CN202350105U - Dual-purpose electronic temperature-controlled constant-temperature boiler using biomass fuel and coal - Google Patents

Dual-purpose electronic temperature-controlled constant-temperature boiler using biomass fuel and coal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202350105U
CN202350105U CN2011205337653U CN201120533765U CN202350105U CN 202350105 U CN202350105 U CN 202350105U CN 2011205337653 U CN2011205337653 U CN 2011205337653U CN 201120533765 U CN201120533765 U CN 201120533765U CN 202350105 U CN202350105 U CN 202350105U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
coal
dual
biomass fuel
fire grate
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CN2011205337653U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
余生明
余伟
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余生明
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Priority to CN2011205337653U priority Critical patent/CN202350105U/en
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Publication of CN202350105U publication Critical patent/CN202350105U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a boiler, in particular relates to dual-purpose electronic temperature-controlled constant-temperature boiler using biomass fuel and coal. The constant-temperature boiler comprises a shell, a liner, a hearth and a smoke outlet, and is characterized in that one side in the liner is provided with a fire grate, a combustion chamber and a feeding tank from bottom to top in sequence, a hearth with an S-shaped cross section is formed by vertically interlaced liner clapboard water jackets at the other side in the liner, the rear part of the shell is provided with a water outlet, a water return port, a water inlet and a drain outlet from top to bottom in sequence, the top of the shell is provided with an emergency vent, the upper part of the fire grate is provided with a fire door, and primary air matching holes horizontally passing through the hearth are arranged above the fire grate and at the lower part of the front wall of the feeding tank. The constant-temperature boiler provided by the utility model has a unique structure, can solve the problem that the traditional boiler can only burn coal and cannot burn the biomass fuel, and can realize the constant-temperature operation.

Description

The constant temperature boiler of the electronic temperature control that biomass fuel and coal are dual-purpose

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of boiler, especially relates to the constant temperature boiler of the dual-purpose electronic temperature control of a kind of biomass fuel and coal.

Background technology

At present the fuel that generally adopts of boiler is coal, and is increasingly high to environment requirement because the energy more and more lacks, and along with the raising of expanding economy and people's living standard, and the act as a fuel pollution of its tail gas of coal is still the problem of the long-term solution of needs.Energy-conservation and biomass energy acted as a fuel, and to substitute the requirement that coal acts as a fuel also more and more urgent.Current, though many improvement technology for environmental protection and energy-conservation coal-burning boiler also occurred, effect is all not really desirable mostly.For burning the boiler that coal can burn biomass fuel again, extremely rare especially; If fuel becomes biomass fuel by coal, must thoroughly change the conventional boiler fire and upwards penetrate fuel bed, could discharge the combustion system of fuel maximum heat usefulness then.Because fire upwards penetrates the combustion system that fuel bed discharges maximum heat usefulness then, as coal can, but as inflammable biomass fuel, add less terrible not stopping continuously and feed in raw material, added and only smoldered missing of ignitionly, also do not have the boiler of head it off to exist at present.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the utility model is the deficiency that overcomes prior art; Provide a kind of structure unique, can solve conventional boiler can only burn coal and can not burn biomass fuel problem, adopt once and the auxiliary air matching principle; Realize gasification, and combustion; And, boiler is carried out the constant temperature boiler of the dual-purpose electronic temperature control of a kind of biomass fuel and the coal of temperature-constant operation through equipped electronic temperature control device.

The utility model is realized through following mode:

The constant temperature boiler of the electronic temperature control that a kind of biomass fuel and coal are dual-purpose; It comprises shell, inner bag, burner hearth and outlet flue; It is characterized in that: the side in inner bag is provided with fire grate, combustion chamber from bottom to up successively and adds feed bin; Opposite side is through the burner hearth of the horizontal S type of the vertical inner bag dividing plate water jacket formation that interlocks up and down, and the shell rear portion is provided with delivery port, water return outlet, water inlet and sewage draining exit from top to bottom successively, is provided with emergency vent at the top of shell; Be provided with fire door on fire grate top, above the fire grate, add feed bin antetheca bottom and be provided with the primary air coupling hole of crossing in burner hearth;

Said shell is lateral cuboid; The burner hearth of said horizontal S type is divided into quirk, following quirk and upper flue along the flow direction of flue gas through said inner bag dividing plate water jacket; Hot-water line laterally is through among quirk and the following quirk, and the said feed bin that adds is that inner bag dividing plate water jacket by the first said top of inner bag that adds feed bin dividing plate water jacket and right side in left side forms the lateral cuboid shape;

The quirk rear lower is provided with the auxiliary air coupling pipe that the identical aperture of some diameters, tube wall two ends communicate with extraneous air is set on the tube wall uniformly on said;

The tube wall side top of said auxiliary air coupling pipe is provided with one to two emptying gas coupling hole, and said auxiliary air coupling pipe caliber 1/4th is in fire, and 3/4ths in water;

Said fire grate is the moving deslagging fire grate of gear type, and being staggered by fixed and movable two kinds of fire grate segments assembles;

Said upper flue bottom is provided with cleaning door, is provided with soil cleaning port in said shell bottom;

Said outlet flue is arranged on center, said upper flue top;

Be connected part with chimney at said upper flue and be provided with turnover panel through the electric mechanical temperature actuated.

The utility model has following effect:

1) it is dual-purpose to be fit to biomass fuel and coal: the boiler that the utility model provides thoroughly changes the combustion system that traditional stove and accessory and boiler fire upwards penetrate fuel bed; Take the design principle of science; Let fire after firing above the fire grate, crater is scurried into inner bag dividing plate water jacket heated body from the rear portion at once.

2) above fire grate, catch fire, reinforced the influence caught fire: the utility model adds the forefront that feed bin is arranged on boiler, is set up in parallel with inner bag dividing plate water jacket heated body front and back; The top is a charge door, and the below is provided with fire grate, from suitable for reading reinforced; Above fire grate, catch fire; Reinforced the influence caught fire, and fire is scurried into heated body from the crater that adds the setting of feed bin and heated body intermediate membrane below at once after firing above the fire grate.The miniature boiler hand stock added a defective material incendivity about 12 hours, large-sized boiler configuration automation charging (feeding) equipment.The long-pending size of reinforced warehouse will can not be the bigger the better according to the big or small scientific and reasonable design of boiler tonnage.

3) heating surface strengthens; Strengthened by thermal effect; And effectively reached the purpose of dedusting: the horizontal S type of the boiler that the utility model provides burner hearth is set to quirk, and following quirk and upper flue scientificlly and effectively let fire scurry into quirk from crater; The firepower of last quirk folds down quirk under the effect of the powerful draft of chimney above the heated body rear portion, upwards fold into upper flue then very naturally again.The powerful draft that this firepower is followed chimney is the quirk setting of the folding shape of horizontal S on more one on the other, and it is not high to have overcome body of heater effectively, and quirk can extend according to design requirement, and heating surface strengthens, and strengthened by thermal effect, and has effectively reached the purpose of dedusting.Because without air blast and air-introduced machine, all dusts are followed firepower and are risen and to advance to the bottom of upper flue one on the other, in any case also can not fly out from tens meters or twenties meters high chimney breasts, can only all drop on down the bottom of quirk.Under the operation of manual work, regularly remove then, effectively reached the purpose and the requirement of environmental protection from the dedusting mouth.The interlayer of water adopts between plate and the plate and crosses the method for lacing wire in right amount, thereby effectively solve bearing capacity in order to strengthen bearing capacity between heated body horizontal S shape accordion partition and dividing plate.In order to strengthen heating surface area, strengthen receiving thermal effect, to greatest extent the thermal efficiency that fuel produced is all utilized and absorb, in the space science of last quirk, following quirk and upper flue some boiler tubes that are heated that cross are set reasonably.

4) make fuel combustion abundant, combustion rate is up to 96%, and do not tie the glaze piece: the boiler air coupling hole that the utility model provides is arranged on and adds feed bin antetheca bottom, and 1/3rd places from bottom to top, combustion chamber are aimed in the fire grate top.Penetrate water layer with boiler tube, let the body of heater air outside directly get into the combustion chamber, play combustion-supporting effect, it is fast to reach burning velocity, sufficient combustion, and combustion rate is up to 96%, and do not tie the glaze piece.

5) environmental protection, long service life: the boiler air coupling pipe that the utility model provides crosses whole burner hearth, and two ends penetrate the water layer sealing and communicate with the body of heater extraneous air.Tube wall side top is provided with the air coupling hole of one to two row's diameter at Ф 8-14mm, and row's spacing is at 3-5mm up and down, and the spacing of Kong Yukong is the most suitable at 5-8mm.Caliber 1/4th is in fire, and 3/4ths in water, reaches the not purpose of easy burn-out; The effect of the scientific and reasonable design of air coupling Manifold technology is to let the hole of body of heater air outside through air coupling pipe and tube wall top directly get on the burner hearth among the quirk, under the effect that thermal current among the burner hearth rises, continually fast with last quirk among amalgam fusions such as flame, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, coal tar, methane; Produce the chemistry reflection; Form the powerful effect of second gasification combustion, make the smog elimination among the quirk, change into thermal efficiency; Heat color becomes light blue by fiery cigarette shape amalgam; The fire temperature need not be equipped with the dust-removal and desulfurizing auxiliary equipment by rising to 800-1200 ° of C through detecting confirmation about 500 ° of C, thoroughly having reached, and the discharge standard of flue dust and sulfur dioxide confirms through detecting; Not only up to standard fully, and the rigid index of each item all is lower than the discharge standard in one type of area of country significantly.

6) energy-conservation, heating effect good: the boiler crater that the utility model provides is arranged on fire grate top, adds the bottom of feed bin and heated body central dividing plate.The upper end of crater is the space of combustion chamber to the space of the top of fire grate.The size of crater and bags setting must be according to the big or small scientific and reasonable designs of boiler tonnage, are complementary with the be heated absorbability of ability of the space of quirk on the heated body.The space of crater and combustion chamber is excessive, and quantity combusted and combustion space will be big, and the ability to accept of quirk is little on the heated body, can cause waste of fuel, and it is insufficient to burn, gasification, and combustion poor effect, a series of not good effects such as the environmental protection of chimney breast effluent is not up to standard.The space of crater and combustion chamber is too small, and the quirk ability to accept is excessive on the heated body, and it is poor thermal effect to occur, and thermal efficiency does not reach the required heating effect of heating area.Therefore, the size of crater and the combustion space of combustion chamber must just can reach best high-efficient energy-saving environment friendly and heating effect according to the scientific and reasonable design of boiler tonnage.

7) unique fire grate, reduce cost: the utility model fire grate is arranged on and adds feed bin bottom and the bottom that adds feed bin and heated body central dividing plate.The moving fire grate two ends of roller fixing point all is arranged on the body of heater outside, is convenient for changing.One end is set to fixed, and it is moving operated that an end is set to gear connection roller.Fire grate is made with the heavy wall boiler tube of Ф 51, and it is 300-500mm steel bar vertical that Ф 12mm, length use in the tube wall top, and spacing distance is that 100mm is advisable and a little is welded in around the fire grate formation ash moving tooth.The moving fire grate of all rollers is with a micro-machine and decelerator, and the coupling plurality of gears chain that rotates forms the moving speed of best roller, with the fire grate top the powdery slag of after-flame heat energy dial the accumulated slag pond of fire grate below setting equably.The accumulated slag pond is pushed the body of heater outside portion to by the spiral slag remover that the fire grate below is provided with.

8) safe and reliable: the utility model is provided with delivery port at the shell top, and a non-return valve is installed, and forms the water one-way flow, can only go out and can not advance.This device can be drained the pressure that forms in the boiler automatically, and safe operation meets the standard of zero tolerance.

9) energy-conservation, emission of smoke tallies national standard: the boiler that the utility model provides detects through the product quality supervision detection of Bureau of Technical Supervision of autonomous region; The burning of coal rate is up to 96%; Environmental-protecting performance detects through environmental protection supervision inspection center of autonomous region and shows: smoke dust discharge concentration is 11.7-34.9 milligram/cubic meter; One type of regional discharge standard of country is 80 milligrams/cubic metre; Sulfur dioxide row concentration 111.8-133.9 milligram/cubic meter, one type of regional discharge standard of country is 900 milligrams/cubic metre, lingemann blackness is compared energy-conservation more than 40% less than 1 grade with conventional boiler.

10) heating surface area is big, can make full use of thermal efficiency: be set up in parallel before and after adding feed bin and inner bag dividing plate water jacket heated body, reinforced the influence caught fire, and feed bin is big, but adds a defective material continuous burning more than 12 hours, and the high-temperature and long-efficiency fire is constant; Adopt first and second air matching principle.The primary air coupling is combustion-supporting, the carbon monoxide that the auxiliary air coupling makes primary combustion produce at once, sulfur dioxide, methane.The smog amalgam that the coal tar wet goods is formed disappears, and forms the gasification, and combustion effect, and the fire temperature rises to 800-1200 ℃ at once by 500 ℃; Hearth wall is that heated body is horizontal S shape, the not high but distance that is heated of body of heater, and heating surface area is big, can make full use of thermal efficiency.

11) high-efficient energy-saving environment friendly and saving cost: body of heater is little, and the thermal efficiency is high.Identical area of heat-supply service, body of heater have only the 1/2nd big of prior art.Energy-conservation raw material amplitude is big, and cost is low; Without air blast, air-introduced machine and configuration dust-removal and desulfurizing bed, not electricity consumption entirely with advanced person's version, just can reach high-efficient energy-saving environment friendly and practice thrift the purpose that cost forms.

12) realize the constant temperature function of electronic temperature control: the boiler turnover panel that the utility model provides is arranged on the part that is connected of heated body upper flue and chimney.Effect is because boiler is not provided with air blast and air-introduced machine, and the powerful draft of fire leans on the draft of chimney and the thrust in air coupling hole to accomplish entirely.Therefore, the full turnover panel that leans on of the size of firepower is controlled.The control turnover panel is set to the electric mechanical temperature actuated, and the low turnover panel of water temperature is all opened in the boiler body, and water temperature is closed when necessarily limiting in right amount.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the front view of the utility model;

Fig. 2 is the left view of the utility model;

Fig. 3 is the cutaway view of the utility model Fig. 1 along A-A;

Fig. 4 is that the C of the utility model Fig. 2 is to view.

The specific embodiment

The constant temperature boiler of the electronic temperature control that a kind of biomass fuel and coal are dual-purpose; It comprises shell 1, inner bag 2, burner hearth 19 and outlet flue 3; Like Fig. 1,2, shown in 3 and 4: the side in inner bag 2 is provided with fire grate 5, combustion chamber 6 from bottom to up successively and adds feed bin 7; Opposite side is through the burner hearth 19 of the horizontal S type of the vertical inner bag dividing plate water jacket that interlocks up and down 13 formation, and shell 1 rear portion is provided with delivery port 8, water return outlet 9, water inlet 10 and sewage draining exit 11 from top to bottom successively, is provided with emergency vent 12 at the top of shell 1; Be provided with fire door 15 on fire grate 5 tops, above the fire grate 5, add feed bin 7 antetheca bottoms and be provided with the primary air coupling hole 16 of crossing in burner hearth 19;

Said shell 1 is lateral cuboid; The burner hearth 19 of said horizontal S type is divided into quirk 20, following quirk 21 and upper flue 22 along the flow direction of flue gas through said inner bag dividing plate water jacket 13; Hot-water line 14 laterally is through among quirk 20 and the following quirk 21, and the said feed bin 7 that adds is that inner bag dividing plate water jacket 13 by the first said top of inner bag that adds feed bin dividing plate water jacket 23 and right side in left side forms the lateral cuboid shape.

Quirk 21 rear lowers are provided with the auxiliary air coupling pipe 24 that the identical aperture of some diameters, tube wall two ends communicate with extraneous air are set on the tube wall uniformly on said.

The tube wall side top of said auxiliary air coupling pipe 24 is provided with one to two emptying gas coupling hole, and said auxiliary air coupling pipe 24 calibers 1/4th are in fire, and 3/4ths in water.

Said fire grate 5 is the moving deslagging fire grate of gear type, and being staggered by fixed and movable two kinds of fire grate segments assembles.

Said upper flue 22 bottoms are provided with cleaning door 17, are provided with soil cleaning port 18 in said shell 1 bottom.

Said outlet flue 3 is arranged on center, said upper flue 22 tops.

Be connected part with chimney at said upper flue 22 and be provided with turnover panel through the electric mechanical temperature actuated.

Claims (8)

1. the constant temperature boiler of the dual-purpose electronic temperature control of biomass fuel and coal; It comprises shell (1), inner bag (2), burner hearth (19) and outlet flue (3); It is characterized in that: the side in inner bag (2) is provided with fire grate (5), combustion chamber (6) from bottom to up successively and adds feed bin (7); Opposite side is through the burner hearth (19) of the horizontal S type of vertical inner bag dividing plate water jacket (13) formation that interlocks up and down; Shell (1) rear portion is provided with delivery port (8), water return outlet (9), water inlet (10) and sewage draining exit (11) from top to bottom successively; Be provided with emergency vent (12) at the top of shell (1), be provided with fire door (15), in fire grate (5) top, add feed bin (7) antetheca bottom and be provided with the primary air that crosses to burner hearth (19) in and mate hole (16) on fire grate (5) top.
2. the constant temperature boiler of the electronic temperature control that biomass fuel as claimed in claim 1 and coal are dual-purpose; It is characterized in that: said shell (1) is lateral cuboid; The burner hearth of said horizontal S type (19) is divided into quirk (20), following quirk (21) and upper flue (22) along the flow direction of flue gas through said inner bag dividing plate water jacket (13); Hot-water line (14) laterally is through among quirk (20) and the following quirk (21), and the said feed bin (7) that adds is that inner bag dividing plate water jacket (13) by the first said top of inner bag that adds feed bin dividing plate water jacket (23) and right side in left side forms the lateral cuboid shape.
3. the constant temperature boiler of the dual-purpose electronic temperature control of according to claim 1 or claim 2 biomass fuel and coal is characterized in that: quirk (21) rear lower is provided with the auxiliary air coupling pipe (24) that the identical aperture of some diameters, tube wall two ends communicate with extraneous air is set on the tube wall uniformly on said.
4. the constant temperature boiler of the electronic temperature control that biomass fuel as claimed in claim 3 and coal are dual-purpose; It is characterized in that: the tube wall side top of said auxiliary air coupling pipe (24) is provided with one to two emptying gas coupling hole; Said auxiliary air coupling pipe (24) caliber 1/4th is in fire, and 3/4ths in water.
5. the constant temperature boiler of the electronic temperature control that biomass fuel as claimed in claim 1 and coal are dual-purpose is characterized in that: said fire grate (5) is the moving deslagging fire grate of gear type, and being staggered by fixed and movable two kinds of fire grate segments assembles.
6. the constant temperature boiler of the electronic temperature control that biomass fuel as claimed in claim 1 and coal are dual-purpose is characterized in that: said upper flue (22) bottom is provided with cleaning door (17), is provided with soil cleaning port (18) in said shell (1) bottom.
7. the constant temperature boiler of the dual-purpose electronic temperature control of according to claim 1 or claim 2 biomass fuel and coal, it is characterized in that: said outlet flue (3) is arranged on center, said upper flue (22) top.
8. the constant temperature boiler of the dual-purpose electronic temperature control of according to claim 1 or claim 2 biomass fuel and coal is characterized in that: be connected part with chimney at said upper flue (22) and be provided with the turnover panel through the electric mechanical temperature actuated.
CN2011205337653U 2011-12-20 2011-12-20 Dual-purpose electronic temperature-controlled constant-temperature boiler using biomass fuel and coal CN202350105U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011205337653U CN202350105U (en) 2011-12-20 2011-12-20 Dual-purpose electronic temperature-controlled constant-temperature boiler using biomass fuel and coal

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011205337653U CN202350105U (en) 2011-12-20 2011-12-20 Dual-purpose electronic temperature-controlled constant-temperature boiler using biomass fuel and coal

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CN202350105U true CN202350105U (en) 2012-07-25

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102384585A (en) * 2011-12-20 2012-03-21 余生明 Electronic temperature-control constant temperature boiler for biomass fuel and coal
CN103673280A (en) * 2013-11-16 2014-03-26 周美清 Novel biomass particle hot water boiler
CN104214939A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-12-17 昆山黑格特温控设备有限公司 Efficient straw fuel boiler
CN104896515A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-09-09 高洪亮 Combustion furnace and furnace body structure

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102384585A (en) * 2011-12-20 2012-03-21 余生明 Electronic temperature-control constant temperature boiler for biomass fuel and coal
CN103673280A (en) * 2013-11-16 2014-03-26 周美清 Novel biomass particle hot water boiler
CN104214939A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-12-17 昆山黑格特温控设备有限公司 Efficient straw fuel boiler
CN104896515A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-09-09 高洪亮 Combustion furnace and furnace body structure
CN104896515B (en) * 2015-06-24 2017-08-08 湖北鑫星节能炉具股份有限公司 Combustion furnace and furnace binding
CN107327873A (en) * 2015-06-24 2017-11-07 高洪亮 A kind of combustion furnace and furnace binding

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120725

Termination date: 20171220