CN104677065A - Full automatic air energy cocoon drying machine - Google Patents

Full automatic air energy cocoon drying machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104677065A
CN104677065A CN201410541312.3A CN201410541312A CN104677065A CN 104677065 A CN104677065 A CN 104677065A CN 201410541312 A CN201410541312 A CN 201410541312A CN 104677065 A CN104677065 A CN 104677065A
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China
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air
hothouse
heat
cocoon
drying
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CN201410541312.3A
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CN104677065B (en
Inventor
罗家仁
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Guangxi Great Ge Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Guangxi Great Ge Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product
    • Y02P70/62Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product related technologies for production or treatment of textile or flexible materials or products thereof, including footwear

Abstract

The invention discloses a full automatic air energy cocoon drying machine comprising a heat pump, a sealed drying chamber, an air returning heat exchange device, a spoiler, a spoiling fan, a condenser, an evaporator, a heat recovery device and an embedded microprocessor. The drying chamber is provided with a material rack for placing the dried cocoons; air inlets are arranged on left and right sides of the upper portion of the drying chamber, one ends of the air inlets are connected to a plenum chamber arranged in the drying chamber, and the other ends are connected to hot air output pipelines; the other ends of the hot air output pipelines are connected to the heat recovery device and an air return pipeline connected to the evaporator, one end of the evaporator is connected to the air returning heat exchange device, and the other end is connected to the heat recovery device. The energy consumption is reduced greatly in the drying process, environment pollution is avoided, the dried cocoons are even in heating and evaporation, the quality of the dried cocoons is fine, the smell of pupae is eliminated, labor cost is lowered, and the cocoon drying automation is realized.

Description

A kind of full-automatic air energy cocoon drier
Technical field
The present invention relates to dryer technical field, be specifically related to a kind of full-automatic air energy cocoon drier.
Background technology
At present, our national cocoon drying mainly adopts the Soviet Union 83 type function drying stove for silkworm cocoon technology and eight in the 60 to 70's, the hot-blast stove Cocoon Baking Technology of the nineties.83 type function drying stove for silkworm cocoons of reviving are all obtain thermal source by burn wood, coal etc. when cocoon drying, and directly calorify by the silk cocoon of drying, the pernicious gases such as the carbon dioxide produced in cocoon drying process, sulfur dioxide are directly discharged to atmosphere pollution environment; The temperature of cocoon drying is simultaneously controlled by hand-firing's quantity of flammable substances, usually between 110 DEG C ~ 120 DEG C, needs skilled craftsman to operate, and dried cocoon quality is directly subject to human factor impact.Hot-blast stove Cocoon Baking Technology is in the technical improvement of Soviet Union 83 type function drying stove for silkworm cocoon, adopt hot-blast stove mode of heating, silk cocoon reciprocates through heating region by conveyer belt and reaches oven dry object, between cocoon drying temperature 110 DEG C ~ ~ 120 DEG C, there is the pernicious gas such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide equally directly discharged to atmosphere pollution environment.Existing Cocoon Baking Technology is all maintain cocoon drying temperature higher (more than 110 DEG C), and the moisture evaporated in cocoon drying process is directly discharged to air, and energy consumption is large, the low inferior drawback of energy utilization rate.Revive 83 type function drying stove for silkworm cocoon cocoon drying time divide primary drying and two punchings especially (dries after 4 to 6 hours, shutting down enabling, silk cocoon is removed drying room be primary drying; And then silk cocoon reversing of position up and down, object is the thermally equivalent in order to dry silk cocoon, is two punchings).Hot-blast stove cocoon drying avoids primary drying and two manpowers rushed and heat energy and wastes, but hot-blast stove is bulky, and install complicated, operative skill requires higher, is not suitable for silkworm raiser cooperative association or Large scale silkworm raiser use.In addition, when cocoon drying temperature is higher, silkworm chrysalis can flow out pupal fat by during more than 100 DEG C high-temperature bakings, and pupal fat can be oxidized and produce harmful ammonia, does not reach national food sanitation standard.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of energy consumption reducing drying course is provided, environmentally safe, cocoon drying process automation, the comprehensive monitoring of the temperature in drying room, humidity, improve the full-automatic air energy cocoon drier of dried cocoon quality.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of full-automatic air energy cocoon drier, comprise heat pump, airtight hothouse, return air heat-exchanger rig, spoiler, fan, condenser, heat reclamation device, evaporimeter, and embedded microprocessor, the material frame putting dried silk cocoon is provided with in described hothouse, described material frame both sides arrange spoiler and fan, described hothouse top the right and left is respectively provided with an air inlet, air inlet one end is connected with the plenum chamber be arranged in hothouse, the other end is connected with hot blast output channel, the hot blast output channel other end respectively with heat reclamation device, return air duct is connected, described return air duct is connected with evaporimeter, described evaporimeter one end is connected with return air heat-exchanger rig, the other end is connected with heat reclamation device, the heat reclamation device other end is connected with condenser, described hothouse bottom the right and left is respectively provided with an air outlet, the damp-heat air of air outlet is divided into two parts outside air outlet, the hothouse cool-down dehumidification that a part enters heat pump is dry cold air, recirculation enters condenser intensification and enters hothouse, another part is discharged to evaporimeter.
Further, described heat reclamation device is provided with superconduction heat exchange sheet, and be provided with dividing plate in the middle part of described superconduction heat exchange sheet, superconduction heat exchange sheet is divided into upper and lower two parts by dividing plate, the air outlet of bottom next-door neighbour's hothouse.
Further, described air outlet place is provided with intelligent distinguished and admirable control device.
Further, the sensor that described embedded microprocessor is arranged on hothouse taken outdoors temperature and humidity data with multiple and multiple sensor being located at indoor employing temperature and humidity data are connected, described embedded microprocessor with can the electric expansion valve of Based Intelligent Control aperture be connected, described embedded microprocessor is also connected with spoiler, fan.
The present invention adopts the beneficial effect of technique scheme to be: the thermal source that the present invention utilizes air energy heat pump technology to provide silk cocoon to dry, greatly reduce the energy consumption of drying course, environmentally safe, in conjunction with the comprehensive monitoring technology of the humiture in drying room, by double-faced ventilated middle upper portion return air, additional indoor disturbing flow device, make to be dried silk cocoon to be heated, transpiring moisture is even, dried cocoon is best in quality without pupal fat taste, in drying course, silk cocoon is in static state simultaneously, reduce energy consumption and cost of labor, drying course and dehumidification process carry out simultaneously, dry under the drying room condition that silk cocoon is constantly reduced in lower temperature (between 60 ° ~ 80 DEG C) and humidity, realize cocoon drying process automation, both energy consumption had been reached low, pollute few, dart transfer, dried cocoon quality can be improved again.With compared with traditional cocoon drying mode, all increase in reelability percentage, cleanliness factor etc. with the silk cocoon that present device is dried, in addition, the silk cocoon of drying can't smell pupal fat taste, dries the silkworm chrysalis of silk cocoon reach national food sanitation standard completely through inspection present device.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is main machine structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further illustrated, but do not form any limitation of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of full-automatic air energy cocoon drier, comprise heat pump, airtight hothouse 1, return air heat-exchanger rig 3, heat exchanger, and embedded microprocessor, described hothouse 1 top the right and left is respectively provided with an air inlet, air inlet one end is connected with the plenum chamber 11 be arranged in hothouse 1, the other end is connected with hot blast output channel 7, hot blast output channel 7 other end respectively with heat reclamation device 9, return air duct 2 is connected, described return air duct 2 is connected with evaporimeter 10, described evaporimeter 10 is connected with return air heat-exchanger rig 3, the air of air inlet flows through intensification (80 DEG C) at the condenser 8 of heat pump end and enters the dry air of hothouse to silk cocoon heat temperature raising, described hothouse 1 bottom the right and left is respectively provided with an air outlet 7, the damp-heat air of air outlet is divided into two parts outside air outlet, the hothouse cool-down dehumidification that a part enters heat pump is dry cold air, recirculation enters condenser 8 intensification and enters hothouse 1, another part is directly discharged to evaporimeter 10 recovery waste heat.
Described heat reclamation device 9 is provided with superconduction heat exchange sheet, dividing plate is provided with in the middle part of described superconduction heat exchange sheet, superconduction heat exchange sheet is divided into upper and lower two parts by dividing plate, the air outlet 7 of bottom next-door neighbour's hothouse, after superconduction heat exchange sheet moment top and the bottom equalized temperature, the air temperature of bottom is reduced and enters hothouse, reduce the temperature to the dehumidifying of condensation dew point further; The temperature on top is heated to the air before entering heat pump condenser 8, reaches best dehumidifying temperature rise effect.
Be provided with material frame 5, described material frame 5 both sides of putting dried silk cocoon in described hothouse 1 and spoiler and fan 4 are set.
Described air outlet 7 is provided with intelligent distinguished and admirable control device, to determine to enter the air quantity of dehumidifying and the air quantity ratio discharged to evaporimeter 10, reaches optimum efficiency.
The sensor that described embedded microprocessor is arranged on hothouse 1 taken outdoors temperature and humidity data with multiple and multiple sensor being located at indoor employing temperature and humidity data are connected, after microcontroller acquires Data Analysis Services, control the air force of spoiler direction and flow-disturbing blower fan, described embedded microprocessor with can the electric expansion valve of Based Intelligent Control aperture be connected, realize the balance between optimum temperature rise point and maximum thermal power transfer, temperature, the control of humidity automatically regulates according to the cocoon drying characteristic in silk cocoon machining process, parallel in the dehumidifying of intensification initial stage hydrofuge, and based on hydrofuge, after completing the pupa killing stage, (about 30 minutes) enter dehumidifying full load running status, according to drying indoor temperature, the size of humidity change intelligent decision hydrofuge amount, enter later stage drying stage, close hydrofuge, to heat (control temperature 65-70 DEG C) and dehumidifying completes drying course.Described embedded microprocessor is also connected with fan, disturbing flow device 4, temperature, the humidity of regional point is constantly monitored during oven dry, according to the heating load of the automatic control band fan of Monitoring Data, and carry out the position adjustments of disturbing flow device, realize drying silk cocoon equably.
Operation principle of the present invention is as follows: air energy cocoon drier of the present invention is a kind of Novel drying device, according to physical Carnot cycle principle, the inner effect by compressor of cocoon drier, by consuming a small amount of electric energy, under the acting in conjunction of the cold-producing medium of compressor and heat-exchanger rig Inner eycle, heat pump absorbs the low temperature heat energy in air, again by low temperature heat energy temperature increase, be used for heating enter hothouse need dry matter, and coordinate condenser by the energy recovery of the hot-air after material gasification, humidity reduces (using evaporator cools liquefaction for condensate water discharge), iterative cycles is until reach dry requirement, at the dehumidifying of different phase Based Intelligent Control and hydrofuge, realize supermatic drying effect, use embedded microprocessor control system, Based Intelligent Control temperature, humidity, wind speed etc.
The present invention is in actual application:
One, energy consumption is low: dry 1 kilogram of fresh cocoon power consumption 0.6 degree by present device, and expense is 0.30 yuan of/kilogram fresh cocoon; 83 type function drying stove for silkworm cocoons of reviving burn coal heating, and dry 1 kilogram of fresh cocoon consumption standard coal 0.757 kilogram, expense is 0.61 yuan of/kilogram fresh cocoon, and the former saves more than 50% than the latter.
Two, environmental protection: dry silk cocoon by present device, without the noxious gas emission such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide.
Three, save manually: when drying silk cocoon by present device, increase fuel without the need to human attendance, therefore, with Soviet Union 83 type function drying stove for silkworm cocoon ratio, often dry 1000 kilograms of fresh cocoons and can save 1.5 recruitments.
Four, intelligent: when drying silk cocoon by present device, heat hydrofuge, shut down to point, disposing abnormal alarm etc. all can long-range Automatic Control and surveillance equipment running status.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention and principal character.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and description just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. a full-automatic air energy cocoon drier, it is characterized in that: comprise heat pump, airtight hothouse (1), return air heat-exchanger rig (3), spoiler, fan (4), condenser (8), heat reclamation device (9), evaporimeter (10), and embedded microprocessor, the material frame (5) putting dried silk cocoon is provided with in described hothouse (1), described material frame (5) both sides arrange spoiler and fan (4), described hothouse (1) top the right and left is respectively provided with an air inlet, air inlet one end is connected with the plenum chamber (11) be arranged in hothouse (1), the other end is connected with hot blast output channel (7), hot blast output channel (7) other end respectively with heat reclamation device (8), return air duct (2) is connected, described return air duct (2) is connected with evaporimeter (10), described evaporimeter (10) one end is connected with return air heat-exchanger rig (3), the other end is connected with heat reclamation device (9), heat reclamation device (9) other end is connected with condenser (8), described hothouse 1 bottom the right and left is respectively provided with an air outlet (7), the damp-heat air of air outlet (7) is divided into two parts outside air outlet (7), hothouse (1) cool-down dehumidification that a part enters heat pump is dry cold air, recirculation enters condenser (8) intensification and enters hothouse (1), another part is discharged to evaporimeter (10).
2. full-automatic air energy cocoon drier according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described heat reclamation device (9) is provided with superconduction heat exchange sheet, dividing plate is provided with in the middle part of described superconduction heat exchange sheet, superconduction heat exchange sheet is divided into upper and lower two parts by dividing plate, the air outlet (7) of bottom next-door neighbour's hothouse (1).
3. full-automatic air energy cocoon drier according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described air outlet (7) place is provided with intelligent distinguished and admirable control device.
4. full-automatic air energy cocoon drier according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the sensor that described embedded microprocessor is arranged on hothouse (1) taken outdoors temperature and humidity data with multiple and multiple sensor being located at indoor employing temperature and humidity data are connected, described embedded microprocessor with can the electric expansion valve of Based Intelligent Control aperture be connected, described embedded microprocessor is also connected with spoiler, fan (4).
CN201410541312.3A 2014-10-15 2014-10-15 A kind of full-automatic air energy cocoon drier Active CN104677065B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105066603A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-11-18 湖北科阳节能设备有限公司 Air energy high-power drying machine
CN106524691A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-03-22 成都智胜达节能环保科技有限公司 Mixed-flow mosquito-repellent incense drying device and mosquito-repellent incense drying system
CN107120953A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-09-01 贵州九科新能源有限公司 The control device for electronic expansion valve and method of a kind of air source heat pump dryer
CN108592537A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-28 广州骊阳能源科技有限公司 A kind of efficient dehumidification type heat pump drying unit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2593142Y (en) * 2003-01-06 2003-12-17 张璧光 Multifunctional heat pump drier
CN1759288A (en) * 2003-09-25 2006-04-12 松下电器产业株式会社 Heat pump type drying apparatus, drying apparatus and drying method
CN201811551U (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-04-27 石曾矿 Novel multifunctional dehumidifying dryer
CN203015823U (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-06-26 广州晟启能源设备有限公司 Tobacco dehumidification heat pump baking device
CN203100391U (en) * 2013-01-11 2013-07-31 广东芬尼克兹节能设备有限公司 Efficient environment-friendly drying heat pump
CN203163459U (en) * 2013-03-11 2013-08-28 孙应真 Intelligent hot air drying control device
CN103644714A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-03-19 广东威而信实业有限公司 Closed-loop dehumidifying heat pump drying system
CN203744666U (en) * 2014-03-29 2014-07-30 程大彪 Sonar heat insulation material drying device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2593142Y (en) * 2003-01-06 2003-12-17 张璧光 Multifunctional heat pump drier
CN1759288A (en) * 2003-09-25 2006-04-12 松下电器产业株式会社 Heat pump type drying apparatus, drying apparatus and drying method
CN201811551U (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-04-27 石曾矿 Novel multifunctional dehumidifying dryer
CN203015823U (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-06-26 广州晟启能源设备有限公司 Tobacco dehumidification heat pump baking device
CN203100391U (en) * 2013-01-11 2013-07-31 广东芬尼克兹节能设备有限公司 Efficient environment-friendly drying heat pump
CN203163459U (en) * 2013-03-11 2013-08-28 孙应真 Intelligent hot air drying control device
CN103644714A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-03-19 广东威而信实业有限公司 Closed-loop dehumidifying heat pump drying system
CN203744666U (en) * 2014-03-29 2014-07-30 程大彪 Sonar heat insulation material drying device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105066603A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-11-18 湖北科阳节能设备有限公司 Air energy high-power drying machine
CN106524691A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-03-22 成都智胜达节能环保科技有限公司 Mixed-flow mosquito-repellent incense drying device and mosquito-repellent incense drying system
CN107120953A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-09-01 贵州九科新能源有限公司 The control device for electronic expansion valve and method of a kind of air source heat pump dryer
CN108592537A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-28 广州骊阳能源科技有限公司 A kind of efficient dehumidification type heat pump drying unit

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