CN202371981U - Drying and dewatering device employing air-source heat pump - Google Patents

Drying and dewatering device employing air-source heat pump Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202371981U
CN202371981U CN2011204358084U CN201120435808U CN202371981U CN 202371981 U CN202371981 U CN 202371981U CN 2011204358084 U CN2011204358084 U CN 2011204358084U CN 201120435808 U CN201120435808 U CN 201120435808U CN 202371981 U CN202371981 U CN 202371981U
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Prior art keywords
air
dewatering
condenser
heat pump
drying
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011204358084U
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Chinese (zh)
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胡立
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胡立
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a drying and dewatering device employing an air-source heat pump, which includes a heat pump device and a drying and dewatering operation region, wherein the heat pump device includes a compressor (1), a high-level condenser (2-1), a low-level condenser (2-2), a drier (3), a throttling valve (4) and an evaporator (5) that are connected in sequence. The drying and dewatering device employing the air-source heat pump has the advantages of no pollution, good energy conservation, small pressure loss, rapid temperature rise of the whole device, high drying temperature, and facilitation of improvement on product quality.

Description

A kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the drying and dewatering device, especially a kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device.
Background technology
Energy-conservation and environmental protection is the problem of attracting worldwide attention, and fields such as industrially drying, dewatered drying, dehumidifying are no exception.Compare with other same category of device; Hot-air seasoning equipment is to use the most most economical equipment in flue-cured tobacco, dehydrated vegetables oven dry, medicinal material and the industry production links such as fresh flower oven dry and industrially drying dehydration; Because what the present hot-air seasoning equipment overwhelming majority on the market adopted is that electrical heating or hot-blast stoves such as fuel oil, combustion gas and fire coal provide the hot blast mode of heating; And there are serious phenomenon problem such as exhaust emission weight, high energy consumption, energy saving economy property difference in fuel oil, combustion gas and coal-fired hot-blast stove; Especially along with coal, oil and natural gas fuel cost increase severely day by day; The unit's of causing ton product consumes energy cost is high, and the cost benefit of enterprise is seriously impacted and cut down the pressure threat, and it is serious day by day directly to restrict problem such as related industry chain sound development.In recent years; Heat pump is as a novel energy-conserving technology; Solved a slow problem of traditional drying efficiency and the high difficult problem of oven dry cost to a great extent, bake out temperature compares with similar hot-air seasoning equipment under the process conditions below 100 ℃; The dry drying plant of its considerable energy saving emission reduction effect advantage, particularly high-efficiency high-temperature air energy heat pump is society and corporate boss's concern and favor extremely; But because the heat pump drying industry is in the sprouting test phase at present; The proprietary technology advantage is not outstanding; And there are problems such as flow process is many, the pressure loss is big in the air cooled condenser form of using; Cause in practical application the ubiquity whole system heat up slow, baking temperature is low and influence product quality raising rate, and the utmost point occurs and be unfavorable for improving system thermal efficiency, move problems such as comprehensive Energy Efficiency Ratio, energy saving economy property.
The utility model content
The utility model exists exhaust emission weight, high energy consumption, energy saving economy property poor in order to solve present combustion gas and coal-fired hot-blast stove; The air cooled condenser form exists that flow process is many, the pressure loss is big; Whole system heats up slowly, baking temperature is low and influence problems such as product quality, energy saving economy property, and a kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device is provided.
Its technical scheme of the utility model solution is in order to achieve the above object: a kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device; It is characterized in that; Comprise heat pump assembly and drying and dewatering operation interval, said heat pump assembly comprises compressor, high-level condenser, low level condenser, drier, choke valve and evaporimeter, and an end of said evaporimeter is connected with an end of compressor; The other end is connected with an end of choke valve; The other end of compressor is connected with high-level condenser one end, and the other end of choke valve is connected with an end of drier, and the other end of drier is connected with an end of low level condenser; The other end of high-level condenser is connected with the other end of low level condenser, and high-level condenser is identical with inorganic heat pipe condenser structure with the low level structure of condenser.
Said drying and dewatering operation interval be provided with temperature adjustment fan, dehumidifier scavenger fan, dehumidifier exhaust return air pipeline, high-temperature hot-air air outlet, circulating air return air inlet and in warm wind air outlet; Said dehumidifier exhaust return air pipeline is connected to evaporimeter air inlet place; Be provided with the first forced-ventilated fan in the high-temperature hot-air air outlet, in be provided with the second forced-ventilated fan in the warm wind air outlet.
Be provided with the first air intake pipeline, the second air intake pipeline and the 3rd air intake pipeline between said heat pump assembly and the drying and dewatering operation interval; One end of the said first air intake pipeline is connected with an end of condenser; The other end of the first air intake pipeline is connected with the high-temperature hot-air air outlet; One end of the second air intake pipeline is connected with the other end of condenser; The other end of the second air intake pipeline is connected with the circulating air return air inlet, and an end of the 3rd air intake pipeline is connected with the other end of low level condenser, the 3rd air intake pipeline other end with in warm wind air outlet be connected.
Embodiment according to the utility model is said; High-level condenser adopts inorganic heat pipe condenser; And high-level condenser is connected to form closed cycle heating hot blast circuit system by the first air intake pipeline, the second air intake pipeline and forced-ventilated fan and drying and dewatering operation interval; The saturated gaseous state phase region of the high temperature refrigerant condensation sensible heat heating that makes full use of the high-level condenser of flowing through obtains high temperature hot gas, under the effect of forced-ventilated fan power, is delivered in the drying and dewatering operation interval, realizes the hot air circulation heating.
Embodiment according to the utility model is said; The low level condenser adopts inorganic heat pipe condenser; Warm heat hot wind system in connecting to form by in/out air tube and forced-ventilated fan and drying and dewatering operation interval; Treated new wind preheated air is delivered in the drying and dewatering operation interval under the effect of forced-ventilated fan power after getting into the heating of low level condenser, realizes new wind-heat air heat processing.
Embodiment according to the utility model is said; Inorganic heat pipe condenser comprises condenser pipe, inorganic superconducting heat pipe, bellows pipeline and forced-ventilated fan; The inorganic superconducting heat pipe is arranged in the bellows pipeline, condenser pipe be connected with the inorganic superconducting heat pipe, the forced-ventilated fan is installed in the air outlet of bellows pipeline.
Embodiment according to the utility model is said, and inorganic superconducting heat is pipe racks fin structure inorganic superconducting heat pipe.
Embodiment according to the utility model is said, and the inorganic superconducting heat pipe is combined by multiple inorganic elements.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is: pollution-free, low energy consumption, energy saving economy property are good, and the pressure loss is little, and the whole system quick heating, baking temperature is high and be beneficial to and improve the quality of products.
Description of drawings
The utility model will explain through example and with reference to the mode of accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the general structure principle schematic of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is an inorganic heat pipe condenser structural principle sketch map among Fig. 1.
Reference numeral is: 1 is compressor, and 2 is inorganic heat pipe condenser, and 2-1 is a high-level condenser, and 2-2 is the low level condenser; 3 is drier, and 4 is choke valve, and 5 is evaporimeter, and 6 is the drying and dewatering operation interval; 7 are the temperature adjustment fan, and 8 are the dehumidifier scavenger fan, and 8-1 is a dehumidifier exhaust return air pipeline, and 9 is the first air intake pipeline; 10 is the second air intake pipeline, and 12 is the 3rd air intake pipeline, and 11 is that the first forced-ventilated fan, 13 is the second forced-ventilated fan, and 14 is condenser pipe; 15 is inorganic heat pipe, and 16 are working medium inlet house steward, and 17 is the 3rd Forced discharge fan, and 18 is the bellows pipeline.
The specific embodiment
Disclosed all characteristics in this specification, or the step in disclosed all methods or the process except mutually exclusive characteristic and/or the step, all can make up by any way.
Disclosed arbitrary characteristic in this specification (comprising any accessory claim, summary and accompanying drawing) is only if special narration all can or have similar purpose alternative features by other equivalences and replace.That is, only if special narration, each characteristic is an example in a series of equivalences or the similar characteristics.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2; A kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device is characterized in that, comprises heat pump assembly and drying and dewatering operation interval; Said heat pump assembly comprises compressor 1, high-level condenser 2-1, low level condenser 2-2, drier 3, choke valve 4 and evaporimeter 5; One end of said evaporimeter 5 is connected with an end of compressor 1, and said evaporimeter 5 other ends are connected with an end of choke valve 4, and the other end of compressor 1 is connected with high-level condenser 2-1 one end; The other end of choke valve 4 is connected with an end of drier 3; The other end of drier 3 is connected with the end of low level condenser 2-2, and the other end of high-level condenser 2-1 is connected with the other end of low level condenser 2-2, and the structure of high-level condenser 2-1 and low level condenser 2-2 is identical with inorganic heat pipe condenser structure.The drying and dewatering operation interval be provided with temperature adjustment fan 7, dehumidifier scavenger fan 8,8-1 be dehumidifier exhaust return air pipeline, high-temperature hot-air air outlet 9-1, circulating air return air inlet 10-1 and in warm wind air outlet 12-1; Said dehumidifier exhaust return air pipeline 8-1 is connected to evaporimeter air inlet place; Be provided with the first forced-ventilated fan 11 in the high-temperature hot-air air outlet 9-1, in be provided with the second forced-ventilated fan 13 in the warm wind air outlet 12-1;
Be provided with the first air intake pipeline 9, the second air intake pipeline 10 and the 3rd air intake pipeline 12 between heat pump assembly and the drying and dewatering operation interval; One end of the said first air intake pipeline 9 is connected with the end of high-level condenser 2-1; The other end of the first air intake pipeline 9 is connected with high-temperature hot-air air outlet 9-1; One end of the second air intake pipeline 10 is connected with the other end of high-level condenser 2-1; The other end of the second air intake pipeline 10 is connected with circulating air return air inlet 10-1, and an end of the 3rd air intake pipeline 12 is connected with the other end of low level condenser 2-2, the 3rd air intake pipeline 12 other ends with in warm wind air outlet 12-1 be connected.Inorganic heat pipe condenser comprises condenser pipe 14, inorganic superconducting heat pipe 15, bellows pipeline 19 and three strongest ones' ventilating fan 17; Inorganic superconducting heat pipe 15 is arranged in the bellows pipeline 19; The two ends of inorganic superconducting heat pipe 15 are connected with an end of condenser pipe 14; Three strongest ones' ventilating fan 17 is installed in the air outlet place of bellows pipeline 19; Inorganic superconducting heat pipe 15 is band fin structure inorganic superconducting heat pipes, and inorganic superconducting heat pipe 15 is combined by multiple inorganic elements, and the other end of condenser pipe 14 is connected with working medium inlet house steward 16.
The operation principle of the utility model does; Drying medium is brought the air of high humidity into evaporator with heat pump under the effect of blower fan, by cool-down dehumidification, become approximate saturated in the evaporimeter air; But the cold dry air that moisture content is extremely low gets into the low level condenser; Cold dry air is heated up again in the low level condenser, becomes the temperature height, and the hot-air that moisture content is low gets into dry workspace dried material.
Hot-air in the workspace is brought high-level condenser repeatedly under the effect of blower fan, Hot air quilt heats up in high-level condenser, becomes the high hot-air of temperature, repeats to get into dry workspace dried material; Hot-air in the workspace absorbs the moisture in the material through circulation heating repeatedly, the humidification of self lowering the temperature, and the process that process hot blast hydrofuge or condensation dewater is taken away the discharge of the moisture water in the material, and is finally realized the continuous drying of material.
The utility model is not limited to the aforesaid specific embodiment.The utility model expands to any new feature or any new combination that discloses in this manual, and the arbitrary new method that discloses or step or any new combination of process.

Claims (7)

1. air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device; It is characterized in that; Comprise heat pump assembly and drying and dewatering operation interval; Said heat pump assembly comprises compressor (1), high-level condenser (2-1), low level condenser (2-2), drier (3), choke valve (4) and evaporimeter (5); One end of said evaporimeter (5) is connected with an end of compressor (1), and the other end of said evaporimeter (5) is connected with an end of choke valve (4), and the other end of compressor (1) is connected with high-level condenser (2-1) end; The other end of choke valve (4) is connected with an end of drier (3); The other end of drier (3) is connected with an end of low level condenser (2-2), and the other end of high-level condenser (2-1) is connected with the other end of low level condenser (2-2), and the structure of high-level condenser (2-1) and low level condenser (2-2) is identical with the structure of inorganic heat pipe condenser (2).
2. a kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; The drying and dewatering operation interval be provided with temperature adjustment fan (7), dehumidifier scavenger fan (8), dehumidifier exhaust return air pipeline (8-1), high-temperature hot-air air outlet (9-1), circulating air return air inlet (10-1) and in warm wind air outlet (12-1); Said dehumidifier exhaust return air pipeline (8-1) is connected to evaporimeter (5) air inlet place; Be provided with the first forced-ventilated fan (11) in the high-temperature hot-air air outlet (9-1), in be provided with the second forced-ventilated fan (13) in the warm wind air outlet (12-1).
3. a kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that; Be provided with the first air intake pipeline (9), the second air intake pipeline (10) and the 3rd air intake pipeline (12) between heat pump assembly and the drying and dewatering operation interval; One end of the said first air intake pipeline (9) is connected with an end of high-level condenser (2-1); The other end of the first air intake pipeline (9) is connected with high-temperature hot-air air outlet (9-1), and an end of the second air intake pipeline (10) is connected with the other end of high-level condenser (2-1), and the other end of the second air intake pipeline (10) is connected with circulating air return air inlet (10-1); One end of the 3rd air intake pipeline (12) is connected with the other end of low level condenser (2-2), the 3rd air intake pipeline (12) other end with in warm wind air outlet (12-1) be connected.
4. a kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Inorganic heat pipe condenser (2) comprises condenser pipe (14), inorganic superconducting heat pipe (15), bellows pipeline (19) and three strongest ones' ventilating fan (17); Inorganic superconducting heat pipe (15) is arranged in the bellows pipeline (19), and the two ends of inorganic superconducting heat pipe (15) are connected with an end of condenser pipe (14), and three strongest ones' ventilating fan (17) is installed in the air outlet place of bellows pipeline (19).
5. a kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device according to claim 4 is characterized in that, inorganic superconducting heat pipe (15) is a band fin structure inorganic superconducting heat pipe.
6. a kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device according to claim 4 is characterized in that inorganic superconducting heat pipe (15) is combined by multiple inorganic elements.
7. a kind of air energy heat pump drying and dewatering device according to claim 4 is characterized in that, the other end of condenser pipe (14) is connected with working medium inlet house steward (16).
CN2011204358084U 2011-11-07 2011-11-07 Drying and dewatering device employing air-source heat pump Expired - Fee Related CN202371981U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN2011204358084U CN202371981U (en) 2011-11-07 2011-11-07 Drying and dewatering device employing air-source heat pump

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204358084U CN202371981U (en) 2011-11-07 2011-11-07 Drying and dewatering device employing air-source heat pump

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103727768A (en) * 2012-10-16 2014-04-16 莫少民 Heat accumulating type overlapping heat pump two-level back-heating dehydration roasting chamber system
CN104713319A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-17 合肥天鹅制冷科技有限公司 Heat recovery type heat pump drying machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103727768A (en) * 2012-10-16 2014-04-16 莫少民 Heat accumulating type overlapping heat pump two-level back-heating dehydration roasting chamber system
CN103727768B (en) * 2012-10-16 2016-05-18 莫少民 A kind of heat accumulating type overlapping heat pump secondary backheat dehydration drying room system
CN104713319A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-17 合肥天鹅制冷科技有限公司 Heat recovery type heat pump drying machine

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EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
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Granted publication date: 20120808

Termination date: 20141107