CN203067127U - Flywheel engine - Google Patents

Flywheel engine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203067127U
CN203067127U CN 201220676719 CN201220676719U CN203067127U CN 203067127 U CN203067127 U CN 203067127U CN 201220676719 CN201220676719 CN 201220676719 CN 201220676719 U CN201220676719 U CN 201220676719U CN 203067127 U CN203067127 U CN 203067127U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flywheel
chamber
fuel
supercharging
firing chamber
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220676719
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈久斌
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陈久斌
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Priority to CN201210358876 priority Critical
Priority to CN201210358876.4 priority
Application filed by 陈久斌 filed Critical 陈久斌
Priority to CN 201220676719 priority patent/CN203067127U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203067127U publication Critical patent/CN203067127U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a flywheel engine which comprises a shell body, a fuel supplying device, an ignition device, a starting device and a rotation stabilizing device. A flywheel shaft is installed on the shell body and connected with the starting device. At least a flywheel is installed on the flywheel shaft. At least one combustion chamber is arranged on the flywheel. The combustion chamber is provided with an igniter which is communicated with the ignition device through a circuit. An air inlet of the combustion chamber and an air outlet of the combustion chamber are formed in the combustion chamber. The air outlet of the combustion chamber is communicated with an air injection chamber. An inner cavity of the air injection chamber opens and expands towards an outer rim of the flywheel. An air injection direction of the air injection chamber and the radius of the flywheel form an inclined angle. A supercharging device which corresponds to the air inlet of the combustion chamber is arranged on the flywheel. An air inlet of the supercharging device is arranged in the supercharging device. A fuel supplying device is arranged and corresponds to the combustion chamber. The flywheel engine can output torsion as well as push force, can greatly improve thermal efficiency, can use multiple sorts of fuel, can be used as a jet engine as well as a regular engine and can be widely applied to fields such as boat power, aerospace power and thermal power generation.

Description

Flywheel motor
Technical field
The utility model relates to power equipment, engine art, specifically is a kind of flywheel motor.
Background technique
Existing heat energy method for transformation, the method complex structure of conversion of heat into kinetic energy, the energy loss that medium tache causes is too many, and energy transformation ratio is too low, and device fabrication is very complicated, the equipment manufacturing cost height, capacity usage ratio is low.
Existing motor mainly contains internal-combustion engine and jet engine, and there are defectives such as weight is big, rotating speed is low, energy consumption is high, discharge amount is big, noise is high, cost is high, maintenance cost is high, working life is short in internal-combustion engine; There are defectives such as thrust is little, jet velocity is low, cost is high, energy consumption is high, harmful gas emission is big, maintenance cost is high, working life is short in jet engine.
The model utility content
The utility model provides a kind of flywheel motor, adopts brand-new heat energy transform mode.Overcome the problems that exist with front engine, the capacity usage ratio height, fuel combustion is abundant, and environmental protection has more improved the power of motor greatly and has exported, and has simplified the structure of motor greatly.The utility model can make flywheel motor get final product outputting torsion also exportable flywheel end thrust or flywheel axial tension by adjusting jet direction.
The disclosed flywheel motor of the utility model, of many uses: can be directly as motor, get final product also exportable thrust of outputting torsion, namely can be used as various conventional engines uses, also can be used as the Aeronautics and Astronautics motor and use, can be widely used in fields such as car and boat power, thermal power generation, machinery power, aircraft, airship, rocket.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions for achieving the above object:
Flywheel motor, comprise housing, fuel supplying device, ignition mechanism, starting drive and spin stabilization device, flywheel shaft is installed on the housing, flywheel shaft connects starting drive, a flywheel is installed on the flywheel shaft at least, a firing chamber is set on the flywheel at least, set-point, firing chamber firearm, igniter is by the circuit communication ignition mechanism, air inlet of combustion chamber and air outlet, firing chamber are established in the firing chamber, the air outlet, firing chamber is communicated with nozzle chamber, nozzle chamber's inner chamber is to the expansion of flywheel outer rim direction opening, and the jet direction of nozzle chamber and flywheel radius are the angle of inclination, and the respective combustion chamber suction port arranges supercharging device on the flywheel, supercharging device arranges the supercharging device suction port, and the fuel supplying device respective combustion chamber arranges.
A plurality of blades are set in the supercharging device, blade and flywheel shaft cross section are the angle of inclination, supercharging device outer installment supercharging cover, supercharging cover inner chamber is expanded gradually to the air inlet of combustion chamber direction, the supercharging device middle part arranges the baffle cover, and baffle cover outer radial air inlet of combustion chamber direction is expanded gradually, and the expansion angle of baffle cover external diameter is greater than the expansion angle of supercharging cover inner chamber, the blade outer rim is arranged on the supercharging cover inwall, and the blade inner edge is arranged on the baffle cover outer wall.
Nozzle chamber's inner chamber cross-sectional circumference is circular, and the air outlet, firing chamber is arranged on nozzle chamber's inner chamber circumference.
The supercharging device axis central part arranges fuel and carries cavity, and fuel conveyor chamber road outlet end is communicated with the firing chamber, and fuel is carried cavity entrance point middle part that fuel is set and carried the cavity import, and the corresponding fuel of fuel supplying device is carried cavity import setting.
Housing is provided with a plurality of heat recovering devices.
The flywheel periphery arranges a plurality of firing chambers, firing chamber central axis and flywheel shaft central axis are and intersect angle, firing chamber inner chamber cross-sectional circumference is circular, air inlet of combustion chamber is located on the inner chamber circumference of firing chamber, the air outlet, firing chamber is located on the central axis of firing chamber, and air outlet, firing chamber cross sectional area is less than maximum cross section, firing chamber area.
The central axis cross section is set on the central axis in the firing chamber is circular obturator, obturator is arranged on the bottom interior wall of firing chamber.
A plurality of flywheels are installed on the flywheel shaft.
The jet direction of nozzle chamber and flywheel shaft cross section are the angle of inclination, and flywheel shaft passes supercharging device, and flywheel shaft passes the supercharging device suction port.
The jet direction of nozzle chamber and flywheel shaft cross section are the angle of inclination, flywheel shaft and supercharging device are in the flywheel both sides respectively, fuel is set in the flywheel shaft 5 carries cavity, fuel is carried cavity axle head middle part that fuel is set and is carried the cavity import, and the corresponding fuel of fuel supplying device is carried cavity import setting.
Advantage of the present utility model is: utilize brand-new heat energy method for transformation, taken full advantage of circular movement and fluid motion, simplified structure greatly.The energy loss that its medium tache causes is few, the capacity usage ratio height.It can use multiple gases, liquid, powdered fuel.Its thermal efficiency height, energy transforms more fully.This motor is the eddy current sustained combustion, sufficient combustion, and environmental protection more continues acting, has improved power output greatly, and improve working life greatly, and cost reduces greatly, can realize higher rotating speed.
This flywheel motor is by adjusting jet direction, can make flywheel motor outputting torsion or output flywheel end thrust or flywheel axial tension, can be widely used in power equipment fields such as car, ship, Aeronautics and Astronautics, thermal power generation, can cut down the consumption of energy greatly, can use pluralities of fuel.Can directly use coal dust when being used for thermal power generation, can realize the dry type generating, can improve generating efficiency greatly, save energy and reduce the cost, reduce greatly environmental pollution greatly.
This flywheel motor can be used for various Aeronautics and Astronautics aircraft, and energy consumption can reduce greatly, and cost also reduces greatly, and performance is more reliable, can improve flying power greatly, improves flying speed greatly, reduces the flight noise greatly, reduces equipment manufacturing cost greatly.It can make aircraft speed improve constantly, and makes aircraft realize ultra high speed.The energy that advances the interior numerous particles of air-flow to carry can be converted into the thrust to aircraft fully, can make aircraft more energy-conservation, and it can make aircraft realize lower energy consumption.
It can be used for various car and boat power, and the jet thrust promotion car and boat that can utilize flywheel motor to produce advance or retreat, and produce brand-new jet power car and boat, can reequip existing car and boat.Can cancel machine driven systems such as clutch, speed changer, transmission shaft, drive wheel, propeller cavitation, can bring simplify manipulative procedure, improve handling, improve car and boat speed, alleviate tire wear, reduce car body weight, cut down the consumption of energy, balancing vehicle antero posterior axis weight distribution, save interior space, alleviate wheel and rail wear, plurality of advantages such as balance hull.
The utlity model has the working life of cheap user cost, overlength, super wide fuel Applicable scope, super wide using scope, energy-conserving and environment-protective, in light weight, noise is low, ultralow vibrations, power is big, power range is wide, speed range is wide, moment of torsion is big, little etc. the advantage of volume, the utility model can solve Motor Vehicle substantially, aircraft noise pollutes and atmospheric pollution.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the utility model agent structure schematic representation;
Accompanying drawing 2 is that the A-A of accompanying drawing 1 is to the sectional structure schematic representation;
Accompanying drawing 3 is main TV structure schematic representation of one of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 4 is main TV structure schematic representation of two of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 5 is main TV structure schematic representation of three of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 6 is main TV structure schematic representation of four of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 7 is main TV structure schematic representation of five of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 8 is flywheel face sectional structure schematic representation of five of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 9 is main TV structure schematic representation of six of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 10 is main TV structure schematic representation of seven of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 11 is main TV structure schematic representation of eight of the utility model embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 12 is main TV structure schematic representation of nine of the utility model embodiment;
Embodiment
Agent structure of the present utility model comprises housing 1, fuel supplying device 2, ignition mechanism 3, starting drive 4 and spin stabilization device 20, flywheel shaft 5 is installed on the housing 1, flywheel shaft 5 connects starting drive 4, a flywheel 6 is installed on the flywheel shaft 5 at least, a firing chamber 7 is set on the flywheel 6 at least, firing chamber 7 set-point firearms 8, igniter 8 is communicated with ignition mechanism 3 by circuit 9, air inlet of combustion chamber 10 and air outlet, firing chamber 11 are established in firing chamber 7, air outlet, firing chamber 11 is communicated with nozzle chamber 12, nozzle chamber's 12 inner chambers are expanded to flywheel 6 outer rim direction openings, nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel 6 radiuses are the angle of inclination, respective combustion chamber suction port 10 arranges supercharging device 13 on the flywheel 6, and supercharging device 13 arranges supercharging device suction port 14, and fuel supplying device 2 respective combustion chamber 7 arrange.
Housing 1 also is casing and the support of flywheel motor, can add thermal insulation layer on the housing and reduce energy loss and play sound deadening simultaneously.The heat recovering device collection also can be set on the housing utilize waste heat, make flywheel motor more energy-conservation.Support etc. can be set on the housing 1 be used for stablizing various structures etc., a lot of supporting facility of flywheel motor can be set at housing 1, housing 1 can be reserved access hole, time spent access hole sealing.Also can directly use generator, speed changer or aircraft cabin body etc. to replace the support effect of housing 1.
Fuel supplying device 2 comprises fuel pipe, petrolift, atomization spray cap, fuel conveying cavity etc., flywheel motor can use liquid, gas, pressed powder, fuel combination etc., can select for use different fuel to supply with feedway according to different fuel, powdered fuel can be carried with air-flow.Bifuel system can be set, igniter fuel and main fuel can be set, the igniting of available explosive fuel can use other to be difficult for the fuel lighted arbitrarily after the flywheel motor igniting.The control fuel feed can be controlled flywheel motor rotating speed and power output size, and the fuel shutoff supply can realize the flywheel motor truce.When using fuel that diesel oil, coal dust etc. are difficult for lighting as main fuel; in order not influence flywheel motor igniting next time; before flywheel motor is ceased fire; fuel is switched to igniter fuel; flywheel motor is worked on for a moment; the fuel afterburnt that is difficult for lighting in flywheel motor on the igniter, cut off igniter fuel again, finally realize the flywheel motor truce.
Ignition mechanism 3 comprises power supply, switch, high-tension transformer, circuit, spark plug, igniter etc., power supply can arrange generator, generator drives generating by flywheel motor and gives the charging of power supply storage battery, also can directly utilize external power supply, thereby save facilities such as generator and storage battery.
Starting drive 4 comprises power supply, switch, circuit, starter motor, transmission device etc., when flywheel motor uses, need start by starting drive, obtains initial rotational speed.Also can utilize starting drive to generate electricity simultaneously.
Spin stabilization device 20 comprises axle bed, bearing or bearing shell etc., can adopt various lubricating bearings, can adopt oil lubrication or grease lubrication, also can adopt nonlubricated bearings such as ceramic bearing, silicon nitride bearing, graphite bearing.Flywheel motor can be realized high rotating speed, can adopt high-speed bearing or high speed bearing shell, can improve the power of flywheel motor greatly.
Flywheel shaft 5 is installed on the housing 1.Housing 1 can be installed flywheel shaft 5 by spin stabilization device 20.
Flywheel shaft 5 connects starting drive 4.Starting drive 4 can be installed on the flywheel shaft 5, and starting drive 4 drives flywheel shaft 5 rotations, for flywheel motor provides initial speed.Starting drive 4 can pass through multiple transmission device such as belt, gear or coupling and drive flywheel shaft 5 rotations.
A flywheel 6 is installed on the flywheel shaft 5 at least.But simplified structure when on the flywheel shaft 5 flywheel being installed; Can better improve power when a plurality of flywheel 6 is installed on the flywheel shaft 5, can two flywheels 6 be one group for saving the space, and two flywheels 6 can lean against together or be fabricated directly in together mutually.In order to prevent that waste gas from entering flywheel motor, can isolating plate be set at housing, isolating plate, is close to flywheel 6 and is not contacted with flywheel 6 with inner region near flywheel 6 edges.Can utilize the rotation of flywheel 6 that waste gas is thrown away, waste gas can not entered in flywheel 6 edges.Flywheel 6 can be with multiple material manufacturing, generally, can use multiple alloy material (tungsten-molybdenum alloy, titanium alloy, silicon alloy, zircaloy etc.), foamed material, refractory material multiple heat-resistant, high strength materials such as (silicon carbide, silicon nitride, aluminium oxide etc.), can adopt the casting technique once-through, also can use the means of a powder metallurgy technique manufacturing, also can adopt the branch body structure to be installed together and get final product, also can form by a firing with stupalith is disposable, can improve working life.When flywheel 6 adopts foamed materials to make, can adopt novel foam glass, foamed ceramics, foamed alloy etc., experimental results show that this material has multiple excellent results such as high strength, high tenacity, high-temperature resistant, high heat insulation, ultra lightweighting.When flywheel 6 adopted alloy material, flywheel 6 surfaces also can arrange radiating fin and improve radiating effect, can reduce the requirement of material heatproof.Can spin stabilization device 20 be set in flywheel one side, for increasing stability, also can spin stabilization device 20 all be set in the flywheel both sides.
A firing chamber 7 is set on the flywheel 6 at least.It is circle or cirque structure that cross section can be arranged in firing chamber 7, and it is smooth and easy to be conducive to firing chamber 7 interior air motions, can make to form swirl combustions in the firing chamber 7, can make sufficient combustion.When a firing chamber 7 is set on the flywheel 6, ring can be arranged in firing chamber 7, firing chamber 7 and flywheel 6 are located on same the spin axis, make firing chamber 7 and flywheel 6 coaxial rotations, utilize rotation to make and form swirl combustion in the firing chamber 7, firing chamber 7 inwalls are done to such an extent that the lines flow smoothly as far as possible, can make air motion more smooth and easy, can avoid in the firing chamber forming redundant space, tempering or cause hot plugging in the time of can avoiding lighting a fire better can easier igniting as far as possible.When a firing chamber 7 is set on the flywheel 6, also firing chamber 7 can be arranged on flywheel 6 peripheries, firing chamber 7 can be arranged to cross section is the columnar structured of circle, during flywheel motor work, flywheel shaft 5 is swung along certain limit, can be used as special-purpose applications in the occasion of some special requirements, flywheel 6 peripheries also can arrange a plurality of firing chambers 7, can realize that the flywheel axial rotary is stable.Also refractory masses can be set in the firing chamber, can improve firing chamber working life.
Firing chamber 7 set-point firearms 8.Igniter 8 can adopt multiple devices such as spark plug, electrode, plasma igniter, spark plug etc. can be installed in firing chamber 7, also can realize igniting with two electrodes, two electrodes can be left certain distance and be installed in the firing chamber 7 that this relatively is applicable to small-sized flywheel motor.When 7 spaces, firing chamber are big, a plurality of igniters 8 can be set in firing chamber 7, can easier igniting.Igniter 8 can be installed on 7 inwalls of firing chamber, and near the firing chamber inwall the igniter 8 can cave in one, and igniter 8 is arranged on sunk area, can utilize the depressed area to keep out the wind, and makes igniter 8 easier realization igniting.Also can around igniter 8 block body be set, utilize block body that igniter 8 is blocked, block body is reserved certain interval, makes the mixed gas can inlet point firearm 8 zones.Also a cylinder can be set around existing spark plug, spark plug is installed in the cylinder, the cylinder bottom arranges an intake grill, and intake grill is met to air-flow, makes air-flow constantly enter in the cylinder, behind the plug ignition, in cylinder, form a fireball, make cylinder form a small furnace, can play the kindling material effect, can be conducive to form sustained combustion in the firing chamber, make the firing chamber be not easy to stop working.Also above-mentioned cylinder and existing spark plug can be made one, make a kind of spark plug, can more conveniently use.When flywheel 6 middle parts arrange a firing chamber 7, igniter 8 can be installed on the axle head inwall of 7 peripheries, firing chamber, can more be conducive to igniting.Igniter 8 can be installed near near the air outlet, firing chamber, can reduce tempering.Evenly distribute in the firing chamber 7 when a plurality of igniter 8 is set, can easier realization igniting.
Igniter 8 is communicated with ignition mechanism 3 by circuit 9.One, an a plurality of or circle electrode can be installed near igniter 8 wiring terminal positions, electrode connecting circuit 9, circuit 9 is communicated with ignition mechanism 3.Make igniter 8 wiring terminals near electrode during mounting points firearm 8, reserve certain interval, high-tension electricity punctures the gap, realizes circuit 9 connections.Along with the flywheel rotation, igniter 8 moves near the electrode, and high-tension electricity punctures air and realizes that circuit 9 is communicated with, and realizes igniter 8 igniting.Also can brush be set at flywheel shaft, at flywheel electric wire be set, realize that by brush circuit 9 is communicated with.
Air inlet of combustion chamber 10 and air outlet, firing chamber 11 are established in firing chamber 7.When a firing chamber 7 was set on the flywheel 6, air inlet of combustion chamber 10 can be opened in firing chamber 7 one ends, and fuel mixture is directly entered in the firing chamber 7, and air outlet, firing chamber 11 can be located on 7 peripheries of firing chamber, and air outlet, a plurality of firing chamber 11 can be set; When a plurality of firing chamber 7 is set on the flywheel 6, air inlet of combustion chamber 10 can be opened on the circular side wall of firing chamber 7, can make better and form eddy current in the firing chamber 7, eddy current can improve the holdup time of air-flow in firing chamber 7, can better keep burning, air outlet, firing chamber 11 can be located on 7 medial axis, firing chamber, and each firing chamber 7 can arrange air outlet, a firing chamber 11.Air inlet of combustion chamber 10 areas are during greater than air outlet, firing chamber 11 areas, throw away from air outlet, firing chamber 11 after can making air-flow in firing chamber 7, be pressurized the formation pressurized gas better, after in a single day fuel mixture is lighted, 11 ejections form jet thrust from the air outlet, firing chamber can to form high temperature and high pressure gas, promote the flywheel rotation.The ratio of air inlet of combustion chamber 10 areas and air outlet, firing chamber 11 areas can be debugged with reference to the ratio of existing air breathing engine air inlet of combustion chamber area and air outlet, firing chamber area and be got final product.
Air outlet, firing chamber 11 is communicated with nozzle chamber 12, and nozzle chamber's 12 inner chambers are expanded to flywheel 6 outer rim direction openings.Air outlet, firing chamber 11 is communicated with nozzle chamber 12, make the high temperature and high pressure gas of air outlet, firing chamber 11 ejections enter nozzle chamber 12, nozzle chamber's 12 inner chambers can better improve jet velocity to the expansion of flywheel 6 outer rim direction openings, the better utilization energy can improve flywheel motor efficient.Air outlet, firing chamber 11 place nozzle chamber inwalls will make that the lines flow smoothly, form the streamline shape, make air motion smooth and easy, alleviate wearing and tearing.Nozzle chamber's 12 lumen centers axis can be done and be in line, and also can make camber line or curve, and nozzle chamber's 12 lumen centers axis are made curve can better comply with jet moving direction, can raise the efficiency.
Nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel 6 radiuses are the angle of inclination.Nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel 6 radiuses can be with reference to the angles of inclination between centrifugal impeller blade and the radius, theoretical calculating: during 30 ° of left and right sides, angle of inclination, can utilize jet thrust to help flywheel to offset a part of centrifugal force, flywheel rotation more at a high speed can be realized, the requirement to the flywheel material can be reduced.Adjust the angle of inclination of nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel radius, can change flywheel motor to the adaptive capacity of rotating speed.Nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel shaft cross section angle are 0 when spending, flywheel motor can only outputting torsion, when nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel shaft cross section were the angle of inclination, flywheel motor got final product outputting torsion also exportable flywheel end thrust or flywheel axial tension.
Respective combustion chamber suction port 10 arranges supercharging device 13 on the flywheel 6.Supercharging device 13 can adopt multiple supercharging device, mixed flow centrifugal impeller or the centrifugal impeller of available multiple structure, available existing multiple mixed flow centrifugal impeller, impeller outlet is towards axial rotary, and impeller outlet is communicated with air inlet of combustion chamber 10, impeller and flywheel 7 rotate synchronously, air-flow is pressurizeed, can improve suction pressure, can lengthen the impeller axial length, blade-shaped curl on the impeller is distributed, the multilayer blade also can axially be set form the multi-stage impeller structure.Supercharging device 13 is available existing multiple centrifugal impeller also, and advantage is: can reduce the impeller axial length, shortcoming is: need higher rotating speed just can reach the supercharging requirement.Centrifugal impeller inner chamber axial height can be dwindled from the center to the periphery gradually, increase blade, the blade number can be increased from the center to the periphery gradually, can improve pressure.Supercharging device 13 also can adopt on-bladed taper supercharging core structure, the taper core structure can be made in supercharging device 13 outsides, cone structure is made in supercharging device 13 inside, externally the conically shaped cone tip part arranges suction port, the conically shaped bottom is communicated with air inlet of combustion chamber 10 and gets final product, flywheel 6 rotation backs drive supercharging device 13 and rotate synchronously, after the outside conically shaped inwall rotation, air-flow is thrown away to air inlet of combustion chamber 10 directions along outside conically shaped inwall, shortcoming is: when needing flywheel 6 rotating speeds to reach very high, just can reach the supercharging requirement, generally not adopt.Supercharging device 13 inner chamber maximum radius less than air outlet, firing chamber 11 to flywheel 6 axle center apart from the time, can utilize centrifugal force to avoid tempering better, can utilize centrifugal force to realize the supercharging work effect of pressed engine.Supercharging device 13 can be made one with flywheel 6, also can make the branch body structure with flywheel 6 and be installed together and get final product.
Supercharging device 13 arranges supercharging device suction port 14.Can supercharging device suction port 14 be set at the middle part of supercharging device 13 inlet ends, can utilize centrifugal force to avoid pressurized gas along supercharging device suction port 14 ovfls better, can improve pressurized effect.
Fuel supplying device 2 respective combustion chamber 7 arrange.Can fuel pipe be installed at housing, the fuel pipe end is positioned near the supercharging device suction port 14, utilize supercharging device 13 to act as a fuel and carry cavity that fuel is delivered in the firing chamber, supercharging device 13 is also carried gas in transfer the fuel, simultaneously that fuel and gas blending is even, be conducive to fuel and enter more abundant burning behind the firing chamber.Liquid fuel can add atomizer nozzle in the fuel pipe outlet, can be with petrolift with the fuel pressurized delivered, and gaseous direct fuel is arranged on supercharging device suction port 14 vicinity with the fuel pipe outlet and gets final product, and fuel can be by gas self pressure automatic transport.The control fuel flow rate can be realized flywheel motor rotating speed, power adjustments, and fuel control valve can be set, and fuel control valve is connected with accelerator control device realizes control.Fuel also can be set in flywheel shaft 5 carry cavity, fuel is carried cavity axle head middle part that fuel is set and is carried the cavity import, fuel pipe exports corresponding fuel and carries cavity import setting to get final product, flywheel shaft 5 can adopt hollow shaft, carry cavity one end to be arranged on the flywheel axle head fuel, fuel is carried cavity axle head middle part that fuel is set and is carried the cavity import, fuel pipe outlet is located at fuel carries near the cavity import or probe into fuel and carry the cavity import get final product, it is neighbouring or directly be delivered in the firing chamber 7 to utilize centrifugal force that the flywheel shaft rotation produces that fuel axially is transported to supercharging device suction port 14 along flywheel shaft 5.Also can fuel be set at supercharging device 13 axis central parts and carry cavity, at the middle part, fuel conveyor chamber road junction of supercharging device suction port 14 ends fuel is set and carries the cavity import, fuel pipe outlet is located at fuel carries near the cavity import or probe into fuel and carry the cavity import get final product, the centrifugal force that can utilize the flywheel rotation to produce axially directly is delivered into fuel in the firing chamber 7 along fuel conveying cavity.Fuel directly is delivered in the time of can avoiding fuel conveyor chamber channel temp too high in the firing chamber 7 and causes fuel mixture to carry the cavity internal combustion at fuel, and shortcoming is: fuel lacks mixing, causes burning insufficient easily, does not generally adopt.
The motor that the flywheel motor of this agent structure can be used as torsion output uses, the motor that also can be used as thrust output uses, the flywheel rotation sucks in the supercharging device suction port 14 fuel and air automatically, mix after in supercharging device 13, finishing supercharging, fuel mixture is pressed into firing chamber 7, throw away from air outlet, firing chamber 11,7 form the fuel under high pressure mixed gas in the firing chamber, igniter 8 igniting make the fuel under high pressure mixture combustion form high temperature and high pressure gas, and 11 ejections enter nozzle chamber 12 from the air outlet, firing chamber, in nozzle chamber 12, high-pressure injection gas is integrated into the jet-stream wind with certain jet direction, form jet thrust, promote the flywheel rotation.Nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel shaft cross section angle are 0 when spending, flywheel motor can only outputting torsion, when nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel shaft cross section were the angle of inclination, flywheel motor got final product outputting torsion also exportable flywheel end thrust or flywheel axial tension.Flywheel motor can be used as equipment powered by conventional energy and uses, and can be widely used in fields such as car, ship, aircraft, machinery power, thermal power generation, heat supply.The waste gas that can utilize flywheel motor to discharge during heat supply adds heat-conducting mediums such as hot water, can take full advantage of waste heat.
One of the utility model embodiment's structure: on the agent structure basis, a plurality of blades 16 are set in the supercharging device 13, blade 16 is the angle of inclination with flywheel shaft 5 cross sections, supercharging device 13 outer installment supercharging covers 17, supercharging cover 17 inner chambers are expanded gradually to air inlet of combustion chamber 10 directions, supercharging device 13 middle parts arrange baffle cover 18, baffle cover 18 outer radial air inlet of combustion chamber 10 directions are expanded gradually, the expansion angle of baffle cover 18 external diameters is greater than the expansion angle of supercharging cover 17 inner chambers, blade 16 outer rims are arranged on supercharging cover 17 inwalls, and blade 16 inner edges are arranged on baffle cover 18 outer walls.A plurality of blades 16 are arranged on the supercharging device 13, blade 16 and flywheel shaft 5 cross sections are certain angle of inclination, the angle of inclination can be selected to get final product about 30 degree generally speaking, can improve the axial motion speed of fluid, the axial acting ability of blade 16 convection cells be can improve, the better supercharging of blade convection cell and axially speed-raising made.Supercharging cover 17 is enclosed within baffle cover 18 outsides, blade 16 is arranged between the supercharging cover 17 baffle covers 18 gets final product, blade 16 and supercharging cover 17, baffle cover 18 can be made one.Also flywheel 6 and blade 16, supercharging cover 17, baffle cover 18 can be made one.Also can thicken impeller, make the blade 16 on the impeller form spiral distribution, multilayer blade 16 also can axially be set form the multi-stage impeller structure.Blade 16 forms runner each other, can increase gradually to air inlet of combustion chamber 10 direction blades 16 quantity in the supercharging device 13, runner is shunk gradually to the outlet side, can further improve hydrodynamic pressure, can better avoid high-pressure liquid to reflux, capable of reducing energy consumption.Though runner shrinks gradually to the outlet side, Flow area dwindles gradually, and fluid motion speed improves gradually to the outlet side, under the same Flow area, fluid motion speed is more high, and flow is more big, does not influence fluid flow so runner shrinks gradually to the outlet side.The degree that runner shrinks gradually to the outlet side is more big, more can realize higher pressure, more can improve fluid and runner friction.Under suitable shrinkage degree, the relation between tunable friction energy loss and pressure improve.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, can better improve suction pressure, raises the efficiency.
The utility model embodiment's two structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, nozzle chamber's 12 inner chamber cross-sectional circumference are circular, and air outlet, firing chamber 11 is arranged on nozzle chamber's 12 inner chamber circumference.Nozzle chamber's 12 inner chambers can be made cross-sectional circumference and be circular cylindrical shape, tubaeform, taper shape or ring etc. are multiple, air outlet, firing chamber 11 is arranged on nozzle chamber's 12 inner chamber circumference, the jet effect of inertia lower edge nozzle chamber 12 inner chamber cross section tangent directions that rotatablely move that produce in the flywheel rotation that the firing chamber is produced are rushed in the nozzle chamber 12, in nozzle chamber 12, form a screw propulsion eddy flow that increases progressively to the center rotating speed from the periphery, in nozzle chamber 12, spray formation screw propulsion jet-stream wind, the screw propulsion jet-stream wind can have special propelling effect, the interior numerous particles of screw propulsion air-flow movement velocity each other there are differences, the fltting speed of zones of different particle there are differences in the screw propulsion air-flow cross section, the slow particle of movement velocity is slower away from the speed of nozzle chamber, the fast particle of movement velocity is faster away from the speed of nozzle chamber, the fast particle of movement velocity can run into the slow particle of movement velocity, cause numerous particles to form the chain type transmission each other, they are higher to the transmission capacity of jet reaction.The screw propulsion air-flow provides the particle with flywheel sense of rotation and speed basically identical continuously, and these particles have better transmitted reaction force, and they are irrelevant to transmission capacity and the flywheel rotating speed of reaction force.These particles finally have been delivered to screw propulsion air-flow center with reaction force, make screw propulsion air-flow center produce the propelling force that a speed and screw propulsion air-flow center fltting speed equate substantially all the time, all the time greater than flywheel edge rotation forward velocity, it can make flywheel produce higher rotating speed to this propelling force speed.Numerous particle motions in order in the screw propulsion air-flow that increases progressively from the periphery to the center rotating speed, make the reaction force transmission orderly, reaction force is collided mutually cause energy loss, the energy that numerous particles carry in the screw propulsion air-flow can be converted into the thrust to flywheel more fully, can be more energy-conservation.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, can better improve the flywheel rotating speed, can raise the efficiency greatly.
The utility model embodiment's three structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, supercharging device 13 axis central parts arrange fuel and carry cavity 15, fuel carries cavity 15 outlet end to be communicated with firing chamber 7, fuel is carried cavity entrance point middle part that fuel is set and is carried cavity import 19, and fuel supplying device 2 corresponding fuel carry cavity import 19 to arrange.Can fuel be set at supercharging device 13 axis central parts and carry cavity 15, carry cavity entrance point middle part that fuel is set at the fuel of supercharging device suction port 14 ends and carry cavity import 19, the outlet of the fuel pipe of fuel supplying device 2 is located at fuel carries near the cavity import 19 or probe into fuel and carry cavity import 19 get final product, the centrifugal force that can utilize the flywheel rotation to produce axially directly is delivered into fuel in the firing chamber 7 along fuel conveying cavity 15.Fuel directly is delivered in the time of can avoiding fuel conveyor chamber channel temp too high in the firing chamber 7 and causes fuel to carry the cavity internal combustion at fuel.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, causes fuel to carry the cavity internal combustion at fuel in the time of can avoiding fuel conveyor chamber channel temp too high, and shortcoming is: fuel lacks mixing, causes burning insufficient easily, does not generally adopt.
The utility model embodiment's four structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, housing 1 is provided with a plurality of heat recovering devices 21.A plurality of heat recovering devices 21 can adopt hot channel, heat supply sheet etc., can can be arranged on a plurality of heat recovering devices 21 on the housing, can be when cast housing direct casting, can make on the housing and to form many and adopt hot channel, adopting the hot channel inlet end gets final product as shell air inlet, also can adopt the hot channel inlet end with many and be communicated as one, unification is offered a suction port as shell air inlet, can more convenient installation air inlet supplementary equipment.A plurality of heat recovering devices 21 are also available adopts the heat pipe manufacturing, can adopt heat pipe with many and be installed on the housing or on the inner walls and get final product, and can improve and adopt hot side, improves and adopts thermal effect.A plurality of heat recovering device 21 imports also can connect the air-flow conveying equipment, utilize the air-flow conveying equipment that air-flow is flowed to flywheel motor by a plurality of heat recovering devices 21 and get final product.Large-scale flywheel motor can be used hydromining heat, utilize a plurality of heat recovering devices 21 as heat supply source to extraneous heat supply.Small-sized flywheel motor available air is adopted heat, improves the flywheel motor intake temperature.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, can gather waste heat, reduces case temperature, simplifies engine structure, improves intake temperature, improves engine efficiency.
The utility model embodiment's five structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, flywheel 6 peripheries arrange a plurality of firing chambers 7, firing chamber 7 central axis and flywheel shaft 5 central axis are and intersect angle, firing chamber 7 inner chamber cross sections are circular, air inlet of combustion chamber 10 is located on the 7 inner chamber circumference of firing chamber, air outlet, firing chamber 11 is located on 7 central axis of firing chamber, and air outlet, firing chamber 11 cross sectional areas are less than firing chamber 7 maximum cross section areas.In order to improve space availability ratio, improve power, improve firing effect, the flywheel periphery can arrange a plurality of firing chambers 7.A plurality of firing chambers 7 and flywheel 6 can be made one, also a plurality of firing chambers 7 and flywheel 6 can be made the branch body structure and be installed together and get final product.Firing chamber 7 central axis and flywheel shaft 5 central axis are and intersect angle, firing chamber 7 inner chamber cross sections are circular, air inlet of combustion chamber 10 is located on the 7 inner chamber circumference of firing chamber, air outlet, firing chamber 11 is located on 7 central axis of firing chamber, can utilize fluid motion inertia, fuel mixture is tangentially poured in the firing chamber 7 along firing chamber 7 cross sections to be gone out from air outlet, firing chamber 11 behind eddy current that increases progressively from the periphery to the center rotating speed of formation, fuel mixture is cut in the firing chamber 7 under effect of inertia more swimmingly, in firing chamber 7, formed an eddy current that increases progressively to the center rotating speed from the periphery.More high more being conducive to of flywheel rotating speed forms eddy current in the firing chamber 7, more can improve the rotational speed of eddy current in the firing chamber 7.The low structure of the high side of a side also can be arranged in air inlet of combustion chamber 10 outers, and the lower structure of a side towards flywheel 6 sense of rotation the place aheads can further improve rotational speed of eddy current in the firing chamber 7.Air outlet, firing chamber 11 is located on the 7 lumen centers axis of firing chamber, can better form from the periphery the jet of screw propulsion that the center rotating speed increases progressively.The line of firing chamber 7 lumen centers axis and nozzle chamber's 12 lumen centers axis is arranged to circular arc line, and the radian of circular arc line can equate with the radian at flywheel edge, can make firing chamber 7 and nozzle chamber's 12 fluid movement more smooth and easy.Air outlet, firing chamber 11 cross sectional areas are conducive to improve firing chamber 7 internal pressures less than firing chamber 7 maximum cross section areas, improve firing chamber 7 heat storage capacities, can make firing chamber 7 keep burning better.Firing chamber 7 also can arrange communication passage each other, can be in the firing chamber middle and lower part of 7 lumen centers axis offer communication passage, communication passage can be arranged to pipe-like, communication passage can make each firing chamber 7 be interconnected, ignition difficulties or the dead fiery phenomenon that can avoid indivedual firing chambers to cause because of igniter failure better.Communication passage can better make the firing chamber keep burning, can play the effect that keeps in a fire, and causes flame-outly in the time of can avoiding motor significantly to reduce throttle, and flywheel motor is worked more normally.Communication passage can be regarded the part of firing chamber as, and big-block engine also can be arranged on ignition mechanisms such as spark plug, igniter in the communication passage.Also the multiple tracks air-flow path can be set in the flywheel 6.The air-flow path inlet end is opened in the central region on flywheel 6 planes, to flywheel 6 outer rims expansion opening, can make flywheel 6 as draught fan impeller, cooled gas is moved to flywheel 6 outer rims in flywheel 6, air-flow path can play the effect of cooling combustion locular wall, jet locular wall, flywheel.Air-flow path also can be complied with flywheel 6 sense of rotation and tilt to pass the flywheel face, can play the effect of delivery air, air-flow can be transported to flywheel 6 another sides, and specific use can be arranged, and can be used on the aircraft, can guarantee that flywheel motor obtains live gas.Also can block body be set firing chamber 7 inwalls around igniter 8, utilize block body that igniter 8 is blocked, block body is reserved certain interval, makes the mixed gas can inlet point firearm 8 zones.Also can around existing spark plug, a cylinder be set as block body, spark plug is installed in the cylinder, the cylinder bottom arranges an intake grill, and intake grill is met to air-flow, makes air-flow constantly enter in the cylinder, behind the plug ignition, in cylinder, form a fireball, make cylinder form a small furnace, can play the kindling material effect, can be conducive to form sustained combustion in the firing chamber, make the firing chamber be not easy to stop working.Also above-mentioned cylinder and existing spark plug can be made one, make a kind of spark plug, can more conveniently use.Block body can make near the air-flow reduction of speed the igniter 8, avoids high velocity air that kindling material is taken away fast, can realize igniting better.Flame has diffusion velocity, and when airspeed was too fast, flame had little time diffusion, is namely taken out of firing chamber 7, causes ignition difficulties, and block body can address this problem well.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, and efficient is higher, and is more energy-conservation, can reduce the firing chamber inner wall temperature, can make the higher temperature of formation in the firing chamber, can further improve flywheel motor efficient, and it is more obvious to be applied on the big-block engine effect.Rotating speed and flywheel 6 synchronization of the eddy current that increases progressively to the center rotating speed from the periphery in the firing chamber 7 improve, eddy current prolonged fuel in the firing chamber holdup time of 7, better guaranteed the abundant burning of fuel.The material that enters firing chamber 7 is involved in the eddy current center automatically, and fuel combustion is reflected at the eddy current centre area and takes place, and the eddy-current screen energy has reduced direct the contacting of thermal response with firing chamber 7 inwalls, has reduced the temperatures involved of firing chamber 7 inwalls.Eddy current prolonged greatly fuel in the firing chamber 7 move distance and residence time, all there is relative movement each other in particle in the eddy current, fuel particle and oxygen particle are better reacted, in the eddy current center region, the speed of related movement that particle exists each other is faster, and friction pressure each other is bigger, can make faster, the reaction more fully of fuel, make fuel fully burning fast, can realize the fuel lean combustion, can better keep burning.Exergonic speed and what movement velocity and move distance have determined, jet screw propulsion has improved jet move distance and jet velocity greatly, make jetly better to release energy, and delivery temperature is reduced greatly.The High Temperature High Pressure that the eddy current centre area produces has improved the temperature difference with the external world greatly, can improve thermal technology's transformation efficiency of flywheel motor greatly, makes the flywheel motor thermal efficiency very high, makes flywheel motor very energy-conservation.Swirl combustion is burnt fuel more fully, makes very environmental protection of flywheel motor.
The utility model embodiment's six structure is: on embodiment's five architecture basics, the central axis cross section is set on the central axis in the firing chamber 7 is circular obturator 22, obturator 22 is arranged on 7 bottom interior wall of firing chamber.Can be in firing chamber 7 central axis the central axis cross section is set be circular obturator 22, multiple shape such as obturator 22 can do coning, tubaeform, obturator 22 is arranged on 7 bottom interior wall of firing chamber and gets final product.Obturator 22 can be filled firing chamber 7 bottom interior wall zone, can avoid this zone to produce causes fuel mixture too much to accumulate in the firing chamber more than the space, fuel mixture too much when causing igniting participates in instantaneous burst, cause the firing chamber to cause hot plugging or tempering, cause ignition difficulties or igniting idling too high.
Present embodiment has all functions of agent structure, can more convenient realization igniting.
The utility model embodiment's seven structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, a plurality of flywheels 6 are installed on the flywheel shaft 5.A plurality of flywheels 6 being installed on the flywheel shaft 5 can better being improved power, can two flywheels 6 be one group, and two flywheels 6 can lean against together or be fabricated directly in together mutually.
Present embodiment can improve the power of flywheel motor greatly, improves power greatly, can be used as large-sized power plant and uses.Can extensively be used in steamer, train, racing car, thermal power generation etc. needs on the powerful equipment, and its power can substantially exceed existing any superpower motors such as gas turbine.
The utility model embodiment's eight structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel shaft 5 cross sections are the angle of inclination, and flywheel shaft 5 passes supercharging device 13, and flywheel shaft 5 passes supercharging device suction port 14.Nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel shaft 5 cross sections are the angle of inclination, can make flywheel motor get final product also exportable flywheel end thrust of outputting torsion, nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel shaft 5 cross sections can be with reference to the angles of inclination of axial flow impeller blade and flywheel shaft cross section, the angle of inclination should not be too big, too conference hinders the rotating speed of flywheel motor, the angle of inclination also should not be too little, and the higher flywheel rotating speed of too little requirement just can be exported bigger thrust.The angle of inclination is more for a short time to make the more easy raising of flywheel motor rotating speed, and the screw propulsion of formation jet has higher rotating speed, can make its thrust acceleration bigger.Theoretical calculating: when 30 ° of left and right sides were selected at the angle of inclination, effect was better.For making the better bearing axial pushing force of flywheel, raising flywheel rotating speed, can thicken flywheel.Flywheel shaft 5 passes supercharging device 13, and flywheel shaft 5 passes supercharging device suction port 14, and flywheel shaft 5 is passed supercharging device 13, passes supercharging device suction port 14 and get final product.During use, flywheel shaft is installed on cabin body or the car and boat body, nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions to the face tilt of flywheel shaft 5 cross sections away from flywheel shaft, can be produced the thrust to cabin body or car and boat body; Nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions to the face tilt of flywheel shaft 5 cross sections near flywheel shaft, can be produced the pulling force to cabin body or car and boat body.Can outputting torsion also the flywheel motor of exportable thrust can be used for various cars, ship, space flight, aviation aircraft, can utilize thrust to promote the traffic tool and advance, utilize the torsion generating supply traffic tool.The vortex air-flow that the peripheral rotating speed of individual therefrom mind-set of its ejection successively decreases, the eddy airstream sharp side forms a taper, and cone tip part rotates at a high speed, makes energy more concentrate on the center region, sharp side of eddy airstream, has improved jet thrust and jet velocity greatly.Therefrom the vortex air-flow that successively decreases of the peripheral rotating speed of mind-set greatly reduces the friction with surrounding atmosphere, greatly reduces jet noise.Can be at flywheel outer installment protective housing for increasing Security, protective housing outlet end edge and flywheel planar registration or just over the flywheel plane can not influence the jet-stream wind propelling, and protective housing can be avoided causing fragment to fly out and hurting sb.'s feelings because accident causes Flywheel Disintegration.Protective housing can arrange a plurality of heat recovering devices 21 and gather waste heat as the part of housing 1 in protective housing, can improve the thermal efficiency.Heat recovering device 21 imports also can connect the air-flow conveying equipment, utilize the air-flow conveying equipment that air-flow is flowed to flywheel motor by heat recovering device 21 and get final product.
Present embodiment is used for various space flight, aviation aircraft, comprise rocket, aircraft, airship, can replace various Aeronautics and Astronautics air breathing engines, its safer, more energy-conservation, cheap, longer service life, can improve the aircraft flying power greatly, reduce the flight noise, improve flying speed, improve thrust weight ratio.
Present embodiment is used for various car and boat power, and the thrust promotion car and boat that can utilize flywheel motor to produce advance or retreat, and produce brand-new jet power car and boat, can reequip existing car and boat.Can cancel machine driven systems such as clutch, speed changer, transmission shaft, drive wheel, propeller cavitation, can bring simplify the chassis facility, simplify manipulative procedure, improve handling, improve accelerating ability, improve car and boat speed, alleviate tire wear, reduce car body weight, cut down the consumption of energy, balancing vehicle antero posterior axis weight distribution, save interior space, can cancel electric railway, alleviate wheel and rail wear, plurality of advantages such as balance hull.One or more flywheel motor can be installed, can realize the car and boat tune by the jet direction of rotary flyweights motor, also can utilize the flywheel motor jet power to help vehicle descending, braking.The jet direction of flywheel motor is parallel with horizontal plane jet, can utilize jet power more fully, avoids energy loss.When the present embodiment flywheel motor is used on the motorcycle, directly flywheel motor is contained in the motorcycle rear portion and gets final product.
When the present embodiment flywheel motor is used on the car, flywheel motor can be contained in automobile rear, can vacate original engine compartment as trunk and energy-absorbing district, can make vehicle antero posterior axis center of gravity coordinated balance more, more be conducive to vehicle performance.The controlled device that horizontally rotates that flywheel motor is installed can be set on automobile rear roof, trunk lid or chassis, horizontally rotate the jet direction tune that the device rotation realizes flywheel motor with Electric Machine Control.Make flywheel motor jet obliquely upward, can utilize the adhesion between jet power raising wheel and the ground, make automobile safer, can make automobile realize higher speed.The controlled arrangement vehicle turning followup system that horizontally rotates that flywheel motor is installed is set, can utilizes jet power to assist vehicle to keep balance, alleviate vehicle roll, sideslip, whipping, improve vehicle greatly and cross curved ability.Setting horizontally rotates arrangement vehicle heavy braking 180 degree rotary systems, can utilize the flywheel motor jet power to help vehicle better to realize emergency braking, long distance braking, shortens stopping distance.When flywheel motor is installed on the automobile chassis, can make the controlled device running shaft that horizontally rotates that flywheel motor is installed become certain angle of inclination with gravity vertical, flywheel motor is jet to oblique below when making rolling-back of car, and the automobile bottom is influenced by high-temperature gas when alleviating reversing.The present embodiment flywheel motor is used for racing car will create limit high speed on the motor racing history.
When the present embodiment flywheel motor is used aboard, the controlled device that horizontally rotates of a plurality of installation flywheel motors can be set in the inner both sides of locomotive engine, make the jet position of flywheel motor not exceed the train both sides, make the jet direction of flywheel motor and train direction of advance be certain angle of inclination, it is jet to tilt to the train both sides, can realize locomotive propelling and retreat; When the present embodiment flywheel motor is used on the rail motor set, the controlled device that horizontally rotates of a plurality of installation flywheel motors can all be set in both sides, chassis, every joint compartment, many flywheel motors are installed, make the jet direction of flywheel motor and train direction of advance be certain angle of inclination, it is jet to tilt to the train both sides, can realize advancing and retreating of rail motor set, make flywheel motor jet obliquely upward, can utilize the adhesion between jet power raising wheel and the rail, can avoid that the train was derailed, overturn, can make train safer, can make rail motor set can realize the limit high speed of ground motion.
When the present embodiment flywheel motor is used on speedboat, warship, the steamer etc., can cancel propeller cavitation, can be more energy-conservation, improve the speed of a ship or plane, can be more than the waterline of hull both sides or the deck the controlled whirligig of a plurality of installation flywheel motors is set, many flywheel motors are installed, when flywheel motor is installed in the hull both sides, can pass through the size and Orientation of the flywheel motor outputting power of change hull both sides, directly utilize jet power to realize that hull is turned, tune.The jet direction of flywheel motor is horizontal by the angle of inclination, and is jet to oblique below, can utilize the better balance hull of jet power, alleviates hull and influenced by stormy waves to jolt to rock, and makes the ship operation safer.Can reduce the hull draft, reduce the surface friction drag between hull and the current, improve the hull motion speed, even ship is close to fly away from the water surface, ship is close to flies up, form the water surface flying ship, can improve ship's speed greatly.Can utilize computer technology, automatic rotary regulator is set, regulate the angle of inclination of jet direction and horizontal plane automatically according to ship's speed, can utilize jet energy more fully.Controlled whirligig running shaft is parallel with horizontal plane, can make controlled whirligig do the facade rotation, and when making flywheel motor be installed in the hull both sides, flywheel motor did not take up room too much to the hull both sides when controlled whirligig rotated;
When the present embodiment flywheel motor is used on the submersible, propeller cavitation can be cancelled, the noise that advances can be reduced, can be more energy-conservation, improve the speed of a ship or plane, improve flying power.The controlled facade whirligig of the jet tube of a plurality of installations can be set in the submersible both sides, and controlled facade whirligig running shaft is parallel with horizontal plane, can make controlled facade whirligig do the facade rotation.Flywheel motor is installed in the jet tube, and jet tube inlet end arranges suction tude, during engine misses,, injects pressurized gas with jet jet direction down in jet tube, can utilize the interior gas of jet tube all the time water to be arranged, and can avoid water inlet in the motor.Motor utilizes pressurized gas that water inlet in the motor is discharged and gets final product in case water inlet, is opened pressurized gas with the jet direction of jet tube down.
Present embodiment is used for helicopter, can replace propeller cavitation, can be used for multiple vertically taking off and landing flyer, flying saucer etc.Can many playscripts with stage directions embodiment flywheel motor be installed as large-scale means of transportation at helicopter, vertically taking off and landing flyer, flying saucer etc., can deliver or lift by crane large cargo.The present embodiment flywheel motor can be used for specific use more; can realize aircraft vertical takeoff and landing easily; vortex air-flow protection cabin body, the friction of dissolving cabin body and air that the peripheral rotating speed of the therefrom mind-set that can utilize flywheel motor to spray successively decreases, the moving direction that changes the cabin body, shielding gravity field etc. can be developed more course of new aircraft.The vortex air-flow that the peripheral rotating speed of the therefrom mind-set of flywheel motor ejection successively decreases can bring beyond thought flight effect.During use, flywheel motor can be arranged on body top, cabin, nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions are tilted to flywheel shaft 5 cross sections below, supercharging device suction port 14 is arranged on below, flywheel plane, the multiple tracks air-flow path is set in flywheel 6, utilize air-flow path that fresh air is imported below, flywheel plane, can constantly supply with supercharging device suction port 14 fresh airs.Also can a plurality of heat recovering devices 21 be set in the cabin external body and gather waste heat, can improve the thermal efficiency.Heat recovering device 21 imports also can connect the air-flow conveying equipment, utilize the air-flow conveying equipment that air-flow is flowed to flywheel motor by a plurality of heat recovering devices 21 and get final product.
The utility model embodiment's eight structure is: on above embodiment's architecture basics, nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions and flywheel shaft 5 cross sections are the angle of inclination, flywheel shaft 5 is in flywheel 6 both sides respectively with supercharging device 13, fuel is set in the flywheel shaft 5 carries cavity 15, fuel is carried cavity 15 axle heads middle part that fuel is set and is carried cavity import 19, and fuel supplying device 2 corresponding fuel carry cavity import 19 to arrange.During use, flywheel motor can be arranged on body top, cabin, nozzle chamber's 12 jet directions are tilted to flywheel shaft 5 cross sections below, supercharging device suction port 14 is arranged on top, flywheel plane, fuel is set in flywheel shaft 5 carries cavity 15, carry cavity 15 axle heads middle part that fuel is set at fuel and carry cavity import 19, the fuel pipe of fuel supplying device 2 exports corresponding fuel and carries cavity import 19 settings to get final product, flywheel shaft 5 can adopt hollow shaft, carry cavity 15 1 ends to be arranged on the flywheel axle head fuel, fuel is carried cavity 15 axle heads middle part that fuel is set and is carried cavity import 19, fuel pipe outlet is located at fuel carries near the cavity import 19 or probe into fuel and carry cavity import 19 get final product, it is neighbouring or directly be delivered in the firing chamber 7 to utilize centrifugal force that the flywheel shaft rotation produces that fuel axially is transported to supercharging device suction port 14 along flywheel shaft 5.Also the multiple tracks air-flow path can be set in the flywheel 6, air-flow path can be complied with flywheel 6 sense of rotation and tilt to pass the flywheel face, can play the effect of delivery air, air-flow can be transported to the flywheel face at body place, cabin from the flywheel face at supercharging device 13 places, can reduce the gas flow temperature of cabin external body better, can make the gas of cabin external body keep fresh.
Present embodiment is used for helicopter, can replace propeller cavitation, can be used for multiple vertically taking off and landing flyer, flying saucer etc.Can many playscripts with stage directions embodiment flywheel motor be installed as large-scale means of transportation at helicopter, vertically taking off and landing flyer, flying saucer etc., can deliver or lift by crane large cargo.The present embodiment flywheel motor can be used for specific use more; can realize aircraft vertical takeoff and landing easily; vortex air-flow protection cabin body, the friction of dissolving cabin body and air that the peripheral rotating speed of the therefrom mind-set that can utilize flywheel motor to spray successively decreases, the moving direction that changes the cabin body, shielding gravity field etc. can be developed more course of new aircraft.The vortex air-flow that the peripheral rotating speed of the therefrom mind-set of flywheel motor ejection successively decreases can bring beyond thought flight effect.
Working principle: the utility model flywheel motor has an idling speed, during use, at first utilize starting drive to make the flywheel motor rotation, along with the flywheel rotation, air sucks in the supercharging device suction port 14, after flywheel reaches idling speed, fuel supplying device begins transfer the fuel, fuel and combustion-supporting gas or air are sucked in the supercharging device 13 automatically, gas is even with fuel mix in supercharging device 13, realize supercharging, under pressure, fuel mixture enters the firing chamber, ignition device takes fire the fuel under high pressure mixed gas, make and produce high temperature and high pressure gas in the firing chamber, high temperature and high pressure gas is under the effect of the pressure of flywheel rotary centrifugal force and supercharging device 13 generations, can't be from air inlet of combustion chamber 10 ejections, can only be from the air outlet, firing chamber 11 ejections, pressurized gas are converted into the jet-stream wind that jet direction and flywheel 6 radiuses are the angle of inclination by nozzle chamber 12, the reaction force of jet thrust promotes the flywheel rotation, makes flywheel keep rotation, and gas is constantly sucked from supercharging device suction port 14,11 ejections form continual air-flow path from the air outlet, firing chamber.The prerequisite that flywheel motor is kept work is to have a flywheel rotation idling, and the flywheel rotation is lower than idling, and flywheel motor can not be kept work.Theoretical calculating: flywheel rotation idling generally gets final product more than 2000 commentaries on classics/min.Pressurized gas are discharged from nozzle chamber, form thrust, promote the flywheel rotation, and the flywheel outer rim forms the eddy current that successively decreases of rotating speed from the center to the periphery, and this can reduce the noise of flywheel motor greatly.Whole flywheel motor works together does not have boom, as the gyro spin stabilization, and almost not vibration, shake etc.Flywheel motor is in case igniting can be closed ignition mechanism and starting drive, and cancellation external force boosting realizes oneself's rotation at a high speed, outputting power.
During flywheel motor outputting torsion pattern, utilize the flywheel rotation directly thrust to be converted into torsion, the energy loss of having avoided medium tache to cause improves mechanical efficiency greatly, and the capacity usage ratio of whole flywheel motor is improved greatly.
Flywheel motor is that outputting torsion is when also exporting flywheel end thrust or flywheel axial tension pattern, the screw propulsion frontal upcurrent that the rotating speed from the center to the periphery of a flywheel axial motion of generation successively decreases, reduced the friction of air-flow edge and outside air, improve movement velocity and the thrust of central gas stream greatly, improved fltting speed greatly.Jet screw propulsion has improved the move distance of particle in the air-flow, has improved energy release rate and the energy releasing quantity of whole air-flow, has reduced the temperature of jet end, has improved capacity usage ratio.
To high-speed motion, speed all promotes object gradually from static, and the reaction force acts of the jet power of air breathing engine makes aircraft obtain thrust in aircraft.Thrust from numerous particles in the jet-stream wind each other to the transmission of reaction force and the frictional force of jet-stream wind and ambient air.Aircraft movements speed is during near jet velocity, be reference system with the aircraft: the air in the aircraft external world advances with aircraft movements speed to the opposite direction of aircraft direction of advance, cause the frictional force of jet-stream wind and ambient air very little, finally cause not producing thrust, make the accelerating ability of aircraft worse and worse, cause aircraft speed under the effect of resistance of air, to be difficult to improve again.If jet-stream wind can run into the air with aircraft movements direction and speed basically identical all the time, jet-stream wind will remain the thrust to aircraft.
The air-flow of tradition air breathing engine ejection is straight-line jet-stream wind, numerous particles substantially all are the speed propellings with uniformity in the jet-stream wind cross section, numerous particles are very poor to the transmission capacity of reaction force each other in the jet-stream wind, when this just causes aircraft to use traditional air breathing engine, after speed reaches a critical velocity, be subjected to drag effects speed to be difficult to promote, speed also is difficult to improve again under the situation of not considering propelling resistance again.
Therefrom the vortex that successively decreases of the peripheral rotating speed of mind-set advance in the air-flow numerous particles each other movement velocity have greatest differences, vortex advances the fltting speed of zones of different particle in the air-flow cross section to have greatest differences, vortex advances in the air-flow cross section from the center to the periphery, and the fltting speed of particle successively decreases, the slow particle of movement velocity is slower away from the speed of aircraft, the fast particle of movement velocity is faster away from the speed of aircraft, the fast particle of movement velocity can run into the slow particle of movement velocity, cause numerous particles to form the chain type transmission each other, they are high to the transmission capacity of jet reaction.Therefrom the vortex that successively decreases of the peripheral rotating speed of mind-set advances air-flow that particle with aircraft movements direction and speed basically identical is provided continuously, and these particles have better transmitted reaction force, and they have nothing to do with aircraft speed to the transmission capacity of reaction force.These particles finally have been delivered to vortex with reaction force and have advanced the air-flow center, make vortex advance the air-flow center to produce the propelling force that a speed and vortex propelling air-flow center fltting speed equate substantially all the time, this propelling force speed is all the time greater than the aircraft forward velocity, and this propelling force speed deducts the aircraft forward velocity and equals vortex propelling air-flow center jet velocity substantially.
When object falls from the high-altitude, influenced by gravitation, the object speed of falling can be accelerated gradually, and objects at high speed is fallen.Vortex advances air-flow that thrust and the gravitation that aircraft produces is had the effect that plays the same tune on different musical instruments, even vortex advances the air-flow fltting speed not high, aircraft speed is improved gradually, make final high speed, the ultra high speed that it can make the existing air breathing engine of aircraft generation realize of forming of aircraft.
Therefrom the vortex that successively decreases of the peripheral rotating speed of mind-set advances in the air-flow numerous particles motions in order, make the reaction force transmission orderly, reaction force is collided mutually cause energy loss, the energy that vortex advances the interior numerous particles of air-flow to carry can be converted into the thrust to aircraft more fully, can make aircraft more energy-conservation.It can make aircraft produce the super low energy consumption that existing air breathing engine can't be realized, can improve the aircraft flying power greatly simultaneously.The advance resistance of aircraft is mainly from resistance of air, the advance resistance of automobile, train, steamer except from the resistance of air also more from ground friction or current friction, so the advance resistance of aircraft is littler, propulsion method can make the aircraft energy consumption reduce greatly as long as adopt more effectively.
Motor is exactly the instrument of conversion of heat into kinetic energy that fuel combustion is produced, and a perfect motor need have two primary conditions: 1, make fuel fully burning as far as possible, 2, energy is fully transformed as far as possible.It also will have in addition: simple structure, simple conditions of manufacture, cheap cost, cheap user cost, the working life of overlength, super wide fuel Applicable scope, super wide Applicable scope, energy-conserving and environment-protective, in light weight, noise is low, low vibrations, power range is wide, speed range is wide, moment of torsion is big, little etc. the condition of volume.This flywheel motor has possessed these conditions, and it has realized fuel combustion better, the conversion of heat into kinetic energy that fuel combustion is produced.
The technical solution of the utility model is not restricted in the embodiment's described in the utility model scope.The utility model not technology contents of detailed description is known technology.

Claims (10)

1. flywheel motor, comprise housing (1), fuel supplying device (2), ignition mechanism (3), starting drive (4) and spin stabilization device (20), it is characterized in that: housing (1) is gone up flywheel shaft (5) is installed, flywheel shaft (5) connects starting drive (4), a flywheel (6) is installed on the flywheel shaft (5) at least, a firing chamber (7) is set on the flywheel (6) at least, firing chamber (7) set-point firearm (8), igniter (8) is communicated with ignition mechanism (3) by circuit (9), air inlet of combustion chamber (10) and air outlet, firing chamber (11) are established in firing chamber (7), air outlet, firing chamber (11) is communicated with nozzle chamber (12), nozzle chamber (12) inner chamber is expanded to flywheel (6) outer rim direction opening, the jet direction of nozzle chamber (12) and flywheel (6) radius are the angle of inclination, flywheel (6) is gone up respective combustion chamber suction port (10) supercharging device (13) is set, supercharging device (13) arranges supercharging device suction port (14), and fuel supplying device (2) respective combustion chamber (7) arranges.
2. flywheel motor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: a plurality of blades (16) are set in the supercharging device (13), blade (16) is the angle of inclination with flywheel shaft (5) cross section, supercharging device (13) outer installment supercharging cover (17), supercharging cover (17) inner chamber is expanded gradually to air inlet of combustion chamber (10) direction, supercharging device (13) middle part arranges baffle cover (18), baffle cover (18) outer radial air inlet of combustion chamber (10) direction is expanded gradually, the expansion angle of baffle cover (18) external diameter is greater than the expansion angle of supercharging cover (17) inner chamber, blade (16) outer rim is arranged on supercharging cover (17) inwall, and blade (16) inner edge is arranged on baffle cover (18) outer wall.
3. flywheel motor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: nozzle chamber (12) inner chamber cross-sectional circumference is for circular, and air outlet, firing chamber (11) are arranged on nozzle chamber (12) the inner chamber circumference.
4. flywheel motor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: supercharging device (13) axis central part arranges fuel and carries cavity (15), fuel carries cavity (15) outlet end to be communicated with firing chamber (7), fuel is carried cavity entrance point middle part that fuel is set and is carried cavity import (19), and the corresponding fuel of fuel supplying device (2) is carried cavity import (19) setting.
5. flywheel motor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: housing (1) is provided with a plurality of heat recovering devices (21).
6. flywheel motor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: flywheel (6) periphery arranges a plurality of firing chambers (7), firing chamber (7) central axis and flywheel shaft (5) central axis are and intersect angle, firing chamber (7) inner chamber cross-sectional circumference is circular, air inlet of combustion chamber (10) is located on the inner chamber circumference of firing chamber (7), air outlet, firing chamber (11) is located on the central axis of firing chamber (7), and air outlet, firing chamber (11) cross sectional area is less than maximum cross section, firing chamber (7) area.
7. flywheel motor according to claim 6 is characterized in that: the central axis cross section is set on the interior central axis in firing chamber (7) is circular obturator (22), obturator (22) is arranged on the bottom interior wall of firing chamber (7).
8. according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7 each described flywheel motors, it is characterized in that: flywheel shaft (5) is gone up a plurality of flywheels (6) is installed.
9. according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7 each described flywheel motors, it is characterized in that: the jet direction of nozzle chamber (12) and flywheel shaft (5) cross section are the angle of inclination, flywheel shaft (5) passes supercharging device (13), and flywheel shaft (5) passes supercharging device suction port (14).
10. according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7 each described flywheel motors, it is characterized in that: the jet direction of nozzle chamber (12) and flywheel shaft (5) cross section are the angle of inclination, flywheel shaft (5) is in flywheel (6) both sides respectively with supercharging device (13), fuel is set in the flywheel shaft (5) carries cavity (15), fuel is carried cavity (15) axle head middle part that fuel is set and is carried cavity import (19), and the corresponding fuel of fuel supplying device (2) is carried cavity import (19) setting.
CN 201220676719 2012-09-09 2012-12-07 Flywheel engine Expired - Fee Related CN203067127U (en)

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CN201210358876 2012-09-09
CN201210358876.4 2012-09-09
CN 201220676719 CN203067127U (en) 2012-09-09 2012-12-07 Flywheel engine

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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103016205A (en) * 2012-09-09 2013-04-03 陈久斌 Flywheel engine

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CN104564423A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 王秋林 Run-off ramjet engine

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US4332520A (en) * 1979-11-29 1982-06-01 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Velocity pump reaction turbine
US5408824A (en) * 1993-12-15 1995-04-25 Schlote; Andrew Rotary heat engine
CN1234966C (en) * 2000-11-17 2006-01-04 祝长宇 Jet rotary engine
US7708522B2 (en) * 2006-01-03 2010-05-04 Innovative Energy, Inc. Rotary heat engine
WO2012003706A1 (en) * 2010-07-07 2012-01-12 Jin Beibiao Supersonic rotor engine
CN202451298U (en) * 2011-07-19 2012-09-26 陈久斌 Flywheel turbine
CN103016205A (en) * 2012-09-09 2013-04-03 陈久斌 Flywheel engine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103016205A (en) * 2012-09-09 2013-04-03 陈久斌 Flywheel engine

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