, plurality of advantages such as balance hull.One or more Flywheel machine can be installed, can realize the car and boat tune through the jet direction of rotary flyweights machine, Flywheel machine jet power also capable of using helps vehicles go down, braking.The jet direction of Flywheel machine is parallel with horizontal plane jet, can utilize jet power more fully, avoids energy loss.When the present embodiment Flywheel machine is used on the motorcycle, directly Flywheel machine is contained in the motorcycle rear portion and gets final product.
When the present embodiment Flywheel machine is used on the car, can Flywheel machine be contained in automobile rear, can vacate original engine compartment, can make vehicle antero posterior axis center of gravity coordinated balance more, more help vehicle performance as trunk and energy-absorbing district.The controlled device that horizontally rotates that Flywheel machine is installed can be set on automobile rear roof, trunk lid or chassis, realize the jet direction tune of Flywheel machine with the rotation of motor controlling level whirligig.Make Flywheel machine jet to oblique upper, jet power capable of using improves the adhesion between wheel and the ground, makes automobile safer, can make automobile realize higher speed.The controlled arrangement vehicle turning followup system that horizontally rotates that Flywheel machine is installed is set, and jet power capable of using assists vehicle to keep balance, alleviates vehicle roll, sideslip, whipping, improves vehicle greatly and crosses curved ability.Setting horizontally rotates arrangement vehicle heavy braking 180 degree rotary systems, and Flywheel machine jet power capable of using helps vehicle better to realize emergency braking, long distance braking, shortens stopping distance.When Flywheel machine is installed on the automobile chassis, can make the controlled device running shaft that horizontally rotates that Flywheel machine is installed become certain angle of inclination with gravity vertical, Flywheel machine is jet to oblique below when making rolling-back of car, and the automobile bottom is influenced by high-temperature gas when alleviating reversing.The present embodiment Flywheel machine is used for racing car will create the limit high speed on the motor racing history.
When the present embodiment Flywheel machine is used aboard; The controlled device that horizontally rotates of a plurality of installation Flywheel machines can be set in the inner both sides of locomotive engine; Make the jet position of Flywheel machine not exceed the train both sides; Make jet direction of Flywheel machine and train direction of advance be certain angle of inclination, it is jet to tilt to the train both sides, can realize locomotive propelling and retreat; When the present embodiment Flywheel machine is used on the rail motor set, the controlled device that horizontally rotates of a plurality of installation Flywheel machines can all be set in both sides, chassis, every joint compartment, many Flywheel machines are installed; Make jet direction of Flywheel machine and train direction of advance be certain angle of inclination, it is jet to tilt to the train both sides, can realize advancing and retreating of rail motor set; Make Flywheel machine jet to oblique upper; Jet power capable of using improves the adhesion between wheel and the rail, can avoid that the train was derailed, overturn, and can make train safer; Can make rail motor set can realize the limit high speed of ground motion, can substantially exceed the speed of magnetic suspension train.
The present embodiment Flywheel machine is used in last times such as speedboat, warship, steamer, can cancel propeller cavitation, can be more energy-conservation; Improve the speed of a ship or plane; Can be more than the waterline of hull both sides or the controlled whirligig of a plurality of installation Flywheel machines is set on the deck, many Flywheel machines are installed, when Flywheel machine is installed in the hull both sides; Can pass through the size and Orientation of the Flywheel machine outputting power of change hull both sides, directly utilize jet power to realize that hull is turned, tune.The jet direction of Flywheel machine is horizontal by the angle of inclination, and is jet to oblique below, and the better balance hull of jet power capable of using alleviates hull and influenced by stormy waves to jolt to rock, and makes the ship operation safer.Can reduce the hull draft, reduce the surface friction drag between hull and the current, improve the hull motion speed, even ship is close to fly away from the water surface, ship is close to flies up, form the water surface flying ship, can improve ship's speed greatly.Computer technology capable of using is provided with automatic rotary regulator, regulates the angle of inclination of jet direction and horizontal plane automatically according to ship's speed, can utilize jet energy more fully.Controlled whirligig running shaft is parallel with horizontal plane, can make controlled whirligig do the facade rotation, and when making Flywheel machine be installed in the hull both sides, Flywheel machine did not too much take up room to the hull both sides when controlled whirligig rotated;
When the present embodiment Flywheel machine is used on the submersible, propeller cavitation can be cancelled, the noise that advances can be reduced, can be more energy-conservation, improve the speed of a ship or plane, improve flying power.The controlled facade whirligig of the jet tube of a plurality of installations can be set in the submersible both sides, and controlled facade whirligig running shaft is parallel with horizontal plane, can make controlled facade whirligig do the facade rotation.Flywheel machine is installed in the jet tube, and jet tube inlet end is provided with suction tude, during engine misses,, in jet tube, injects pressurized gas with the jet direction of jet tube down, and gas arranges water all the time in the jet tube capable of using, can avoid water inlet in the motor.Motor utilizes pressurized gas that water inlet in the motor is discharged and gets final product in case water inlet, is opened pressurized gas with the jet direction of jet tube down.
The utility model embodiment's eight structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, the plane perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel place is the angle of inclination.The angle of firing chamber 11 outgassing directions and flywheel shaft is less than 90 degree; Can make Flywheel machine get final product the also exportable flywheel axial tension of outputting torsion; The angle of inclination is the rotating speed of conference obstruction Flywheel machine too, and the higher flywheel rotating speed of the too little requirement in angle of inclination just can be exported bigger pulling force.Theoretical calculation: the angle of inclination can select 30 ° of left and right sides effects better.The more for a short time Flywheel machine rotating speed that makes in angle of inclination improves more easily, and the screw propulsion of formation jet has higher rotating speed, can make its pulling force bigger, fltting speed is higher.Can on the flywheel face, offer the air-flow path 15 of inclination, rotation makes air-flow get into the flywheel below by flywheel, makes Flywheel machine obtain fresh air better.For making flywheel better bear axial tension, improve the flywheel rotating speed, can thicken flywheel.
Present embodiment can be used for helicopter, and the instead propeller cavitation can be used for multiple vertically taking off and landing flyer, flying saucer etc.Can many playscripts with stage directions embodiment Flywheel machine be installed on helicopter, vertically taking off and landing flyer, flying saucer etc., can deliver or lift by crane large cargo as large-scale means of transportation.The present embodiment Flywheel machine can be used for specific use more; Can realize aircraft VTOL easily; Can not limit flying height; Vortex air-flow protection cabin body, the friction of dissolving cabin body and air that the peripheral rotating speed of the therefrom mind-set of Flywheel machine ejection capable of using successively decreases, the moving direction that changes the cabin body, shielding gravity field etc. can be developed more course of new aircraft.The vortex air-flow that the peripheral rotating speed of the therefrom mind-set of Flywheel machine ejection successively decreases can bring beyond thought flight effect.
Working principle: the utility model Flywheel machine has an idling speed, during use, at first utilizes starting drive to make the Flywheel machine rotation, along with the flywheel rotation; Air sucks in the gas mixer chamber suction port, and after flywheel reached idling speed, fuel supplying device began transfer the fuel, and fuel and air are sucked gas mixer chamber automatically; Gas forms the eddy current that increases progressively of rotating speed from the center to the periphery in gas mixer chamber, the flywheel rotating speed is high more, and the rotational speed of eddy current that increases progressively of rotating speed increases progressively soon more from the center to the periphery, makes gas and fuel mix even; Under action of inertia, fuel mixture gets into the firing chamber, and ignition device takes fire eddy current; Make to produce high temperature and high pressure gas in the firing chamber, high temperature and high pressure gas can't spray from air inlet of combustion chamber under the effect of flywheel rotary centrifugal force; Can only spray from the air outlet, firing chamber, promote the flywheel rotation, make flywheel keep rotation; Gas is constantly sucked from the gas mixer chamber suction port, and the ejection from the air outlet, firing chamber forms continual air-flow path.The prerequisite that Flywheel machine is kept work is to have a flywheel rotation idling, and the flywheel rotation is lower than idling, and Flywheel machine can not be kept work.
The gas mixer chamber suction port can produce suction, can make in the automatic suction vortex of object.Eddy current better disperses fuel particle, and fuel molecule is separated each other, realizes better and Air mixing, for full combustion of fuel lays the first stone.Pressurized gas are discharged from nozzle chamber, form thrust, promote the flywheel rotation, and the flywheel outer rim forms the eddy current that successively decreases of rotating speed from the center to the periphery, and this can reduce the noise of Flywheel machine greatly.Whole Flywheel machine works together does not have boom, as the gyro spin stabilization, and almost not vibration, shake etc.Flywheel machine is in case igniting can be closed ignition mechanism and starting drive, and cancellation external force boosting realizes self-high speed rotating, outputting power.
Among the embodiment two, the rotating speed of the eddy current that rotating speed increases progressively to the center from the periphery in the firing chamber and flywheel synchronization improve, and eddy current has prolonged the holdup time of fuel in the firing chamber, has better guaranteed the abundant burning of fuel.The material that gets into the firing chamber is involved in the eddy current center automatically, and fuel combustion is reflected at the eddy current centre area and takes place, and the eddy-current screen energy has reduced thermal response and contacted with the direct of firing chamber inwall, has reduced the temperatures involved of firing chamber inwall.Eddy current has prolonged move distance and the residence time of fuel in the firing chamber greatly, and all there is relative movement each other in particle in the eddy current, and fuel particle and oxygen particle are better reacted; In the eddy current center region, the speed of related movement that particle exists each other is faster, and friction pressure each other is bigger; Can make fuel sooner, more fully the reaction; Make fuel fully burning fast, can realize the fuel lean combustion, can better keep burning.Exergonic speed and what movement velocity and move distance have determined, jet screw propulsion has improved jet move distance and jet velocity greatly, make jetly better to release energy, and delivery temperature is reduced greatly.The HTHP that the eddy current centre area produces has improved the temperature difference with the external world greatly, can improve thermal technology's transformation efficiency of Flywheel machine greatly, makes the Flywheel machine thermal efficiency very high, makes Flywheel machine very energy-conservation.Swirl combustion is burnt fuel more fully, makes very environmental protection of Flywheel machine.
During Flywheel machine outputting torsion pattern, utilize the flywheel rotation directly thrust to be converted into torsion, the energy loss of having avoided medium tache to cause improves mechanical efficiency greatly, and the capacity usage ratio of whole Flywheel machine is improved greatly.
Flywheel machine is that outputting torsion is when also exporting flywheel end thrust or flywheel axial tension pattern; The screw propulsion frontal upcurrent that the rotating speed from the center to the periphery of a flywheel axial motion of generation successively decreases; Reduced the friction of air-flow edge and outside air; Improve the movement velocity and the thrust of central gas stream greatly, improved fltting speed greatly.Jet screw propulsion has improved the move distance of particle in the air-flow, has improved the energy release rate and the energy releasing quantity of whole air-flow, has reduced the temperature of jet end, has improved capacity usage ratio.
To high-speed motion, speed all promotes object gradually from static, and the reaction force acts of the jet power of air breathing engine makes aircraft obtain thrust in aircraft.Thrust from numerous particles in the jet-stream wind each other to the transmission of reaction force and the frictional force of jet-stream wind and ambient air.Aircraft movements speed is during near jet velocity; With the aircraft is reference system: the extraneous air of aircraft advances with aircraft movements speed to the opposite direction of aircraft direction of advance; Cause the frictional force of jet-stream wind and ambient air very little; Finally cause not producing thrust, the accelerating ability that makes aircraft causes aircraft speed under the effect of resistance of air, to be difficult to improve worse and worse again.If jet-stream wind can run into the air with aircraft movements direction and speed basically identical all the time, jet-stream wind will remain the thrust to aircraft.
The air-flow of tradition air breathing engine ejection is straight-line jet-stream wind; Numerous particles basically all are the speed propellings with uniformity in the jet-stream wind cross section; Numerous particles are very poor to the transmission capacity of reaction force each other in the jet-stream wind, when this just causes aircraft to use traditional air breathing engine, after speed reaches a critical velocity; Receive drag effects speed to be difficult to promote, speed also is difficult to improve again under the situation of not considering propelling resistance again.
Therefrom the vortex that successively decreases of the peripheral rotating speed of mind-set advance in the air-flow numerous particles each other movement velocity have greatest differences; Vortex advances the fltting speed of zones of different particle in the air-flow cross section to have greatest differences; Vortex advances in the air-flow cross section from the center to the periphery, and the fltting speed of particle successively decreases; The slow particle of movement velocity is slower away from the speed of aircraft, and the fast particle of movement velocity is faster away from the speed of aircraft, and the fast particle of movement velocity can run into the slow particle of movement velocity; Cause numerous particles to form the chain type transmission each other, they are high to the transmission capacity of jet reaction.Therefrom the vortex that successively decreases of the peripheral rotating speed of mind-set advances air-flow that the particle with aircraft movements direction and speed basically identical is provided continuously, and these particles have better transmitted reaction force, and they have nothing to do to the transmission capacity and the aircraft speed of reaction force.These particles finally have been delivered to vortex with reaction force and have advanced the air-flow center; Make vortex advance the air-flow center to produce the propelling force that a speed and vortex propelling air-flow center fltting speed equate basically all the time; This propelling force speed is all the time greater than the aircraft forward velocity, and this propelling force speed deducts the aircraft forward velocity and equals vortex propelling air-flow center jet velocity basically.
When object falls from the high-altitude, influenced by gravitation, the object speed of falling can be accelerated gradually, and objects at high speed is fallen.Vortex advances air-flow that thrust and the gravitation that aircraft produces is had the effect that plays the same tune on different musical instruments; Even vortex advances the air-flow fltting speed not high; Aircraft speed is improved gradually; Make final high speed, the ultra high speed that it can make the existing air breathing engine of aircraft generation realize of forming of aircraft.
Therefrom the vortex that successively decreases of the peripheral rotating speed of mind-set advances in the air-flow numerous particle movements orderly; Make the reaction force transmission orderly; Reaction force is collided each other cause energy loss; Vortex advances the energy that numerous particles carry in the air-flow can be converted into the thrust to aircraft more fully, can make aircraft more energy-conservation.It can make aircraft produce the super low energy consumption that existing air breathing engine can't be realized, can improve the aircraft flying power greatly simultaneously.The advance resistance of aircraft is mainly from resistance of air; The advance resistance of automobile, train, steamer except from the resistance of air also more from ground friction or current friction; So the advance resistance of aircraft is littler, propulsion method can make the aircraft energy consumption reduce greatly as long as adopt more effectively.
Motor is exactly the instrument of conversion of heat into kinetic energy that fuel combustion is produced, and a perfect motor need have two primary conditions: 1, make fuel fully burning as far as possible, 2, energy is fully transformed as far as possible.It also will have in addition: simple structure, simple conditions of manufacture, cheap cost, cheap user cost, the working life of overlength, ultra wide fuel Applicable scope, ultra wide Applicable scope, energy-conserving and environment-protective, in light weight, noise is low, low vibrations, power range is wide, speed range is wide, moment of torsion is big, little or the like the condition of volume.This Flywheel machine has possessed these conditions, and it has realized fuel combustion better, the conversion of heat into kinetic energy that fuel combustion is produced.
The technological scheme of the utility model is not restricted in the described embodiment's of the utility model the scope.The utility model not technology contents of detailed description is known technology.

Claims (10)

1. Flywheel machine comprises housing (1), fuel supplying device (2), ignition mechanism (3), starting drive (4), it is characterized in that: housing (1) is gone up flywheel shaft (6) is installed; Flywheel shaft (6) connects starting drive (4); A flywheel (7) is installed on the flywheel shaft (6) at least, a firing chamber (11) is set on the flywheel (7) at least, respective combustion chamber (11) is provided with ignition mechanism (3); Air inlet of combustion chamber (13) and air outlet, firing chamber (14) are established in firing chamber (11); Air inlet of combustion chamber (13) area is greater than air outlet, firing chamber (14) area, and firing chamber (11) outgassing direction and flywheel radius are the angle of inclination, and gas mixer chamber (8) is set on the flywheel (7); Gas mixer chamber (8) axial cross section radius is less than air outlet, firing chamber (14) distance to the flywheel axle center; Gas mixer chamber (8) periphery is established air inlet of combustion chamber (13), and gas mixer chamber (8) one ends are established gas mixer chamber suction port (9), and corresponding gas mixer chamber suction port (9) is provided with fuel supplying device (2).
2. Flywheel machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: air outlet, firing chamber (14) are communicated with nozzle chamber (12), and nozzle chamber (12) inner chamber is expanded to flywheel (7) outer rim direction opening.
3. Flywheel machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: flywheel (7) periphery is provided with a plurality of firing chambers (11); Firing chamber central axis and gas mixer chamber (8) central axis are and intersect angle; Firing chamber (11) inner chamber cross section is circular, and air inlet of combustion chamber (13) is located on the inner chamber circumference of firing chamber (11), and air outlet, firing chamber (14) are located on the central axis of firing chamber; Air outlet, firing chamber (14) cross sectional area is provided with block body (50) less than maximum cross section, firing chamber (11) area near the ignition mechanism (3).
4. Flywheel machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that: firing chamber (11) are provided with communication passage (25) each other.
5. Flywheel machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: multiple tracks air-flow path (15) is set in the flywheel.
6. Flywheel machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: establish supercharging device (26) in the gas mixer chamber suction port (9).
7. Flywheel machine according to claim 6; It is characterized in that: blade (51) is set on the supercharging device (26); Blade (51) outer rim is arranged on the gas mixer chamber inwall; Blade (51) and flywheel shaft are to being the angle of inclination, and blade (51) area dwindles again after gas mixer chamber suction port (9) strengthens in gas mixer chamber (8) gradually gradually, and blade (51) inner edge that blade (51) area dwindles the zone gradually is provided with baffle cover (52).
8. Flywheel machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with many in the housing and adopt hot channel (30).
9. according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 or 8 each described Flywheel machines, it is characterized in that: flywheel shaft (6) is gone up a plurality of flywheels (7) is installed.
10. according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7 each described Flywheel machines, it is characterized in that: the plane perpendicular to flywheel shaft at firing chamber (11) outgassing direction and flywheel place is the angle of inclination.
CN2011204269127U 2011-07-19 2011-10-18 Flywheel turbine Expired - Fee Related CN202451298U (en)

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CN104124746A (en) * 2013-04-25 2014-10-29 林军 Pneumatic and electric energy system with gas pressure flywheel
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